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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 131 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 131 of 181)
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!ntoLatinebyDi«>»/4»w<j(j«excalsher C^Iaaneda , v.hofe Hiftorie the Ethiopians pijcopuiMtbiop,
haue written in a Booke as bigge as all T^t/A Epiftles. The fumme of his report is this;
Shcwasa worftiipperof Idolsas hcrAnccftors had bcene , when as Fame filled her
cares with the rcnowne ofSalnmctsi name: and then fent a mcftenger to Icrufalem, to
learne the truth, who at his returne confirming thofe former reports, fhe wciic her felfe
tovifithm. Of him, bcfides many other things, ftiee learned the Law, and the Pro-
phets. By him ftiee conceiued al fo a fonne, ot whom flice was dcliucrcd in her iournie
homewards, and named him Metlech, After twenticycarcs education in Ethiopia, flie
fent him to Salomon his father,to be inftru6led of him in wifdomc,defiring him to con-
fcctatc her Soai King of Ethiopi3,bcforc the Arkc of the Couenant j Hiee ordained alio

thai;



jnE.hiopia.
i Genebr. chiw.



kfof.Ant'iqU.
cap. z.



666



jlcontimat'ton of the JEthioftan jintiquities,<iyc. C h a p.j.



tn candaci was
the name of
diuer* Ethio-
pian Quecnes,
contrarie to
this report.



AK.Sedechiju
fiom Mceca,



o Vivcent Tfv
rer, a Popifti



Saint,



that women fhould not henceforth inherit, as before had becne accuftomed. Salomon
did this & changed his name to Dduid : and after long inftru6tion,fent him back to his
rnothcrattended with many noble copanions, among whom was Az^ari/u the Son of
Zadock.t\\z priert.This Az^artas caufed tables to be made like to thofc in the Arkc;and
pretending to facrifice for the good fucccffc of his iourny,v^'cntin & ftolc the tables of
the LaWjleauing in their roome thefe later counterfeits, which he reuealed not to any,
til he cameto the borders of Ethiopia.Thc Dauidhemg madcacquainted with the faft
danced for ioy, as his grandfather Damd had done before the Arke whcrin the Tables
were inclofed.his people making great ioy. His mother refigned to him the Empire, &
from that time to this.the Kingdomc hath paffed ina right lincji^from male to male:cir-
cumcifion alfo with the law oi Aiofes hath beene obferued.The Officers which SaUmoH
appointed his Son, are ftill cotinued in the fame families & order;norm3y the Emperor
chufe them out ofany other ftocke then thefe ofthc lewes. This long Legend 1 report,
notfor the truth, butforthat Religious conceit wherewith it is accepted in Ethiopia,
for who knowes not,that none but the high Prieft, ind thith'it once a jreare, entredin-
to thjtt ho/jfplace^vjhete the Arke was, that I fpeake not ofN'.idah and tyi^ihu's fi-e,
with other diuinciudgments?r*?,4i/ touching; and the Bcthflicmitcs viewing the
Arke at fo dearc a rate; could notbut make dreadful! fo damnable an attcmpt.Bendes,
we fliould haue looked for our blefled Sauiour out of Ethiopia, where SAleiKons heirci
ftil Raigne(if thefe fay truc)and not goe to Salathiel and Zorobabel, defccnded ofano-
therbrother,and therefore further off /r«»» the throne of thar father D^.uid , on which
Chrift was to fit,and to which he was borne, next and apparant heire , cucn according
te theflefh.hnd yet doth Genebrad credit thci'e reports, and Bnror.ius alio in part as Luys
de frreta reportcth. This Lup hath written 3 .large bookes in Spanifli col!c>5led (as he
faith)out oiDon luAnde'Bnttafarzn Ethiopian of great accompt.who had beene Em-
baflador from his yiii^tz Alexander ^.C^c great Negus, into Pcrfiaand other places,
and came into Spain with his licence to imprint his Ethiopian Hi ftorie.Out of him Luyt
rcporteth that the former bookewhenceZ<<g<» Z^^othe Bifliop , Embafladortothe
KmgofPortugalljhadraken thofethings,is v4p#cr)';ife4;yctfo,asthat itistrucccncer-
ningthatreportof^rf^wr^irfjconception, andtheRoyall defcent from thence till
thefe timcs.The ftcaling of the tables he denicih; and affitmcih, that the truth was,that
Salomonhidi beflowed on the Qu^cene of Saba a fragment ofthc tables , which Mofes
brake in his zeale for the Ifraelitesidolatrie with t\\cgolden C<f/f<?. For that conception
hy SaltmoM, hceproouethitby the Ethiopian Records, the title oftheirKing,and his
armes;which are the fame.which the tribe ofluda gaue,T//3o.a Lyon rampanr.crowned,
inafieldOr, with this infcription. The Lyon of the trtbe of luda hath onercome,S\nc&
they were Ghriftians they haue added to thefe Armes a croffe.which the Lyon holdcth
in his tight foot. And in this right they lay challenge to lerufalcm for their inheritance.
Now for the fragment of the table which Mofes brak.it is receiued for a truth through
out Ethiopia,& it is ftlil preferued in the hil Amara as the greateft lew ell in the world.
Baltafar had often fecnc and handled it.It feemcth to ht ofthe Chalcedonie ftone,{hi-
ning,andtranfparcnt;andisacornerof afquare table, the broken edges yet being
manifcft, with theIctters,fomebrokenjfome whole,much differing frpm the common
Hebrew(which Genehrad faith the lewes inuented, thereby to differ from the Ichifma-
tical Kingdome of the Ifraelires, ofthe ten tribes;the Samaritans flill retaining the for-
mer,as both he and Seal.-ger affirme.) But thefe letters cannot be read; for hce brought
a learned " lew, skilfullin all the Eaflerne languageSjPerfian, Arabikc,Indian,Chinois,
&c. yet knew them not. This relike is with fuchdeuotion admired of the lewes, that
when they pafle but within fight of that Hill Amara , they proflrate thcm-
fclues on the ground with much reucrence , and for this caufe make much of
the e/£thiopian$ ( whcrcfocuer they Hicete them ) as a pccpic beloued of
G o D , to whomc hce hath imparted fuch a Rclique. They " tell alfo a talc
(I thinke) of the Queencof Saba, that in her iourney homewardcs fhce had a
reuelaticn concerning a peccc of Wood which fliee faw , that it fhould bee the
fame whereon Chrilifliould after die for Mankind: v^'hcrefore adoring the fame
with much deuotion and tcares,fhc writ to Salomon therof, who hid it m the earth of 4*

Stades'



Chap. ?. AFRICA. Thefeuenth^ooke.



66y



Stades, * where the poole of 'Sefif/y.j was made afterwards, andby vertue thereof
wrought miracles. Butthc Ethiopian Superflicion hath fables enough for her owne,
and needeth not the officious hclpe of Romifli Saints in this kinde.

As for that fucccflion of lewifli officers ; Luys denieth it.and faith the lewes are no
where more hated then in Ethiopia : and Alexander the third, late Emperour among
them, banifhed all lewes and Mooresoutof all his Dominions. The Officers of the
Emperour are the fonnes of thcTributarie Kings, his Vaflals, andthenoblcftof his
Subie6ts. And for the lewcs which came with yW'«/fC-^, or A/^«/(r/<r(7, (after called D<?-
md) his next fuccefTour lofu, (io he calleth him) becomming an Apoflata, reduced I-
dolatrie: andwhcreasD<»«/^hisfatherhad giuen them one of the Temples dedicated
totheSunncinMount Amara, to miVc\x.anhoufecf Prayer to the God of J frael, ca-
fting forth the Idols therein ; now in this Ufues dayes, fome of them returned bo leru-
falem, or to other Prouinces of Africa,and fome inhabited the vtmoft parts of Africa,
neerc the Cape of Good Hope, and Dcferts not before inhabited. And the faid Doa
7«<« 6/(f5<j/f(i/4r, being fent by the Emperour intothe Lands of Monopopaia (lb hee
caIlcthit)andof (j^/off/.of Barbizuijof Mandinga, andofZapc, which are inhabi-
ted of Idolatrous Gentiles, he found among them fome of thefe lewes dcfcended of
that exiled (locke (as themfeli;es alio hold) which had forgotten their ludaifme, and
all knowledge of the Scriptures, onely had retained fome rcltqucs of it,and abftinence
from Swincsflefli, differing alfo from thole Gentiles, in worfhipping one Go^, where-
as the other acknowledge O^e great Ged, whom they call Caramtu, but worfliip alfo
Tigers, Lions, Flies, Spiders, Snakes, Lizards, and whatlocuerfirft meet them in the
morning. Thefe Gentiles P call thclev^csTabayeiueros^ and will not admit them to
purchafc houfes, or inhcritancc.but either vfe them as Intcrpreters,or Faftors for Mer-
chants (which isthehighcff fleppetheycanattaincto) or elfc employ theminbafe
drudgeries, to be their Porters, flaughter-mcn, and fuch like, that they feeme rather
flaucs to thofe barbarous Nations,then to cnioy any libertic of free-men ^Rightly may
thofe Nations be called Barbarous,'w\\\z\\ feeme rather to barkc then to ipeake,andyet
they fcorne that any fhould abafe them,with the bafeft of titles in their opinion, to call
them TAbayquero, and reuenge it with the death of the wrong q doer.



* Foure times
the height of a
man.



p Godscurfe
and mans foJ-
low the lewes
euery where,
as the fliadow
ihebodie.
q In thefe re-
ports, though '
there be many
things falfe,
yet may fome
be probably
true : let the
deader iudge.




Chat. III.

OfPreshiter John: and of the Prieli-Iohnsin Afia: whether that
defcended of thefe.

' Auing now declared the Antiquities of Ethiopia, drawn out ofancient
AuthorSjlet vsnecrer hand behold, what neererour times, Authors
haue reported thercof.Whercin firfl we will hcere infcrt out of ^ Sea.
liters Annotations, vpon the Ethiopian Ecclefial^icall Calendar or
Computation of times, fomewhat remarkable.and fitting to our prc-
fentpurpofe. The name (faith he) of the Chrit^ian Ethiopians is not nowfirft made
knownetovs. FortheirChurchnotoncly at lerufalcmand Conftantinople, but ac
Rome alfo and Venice, hath had libertic a good while to vfe their owne ritcs.The Por-
tugalls, and Francis Aluares haue further difcouered them : Before we onely heard the
name of Ethiopia. A wonder it is.thatlbme agcsfincc, ^ thcirEmperours name was
madeknowneto vs out of Alia, rather then out of Ethiopia it fclfe. Three hundred
ycares agoe, the Ethiopian Kings raigned in Afia, efpccially in Drangiana, the borders
of Sufiana, India, and China, vntiU the Tartars difpofTeflcd them of the Afian Empire.
For C««^^firft, the firii Tartar King, flew Vucano, the Ethiopian Emperour: and his
pofteritie chafed the Abiffincs out of Moin and China, and forced them to flee into A-
frica. Often haue I maruelled that a people ofno knowledge in thefe times of Sea-af-
faires, could atchieue ib mightie exploits, as to propagate their Empire, from Ethio-
pia to China. Since that time the knowledge of that°Emperour hath come to vs in the
name of Preslegmnei which in the Perfian tongue (as much now ofrcckoning in Afia,

as



a loj.Scd. de
EmendJ'cmp.
U.7.



h Ca(laneda
feemethalfo
to hold that
the Negui is
thaiTiesbiier
lebiioi Afia;
though not of
hisrace./;KJ.



66S



OfPresbjter lohn/^c.



Chap, J.



c So withvs,
the French
King is called
ChnfiiitwffimM:
the Spaniard
CatboHciis: the
Englilh,D^-
fendci- of the

d M.^liiffSee
ourHiftoric.
I.ih.l,

e In Ramufna
copie it is Ant-
uiiX, in the La-
tine Aiivfij.
J^turcui I'auIm '
Hb,z.cap.iT,
Rim. 10.



f Scdigen E.-

thiopian

Grama'^er.

g Orul Theal.
intheMappe
of Tartaria.
V.Hertiiii.&al^
Cco(,raj)h,
b iVilLdcm-
bruqiiis It'mtra-
rum -J/i. Hil^.

i This l^in or
Vnram was
called "Pif. 'for
Pried, as Bafc-
rui conieAu-
rsth,becauR:
hee had the
Crolle borne
before h;m,he
isfaidjWiih no
great likeli-
hood of truth
to haue ruled
71. Kingdoms.
k OiarcusPaa-
ln< lib. (.019.14.
I C.ip.^l.

The Latine

Copie wants
thtfe things,
m Sir lohit
Jvta.idlmlei
ftorie of Pref-
byerloijijh
fabulous.
n Happ'Iythc
Prince before
mentioned
was calledK/i-
cam of ^"^,
and Cnn : for
Can ngn-.fieth
a Diulnef or
Ruler.



as the Latine in the Weft) fignifieth, "= e^fo/?*//^*, inferring thereby that he is a Chri-
ftian Kin" of the right faith. For 'PreFiegan fignifieth JpcHles, and PreFlegaui Apesio-
//call ;T.iidefchapreIiigiafii, the King ApoTiolicall,\a h.x9h\:xn Melichreffnlt, inEthio-
p'nn Negufch ChawartawJ. Of this greacnefle of their Empire, in Afia arfiwitneflcj
thofe Ethiopian crofles, which are fccnc in Giapan, China, and other places. Yea,the
Temple ofT'i^ow/w the Apoftle in the Region of '^ Malabar, hath nothing in it but is
Ethiopian, the croffes, building, andnameit felfc. It is called: ' Hau«rija,vjYi\ch\n
Ethiopian is as inuchto fay, as, Apofile : which yl/^rc«»'P4«/«^f3lfe]y expoundeth, a
Holy-man. (This name in the Author feeincth to be giuen not to the Church.but to the
Apoftle himfe!fe)^<»«//« addeth that the remainder of the Chriftians fubicd x.oTreJle~
giAK abode inTenduch. The neighbouring Arabians call them now Habujfi, and wee
from ckcncc AbifTuies, or Abajfenes : they call themfelues Chaldxans ; for their anci-
ent and elegant language, in which their bookes are written,is neere to the Chaldataa
and Aflyrian. Moreouer,the Ecclcfiafticall Hiilorie tcftifieth.and out of the fame Ni.
cevhor!i6jih.<), r. 1 8 . that many Colonies were lent out of Aflyria into Ethiopia. They
are there called tA.\iiniit£, of their chicfe Citie, but by themfelues, as t^lnares affir-
incth, Chafchumo. More may we fay hercafterof their Rites,andothcrthings worthy
ofknowledge/inthelnftitutions f of that tongue which we h3ucdiligently,and Me-
thodically wtitten. Thefewords of 5f«?A^fr-liaue mademee takcfomepaines inthe
fearch of theprcmiffes ; for he differeth from the opinion of others,whichhaue writ-
ten any thing of Preshjter, or Pricft loh*i (as they terme him) in Afia, whom the Tar.
tars fiibdued. Orteltw S maketh a Presbyter lohn in Afia, and another in Africa, if I
vnderftandhim. AsforthatF'«i'(«w,ff///M«</*/J»^>«^»/i-,whichtraue]led thofe parts in
the morning of the Tartar- greatncflcjey^ww 125^. reporteth that one Con (^ati reig-
ned in Kara-Catay^orblacke Catay .after whofc death a ccrtainc Ncftorian Shephcard
(a mightie Gouernour of the people called T^yw/iw.whichwere Neftorian Chriftians)
exalted himfelfe to the Kingdome, and they called htm King lohn, reporting of him
ten times more then was true, as is the Neftorians wont. '' For notwithftanding all
their treat boafts of this man, when I trauelied along by his Territories, there waj
none that knew any thing of him.but onely a fe w Neftorians.This lohtt had a brother,
a miphtie fhepheard called Vut, which inhabited three weeks iourney beyond him:he
was lord ofa Village called CaraCarum, his fubie6^s,c3lledCritorMerkits,wereaIfo
NcRorians, But their Lord abandoning Chriftianitie, embraced Idols, and retained
with him Priefts of the faid Idols. Ten or fifteene dales iourney beyond his Pafturcs,
were the Pafture of Moal, a beggerly Nation.and neere them the Tartars. M« dying,
this Vut became his Heire, and was called 'L'/// Can ( whom others call Fnc Can) and
his droues and flockes ranged vnto the Pafloresof Moal. About the fame time one
CpTti a Black-Smith in Moal.ftolemany ofi^wr ' CrtwjCattelhwhoinreuengewitU
his forces fpoiled the Moals and Tartars.Theyaggreeucd, made C>«g« their Captaine,
who fuddenly brake in vpon r«/,and chafed him into Cataya ; took his daughter and
married her, andhadby her (J^/^»^«, that was thentheGfcatC^« when our Author
wrote this. Thefe Relations fauour not ofanyfuch Monarchic as fliould extend from
Ethiopia, to thofe parts of Afia.

tM'irciti ^ *?/?«/«« telleth that theTartars were Tributaries to thhV^carK (fohe
calleth him) which faith he, after fome mens opinion fignifieth in our language Prieft
lehn, but through his tyrannic Prouoked to rebellion, they vnder the conduft of Cin-
^ts,Q.ev.'Vficaf». And afterward he faith, that ' Tenduc was vnder the fubicftion of
"Prieft/o^^: but allthePriefts /e/;^/ that there raigned after Kwjf.iw, were tributaric
to the Great Can : and in his time raigncd one George, who was a Pricft and a Chrifti-
an, as were the Inhabitants. Buthe held not fo much as the '" Prielh 7o^M/had done:
and the Great Cans did fiiU ioyne in affinitie with this Familic, marrying their daugh-
ters vnto thefe Kings. This Giforgf was the fourth after PrieftyJjw, and was holdena
great Signior. He ruled ouer twoNations, called by fome ^og and M4<yog,hy the In-
habicans.rV;^ " and y1</'i3«^«/, where fome were Mahumetansj fome Heathens, other
Chriflians. It r.ppeareth by their Hiftories, that Scaliger was deceiucd, to thinke that
this Pricli lohn had lo large an Empire, feeing RubruqHu in the fame Age, or foone af-
ter



Ch A p.^- AFRICA* Thefeuenth <Booke.



66^



o Uai- de ft.
Carp. Itinerari-

p '/'incenlii Bel-
uan[i%fpcc.hi!l<s-



UiSylib-i-c-lT-



ter could in his ownecduntrcy hearc fo little of him : and hispoflcritie in tJMarciu
Paulm his time, continued tributarie Kings vnder the Tartar. The name Priefl was gi-
ucn them of that function, which hce telbficth, G<or^f receiued, and /o^r perhaps of
that firft Shepheard that vfurped Con Cuns e(kte. To let pafle therefore that Preshyicr
i»^«iiuhe North Eaft, we ftumblc on another mid- way betv\ixt that and Ethiopia.
Y'Ot^o iJBannes ° ^e f/<»<><f"-4rf<»t(fentEmb3fladniir to the great ^<««, from Pope In.
Mtcent, Amk9 1 246.) and Vmcenttw P in his Specxlitm, tell of the King of India Ma-
ior, called Trir^^rff''-^*'^''. being irtuaded by the Tartars vnder the leading of Tojfus
C<««, fonneof ^»»f/i-, who before had lubduedlndiaMihor: He by a Stratageme ac-
quitted hisRealmeofthem. FormakingmensImagesofCopperjhe let each of them
vpon a faddlc on horfc-backe, and put fire within them, placing a man v, Ith a paire of
bellowesonthchorfe-backebehindeeuery Image. And fo with many Images and
horfes in fnch fort furnifhed, they marched againft the Tartars: and when they were
jeadie co ioy ne, by kindling a fire in each Image, they made fuch a fmoke that the In-
dians wounded and flew many Tartars,who could not fee to requite them thorow the
fmoke : but were forced to leaue that Countrey, and neucr after returned. Hecrc now
wcmcctwithanewFrr/^^fifr/o/jwialndiaMaior, which whether he were the fame
with the Ethiopian^ let vs a little examine.

Ind'iz. h hy A^arctti 1 Pa>ilM d'lu'idcd intothreeparts,theLefl'er,Grcater,and Mid-
dle; the firlt of them he boundeth from Ciamba to Murfili, and faith, it had in it eight
Kingdomes; the Middlecalled Abafcia, had in it leuenKingdomes, three whereof
were Saracens, the re(i Chrifiians. Six of them were fubiedl to the feuenth.lt was told
me, faith hee, that after their Baptifme with water, they vfed another Baptifme with
fire, branding three markes on their forehead and both their cheekes. The Saracens
vfed one brand from the forehead to the middle of their nofc : They war with the Sol-
den of Aden,and with the Inhabitants of Nubia,and are reputed the beft warriours in
India. The greater f India cxtcndeth from Malabar, totheKindome ofChefmaco-
ran,and had in it thirtcene Kingdomcs.This Abafcia by the bordering enemies of Nu-
bia and Aden is apparant to be this Ethiopia where we now are : euen by their Brands
v/e may know them : And this the Ancients called India. YoxSidoniM f calleththeE-
thiopianyJ^«ww«<r/, Indians ; andex£/w«*« ' placeth Indians at Aftaboras.one of the
Riucrsof Meroc; " Z/'/''^</alfobringethNilus out of India. Vfj^.Celoratit Ainniide-
uextu ah IndU : which mufi needs be meant of Ethiopia. I^tcepbortu ^ reckoncththe
Sabeans and Homerites people of Arabia vnto India. SmbeUicHt y c6mpIaincthof the
confounding of thcfe names India, and Ethiopia, faying, that moft men did thinke E-
thiopia next to Egypt, to be that India,where Alexander ouerthrew Porus. This con-
fufionofnames, I thinke, did firft grow from confufion of Nations. Forasis before
obferued out of Eufebiw, the Ethiopians arofe from the Riuer Indus, and fctled their
habitation neere to Egypt. Perhaps they brought rhe Indian name alfo to thefc parts.
Or elfe the ignorance of thefe remote countries might do it : in which refped:!:, not on-
ly a third part ofthe old world, but another new-found world, is named India.There-
fore Actfia and Airianiu Turnehiu ^ efteeme India to be a gencrall name to all Coun-
tries which are farre off, and ftrangctovs, althoughitbeproperlyattributed to the
Eaftlndies.

Nowif any wonder atfuch at extrauagantdifcourfeof India heere, let him know
i^zt'mo\M^zzxc\\{oxPrtsbyterlohn, which then was knowne to withfiandtheTar-
tarsin Afia,Icannotfeehowhe can be the Abidine or Ethiopian: but rather thinke
that when a mightie Chriftian Prince was found in Ethiopia, they did imagine him to
be that PreshUer lehn, of which they had heard in Alia ; being furthered in this errour
by the name, India, which, asisfaid, did generally comprehend both the true India,
and this, morctruely called Ethiopia. Now for that Pr#/^j'/i?r/9fc« in India, I take
him for fomcChriftian King: for at that ti:no there were many Chriftians, as appca-
reth by Vettettts, in manner difper Jed throughout Afia : and fome, called Saint ThowM
Chriftians, remaine in India to this day. Why I thinke it not to agree to the Abifllne,
my reafonsbefides the former, are, the dillance of place : all that huge traft of Ara-
bia, with the wide Seas on each fidcjfeparating India from Ethiopia: the vnpaffnble

Deferts



r Akd'ins nomi-
nal Indiamqu*
itt JEthiopiam
vergil^y.S.
i Sidoii'mi ap.
OrtcLinibe-
{auro.

t JElianus l.i-;.
animalium.
u yirg.Georg.^,
X Sabellicus
Ennead. i o. l.%.
More teftimo-
niesof this
nature fee in
Seal. E.T.pag.
639.

V Sabell. Mn.
i».lib.'i.
z li>f.Acon.hi(!.
Jnd-hbi\.c. 1 4.'
Turn. Aduerf.
lib.ii.cap.^.



dyo



Of Presbyter lohn^zsrc



Chap.



5-



Defcrts by Land : No mention inHiftory who fhould difpofieffethem of that India
aOfthefc In- yT/^/>,whcre the Tartar had neuer any great power : the Hiflories » which wehaueof
dian Hiftorics thofe Indian Princes, the Kings of Malabar, of Decamo, the Samorin,?v:c. arc againft
touching che jj . jhg difference of Religion; for thofe Indian Chriftians of S.T/jow?<w, arenotbran-
^me times. j^ J ^ijI^ ]^qj » irons, nor circumcifed, nor agree in other Rites with the Ethiopian : the
lib\ ap i'.^& Ethiopian HiftoHc challengeth no fuch large extents to their Empire, except in Africa,
zy'.&S^B.B, where they feate them in a continual! defcent, from the time o( Salomon, till now,
whereas thofe Tresb)ter-Ieh»t had their dwelling and abode in Afia, as their Stories
fignific. And further, thcname ^ Prieft-M«isanamevnknowneinEthiopia,andby
ignorant miftaking of the Eiiropxans, applied to that Ethiopian Empcrour when firft
they heard of him, as faith Zaga <■ Zabt his EmbafTadour to the King of Portugal!,
iatro'us Ethio- who reproueth the men of thefc parts ; faying that he is named of them Belal, which
pians.vfedto fignifieth E^vifrfirwr, or precious, and in the Chaldsan tongue, loanties Encos, which
^"^"^"^"j 'a^"' fignifieth the fame. Sabellicm faith, theEthiopianscalled him G/^jw; iL/»7/fWf«affir-
matike dift.l- , g^^ ^ . .^^^ fignifieth the highcft, and GyM, Lord. But Frier ■» Lnys out of

lations irom » , -^ _ , \ . °„ , . ? ■ , .,, . . \ ^ i . y

the braine: fu- Bait afar the Ethiopian, fheweth that in the hill Amara are ancient records, which te-

perftition hath ftifie that from the time of that Queene that came to Salomon, the Emperours haue bin
caufedfome called Beldigtan, thefignificationwhereof is,^pr*c/e/« ltone,orathingofgreatvalue:
which title hath continued to thofe Emperours, as Pharaoto the Egyptians^and CxfAt
to the Romans.Some alfo of the Royall bloud(which are vfually kept,as aftcrfhall ap.
pcarc. in the hill Amara) when they are elciled to the Empire,if there be many of that
Impcriall iffue take Orders, and become Priefts, not procreating any Children. Such



' This bran •
dingiscom-
ijion to the
MoriftiChri-
ftian, and Ido-



lo annex it to

their Bap-

tifme.

b Odoirdo Lo-

pex.l.i.i'lt.



c z.jgo zabo de fajth ^j in our times haue been Daniel the fecond, Paphnutim.thzz fucccedcd to N'a-
33.F/(/e ethiB- ^^ 3n(^ exf/i?A-Wfr the third his fucccffour, all which were both Pricfls and Kings;



piim.

d Um de Vt-n-

H Hi^Xthiop,

rib,i.cap.7.



c Mitlh.x.i.



i Communi-
cated tome,
by ihacindu-
ftrious and
learned Gen-
tleman, Ma-
fter ScWe«5 of
the Inner
Temple.

g Garc.abHor,

lib.i.eitp.i^.

Linfchounlib.i^

cup.'.-!.

hGoaisthe

feate ofthe

Portugall

Vice-roy,



and therefore by the Ethiopians which refort to the Holy Sepulchre at Icrufalem, and
vfed to fpeake Grecke, were called Prieft 'Beldigian. This by corruption of the name
by Merchants, and fuch as knew not the fignification, and alfo for brcuities fake, was
pronounced Prieft Gm« or /o^».

Now for the Prieft lohn in Afia,hc tcis that when S.Thamat was martyred in India,
the three <= yl/.«^/,whohadvifitedChri[l,by theleadingofai'M>'r#,inhisInfancie,and
had after beenc confecrated Bifhops oner their fcuerallKingdomes (you muft not de-



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 131 of 181)