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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 129 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 129 of 181)
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Andthe Nor- no proper <* names, as in other Nations, but as they giuc him iomcnameof diftinfti-
mans brought on by his height, fatneflc, or other peculiar accidents. The King warreth with hi»
neighbouis:hcisdefcendedof theLibyan people Bardoa. For maintenance of hi«
Warres hee<Will giue great prices for Horfes, exchanging fiftccne otiweniie flaucs
for one, which flaues he tooke from his enemies. When I was in this Kingdome,I
found there many Merchants that were wcaric of this traffiquc, becaufc they Haied for
theirflaues till the King returned from his Warres. YettheKing feemes tobeeri^h:
all his Horfe-fijrnitume, Stirrops* Spurres, Bridles, B't., were of Gold;3nd his Dlfhes,
PlattetSjOr whaifoeucihedid catordrinkein : yea.hischaines for his Doggeswerc
And in ancient for the moft partofmoft fine gold. He haihmanyboih white and blackcpeoplCjlub-

^o"c"r^na^^* '^'^foh™-

Cuuhei" Chn- Gaoga bordereth Weflward on Borno , and therjce trend'th to Nubia . betweene
ftian, ir ay bee ^^^^ Deferts of Serta on the North, and another Defcrt confining on a winding crooke
founri.Sothe of NiUis, about fiue hundred miles fquare. It hath neither C'uilitie, Letters, nor Go-
uernment. The inhabitants haue no vnderftanding, efpecially ; hey which dwell in the
mountaines, who goe naked in the Sommer-time,thcirpriuitits excepted. Their hou-
fes are made of boughes which cafily take fire. Tlicy haue ftore of catce^i. A hundieth



c Le», L.7.

iEucnouran-
ccftorsjthe Sa-
xons, had no
furnames, but
by fome acci-



ftome« of na-
ming mcii by
the place of
their habitati-
on; as the
Towne,Okf,
Stvlc , or their
Occupation.



Roman Crajji,
tiafones,c^c.
Vtd Camd.Rcm.
yerfleg antiq.



tamb.Per»m,oi ycares before Le«s time they were brought in fubie£tion by a Negro flaue , v. ho <-rft
Kent, flew his Mafter, and by hcl; e ofhis goods made prcyes in the next Regions, exchan-

ging hi» Captiues for Horfes ofJEgypv. and fo became King of Gaoga.His Nephewes
ioane Homara then Ta\gne<i , and was much refpeded by the Soldan of Cairo. Lea
was at his Court, and found him a man pafling libcrall. He much honored all that were
ofthe linage of Af^hamet.
«Strab«L,\7. The Nubsin old times were many Kingdomes, isStrabo affirmcth, not fubieft
tothce/£ihiopians:and were then Nomades, or Wanderers, and Robbers. Asitis

novy



Chap. 15- AFRICA. Theftxt^ooh. 655



novvtaken (/oi» Lm being our author) Nubia ftretchcthfrom Gaoga vnto Nilus.hj-
uing the Egpytian confines on the North;and the defarts ofGoran on the South.Thcy
cannot failc out of this Kingdom into Egypt.For ther iucr Nilus, whiles it is couetotis
oflargenefle,!oofethhisdecpcnes,andcouetingcertainePlaines,bccornmethroflial-
JovVjthatboth men and beafts may wade ouer. Dangala is their chiefe towne, and
hath ten thoufand Familics.but ill built, their houfcs being chalkcand llraw.The inha-
bitantswiththeirtrafficke to Cairo become rich.

There is in this Kingdomc grcatrtore of Corne and Sugar, Ciuit, Sandall, and luo-
ricThey haue a ftrong poifon,onc graine whereof giucn to ten perfons.vvill kill them
all in a quarter of an houre ; and one man,if he alone take it,prefently. An ounce herc-
ofis folde for a hundred ducats. It is not folde but to ftrangers, which firft take their
oath that they will not vfc it in their countrcy. And if any fell thereof fccretly, it cofts
him his life: for the King hath as much for cuftome as the Merchant for price.

SomeoPortugalstrauellmgthroughNubiafawmany Churches ruined bytheA- o e.Bet,t'e^.
rabians,and fome Images. The Icvvifh and Mahumetan lupcrditiort haue there almoft
rreuailcd. In old time they had BiHrops fent them from Romc,which by mcanes of the ^ ^*;r/.T/jMf,
Arabians was after hindered. _ c.jo.dM??.

The Nubian King warreth with the inhabitants of Goran , called 7. ingani ; who r Samtm 1.7.
fpcakealanHtiagethar noneclfe vnderlhnd; and with others in the defarts, on the o- irhcodeaa-
ther fide of N.lus,cowards theRcddcSea, whofe language fecmes to be mixt with the ^'."^ Strabmem.
Chaldxan,and rcfembles the fpccch of Suachcn,in the countrey oCPreFier lohn. They p^jj', ^ ^ g
are called Bugiha^zaA liue very miferably.They had once a towne on the Red Sea,cal- ^acrebin '
ledZibid,whof? Port anfwcrcth diredlly to thatofZidem , which is fortie miles from fom.Scip.l.z.
Mecca. This Zibid for their robberies was deftroyed by the Siiltan. 0?7f/;;«p faith, '■•i°-
that inNubia they were fometimes Chrifiian,and now arc fcarcely of any Religion at '^^^^"'"jf- ^"^''^
all. They fent into Prt/lfw->-/o6»/ countrey for Prierts, when Ji»areJ<lW3$ there tore- f,ealo/th"'^^
paire their almofl: ruined Chriftianitie.bucwisliout cfteit. . Sunn°c brines

5'rt»«r«/freckonshercothcrKingdomcs,Gothan,Medra,Dauma,whereofbecaufe thenaturalf
wehauelittlebutthenamcsjcanwntencthing. heatintothe

Now ifany would look that wefliould herein our Difcourfeof the Negro's alttgnc °"*wara parts,
fome caufe ofthat their black colour: I anfvvere,that I cannot well anfwere this que- makeihthem
/}ion,as being in it fclfe diftlculc,and made more, by the Varietie of anfwers , that o- bkcke of hew,
thcrsgiue hereunto. Some allcdge the hcateofthis Torrid Region, proceeding from and fcartullof
the dircvft beames ofthe Sunne ; and why then fhould ail the wefl Indies which ftretch ^"" : & moie
fromtheoneTropiketothe other, haue no bla eke people, cxcert a few in Qiiareca. "^^^Y^-^^^'^
which happily were not naturalls 01 the place ? And it this were the caule ; why Ihould thers /;/;.i.
Africa yceld white people in Mclindc,and nearc the Line ? blacker at the Cape oiGood ulmi Khe'd.
Hepfin;;^. then in Brafile vnder the Line? Some leauingthehotimprcfTionsinthe hath along
Aire.attribute it tolthe rJrinefle ofche earth : as though the Libyan defarts are not more '|''^P"ta^»on
drie, (and yet the people no Negro's) and as though Niger were here dried vp. Some, Lp^rbutalf"
to the hidden qualitic ofthe foile ; and why then are the Portugals children and gene- his rcafons
rations white.or Mutates at moft that is tawnic,in SKThomez. & other places amongft may as well
them,and the inhabitants ofMelinde,Madagafcar,and other places,in the fame height, conclude of
in and adioyning to Africa ? Someafcribcit (as Fieredotns)r.otheh\a.ckcneifeo(ibs ^""■«ri<^a>w''>
Parents fpermcor feede ; and how made they the fearch to know the colour thereof, bk^ke^ "°*
which if It hath (athing by others denied) by what reafon fhould it imprint this co- odotiJo loptx.
lour on the skinnc ? And how comes it that they are reddifli at their birth, yellowifh in & ?. Pigofeita,
age ? Some afcend aboue the Moonc,to call fome heauenly conftellation and influence '" ^^'^ iioiie of
into thi-« Confirtorie ofNature; and there will I leauc them-yea, I wil fend them further ^°"8°>*^«"'^
to hi.Ti that hath referned many fecrets of nature to himfclfc.and hath willed vs to con- ^c the caufe
tent ourfelues with things reueiled. Asfory^crff tbin^s,hoth in heauen and earth, they Ramiifiusjlnins
l>elo»g to the Lord our God,whofe holj/ l^me he hlejfedfor ener, for that he hath reueiled "ifcouife of
to vs things moft ncceffiry, both forbody and foulc, in the things of this life, and ^heRcd^ea, .

that which is to come. Hisincomprehenfible vnitit, which the Angels with couered ^"■■''^""'';''h2

' o colours ofthe

peopktothcdiffering(itcofplices,asofmountiines,low,wct,drie,&c. Some ccllatalc ofctiws knowing his
\ntc in the Aike,\vhereupon by diuine curfe his lonne Chus was blackc.wiih all his poftciitie.

faces



6$6



Of Guinea andothtr nations ofNegros. Chap, 1 5;



it Vnufi^fidi-
cipotejlvniffu
mus.Bernard.
u rid.l^oly-o'-l'-
X /».i7.ii.
Y Apti.T.& 1 4.



faces in their //"/y.^tf/r.^fl/r-hymncsrefound and L*ude\nTrimty , hath plcafcdia
this varietie to diuctfifie his workes, all fcruing one humane nature, infinitely multipli-
ed in perfons, exceedingly varied in accidents, that wee alfo might fcruc that' One^
wo.f?^"'' jthctawney Moore, blackc Negro, duskic Libyan, a{h-coloured Indian,
o!iuc-c.olouredAmcrican,fhould with the whiter Europxan become «»?y?»f«yf-/i/<if^
\nAtr one great Sheffheard,t\\\this mertslitie being firaRimed vp ofltfe, wee may all
» (;e e>te, M he and the f4tf)er are one ; Sc (ill thii varietie fwallo wed vp into an ineffable
vnitie) only the language cf Canaan be heard, only i the fathers name written in their
foreheads, the Lambs fong in their mouths ^ the victorious Palmes in tbetr hands ,
and their long robes being madewhiteinthebloudeftheLamb,vhom
thej follevf whither foeuer hee goeth , fiUingHeaucn and Earth
with their euerlafliig Halleluiah s,\v'nhoMt any more
diftinttion ofColDur,Nation,LangBagc,
Sexe, Condition, all may bee
Ont in him that
isOw E,
and onelji blejftd ftr



<



««fr;




Chap. 1.



657




RELATIONS OF THE

REGIONS AND RELIGI-
ONS IN AFRICA.

OF iETHIOPIA, AND THE

AfRIC A N II AN D S ; A N D O F

Their. Religions.

The Seventh Booke.



CHAP. I.

oft/£thiofia. Stiperior^ and the Antiquities thereof.

I'VT of Nubia we needed neythcr Talinurhshelpe,
norC/j4rtf«, tofetvs on the Ethiopian Territorie:'
., theSeaisfarrediftant, and the Riiier Nilus wfiich
partcththem, (whether loth to mixc hisfrcfh wa-
ters,with the Seas faltncfle, or fearing to fall downe
thofe dreadfullc C^/;!!r<j^/, or dreading themulti- ^ yi^^ falls of
todcofpits, which the Egyptians make in his way Nilus downe
to intrap him) hcerc fhev\ethhis vnwillingnefle to fromfteepe
paffe further forward, and diftraded withthefe paf- ^°'''"*
fionsjhath almoft loft his channell.diffufing himfclfe
in fuch lingering and heartlcfl'e manner, as man and
beaft dare heercinfult on his waters, and I alfohauc
aduentured to take the aduantagc of thefe fhallowes.and wade ouer into this ancient-
ly-renowned (.Ethiopia. The name t/£thiopia came from Ky£thifips, ^ihc fonnc of
Vulcan: before,it had beenc called ty£therta,inA after that y^rtefw, g Lydiatdcn. ^^coT"/^
uethe^thiopiaofvi/,andTiir6ift^,thclandof,orbeyond Thebais , which was called jEthiope ruka-
t/£gyptus Superior^ncxtto ^th\o}i>\z. Chprtcus faith, it is ^cnucA of ai^a , jpleudeo , mV.NXom.l.i,
2n6 o^'Vtffis ; oft he Sunnes burning prffiuce. Twoe/£thiopia*s arefoundin Africke,as S Lydiat.inc'
Plima h witneffeth out of Homer (fo ancient is the diuifion)the Eafterne and WcftCrnc. '"'^"d'remp.
And this partition is by fomcftillfollowed.as namely by '0/onW. Others diuidethe ^ ofor dereb'
fame into the Afiatike and African: Author hereof is Herodotus^ m his Po/j/mnia, gell.EmanHelU,
which reckoneth two forts of t/fthiopians in Xerxes huge Armie ; the Eaftern mufle- tib.^.
red vader the Indian Standards; the other,of Africa by thcmfelues, differing from the ^ HerodJf.

former




6$S



Of /Ethiopia Superior jO-c



Chap, I.



former in langu3ge,and their curled haire, £«/^^/;«f mentioneth t/£thiopiansncerc
the Riucr Indus, And to let paffe Paufanias s his fearch among the Seres fi^ Phi/oFira-
tui ^ at Ganges,for lome Aiian ix£thiopians; the Scriptures Teeme to mention an t/£-
thiopja in Alia. For Cap.ihc fonne ofCham, (of \Ahom fofephns > faiih the s^thiopi-
ans called themrclucs,and were called by others,CA«/i/j was Author,not oncly of the
ty£thiopians in Africa,but of many peoples of Arabia alfo in Afia,as yl/o/f/'' relatcth.
And hence perhaps it was that ^;>7rfw l and ty'tmron contended with A'fofes for his



f Euffb,Chro!f

g Paitfait.1.6.

in fne.

h i'lnloftratJs-

dewt.A\i.

i lolej'h.Antiq.

k G-^ii'io.J^ide wifcZ/fp^'^jbecaufefhe was an Ethiopian. Andyet wasfhean Midianite:butcal-
Ww^o^•■/">■f«"^'• led an EthiopiaUjinrefpeift of the neighbour-hood which Midian had to eyiEthiopta
^s- hm, OritntaUs ^z% VatabUu "^ obfeiueth out of the lewifli writers, or for that MiManis al-

1 7(im.ii.& foafllgnedtoEthiopia.takeninalargcr fenfe, as [z\t\\* C/tfiel^rard. /««i«« faith, be-
^F^^atdUs. caufetheMidianiccsdvvelt in that Region which was affigncd to Cw/Z'. AEthicmin



his Cofmography '




'f/i T^iiinM. nis \-oimograpr.y - affimicih.that Tygris burieth it fclfe,and runneth vnder ground in
" Genebr chion. Ethiopia j which 5«.%'/i;r;« interpreteth of Arabia: for otherwife Tygris waflieth no
Pfg.Tf. part of Africa.

r- ^-■'^"■""'^ S-AHgnFlme " afifirmeth.that the Region Northwards from the reddc Sea, and fo e-

n 'aw dcMi- "^" toIndia,was called ^Ethiopia OrtcKta/u. This difiinftion is fiill acknowledged
rabil.iac. Scrip- by later ° Writers. And therefore it is needlcflc to fetch A^efes a wife out of Ethiopia
turic,l.t. beneath Egypr,to interfrete that place. For fo P lefephm as we fliall after fee, lelleth

oF.Ribeya.com. ^f ^ ^^.jfg ^^lijch Mofes'm his profperitic,beforehis flight,married from thence,
Infophctuc.l. yj^jj obferuation is very neceflary.becaufcthe Scriptures often mention Ethiopia,

Vo^iUf when no part of Africa can be <\ vnderftod,as Genef. 1. 1 5. where one of the Riuers of

"'""' Paradife is faid to compafe the whole l.wd ofCftP:,or Ethiopia. And fo in other places,
C«y7;,or AEthiopia. Learned lunius r obferueth, that Cup} is cy ther a proper name.as
(7 ffw/ I o,or common to the people that came of him : it is alfo a nartie attributed to
cbwMstn Onu- ^^^^^ Arabia's.to the two (African) Ethiopia's.and to all the Southernc trad by the
p lofeph.Ant.U Perhap. Gulte,

q Gibbim.in Lcsuing that Afian Ethiopia, which already we haue handled vnder other names,

Ccn.i q.6.v J. ^^,g ^^.ju ,-,q^v proceede in our African iourncy, where we finde in^Ptolemienoi fo exail
r JunmGm.i. j^f-fiptio,-, [hereof, as in later Geographers,being then in the grcateft part vnknown.
'""' ■ t ^.[p;»«;maketh Ethiopia to containc two of thofefeuen parts, whereinto he diui-
deth Africa : one of which he calleth i^yf Ethiopia Superior, and Interter, which for the
mo!i part is fubied vnto the Chriftian Prince, called in Europe PrieFtor Premier lohn :
t\\to\.\\QX., Inferior 7ix\diSxterior^ is all that Southerly part of Africa , which was not
knownetothe Auncicnts, This doth not altogether agree with Homers^ diuifion,
(whole Geographies S'rrii^tf hath fo largely trauerfed and admired.) For howcould
Homer, 01 any in his time attaine to the knowledge of thofe remote partes ? Neyther
yet may we reieft that renowned Poet, feeing this partition may fcruevsnowinthe
better difcouerie of places , where we may reckon all that to the Wefterly Ethiopia,
which from Guinea ftretcheth to the Cape of Good hope; and thence to the Red Sea
Northwards, to the Eaftcrly; Nilus,and aline from thehcad thcrofvmo the aforefaid
Cape.bcing the Arbiter in this diuifion. But to let pafle this curio fitie hi caruing,vvhen
all is like robe eaten. vvc will begin at Ethiopia vndcr Egypt, and fo take the countries
in our way, going from the Red Sea, till hauing doubled the Cape, we come from the
Abalfine Chriftians,to thofeof Congo on the EthiopianOcean.
y PtoLl.n.c.7. Aethio^ta fub Aegjpto((o the Geographers v call this part) hath on the North.E-
Dom.Niger. gypj , q,-, j^e Weft, Libya Interior; on the Somh, AEthiopia Agiftmba • on the Eaft,the
Afrruxom.i,. j^j-jj^. and Barbarian Seas,to the Promontory ^rfP/«»»,which Orfe/w/^placeth about
a Mc-cdt Tab Q»}\o3.,Pirie a cills it Q^ilinranci : Merc.ator interprets Magala,The AbiMme Empire
vnmcrfalts. is by our hte Writers entendcd furthcr.recciuing for the Southerne limits, the Moun-
Tone before taines of the Moone ; and tor the VVcfterne,the Kingdome of Congo,the Riuer Niger,
^<'''* and Nubia: and therforecontaynethy4(?//j;op/<«/«^v4f^)'pf(7, and befides TVo^f^^z/ycrf,

'iLi '^* ' C'w«.j;w3w»f<fr;«'2^<'^/o,andpart of the inner Libya. Trueitis,thattheGreatNcguzhis
D-'fcnptionof titles Comprehend thus miich,yet rather (fay fome) as a monument of what he hath
tiieWorld. had. then an euidenceofwhat he hath: The Turkes in the North, the Moorcs onthe
WclLand others otherwhere circumcifing this circumcifcd AbiiTine : and now accor-
ding



Cdluin
in Ce-
ment.



f PtoU.^c.6
t Mdvnus.



u mm.Odjf.
tnimiio.
X Stfib.l.i.
per tolim.



Chap. 2. AFRICA. The feuentb 'Booh, 659



ding to >" "BetevM and Barriw, the Lake Barccna is the Center of his Dominion.But e-

ucn ftill Friar " Lnjfs de Vrreta,^\\iQs him both all before named and more. The name TuJienmu'

Abifliuc or AbalTine.which is gmcn to this Rcgion,7v(/^fy <> deriiieth from the Egypti- n ' F.Uiyi b'jlor.

an word Abiif:s,vi\\\c\\ {Strabo P rcporteth) they gaue to all inhabited places,compaf- de Eihii/fi.i.

fed with great defarts,and fituate therein, in manner as the Hands in the Sea : three of " vam.,\iger,

which Abafes.hc faith,vvere fubied to the Egyptians. Scaliger q faith,that the Arabi- I* ^^^f^'^' ^"

ans call thefe Ethiopians £lhakifchi^hcnct they arc vfually named Abafllius ; & this ^^^"3^.'"' *

With him is an argument, that they are not natiues of the place , but thither dciiucd

outof Arabia. Forthe Abafeni are by t^r^w/^ in 5f<'p/^.t»;^M placed in Arabia- Thuri-

fcra : whofe words arc thefe ; ■■AV«tf-iiroi'i'^c© - Vfa/Si«fO'yp5tV/ofl» Aptf/SWc Tp/ra, u.{\^ ^ Stfp.mMio.

This I haue inferred out ofi'<rf^'<»»« for latisfying the more iudiciou3.iV«/;jr«yaddeth
that the language in which their EcdefiaHicall and facrcd bookes are w ritten,!s as far
from the true t^thiopike,as the Dutch or Italian, The tongue is molt elegant.if care
and dilif'ence be added : and is called Z,«^f rf/f ,becaufc ^he Arabian Conquerors(ther-
fore only free) did vfe it. The Ethiopians themfelues call it Chaldee; yet is itneerer
the Hebrew then the Chaldec.it is onely learned by booke,and of their Priefts. They
indeed haucother Hiftories of themfelues, from the floud downewaids,but whereto a
man muft not rafhly giue credit.They call themfelues Ethiopians.

To take now fome exa(5ter view of thefe parts; kauing thofe ' lewifli monftrous fa* fvide Mtm-
blesof monfters of thrcefcore and ten cubits, and their great lies of the little Pigmey- y^f*". irifme I.e.
Chriftians, with fuch other ftufFc,fit for them to write,who are iuftly credulous of t /tes ^ ^ ^.^ .^ ^^ .
^tfC4«/^ rj!?#)'^f/*fa<'<:i»ot7'r«f^: let vs fee what others haue written, both of the peo- * ^'

plcandplace; andfirfi ofthefirft.andmoftancientRclations,

TheCataraftsorfallsofNilus.whichfeparate t/£thiopia from Egypt, are by the
moft Authors reckoned two.the greater & the lefle : Stefhaniu addeth a third at Bon-
chis.an Ethiopian Citie. Thefe areMouutaines which incroch vpon the Riuer, and
•with their loftie lookes and vndermining trecherie.hauing drawne vp the earth.which
fliould afford him a channell.imo their fwelling and ioynt confpiracie, as with a mixt
paffion of feare and difdainc, make the waters in their hafi and ttrife oucrchrow them-
felues downe thofe fteepepaflages: thebillowes bellowing and roaring fo terribly
with the falljthat the. inhabitants (as fome" a ffirme) which dwell ncare, are thereby „ Thisrepor-
made deafe : and thcRiuer amazed and dizzie,whirles it felfe about,forgctting his tri- tcth ciccroin
Bute to 7\(>p/«w,till forced by his owne following waters, he fets, or rather is let for- M^'-'/' & cals
wardonhisiourncy. , f/f'"'^"

They arc ' now called C^fW^;, which fignifieth Noyfe.of thofe drtadfull and hide- ^ /M*'.Ba-»/»-
ousout.criesjwhich there are caufed.Thus faith Berrmdefius of thofe falh in the King, de^tuunuiat.
dome of GoiamCjWhich rufh downftom a rock almoft halfea league high, and fteep, JEthiopica^
founding like thunder. /

Betwixt thefe falls and Meroc,5'fr^|*yplaccth the Troglodyte, of which wehaue y Strab.117.
'alreadiefpoken: aad the Blemmyes, Nuba^^ind Afegahn, They stc Afomades , with-
out Townc or habitation j^ndaddided to robbcric. /'rof*^ '«^ ^^ teftifieth , that thefe "^ Procop.de
were accuftomcd to doe much damage on the Romane confines: and therefore D*o- BclhPcrfcoli.
^/(r/;<i« brought them out oftheir barren Territories, and gaue them Elephantina, and
thcRegionadioyningfor habitation, communicatingtothem the Roman rites and fu-
pcrflitions,and built the Citic Philas,in hope offuture friendfliip.C<c/f/»* ncn animum ;
they changed the foile not the foule, but were no IcfTe iniutious to 0<</;'/,and other the
Roman fubictfts. They worfhipped fome Gods, borrowed of the Grecians ; Ifis, anci
0/)m,ofthe Egyptians; and Pni«/'«/. ThcBlemmyesalfo offered humane facrificcs,
with cruell inhumanity.to the Sunne.tili luBimaKS time, who tooke away thofe blou-
dte deuotions. As for the tale that thofe Blemmyes wanted heads, and had their eyes
and mouthcs in their breafts,the Authors had eyther no eyes to fee the truth , or more
head then they fhould to dcuife lies : as we may fay ofother fhapelefl'e and monftrous
fliapes of pcople,which » Plmieznd SoUnm^ out ot other Authors report , to inhabice
thefevnknown parts : fome wanting lips, fome noftrils,forae tongues,ormoutbci,&c. 1 ^ ''^[ ' ^''' °
indeed all wautingtruth.Rather would Lcounfell the ftudiousoiGeographie,to]earn Solm/i^tcap.^?,

Lil ihc



66o Of j^thiopia Superior ji^t. Chap,!,-

the names of the Peoples and Nations of thefc Regions, of F//»<e and SelwMsx which
bccaiifc we haue but names ofthem,! forbearc to name.

Mtroe doth inuite me to a longer entcrtainement,bcing an Hand whichNilus with
Ibuely embraces clafpeth about.according to lefiphuj and Cedrenus , fometimcs cal-
led S*i>(t,i% now alfo the Abiflines name it ; the Egyptians call it NauU Babe • the in-
habitants,X^«^f; our Maps, Gne£ere;to which Theuet addeth more, 1^ if not more
b mJiGirius, theatruth. TheIIand,aftcr«Hf/WorK/(the Bifliop of Tricca)his Defcription, is
Micrmkij,&c, ' three fquare,each of which triangle limits are madeby three Riucrs, Aftaboras,and A-
Opinhnes lege a- fafoba ; (Strah calls it y^Jlaf us, znA yiJiofabM})\.\\\s from the South, that from the ; E«ft
fud Qrtdtm in drowning their names and waters with Nilus .:it is in length jooo.furlongs.in bredth
^^hT!? /'fl looo, plentiful ofElephantSjLionsjRhinoccroteSjCorncandtrecs.bcfides her hidden
'ji.'.hmica'i [o. trcafurei,and mines ofyrcn, braflc,fiIuer,gold, and fait. It hath alfo Heben wood, as
d Lucanil:'. ' Ltica»^rmgeih,Lteta.cemi^ HebeniAirccdiiedthzt nMXic^ oiMeroe , fi(\et oi Cam-
c Nigtrxem. hyfts, or after f Eufehms ,0^ Mmda,t\\z mother ofChenephru, King of Egypt. They
'^^^•l* . vvordiipped a Barbarian God,andbelides,/'<j«,//<'rfrt/f J, and //T/. g They caft their

?r iT* dead into the Riuer.othcrsrefcrued them at home in glafl'efluines, others in earthen
ftwas'befoic receptacles buried them neerc to theirTcmples. They clkcmed them for Gods, and
called Saba, fware by them. They ordained him King.who excelled in fliength.or in perfon.or in
{aith lofepb. husbandrie of cattell,or in wealth. Their Pricftsenioycd the chicferanke of honour,
Aat 1.1, ^,ho fending their Herald or Mcflengcr,enioyned the King his death , and fct vp ano-

ther in his roome. At length acertainc King abolifhed this cuflomc, and rufhing
with his armed SouIdiersintotheirTcmple, where was a golden Chappell , flew all
h PaufanJ.i. thofePrefts. This was at Meroe the head Citieofthelland,where/'<i»/^»/*f '> faith)
they fhewed the Table of the SuQne,and that they were the iuftcfl men of all the t/£-
thiopians.

Concerning that Tablc.and the expedkiOrt of C^wj^^/^ into thefeparteSjH^TSi/of**
iUerod.rhx- Jrelateth ; he affirmeth,that C^w^^/f/defigned at once three inuafions; igainftthc
liciJ-i. Carth3ginians,thcAmmonians,andMacrobians fall in Africa.) Thefe laft haue their

names of their long liues,which they draw forth farre beyond the vfuall courfe. Hee
k Tomp.Mel. placeth them on the South fhores of Afric3,but Mela ^ in Meroe : Seneca^ Plinie, and
/.j.c.io. Sa/initsheyond. ThatTab/e of the SuHtie, Herodotus ind yWf/.«,thusdefcribe. Neere

to the Citie was a place alvvayes furnifhed with varietic of rofted meates , there fet in
the night by the Magiftrates.and eaten on the day by fuch as lifted, and therefore of
this open feafting.called the Sunnes table : whom the ignorant people alfo thought
to be the Cater of thefe dainties, (^dmijfes fent an Embaflfagc vnto the King with
prefentSjbut principallytoefpie the Countrcy; whom the Ethiopian requited with a
Bow.and bade that the Pcrfians ftiould then inuadc the Macrobians, when they were
abletofhooteinfuchbowcs : thanking God that he was contented with his owne.
And becaufe he had fent him golden chaines, he akkcd to what vfe they were; tlicy
faidjfor ornaments : he anfwered with fmiling, thinking them to be chaines for pu-
nidiment. That he had ftronger fetters then thofe. The like account he made of his



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 129 of 181)