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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 125 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 125 of 181)
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for the common good of Agmet, andMarocco. TheRiuer runneth ( as is thought}
to Marocco vndcr the ground ; whch fccret paflageis attributed to the wizardsof /#-
yfp^,founderofMarocco,lcftthe water-courfe fhould be cutofffrom the Citie. This
fruitfull Agmet in L«V time was peopled onely with Foxes andwildebeafts, fauing
that a certaine Hcrcmite held the Caflle,with a hundred of his Difciples.

The " moiintaines are very rudc,according to their rough and colde places of habi- x The nioun-
tation.many of them couered continually with fnow. In Nififa they gaze and wonder caines ofMa-
at ftrangcrs : in Semcde they forced Le» to play the ludge and Notarie ( accepting no i""**
excufe) eight daycs; and then fet him in a Church porch, and after a certaine prayer
prcfented thcmfeluei with their prefents before him, Cockcs, Hennes, Nuts, Garlike ;
and fome ofthe better fort,a Goate, which all hcc gaue to his Hoft .• money they had
none for him. In Sccfina there is at all times ofthe yeare,fnovv. There are many great
Caues,whcrein they winter their beafti,inNoueinbcr,Ianuarie, and Februarie, They

wearc






<$|5 of the Jrahians and naturall Africans yi^t, Chap.U,

wcare no fhooes.but certaine fandals, and arc luftic men at ninety or a hundred years
oldc. TcmncUa is an hercticall hill and townc,which hath a fairc Temple. They arc
oiEimtiheU his fc(it,and challenge any fttanger which comes amongft thctn to difpute.
jfCarralna ihHanteraarcmany lewcsofthc yC4rrrf»»wfe£t.

lewes. fhe fourth Region of this Kingdom is Guzzula.confining with the hill Ilda on the

WeftjAtlasontheNorthjHeaontheEaft. Thcyhaucno walled towncs , but great
villages : neyther haue they King or gouernor ; the caufe of ciuill wars amongft them:
yet do they obfcruc three daycs In a weeke truce, when euery man may trauell or bar-
ter fafely. A certaine Hercmite, who was reputed a Saint , was author of this three
dayes truce in each weeke. Hehadbutonc eye. 1 my felfe, faith Lw, law himaad
found him to bctrufty,courtcous,and liberal!.

Duccala the fifth Region lycth betweenc Tcnfift and the Qcein^Hahib and OmirA-
hih. At Ataphi the Prince was (in Lf#'/titnc)murthered at Church, while he was in
his dcuotions.by a fubiedljwho was chbfen gouemour ; but the Portugals obtained
the place. Azamur.aCitic exceedingly addided to Sodomie, was alfo punifhcdwith
Portugall flauery,and moft of the countrcy thereabouts. In the hill called Greene-hill
iiucmany Heremitcs, of the fruits onely there growing. Hcercaic many Altars and
Saints after the Mahumetan fafliion.

Ma()umftK\ngo(Fcz,in the yearc of out Lord one thoufand fiuc hundred and
twclucpaflcd this way with his Armic, & at cuery Altar made a ftand,|and there knce-
ling.would thus fay ; My God,thou knowert that my intent of comming to this wildc
flacc.is only to helpe and free the people of Duccala from the wicked and rebellious
Arabians.and from our cruell enemies the Chriftians: and if thou dooft not approue
it, let thy fcourgc light oncly on my pcrfon ; for thefe people that follow me defcruc
notiobepunilhed. Hence he fent me Ambaffadorto Marocco.

Hafcora the fixt Region ofMarocco.isfituatebetweene the RiuerTenfift and Qija-
dclhabid. Alcmdin in Hafcora was conquered to the king of Fez by a merchant.whofc
Paramour the Prince had taken away ; for which adultery he was by the Judges con.
demned to be ftoncd.The Prince of Temcencs was fo addidled to Arabian Poetry-.that
he gaue Le»,then a youth of fixteene years olde , fiftie ducats for certain verfes he had
madeinhispraife, and twice as much he fent to his Vnde for the fame, with a Horfc
and three flaues.

Tedles is the feuenthProuincc of this Kingdom, lying bctwcene Guadelhabid and

Ommirabih. Tcfia the chitfe townc is beautified with many Temples,and hath ftore

ofPricfts. The towne-walls arc built ofakinde of marble called Tefza, which gauc

name to the towne. Mount Dcdes is in this Prouincc , v. here the people(for the moft

part) dwell in Caues vndcr the ground : they haue neyther ludges nor Priefts, nor ho-

neft men among them. For other places.if any thinkc vs not itiorc than tedious alrca-

die,let them refort to Le«,whom all follow in their relations of thefc parts. When a-

y, ^. ny Chriftian » will turne Moore, it is their cuftome to fignifie it to the Chriftians in

t QfKuhin thofepartcs: and in place and time appointed an eqUall number ofboth forts, being

•flcmbled, and fitting the one ouer againftthc other, thepartiein the middle and

ptcfence ofboth is demaunded of which he will be, and the Chriftians may vfe what

arguments they can to diflwade him : which is done three feuerall times. Thiisdid one

ofourNation,whohauing thus killed his owncfouic, after murthered anothersbo-

die,and was therforc adiudgcd to wander like C</»,uonc relicuing him,in which ftatc

he pined and died.

C H A p. X I f.

OftheArahUtis and natural/ yfjrtcans landef the beginnings and proceedingjefthe
Mahumetan fuftrfittion in Afrua: efthe Penugals forces
and exfloits therein.
lAuingoftcnmentioned the Arabians in our former Chapters, itlecmeifit
j to fpcakc fomewhat of the comming of that Nation, and their religion.in-
to Africa from the Eaft, as alfo of the armes of the Portugals (before often
fpokcn of) which from the Weft haue made forae imprcffionsin thefe

parts.




C H A p. 1 2. AFRICA. Theftxt 'Booke. 63 5

parts. The Arabian Mahuitictirme, cuenalmoft in the infancie thereof, pierced into

Africa,* in the ycarc of our Lord d^y. Omar iniiaded Egypt, and Odmnn in the yeare a ch-oml.Aug.

6 jo.pafled further with fourefcort thoufand fighting mcn.and defeated (jregorim Pa- f'Vtactn&-

/r«-//</, and impofing a tribute on the Africans departed. In L(rw/;'«*time,iri the yeare p^plw .,f""

^^SThey inuadeandpofleflc Africa,and appoint Goucrnors of their own: in the year q jj B.i.part',

7io.they pierced into Numidia and Libya,and ouerthrew the Azanaghi,and the pco- Ul/.z.

pleofGalata.OdenandTombutoJnpy^: hauingpafTcdCamben , they infcded the

Negros and the firft that dranke of their poy fon,vverc thofc of Melli In the yeare 1067

Jaiaia fonnc of ey1t>al?e<^uei;entred into the lower Ethiopia, and by little and little in-

fefted thole people which confine vpon the defarts of Libya and the reft, and pierced

Into Nubia and Guinea.

CenfiMtittHi the Etnpercut'' among theProuincesor great Amera-fliips/ubieft to b Cortfl.Porphy-
thcSaracens.numbrcth Africa for one: thcnumberand order whereof hee hath tran* rogcmm dc ad-
fcribed from Theoph4nes,inA 1 heere from him. The f^rft ofthefe was Perfia or Cho- f^'^XC^"*
rofTan ; the fccond,Egypt; the third, Africa ; the fourth.Philifticm or Rhamble j the vSi 'inftorklcal'lj.
Damafcusjthefixt, Cha(|pps or Emcfia; thefeuenth, Chalep; the eight, Antiochia;
the ninth.Charan ; the tenth,Emct ; the cleucnth, Efipe ; the twelfth, Mufel ; the thir-
teenth.Ticrit, But when as Africa fhookcoffthe yoke of the iArr.eKOi cf Bagdad.and
had dn Amera of her owne,aftcrwards by occafion of the wcakcnefle of the Amera of
Bagdad, the Amera of Perfia or Chorafan freed himfelfe alfo,and called himfelfe Ame^
r«w«f/, wcaringthe Alcoran hangingdowne his necke in Tables like achaine,and
faithhcisofthckindrcdof^/ew.'and the Amera of Egypt (to whom the Amera of
Arabia/i£/«;t,had alway bin fubicdl) became alfo his ownC man, calling himfelfe Amc-
rumms^and deriuing hispedigree from Alem. This as it giues light to the Saracen Hi-
ftorie in generall,fo it fhcweth the greatneflfe of the Arabian or Saraccnicall power in
A'frica,\vliere firfl they made head againft their mafters, in the time as is faid before of
Elan lib then Deputy or Amera in Cairaoan.whofc example became a Prcfidcnt to the
Amerns of Perfia and Egypt : and(which is more to our prefent purpofe) was occafion
of further fpreading their fupcrflition through Africa;the fountaine or linke therof be-
ing now not farre off in Damafco or Bagdad,but in the hart of Africa,Satan there cha-
fing />»/T/;ro»e for thcfc his Vicars or Chalipha's (for fo the word, faith « Sca/igerfjg- c lof.ScaLcan,
nihcth) which as you haue heard, were too f'ithfuil in that their infidelitie. And be- Jfmog.l.^.ch.':.
caufc I haue mentioned ^crfZ/j^cr/ interpretation of the word Chalipha^it fliould not be ''Z*'^^ ^fl P^tcmi.
«miffe to adde out ofthe fame place.that the firft Gouernors or Generals iiizx Mahii- ^^W^" »"«'""'.
mit(or as he calls him Mirhammed)weic called Emirelniumenm, that is.Captains of the „„» Mubamme .
Orthcdox or right belecuers. Afterwards, becaufc vndcr colour of Religion , they demmumpoti-
fought,notonely aPriefHy Primacie,butatyrannicall Monarchic, they chofe rather tiru>it,qi!i(i-
tobc called Chalipha. The firft EmirelmHmenin was i/1hnhechtr. When his fuccef- diisimi&hu'
fors fent their Lieutenants into Africa and Spainc, they gouerned a while vnder them, ""'"* i''^'^" •
doing all in the nameof the ^w«r</w«W(r»»«, although nothing in a manner butaTi-
ile was wanting of the fulneffe of power to themfclues. But after, they entitled them-
fclues E/mire Elmumcnin^nnA of Deputies became Kings : which was done by the pe-
tite Kings of Spainc, and the Gouernours of Africa. And now the Kingof Marocco
and FcfTe vfcth it. Font is not a proper rramc, but as the French King is called Chri.
7?M»'j^ww,andthcSpanifli Catheltctu. Thus farre Scaltgev. which fcrueth asa gloffe
for tliol'e former names oi Amcra^Amerumttes, Chalifha^Mirc.muldinfu, and many o«
thcr hence corrupted.

The meanes ofthefe and other Saracens enlarging their Sedt haue beene principal-
ly by Armcs t and where they were not of force,by traffique end preaching,<i as on the A About 100.
other fide ofEchiopia,eueiTtoC<«^o^#/oiC«n'i?»rw in the kingdoms of MegadazcMe- yeares after
linde,Mombazza,Quiloa,and Mofambique, befidcs the Hands of Saint Laurence^ind ^}^f^^^^ °f,
others. But the greatcflmifchiefe that hapncd to A^'rica, by the Arabians, was about BarbaTie'was
the foure hundrcth yeare of the Hegeira. For before that time, the Mahumetan Chali- infected with
pha's.orAmera's, had forbidden the Arabians to pafle oucrNiluswith their tents and that' peftilece,'
families, that fo the Countrcy was ftill peopled by the auncient Inhabitants, howfoe- ^^"''^•W
ucrit was gouerned by them. For fuch multitudes of vnbridlcd and barbarous nations

I i i were



6:^6 Of the Arabians and naturall Africans /ff-c, C n a p. 12.

were not likely to proue dutifull fubieils to the Empire. About that time, one E/cain
the fchifmati call Califi ofCairaoarijaa is before in part (liewedihauing by his General
Gehoar conquered all the wcfternc parts^as farre as Sus, employed the fame mans va-
lour for the conqucft ofthe Eaft.And Egypt being now together with Syria fubdued-
£/c4«»himfelfe feeing the Calipha ofBagdet,TDade no preparation towithftand him'
by the aduice oigehoar(\N\\\.c\\ at that timefounded Cairo) pafled into Egypt , thin,
king to inuefthimfelfc with the Saracenicall foueraigntie , committing thegouernc-
ment of Barbary to a Prince ofthe Tribe Zanha^ia , who in this abfence of his Lorde
compafled with the ChaliphaofBagdet.and acknowledged his Title in Barbarie,rc-
ceiuing in reward of his treafon from that Bagdet Prelate the Kingdome of Africa. £/-
cam hailing loft his morfell to fnatch at a fliadow, was in great perplexity what courfe
to take,tillaCounfellerbfhis perfwaded him that he might gather great fummesof
golde, ifhec would let the Arabians haue free libcrtyto pafl'c through Egypt into
Africa.'which , thoughhecknew , that they would fo waft it by their fpoylesasit
fliould remainc vnprofitablc.both to himfclfe,and his enemies,yct incited by two ve-
hement OratorsjCouetoufiies and Rcuenge,at laft he gran*d. And permitted all Ara-
bians which woul d pay him ducats a picce/recly to pane,receiuing their promife,that
they would become deadly enemies to the Rebel of Cairaoan.Whcreupon ten Tribes
or kindreds ofthe Arabians (halfethepeople of Arabia <^<'/<rrf4) andamultitudealfo
out of Arabia/tf/x.v (as writeth !(>»» Rachu,z famous Hiftorian.out of whom Leo hath
drawne a great part of his African Hiftorie ) accepted the condition , and paflin" the
defaitSjthcytookeTripolis.facked Capes, and after eight monethsfiege,cntredinto
Cairaoan.fiUing with bloud,andemptying with fpoyle, all the places where ihey pre-
uailed. Thus did thefe kindreds of Arabians fettle thcinfclucs in thele parts , and for-
ced the Prouinces adia^cnt to tribute : and remained Lords of Africa till lofe^h foun-
ded Maroceo.who ayded ihcpofteriticof the rebel againft thsm^and brake their yoke
from the Cities tributane.

But CManfor the fourth King and Calipha of the Sev5^ of yWrfflrfc Ww,begunne,a$ is
faid, by£/»?;iA(r/« and v^^<;/«/^«wf«, preferred the Arabians, and induced them to
make warre vpon thofetheir enemies, whom eafily they conquered. He alfo brought
all thechiefc and principall ofthe Arabians into the Wcfterne Kingdoms,and alTi^ned
them more noble places for habitation,to wit, the Prooinces of Duccala and Azgar :
to thofeofmeane condition he appointed Numidia, which atfirftwcre, as it were,
flaues to the Numidians, but after recouered their liberty, and obtained the dominion
of that part of Numidia afligned themjCuery day encrealing in power:thofe which in-
habited Azgara and other places in Mauritania, were all brought into fcruitude. For
the Arabians out ofthe defarts,arc as Fifties out ofthe water. Atlas ou the one fide,
and the other Arabians on the other fide, fuffciedthem not topaflcinto thedefarts,
and therefore they layeddowne their pride, andapplyed thcmfcluesto husbandrie,
dwelling in thcirTents.and paying yearely tributes to the Kings of Mauritania, from
which thofcofDuccala, by reafonoftheir multitudes were free. Many Arabians re»
maynedftill in Tunis, which, after ^4»yor/ death, they tooke and made themlelues
Lords ofthe Regions adioyning ; where fome ofthem bare great fway till Leo's time:
the other depriued of their wonted pay at Tunis,commit ted great robberies & flaugh-
ters of Merchants and trauellers.

The Arabians.which inhabited Africa, are diuidcd into three peoples , Hilell, and
Chachin,whicharcfaidto dcfcend of//7w<«r/,therefore by theMahumctanseftcemcd
more noble: the third IS termed Machill, deriued from Saba, snd came thither out
of Arabia Falix. The diuifions and fubdiuifions ofthefe into their feuerall Tribes and
Families, which Z-iro hath done, would perhaps to our nicer Readers feemebutan
harftiheapeofftrange names, and for theirfakesl will referre thcftudious hereofto
that our Author.

The Tribe Etheg.whichJ/dw/ir placed in Duccala, and in the Plaincs of Tedles,
in later times fuffcrcd much damage by the Portugalls on the one fide , and theKing*
ofFez on the other : they are about one hundred thoufand men of warrc, halfe horfc-
mca. The Sumaitcs in the defarts ncerc Tripolis can a;me fourefcorc thoufand men .•

Sahtd



Chap.12. AFRICA. Thefixt'Booke. 6^



5*?/&<WintheDer3rtsofLibya, can bring into the field almoftan hundred andfifcic
thoufand of their Tribe, The %iche are not rich, but in agilitie of body miraculous,
and account it a (hamc if one of their footmen be vanquiflied of two horfemen ; nor is
any amongft them fo flow that he will not outgoe any the fwiftcft horfe, be the iour-
ncy neuer fo long. The Voie dwell betwecne Gualata and Guadin.and arc efteemed
about threefcorc thoufand warriours. The other kindreds of them are exceeding ma-
ny,di(perfed through Africa.fome-wherecommaunding, other-where fubietft. Antl
as they liue in diners places, fo doc they obferuc differing cuftomes. Thofe which doe
dwell betweene Numidia and Libya liue mifcrably : they make merchandifc of their
Camels with the Ncgros,and haue many Horfes in Europe , termed Horfes of Barba-
ric, They are much addifted to Poctrie,3nd make long Poems of their warrcs , hun-
tings,and loues, with great elegance.and ihat in rithme,like the vulgar Italian fonncts.
They are (the dcftiny of Poets) curteous,but poore The Arabian inhabitants between
Atlas and the Sea, are more rich in come and cattell, but more bafc and barbarous in
conditions. Amongft the Arabians neere Tunisia good Poet is highly efteemed, and
amply rewarded of their great men.neither can the ncatnes and grace of their verfc ea-
fily be cxprericd.When they go to warre they carry their wiues with them on camels,
and that (to make vp the wonder) to incouragc thcm.The Arabians between Barbary
and Egypt leade a wretched life in thofe barren defart$,forced,not oncly to exchange
their cattell for corne.but to pawne their fons in great numbers to the Sici iians, who if
they breake day,makc flaues of them : and therfore they cxercife all robberies, and fell
any ftranger (they can lay holde on) to the Sicilians for corne.

Now for the naturall and natiue Inhabitants of Africa,the white rncn (fp they arc in
comparifon of the Negros) are diuided into Hue peoples,Sanhagia,Mufmuda,Zehcta,
Haoara, and G umera. The Mufmuda inhabite the regions of Hea, Sus, Guzula, and
Marocco.Gumera inhabiteththcMountaines alongftthc Mediterranean, from the
Streits to Tremizen.Thefe two dwell feueredfrom the othcrs,and maintainc continual
warres one with another.As Authors fay,they were wont to hauc tents, and the wide
fields for their habitation.and thofe that were conqucred,wcre lent to inhabite Cities,,
the Conquerers were Lords of the frelds. The Tribes or Peoples Zeneta, Haoara, and
Sanhagia.inhabitcTcmefne. The Zeneti chafed the family of Idris from the dominion
of Africa and Fez : and were againe themfclues, after that, depriued by the Zanhagian
families of Luntuna,and of tyildtil Mitmcn.Jhc Benemnrmi a Zeneran family rccouC'
red the Empire long after.

They are in thcfe times f diuidcd into Brebers and Alarbics. The Brebers inhabite f Ro.c.hiftorie
the Mountaines : the Alarbees,thc Plaincs. Both of them maintaine deadly feud$,and of Batb«ry.
will fight|forcr battels in fuch quarrels,then in feruice oftheir King.Infomuch,that vp-
on lofle of any great man,ciucll battels haue bin fought, aud ten thoufand men flainc
at a time.

The Alarbees haue theh: faireft Virginc riding on a Camell , with a flagge iri
her hand,deckcd in all pompc to follicite her kindred to rcuenge.and gocth fornioft in
the field incouraging them to follow. The kindred fpareth no bloud to faue their Vir-
gin.which the other fide fliiueth to win.holding that a continuall glory tb the fcuenth
gencration,Whenamaniskillcd,hisTribefeckethnotreuengeon the mtirthereron-
ly,but on the firft man of the Tribe he meets with.The Brebers do likewifc.Their wo-
men follow them in their battels, with a ccrtainc colour in their hand called Hanna^
■which will ftaine,and therefore they throw it Vpon fuch as offer to run out of the field,
she bafeft ignominie that can befall them.

^hc Ltirbie ;inA Brebcr dot differ as much irtlanguagc,a$ Welch and Englifh; the
one is giuen to Husbandry ,th'c other very much to '^ohheiy.MuUy Sidan in thelclate
warres leeing the Larbces alio become robbers,caufed the next D warre (a Townc of
ients)bclonging to that Tribe which herein had faulted, to be def^roied.man.woman,
childe,kine,fheepe, and whatfocuer belonged to them, by his fouldiers. But after he
had loft the field iQ the battellwith.(^/«/y5^/ci^, they foraged vp to Marocco gates,
trufting to the ftrcngth which that Tribe could make, being fiftccne thoufand Horfc.
ThisTribcorkindrcdwascaHcdff*/ff<<£«r/«/. .

lii 2 In



i



($2 8 Of the Arabians and naturall Africans jcs-c. C h a p .12.



In Africa they arc much fubieft to the cough : infomuch £ that on the Fridayes when
g uolib.u jj^gyaj-e ill their MahumetanSermons,\fone fall a coughing, another followes,and fo
from hand to hand all take it vp,and hold on in that fort , till the end of their Sermon,
no man hearing what hath beene faid.

For their morall *• conditions,£.«o thus defcribeth them, as we haue fomwhat men-
h The general jj^jjed before; The inhabitants of the Cities in Barbary are poore and proudc.ircfull,
vKcsof the A. ^^j writing all injuries in marble: vntraaable and vnfricndly to ftrangers: fimple.and
tncans.c ap. . ^^^j^j^^^ ^f-j^pQl^jbilitics.The vulgar is ignorant of nature,&eftccme all works ther-
of diuine and miraculous.They are irregular in their life and anions, exceedingly fub-
ievft to choler,fpeakc aloft and proudly.and arc often at buffets in the rticets.Thus bafc
is their difpoficion,and no leffe is their eftimation with their Lords, who make better
account of their beafts.They haue no chiefe men or officers to rule or counfaile them.
They are ignorant of merchandife, being deftitute of bankers and money-changers,
and cuery Merchant is conftrained to attend his wares himfelfe.No people vnder hea-
uen more couetoiis ; few amongft them.which forlouc of God or man willentertainc
a ftran^cr or requite s good turne ralwaies encombred with melancholy, they addift
themfe°ues to no pleafures ; the reafon wherof is,their great pouertie and fmall gaines.
The fliepheardsjboth in the mountaincs and fields, liue alabourfom and miicrablc
life; a beaftly.theeuifh jgnorant kinde of people.neucr repaying any thing committed
to them. The yong women before they marry may haue their loucrs in all filthinefTc,
hone of them beftowing her virginitie on her husband : if they be once mSrried.their
louers do no more follow after them,but betake them to fomc others. The bratifh fa-
ther makes this odious loue to his daughtcr,& the beaf^ly brother to his whooiifh fi.
fter.The moft of them are ney ther Mahumetans, Ic wes , nor Chriftians , but without
faith, and \v ihout fo much as a fhadow of Religion, neyther making any prayers, not
hauin<» any Churches.but liue like bealh. And if any hath any fmackc of deuotion,yet
hauing no law.Ptieft.nor any rule to follow.he is forced to hue like the other.Many of
them,both in Cities and fields,are found faubringotbetterthings,both for Arts, Mcr-
chandife.and deuotion,as the fame Leo fhcweth : but thus are the moft inclined.
Now.toadde fomwhat further oftheMahumctanReligiou in Africa,y4»«.7i4.(as
J . Queuiu foi^e ' doe reckon) the Saracens, by the incitement oUnltm Earle of Scuta , as in our
Bptfloi third booke is related,inuaded and conquered Spaine.Lw in his fift booke attributeth

Jode Barm this to Muft Gouernor of Africa.vnder ^ ^alid the Calipha of Damafco, whofe next
Aftxdec.\.hb.i. fucceffor depriued MHfe,zndkntIez.ulio Cairaoantofucceedcinhi$roomc,whofe
k Some will pofteritie there goucrned till that houfe was depriued of the Caliphfliip, and the featc
W6r K/^°w'^' thereof remoued from Damafco to Bagdet. Then was SUgUb made Lieutenant of A-
be the Mifd- frica, and held it with his poftcrlty after him i yo.yearcs. After which time £1 MM*
mimininofh- jn hereticallCalipha difpofTefled them.Ofthis £/A/rfW;and£/c;i;«,andtheirfuppo-
frica a Marau- ^g j hercfies,! haue no ccrtainc Hiflorie. Certaine it is, that the Mahumetans from the
nian,whom bggijjuing wercdiuided.as appearcthof/.«/r*f in our Hiftorieof Fez: and more fully
E^fhrne Cha! in the Catalogue ofMahomets next fucccffors, which were the next,not in bloud, but
lipha. ' in power.So did "^w^wc or ^iw^'Jf'r challenge it, and after him HomanndOttemaKi

contrary to the Teftament ofi^ahemct.vjho appointed Halt his heire. Mnamiu alfo
murthered Halt and his fonne.to obtaine the foucraignty. Thus were they diuided a-
bout the true fucceffor oftheirfalfe Prophet ; which Hre is not yet extinit. Another
1 G.B.B.hift, diuifion was about the interpretation of their law. 1 Jl>ftl>acer gzuc foundation to the
SarMb.i. ^^^ Melchia or ii^^/<c«,embraced by the Africans : Homar was author ofthe fe£t A~

»(r^<j,which the Turks andZaharans in Afrike recciuc. Odman or Ottoman Icfc behindc
him the B<»w/4,whichhath alfo his followers. Halt was head ofthe /«t^wM, which is
followed by the Perfians,Indians,many Arabians, and Gelbincs of Africa.

CMrio calleththefefe<^scJWe/<c»,embraced ofthe Africans, and asheaflirmeth,^^-
faftj ofthe Syrians and Arabians, y4/<i»w^f// ofthe Perfians & 5«<4«//ofthe Alexandri-
ans and Affyrians. Forrennamescanfcarcely betranflated, but withall are traduced,
and of diuers diuerfly called. Of thcfe foure grew threefcore & eight (tSls of name be-
fides other more obfcure.Amongft the reft were the Morabites.who led their liucs(for
tire molt part) in Hermitages^and make profefTiou of morall philofophie,with certain

principles



C H A p .12. AFRICA. The ftxt 'BooKe. 6^ 9

principles diftering from the Alcorin. One ©f thcfe was that Morabitc, which cehainc
ycarcs palt {hewing Mahomets name imprinted in his breft,beingdohc with<j^»<i/or-



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 125 of 181)