Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 128 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 128 of 181)
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They eat their enemies which areflaineinthcwars (which are very rife amongftthofc <^<,
Nations) and thofe which arc taken, are euerlaftingprifouers. And in feme more im-
portant warres which they vndertake, they will burne their dwellings before they go,
left either the encmie might poflcflc them by conqueft, orthemfelues become too
mindcfull of a returne. In thefe warres they prouide thcmfelues of fome light armor,
wearingatfuch times no other apparrell. Their women arc vnfaithfnll Secretaries in
Natures mofl hidden fecrets, vfing in the fight of men, women,boyes,and be
deliuered of their children, whom afterthcy circumcife, whether they be of the mak-
er female fexc.

C H A r, X V.
cy/ further Bifcourfe ofGuinet^ wd other NatiomofNegross.

Nd if we may hauc leaue to follow a Dutch guide, well acquainted in
thefcparts, whercofhe hath written a very la^gc » Trcatife, you may
feaft with them at theirfpoufals, and againe, after a view of their liues,
at their funerals. Atthe manages oftheirdaughtcrstheygiue halfc an
ounccof gold,to buy wine for the Bridalej the King himfclfe giueth
no other portion. The Bride in the prefcnee of her friends fweareth to
be true to her husband, which the man doth not. For adultery he may diuorce her,and
the adulterer paycth to the King foure and twentie Pefos of gold.and the husband'alfo
may driue him out of Towne : but the Dutch men paid no fine therefore, the women
onely were blamed.and paid foure pefos. If the husband fufpcf^s his ?\ire,hee makes
triafiofherhonefliCjbycaufinghertoeatfaltwithdiuersFetiflb ^ ceremonies hcre-
aftermcntioned, the fcare whereof makes her confefTe. They haue many wiues,ifrhcy
can buy and kecpe them : each dwclieth in a houfe by her felfe, though there be ten of
them.-they eat and lodge afunder:fometimes they will bring their cheerc together. The
husband clofcjy takes which he will haue lye with him to his roome,where their bed
isamatte. The women aftertrauellwaflithemfelucs, and accompany not with their
husbands for three months after.Thc childe newly borne hath a cleane cloth wrapped
about the middlc.and is laid down on a mat.The mothers vfe to beare their children at

their backs,andfotraucl with them, none prouinglamcnotwithBanding that {baking
of their bodies:they giue them the brefl ouer their flioulders. When it is a month old,
they hang a net about the a fhirt.madeofthe bark ofa tree.hanged fuloffc- I'ecure it from the Diuel.who othcrwife would(they think)cany it away.They
'"'"'^ the haire full of (hellsjand corals about the neck, armes and Icgs.applvino diuers

Kkk 2 fetiffos

hang I

a Defcription
of Giiinea,
\6oo. in a
Dutch booke.

b FetitTo is the
name of their

Education of
their children.


Of Guinea and other ISlations ofKegros* C h a p ,k.

Their women
in Guinea.

Their orns-

fctiffos or wreaths with fuperflitious fancies, that one is good againft vomiting a fe.
cond for falling.a third for blecding.a fourth to make it fleep.s fift againft wild1)earts
and (o on in the relt.giuing to each Fetiffo a feueral namc.They quickly Icarne them to
eat.and then Icaue them about the houfe Hkedogstthcy foone Icarne to fpcak to
fwim. When they are firft borne they are not black, but rcddifh as the Brafihans.Ea'ch
woman brings vp hei own:they teach them no ciuilitie.and beat them fometimes cru-
elly with ftaues. When they are cight.or ten.or twclue ycarcs old.thcy Icarne them to
fpin bark-threed and make nets : after that they go with their fathers to fifii. At ejoh.
teenc yearcs old they begin to fet vp for themfelues, two or three of them toocther hi.
ring a houfc & Canoa:and then they couer their priuitics.grow amorous^and their fa.
thers look out wiues for them. They haue little ha ire on their face at thirty- they wearc
nailes as long as the ioynt of a mans finger,a5 a token ofgcntility : which is alfo obfer-
iJcd by Merchants:the'y keepc tbcm, very cleane,and as white as luory. They are "icac
in flefh beyond men of thefe parts. At threefcorc and tcn,or fourefcore, their bladcncs
decaics,and they grow yellow.Thcy haue fmal bellies, long legs, broad feet, long toes
fliarp fight, quick wit,Ertridge mavves; arc fpiteful.curioufly neat.drunkardsjtheeues,'
lecherous, and fubieft to the Pocks.whcreof they arc not afhamcd, as neither of (hew-
ing their nakedncs. YetisitholdcnHiamc withthem to let a fart, which they won-
dered at in the Hollanders, efteeming it a contempt.

The women go long naked.arc Iibidinous.and would boaft of their filtfiines.ifthey
could haue thci'- pleafure with the Dutch.dccking themfelues of purpofe. They weare
beads about their ncckcs,and ftraw-fetiffos about their feet. (The Mulato women in
Mina cut their hairc (hort for brauery .) They cut three gaOies on their forhcad an inch
long,and likcwifc on their checkes ncere their eares.which they fuffer to fwell andco-
lour it with painting.They make a! fo white ftrakes vnder their eies.They curie and fold
the haire oftheir head^making a hill in the midft like a hat,with frizzles round about.
They vfe long combs with two teeth on]y,each a finger length : thefc they vfe alfo for
fakitation,plucking them out and in, as heere, men put off or on their hats': they make
alfo white fpots on their taces,which afarre off fhew like pearles.They rafe their armes
and brcafts with diners cuts, on which euery morning they lay colours, which caufc
them to fhew like black filke doublets cut and pinked. They haue eatings and brace-
lets of copper : the vnmarried mayds weare thirtie or fortie on each arme of yron : the
Common queanes weare copper rings with bels on their legs.

Thefc women are firong,nimble,wel proportioned, good houfe- wiues.home-kec-
petsand cookes: not very fruitfnll.The riches ot'theGuincans are (tore of wiucs and
children.They take great pride of white teeth, which thcrfore they rub with a ccrtaine
wood : they (Ticw like luorie.Thcir garment is a fadom orinore of linnen cloth,which
they weare about their bodies,from beneath the brefts to the knees: rpon which they
girtapeccc of blew or yellow cloth, whereon hang their kniucs and keyes,and diners
wifpes off^raw.orfetiflbs.Whcn they go to market,they wafh them from top to toe,
and put on other cloths. They buy no more but for that day, ormeale.
t&tir bread. They ftamp their milia as we do i: in a wooddcn difli, f^cepe it ouer-night

with a little mais, and in the morning lay it on a flone, and (as Painters their colours)
grinde it with another ftone,tilI it be dowe, which they temper with frefli water and
falt.and make rolls thereof twice as big as a mans fifl.and bake it a little on the hearth.
This is their bread. Their diet is ftrangcas raw flcfh.handfuls of graine,large draughts
of v47«4-f/f.«, Dogs, Cats BufSeSjEIephants, though ftinking like carrion, and a thou-
fand magots creeping in them. There are little bird's like Bulfinches, which make their
netison fmall ends oftwigs for feare offtakes :ther'c they eat aliue with their feathers.
The Moors fay that v^ithm land they cat dried fnakes:and thefe wil eat dogs guts raw,
which our Author hath feenc:and a Boy left in pawne on fhipbord for debt,which had
meatenough.yctwou'd fecrctly kill the hens, that he might eat their raw gut'. They
will eat old fiinking fifh dried in the Sunne: yet can they be dainty if they may haue it.
Somemakeakindof Ale of Mays and water foddentogether,cal!ed PoitouSomimti
fourc or fiue together will buy a pot of Palme-wine, which they powre into a great
Ci«^&',which growcth on trecs,and fome of them are halfe as big as a kilderkin,roiind
about which they fit to drink,each fending a little pot-full to his htO. wife. When they


Their diet.


C H A P.I5 • A F R. I*^ A. The fixt 'Booke, 6^\

firftdrinke, they take it out with a fmal cabas , and laying their handes on the head
of him which firit dnnketh, cry aloud Tauto/i,TafftoJi :ht drinks not all oft", but leaues
alittle to throw on the ground to the Feiifo , faying J. oh. fpouting out fomeon
their Fetiffos on their armes, & legs,othcrwife thinking they could not drink in quiet.
Thcyarcgreatdrinkcrs,andfeedasvnmannerly as Swine, fitting on the ground and
cramming, notftayingtiJlthcmorfcU in the mouth bee fwailowedt, but tearing their
meat in peeves, with the ihvec mid-fingers caR it into their mouthcs rcadie gaping to
recciuc it. They are al way hungt ie and w ould cat all day long : yea the Dutchmen had
ereat ftomakes whiles rhcy were there. He that gets moft , muft be molt libcrall, indu-
firioiis to get and as prodigall in fpending vpon cheir lickour.

Before the Portugals trade they had no Merchandife,but went naked : and the p'eo- Secwindesj
pic within Land were afraid of them, becaule they were white and apparelled. They
come to trade in the fhips in the morning; for about noone the windc(bcforc blowing
fron.hnd comes from Sea, and they are not able to endure the roi'ghncffe ther^oi;
Thty bclecue, that men, when they die, goe into another world, where they dial haue
hkenecdofmanythings, as here they hauojand therefore vfe to put with the dead
Corpes feme parts othoufhold. And ifthcyloofe any thing, they thinkc that forr.eof
theirfriiids which in theothcrworldhadneedtheteof, came thence and ftolc it. Of
aGoJbti 12 3 ked, they faidhcwasblackcandeuil, and did them much h^rmc; their aTheRdigU
xrood. tl.fv'liad by their ownc labour, andnotbyhis goorlncffe. Circurrcifion they o"ofth£ Gui-
vie- anil fonieothcrTurkifh Rites. Tncy holditvnmccteand irreligious to fpii on the ^^^"^••
ground. Tlicy haue no Lecters.norBookes. They obferue a Sabbath, herein agreeing,
ai-u yet difagreeing, with Turke, lew, aid ChriAian for they obfcrue Tuefdayes reft, TucfJay Sab •
from their FifhingandHusbandrie, TheWine (of thePalmc-trce) which i- that daie ^t'-'^^V'^'^
gathered, may no^t be fold, but is offered to the King, who bellowcthit on hisCour- " * ^"'u"'-
tiers to dr'inke at night. In the middeft of the Market-place they had a Table ftanding
on fourc Pillars, two elnes high, whofe flat couer was made of Straw and Reedes wo-
ucn together. Hereon were fet many (Irawen Rings, called Fettjfos or Gods,zn6 there-
in Wheat , with Water and Oyle, for their Go«k , whichthey thinkeeates thefi^me.
TheirPricftthey call/? ff///frc?, who eueryfcHiuall day placcth aSeat on that Table,
and fittinc thereon , preacheth to the people, the contents whereof I could neucr
learne : which done,the women offer him their infants , and hee fpiirikleth them with
watcr,in which a Newt or Snake dothfwimmc,and then be'prinkleth the Table afotc-
faid with the lame water, and fo vttering certaine wordcs veiy loud, and firoking the
children with certaine colour, as giuing them his blefTing .- he dtinketh of that water,
the people clapping their hands and crying /.o«, I. on, and fo hee diftnifTcth his deuout

Many wearcfuchRtnges of Straw next their bodies, as preferuatiues from thofe
dangers, which elfe their angrie God might inflidlonthem. In honour oi the fame
Deitie(orDcuill, as it Iccmcs they conceiuchimtobee) they bechalkc themfclucs
with a kind of Chalkey Earth , and thisisvnco them inltead of their Morning Mat-
tens. The firR bit at mcales, and firft dr lught , is conTecrate to their Idol!, and there-
fore they bcfprinkle therewith thofe Rings , which I faid they weare on their bodies.
If Fifhers cannot fpeed at Sea, they giue a pcece of Gold to the fettjftro, to reconcile
theii frowning Saint. Hee therefore, with hiswiues, walkesakirdeot procellion
through the Citie, fmiting his breaft, and clapping his hands with a mightie noyfe,till
he come at the fhore: And there they cut downc certaine boughes trcni the Trees,
and hang tliem on their neckes and play on a Tymbrell.

Then doth the Fetifcro turne to his wiues and expoftulates with them, and withall
hurlcthintothcSeaWheatandotherthinges as an offering to Feti^t, to appeafe his
difpleafure towards the Filliermen. When the King will facrifice to Fetiffo, hee com-
mands the Fetijferoto enquire of a Tree, whereto he afcribeth Diuinitic, what bee vv-;ll
demand. He with his wiues, comctoihc Tree, andi laheapeof afheSjtheieproui-
dedjprickesinabranch , pluckcdofF the Tree, and drinkingwatcroutof aBafon ,
fpouts it out on the branch, and then daiibcth his face with the afhes : which done

Kkkj hfe

652. of Guinea and other TZationsofKe^ros J zsrc. CHAP.15,

hcdeclarcththcKingsqueftion, andthcDeuilloutof the Tice makes an fw ere. The
Nobles alfo adore certaine Trees, and cfleeme them Oracles: and the Deuill fome-
times appcareth vnto them in the famein forme of a blackc Dogge , and otherwhiles
anfwereth without any vifible apparition. There are which worfliippe a certaine Bird,
* The Bird * which is fpotted and painted (as it were) with ftarres and tefembleth the lowing of a
Pitcoie. Bullinhervoyce.To hearc this Bird lowing in their iourncy , is to them a luckicbo-

d'ng, faying, /^<f^»j(/« makes them good promifes, and therefore fct him, in that place
where they heare it, a Veflell of Water and Wheat. And as the Earth and Ayre yecld
them Deities, fo the Sea is not behide in this liberalitie , but yeelds certaine Fiflicsto
their canonization. In this refped they take nottheTunic at all, and theSword-fifli
they take, but cat not till his fwotd be cut off", which is dryed , and holdcn in great
veneration. The mountaines would bend their fuUen browes, if they fliould not hauc
fome red letters in their Kalendar, to which their tops afpire, thrcatning to fcaleHea-
uen,oroucr-whelmethc Earth, if this Fetiffan portion did not pacific their angric
moode.bydailyprefcntsofmeat anddrinkefet thereon. Neyther can Nature alone
vfurpe this Prauilege but Art, in other things her emulous corriuall, and farre vnequal
competitor, in this matterof God-making,comrnonIy gets the vpper hand. And there-
fore they with their ceremonious Art can make them Fetiffos, orGods,atpleafure.
JFuncrall rites. Principally in their Funerals they obferue it : for when one is dead , they make a new
F(rf'jfoorRingofStraw,andpray itto beare the dead partiecompanie, and protefl
him in his iourncy into the other World. They lay the dead bodic on a Matte on the
ground, wind it in a woollen cloth, fet a ftoole vnder the head, which is couercd with
a Goats skin, the bodic is ftrawed ouer with afhes, his armes laid by his fides, his eyes
open : and fo coiltinueth halfe a day, his bcfl-beloucd wife fitting by (as the Husband
doth alfo atthc death ofhis wife) crying a^wr^, and wiping her face with a wifpof
ftraw. Women goe round about the houfc finging and beating on Bafons , and about
the corpfc likcwifc, and then againe about the houfe. The eldcft ijiiorimi or Gentle-
men, goe about from houfc to houfc withaBafon, wherein each puts the value of
twclue pencein Gold, with which thuy buy a Cow, with whofc bloud the Fetijfero ap-
peafeth the Fettffo, The friends and kinsfolkcs aflcmbling, prepare a Henne, and then
fetcingthemfcluesin a corner ofthe dead mans houfe, they place all his Ff r/jfoV on a
row, the grcateft in the middcft, adorning the fame with Garlands of Pcafe &Bcancs,
like to the Popifli praying-Beads. Then they fpiinkic the fame with the bloud ofthc
Hen and hang a chaine or Garland of hearbcs about their necks. After this.the women
fct the Hen, now fodden, i n the middcft of the FettJfo's,ar\d the Fetijfero takes water in
his mouth, which amiddeft hisExorcifmes and Charmci he fpouts on thofe Fetijfo'sfic
taking two or three hearbcs from his nccke, hcc rols the fame in forme ofa ball,whjch
after certaine ceremonies he layeth downe, and ib doth, till all his Hearb-garland bee
fpent;and then makes them all into one great bail , and therewith bcfmcarethhis face,
and thus is it made a Fetifo; and the partie deccafcd is now at reft. In the meane time
the deareli of his wiues fiileth all the houle with mourning, the neighbours and friends
with Songs and Muficke (fuch as they haue) and Dances. And at laft they take vp the
Corps, and carrie it to the Graue, v\ hich is digged foure foote dccpe, and couer it with
fiakes,th3t nothing may fall therein. The women creeping about the Sepulchre , cx-
poftuiatc with him, Why he would Icaue them ? Then doe they hurle on earth, fo that
none can get into the Corps; for he hath with his Hoiifhold, Armour, and whatfoeucr
he V fed in his life time; Wine alfo (if before he loued it) to drinke in the other World.
Laflly, they couer the Sepulchre with a Roofe, to defend all from Raine. IftheKing
dies, not onely greater folemnitie is vfed : but the Nobles thinking it neccffarie for fo
great a Perfonage to haue attendants , they offer vnto him, one,aferuant;another,a
wife; a third his ionne or daughter, till there be many of both fexes in that other life to
attend him. All which are fuddenly flainc at vnawares,and their bloudie carkaflesjbu-
ried together with the King. Yea, the Kings wiues which loued him bcft,retufe not
this lall and euerlafting feruice, as they fuppofe; but yeeld themfelucs to die, that they
may liue with him.The heads ofall thefe,thus flaine.are fet vpon poles round about the
Sepukh:e;Meat,Drinke,Rayment,Armes, and other Vtenfils arc added for their vfc,


C H A p .12. AFRICA. The fixt "Booke. 6^ 5

and buried with them. After the buriall they goc to the Sea, or Riuer, and their ob-
feriicotherRitesrfomewafliing, while others play on Bafons and Inftrumcnts. The
Widow or widower is laid backward on the water with diuers wordes of complain^
Ac laft they cloth them.returne to the dead-mans houfe.make great cheere,and drinkc
thcm'eluesdrunke. Thcy.invnccrtaintieof criminall accufacions, as of Adulteric,
Murther, and fuch like, haue a certaine water » offered them to drinkc by the Fetife- ^'J^ "^jj ^^
ro.madeofthofehcarbcs whereof their BzUFetifo is made, and in cffed like the ^ /,;,3t,„^„ /"
ciirfed water, 7\(«w. j. none daring to drinkc, for fearc of fudden death thereby, if

They dare not come out of their houfes in thunder : for then, they fay,tnany ofthem
arc carried away by the Deuill and tbrownc dead on the ground. When they pray
forRaine, they waflithemfelues and caft Water ouer their heads with diuers words, .
and fpitting in the water. Their Kings are elefliuc, andmuft beelibcrall, orelfearc nciriiing,
expelled.Once a yeare he makes a great feaft for the common people, buying : to that
end all the Palme-wine, and many Kine, the heads of which are painted and hanged
in the Kmgs chamber intcftimonieofhis bountie. Hee inuiteth alfo his neighbour-
Kings, Captaines and Gentlemen, and then prayeth and facrificeth to his Fettp,v<:\\\ch
is the higheft tree in the Towne. The men with Fencing , Drumming , Singing, Lea-
ping; the Women with Daunces , honour this feaft. Euery King holdeth his feaft a- foone after another,in the Sommer-timc. The King comes litle abroad.In the
Morning and Eiicning, hir Slauesblow or found certaine Trumpets made of Ele-
phants teeth; his wiues do then wafli and annoint his bodie. He hath alfo his Card. He
fits b (inflate) on a ftoole, holding in hishandes thetaile of aHorfe or Elephant to ^^'" tlirowns
driue away flies .• gallantly adorned, with Rings ofGold on his Armcs and legges and ^""^ fcepter-
riecke, with coral Beads allb.wherewithlikewife he maketh diuers knots on his beard. „. ,.,.
His children <^ (if they will haue any thing) when they are of age, muft get it : the com- ' " '""drcn.
men people would not like that he fhould maintaine thctn idle. Only he beftowes on
them their marriage gift, and a ilaue. They chufe by moft voyces <! a fucceflbur in a- <1 Succeflburi
nother kindred.who inheriteth the treafure of the dead King,and not his own children. , .
Controuerfics are tried <= by the Fet/Jferos Pot,as is faid : if it be for murthcr,he may re- fn La*^"^ '"
dceme his life with monie,one moity to the King , the other to the Courtiers : if he can- f Excriition.
not.thc Executioner^ binds his hands behind hiiTi,couers his face,leades him to a place
alone, and caufing him to knecle downc,thrufts him through, and then(ror before they
thinke him not dead) cuts off his head : and quartering the bodie.lcaues itto the foules
and beaftes. His head is boiled by his friends and the broth eaten, and then they hang
itby the F<f?/j7ff. They make folemne oathes and promifes on this manner: they wipe Promifcsot
thcirfaces, fhoulders, breafts, and all their bodies, on the foles of your feet, thrice fay- Oaths,
ing 74«,/^»,/-««,ftamping,kifring the Fetifo's^oa their armes,& Icgs.Theland is all the
Kings, & therefore they firft till his land, & then by compofition for themfclues. They
begin on a Tuefday, and when the Kings worke is done, haue a feaft in honour of their
Fa/j^,to profper their husbandrie. And now Icauing the Coafts of Guinea, Benm.Mc-
lcgete,and other Regions ofthe Ncgros adioyning to the Sea, we wil look back againc
into the in-land conntries:vvhereofGu3lata is i oo, miles diftant from the Ocean, and
hath already bin mentioncd.The next therun£o,in s Leos Relations,is Gheneoa,which %Ua Lj,
is not the fame with Guinea before metioned,ifZ,M had true intelligence, but is fituatc
betwixt Gualata,Tombuto,and Melli.and in one place bordcreth on the Ocean,whcrc
Niger falleth into the Sea. They had great Traffique with the Merchants of Barbaric.
They haue Gold vncoyned.andvfe alfo yron monie.There is ncyther Towne norCa-
ftle, but one, where the Prince, with PrieftSjDoftours, and Merchants refidc. Thofe
PiieftsandDodors goe apparrellcd in white , thercft inblacke or blew Cotton. In
JHlj,AugMji,7Lt\d Septemhr,N']get ouerfloweih it./z.c^i'*, the King of Tombuto, con-
quered it,and kept the King Prifoner at Gago.till his death. Melli is the head Citie of a
Kingdome.which hence taketh name,and hath in it great ftore of TcmpIes,Pricfts and
Readers or Profcflbrs, which read in the Temples, bccaufe they haue no Colled "cs.
They are more ingenious then other Negros.and were the firft thac embraced the Ma-
humetan Lzvi. lochia alfo fubdued them.



Of Guinea and other TSlations ofTsLegros^ qjrc. C H a P.15

a toty ra tran.

of Baibarie.
b Half<tom.z,

Tombuto was founded in the yearc of the Hegeira 6io.Anditis fituate within
twel'jc miles of a branch of Niger. There are many Wcls, to receiue the ouerflowing
waters ofN'ger- Salt is brought them fiue hundred myles from Tagazza , and is very
dcere. I, at my being there ((ayth Leo) faw a Camels burthen foide for fourcfcore
Duckits. The King had many Plates and Scepters of Gold , fome whereof weighed
ihirteene hundred pounds.Thcy which fpeake to him.cart Sand ouer their heades, as
Cadamtfto obferued at Budomel. The King would admit no lewes into his Citie, and
hateth them fo extremely , that hee would confifcatethegoods of fuch Merchants,
as held traffiquc with thcm.He greatly honoured men of Learning , and no merchan-
dize yeelded more gaine then Bookcs.Thcrc were many Iudgcs,Do6tors,ard Priefls,
to whom he allowed their ftipends.Thc people vfcd much dancing in the ftrects.from
ten to one a clocke at night. They mingle Fifh, Milke , Butter , and Flcdi together in
theirGallimaufieykindof diet, neither toothfomcnor holfome. Hamet , King of
Marocco ', conquered the fame Kingdomc t 5 89. and alfo Gage, and other Countries
ofthe Ncgros, cxtendmg his Empire (ix months iourncy from Marocco . by Camels ;
whofe riches thereby acquired, appeare in the letters oi Lawrence ^ Madoc and we be-
fore haue touched.

Gigo -s much frequented by Merchants and thinges folde at excefTiue rates. In an
hundred myies ipace you fhall fcarce find one in thofe partes that can tcade , or write :
and the Kmg accordingly oppreflcth them with taxations.

In Guber they fow their Come on the waters, which Niger, with his ouerflowings
brings vpon the Countrie, and haue abundan-t recompence. Iz^chta, King of Tombu-
to 'conquered the King of Guber; ot Agadezalfo , and of Cano , which haue great
ftorcof Merchants .Likewiic of Cafcna, and Zegzeg, and Zanfara; in whichlHndc .
little worth the remembrance. Cano hath fomc Rclikesof Chriftianitie, and they are
namea by the Apoftles names. Guangara was not onely o;"ppefled by the faid Jx^chia
of Tombuto, but by ey^haham King of Borno.

Borno confineth with Guangara on the Weft, and extendcth Eaflwardes fiue hun-
dred miles. The people haue nu Religion , neither Chriftian , lewifh, norMahumc- ff^hite tan; but likcBeafts liuc with their wiues and children in common : and as a Merchant
Long,Sbort,&c. which liued long amongft them, and learned their Language, to!d Leo^ they haue

Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 128 of 181)