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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 121 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 121 of 181)
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f«/?W;and LixMS,3. Coioiiie QiClnudius. In this '' was AnUtts his Pallace,and liis com-
batc with HtrctilesAnd the Gardens of the Hefpendes, which fomc( as is faid ) place
necreBcrnicc. c^wf-fw/.ifhis Legend be true, was 'threcfcoreand toure cubits long,
a cruel} and inhofpitail tyrant, who in his encountring wkh Hercu/ei, was three times
hurled dead to the earth and fo many times by his mother (the earth ) reuiued : which
^frc»/wperceiuing..held him vp in the ayre till he had llrangled him. Whcrby theyin-
tcnd.that the Suiwie rcuiueth the earth, fignified by Ant^us and HercaUf, but with his
exceifiuc heat doth kill it. The Hefperidcs were the daughters of Hejperns, brother o(
tAtlM ; v^gle, Jrethufa,Heffertitfi. In their gardens grew thofe golden apples(the
dowrie of Inno to /«p/f#r)kept by a Dragon,«ngendrcd oiTyyhon and Echidna, vii\\d\
had an hundred head$,&: many voyccs^ttendcd by the Priefl of the Hefperidcs : thefc
/i/rif/^/<r/ fetched away.This was the Poeticall tale; the truth whereofis faid to be.riiai
the daughters oi Atlas were by Pirats and thecues , fent from Btifru King of Egypt^
ftolne; and redeemed by //<'rf«/?/,who (lew thofe theeues. Thcfe were borne to Af.
taf,oi Heffmst , daughter of f/fij^^rwj his brother, called therefore ^f/<w/<^f/ and
ffeff>erides,Gxe in number. /IiIm had an excellent kinde of fhcepe,vvith yellow fleeces.
Which for this ex)>loit he bellowed on Hercttlet \znd t.iught him alfo die knowledge
ofAftronomie: inregardofwhichSciencc, v^//<«/ is faid to hauc borne vp theHea-
ucns with his fhoulders,and Herculesio haue vndertakcn his burthen, W'hercas J^a-
t/f/arl^ Cew^fplaceth thcfe Gardens with '?/>«;', neere to Lixus, and yet nigh to Me-
ipeicand the Redde fca,bct\vixt which places is fuch a world of dillancc.it arguechhow
great crrouTs great Schollers may fall into by want of that fo-much-neglcdcd fludic
ofGeographie.withoutwhichjHiftorietbat dclcdlable fludie is fickeot ahalfe dead
palfic : one caufc.chat hath raoued me to ioync in my ftudics and in this worke , the
Hiftory of Tiw*," with her manifolde changes and chances and of^/.i<r?togcther.Be-
lidcs the Altar o^ Hercules, and wildc Oliues , there remained nothing in Piuites daycs
of tiiat Hefperiaa garden. 'Jv^f^«r'findes there atree Mallow, twentiefoote high,and
ibouc a fatbomabout. Qf Mount Atlas they tell wonderfull talcs, ofthe felfe-fertility
Sbcreof, the inhabitants nciier fcene by day , the defart-l:ke filcnce , the fires therein
fivining by night, the muficke and mif rule of the ty£gypa"es and Satyres,and the la-
bours of H^r«'«/ir/ and P^r/fa^ there, lohn Leo ([\3.\l better acquaint vswith the truth,
then-thofe fables of credulous antiquitie. Out of him therefore and other later Wri-
ters we will take view ofthe prcfcm face of Aftica, therebeing litilethat can be faid
<rf^theirauncicntRitcs, more then is already obferucd. The Rv^manes brought hither
thtiflanguage and Religion.The Vandals vnder (7"V^'''f-^ ps'i'ing out ofSpaio. made
conqucH of ail in manner which the Romarvs had in Africa , of whofe crueltic ViBsr
•" f^f/<r(?»y?; an eyc-witnefle. hath written three b(K)ke5, The manifolde battels and al.
terations ofcftate betwixt them, tlie Romans, Maurufians, and oiheis,Procopius" hath
diligently recorded. It would be harfii and tedious bcere to relate. The foyle, faith
-C?f«<ij is more noble then the people: ofthe miraculous fcrtihtie\vherc<>f, 'Dwmji-

' Ggg 2 Hi



i SiliHiLi.



laJtb.i.caji.^.
cum QliHafif
anmt.



h T^atjt.Comei
Mythol.l.j.c.x,
i Some fay
threcfcoreand
ten, and that
Scrtoriui found
him in his fe-
pukhreofthat
lengch. 1 can
eafily bclceuc
both alike.



k Lib 7.01^.7.



* Chronology

andGeogra'

phy are the

twoeyesof

Hiftorie.Cfc/-

trxui,

1 Oom- Niger.

Com./l(b.i,



m Viel.Vti-
cenfiiPcrfsiU,
t'wuisl-'aitd.
n ?r»:op.(>t
UcUo y'aild.



<5I5



Of the K^nghme of Veffe^isrc



Chap.io



liki.

Munii C»fm.L6

p Thtjlrum

mannij.



q lo.Leolb.i,
Oi.Sfi.Ben,



Hi o IJalicarHAffefu,MHfiIier,B»emfHyinA others haue written, I know not how true-
ly.That their conic yccldsau hundredfold encreafc, and in fome places an hundred
and fiftie ; That there are fcene Vines as great as two men can fathom, and grape-clu-
ftersacubitelong,&c. It is P thought that Chriftitn Religion was here preached in
the Apodlcs tin)C.

Leauingihofe things ofmore age and vncertainty,vvc will come now to the King-
domes of Fez and Marocco, which haue bin of Saraccnicall crcd^ion in thisProuincc
ofTingitana.sThatofFezftretcheth from Azamoi to Tanger.and from the Atlantikc
Ocean to MuIuia.This Riuer is the Eafteme border,on the North it is waflied with the
Sea, on the South is the Kingdomc of Marocco, on the Weft, the Riuer Ommirabih.
The riuers Subu,Luccus,and others water it. Therein arc numbrcd feuen Prouinccs,
Temcfna,theterritorieofFcz,Azgar,ElhabetorHabat,Errif,Garct,andChausorEI-
chauz : cucry ofwhich.faith £.M,had in oldc times a fcuerall Goucrnour. Neither was
thcCitieofFezthe royallfeat,but was buiitby aSchifmat:cailRebell,in whofc family
the gouernemcnt continued 1 50.yeares. And then the Marin family prcuayling,gaue
icfirftthc title ofa Kingdomc, (etling their abode and (trength therein.

Temefna beginneth at Ommiradih, thence liretching Eaftward to Buragrag,bc-
tweenc Atlas and the Ocean. It is a plaine countrey.eighty miles in length, contayning
in it forty great townes.befides three hundred Caftles. In the yeare ohVic Hegira 323.
Chemtm the fonne oiU^enal-, an HeremiticallPrcachcr , perfwaded them to pay do
tribute, nor yeeldcfubiedion toFez, bccaufeihe Lords thereof were vniuft, bearing
himfelfe for a Prophct,and in fmall time gate into hishand the fpirituall and tcmporall
fwordjholding the fame by force and armcs.But after that lofeph had built Marocco,hc
fought by Catholike Doftors of the Mahumetan Religion , to reduce them from their
Herefie,but they flew them, & with an Armie of fiftie thoufand matched towards Ma-
rocco to cxpell thence the houfe of L«»f«»4, but by this meanes brought deftruftion
to themfelues ; lofcfh getting the better, and fpoyling their countrey, ten moneths to*
gether,with great crueltie. It is thought that a millonof people by famine, Iword,
rockesandnuerSjWercconfumed :anc!TemefnawasIcft to be inhabited of Wolucs,
Lions,and Cuiit-Cats, a hundred and fiftie ycares : at which time King Man[»T gaue
thepoflcflionofTcmcrnatocertaine Arabians, who fiftie ycares after were expelled
by the Luntunefamily,recouering the Kingdomc from the houfe ofM^nfor ; and af-
ter, the Marin Familie preuailing,gaue it to the people of Zenetc and Haora, in meedc
ofthcirferuicc.whicb they had done to the Matins againft the King and Patiiarchof
Marocco. From which time they haue enioyed the fame almoft two hundred yeares,
Anfa was a Towne ofgreat trade with the Englifli and Portugals, and by thefc vttcrly
rafed : and fo the Arabians ferucd the next Citie Manfora.Nuchaila/omt;mcs famous
for their picntiecfcorncofwhich it is recorded, that they would giuc a Camels bur-
then for a paire of llioos,hath no w but a few bones left of her carkaffe, namely a pccce
ofthe wall and one high ftceple,wherc the Arabians after they haue ended their tilth,
lay vp their inftruments of husbandry,none daring to fteale his neignbours toolcs,ia
rcuerence ofa Saint of theirs, therebuned.Rcbat is a towne furniflied with Colledges,
and Templcsjihc model of Marocco. At Sella was King Ma»forhux\t6,\\\\ztc hec had
builta ftatelyHofpitall.andPallacc.abeautifulI Temple, and a Hall ofMarblecut in
Mofaike woike, with glafl'c windowes of diuers colours.wherein he and his pofteritie
were buried. I faw,faithJ[,«, the Sepulchre, and copied out the Epitaphs of thirtie
of them.

MadftrAuvtWyhy the mines teftifieth her fomt'upe proud buildings, horpitals,Innes
and Temples. In Thagia is vifited the Sepulchre of a holy man, which liued in the time
ofH<j^^«//i/«wf» the Califor Patriarch, who wrought great miracles againft the
LyonSjWhercwith the Towne is much moleftcd. £/fir<i/^,aMahumetanDoitor, wrote
a Legend ofhis miracles, which £.;« faith he had read, and fuppofed that they were
done eyther by natural! or diuellirti Magike. The Fcflans after'their E3fter,yearcly re-
fort to his Tombc,with fuch numbers of men, women, aad children, and their Tents,
that they feeme an Armie. It itandeth from Fcflc a hundred and twentie miles,fo that
their going andreturning inthis Pilgrimage lalJeth fiftecncdaycs. My father carried

ISC



C K A p. I o. AFRICA. Theftxt <Booke. 6 1 5



."/Ooh:
ence
e



mcyearely thither when I wasachilde, andfincc, 1 hauebeene there many times, by
realon ofmanyvowes which I made, being in danger of Lyons. Where Zatfa Rood,
the Arabians now = fow come. aSegcsell,tbi

The Territoric of Fez bath on the Weft the Riuer Buragard; on the Eaft, Inaven; on Tioiajui:.
theNorth,Subii;and Atlas on the South. Sella was built by the Romans, fatked by
thcGothes, fubicftfince toFefle. The buildings are of Mofaike worke fupportcd
with marble pillars : eucn the fhops are vnder faire and large porches and there are ar-
ches to part occupations. All the Temples arc beautifull. In thisTovvnetheGeno-
waies, Englifh , Flemings, and Venetians, vfed to trade. The Spaniards tooke it in
the 670, of the Heg. but loft it againc within tenne dayes. Fanzara was dclkoyed by
Satrid. who with certaine Arabians bel^eged Fez feuen yeares together, and defiroyed
I alltheVillagcsintheCountrieabout. cJW-^^wor/* was made famous by the flaughter
j ofthePortugaIs,whofebloud dyed the Sea three dayes together, hluniingtofec the
barbarous Barbarian fpillfb much Chnftianbloud. Lfo was there prefent, and num-
brcth the flaine Chriftians at ten thoufand, bcfiies the lolTe of their rtiippcs and Ordi-
nance,whcreof the Moorcs tooke vp foure hundred great braffe pecces out of the Sea,
in theycareof the Heg.921.

Fez, or Feflc was built inthe time of e^rtfw the Calif, in the one hundred eightie bFezfignlfifth
fiue yeare of the Hirf .or Mahumetica'l computation. It had this '' golden title , becaufe S''''^> '" Ar^bi-
1 outhefirftdayofthefoundationthere was found feme qnancie of Gold, The Foun- ^"■^'''^-''^''•
der was named /</rfcf, y^row ncare Kinfmsnjto whom the Califafliip was more due. For
he was Nephew oiHali, Mahumets Cofen,who married ^ Vulerr.a, Daughter oiMa- cElfewIicre
humtt^ and therefore, both by Father and Mother of that kindred : whereas ^ro;? was "^^^"^ f'"''*'''
but in the halfebloud, being Nephew to //^^^w, the Vnclc of yI/<«/;«»?fr. Howbeit
both thefc Families were dcpriued ofthe Cahfate : and Aran by deceit vfurped <*. For ^ ^[h Jj l''"'^
Arons grandfatherfainedhimfelfe willing to transferre that dignitie to //>«//, andcau- ^^^ diffcie..
I fedthehoufeof Kiw^wetoloofeit, and HaUuSa ^^(fj^f became the firft ^<:!///)^, who fecmetiuob
j pcrfequutedtheHoufcof //^/iopenlyjchafingfome into Afia, and fome into India, morcinnnmcs
But one of them remained in Elmadina,of whom (becaule he wasold and religious)he ''^^^ "^'■^
had no great fearc. HistwoSonnes grew in fuch fauour, with the people, thar they
were forced to flee, and one being taken and ftrangled, the other,which was i\\\sldris,
efcaped into Mauritania, where he grew in fuch reputation, that in fliort time hce got
both fwordes into his h:ind, and dwelt in the HillZaron, thirtic miles from Fez,
and all Mauritania p^ycd him Tribute. Hee dyed without iflue, only hee left his flaue
withchildc;fhewasa Goth become Mahumetan, and had a Son, which after his Fa-
ther was called /i^m. Hefucceedcd m the Principalitic, and was brought vp vnder
the difciplineofa valiant Captaine, named ^rf/af: and began to fhew great proweflc
at fifteenc yeares. He afterwards, increafing in power, built on the Eaft-fidc ofthe
Riuer a fmall Citie of three thoufand Families. After his death, one of his Sonnes built
an other Citic on the Weft-fide .- both which Cities fo encreafed , that there was fmall
diftance bctweene them. An. 1 8.0. yeares after , there arofeCiuill warres betwixt thefe
two Citicsjwhich continued a hundred yeares. And as t^Efips Kitefcrued theMoufe
and Frog, fo lofiph ofthe LumuKe Family , apprehending this aduantage tooke both
their Lords, and flew them, and thirtie thoufand ofthe Citizens. He brake downe the
wals which parted the two Cities, and caufed many Bridges to be madc,and brought
them both to be oneCitie,whichhediuided into twelue Wards.

The Citie is now both great and ftrong.ltfcemes that Nature and Art haue played "^hefweetfi-
the wantons, and haue brought forth this Citie the fruit of their dalli3nce:Or elfe, they '"3"°n°fF«z..
fceme corriuals, both, by all kind offices fceking to winnc her lone : So doth the earth
feeme to dance, in little Hillocks and preticVallies.diuerfifying the foilerfo doth the
Riuer difperfe it felfe into manifold channels, no fooner entering the Citic, but it is di-
uided into two Armes,wherewith it embraceth thii louely Nymphtand theie lubdiui-
ded, as it were into many fingers, in varietie of water-courfcs, infinuating it felfe vnto
eueryftreetand member thereof: and not contented thus in publike to teflifie affefli-
onfindsmeanesof lecret intelligence with his louc by Conduit- pipes, clolely vifl-
ting cuery Temple, College, Inne, Hofpitall (the fpeciall chambers of his Spoufc,)Yea

Ggg 3 and



6^6



Of the Isjn^domeo/Fejfe, zrc



Cha



Ptio;



alnhocfea-
i'onshchatha
coUefuiterfor
thcriuerisdty
but then hee
hath<oo.Fou-
taines to fpcak
for him in his
abfcnce.



bThiscom-
paflc is to bee
vndeiftoodof
all (he buil-
dings,
c Bracc'td di



d Bcls were
firft found and
founded an.
87o.by yrfut
Duke of Ve-
nice. Blond &
yagetf IpicHe^ia
tVn boradi-



f This may bee
reckoned as
eld rent with
vs, which now
is exceedingly
improued:for
Leo wrote this,



and almofteuerypriuatchoufc: from whence With an officious fcruice heecarryeth
the filth thac might offend cyther fight or fent of his Bride , which ftill enioying,hcc
woocth, » and euer wooing enioyeth. Ney ther is Art behind in his proffered courte-
fies, but (till prefcnts her with Mofaikeworkes, as chaincs and Jewels to adorne her:
with fine brickcs and rtones framed into moft artificiall Fabrickes, both louely for de-
light, and (lately for admiration. The roofes of their houfes are adorned withGolde
Azure, and other excellent coulours, which arc made flat for the Inhabitants vfe and
pleafurc: whofe houfes are richly furnifhcd, eucry chamber with a prcfTe curioufly
painted and varnifhed. And who can tell the exquifitencfTeof the portals, pillars ci-
fterns,and'otherp3rts of this Cities furniture ? Once, let the Temples therin awhile
dctayne your eyes, whereof there arc in Fez, together with fmaller Chappcls or Mof-
checs, about feuen hundred, fifti« of which are great and fairc adorned withmarble
pillars, and other ornaments, the chapiters thereof wrought with Mofaikeandcar-
ued workes. Euery one hath hisFountaines ofmarble, or other (tones notknowne in
Italy. The floores are couered with mats, clofcly ioyncd, andfoarethewalsamans
height lined therewith. Eucry Temple hath his (tccple after the Mahumctan manner,
whereon they, whofe office it is , afccndand call thepeopleat the appointed houres
to prayer: there is but one Prie(l thereunto, who faith their feruice there, andhath
charge of the reuenuc of his Church, taking accounts thereof, to beftow it on the Mi-
nifters ofthcfaid Temple, namely thofc which keepethe Lampcs light in the night,
the Porters,and them which crieinthc night-time , to call them to Church. Forhcc
which cryeth in the day-time, is only freed from tenths , and other payments, other-
wife hath no falaric or flipend. There is one principall and (if we may fo tcrme it) Ca-
thedral! Church, called the Temple of C^rxt/rx, fo great, that it containeth in^* circuit
about a mile and halfc. It hath one and thirtie Gates , great and high. The
Roofcisan hundred and fiftie Tufcan « yardes long , and little lefle then eightie
broad. The fteeple is exceeding high. The roof e hereof is fupportcd with eight and
thirtie arches in lengtb,and twentic in breadth. Round about arc certaine Porches on
the Eaft, Weft, and North, eucry one in length fortie yardes , and in breadth thirtie.
Vnder which Porches or Galleries are cMa^Az^'wes or Store-Houfes , wherein arc
kept LampeSjOyle, Mats, and other it{?ceflares. Euery night ate lighted ninehun-
dred Lampes; for euery arch hath his Lampc , efpccially that row of arches which ex-
tends through the mid-quire, which alone hath an hundred and fiftie Lamps, in which
ranke are fomc great lights made of BrafTe , euery of which hath fockets fot fiftcene
hundred Lamps. And thcfcwere Rels (^ of certaine Cities of Chriflians conquered
by Fedan Kmgs. About the wals of the faid Temple within are pulpits of diuers forts;
wherein many learned Matters read to the people fuch thingcs v pcrtaine to their faith
and fpirituall law. They bcginnc a little after breake ofi'day, and end at « one houre of
the day. In Sommer they read not but after foure and twcniie houtes or Sunne-fet, and
continue till an houre and halfe within night. They teach afwell morall Philofophie,a$
the Law o( (^MAhamet . Priuate men readc the Sommer-Lcftures, only great Claikes
may read the other, w hich haue therefore a large ftipcnd , and Bookes , and Candles,
arc giuen them. The Prieft of this Temple is tyed to nothing but his (Jyfftmpjimiu, or
Scrurce. Alfo he takcth charge of the monie and goods, which arc offered in the Tem-
ple for Ophans: and difpenfeth the reuenucs that are left for the poorer eucry Holy
day he dealeth to the poore of the Citie monic and Corne , according as their nece(ri.
tic is more orlcfTe. The Treafurer of this Church is allowed a Duckat a daie. He hath
vnder him eight Notaries , each of which haue fixe Duckats amoncth: other (ixc
Clarkes gather the Rents of Houfes and Shops, which belong to the Church, retay-
ning the twentieth part thereoffor their wages. Morcouer, there are twcntie Bayliffs
of the Husbandrie , that ouer-fce the labourers. Not farre from the Citie are twcntie
Lyme kils, and as many Brick-kil$,feruing for the reparations ofthcTcmplc,and the
houfes thereto belonging. The rcuennucsofthe Temple arc f two hundred Duckats
a day. The better halfc is laid out on the prcmifTcs. And if any Temple of the Ci-
tie or Mofchee be without reueonue, they arc hence furnifticd with many things,Thac
which remaincs goeth to the common good of the Citie.

In



Ckap.io. AFRICA. Thefixt 'Booh.



617



mieCothcMU*



In the Citic arc twoprincipall and moft ftately Colleges of Schollars, adorned with
Mofaikes and earned workcs, paued with marble and ftoncs of Maiorica. In each of
them arc many chambers; in fome Colleges arc a hundred, in fome more , and in fomc
Icflc. They were all built by diucrs Kings of the Matw Family. One is moft beautifull,
founded by King Aht* Henon. It is adorned with a goodly Fountaine of Marble, and a
flreame continually running: there are three Cloyftcrs, or Galleries , of incredible
bcaiitic, fupported with eight fquare Pillars of diucrs colours, the arches adorned with
MofaikeofGoId and fine Azure. ThcRoofeisofcarucdworke. About thcwalsarc
jnfcriptions in Vcric, exprclTing the ycare of the foundation, and pray fcs of the Foun-
der. The gates of the College arc of Braffe, fairely WTought, and thedoores of the
chan)bcrs carucd. Inthe great Hall where they fay their prayers is a Pulpit, that hath 9
ftaires to it, all of luorie and Ebonie.This College coft the founder 4 Soooo.Duckats.
All the other Colleges in Fcffe hold fome refcmblancc with this, and in cucry of them
are Readers or Profcflbrs in diucrs Sciences prohibited by the Founders. In old time
the Students were wont to haue their dyet and raiment allowed for fcucn ycares , but
now they are allowed only their chamber : for the » warres of Satrid confumcd their
polTelTions. So that now there rcniaines but little wherewith they maintainc their
Readers, and ofthcm fome hauc twohundred Diickats, fome a hundred yearcly , and
fome IclTc. And there abide in the faid Colleges, only a few Grangers , maintained by
the almes of the Citizens; When they will rcadc , one of the auditors readcth a Text,
and the Reader then readcth his Comments, and brings fomc expofition of his owne,
and exphineththe difficulties. And fomc times in his prcfcncc the Students difputc of
that argument which he handleth.

There arc many Hofpitas in Fcflc, not inferiour in building to the Colleges aforC'
faid. In them ftrangcrs were entertained three dayes atthc common charge. Butin
the time oiSatrids warre the King fold their reucnnues. Now, only learned men and
Gentlemen rccciue entertainment, and pooreperfonsrclicfc. There is an other Ho-
Ipitall for difcafed ftrangcrs, which hauc their dyet,but no phifick allowed them. Here
alfo mad men are prouidcd for. In this Hofpitall Leo in his youth had beene a Notarie.
There arc in Fez a hundred bath-ftoucs^well built, with foure Hals in each, and cer-
tainc Galleries without,in which they put ofF'thcir clothes.Thc moft part ©f them per-
taine to the Temples and Collegcs,ycelding them a great rent. They haue a yearcly
fcftiuall wherein all the feruants of the Bathes with trumpets and great i'olemnitie goc
forth of the Towne, and gather a wilde Onion, which they put in a brafen VcfTell, and
bring it fokmnely to the hot-houfe doore, and there hang it vp in token of good luck.
This Leo thinks to be fomc facrificc,obfcrued by the ancient Mores,yct remaining. E-
ucry AfricanTovvne had fometimes their peculiar feaft,whichthc Chriftians abolifhcd.
Innes here are almoft two hundrcd.built three ftorics high,and haue a hundred and
twentie chambers a pcccc, with Galleries afore all the dooics. But here is no prouifirn
of bcdorboardfurftrangcts. The Inne-keepersof Fez areallof otic family , called
£/c^ir«<» and are attired like women, (haue their bcardts, become womanifL in their
fpeech, yea degenerate cuen to the wheele and fpindle. They are fo^' odious (except
to bafevillaincs that refort thither) that the better lort of people will not fpeake to
them : and may not enter the Temple , Burfe, or Bath , nor into thofc Innes next the
great Temple, where Marehants arc entertained. There are thoufands of Mils, all al-
moft pcrtayning to thcTemplcs,andCollcgcsrcuennue.E3ch trade in Feffc hath a pe-
culiar place allotted thereto, the principall whereof are next the great Temple: as Scri-
uencrs, Book-fcUers, &c. eucry trade by themfelucs.

The Chriftian captiues reft only vpon Fridayes,and eight other daics in thcycarc fc-
ftiuall to fhe Mores. There are fix hundred fountaines walled about, the waters where-
of are conueied by Condui£ts to the Temples , or other places becaufcthcRiueris
fometimes drie. They hauc in Fez a ludgc for criminall caiifes, and an other for quc-
ftions of Religion. Athirdthat dealesinMatrimoniall cafes. From thefc there licth
an appeale to the high Aduocate. The ludgcs of Mahomets law in matters of con-
fciencc haue no allowance for the fame. Their marriages arc thus. When the Father
of the Maid hath efpoufrd her to her ' loucr , They goc with their friendcs to Church,

and



b Infamous
Innc keepers.



cThcmannc-
uerfeethhis
Bride before
Hiarriage : but
fends his Mo.
ther,orfome
other Woman
to fee her: and
vpon that re-
port agreeth
with [he Fa>
iher.



6j8 OftheIQngdomeoffe]Je,<i^c. Chap,io.



ind hauc with them two Notaries which draw theCoucnants agreed betwixt them
into writing. TheFathcrbeftowcsaDowrieor Portion of monie,appare]l, and luch
like; feldomc, of Land. When the Bridegrome fetcheth her home , fhc is fct in a Ca-
binet, coucred with Silkc, and carried by Porters, accompanied with her Kini^folkcs
and much minftrelfie rand the Bridegromes friendes goe before with Torches and
herKinfmen after, toward the great Church. Then hee hafteth home , cxpeding his
Bride in his Chamber, whom her father. Brother, and Vncle , bring and deliuer to his
Mother : and he fetting his foot on hers, fhuts the Chamber doore. At which a wo-
man ftandeth and receiueth of him aNapkin ftainedjWhichfhefhewcthtothe Aflcm-
blyasateftimonieof thcBridesvirginitic.-butif fhcc bee not found a Maide, (bee is
returned to her friends with fliame,and the gucfts goe home without their fcaft. They

holdgreatfeaflingalfoatthecircumcifionoftheirmale-children.whichisthefeuenth
day after they arc borne. The Barber or Circumcifcr is prefented with gifts of all the
inuitedguefts.Thenfollowcth mirth and iollitie. They vfe dancings, but the women



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 121 of 181)