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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 122 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 122 of 181)
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a-part by thcmfelucs without men.

There is a remainder of Holy dayesinftitutcd by the Chriflians which themfclues
vndcftandnot.OnChrift-maflcEuentheyeatcaSa]|et made ofdiuers Hearbs , and
feeth all kindes of Pulfe which they feed vpon. On New-yearcs day the children goe
with maskes on their faces to the houles of Gentlemen , and hauc fruits giucn them
for finging ccrtaine fongs. On the feaft of S. fohn Bapttjl they vfe to make bone-fires.
They make a feaft cz\lcd1)eKtilla, (when their chiidrcns teeth begin to f^row ) vnto o-
thcr children. When a man dies , the women put on fack-cloth , and defile their faces
with dirt. They call to them thofe wicked men in womens attire , which hauc fourc
fquarc Drums, to the found whercofthey fing mournful! ditties, in prayfe of the dead
partie. At the end ofeueryverfc the women vttermoft hideous fhrikes and outcries,
tearing their haire and beating their breaftcs and cheekes, til! they be all embrued with
bloud.And thus they continue feuendayes , and then intermit their mourning fortic
dayes.after which fpace they relume the famefor 7.dayes,as before.But the better fort
behaue themfclues more modeftly. At this time a!! tlie widowes friends come about
her to comfort her, and fend her diuers kinds of meats : for in the mourning houfe they
may drelTe no meat at al!, till the dead be carried out. The woman which loofeth her
Father, Brother, or Htisband, neuergoesforth with the Funeral!. At fome fcftiuals,
thcYouthsof oneStreete will fight with Clubs againft the boyes of another Streete,
and fometimes betake them toother Weapons, and kill one another. Sometimes
they vfe thefe bloudie fraies without the citie.the officers forcing them to better order.
There are many Poets which pen amorous Sonnets: and on .^/^i^cwff/ birth-day make
verfes in his commendation, rcforting early to the Palace, and there afcendingthc
Tribunall,readc their verfes to the people : and hee whofe verfes are beft is pronoun-
ced that yearc Prince of Poets. The /W'^rm King on that day \{ed to entenaine the
learned men, and to reward thebeft Poet with a hundred Duckats,a Horfe, a woman-
flaue,and the Kings Robes which he ware that day.

In Fez are two hundred Crammer Schooles , builtlike great Hals. Euery day they
* Thefe tables Jearne one leflbn of the Alcoran. They read and write not in Bookes, but in great * ta-
are bods like ^^^^ j^ fciien yearcs they learne the whole Alcoran by heart. And then the Father jn-
whenonHef-'' uiteth his Sonnes Schooie-fellowes to a banquet: and his Sonne rides through the
fon 15 learned, ftrcct in coftlv apparrcll, both which are lent by the Gouernour. The other Boy es ride
that is wiped and fing Cor)gs\n pr^yk ofCod 8c Mahumet.On Alahi^Metsbltth'd^y cuQiyboy mad.
out, and an o- Carrie a Torch to Schoole curioufly wrought, fome weighing :;o. pound, which they
ther written & y^^^^ before dale and let them burne till Sun-r, fing, fingingall the while the prayfes of
the Alcoran Alahumet. The Schoolcmafters hauc the remnant of the waxe which fometimes they
tiUallbc lea't- fell for a hundred Duckets. They are free Schooles Anciently built. In the Schooles,
ned. and alfo in the Colleges, they haue two dayes of recreation euery weeke,wherein they

ney ther teach norftudie.

There be three kindes ofFortune-tcllers, or Diuiners.One of which vfeth Geoman-
ticall figures , others powre a drop of Oy!e into a glafle of Water , which becoinmcth
cleare as a leingglafle,in which ihey lay they fceflrange fights, rankes of Dcuils,

like



Chap. 10. AFRICA. Thefixt'Booke, 6ip



like Armies, fome trauelling, fomepalTing oucr aRiuer, &c. When the Diuiner fecth

them quicc he dcmaundeth luch qucftions of them as he will, and the Deuils with ge-

iluiesreiurncanlwere. The third lort are Women-witches, which makethepcoplfc

beleeiie that they are acquainted with Deuils of diuers forts, red, white, blackcand

when they will tell any mans fortune they perfume themfelues with certainc odours,

whereby (as they fay) the Dcuill cntreth into them, and :heir voycc is preftntly alte- .

red, as if the Deuill fpak.c within them. And then they that come to encuirc aikc their

queftions , and fohauing left their prefcnt for the Deuill, depart.

- Thcfef women vfevnlavvfullluflsbetwcene themfelues in mutuall filthineflcrand f Femakil-

if faire women come to them they will demand the Deuils fcc,that they may haue fuch 'hineflc,

dealing with them. Yea fome addicting themfelues tothcfc abhominable pradifes

will faine themfelues ficke, and fend to one of thefc witches which will affirme, that

fliee is pofleffcd with a Dcuill, and cannot be cured, except fiiee become one of their

focietic. Thefoolifli Husband bclccucs.confents and makes a fumptuous fcaft at that

her ileuillifli admilTion. Others will coniurc this Deuill w ith a cudgell out of their

wiues : others fainmg themfelues to be pofl'cfled with a Deuill, will dccciue the Wif-

ches, as they haue dccciucd their wiues. There arc Exorcifls or Diuiners, called Mu.

/&44i:,?;»/', which caft out Deuils. or, if they cannot, they excufe themfelues, and fay

it is an Aerie fpirit. They write characters, and frame cii des on an adi-heapc or fome

other place : then they make certainc fignes on the hands or foreheads of the poflcfled

partie, and perfume him after a ftrangc manner.

• Then they make their inchantment.and demand of the fpirit, which way he entered,

whatheis,andhisname:andthencommaund him tocoine forth. Others therarc

thatworkebyaCabali(^icallri:lc, ci]k6 Zairagia ,znd is vciy hard: for hce that

doth thismuH beaperfeft AftrologerandCabalilt. My fclfc(it \%Lfos report)haue

feene an whole day fpent in defcribingonefigurconly.lt is too tedious here to cxprcflc

the manner, Howbcit,yWrf/;o>w«/law forbids all diuination, and therefore the Mahu-

mctan Inquifitots imprifon the ProfefTors thereof.

There are alio in Fez. fome learned men which giuc themfelues the firnames odvife-
WffwandmorallPhilofophers, which obferuc Lawes not preknhcdhy c^ahumci:
fome account them Catholikc, others not, but the vulgar hold them for Saints. The
Lawforbiddetblouc-fongs, which they faymay bee vfed. They haue many rules
and orders , all whch haue their Defenders and Do(ftors. This Se£i fprang vp foure-
fcorc yeares after Af»;ifc«»»«>Thefirlt Author thereof was £//^cy^»-/^»« ^l>iihiife»,v.ho
gauc rules to hisDifciples, but left nothing in writing, Aboutan hundred yeares af-
ter came Elharit IbnuEfed, from 'Bagadet,-w\\o left volumes of writings vnto his Dil-
fciplcs: But by the Lawyers was condemned. Fourefcore yeares after, vndcrano*
thcr famous Profeflbur, that Law rcuiued,whohadmanyDifciples and preached o-
penly.But by the Patriarke and Lawyers, they were all condemned to lofe their heads
("the giddic (receptacles of fuch phantafticalldeuotions). Buthcc obtained leauecf
their Chaliph or Patriarch, that he might trie his aflertioni by difputations, \^ ith the
Lawyers whom hce put to filencc. And therefore the lentence was rcuokcd, and ma-
ny C'olledges built for his followers. An hundred yeares after, M^ilicfach the Tuike
def^royed all the maintainers thercof.fome fleeing into Cairo, fome into Arabia. Not
long after, Eigax.z.uli a learned man compounded the controuerfie; fo reconciling
thefc and the Lawyers, that the one fhould be called Cen[cruers, the ottier Rtformers
of the Law. After the Tartars had fa^kcd Bagdat in the yezxeoi \.hcHegeira6'^6.
thcfeSe(5larics fwarmed all ouer Afia and Africa. They would admit none into their
Socictic,but fuch as were learncd,and could defend their opinions : but now they ad-
mit all, affirming S learning to bee needleffc, for //iirHo/yteacheth them that haue a g Anabapti-
eleAKtheart. Therefore they addift themfelues to nothing, but p!cafure,feaf^ing, and fticallfanaes
finging. Sometimes they will rend theirgarments, faying, They arc then rauifhed "^ "'
withafitof diuincloue. Ithinkcratherfupetfluitieof bclly-chcarc is the caufe : tor
one of them will eat as much as will fcrue three, or elfc it is through wicked lufl. For
fometimcs one of the principals with all his Difciples is inuitedto fome marriage
feaft, at the beginning vvhcrcof they will rchearfc their dcuout Orizons and Songs :

but



<^2o Of theK^n^domesof^eJJejc^c. Chap,io,

but after they arc rifen from tabic, the elder begin a dance, and tcare their garments
and if through immoderate drinking any catch a fall, one of the youths prelently take
him vp, and wantonly k.ffe him. Whereupon ari feth the prouerbe,7i# Heremies ban.
ktt, /ignifying, that the fchoUer becomes his maftcrs Minion. For none of them may
marrie, and they are called Heremites.

Among thefe Seds in Fez arc fomc rules efteemcd Heretical!, of both forts of Do-
dors : Some bold that a man by good Workes, Fafling, and Abfiinencc, may at-
taine to the Nature of an Angell,thevnderttanding and heart being thereby fo puri-
fied, fay they, that a man cannot iimic, though he would. But to this height is afccn-
ded by fiftic ftcps ofdifciplinc. And though they fall into finne before they come int»
the Sftieth degree.yct will not God impute it.They vfc flrangc and incredible fadings
in thebeginning.but after,take all the pleasures ofthe world.Thcy haue afcuerc forme
Dfliuingfetdowneinfourebookcs,by acertaiiie learned man, called Effchrauer de
Sehranard inCorafan. I.ikevviftanotherofthcir Authors, called /^«w/Frfr/W, wrote
alibis learning in witticVerfes, full of Allegories, feeming to treat of Loue. Where,
fore one Llfjrgano commented on the fame, and thence gathered the rule and the de-
grees afjrefaid.In three hundred yeares none hath written more elegant Verfes which
therefore theyvfed in all their bankets. They hold that the Hcaucns, Elements, Pla-
nets and Starres, are oneGod, and that no Religion is erroneous, bccaufc eucryone
take^ that which he worfhips, for God.Thcythinkc that all knowledge of God is con-
tained in one man, called Elcorh, eled by God.and wile as he. Fortie, among them are
called £/^«r*^,whichfignificth:2/oc^f/. Of thefeis£/<:c//7or Elcorb c\c&.f:L\, when
the former is dead : threelcore and ten Elc<S:ors make the cboice.There are feuen hua-
dred threcfcoic and flue others,out of whom thofe threefcore and ten EiecSors are cho.
\ jfca. The ruk: of their Order binds them to range vnknowne through the world either
in manner of foolcs, or ofgreat finners, or ofthe vilefl: man that is. Thus foroe wicked
perfons of themgbc vp anddowue naked, fliamcfullyAcwing their fhamc, and like
brute beafls will fometimeshauecarnall desHngswith women in the open ftreets;rc-

h yiiellb.i. putedncuerthelcfleby the common people for Saints, f- ais webau^fhcwedcliiwhere.

tif.l. There is another fort called CaballiHs, which fafi firangely, eat not the flcfli of any li-

uing creature : but haue ccrtaine meatcs and habitcs appointed forcuery houtc of the
day, and o^f the night and ccrtaine fet prayers accordm-» to thedaicsand months,firiiS-
ly obferuing the numbers oftbem,and cary fquare tables with charaflers and numbers
cngraucn in them. They fay that good fpiritsa.ppearc to them, and talke with thein,
jnftru6ting them in the knowledge of all things. There was amongftthem a famot^
Do(ftor, called 'Bmi, which compoled their Ruk and Orders, whofcbookelhauf
fecne, feeming more to fauour of Magickc then rhc Cabala. Their norablelf workes
arecight.Thc hid, called Demonftration of light, contaii>cth faftings andpraycrs.The
fecond,their fquare Tables. The third, focrcfcorcaBdnineteencvcttucsin the name
of God contained, &,c.

They haue another rule among thefe Scufts, called5*«^^,,the rule. oif Heremites -the
Profcflbrs whereof inhabite woods,andfolicarie pi- ccs, without any other -fuflenaQCC
then thofe deferts afford. None can dcfcrihc their lifc,bccaufe they aDe.eftranf cd t«>si
all himaane focietie.

He that would fee more of thcfe things, let him readcitbe book« of one Elefam,
who writeth at large of the Mahumetan Se<fts, whereof are threcliorc and twelue
principall, cac"li maintaining his owne for truth, and thcway tofaluation. Twpaic
moft predominant in thefe dayes ; that of Lt/lMrnn Africa,£gypt, Syria, Arabia, and
Turkic; and the othcrof Imamia in Perfia, and Corafan, mor^ btcly broched. Al-
though rhauefpokcn before ofthe Saracen Sc6ts,yet.could I nQt"but follow Lee intiis

I Gold-finderj reports of themhecrc. As for thofe' Coniurers., which by Art Magicke profcfle to

rnifts^^''^^" ^"''"go''^. which indeed lofc;gold to finde it; and the Alchymifls, which feekipgao
-turne other mettals into g6ld,tupne their gold into ctthcrmetcals, and;the;bookes;that
'both thefe haue of their Sciences : likcwife thcSnak-e-charawrs, and otherbaferpee-
plcjlpaffeouer.

In the Suburbs of Fez arc an hundred andf ftic»Caues,hrwon.cut of cxcf Uent,nMr-

bJe,



Chap.10. AFRICA. Thefixt 'Bdok.e. 61 \



ble the Icaft of which will hold a thoiifand meafurcs of corne. This is the finkc of Fez,
vhcrc cucry one may be a Vintner and a Bavvde, Another Suburbe hath two hundred
families of LepcrSjWhich arc there prouidedfor : and all of that quahtic forced to keep
there.

In new Fez the lewes hauc a fireer, wherein they haue their houfes, flioppcs, and
Synagogues : and arc meruailoufly encreafed fincc they were driuen out of Spaine.
They are Gold-fmithes : for theMahumentans may not bee of that trade, becaufe
they fay it is Vfuric to fell things made of Gold or Siluer for more then their weight,
which yet is permitted to the lewes. They liuc in exceeding contempt, not being
permitted to wcare fhoocs, but in ftead thereof vfe (ockes made of RuHies. They
wearc a blackcTurbant, and if any will weare a Cap, he muft fatten a red cloth there-
unto. They payed to the King of Fez monethly in Leo's time one thoufand and fourc
hundred Duckats.

The Mahumetantcmporall Lords are not by their Law to hold any other rcuen,«c,
then of euery fubicfS: which pofleflcth an hundred Duckats, two and a halfe for Tri-
bute, and of corne the tenth meafureyearely. Yea, this is tobcpaiedinto the Patri-
arch or Califs hand, who fliould bcftow that which lemaineth oucr and aboue the
Princes ncceffitic,on the common profit; as.for the poore,and maintenance of warres.
But now thePrinces haue tyrannized further, cfpecially in Africa,whcrc they haue not
left the people fufficicnr for their needments. And therefore Courtiers are odious (no
leffe then the ?«^/<c<««xfomctimcs among the lewes) no man of credit vouchfafing to
inuite them to their tables, or recciue gifts from them ; eftccming all their goods theft
and bribcric. Nor may any Mahumctan Prince wearc a Diademe, which yet it fccmes
is now broken.

InGualiliaTowneof MountZarhonis/^rAf, ofwhom before is fpokcn,' buried;
all Barbaric religioufly vifitcth his Sepulchre. PhATAo is the name of a Townc, by the
vul^arfuppofcd the worke of Pharao, which fond conceit grew from a booke, enti-
tuled. The booke of the words oi Mahgmet^ taken out of an Author, called Elcalbi,
which faith with (J^tahomctsi^^monic, that there were fourc Kings which ruled all
the world ; Two faithfull, and two vnfaithfull : the two former, Salomon and tAhx-
ander iJMagnus: i\ittvio\zitr, Nimred Hiud Pharao. The Latincinfcriptions, there
fccne, fhcw it was the worke of the Romans. In Pietra Rofla, a Townc by,the Lyons Tame Lionj.
are fo tame thatthey will gather vp bones in the ftreets, the people not fearing them.
The like Lions arc in Guraigura, where one may driuc them away with a ftaffe. At
Agia the Lions arc fo fearcfull, that they will flee at the voice of a childc; whence a co-
ward braggart is proucrbially called a Lion of Agla. Shame is the name of a Caftlc,
fo called of their fliamcfull couetoufncfle ; which, when they once rcqueflcd the King
(then entertained amongfl them) to change, hccconfcnted. But the next morning,
■when they had brought him vcflcls of milke, halfe filled vp with water, hoping the
King would not percciue it, he faid that none could alter nature, and fo left them, and
their name to them.

Wchaucnowpafled twoProuiccsof the Kingdomc of Fez: the third is named
e//^i^<tr, which hath the RiuCrsBuragrag, on the Weft; Bunafar, ontheSouthj the
Ocean, on theNorth; andEaftward,thcMountaines. Heere flandeth Cafar Elcabir,
which King ^4»/i>-gaue to apooreFjfber,whohadgiucnhim kindc entcrtainmenc
in his Cottage one night when he had loft his company in hunting. In it -re many
Temples, one Colledgc of Students, and a flateJyHofpltall. Habat, the fourth pro-
uincc or Shire ofthis Kingdomc, is next hereunto, and containcth almofl: an hundred
miles inlength,andfourefcorc in breadth. Ezaggcn, a Townc ofFez, arc permitted
by an ancientpriuiledgcoftheKingsof Fez todrinkewine, notwithftanding^^j^o-
wf/jprohibition. Arzilla, faith !-<•», was taken by the Englifli, then worfhippers of
Idols.aboutninehundredyearcsaftcrChrifl. The Religion, I thinke, decciucs him.
Headdes, that the Townc remained without habitation thirticyearcs, and then one
of the Mahumctan Patriarches of Cordoua, then Lord of Mauritania, rccdified it. Of
thcaftsofthcEnglifhit is notvnworthy thcrehearfing, i ThatSeutofCcuta (there I T .n'tl/inghim
written Sunt) was taken by the Portugalsjthrough the aflTiftancc of Englifli Merchants, b'ft.Hcn^eip-i-



6ll Of the Kjn^domes of FeJ[e^&c. Chapjo,

ty4». 1415. /«/Mw,theEarlcofScut,broughtthcMooresfirft into Spainc,in the yeare
of the Hegetregz. In it were many TcmpIcs.GoUcdgcs.and learned men. Errif begins
at the Straits of Gibraltar, andftretchcth Eaftward to the Riuer Nocor an hundred
and fortic miles. The Inhabitants arc valiant, but arc exccfliue drinkers. t^cx.emme
and Beiis^ or Vellts ie Gumera, arc chicfe Townes in it. On Mount Benilcrfo was
built a fairc CoUedgc, and the Mahumetan Law publikely taught therein : the Inha.
bitants therefore freed from allcxaftions. A tyrant deflroycd this Collcdgc, and flew
the learned men.The bookes therein were valued worth fourc thoufand duckats. Thii
was A»ne lyop. In Mount Beni Guazeualis aholc, that perpetually caflcthvpfirc*
wood caft in, is fuddenly confumcd to alhcs : fome thinkc it Hell-mouth. In Mount
Bcni Mcfgalda, were maintained many Mahumetan Doctors, and Students, which
would pcrfwade the people to drinkcno Wine, which thcrofclucs will notabftainc
from.

Caret the fixt Shire of this Kingdome, lieth bctwcene the Riuers Melulo and Mul-
uia. The fcuenth is Chsuz, reputed the third part of the Kingdomc,bctwecnc thcRi-
ucrZha andCuruigata. Herein ftandethTczza, adorned with Colledges, Temples,
and Pallaces. A little Riuer fpringing out of j4tlM runnes thorow the chicfe Temple,
which is greater then that at Fez. There are three Colledges, and many Bathes and
Hofpitalis. Each Trade dwcllcth by themfelues, asat Fez. I was acquainted (faith
irojwithan Aged fire in thisCitic, reputed a Saint, and enriched exceedingly with
the peoples offerings. From Fez did the people rcfort to vifit him with their offerings,
which is fiftic miles : he fecmed to mc to be a deceiuer.In Mount "Bern lepteu are ma-
ny iron mines, and the women in great braucrie wearc iron rings on their fingers and
cares. Ham Lifnan wasbuilt by the Africans, and borrowed the name from the Foun-
taine of an Idoll, whofe Temple was neerc the Towne : to which at certaine times in
the yeare refortcd men and women in the night: where, after Sacrifices, the candles
were put out.and each man lay with the woman he firft touched. Thofc women were
forbidden to lye with any other for a yeare after. The children begotten in this adul-
terie, were brought vp by Priefts of the Temple. The Moores dcftroyed this Holy-
Stewes, and the Towne,not Icauing any mention thereof. In Mount Centopozzi are
ancient buildings, and nearc thereto a Ipacious Hole, or drye Pit, with many roomes
therein : they let men downc into the fame by Ropes with lights, which if they goe
out, they perifli in the pit. Therein aremany Bats which ftrike out their lights. In the
Mountaines of Ziz thcreare Serpents fo tame, that at dinner time they will corae like
Dogs and Cats, and gather vp the crums, not offering to hurt any.

Thus much of the Kingdomc of Fez out of L^ (>, a learned Citizen of Fez, and
great Traueller, both in the places and Authors of Africke : whom Orteliiu, iM*gi-
ri! Bi>dix.Mt- ntu, 'Bottrus follow, commended by '" Bodi»Ui,'P<>feHinfu,3nd others, as themoft
AmJoi'dehifi "^*^ Writer of thofe parts, and tranflated into Englifli by Ma(^er7'#W^ from whom
Afparat'jib.ie', '^ -^ fwarue fromdiucrs things, impute it to the Italian Copic oi'^^muftHi, which
fer.7.cap.i. differcth not a little, cfpecially in thefe things I hauc hecre fet downe, from the
Englifh.

I thought good here alfo to adde out ofothers fome fuch cuftomes and rites as they
n Hiftorie of obferue in Fez,and Other parts of this Kingdome " Their Circumcifion is vfed in their
Barbane Jjj.c. prjuate houfes. Women may not enter the Mofchce for their often yncleanneffe, and
bccaufe£«<rfirf^ finned. The eight day after a childe is borne, the Parents fend for a
TtH>jf or Prieft.and fome old men and women, where after a few prayers faid,the v.o.
men wa(h the childe allouer with water, and giue the name, making a banquet. But
fometimes the circumcifion is deferred diuers yeares after this ccremonic, as the Fa-
thers thinke meete.

Their Fafis they obferue very flridtly, not fo much as tafling water till the Stars ap-
peare. Yea, diuers haue becne fcene, by their rigour, in this fupcrftition to faint, and
fome to die. A certaine Moore in the time of their Lent (which continueth thirtie
dayes) in the company of an Englifh Gentleman, being thirftic with heat and traucli,
went to a conduit in Marocco(where the fame religion is profcffcd as in Fez)and there
drinking, was fo reuiled of the people, that in a dclpcratc anguifhhc flew himfelfe

with



Chap.IO. AFRICA, rhefixt'Booke. 6il

with his daggf r. Yet doth their Law allow an exchange fome daycs of this Lent, with
other daycs in the ycare following, if trauell then hinder. Their Fcafts and Fafts arc ac
the fame times, and in the fame manner that the Turkes obferue, of which is before
fpoken. Their Eafter they czWRutpedan -. their Whitfontidc, LidUber : theirMichacI-
maflc, LAfhour : their Candlemzffc, LidfhemAW ; ( if it be lawful! thus to parellel thofc
taine fuperftitions with Chriftian ob(eruations.)In this laft Fcafi,which fccmeth to be
the fame which Leo cals LM^homets birth-day, cuery one muft hauc a candle for him-
fclfc,andforeuery fonncinhishoufe. TheKing hath that day candles carried to him,
fome like May- polcs.othcr like Caftlcs,fix or eight men carrying one of them : fo arti-
ficially compofed.that fotne are in making fix months.That night the King doth hearc
all the Law read : the like is done in all other Churches. The Talby that cannot reade
all their Law in a night;is held infufficient for his place. They go (faith my Author) fix
times in foure and twenty houres, (which is once oftner then is written of the Turkcs,
except on their Sabbath)'to their pray crs,firft wafliing themfclue j,a j they doc alfo af-
ter the officesof Nature, and after company with their wiiies,thinking thereby to be
wafhcd from their finnes. Their times of prayer are, two houres afore day, the firtt ;
when the Monienjax Scxten crieth in the rtceple (as you may reade in our Turkifh re-
lations) and then may no man touch bis wife, but prepare himfelfc to pray (with waHi-
ing or other deuotions)either in his owne houfe or at Church.Aftcr their publike prai-
ersthe T^/^fits downc, and fpcnds halfe an hourc in refoluing the doubts of fuch'
asfliallmoueany queftions in matters of their Law. Thefecondtimcofprayeristwo
houres after.whcn it is; day. The third at noone.Thc fourth at foure of the clock in the
afternoonc. The fift at the twilfght.The laft, two houres after. In the firft of thefe they
pray for the day;iti the fecond they giuc thanks for it;in the third time they giue thanks
forthatitis haifepafled; in the fourth they defire the Sunne may well fct on them; ac
twilight they giue thankes after their daily labours; thclaft time, they defire a good
night. They thinke it vnfeemely to cat meat with their left h»nds,and hold it vndeanc,
and doe all with their right hand. Their Sabbath or Friday is noc exempted from
vvorke : Oncly they arc then more dcuout in going to Church.

Their Churches are not fo faire generally a» in Chriftcndom,iTor hauc feats in them,"
ornamentsjor bels : (only the floores arc matted)they are alfo poore fof th6 moft parrt,
is are their Church-men. Their Lyturgie is very fliort, not fo long as the pAternotltr
and Creedrothcr fet forme they haue not,but cuery oncprayci after his owncplcafurc.



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 122 of 181)