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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 123 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 123 of 181)
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Although the Moore may hauc foure wiues, and as many Concubines as he can pur-
chafe,yet few marry fourc.becaufe the wiues Iriends wil haue a fufficicnt bill of Dow-
rie for her maintenance,which none but richmen can performe : and againe, the wiues
challenge his nights company,and that in courfe : if any bentgledcd,fhe complaines
to the Magiftrate,and he forccth the husband to his dutie,or els to fend her home with
her Dower, and a billofdiiiorcc. The Concubines areembraced with more Itolnc
pleafures. That bill of Dower holdeth the husband in awe, which elfe would make a
flaue of his wife,or ftill change for yongcr flcfli. The Bride is bedded before her huC-
band fee her : and if hee finde her not a Virgin, he may turne her home and keepe hec
portion by law. For their funerall Rites; when one is dead they prefently warfi him,
andfpcedilyputhim into ground (the heat fo requiring) and after that.the women ac
ionuenient times hauc a cuftometo meete, and make memorial] of their deceafcd
friends with remembrance of their vertues, which they tiiin^e caufed men to hauc
more refpeft to their good name.Their other obfequies arc before dcclarcd.Thc King
vleth to lit in ludgement on Fridayes in the afternoonc: and the Mufti fittcth with him
at other tiines inludgeraent : but on the Friday he fits alone by him felfe.Of thefe Muf-
ties arc three; one at Maroccoj another,at Fez ; the third,atTaradant in Su$, another
part of this Seriffian Kingdomc. Other ludgcs fit all the yearc lortg two houres before
noone, and as many after. Before thefe cuery one pleads his owne caufe : and if the
witneiles can be prouedto be infamous of life, or not to fay their prayers fixe times a
day, their teftimony is difablcd. TheScriuanosarc Talbies, which aflift the ludge,
and in his abfence fupply his place. The Fokers or Saints {Let before cals them Here-
tmtcs) dwel in the bcft places of the Countrcy, keep great hofpitality for all trauelkrs,

H h h vvhithet



6Z4



t tottr.firt.t.

MtgtMUt, SMU'

tits lit.i.
b Cotdouah
lethfet of M4-
locco.




Of the Kjngdomes of Maroccop-c* C H a p .i i ,

whither «ny man may come for a night, and be gone in the morning. They giuc great
example of morall liuing, and ahucs to the necdic,compriniifing matters of difference
betwixt parties, and repreffing diforders. They are much loucd and refpeded, and
their houfcs are holden Sanctuaries, whofc priuiledges the King will not breake, but
rpoo waightie rcafons.

C It A r. XI.

0ftf>e Kin^dome of Maracco^with t, Difcourfe $ftht Kings thert'

tftniif theSeriffe^Xmf^ orlmf MdhiipflierttiCi

HorvrdigninginBarhArU.

His Kingdomc is fituatc " bctwecnc Atlas and the Aclantike Ocean,
bearing name of the chiefe Citie thereof: fruitful of cornc,oilc,grapcs,
fugar,hony,and cattell. They make fine cloth of Goats hairc, and of
their hides that lethcr^* which hence is called Marocchine. ThisKing-
domcisdiuidcd intofeuenProuinces, through which we intend our
next Perambulation, taking Let « for our guide : beginningatHea,
which on the North and Weft hath the Ocean, Atlas on the South, and the Riucr Efif«
fiual on the Eaft.The people feed on cakes ofBarlcy ,and on a pappe or hafty-pudding
of Barley-mcale.which being fct in a platter, all theFamily compaflc about,and rude-
ly with Natures fpooncs claw forth thofc daintiei.Napery they vfe none,a mat laid on
tke ground fcrueth for table and cloth,and ftooles too. Capsare the priuiledges of age
and Learning. Linncn fliif t$ are almoft baniflicd their Countrcy : and fo art Arts Li-
bcrall and Mechanical!, except fome fimplc Lawyer which can make fomc fliift to
reade, and a Surgeon to circumeife their children: Their phy lickc is cautcrifing as men
dealc with beafts. They are atlway in mutuall wart one with another, yet will not they
iniuryaftranger,whoif hec would trauell artiongft them^ mufttakc fome harlot or
wife, or religious man, of the aduerfc part with him. At Tedneft, one of their Cities,
fuch rcfpeft is had to ftrangers, That if a Merchant come thither and hath no acqu airti
tancc , the Gentlemen of the Citic caft lots who fliall bee his Hoft, and they vfe him
iindly, looking only for fome present at his departure,in token of thankefulncs. And
if he be a meaner perfon, he may chufe his Hoft without any rccompcnce at all. In the
midft ofthe Citie was a great and ancient Temple, with many Priefl » attending their
deuotions ; befides other meaner Oratories. This Citie hath fincc been ruined and de-
{olate. In Tcculeth were a thoufand houfholds, foure Hofpitals, one beautifull Tcm-
ple.and a houfe of Religious perlbns : deftroyed it wasby the Portugals, y^a.ij^. as
HadecehM^iiA becnc the yeare before. Ileufugaghen is another Towneof Hea,orof
Hell rather , fo ful is it of confufion,bloud,and murthers,bcfidc$ the want of learning,
€iuilitte,Tudgct,Prietts,or whatfoeucr elfe may detaine thofc men from a beaftjy or di-
ucUiftiMetamorphofis. The Scriff,being made a Prince ofHea,brought me thitherto
be a Judge", but for feare of Treafon amongft them,we were glad to Icaue them. lAovi
far off in manners is their neerc neighbour Tefegdclt? Where a guard is fct at the gates
notfo much to keepc out enemies, as to entertaine ftrangers, whom at hisfirft com-
ming they aske if he haue any friends in the Citic : if not,t hey muft prouidc him enter-
tainment at frce-coft. They haue a moft beautiful Templc,furniflied with Priefls.Ta-
gleffe, the next Towne,is a den oftheeues and murtherers. When I was there, fuch a
fwarme of Locufts ouer-fprcad the Countrey , that fcarcc might a man fee the earth,
tating rp their fruits^

Culcihat was built of a ccrtainc Senary in our timc,firft a Preacher, attended with
troupes of Difciples, after, a cruell and mercilefle Tyrant, murthered atlaftbyoneof
his wiues, for lying with her Daughter: and then his villanies being manifcfted, the
people put all his followers to the fword. Onely a Nephew of his fortified himfclfc
inaCaftle, which heeheld maugrcall their might, and burying his Grand-father,
i^aufcd him to be adored a» a Saint. HtmarStatf vvas the n^jc of that Rebcll. The o-

J^ (her



Chap.U. AFRICA. Theftxt'Booke. 61^

thcr parts of Hea are like the former, fome exceeding Hofpitall and courteous, fomC

brutifli without diuinc or humane learning or liuing. Great flore of lewes liuc heere,

and in Mount Demenferaare ofthofelewes which arc called * Carraum, of the reft- d }^arram

accounted Sedaries. Thcfc reicd the Traditions, and hold them oncly to the written Scnptuic-

Scripturcs (as in our lewifti relation yee haue rcad.)In MountGebclclhadih are many I^'^t'-

Hcreniites.vvhich Hue on fruits oftrees,and\vater,fo reputed ofthcfimplepeople, that

all their doings are accounted miracles.

Sus is the fecond Region of this Kingdome, lying Southward from hence on the o-
ther fide ofAtlas.fo called ofthatRiuer which IS the Eafterne border thereof, other-
where bounded with the Sea and the Defcrts. At Mefla nccre the Sea fide is a Temple
holden in great veneration. Many Hiflorians aflirmc,that from this Temple fhall come
that iuftCalifa.of whom yI/*?A«wfrprophecied. There alfo they fay the Whale Vomi-
ted vp lonas.lhc rafters and beamcs ofthe Temple are of Whales Dones,which vfual-
ly are left there dead on the fhore. This the common people eflceme to proceed from
fome Diuiuitie of that Temple : but the true caufe is certaine fharpe Rockes a little off
in the Sea. I my felfe was inuited by a Gentleman.who fhewed me a Whales ribbcjfo
huge, that lying on the ground in manner of an arch,vnder it,as it were thorow a gate,
•we rode on our Camcls,our heads not reaching to touch it. It had bcehe there kept an
hundred yearcs for a wonder. Amber is there found in abundance, which fome thinkei
proceeds from the Whales, as cither the ordure,or the fperme,and feed thereofiTfeijent
isaCity of Sus, vrherein is a great Temple, andanarmeof aRiuer paffeth thorow
the lame, Thcreaie many ludges and Priefls, whomin theirEcclcfiafticall affaires
thtyobey. Tarodant hath three thoufand Families: fometimcs the place where the
Kings Lieutenant orDcputy refideth.Tedfiis much greater.adorned alfo with a Tem-
ple,and futnifiied with Pricfts and Minifters : ludges and Led'iurers payed at the com-
mon charge. In mount Hanchifa it fnowcs in all feafons ofthe yearc, andyctthc In-
habitants goe thinly clothed in the fharpeft Winter.

The Region of Marocco isthrec-fquare: confined wiih themountaines Ncfifs, on
the Wert ; and Hadimeus,on the Eaft; betwcene theRiuers Tenfift,and Efifinuail.The
Countrey in fertilitie of foile refemblcth Lombardie. Marocco (which Ibme thinke to
be BocMHs Uemerm oiPtolemey) was built (faith Lea) by lofefh fonne of Tcffia, King
of the people of Lontuna. It was built by the aduice of excellent Architefls,and cun-
ning worke-men. In the time of Halt fonne of lofeph, there were in it ten thoufand
fires or Families, and more. It had foure and twentic gates : was fcongjy walled : fur-
nifhed with Temples, Bathes, GoUedges, Innes, after the African manner. Onemoft
flateiy Temple was built by Halt,3nd called by his name. But a fucceffor of that King-
dome, called Abdul i^»wf»,caufcd to be razed, and built againe, and called after his
ownc name, howbeit the name ofH^// is ftill continued inthcTitle, all that his coft
not'.vithrtanding. This Abdul Mumen, who was the fecond that by rebellion fuccec-
dedin the Kingdome,builtanotherTemple,which./1</<««'/<'renlargedfiftieyardsor ells
on cuery fide, adorning it with many Pillars fctcht out of Spaine. He made a cifternc
or vault built vndcr it, as large as the Temple it felfe; andcoiiered the Temple with
leadjWith leaden pipes from the roofe,to conuey the raine-watcr that fell thereon,into
thecirterne. Hcbuilt thereon arteepleliketheColifeo or Amphitheatre at Rome, of
great hcwen ftone. The compaffe of this ftteple or tower is an hundred Tufcan yards
or ells.higher then the fteeple of Afenelli at Bononia.Thete are feuen lotts one abouc
anothcr,very faire and iightfome.Vpon the top of this tower is built a little turret,the
top whereof is as a needle or fpirc : and it containcthfiue and twentie yards in com-
paffe,and is as high as two great l3unces,vvith three lofts therein, one higer then the o-
ther. On the top ot this fpire is a broch with three globes of liluer one vnder another,
the greatefi below, and the leaft highert. From the top hereof the mountaines of Aza-
fimaybe ealily feene, an hundred and thirtie miles off: and a tall man on the ground
fcemes as little as a childe ofa yeare old. The plaine Country fifty miles about is hence
difcerned.lt is one of the greate(t temples in the world; & yet not frequented; the peo-
ple affcmbling thither to their deuotions,but on fridaiesrthe city it fe'f neere this tem-
ple is ruinat, fo that the paffage is difficulcby the mines of houfes. Vndertheporch

H h h a . or



#



6l6



Of the K^ngdomes of Maroccojcs-c- C h a p .i i .



f An.Di)m.i^i6



or galkrie of this Temple were fometimes an hundred fhoppes of Booke-fellers, and
asmany ouer-againft them, but now f there is not one inallMarocCo : Scarcely is
the third part of the Cine inhabited : the reft being planted with Vines and trees, the
Arabians not fufferingthcmto cxcrcife any husbandrie without their wallcs. It was
built A»na 424. of the Hegira. After lofefh the Founder, and Hali his fonnc, Abrtu
ham fucceeded, in whofc time, a rebellious Preacher called Elmahclt , borne and
brought vp in the mountaines, rebelled : and with an armie encountred King tA bra-
ham, and ouerthrew him. The King fled, and was fo hardly purfued by Abdul (J^u-
»»f», whom £/»»<«'5'f/« had fent after him, whiles himfelfe befieged Marocco, thatthc
poore King in danger to be furprizcd at Oram, mounting on his horfe, and taking his
wife behiiide him, fet fpurres to his hor(e, and fo came all three downc together on the
mercileflerockes. eyibdulMHrnen returning viilor^ous, found this addition to his
happineffe, that Elmahelt was dead, and himfelfe waschofcn Kingand Prelate (or
Chalipha)bytheforticDifciple$, and ten Secretaries of Llmaheh, anewcuftomein
the Mahumetan Law.' Hemaintained theficge, andattheyearescnd,cntredbyforce,
andtooke//«4(r, the little and onelyfonne of a^^r^/j^Tw, and ftabbcd himwithhis
ownehands, killing moft of the fouldiers he there found, and many of the Citizens.
His pofteritieraigned after him, from y^«/;<» 5 16. ofthe//<'^r)r^,to the 668. atwhich
timetheFamily of cJWWnwdcpriuedthem, in which the Kmgdome continued till the
78 5.yeare. Then the fame decreafing in power, Marocco became fubieitto certainc
Lords ofthc old hill, neere to the Citic. But of none receiucd they To much damage,
as of the Marin Family, which held their court in Fez, and had a Lieutenant onely in
Marocco ; Fczbeing made chiefe Citie of Mauritania.

Letmeborrowof Cdli.Sec. 6 C^noinhisHiftorieof the Kin gdome of Marocco,
which (for the moft part) is taken out of Lfc. He faith, i\izx. Abdul A'lumeniuhye&it^
to his Empire all Barbary,from Mefla to Tripolis;his Empire in Africa comprehending
fourefcore and ten dayes iorney in length, and fifteene in brcadth.He alfo poffcffed the
Kingdom of Granada in Spaine/ometime called Betica.iinA from Tariffa to Tarracon,
and a great part of Caftilia & Portugajl. Neither had he alone this large Empire, but
bis ^ fonne lofifptu, after him, 7<«fo^«/Af4»/«>' his Nephew, and their poftcritie, till
Mahumet Enafir,vi\\o,An>io 1 2 1 2. in the Kingdome of Valencia was ouerthrownc of
Alpbonftuyis 1 take it)the ninth King^of Caftile,in that place which is called Las naftas
diTolofa; lofinginthc battellthreefcorc thoufand men. In memory ©f which battell
and viti^ory, that a/^//)W/«^ adorned his Scutchion with a Caftic Or, in a field pur-
ple : which cuttomc his fucceflbrs doe ftill obferue.becaufe that day that golden King-
donie,as a ftrong Caftle, confirmed to him by the bloud of his enemies, was deliuered
fiom thofe mifcreants. And thereupon that Kingdome ofthe Baftitanes (lo it was be-
fore that time ftiled) was intituled Caftilc.Moreoucr,he inftituted that Knightly Order
of Saint lames, who haue in their habite purtrayed a purple fvvord,in token of bloud.
This (^ahumet om Hiftorians aWMtramuhnM. For v4W«/yl/«OTf« intituled him-

^__ _ ^ _ _ _^ felfe Aitralmumin,i\\t name lignifying,Thc Prince of beleeuers,which others corrup-

]y fucceeding. i\QS,,ct\\ Mtramulm, as they did him Abed Ramon. Howfocuer it ftandeth for the
name and armes of Caftilejcertainly Curio was not curious,nor carefull enough in ad-
din",that this Abdul Mumen was in the time olRodericm the Gottifti King, about fe-
uen hundred yeares after Chrift,as alfo in hisSaracenicall Hiftorie he relateth, and we
before haue obferued, feeing that Marocco was long after built, and diuers hundreths
of years were intcrpofcd betwixt Rodericus, znd this Abdul Mumen^Cnrto herein ' dif-
fering not only from Lto, his beft guide in the reft of his Hiftory,but from himfelfe, as
will eafily appeare to any that lift to compare his Saracenicall Hiftory with the Maro-
chian. And for that notable vii'tory againft the Mooit%,Rodericus Archbiftiop of Tole-
do was there prefent ^ in the field,and faith that the King ware a blackeCap, which
had belonged to Abdul Mumen, the firft ofthe Almehades, and had by him the Alca-
ion.Th\s Abdelmon on Abdd Mumenvnis (he writeth)thefonneof aPotter,to whom
AHeKtunserth,3 great Aftronomer, foretold hisRoyaltie. Toth\sAuentumertb ' did
one v4/woJ!;4«<i ioyne himfelfe, who interpreted the Alcaroncontrarietothe Bagdat
' '°' *t^ Catholocifiiic,and the interpretations of the AlmorauuUs which then ruled in Africa ;



g Ul Src.cmo
derejpa Mil'



h Lit reckons
them in this
Order. Ahtlul.
Jofeph Miifur,
Jacob Manfir,
and this Maho-
met Bihifr :
whereas Cnrio
fecraes to infi-
nuate a longer
Ime of Pofte-
ritic: thefc be-
ing all,difedly
andimmediac



i Curios fault
anfing from
confounding
the Hiftories
oi AbcdRtmon
tin^ Abdul Mil'
men, whiih li-
uedlome Cen-
turies of years
after the for-
mer.

k Rod.Tol.de
reh. Hi(pM.ltb.
i.caf)
i Lib.



<f.



Ckap.I1. AFRICA. Thefixt'Booke. 6%7



whofe helpe Abdeh'icA to obtainc the K'ngdomc both of Africaand Spaine. He bu-
ried Ainiohadi. being (icad, very Roy ally, not farrc from Marocco, where hee is had in
grcJt veneration, and prayers made to him : and the followers of his fefl called of him
^ ItKoh a dls. To Abdd Aitimen(\icccAc6 his Sonne ^uen lAc*b,-w\\o being flaineia
Portugall , his Broihertyiveniuffph fucccedcd ; and then his Sonne, this &/^«<»»
Mahomath-^ with whm*, hee faith were flainc two hundred thoufand Moorcs, the alikS.f/Tp.io
carkafles lying fo thicke, that they could fcarce ride ouer them; and yet in all the field
no figne of b!oud to bee fcene. For two dayc» fpace the Spanifh Armie burnt no wood
for any vfe but the Arrowes, Launces and Pikes of the Moores , burning of purpofc,
and not only for necefiicic;and yet fcarcely consumed halfe.Wich him periftied tht Al-
mchadcs. Thui farre %pdtritui an eyc-witncffe, not much differing from Leo.

Icannot omit tha; which ^/(tr^^wTi^rw I' hath written of /cAwKingofEnglanda- ^Mitfarm
bout ihefe t imcs, and in his owne daycs. He fent, faith hee, Thomas Herdwton .^ndR/i- ^''^•"'•P»m .
du/ph Fitz, N iCsLts KWi^ts,2itd Rohrt oi London Clarke, toAdmirall Afurmelim,
King of Marocco, Africa, and Spaine, whom they commonly call Miramymeliw, to
make offer vnco hiiiiofhisVaflallage, and that hee would not onely holdethe Land
of him with payu.ent of Tribute, but would alfo change his Religion, and accept the
Mahumetan. The Err.bafTadourshauing declared their meffage , theKing (toiEmire
a/mfimeni'n to C3.\ih]m r:ghcly)flvjtvp the Booke whereon they found him reading,
and after a little deliberation, thus anfwered. I wasnowreadirrgaGreekeBookeofa
ccrtaiiie wile msr, and a Chnftan.. called Paul , whofc words and deedes well pleafc
mec; this cnely Hike not, chat hee forfooke the Religion wherein he was borne, and
vnconlfantlycir braced another: and the fame I fay of yourMafler. God Almigh-
tieknowcs that if I were without the Law and now to chufc , this aboue all other
ftiould berry choife. And then.byducrsqueftionsenforminghimfelfc better of the
ftate of the K.ng lome and of the King, he grew into great pafTion and indignation a-
gainft the King protcfting that he thought him vnworthic to bee hi: confederate, and
comniaunded the Embafladours neuer more to fee his face. The Authour heard Robert
of London, one of thofe which were fc nt, relate thefe things.

ButtoretiirictoourMarocchian buildings. In it is a great Cafile, in the middes
whereofis a fairc Temple, and thereon a goodly Tower , and on the toppe of the
fame ?n iron broch , with three Golden Globes weighing a hundred a>id thirtie
thoufand Barbarie Duckats, in forme like thofe before mentioned. Diucrs Kin^s haue
gone about to take downc the fame, but alway fomc ftrarge trisfortune hath befainc
them, whereby they haue beene forced to leaue their attempt. Infomuch that it
is holden a ligne of ill lucke to take them from thence. The vulgar conceit is , that
fame influence of the Planets is caufe hereof And aifo that fhee that fet them there,
byA.tMagickcinchanted ceitainefpiiits toapepctuall Station there f)r to guard
them. The people indeed arc the fpirits which in our time kept the Kings fingers
from them, who elfe would haue aducnturcd all thofe phantafied dangers to haue
pofTefTed himlelfe of the Golde foi his Warres againft the Portugoles. The Wife of
King t^mfar is reported to h-.uc fet them there as a Monument of her memorie, ha-
wing (old he lewcls to purchafc them. Mrtanm <' RomanHs fayth that the Talofi Nu- ^ ^^^ ^.
hiidian?, and al Barbai ie come to Maroceo,to ftudie and learnc Grammer, Poetry, A- vrbmml" ^'
firologie.and the Lawes. There is alfo in the faid Caftic a College for thereceit of Stu-
dents, which hath thirtie Chambers, and beneath, a fpacious Hall, where in old times
Ledures were read : and all the Students had their expences allowed them, and ray-
ment once a yeare:and the Readers for their f^ipend had.fome a hundred Duckats,fome
two hundred, according to the qualitic of their profelTion. No man might bee admit-
ted into that College which was not wel inftrufled in the principles of Arts.The excel-
lencie of the matter and workmanfhip might well detaine vs longer in the view ther*
of,but that it is now rather become a Sepulcher of Sciences,then a Thcater,thete bein<^
not abovie flue Students vnder a fenfclefie ProfelTour, left m Z,foV time , astheghofts
of thofe fometimes renowned numbers of Schollars.There were built alfo by Manfor
tweluc (lately Pallaces in the faid Caftle, for his Guard,Officcts, Armories, and ether
purpofes fitting both Mars and Ventu. There were alfo goodly and fpacious Gar-

Hhh 3 dens.



6is Ofthe IQn^domeofMarocco,i^c. Chap,ii.

dens, and a Pai kc with many kinds of wildc bcafls, as GirafFas.Lyons, Elephants, &c.
There was a Leopard made of Marble, the fpots not borrowed , but Natures handi-
workc. But alafic.Deuouring Time, thatCwallowcth his owne cfF-fpring,wasnot
content to haue inglutted his infatiablepaunch with the flcfh ofthofc bcalls.and men
brandcdwithNaturcsftampeofmortalitiejbutcucn thofe curious and coftly ftoncs
are now hccomcgraucjioncs to themfdues prouoking the beholders at once to com-
pafiion and amazement; the Reliqucs oflaborious Art flill contending with Time , to
tcflifie what gtcater excellence hath been.Thc Garden is now become the Citie duno-
hill, the Libraric io flced of Bookes is furniflied with ncfts of Doues, and other foulcs.
That ouerthrow which (^ahomet\.\\t Kingof Marocco receiued in Spainc , was ihe
occafion of the ruine of that Family ,which was furthred by his death, leauing bchinde
him ten fones which contended amongft thcmfelues for the Kingdome, and flew one
another. Hereupon the people of Marin, cntred into Fez , and pofleffcd themfclues of
that Kingdome : the Habduluad Nation fcized on the Kingdome of Telenlin , and re-
mouing the Goucrnour of Tunis made whom they pleafed King. After the ruine of
Msnfers progenie, the Kingdome was tranflatcd to lacthy fonne to Hahdidach , firft
King of the c3^'«r«» Family. LalHy this Kingdome declining, the Arabians bycon-
tinuall outrages haue further diftrclfed it, forcing the peopieto what pieafcd them.
Thus far Leo : who faw not the influence of a Starre, euen in his day es,in his eyes, and
of his acquaintance, arifing, which after in his exaltation brought a new alteration to
Marocco,(rcftoring it to the former (plendour)3nd all thofe parts of Barbarie.I meane
the Scriffo, a name vfually giuen vnto fuch as prokfTe thcmlelues defcended of Ma-
htmets kindred, from whence alio this we fpeakc of dcriued his Pedcgrcc.Thc Hifto-
rie I thinkc heere worthie to be infcrted:the rather becaufe this Weflcrne flarrc is now
declining, and by his fieri f g/eamet, fecmcs to bcc nccrc hii fetting. And thus in effcft
doth 'Bttertu » relate the fame.
»G,t.i.fart.i^ About the yeare i jo8 began to grow in namc,throughNumidia,a certain Alfaique,
M.Pflry anrthe ^°^"*^ '" Tigumedet in'the Prouince of Dara,bcing a fubtle man, & no Icfic ambitious
Dcfcription of in mind,then learned in thofe Sciences,whcrcunto the Mahumctans arc moft addi(Sed.
the world hath He, by confidence of his bloud (dcfcendedoftheir Prophet) and of the diuifionsof
tranflatcd die the Statesof Africa, andtheexploits thciedaily atchicued by thePortuga'esatteirp-
Iame, jg^ jQ make himfelfc Lord of Mauritania Tingitana. For this caufc hee lent his three
fonnes Abdel,Al>net,ir\dM*h\oy\C\ti\\eScJ^u\i.\\ttofAi.ihomet. Muih wasthereuc-
rencc and reputation ofhoHnefTe, which they hereby acquired amongfl that fupcrfti-
tious people, which now beheld them as Saints, and kifled their g3 rments as mcf^ ho-
ly reliques. Thcfe failed not in their parts of the play to ail; as much dcuction, as high
contemplatiue lookes, deep-fetched I'ghs, and other psfTionate interiedions of holi-
nefle could exprefl'c. -^/<«,^/4, was their ycinfull note , their foode was thepcoples
almes.Theold Father ioying to fee hi< proiefts thus tar proceed, and minding to ftrike
whiles the Iron was hot, fent two of them to Fez; Amet, and M^hunut where one of
them was made Reader in the Amodor4ccia,ihe mofl famous Colledgc of Fcz,and the
yongcr was made Tutor to the Kings yong fonnes. Aduanccd thus in fauour of the king
and Pcople.by their fathers aduife,they apprehended the prcfent occafion of the harms
fuflained by the Arabians and Mores vnder the Portugales Enfignes : they demanded



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 123 of 181)