Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 126 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 126 of 181)
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»tf, oriomefuch thing, rdyfedvpa great number of Arabians in Africa, and laid ficgc
to Tripolis, where being betrayed by his Captaine.hcc remained the Tu: kes prifoncr,
who fent his skin to the grand Seignior. Thefe Morabits affirmc that when Meot Halt
fought, he killed ten thoufand Chrirtians with one blow of his Sword, which they fay
was an hundred Cubits long. The Cohtini\s as foolifliaSedt, one of which iTiewed
liimfclfe, not many yeares fince, at Algicr, mounted on a reed, with a bridle and rcincs
of leather, affirming that he had ridden an hundred miles on that horfe in one night,
and was therefore highly rcuerenccd. Somewhat alfo isfaid before of thefe African
Seds in our Chapter of Fez.

An other occafiondiuided Africa from other of the Mahumctanefuperftition.For
when CMnauia and Jez^idhis fonne were dead, one CMaruan feized on the Pontifica-
litie, but Ahdalam the fonne of, expelled him. Hee alfo had Oajne Holem the
fonne of Halt a little before; whom the Arabians had proclaimed Caliph , and there-
fore made the Maraunian flocke of which he defcended, odious to the Arabians.They
therefore at Cufachofe ^^i:/<»»r/j' for the Saracenicall fcueraigne who was of Halt's
pofteritie, which they call the Abaz^iaK flocke or family, Hee fent Ciafa againft Ahda-
lan who fled and was flainc;C//«/4 exercifed all cruelties againfl all that Maraunian kin-
dredjdrew lez,id out of his Sepulchre,& burnthis carka(re,and flaying all ofthat houf<S
caft their bodies to the beafls and foules to be deuoured.Wherupon one Abed Ramon
of that family, (fome fuppofe him the fonne ofMuumtu) fled into Africa , with great
troupi:soffoll6wers and partakcrs.where the Saracens receiued him very honourably. ^ .
Barrifts » te!s that Cmfi himfclfe was Caliph, & that hee defcended of ^^rt;c,of whofn * '*' "'* -
that flocke was called Abaz^i^im and that he took an oath at his cleflion,to deftroy the
Marauniansjwhich he executed in manner as aforefaid by Abidek his kinfman and gc-
neralh To Abed Ramon reforted the Mahumeians in Afrike,who equalling his heart to
his fortunes, called hirnfclfc Miralmnmininy which is mif-pronounccd Miramulim, & b Baedet wa
fignifieth the Prince ofth^Beieeuers; whichhedidindifgraceofthe./^^<jx,M»^. Some built longaftei
attribute the building of MaroicotobtfD,which others afcribe to io/d'^/E?, asbcfore is ^''istime.
faid, and fome to fome other Prince, built(as they fay)in emulation of l^Bagdet.which '^"■^woyearc*
theEafterneCalipha buildedfor the Metropolitan Citic of their Law and Empire. tha"h '*'*"^'
'BtirrtHs addeth,that he became a Nahuchodonofor ^to whip and fcourge Spainc, which riflicdin thof«
Vlit\\\% fonne, by ^»y2t his Captainewholy conquered in the time of 7^Wmf»«. But Spanifliwars.
PelagtHs foone after with his Spanifli forces began to make head againfl the Moores, 7ooooo.pco-
and recouered from them fome Towftes : which <= warrc was continued with diuerfitic ?^'
ofchancc and change, three hundred yeares and morc.til •* Alfhonfus thefixt took To- cDon.Hbtrie^*
ledo from them : and for diners good fcruiccs which 2)o« Henrie 'hid done him in EaiJeofio-
thefe warres.gaue him his daughter in marriage,and for her portTon,thofe parts which "^"^e,L,M4,
he had taken from the Moores in Lufitania , lince called the Kingdome of Portagall ^''^''''" '•7-dt
with all that he or his could conquer from them. Thus was the Kingdome of Portugal iTdRn j
planted in the bloudofthe Moores whereby it hath been. *b fatned.andhath fobatncd deAnt LuBel
eucrfince, that all their grcatneffe hath rifen from the others loflc. For they not only hcinapocmo.
cleared thofe parts of that Kingdome, of them byanhcreditary warre, but purfued ^°^-Stb4U,en"
them alfointo Africa , where /«/>» the firfttookeSeuta from them, fo making way to "'^^^fajm, ^i'
hispofteritie, to pierce further, whichhappily they performed. J^l'^'iilitwut

^/phonftii the rtft Portugall, f tooke from them Tanger, Arzila, and Alcafare, and rabicMVeriidig.
others ; efpecially EwArmel w^nnc from them many S Cities and a greatpart of Mau- JndtciM,TaM».
ritania;thc Arabians not lefiifing the Portugals feruicc,till the Serin arofe in Africa,a$ btmicHs.&c.
cuen now was fhewed, and chafed the Portugals thence. i rek.

Thus Spaine hatli reuenged herfclfe of the Mahumctan iniuries by her two Armes ; ^r", """"*"'*'
ofCaftilc (which at laftdrauc them out of Granada, and tooke diners Townes in the thi cafieUum
Maine of Africa from them, and in our dayes hath expelled the remainders of that regale, A^amor,
Race quite out of Spaine;/) andPortugall, which thus freed it felfe, and burthened Titium,Mana.
them, and by another coLj/rfe did yet m9rc harmctothe Mahunietan profeffion. For ^^''i^i'^^m.
Htnry fonne of I':b>3 theprfl, fet forth Flectcs to difcoucr the Coafts of Africa , and * ""•

IJi 3 the



of 'Bile duller id and S arm ^ i^c.


9 B.vr:iti,


An'ovA Dint'f-

tlielflandsadiaccntdiuers of which were by the Portugalles poflcflcd ; made way
to che further difcoucries and conquefts of that Nation in Africa, and India, to thele
our day es , where they haue taken diners Kingdomcs and Cities from the Moores.
Ofwhich oihcrpbccsof this Hiftotie in part, and the larger Relations of » Tar-
w«Hn his Decades o{ OjmHs^Mtijf^m , Marmo/, and nyirthHs^Iarrk, and others,
arc ample wicneflcs.

Chap. XIII.'
of Biledulgerid and Surra , otherwife called Ntimidia and Lihj/A.

. E haue now,l fuppofe, wearied you with fb long difcourfc of that part
of Africa on this (ide Atlas, but fuchisthe difference of the mindcs
wearinefle, from that of the bodic, that this being wearied with one
long iourney, it'thc fame be continued with a fccond, it is more then
tired .-the other after a tedious and iikefomcway, whenanothcrof
another nature prefents it felfe, is thereby ref'-efiied, and the former wearinefle is with
this varietie abated, yea aIthou|,h it bee , as this is from a better toaworfe. Euenthc
mounting vp this colde hi!i , and thence to view the Atlantike Ocean on the Weft,
Southward and Eaftwai d the deferts, will ncy ther make the foulc breathlcflc with the
fteepe afccnt, nor fjint with fo wiide proipe(5ls of manifold Wilderncfles; this of bar-
ren Earth, and that of lare Waters; a third fceming to be mixt of both, a Sea withouc Earth wit hcutfoliditie, a fandnottohazardfhippes with her priuic am-
b'.ifliments, but with open violence fwallowing men, and difdayning to hold a foot^
print asatcfiimonieof fubiediion; a wind not breathing ayrc, but fometimcs the
hi^he Element in fictie heates.and fomctimes the lower in fandie fhowers: once,a Na-
ture mockingNature, an order without order, a conftant inconflancie;v\'hercitis
Natures p;;rtinie to doe and vndoe ; to makcMonuainesand Valleyes, and Moun-
taincs of Valleyes at plcafure. St ange is the compofition of thefe places, but flrangcr
jsthatofthc minde, which feedes it felfe with the cruell hunger, and (atiates ihiift
withtheinfatiablethirrtinefleof thefe deferts. And whereas the bodiefcareth to bee
drowned,euentlicre, where itasmuchfeareth towant water, in this fandie iourney :
the Soule (modellof Diuinitie,lifeof Humanitic)feares nofuchaccidcntstoitfelfe,
butinafwcetnefle of varictie delights to furuey oil that her firft and Auncient inheri-
tance (howfocuerfince by finne mortgaged and confifcatcd ) and becing fcqueftred
from all focicties of men, can hecredifcourfe with God and Nature in the Defert?,
hLib^cupt. Hither now , after fo long a preamble, webringyou, andatfirftprefent vnto your
cL.Ha^mduii. view N'lfnidia , where you fhall bee feafted with Dates which haue giucn the name
Saauiu! o"^°f BUcinl^crid (that is Date-Region) thereunto , and before is made one entircpart
d^M^rs ofA- £>f feuen , mour '° diuiiion of Africa. Ludomcns ^ CMarmolim writes it Biledel
frica, '.1 par Gerid.

The Eafterne Border is Eloacat, a Citie diftant one hundred myles from Egypt; the
Wefternc is the Atlantike Ocean; the Northerne, Atlas; the Southerne, Libya. This is
thebafcttpartof Africa"^; the Cofmographeis not deigning it the name of aKing-
donc.the inhabitants thereof are in many places fofarrediflant from any other. As
for example , Teflet a Citie of foure hundred houfholds is feparatcd from all other
habitation three hundred myles. Some places the cof are better peopled. The Numi-
dia defrribed by « Ptolomey, Alela, and Plmie, is of f'arre lefTe bounds , and is rather a
part of Barbaric, then of this which vvc hecrc defcribe:callcd(faith Viinie)J\htagonitls
and famous for nothing but Marble and wilde beaftes : the Numida; called Nomades
of their paftorall life,and change of paftures, carrying their houfcs on their Carts. The
Cities whereofwereCyrtha, called now Conftantina, andlol, now as fomc write Bu-
gia. The Numidians are notorious for cxccfTmeVenery. Fc»r the Religion of thefe,


teth Libya into


Nuniidia inco





c Pf J/./.4.
V Mela [ic 6.
Qhii.irius in
C^l■Rh^d lib.

C H A P.I3. A F R. I C A. The fixt 'Booke, 641

whom Le/< tf nr.ctli Numidians, hce faith , That in old time they worfhipped certaine
PljneiSjand facriSf cd to them:and were like to the Perfians in worfliip of the Simne,
and the Fire, to both which they built Temples, & like theVedals in Rome;kept the fire
continually burning Chriftian A'^/!^/c» began to quench this fire (as is ^ thought) in iMtrmam^
the Ape files daycs"!, which after was pciucrtcd by Arianifme, fubueited by Maho- rbejtnm,
metiline. Icwiili Religion had heere fomc footing alfo, before that Chrirtianitie was
preached to them. ,

ThcN midiansliuelong.butlofetheirteethbctinies (fowrefaucc for their fweet
Dates ) and their eyes alfo pay vntiinely tributes to the fandes, which ihc 'a indes very
bufily and often fend as their fcarchers and cuHoiTiers, tillatlaft they can fee to paie
them no more. In all Numidia theFrenchdifeale(as wectcrmcitjis vnknowne, and
in Libya. I haueknowne/aythZfo, an hundred perfons that hauc beene cured otthac
maladie, onely by palTing ouer Atlas and breathing this ayrc. This difca(e was not
heard of in Africa .till King Ferdinafid expelled the Icwes out of Spaine, and the Mores
by lying with the lewcswiucs got the fame; and general'y infeded Barbary, calling
i: therefore the Spanifli difeafc.Thc Plague alfo infcf^eth Ijarbarie once m ten, fifteen,
orfiueandtwentieyearei.anddefl'oyethgrcatmukitud.s, becaufe they haue I ttlc
ic^ard or remcdie for it In Nuniidia it is fca' cc knowne once to happen in an hundred
ye ares, and in the Land of Ncgros neuer, Worfe difeafes then Pox »^r Plague poflefle
the Numidians namely ignorance of O.uine Morall, and Natui all knowledge , Trea-
fon.Murther.Robbcrie.withontalirefpcflofany thing. If any of them are hired iii
Bn-barie^thcy a e employed inhafecfliccs Scullians , Dungfarmers, andwhat not?
Ni-yther are the Lybians or Ncgros much better.

OfthcNumidians and Libyans, are fiuc peoples, Zenaga,Guenzaga,TergaXemta
andBerdcua.and Hue all afterthe famemanner, andordcr,thatis,\vuhoutmannersor
order at all Their gnrmcnts of bafe death, fcarcc coucr halfc their bodie. The Gentle-
men (Gentlemen nnift pardon me the abafing of the name) to bee diflinguifhcd fromi
the reft, weare a iatket o( blew cotton with wide fleeues. Their Steeds are Camels , on
which they ride without ftirrops or Saddles.and vfe a goad in ftcad ot fputs and a lether
faftcned in a hole bored thorow the griftlcs of the Camels nofe,ferucs them for a bridle
Mats made of Ruflies are their beds, and Wooll growing on their Date -irees yeeldes
matter for their Tents. Their food is often- times patience with an emptie belly: which
when they fill, bread or meate after any fort isabfcnt: Onely they haue theirCamels
milke,whcrcofthcy drinkcadifli-full next their heart: and certaine dry fieflifoddciii
butter and milkejeneryonc with his hands rak'ng out his fhareof thefe dainties after,
drinking the broth; and ihen di ink vp a clip of Milke,and flipper is donc.Whiles Milke
lafteth they caic not for water, cfpecially in the Spring-time, all which feafon, lome
ncuer wafh hands or fare, becaufe they neuer goe to the places where they may hauc
water. And tlie Caniels haue ioyned v ith their mafters in this ncatncflc , not regar-
ding water, whiles they may feed on grafl"e.

All their life fort hat j^./f*" rather, ^f/o''f//:^7«//f, not worth; e the name of life)is fpenc
in hunting,and robbing their enemies ; not fi.nying about three or foure dayesin a
place, as long as the grade will feructhe'.rCamels.Thcy haue ouer euery Tribe one, in
manner of a King whom they honour and obey Very rarely is a ludge fonnd amongfl;
them, and to him fuch as are litigious ride fometimesfucor fix day es iourney.Him wil
they amply reward with a-thoufand duckats more or lefle by theycare. As for Letter^,
Arts.-Vertue, they dwell not in thefe Deferts. They arc vei y lealous, which is the death
of many. Yet are; hey hbcrall after their manner to ftrargcrs,asl my felfe (ins Leo's
report) can tclhfie. For going ouer the dcferti with a Carauan of Merchants the Prince
of Zanaga encountered vswith fiue hundred men onCamcls,andc3iifed vsto pay our
cuftomcs : and then inuited vsto h-s tents. There did hce kill many Camels to feaft
vs, both yong and old, and a s many gelded, and Oftriches.which they had taken in the
way And v\ hen the Merchant? fhewed themfclucs loath that hee fhould make fuch
{laughters of them.he faid that it were fliame to entertaine them with (inall cattell f li-
ly, being flrangers. So wcc had roaft, and boilediand bread of Panikc, very fine; and



OfBiledulo^eridandSarray crc



b itcri an Afrj-

Dates great plcntic. He lionoted our company with his prcfcnce; but hce ate together
with his Nobles fcparatc from vs: and had with him certaine Religious and Learned
men co fit with him , which all the meale-timc touched no bread , but only flelh
and milkc. The rcafon the Prince gaue vs, becaufc they were borne in the Deferts
where no Corne grew. Only they ate bread on certaine folemnc Fcafles, as at their
Eafter,and day of Sacrifices. Thus did this liberallPrince fpend on vs tenhc times the
value of his cuftomes. After this manner alfo Hue the Africans called Soaua,

TheTraif^s ofNumidia » moft in name, a re thefe.Dara, which extcndcth itfcifetwo
hundred and fifty miles in length, whereare great ftore of Date.trees;whercof fomc
are male, and fome female;the firfi brings forth only flowe rs,the other.fruit. And they
talse a flowred bough of the male, and engraft it in the fern ale :otherwife, the Dates
prone nought,and glmoft all flonc. They feed their Goats with the flones of the Dates
beaten and therewith they grow fat, and y ecld fiore of Milke. Segclmefle was built(if
any lift to beleeue ^ Bicri, an African Cofmographcr) by Alexander the Great. Heere
were certaine Colleges and Temples. The people of the Coumric liued onDatcs.
They haue no Fleas; a fmall priuiledgc, for they haue infinite ftore of Scorpions.

Fiohig, hath induftrious and wittie people , whereof fome become Merchants, o-
thersStudents, and goe toFeffe, where hauing obtained the degree of Doctors they
rcturne into Numidia,and are madePrieft s and Preachers, and (b become rich. Tego-
rarin hath tiaffique with the Negros. They water their Corne- fields with Wei- water,
and therefore are forced to lay on much loilc. In which rcfpeft they will let ftrangers
haue their houfes rent-free,"oncly the Dung of themfelues and their beaftes excepted.
They will expoftulate with that ftranger, which fliall in fomc nicer humour goe out of
doores to that bufincfle, and aske him, if;hc know not the place appointed thereunto.
Heere were many rich Icwes, w hich by meanes ofa Preacher of Telenfin,were fpoilcd,
and moft of them flaine, at the fame lime that Ferdinand chafed thrm out of Spaine.
Techortisa NumidianTownc,cxcecding courteous to ftrangers, vvhom they enter-
taine at free-coft, and marry their daughter to them rather, then to the natiues.Pefca-
ra is exceedingly infcfted with Scorpions, whofe fting is prefent death, wherefore the
Inhabitants in Sommcr time forfake their Citie, and flay in their Countrey«poflcflions
till NeHember.

Libya extendeth it felfe from the confines of Eloachat vnto the Atlantike, betwixt
the Numidians and Negros. It is one other of the feuen parts, into which wee haue di-
uided Africa, The Arabians call it Sarra, that is, a Deferc. 'Pltnie <■ in the beginning of
his fifth Booke,faith that all Africa by the Grecians was called Libya.Taken in a more
proper fenfc, it is diuerfly <* bounded by the Anci«nts, and therefore we will heere hold
vs to Leos defcription. The name Libya is deriued from Libs, a Mauritanian King, as
ioxaz^3L^tmz.HerodotM ' fayth, ofa woman named Libya, Among the Libyans arc
reckoned f the Libjarchx, Ltbj/ophanica, Libyagyftij, and diuers other Nations , cucn
of the s Ancients accufed for want of inward and outward good things,cunningonly
in fpoile and robbery. The Libyans worfliipped one Pfifhon ^ for their god , induced
thereunto by his fubtiltie. For hce had taught Birdes to fing, Pfaphon'is a great god;
which being fct at libertic, chaunted this note in the woods,and eafily pcrfwaded the
wilde peopleto this deuotion which tx£//<f« faith, yfwwffwhad endcuouredin vaine. It
was the cuftome of women to howle in their Temples ' whence fome of the Bacchanal
Rites were borrowed by the Gricians.Vnto the Libyans are reckoned thofe Nation?,
whofe barbarous Rites arc before related in the feuenth Chapter of this Booke, Wee
iG.Bet.sen.p.i, willnowcometolater obferuations.' Men may traucll eight dayes or more imhe Li-
/.3 .MAgmm. byan deferts ordinarily without finding any water. The Deferts are of diners fhape s,
fome eouered with grauell, others with fand,both without water : heere and there is a
lake,fometime a flirub, or a little grafle. Their water is drawne out of deep pits , and is
brackifhjandfomesimesthei'ands couer thofe pits, and then the traoeilersperifli for
thirft. The Merchants that trauell to Tombuto, or other places this way, carry water
m Leolik.u with them on Camels; and if water failc them, "> they kill theirC3mels,and drinke wa-
ter which they wring out of their guts. Their Camels are of great abilitie to fuftaine
thirftjfometimcstrauelling without drink twcluc dayes or more. Othcrwifetlicy were
ncucrablcco trauell thorow thofe deferts.




d I: Coruini.



g Nigtr.Afh,



i Atexmd Jib,


C H A P .14* AFRICA. T7;f ftxt 'Booke,


f A. C/tdumotlii \

In ihc dcfcrt of Azaoad there arc two Sepulchres of ftonc, wherein certainc letters
ingrauen tcftifie, that two men were there buried; one a very rich Merchant, who
tornicnted with thirft,bought of the other, which was a carier or tranfporter of wares,
a cup ofvvater/orten thoufand duckat$,aaddicd neucrtheltfle; both buyer and feller,
with thirtt.

Their Hues for lewdneflcrefcnsble the Numidians before mcntionedjbut for length
come much fhcJrt of them, few attaining to threefcorl'ycares. f The are (as title need
as they haue thereof) often plagued with thofc clouds of Graflioppcrs, which coucr
the aire, and dcftroy the earth.

The Libyan defertofZanhaga beginning at the WeflerncOcean,extendeth it felfe
farre and wide betwecne the Negros and the Numidians, to the Salt-pits of Tegaza„
From the Well of Azaoad,to the Wellof Araoan,an hundred and fiftie miles
no water ; for lacke whereof, many boih men and beatts there pcrifh. Likewife in the
dcfert Gogdem.for nine dayes iourncy no drop of water is found.In the dcfcrt of Tar-
ga is Manna found,which the Inhabitants gather in little veflels,and carrie to Agadcz
to fell. They mingle it with their drinke, and with their pottage : It is very holelomc.
TcoiLi is an inhabited place, where arc many veines of Salt, which refcmble Marble,
they digge it out of pits, and fell it to Merchants of Tombuto, who bring them viftu-
als. For they arc twentie dayes iourney from any habitation, the caufe that fometimes
they all die of famine. They are much molefted with the South-Eatt windc, which ma-
kcth many of them to lofe their fight. Bardeoa was found out lately by one HarKar,x
guide vnto a Carauan of Merchants, who loft his way by reafon of a maladie that fell
into his eyes ; yet blinde as he was he rode on a Camel ; none clfe being able to guide
them.and at euery miles end caufcd fome fand^p be giucn vnto him, whereon he fmel-
Icd, and thereby at laft told them of an inhabited place, fortie miles before he came at
it : where, when they came,they were denied water, and were forced by force to ob-
tainc it. The Riucrs that arife out of Atlas, and by the vnkindneflc of their Kinde, fall
this way, finding thefe thirltie wildernefles to yeeld them the readieft chanels,are trai.
ned alongft by the allurements of the fands,ftouping and crouching to them,till being
further from witneffes, they are either fwallowed vp of great Lakes, or elfe whiles
they hold on their purfuit for the Ocean, lofe thcmfelues in the fearch,and whiles they
arc liberal! to the thirftic fandsinthe way,at laft die thcmfelues (I cannot fay, diue
themfclues J as clfcwherc m the world) for thirfl in the deferts. And yet through thefe
way-leflc wayes, doth couetourncflc carrie, both the Arabians in their roauings, and
Merchants with their Carauans to the Negros for wealth : whither J latt yoii
«4peift the comming of this our Carauan alfo.

Chat. XIIII.
of the Lmd ef N % G K o Si

Igritarumterra, or the Land of Negros, » cither is fo caHcd of the Ri-
.^ , ^ uer Niger, or of the black colour of the Inhabitarts rfomethinke the

BRiuer is named Niger of the people : it hath on the North thofe dc-
^ fcrts which we laft left ; on the South, the ex€thiopike Ocean,and the
"^ £ Kingdome of Congo ; on the Eaft,Nilus ; on the Weft, the Atlamike.
t?^ i,<f« makes Gaogo in the Eaft, and Gualata in the Weft, the limits
thereof. On the fide of the Riuer Canaga it is fandie and dcfeit,bcyond,it is plentiful),
being watered with Niger, which runnes thorow the middeft of it. There are no hils
neere the bankes of Niger.but wooddie places diuers, receptacles ofElcphants.Raines
doc neither good nor harme : onely Niger miniflers them plentie, as Ndus in Egypt :
Their encrcafe is likewife alike; fortie dayes together after the middeft oi lune doth
Niger cncreafe, at which time the Negro Townes are Hands, and the way to them by
boats; and asmany it decreafeth. The Merchants in Iuh,ApiguFI: znASefteml>er,ixz<^Q
in boats made ofa hollowed tree (like the Indian Canoas) ^ this Riuer, fome thinke,


a ^taginuil
Gi, Bel. id'.

b l0,L(a,lW.i.


of the Land ofNegros.


t CidamoHt.
A Ottel. Ramu.

Cambra to be
armes or
mouches of
Niecr. Samtm
thinks it to be
Ki» Grande,

atifcth out of a Dcfert called Seujtom a great Lake : fomc with leflc likclihood.think
itanarmeof Nilus :« and fomc with no truth, ihinkc it to be deriucdfrom Paradifc.
It is by Geographers <* broughtfrom a Lake, which they call Niger, SA'ithin two de-
grees of the Equinoftiall, and running thence Northwards, hides himfclfe from the
violence of the Sunnes fury,vnder a mantle of earth,(ixtie miles together;and then the
Earth difcouering him, he runnes not farre,but in tcucnge he couereth a great part of
the Earth and drowneth the faftie in a Lake called Borneo, till the Earth agaiiie with
her ftronc armcs clafpes him in ftreiterbankes, and forceth hira to tiirnc his ftreame
Weftwar^jin which way hauing gotten frefh hcipe of fome other flrcames, that fend
in their fuccours; he againc preuailcth.and ouerthrowes the Earth in the Lake Guber:
but fhe getting vp againe, makes him flee to theOcean for aide, with whofe tide-for-
ces affiftcd he rends the Earth into many Ilands,which he holds as captiues betweenc
c OrtdmanA his waterie* <= Armes of Senaga,Gambra,and diuers others, which euer let flippe their
others in their hold, and yet cuer hold them in euerlafting captiuitie. In this combatc whiles both
Mappes, make p^j-ts fweate in contention, a fatter excrement is left bchinde,which all this way hear-
Senaga and ^^^^ ^j^^ Earth with admirable fertilitie : cfpecially then when the clouds in the Sum-
mer time take Nigers part.and daily marfliall their mightie fliowers to theRiuers aid,

Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 126 of 181)