Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 13 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 13 of 181)
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wid e and fpacious fields, ripe thereunto. out the vaiia-

But to returnc to our parts of the World,whence this meditation hath withurawnc tioo of die
me. The ancient ^ Geographers were ignorant of a great part ofthat threefold di- Compjflc,
uifion: asappcarethby their owne Writings. The vfeof the Loadftone, foundouE jn^'QUi,lijl'
by /o/;« ^ow ofMclfi, an Italian (or as <= 5f//o«/«j obferueth, by one F/^«?«j-, but Rcb.Um.i.hb.i.
«^//&frf«/cJV^<;^>?«-r was the firft that writ of the nature of it) wasagrcatandnecef-^l.
fariehelpe to further Difcoueries.efpecially after that fTfw/f Tonne of /o/^,v the firft, 'id.Dam.ii
King of Portugall;<^ began to make voyages of difcoucrie vpon the Coafl of Africa, Goes dcmo-r.Ae-
and/oi»thefecondfeconded thatEnteiprife, and vfed the helpc of Mathematici- ^rtlnihtflind
ans, ^derigeznii lofeph his Phyfieians.and C^tartinHehemus^ by whom the Aftro- This Hwris of
labe was applied to the Art of Nauigaiion, and benefit ofthe Mariner, before vied Portugal, the
onely in Altronomic.This /o^«alfo fentmen ofpurpofe into Arabia, andAethiopia, greatDircoue-
and other Countries ofthe Eaft, to learnc further knowledge thereof. From thefe be- [^/',^^!,f^'? ^°'
ginnings, daily encreafing.hathNauigation (firttin Portugall, and by degrees in o- x.zrtoUbnoi
iherEuropxan Nations) by thehelpeof AHronomicallrulcsgrownetoherprefcnt Gaii,nthy)\i%
perfedion, and by it, Geograjrhie. And if the longitude of places might as eafily be fiift wife .- fo
found out as the latitudc,which our Countriman Mafter L;«;o;; made ^ promife of.vve *^f ''X ^^^
fiioi;ldyet grow to better knowledge in thole Sciences, and of the Worldby theitio' '^°t^''="fi<is
Moreouer, as thcExpedition oi Alexander ^•s.'aA thofeflounfliing Monarchies in Afia, j|^ GM^Hift.
broughtfomc knowlegethereofto the Ancients :Sothc Hiftoriesof htertimcs,but ofSpaine.'.i?.
cfpeciaily the great Trauels by Land oiCMarcttsTaulHs, Odorietts, kFtll. de Rubriu Htyem
cjntsjoannes de Plana Carpini^ouzCouMnmza Man^euile, and others, before this ^«'''?''".
ikillofNauigation, haue giuen much light to the knowledge ofthe in-land Coun- ^ Complc-
uiesofAfia.whichwearefiratofpeakeof. , SnW

AstortlicCirckSjthcc^ijuiaoaialljYvhichparteththeGIobeinthemiddeft.the t;on. '

» F Tropickcs

CO A GeG^r^phkallNarration of the Earthy C5"C. C H A p,p.

a EiieryRcgi- Tropickcs ofCancer andCapiicorne 2 5. degrees 2nd a halfe from cither hdcofibc
onwhcieiht Equinoiliall , the Ardike and Amanftike Circles i;. degrees and a halte from the
loiigtll dsy is -^^.^^^ ^,^^ Souih Poks, or not much differing (which are vfuaily fct in Manpes witb
ion-ctornior- tea or douDic hnes, fordiftinction:) 1 he Meridians, which are Circles palling ouct
ttr then it is our heads, in what, part of the World focucr we be,and alfo through both the Poles-s
in any other the Horiz-on, which diuideth the vppcrhaUc of thc World which wee fee, from the
Rcgion,iiiuft net'ncr haifc which we fee not : the Parallels » of Latitude from the Equinodtiall to-
Inafcurrall '^'^^'^^ ^''''" P®'^= "T*^^ Climes or Climates, which are the fpacesof two Parallels :
c!in-.r.te from A!fo the tearmcs of Poles, which arc two, the Ardlike, and the Antar6like ; and the
it; haifcwher- Axlctree of the World (a right line imagined to paffe from the one to theother,
"f isal^jralcl: through the Centre of the Earth:) the Degrees, containing 60. miles (or attci Cor~

io ih« be- r^eijpis ^^ Ihdits,6io9'; i naces.and aficr other Authors otherwife according as they

twccn the line , i,i-j - iu r ilt-u -i- iri

and the Polar ^'''"^ dihcred in opinion touching the mcaliirc 01 the harth,or touching the turlongs,

ci.^kart4>^. miles, and degrees, which they vied in their computation; the varieticu hereof both
Parallels, and ancient and modernc among the Greekcs, Romans, Arabians, Italians,Spaniards,an<l
aj.chmateson others, MaUer /y?/<?j eurCoiintrimanhath fludioiifly collcded: into po.ofwhkh
'^h \ degre s cucry fourth part of the world is diuidcd, and amount in the whole to 760.

itiail.Bcyo-id Alio the Geographicall tcarmcs oi Littus. Fretitm, lKJ:'.l.i,Si;7Us, font wens, Pro^
the Polar cir- montorw.m. Isthmus^ that is .Shores, ftraits,Iflands,Baye£jCoutincnt, Capes or Head-
cks.thisdiftri- lands,Neckcs of Land, and fuch like : All thefe(Ifay) and other things of like na-
butionisim- ture,necdfuil to this kinde of knowledge, ihcltudious fliall findein thole Authors
piopci an vvhith teach the Principles of Aflrouomie and Geographic, with the vfcof Globe*
the «1 ayes en ' °^ Mappes , as M^ 'BUtndeuile^ M ^ Hues ar.d others ''.

crsaGiig whole My intent is not to teach Geographic, but to beftow on the ftudious of Geogra-
<iaycs,wcckcs, phic,a HiHorie of the VVor!d,fo to giue him flcflivnto his bones, and vfc vnto his
monthes, &c. "j-lieoric or Speculation, whereby both that skill may be confirmcd,and a further and
r. i\ mor.exccUent obtained. Gcorcraphic without Hilioriefecmcth a carkafie without
f.i cK.H.iesde lite and motion : <^ Hifloric withoutGeographiemoueth, butinmouing wandrctn as avagrantjwiihoutcertainchabitation. And whereas Time and Place are twinnes
\u^i:im.S)U. andvnleparablc companions, in the chiefcHiflories tofct downethe true time of
*^'.°|^'!a w^!' chlefc Accidcns, will adde much light to both; agrcattaskcin oneCountrcy: but
kvt'w-v ;;i: the totakc vp the whole Worldon my llioulders, which haucnot the Ikcngth either ef
Aucienc arc tyrttUs or Hercules to bcare it ; and in the whole to obferue the dcfcription of Places,
not herein to order of Times , and the HiRorie of Adions and Accidents, cfpecially Religions
betoilowcd. Co.'/; r<j/^;<rcj-rf;/ fi/p/f.v, thricc happic hethat could happily atchicuc it) I confeCTe be-
b ^■'J''d.i»- 'l( J abilitic exai^ly to performe ; but with the wiici}, I hope that tha haughtiues

SaC.BcLu.CI.Wl- J J , ^ - r ,< f ■ ■ II 1 n- o 11 I I 1-

;;j VmlusS'.m- ofthc Attempt in a thing lo full of varietic and hardncfle, fiiall rather purchale par-
lc'us,A.A!:v-^- don to my flipo'is, then blame for my rafhncffc. Andhowcan I but often flip, that
W;m, b Kfclier, n-iake a perambulation ouer the World, thatfce with others eyes, that tell of mat-
S.liem.Ccog. t^rs pad fo many Ages before I had a being. Yetfuchis thenecclTitie of fuch a Hi-
km^^lftit lac fiof'C: cither thus, or not at all. But as neere as 1 can, I purpofe to follow the beft cui-
Ch{]i:ciui (kog, dence, and to propound the Truth : my fault (where it is worCl) fhall be rather men-
R. neco/d. Ca- daciA diccre^ then Kcntiri, and yet the Talcf man fhall be fct by the Talc, the Authors
f;k of Know- name annexed to his Hiftorie, to (l-aeld me from that imputation.
^ '^.f^/'i^T'", And firlUvcmufl begin with A s i A,to which the firfl place is due, as being the
Gl»iph'yt&c. pl^" ofthc firft Men, fiilt Religion, firfr Cities, Empires, Arts: where the moft
c w w. hijiorid things men ioned in Scripture were done ; the place where Paradife was feated ; the
^3 aculiu pru. Arkc reflcd;thc Law was giuen;and whence the Gofpell proceeded : the place which
d-.'iM jfulitw., jjj J bear'e Kim in hi sfl'lh, th^ix by his Word beareth vp all things.
''« S'l'^'^a Afia ( after d fome ) is fo called of e^/.z, the daughter of OceaKf/s and Thetis ;
^en hllone. ' which was wife to I.rpetMs, mother oi' Prometheus : Others fetch this name from yifiut
B:)cl Mcth.c.i. thcfonne of (JlLifsaus ; both with like ccrtaintie and credit. It is greater then Europe
o-fiui'-^fai>hM and Africa: yea, the Iflands thereof arc larger, if they were put together, then ail

cov^iemur (hI Europe. It is compafled with the Eallcrnc, Indian, and Scythian, Oceans, en three
fetiiffifiPhyfi- '^ * J > ./ , , /-,Afi-uamiam,& Cco^a^hiaet. i A, MagmuG'tufdM An\m B[(tor,ind.Oncnt.C(>mcl.dcludieii. Air, Oriel & alf,

parts . ASIA. The fiT ft, 'Booh. 5/

" i

parts:ontheWefttt hath the ArabianGulfc, that neckc of Land which diuidethit
from Africa, the Mediterranean, Aegean, PontikeScas, the Lake Mxotis, Tanais,
with an ima*" intd line from thence to the Bay of S. NichpUs. Some make it yt lar-
ger- and make Nilus to diuidc it from Africa, but with leflc reafon. Taurus diuideth
U in the middeft: On the North fide is that which is called Alia interior: on the South
is Afia exterior. More vnequall is that diuifion into Afia the greater and the lefTe, this
beinolefle indeed^ then that it fliouldfuftaine a member in that diuifion. lo. Barrim
diuicfeth it into nine pzns,Orteliw into fiue,c^^^(»w into feuen, which arc thefe :
Firft Th3tpartofTartaria,betvvixtMufcouia,theNortherne Ocean, theRiuet Ob,
and the Lake Kytai, and a line thence dravrnc to the Cafpian Sea, and that Iflh.nus
which is betwixt that and the Pontikc Sea :fecondly,the great ^^4WjCountry,from
thence to th^EaUcrne Sea, betwixt the frozen Sea and theCafpian: thirdly, That
which is fubic<ft to theTurke,all from Sarmatia and Tartaria Southwards, betweenc
Tigris and the MediterraneanSea: fourthly. The Perfian Kingdome, bctvveenethc
Turke Tartar India, and the Red Sea; fifthly, India, within and beyond Ganges,
from Indus to'Cantan : fmhly. The Kingdome of China: feuenthly, The iQands.
Thefe Diuifionsarenot fo exa:;t as may beewifhed, bccaufe of that varietie and '
vnccrtain-ieunhofeKingdomes. Many things doth Afia yeeld, not elfewhere to be
had; Myrrhc, Frankincenff, Cinnamon, Cloucs, Nutmegs, Mace, Pepper ,Muske,
and other like', bcfides the chiefcft lewels. It hath alio mineralls of all forts : It nou-
rifheth Elephants, Camels, and many other Beafts, Serpents, Fovvles, wilde and
tame, as in the enfuingDifcourfc,intheir due places, fliall appeare; yet doth it not
nouri'flifuchmonftrous (hapesof men, as fabulous Antiquitie faioed. It brought
forth that Monfter of irreligion, (JM^homet ; whofe Seft, in diuers Se(fts,it foftereth
withlont; continuance of manifold Superflitions. It hath now thofe great Empires
of the Turke, Perfian, Mogore,Cathayan,Chinois: it had fometimes the Parthian,
and before that, the Pcrfian, Median, Aflyria,n . Scythian : and firft (as it feemeth) be-
fore them all, the Babylonian Empire vnder Ntmrod, which is therefore in the next
place to be fpoken of.

C H A p. X.

of Bahy Ionia ^ the origimll of idalkr'te : ctnd the Chaldeans jdnttquities
before the plsady ;f:fBER.osv-s hath reportedthem.

Onfufioncaufed diuifion ofNations,Regions,andReHgions, Of this
confufion (whereof is alreadie fpoken) the Citie, and thereof this
Countrcy tookc the name. » Plime makcthitapartof Syria, which aP/w./.f.c.u,
he cxtendeth from hence to Cilicia, b 5/r/(^eaddeth,asf3rreas the b,i(4
PontikeSea. But it isvfually reckoned an entire countrey of it felfe,
which <= Ptolemey doth thus bound. On theNorth it hathMellpota- c Vtol.Geoffa,
mia.on the Weft ty^rabiaDeferta; Sufiana on thcEaft ; on the South^part of Arabia, Itb.^
and ihe Perfian Qulfe.Lwjt'msl^eth Babylonia <* apart of Mefopotamia: Ptolemey ^ Aa.7,x\.
•more Itriitly diuideth them; whereunto alfo agreeth the interpretation « of the Lund c 7). wiUet'iH
of.?^/war, that it was thelower part of Mefopotamia,containingChaIda;a and Baby- Dan.c4f,t.q,i^.
loiijiying vnder the Mount Sangara. In this Country was built the firft Citie which
wercade of after the Floud, by the vngratefull world, moued thereunto (asfome
thinke) by N(mrod,i\\c fon of O^fi, nephew of Cham.Voi as fains pofteritie before
the Floud,wcre called thefo)ines ofMe»,zs more fauouring the things.of men then of
God : more induftrious in humane inucntions,then religious deuotions:fo by Kloahs ,
Curfeit mayappcare.andbytheNationsthatdefcendedof him,thatC/;<e»« was the
firft Author,aftcrthe Floud.of irreligion.Neither is itlike^lhathe which derided his
old father, whom Jge, HoUnejfc, Fatherhood, benefit s,d,nd thrice great eji FmSiion of
Menarchk, Prtefthoed, andTrofhecie, fliouldhaue taught him to reuerence : That

F 2 • he

52 OfBahjloniaj theOr't^imll of IdoUtrie^ (src. Chap .{o*

iGen.xo.g. he ([ fay) which at once could breakc all thefc bonds and chaines of Nature and Hu-

Vxu'll'ifilr"^ aianitie, would be held with any boads ofReligion ; or could haue an eye of Faith

cm'wJta. ' ^° ^^^ ^'"^ which is inuifible, hauing put out his eyes oiT^afon and Cmilttte. Had he

hicjh.z4.i, feared God, had hcc reuerenced man, had hee made but profcflion ofthefe ihinos in

i "«'/* de Alt- fome hypocriticall /hew,he could not fo eafily haue fittcn down at cafe in that Chaire

tiq. Method, of Scornmg, whence we reade not that euer he arofe by repentance. From this Chnm
k Th-buildinff "'■"'= VVw^'""^. (thfmight/e hunter before the Lord ■, not of innocent bcafts, butof
of Babel was '"^"^ coiiipelling them to his fubie(aion,although '^ah and Sem wei c yet aliue,\vith

An.Mund 17^7 many other Patriarchs.
ind/ibraham As for A^M^, the fabling Heathen , itislikc, deified him. The^i^ro/^joffablin'T

7'sZTJtzt ^''"'«^."'l"^i him Father of the Gods, Hcauen, Chaos, the Soule of the World'.

Brlei/««" ^"""^ h'^ double face might fceme to haue arircnhcnce,of A^o^^^ experience of both

!«,and others Ages, bcforc and after the floud. The fable of S Saturmts cutting oft'his fathers priui-

So.yeres later, ties might take beginning of that aft,for which Ch^m was curfed. Scm is funpofed to

Bucthelewifh be that ^f/<rA;/f^frA King of Salem , the figure of the Lord, and the props j^acor of

feroLmKal-' "^^ R«'l'g'o"; although cuen in his pofteritie it failed, in which ty4hak,wj

l^a, Si.sed.xr 0- ''^""^fl^th^' /<7/^«^,fcrued other Gods./tff^mpietie caufethvs to perfwadc our felucs

Urn z«fj,make good things of him; C^amSihis pofteritie we fee the authors ofruine.'T'Wo and Me-

it 540 yercs. thod/w (fo are the two bookes called, but falfely) tell, That in thcfe daycs they began

*'°"i^']f '^""'^ todiuincbyStarres.andto facrifice theirchildren by Fire; which clement A/;»lw

[crurcunT'the <^°"^P^"^'^ "^^'^ ^° worfliip: and that to Icaue a name to pofteritie,they cngraued their

word^ofW names in the brickes wherewith Babel was builded. d^^^-r/wrefufingtocomnumi-

fes in hU dahs, cate with them (and good caii{c,for ^ he was not yet borne)was caft inro their Erick-

(Phalegs);*? kill, and came out (long after from his mothers wombe) without harme. Nahor Lot

Td'T\^ tit ^"^ °''^" '^'^ fcllowes,nine in numbfcr,faued themfelucs by flight. ' Others addc'that

d3ic°ia'the ^'''""' ^^'■'^'^^ brother, was done to death for rcfufing to woxfhip the Fire, '^i

«nd of his life Bani^.m non odit^ amet tua carmina C^id'Hi.

K. Abrahim u- To come to truer and more ccrtaine reports, Mafet faith , That the bcginninfr of
wira numbrcth 7\^;>;r<?^jKingdome wi^sTahel.andErech,'" and ^ccad, a>idCa/>3e,yAh\chtbiee {oivc
^to'^kalum"^ interprete Edclla, Nifibis, Callinifum. And whereas commonly it is tranflated in the
z^tyeTreT "^^"^ words. Out of that Und came ^/J;ur^a»d built NtmHe,TremelliHi and lunim read
1 Chronic be- it.Out of this land he (JVimrodJwent into J/hi^r OT Aff^rh, and built Niniue and Re-
fore the Bible, hoboth, Calah, and Refen. But " moft vfually this is vnderflaod ofey4/hfrr the fonnc
Gm. 10.9. ofSei»; whodifclaiming Nimrodt tyrznme, built Niniue, which after became the
^^Jrpx'lteih" *^^'^^^ ^'''^ °^'^^ Aflyrian which Babylon it fcl'fe was iubicaed not long
ATta*\c7m\ii after.X^»i'pio«^ee/^^«/«of//(ifhi£ authentic be current) faithjThattheeidcttofthe
mentioncd'by chicffamilics were called 5'<sf«r»/,their fathers had to name (ceh.m^ their wiues Wiea'.
Tibiitl.l.t.aihc and out oi i f\U^T,erc£icdhy Semiramu to NiniM, alledgeththisinfcription- Mvfa-
readethit. thc^ ^,,,^5 lopiter Belus^my grandfather Saturnus BiihjrlonicHs,my great grandfacher S^.
\ MoJamu' ""''''^ v^th:ops,who was fonnc oiSatumus eyE gyp tins, to whom CahisThcem.x Ogy.
\Pu'elanah(m i" ^^s father. Ogyges is interpreted Noah , therefore called Phcemx , bccaufc of his
chrm. habitation (as is thought)inPhcenici3,notfarrc from vvhencCjinleriifalcmj^fK^raio.
Grmsy.Afti. ncd.Saturnus sy€gyptias may be thcname of^i^>w,ofvvhofe name Egypt is in Scrip-
°pr "*"""'"• turetcarmed°r^?/^»rffff^^dw. Saturnus^iihiops is C^.^/J;; N.mrod,'TiabyloKicHs
^pchrlu.GrE. the father of 5<r/w,who begat A7/««j. Butthiscannotbcaltogethcrtruc. ForNiniuc
dit.Scal'pag'9. hath greater amiquitic then VJmrtds nephew (howfoeuer the Greeke Hidorics ail

& IT,. cribc this to N'mts, and Babylon to his wife Semiramis) except we fay, thatby them

after the lewcs t:o Serug, the Father of Nahor j£eda faith,In the dales ofPhjieg Temples were built
account, I fmael and the Princes of Natiowjjdorcd for Gods. The (nme hath I/dore. ^ EpiphnKipisxe-
made the firft ferrcthit to 5frK^; and addetb. That they had not graucn Images of Weed or Mct-
imagesof tall, but pictures of men; and 7"/;^ri« the father of ^/vvjirtw, vvas the firft Author of
thcGentiles ^»g". The hkc hath .JW^. //«^e</fS.'Z^/ffer faith iV/»?r<?^brought men to ido-
a*nbrcd to Premetheiu. i EpiphM.con,hier.l.i.mmitio. i Annot,'mO%n. latric

C H A p a Oo ASIA. Thefirji Booh* t >

latric.andcaufeeithcmtoworniiptliefire, becaufcofthe fieiy nature andopcrnticn

of'cheSunnc, which crrouv ihc Chaldians afterwards folloued; Tlicfc times, till «^~ they called Scy thiamin. The rcafon of their Idolatrie Eufclpi'n a!icadgcth,Thac

they thus kept rcincmbrance ofthcirWarriours, Rulers, andfuchas had atchieued •

noblrfteiiterprifcs and -jvorchieftexploitb in their life time. Their po(}crity. ignorant

of that their fcopc (which \vas,to obferue their memorials which had bcciic Autliors

ofgoodthingSjandbccaufc they were their fore- fathers) vvorfhippcd them ashea-

uenly DeitieSjandfacriliccdtothem. Oiihc\t ? God.m^k.''''g or (^\ino!» ^tVas

v\as the manner : In their facrcd bookes or Kalendars they ordaincd.Tliat their names ^ *««!i''«ait,

fhould be written rftcr their death, ?nd a Fcaft fliouldbe arcordininto

the fame timc,laying,That their foules were gone to the Klcs of the blefled, and tliac

they were no longer condemned or burned with fire. Thefe things Jailed to the dales

of r/!!,c)-.T; who , faith 5«mW) was an Imagc-maker,& propounded his Images (made

cfdiucrfe matter) as Gods to be worlliippcd : but nyikrAm broke his fathers Jmagc,<:.

From Sciruch the Aothor,and this Praftifc, Idolatrie pafled to oiher Nations : Suidni

addethlpccially into Greece; forthey\vorfhipped//W/f« aGyantofthcponerity of

/rf^^ff.'j,a partner in the building of the Tower.

Not vnlikc to this, vvcrcadethfcaufes of Idolatrie in thebookcofiWirdom (fup-
pofcdtobe written by Pwf/tfibutjbccaufc the fubHance is Salomons, profelfmgand ,'' "''^"'"•"i'*
bearing his name) which ofall the Apocrypha-Scripture fuftaineth leall: exception, ' '*'
attaincth highcft commendation ; When a father mourned gricuoujly fcf hisjoime that
v>M taken awaj frddcnh^he wade an Image fir him that vtnu once dead^vchom now he wor-
flpippith at A Goi^^r.d ordamedto his feruAMs Ceremonies atjdSacnfics.K fecond caufe
he allcadi;cth,Z'.«:..'^e tjri,innie«fmen^ ixbofe Images they mndc and horwured, that th(j
might by allme.ins flatter him thdtwtu abfent^as though he h^dbtn prefent. A third rca-
fon follow eth ; the ambit'otu skfllof the workeman .that through the beauty ofthe^vcr^e
the multtittde be'Hg aHurcdjook' htm for a God^ which a l.ttle be fire was honored but at a
man.ThclxVci^xvcit^^ Polydore deir,ttentortbMs^2.\\cdgms,['ypriande Idolisiorh'xs j. prjri,
z\ithorj Laihvtius (as before is flicv\'cd) maketh that the Etymologic of the word Su- ^e inHentoub.
perfitiio., Qfi'tafupe-Jiitcni memoriam defu»Sori.'m eolebant, aut cjuiaparcntibtis fuii fn. f l.iFlaai. lib.^,
fupertjites celebrab.wt imagines eorum detKi,tanqua1)eos penates; either becaide they '^''P'^^»
honored wi h fuch worfliip thcfuruiuing memory ot their dead anccflors; or becaufe
furuiuing&out-liuingtheiranccnors,they celebrated their Images in their houfcs,as
houfehold. Gods. Such authors of new rites and deificrs of 'dead men; hey called ^«. t Onnhrdn'ti
ferjlitious ; but thofc which followed the piiblikly-receiued and ancient Deitics,wcre ex mmtuorutn
called ^f /,;^/»«/,according to that vcrfe oil'^trgd. f^anaftipfrfittto vetirtimj, ignar,-. crrure creucrutt
dtornm. But by thisrulc (faith LaShnt.) we fliall find all fupetOitious which worfhip ^"'■•■" «<!A*«
falfe Gods, and them only religious which worfhip the one and true Gad, The iamc
'*I,<;Jfe;?,That Noah catt oft'his fon Cham tor his wickednes, and expelled him. *i-'^.».f.i4. '
He abode in that part of the earth w hich now is called Arabia, called (faith he) of his
name Canaan, and his pollerity Canaanices.This was the firft people which was igno-
rant ofGod,bccaiifetheiifo:inder and Prince receiuednot of his father the worlliip
ofGod.ButfirftofallotheriheEgypcians began to behold and adore the hcauenly
bodies randbccaufe they were not couered with houfes forthetempcrattne ofthc
ayrc,and that Region is not {libicft to clouds, they obferucd the motions and eclipfes
of the ftars, and whiles they often viewed them more curionIly,fdl to worfhip them.
After that, they inuented themonftronsfliapesofbeaftsjwhichthey worlhipped.O-
ihcr men fcattercd through the world admiring the Elements, the Heauen,Sun,Landjj
Sea, without any I rages & Temples wotfhipped them,and facrificed to them fubdia^
till in proceffc of time they crefted Temples and Images to their nioft puiflfai-st Kings^
and ordained vnto them facrificcs & wandring from the knowledge ofthe
true Godjthey became (7^''"^''" .Thus fane L.ic£i«/>«i. A^ditis not vnlike that they u tultln^erje
performed this to their Kings,cither "in flatterie.orfeareot their power,Gr becaufe of OngerrmsUbi
the benefits which they receiued from them,this being(faith >''7'/i»7)thcinoft ancient '• '" ^'
kinde of thankfulncfTc/o reckon thcirbcuefad^ors among the Gods. I'o which ac- ^ ^'""•^"J^- M«

F J cordeth


'^4 ^f Bahylotm^the OrighiaUofldoUtrie^ <Csrc, C H a P .io.

» , cordcth'^/rrrffin the examples of //<rrr«/fJ,^4/(7r,Po/kv,s^/f»Arp/«/,I,/^frj/fOTK?/_

' " /«.f. And thus the Mooies deified thcii- Kings, and the Romanes their tlcccafctiEm-
i Amhrof in e- Tiie firft that is named to haue fct vp Imagcs,and w'oriTlip to the dcad^was »!>{/?;«/,
pitt.^d Romaa. who when his father ^ Bellas was dcad,m2dc an Image to him, and gauc priuilcdge of
'^"P^- ■fanftuary to all eftendcrs that reforted to this Image: vvherupon, moued with a gracc-

^ ri°'"h ' ^^^'^ gratefulnefle,they performed thereunto diuine honours. And this example was
babk'oomc-' pradilcd afterby others. And thus of Z?f / or Behis began this Imagerie, and for this
•^j:T-,f.iat Bel' i aulc (faith « -Lyrj) they called their Idols Bel, Baal, Beel.z.ehub, according to the di-
v/as Nimrod. uerfitie of L^iguages. <• Cyrillns calleth him ^rhdus,\n^ faith.That before the fioud
c LnajaSitp. was no Idolatry amongrtmcn.but it had beginning after in Baby'oHjin which, .^r^e-
liac"'^o ' ^"' (next after whom raigncd Nwus) was worfhipped, TsrttiUia>! « out of the booke
A CYnu\.cont. ■of£wc^,bcforem£ntioncd,5sof opinion, That Idolatry was before the floud. Thus
luhM, to continue the mcmoric of mortall men and in admiration ofthe immortall hcaucn-

e Tenulji ly Lights, together with the tyrannic of Princes, and policies of the Priefts,bcg3n this
^'w. worfhippingofthecreaturCjWith the contempt ofthe Creator: which how they in-

cieafcd by the myflerics of their Philofophers, the fabling of their Poets, the ambiti-
on of Potentates,the Superftition ofthc vulgar, the gainfull coliufion of their Pricfts
the cunning of Artificers,and aboue all,the malice ofthe Diuels.w orfhipped in thofc
f Ommui IdolSjthcre giuing anfwers and Oracks.and receiuing facrificcs ; thef Hiftoiici of all
cm of Hrfiiid Nations are ample witneflcs. And this Romaue Babylon now Tyrant of the We(l,is
alfirmeth chc the heirc of elder Babylon (lomctimcs Ladie ofthe baft) in thefe deuotions,that then
number of ^jjj ^^[[ Bab)lo>3 might be the mother of H'koredcmes ^nd all Ahhominations. To
w^ild CO be ^^■^*'^^ aptly agree th"cParalels of Baby'o.j and Rome in B Orofms, ihe Empire ofthc
5oooo.which one ceafing.when the other began firii to haue a being: which he further profecutcth
numbcrhe in many particulars.
laithwas then u^t before we profcciitc the fe Babylonian affaires after the floud , it fliall not be
r'd E *"w *" ^''"'^^ ^'^ ^z\\ here the Chaldxan fables of Antiquities before the floud , out of Be-

Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 13 of 181)