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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 130 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 130 of 181)
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Purple Robes,Oyntments,and Wine: and asked further what the Peifians eatc, and
when they tolde him bread made of Wheate, (the nature whereof they declared) and
withalljthat the oldeftPerfians exceeded not fourefcorcyeares: hee faid.that it was
no maruell of their fhort life, that fed vpon dung : neither could they liue fo long.werc
1 Vakr.Mix. it not for that drinke of wine which they vfcd ; it was not cxtraordinarie ' there to
/.3.C.14. attaine to a hundred and twentie yeares, their meat was boyled flcfli, and their drinke

milke. Hebroiight them to a Fountaine, wherein being bathed, they fmeiledasof
Violets,it was fo fubtile that nothing could fvvimme thereon,not wood,or other ligh-
ter matter : this water was fappofed to lengthen their Hues. He brought them alfo to
the Prifons.wherc they faw many manacled and bound with chaines of gold. Laftly,
he {hewed them their Sepulchres made ofglafl'e.in this manner: After they haue em-
balmed tlic dcadcorps.they annointitwitha kinde of pargetting mortar, and then
put it in a cafe or coffin of glaflc, through which it fliineth, and is apparant without a-
nyillfauour. This they keepeoneycare in the houfe, offering thereto facrificcs, and
the fitft fruits ofall things: and then carrie it out of the Citie. Thus farre HeredetHs.

Wherein



Chap. I- AFRICA, thejeuenth 'Booke. 66i



Wherein,that which fome penny-father would moft admire, their golden fetters how
common and rife is it in an other fort with vs ? cucry couctous mifcr, manacling, fee-
tcrinf.ftrangliRghimfelfc with his goldc, in flicw his ornament, in affed his God, in
cftcft his Diiicll,Iaylor,ch3ines,and hell. The Macrobij {M(U addeth) vfcd braffe fof
honour, gold for punifhnients.

Of the table of the Sun before mentioned,thus writcth Friar Lujs deF'rreta,»'m that a Lap Ac Vr.
his large HiRone,which hc-hath compofed in Spanifh, of Ethiopia : that the King in a M''« 'j" ^-
curious brauene and fumpttious vanitie , caiifcd there to be fet by night in a ccrtainc ''•""J"''' ■P'"'"''
fieldftoreofwhitcbrcad,andthechoifeftwines,hangedaifoonthetrees;gre3tvarie" " '
tie of fowlesroft and boyled,and fet on the ground,Miitton,LambjVea!e, Beefe, with
many other dainties ready drcflfed. Traiiellcrs and hungry perfons which came hither
and found this abundancc,feeing nobody which prepared, or w hich kept the fame,a-
fcribed it to hfiter Hofpitalis his bountie Sc hofpitality,fhewing himfelfe a Protector
of poore traucllcrs.and called this field the Table f,f the Sunie.lhz report hereofpafifed
thtou'^h the worId,3nd brought many Pilgrims from farreCountfies.tovifit the fame.
King (^ambyffs fent his Embafladors to fee k.Plato the Prince of Philofophers hauing
trauelled through Afia as farre as Caucafus, and gone alfo to the BrMhmanes , to fee
andheare//M?-<rWinaThroneofgold,amongftafcwDifciples,difputingofNatures
inyfteries,3nd difcourfing of the Starres and Planets, returned by ihe Perlians, Baby-
lonians, Arabians.and other Nations and cntred into Ethif^pia.ledde with defire to fee
this renowned Table, and to eate of thofe delicacies.TheEthiopians,fince their Chri-
ftianitie,in zealous detedation of Idolatrie, will not fo much as name this field , and
thcfe auncient ritcs,and giue in charge to the Priefts at thi; day , that they handle not
or treate of the like vanities^becaufe they were inuentions of Idolaters. C<i'//»j '' Rhodi. b Ciel.Kbod.l.io
ginus affirmcth.that this Table ofthe Sunne grew into a Prouerbe , to fguific a houfe
well furnifhed and prouided.Thus farre Frier Luys.

Ofthe Pillar ofSemiramts is before fpoken out ofthe relation ofX'enophon d.e Aecjui. ,
vocii : concerning which,and his other companions and brethren , howfoeiier Tojfe*
««»w/,Gtfrop<«j,and others doe reprouc-<4»«/«/ for abufing the world with thofe glori-
ous Titles': and ancient naiTies,andproue them to be counterfeit .yet in n^y mind that ^ Berof.Mcta-
oi^Xenophenfeemeth to fauoroffome truth (whetherof antiquitic or no, I meddlenot) ^'"""iC""')
andthatmorcthenothersofthefameedition.InthatPillar confecrated tothememo- "'"^ "' ''
rieofA^/»«/,theinfcriptiontcrtificth,that C^/JorCwz, was the Ethiopian 5^/w;??; as
C/;<!w,theEgyptian ; and A//w?r(7^,thc Babylonian. When C«/7;^ was dead, theyfay, dF.t/m/.i.f.j
.Kif^wrt his fonnefucceedcd in the Ethiopian Kingdome, and after him Dodan-^ after
whofe time is no record of ccrtaine fucceffion. TDwdorus faith , tlicy chofe him which
was moft comely ofperfonage for their King. Memnonh chanted by f/o»?fr and the
Poets,which loft his life at Troy in defence of /'n<?w-;»/, and was (ibme fay) King of E-
thiopia, Ofthe fpcaking Image oi Memnon^ ye haue fccncin our Egyptian relations.
Asforthe wifeof (Jl/oye'j , whereof lofrphns^ fayth, That the Ethiopians hauing o- e lof.AntJ.i.
uer-runne,and aliroftfubducd Egypt , and none daringto make headagainft them, znn.Mnat.to.i.
Kjfiofes (whom Thermutis . Pharaohs daughter, had brought vp) wis chofen Generall '^'"'■'f"*
ofthe Egyptian Armie, which hecoiidu(^tedintoEihiopia andcommingto the f.ege
ofSaba, iharbis the Ethiopian Kings daughter fell in loue with him, and fent her fer-
uantsto entreateofa marriage with him: which he accepted , vpon condition ofde-
liuering the Towne vntohim ; and that being done, married her: all this feemethra-
therto be alewifti fablcjthinkingtiirrcby to creditetheir Law-giucr, then agreeing
to Affl/«, the Trutb,and Scripture; and might happily arifc from that fpeech , That
Mofes^ hisvpife n-M an t^lhiopian ; of which wee haue fpoken alreadie. Neither is f Ni'.m.ii.i,
it likely that A/o/f/ would accept of Treafon for the dowrie with his Wife , fealed
with the bloud and ouerthrowc ofher countrey and Citizens, And yet from hence
do fome deriue s the originall of their Nation. After the father of this fuppofed Thar- g Hcilor Bottt
^ir,D^W.j««/ is faid to raigne, who valiantly vvithrtood5(«fr6«/( which is thought to '"ftScot.
be Oy7r/ifjthe Egyptian King, and after, their God) when hee iouaded Egypt with
an Armie. Diodorus mf^ntioneth AUifancs , a King of Ethiopia. Cspheus alfo i3
numbred in that roy all Catalogue ; but ofall, •' Ganges was alinoft famous, who with h Siitdaf,

Lll a bis



061 ^ continuation of the ^thioftan Jntiquities,i!rc, Chap .2,



his Ethiopian Armic pafled into Afia.and conquered all as farrc as the Riuer Ganges,
i Plnt.de Vlitm. to which he left that name.being before'" called Chliaros. He conquered as farre'aU
fo to the Wcft.vnto the Atlantike Ocean, and gaue name to the countrey of Guinea ;
S F-tftyf. vvhich name,fome s lay.is corrupted of Gangina^the name it had receiued of Ganges.
Thefe things arc written by fomc,and I will not fweare for the truth,as fafely we may
doe forthat which the Scripture mentioneth of fomcof their Kings, in the dayesof
h i.rtrfl«.i4 9 A[a. & 'Hez.tktah^va^,^ of luda ; whofe puiflancethen was fuch^that^Z^r^t brought
i i.rjng.19. into the field a million of men : and Tirrhaca was corriuall vnto proude and ' blafphe-
mous Sennacherib, xniwie. for the Monarchic of the world. Before that time the Echi-
k nlberain opians had warred vnder5i//Z!^^King of Egypt.whom fornc take ^ for Jif>/?r«. The
Soi>h 1. Babylonians in Vjbuchodonafors time conquered Egypt and Ethiopia, as ' fome ex-

1 Lait(it.inE\. pound the prophecie off ^f^if/. And the Pcrfian Empire extended from India to E-
3°'^-^" thiopia. ■" y^^.,;/;4rfi/<i^fiwtiteth,that the Inhabitants on both fides the Riuer v^i?rf-

net.lU, i'^f"' liue on rootesdryed in the Sunnc: they arc much infcfled with Lions, and noc
Icffcwith a Icflc creature, but greater enemicj the Gnats, which driuc them to hide
themfelues in the waters from their furic,whcn the Dogge-ftarre arifeth ; which, with
thefe his Armies of Gnats bayteth thofe Lions alfo, whom iheir buzzing and hum-
ming noyfe chafe out of the countrey. He fpeaketh of other their neighbours which
feedc on the tops of twigges, tunning and leaping on the trees, and from bough to
bough with incredible agilitie: others dwell on trees for feare ofwilde beafts, on
•whole flefh,and in want ihereof,on their hides , they hue ; as Ofiriches , Elephants,
Grafhoppers arc the daily dyet toothers ; to w hich he addes the Cynamolgi.which arc
nourifhed with the miike of Bitches, of which they haue great heards j which perhaps
our Reader will not bclecue.ncither can I force him.
aP.^aruit Qt\t^c Hiftoric ofthc Qneene of Saba, wee fliall haue more caufe to fpeakc afrcr-

o iofeph.GloUa, wards. Somethinkc" that fhe came from Arabia where theSabeansinhabite. Others
cmcSiorju- ° bring her from hcncc.and fay, that (he was an Ethiopian. The mention of her, and
7um,&c. of Candace (which name Plmte faith p continued to the Ethiopian Qucenes in many

p Plm.l.6.cA9 fuccclTions) hath made fome ithinkc (as it feemeth) that Ethiopia was goucrned on-
er^thUeif 'y ^y Qilcenes.But letvs obferue further concerning their rites and ancient cuftomcs,
Mita. as diucrs Authors haue related the fame.



C H A p. II.

i_^eentmuation of the t/£thiopim jintiqmtks^ and of the
Queene of Saba.

EliodoRv sin his Hifioric (which although for the fubflance it be
fained, as a louc difcourfc, yet muft holde refemblance with things
done) and for the variety and conceit thereof, commended by that
vhl M t n <^J 5)1^ ^ learned » German P^///p; and by our Engliflibp/;,/,^(thefouleofPoe-
^tnn'oik adOPC' S^^»^^ fie) imitated in his Arcadia; tclleth of Hjdajpes his Ethiopian King,
riiium. thatattcr liis vi6lorieatSyene,and hauing there performed his dcuotions, andfecnc

b Sit P.Sidnef, their iV//»/c«/ii«?«-' (like to that at Memphis, and now at Cairo) and enquired theo-
c Heli d bin r "^'8'"*^* of their fcalis, and holy rites done in honour of that Riuer : when « he came
Mihiop.L& ' tothcCatarads.hefacrificedto Nilus,and the Gods of the Borders. He then fcnc
10. mcflengerstothcfr/yi-OTfw, whom he calleth Gj/mnojephtflex, which are the Kings

Counfellers,atMeroe,tocertifiethemofhisvi(5lorie, and to call a publiqucaflembly
wherein to gratifie the Gods for the fame, with facrifices and folemnepompes, in the
fielde confecrated to the Su»»e,thc MooMe, and Bacchus. PfrZ/w*?, the Queene, deliuc-
red thofe Letters to the ^ymnofofhtUes , who dwelt by themfelues in a Groue, confe-
crated to /'4«;and before they would giue anfwcrc,confuIted with the Gods by pray-
er,and then 5>/r»»ur« the chiefe of them promifed all fhould be fulfilled. The Sacri-
fices were to be done to theSunne andMoone, and therefore, except /'irr/S>?/t the
Quccncjwhich wa? £-««<! V Pricft.no woman for feare of contaminating the Holies of

thofe




Chap.2. AFRICA. The pxt'Booke^ 66^



ihok Pure and Bright Deities, might bee prefcnt. //7^<«//'«\vasPricftofiheSunne.
Much preparation was made of Beafts for their Hecatombe's, and much concourfc of
people croffingtheRiuer in thofeBoates of Canes or Rccdcs. There vvas prefcnted
rhe Images of their Gods , (jHem»on, Perfafts, and (>y4udro»i:da ; and nigh to them
hteihc (jjw>jafiphrJU. Three Altars were ere(5led ; two ioyntly to the Sunne and
Moone; a third to Bacchus by hinifclfc,to him they offered all forts of Beaftes; to SX,
white Chariot-horfesjto the Moone, a yoke of Oxen. And when all things were ready,
thepcoplewithfhoutsdemaundedthc Sacrifice, which vfually was accullomed for
thchealch of their Nation. That was fomeof the flrangers taken in the warres,
to bee offered : Firft, triall > was niade by fpits of Cold, heated with fire, brought out a Our Englifli
of the Temple, whether the Captiues had euer knowne carnal copulation for treading and the Gcr-
on the fame with theirbare feete, fuch as were pure Virgins rcceiued no harme, others manHiftorics
wercfcorched. ThefewcreofferedinSacrificeto5^cf^«/; the other, to thofc purer iTke"dea"rincof
Deities. Thcfethingeshauelhcreinferted, not as done, but as like to fuch things, adultcric.by
which amc :^ the Meroites vfed to be done, and agreeing with the generall deuotions going ^v^lh
oftholc Ethiopians. PhtUJfrtttus hrcporteth like matters of their gj/mnafophijfs, snd barcfeeton
of the Groiie where they kept their generall confultations : otherwife , each of them |j^"™"|])^°^*"
by themfeiwtsa-parc.obfcruing their ftudiesandholies. They worfli'pped Nilus'm- hTLiinfu'evi-
tending in their myfiicall interpretation the Earth and the Water. They entertai- tuAfeUmyU
ned flrangers in the open Ayre. Thespesion was then ( in Jfolloi^itis his c^f 4.
liinc ) chicie of their focietie. At bis commaund , an Elmc did fpeake. They
hcldeii-.cimmortaliticof the Ibule. The exEthiopians facrificed to Memr.on and
lothc5fc««e,

Liicuin, after his fcofSng manner gratulates the Ethiopians that fauour, which
7«//r«- vouchfafed them,in going on feafling, accompanied with the refi of the Gods,
and that twelue dayes together, if Homer c reckoned truely. But niore ^ fcrionfly clfe- c Uom Uiad, &
where he vnfoldcth that my(tciie,fhcwing that the t/£ihiopians were inuenters of A- LiiMJefamf.
flrologie, helped therein by the clearnefleoftheSkic in that Region, and liketempc- Vj^^'J^dcA^ro-.
rature of the feafons. Of them thcEgyptianslcarned, andfurthcredthatfciencc. \n '^'''"
his Treatife e of Dancing, heeaffirmeth, that the Ethiopians vfed their haire in ftccde cJdemdeSal-
ofaQtiiucr, andneucr drew Arrow from thence to flioote in battcll^but with a dan- utione.
cingieflure.

'Diodofffs^ SrchluszeWcxh , that the Ethiopians were accounted moft ancient ofall {DSic.l^.c.n
other men : and that not only Humanitie, but Diuinitie, wai borne and bred airiong!|
them:folemnitics,pompes, holies , and religious rites , were their inucntion. And
therefore (fayth hee) Hoir.er brings in 7/^f /?<■>■ feafhng with the Ethiopian .The rcwaid ^
oftheirpietie, was the immunitic of their Region from forraine Conquefts. s (J^ta- g, Mdfmb.tB^
«rr»^/«/intcrpretcth Inpiters banket with the Ethiopians of that Ocean,which Ant'qui- Somn.Sap.i.i
tieimaginedtobevnder all the T'orr/i/Z'o;;?, that the fierie bodies oftheftarSjilppoled "^■'°'
to be nourifhed with moiflure, might there quench their thirft. So would thofe good
mendtownea great pait of the African and American World, in hofpitahtie to the
Starres, by their imagined middle-earth Ocean : which experience hath now fuffi-
tiently confuted.

Camhyfes attempted and loft his Armic;and Stmiramis entred , but foone returned:
Hercules ii\d 'Dionjjius ouev-xinncihe reilof the World, thee^thiopianseytherfor
their deuotion they would not, or, for their ftrength , could not conquer. The Egyp-
tians, fome fay.wcrc Colonies from hence; yea, Egypt it felfe the drcgges of that Ibile,
which Niluscarryeth out of Ethiopia.

The Egyptians borowed ofthe Ethiopians , toefteeme their Kings as Gods , and
tohaue fuch care oftheir Funerals the vfe of Statues, and their Hicroglyphscall letters,
Pieriuj •» and others, haue written thereof at large. Their befl men they chofe for their h Picr.Hiera-
Priefts rand hee among them, who, when the God is carried about, fliall bee pof- glyihka.
fefrcdwith(ome5««rf/>-««4/furie, ischofenKingasbydiuine appointment, andisot
themworfhipped as a God. His gouernmcnt isgouerned by Lawes. They doc
notputaMaIefa(ftortodeath,butan Officerisfent to him with the figne of death, jyj,£ likcisv=
' whereupon hcegocth home and flayethhimfelfe. One would haucfleddeoutof h-s fedinlapan.

Lll g Country;



664



^continuation of the JEthiopian Jntiquities,^c. C H a p.i.



t Diod.Sk.
S/rabo /.17.



b Uureniij Cor-
li'tnt Gcsgrap:
lo, Boemiti de
morib. gentium.
Vraudiu! in So-
limmVr.Tla-
marideU\ Co-
jjiimiiitsde to-
dislnsGenccs.
c Sardui de mo-
rib.genti&li.c.io
i RjphVoU-
tCTunm Geo-
gmph.l.i i.
e I'lut deplacitii
Phihfojihtrum.
ildde non iraf-
ccida.
g Gen. dierum

h Dam a Goes.
Zigx Zate de fi-
de JEthiopum.
i Jof.Scali^er de
Smend 1.7 Sec
Liticrg.JEthiop.
PI Bibtiotb.patrii
kCf/.S./.c 16.
i5'9-i;.
LViff/)/).Hi/?.
Ecckf. 1.9. £.18.
xaDom.Tfiger,



Country; but the mother of the malcfaftor killed him, bccaufc hec would not afcer hij
Country manner kill himfelfe.

ThePriefts in Meroeexercifedthis authoritie (as is before faid) ouer their Kin^s
andvvouldfend them word that the Oracles of the Gods commaundcd them to die
neither might they reicft the diuine difpenfation : and thus with arguments , not with
armcs.they perfwadedthcm toavoluntariedeath. But in the time of Pi alomeftsSe-
cHndnt, King of Egypt, King Ergamenes well skilled in the Greekc fciences.and Phi-
lofophie, rcieded that Cupcrftition They fay, that the cuftome yet (till 2>»Wor»/ time)
remaineth , that ifthe King bee maimed, or by fomc accident want any member, his
Courtiers alfo will depriuctherlifcluesofthefame.Yea,whcn the King died,his friends
thought it good fellowfhip to diewithhim, eliccming that death glorious, and the
furcfl teftimonie offriendfViip.

The Ethiopians » dwelling nearer to Arabia , armed their women in their warres,
till they attained to a ccrtainc age : the moft of which ware a Ring of Brafl'c in their
lip. They wich dwelt further vp into the Countrie, were diuerfly conceited of the
Gods. For fome they thinkc immortall, as the Sunne, Moonc, and the World : fomc
mortall, as Pan, Hercules, lupiter^fox their vertues exalted to that dignitie. StVAho tcls
it in the fingular number, that they thought that God to bee immortall , which is the
caufe of all thinges. Their mortall God was vncertainc, and wanted name : but they
moft commonly efteemed their Kings and Benefadtors, for Gods. Some that inhabitc
nearer the Line worfhipped no Gods : and were much offended with the Sunne , and,
hiding thcmfelues in the Fennes cwrfedhim whenhe did rife. Thefc thinges you may
reade gathered out of D<o</#r»«, and Strabo^^'m CoruintM , Boenms , Ttr audita , and
Thamara^wnh fome other additions.5<*r^;A( faith 'that the Ethiopians were circum-
clfed : as were alfo (befides the Icwes,Egyptians,and Arabians.) the Tregloditi,M4'
cronei Creophagi, and inhabitants of Thermodoon.

As wee hanc (hewed of the ^/<«cr(7^//, or long-liucd Ethiopians, fo there were o-
thcrs called Brachthij of their fhorter Hues, whereof were reckoned two forts ; thei'«.i
donij nere to the Red-fea,and the £«w^/,which fome'"tai<c forthcTrfl^/o«/;'r<.They Hue
not aboue fortie yeares. Plntarch e out of AfcUfeiades rcporteth the like , faying that
they were old men at thirtie yeares The fame Authour f telieth that they and the Ara-
bians could not endure Myce: and that the Perfian Aingt did likewife, efteeming them
Creatures odious to God. Alexanderiab Alexandra writcth, concerning the educati-
on of their Children, that, the {Ethiopians feared their new-borne Infants in the
foreheads, to preuent the diftillations of Rhcumes from the braine. A.nd when thejr
arefomewhat growne, they make triall of their forwardnefle , by feiting thcmonthe
backcs of certaine Foules, on which if they fit in their flying, without feare,they bring
them VDvery carefully : but if they flirinke and quake with fcare, they expofe them as
a dege *rate iffue, vnworthic education. Their Letters they wrote not fide-wayes, af-
ter the Grecke or Hebrew manner,but after thcprefent Chinian cuftome.downwards.
They had feuenCharaders, eucry of which had fourefignifications. What manner of
writing they now vie appeareth in '^ Darniantua(joe2LOiof Zaga Zabo rather, anE-
thiopian Bifhop, in his Treatife of their Religion, done into Latine by D<fWM»«^:but
more fully 'mlofephits'' Sca/iger de Emendatioyie TemperHmy who hath lent vs a long
Traflate in that language and writing, with the fame wordcs expreffed in Hebrew and
Latine Characters, and the interpretation ofthem alfo into Latine, infoure feucrall
Columncs.He that lifteth to reade fome PhilofophicallfpeculationsofNature in thefc
Ethiopians, wherein theydiffer, and wherefore , from others : let him reade Ccelim
'''2^^o^/^/»«iofthat Argument :hee faith that they were expert in Naturall Magike.
Nicepheru4 ^v;j:\tes,thit Alexander the Great (etit Afiyrian Colonies into Ethiopia,
which many ages after kept their owne language, and , like enough their Religion.
The Nations of Ethiopia, which are farrediftant from Ni'.us, are'"faid toliueamife-
rable life. Their life is bcaftly , not difcerning in their luft. Mother, Daughter , or
anieother liamc ofkindred. Of their Ancient cxploites, weehaueno continued
Hiftoric,

About the time of Chrift , it appcareth^that Ctmdace was Queene of Fthiopia.Shc

■ was



Chap.Z. AFRICA.



The ftxt 'Bookci,



d6f



wasamanly I^/r^^o, as j'rr^^o teftifieth, who liued at the fame time, and followed
t/£liM G alius in this expedition. He forced Candace to fend her Embaffadours to Ah-
^w/?«< for peace, which fhe obtained. Sexttts » VtUor mentioneth this i^thiopian ^^ Sexti.Viit,



Embaflage.Dwf/tfj^^znrelinquifliedthatpart of Ethiopia, which the Romans helde t'T.^"'',
beyond Egypt, as not able to beare thechargcs,/«/?w<(»'' fent his EmbafTadours vnto /j^.f^fj /, ' "
/^fft_/?/E><<w the Ethiopian King, and to f'/zw/p/^'^w King oftheHomeritcj, hisAiabian



cPau'iDiacon:
lufimiis.

d Orof.l.i.c.^,



e Mdias Hah.



neighbour, to aide him againft the Perfian. This Helhfihdw had warred againft the
Homcritcsforquarrell of Religion, bccaufe they were many of them Icwcs , and o-
thcrs Gentiles, himfelfebeinga Chriflian :andbecaufe they made many forrages in-
to the Chriftian Countries. He fo farre pr euailed, as hee made that SJJmiphxtti , a Chri-
flian, their King: whofe yoke they fhookc off foone after: and^^^r^w, ailaue, vfur-
pcd the State. He had bcene fcruant to a Roman at Adulis, a Citie of Ethiopia, wor-
thic mention cfpecially in this matter for the ominous profperitie of feruants. For the
Citie It felfe was built by fuginuc feruant?, which rannc from their Egyptian Walters :
and this (v^^r.«»tj 3 feruant there, obtained to bceaKing:neyther could the Ethio-
pian with all his might depofe him. The like <: Embafl'age to ArchetM King of Ethio-
pia was fent by Iifftin»f fo"- aid againft the Perfian : both which I mention, to fliew the
greatnefle at that time of his ftate nothing comparable notwithftanding to that which
after befell them. Among theEthiopian Antiquities, Plato teftifies , as Or#/7w<lcites
him, that many plagues and vncouth difeafes infcfted.and alToft altogether deftroyed
Ethiopia, about that time that 5«(rffe*«inuadcd India. If any delight himfelfc in fuch
Legendarie drafle as the counterfeit ^W/<w«,fct forth by M-oifgangm Lnz^ius , \\zth
in it, touchingthc Magicians and Enchantments, and i'orne other Ceremonies of E- ApopoliciehU.'^.
thiopia.I.im loth to blot my paper with them:notbecaufewearenot ccrtaineof the
truth ( for in others wee may bee deceiued ) but becaufc wee arc certaine of the er-
rours,f6grolfethattheymaybccfeencandfclt. Maruell that f Laz.ihs an Hiftorian, (^^Wi't-iTim.
would with his Notes illi:fti ate fuch a hotchpotch of darkeneffe. And yetourCoun- g '«"'*'' and
trimansff<J^</w^leauing the clearc waters of truth, hathfwallowed thefamcfwill,as "'^'''^'"^'
the/f3'f5of our Church hath taught him. The Eunuch of Candace was the firftE-
thiopian Chriftian, as Zk/^^ y4^.8. and i;«/f^«w '^ doc fhew.

But before we come to their Chriftian conuerfion, we are firft to declare their con- J'^'^/^^-^f-*'/?-
lierfion to Iudaifme(ifit bee true the Ethiopians write) in the time o{ S.i/awon. The Pattusfpeakcs
Ethiopianshauingliucdbeforea vagrant lifelike theX'"'''"^^-' of olde; and theAra- ofrhomasMa.-
• bians, and other Libyan Nations , not farre from them in Afia and Africa at this day ; thw, and Ma~
Jruc the Ethiopian King firft fixed a fctled abode at Axuma, and made itthcRoyall '^'-5 preaching
Citie > after whom followed ylgaip and in the third place , Cjhedur or Sabanut , which
fubdued all Ethiopia, and left the Kingdome to his Daughter il/.iW'J that raigned
cightieyeares.»x^»w' jo.of herRaigne fhcvifited5tf/owo». After herthey reckon
thefe Kings till Chrifts time, CMe/tc, Andedo syiuda, Qigafio^Zangu^^ Gu.ifio, Antet,
"Baharit, Canada Chanz,e, Endnr, Cjuaz.a, E»drath, Chaales, Setija , Aglaha , Anfcua,
'BregMa4,Guafe, Befeclfigfia, 'Sa/iz.ena, in whofc time they fay Chrift was borne. Gt-
»tbrad fet dow^ie the times of their Raigne, which he confefleth, audit felfe conuin-
ccth to be falfe.This Queene of Saba before mentioned in our difcourfc of Arabia (of
which Countviel thinke fbee then was, and thcfe Abaffcns fince that time thence def-
ccnded ) is by '^/<jyf/)6;« called Nicaule, the Queene(l'ayth hee) oft^thicpia and E-
gypt. V>\it Zi'.gaZabg''m theEthiopian Hiftorie which he writ, andcaufed to be done Iz^gazdoE



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 130 of 181)