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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 132 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 132 of 181)
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ny their royalty) by the Apoftle;cholc one amongft themfclucs to be Prieft and King,
who was called Prieft 7o&». If you belceue not Peter de Natalihu,outofv.'hom the
Frier cites this, I flnould be too much troubled in perfwading you. He telleth alfo ouc
of Otbo Frtfingenfts, that about the yeare 1 145. ontlohn a Chrifhan, both King and
Prieft.reigning in the furtheft parts ofthe Eaft, warred vpon.and ouercamc the Medes,
Aflyrians, andPerhans, and had intended to free lerufalemoutofSaraccnicallfcrui-
tude,but Dot finding paflagc oucr Tigris, was forced to rcturr.c. This is like to be that
Presbyter /e^»,whofe pofterity vfed that Stratagem before mentioned againft theTar-
tars.And to him I thinke might fitly agree that Title oiPreflegian (eafiiy dcfle£^ed and
altered to Pn>f?7(;6«J whereof you haue heard out of lo/eph Scali^er. I haue fcene a
Manufcript ^ in oldFrench,pretendedtobea LetterfromPr^ff^ryo/^w, to the Empc-
rour Frir^m;^!?, wherein is difcourfcdof the fitCjgreatncs.puifTance, wealth, and other
rarities of his eftate: but finding fomany monfters, andvncouth relations therein,!
could not be fo prodigal! offaith.or penurious of judgement, as to value his authority
at any high rate : wherein Sir hb» Mandeui II [eemes to haue bin a lender or borrower,
fo iuftly doe they agree, in difagreeing from both probability and pofTibility of truth :
yet both in the one and the other, we may obferuc the like fituation ofPreSier Ieh»s
dwelling in thefc parts of Afia, neere Perfia : and that fuch a multitude of Fables could
not but haue fome truth for their ground. My conclufion is, that for that name of Pre.
(t^gtan, I like well i'r<j/i'/tfr; interpretation, and thinke that it may agree either to this,
or fome other Chriftian Prince at tlwfe times in Indi3,which is far ncerer to Perfi3,and
from whence the Indians borrowed their royall titles, both in thofe times and fincc, as
Garciiu ab Horto g and Ltnfchotenfhcvi.Jdalham or yidelham, the Title of the King
of ^ Go<t,and the Countries about,common!y called fda/ca»,]s not a proper namc,buc
a Title of honor, fignifying (as Adonix.edek^le(}j,io.i . Lord) or King of luftice : ?^//4-

maltict.



Ch A P.4. AFRICA. Thefeuenth 'Booke.



671



1 M.PaulM.t.
citp.6.

k G.Bst.Sen.
par t.^. III.*.



maltfco, the fpeare of the Kingdome; and fuch like ; Ifmathhe Sophi (which name alfo
is by fome interpreted £/f ff .becaufe they pretended to be or doe ro,and othcrs.the re-
probate followers of arcprobat Religion) added the Title o(Xa or Sha,to fuch as cm-
braced his new Se£t,as AT/fiwo.v^J.Sic.Ifthe borrowing of names from thePcrfianlan-
t-uage (fo generall in thofe parts) be ftill obferucd : no maruell if fome Chriftian King
in thofe times might ftile himfelfc PreHegia>7,ot Apoftolicall, ( which others not vu-
derftanding, called Priefi fohn, or Prete I aunt) as being compafled with fo many Sara-
cens,the enemies of the Apoftles,be(idesHeretikes and Heathens. At Moful is yet a Pa-
triarke.who in Paulm > time was of farre greater iurifdidtion.and as anEafternc Pope
ordained Archbifliops and Bifliops.throiigh all the parts of India, befides Cairo, and
Baldach ; and therefore no maruell if in India there were fome great Chriftian Prince,
able to make head againft the Tartars in thofe times : For euen in Cranganor ^ are yet
fuppofed to be threelcorc and ten thoufand Chriflians : belides a great number in Ne-
gap3tan,and mMaripur: and very many in Angamale, and fifteenc thoufand on the
North of Cochin,whcre the Archbifliop that dependeth on the Patriarke ofBabylon,
or Moful,refideth : All which haue no communion with the Greeke,Roman,or Ethio-
pian Churches. And fortheEthiopian names or croffes, either their Merchants when
their ftate was great, or flaues, which taken from them areeueninthcfc times fold
deereft of any other, and mount to great preferments ofwarre, vndcrthefe Lords,
might leaue fuch impreffions : or, fome other, which as they profefled one Chrifi, fo
might haue fome words and ceremonies common with the Ethiopian.-although I muft
needs acknowledge, that many of thofe crofles haue not cf ofled my way, nor any o-
ther Ethiopian foot- prints.

Pardon me, gentle Rf ader, if I feemc tciKous in this difpute, feeing it is neceflaric
both for the vnderftanding of the extent of the power and Religion of this Prectotu or
'Prteli Ieh»:znd Scahger hauing afcribed fuch large bounds to his Empire,! could not
but examine the fame,otherwile profefling my felfe [finonmagu arnica Veritas) euen
willing, ifl muft needs crre, to erre with him, who hath in many tongues, and Arts,
fliewed himfelfc perhaps the worthieft Generall, and generalleft Worthy, againft Er-
rour. that euer we haue had, the e/4/jP^4 of learned men in our Age, as our learned
1 yl/9>'fo»teftifiethof him, and a great light of learning, acknowledged by ■» Reyall
teftimonie. Hisauthoritie I would not fecme to contemne.and therefore haueentred
this long fearch : contented,if any like better to follow the opinion oiScaliger in this,
as 1 haue done in many things elfe, that he take his choice.



1 P- Morton a-
gainftBra-f/y.
m Iiiniiudr
Seal, duo magna
liierarum lumi-
m Rex lacebiu
in Veclarat.
cmrayorfi. .



AN ADMONITION TO THE READER.

SJrtce the former Edition efmy Beool^I haue met with 4 later and larger Edition ofSra-
//^^r^ Emendation (ofteniy vs in thii Edition cited) not eafily to be feette : for I could
votanj wherein London precure it : only of my good friend ALisisr Craftiiw did I borrovr
the vfe of this and other Authors, inhiswellfurmlJjedLihrary. And therein hath Scaliger
altered hi^ former opimen,fothat this long difpute might now haue bcene left out, hut that it
ieth further illuUrate both this and other Htflories .-for which caufe 1 haueJiiUfujferedit to
continue, MaUerYtxcxzwooAinhii late Enquirie of Religions and Languages, hath
taxed Sc3.\igei alfo, for the fame fault.



Chap. 1 1 II.
of the tA.thi0pian Empire.

^^^^O come now to the Ethiopian GreatnefTcofthis Great Ethiopian; his

^^r) Titlewouldbcafufficienttcxtforamorefufficientglofre,then wecan

giue. In a Letter =• to King tmanuel,^ket diucrs words concerning the

iz-^ I^S?^ T'WwV/V follow ; Thefe Letters fendeth Atani Tinghill, that is, the Fran.

j^^-S^^K ^"""f" 'f '^' Vtrgin.which wm his name w 'Baptifme, but at the bg^in-

ningfifhtsReigne, b heeteokf /<? »<«w<r Dauid, thebelouedofGed, TiL

lar of the Faithydefcended of the Tribe of luda, Sonne of Diuid^Somie ofSzlomon,Sanne

M 111 m cf



ilit.a^Em rcol
xiid.Marmil.l.io
c.zo.&feq. ad
fin.& Smui,
Ub.io.cap.il,
h The Kings
of Ethiopia
change ilieir
names, as the
Popes vfc to
doe.



dyi



Of the /Ethiopian Empire.



Ch AP,4.



»f thi TfHar of Si»», Sennt efthefeede of lacob, So>t»e eft he hand of Miry, Swfte o/Na-
hu « According to the fie/h, .Emperour of the Greater and Higher ty£thtopia, and of moH



[Letter hU * According lO loejifjm, r,mpe/aMr vf .«c:u/c<.>cr, «»M /j/vr^tr, tyj^trjiyf/iH, anu aj W7Wt

Pope is i^y ffcKifgdomes, Territories, and lttrifdtU:i$ns, the Ktngofy.o2^Ci^HC,Vii\gzx, An-
' ^°^°^ gotc,Baru,Baaliganzc,Adca,Vanguc,4>;<iGoiame,»'A^r^A^//wy/'m^tf<fc; 0/Da-
r>lv Ado- ^j^gjj^ Vagucmedri, Ambcaa, Vagnc, Tigri-Mahon; 0/Sabaym, the Countrey of
the <^ueeni o/Saba, o/Barnagaflb, artd Lordas farreas'i'iuhli, vfhtch confitieth -upon



c In a Letter

to the

aiided

the Holy Apo

files, Peter and

Paa/.accor- , . - - ^ , , i u • i r"

Jingto grace. Egypc. Hecrc arc names enough to skarie a weakc brainc, a great part whereot are
now hU (as fomc fay) in Title onely. For at thisprefent, \i 'Barros znd Botero bee be-
IceuedjhisNeighbourshauemuchcncroched vpon him: as a httle before wee haue
A fupde jrm- ftiewed ; (a thing wholly denied by the later Relations of Frier •• Z>y/ ^f rVm*; Yet
ta&.rhef.Polit. feeing we are to traucll through all thcfe Countries, we willleauethcqueftionof do-
^p(;,'2.34. make minion to him and his neighbours, to trie it with the fword: Our pen (hall peaceably
Prcflcc ifofes the point out the places, and after that, the conditions. Barn^tgafo « is thcnighcfttovs,
^n the wodT' at lealt.by the necre fituation to the red Sea, nigheft to our knowledge. It ftretchcth
e"cept the ' from Suachcn almoft to the mouth of the Streyt.and hath Abagni,or Alhpus, on the
King of Spain. South. It hath no other Port on the red Sea, but Ercocco. Neither hath the Prete any
c O.Botere.Bt- other Port but this in all his Dominion, being Land-locked on all fides. ey^««o '55^'
f The Turkes committed heere great fpoile : They haue fince taken from the Prete, all
on the Sea fide, and fpccially that Port of Ercocco, and the other of Suachcn or Sua-
quem, and forced the Goucrnour or vnder-King of this Prouince, to compound for a
yearcly fumme of a thoufand ounces ot Gold : bcfides his Tribute to the Ethiopian.To
him arc alfo fubicd the Gouernments of Dafila.and Canfila.And theTurke hath a Caf-
fa g atSuaquem.calledby fro/fW/;^. Sehafiicum. Tigri-Mahon lieth betwceneNilus,
Marabo,twoRiuers,Angote,andtheSea.Tigraih3thinit Cazumo, which is fuppo-
fed the Scat-Royall of that great Qucene, which vifited Salomon. Angote is bctweene
Tigrc-Mahon and Amara. Hecrc in Amara ^ is afteepe Hill,dilating it felfc in around
forme, many dayes iourncy in compaflc, enuironing with the fteepe fidcs.and impafTi-
ble tops thereof, many fruitful! and pleafant Valhcs, wherein the kindred of ihtPrtte
are furely kept, for the auoiding of all tumults and feditions. Xoa hath ttore of corne
andcattelhGoiamehathplentieofgold :asBaguamedri liathfilucr. In Fatigar is a
Lake onthetopofahighmountaine,twelue miles compaffe, abounding with great
varictieof fifh; andthencerunnethmany Riuers, ftoredwith thefamefil'h,

Damut is ennobled with flauerie. For theflaues that are hence carried captiues, in
Arabia, Perfia, and Egypt,proue good fouldicrs. The grcaiter part of this Kingdome
are Gentiles, and the refidue Chriftians. The Oxen (as BerrnHdez-izhicih) are almoft
as great as Elephants,thcir homes very great.andferuc for veflcls to carry and kecpc
wine and water, as Barels or Tankerds. There is found alfo a kinde of Vnicorne,wildc
and fierce, fafhioncd like a horfe,of the bigncfle of an Afle. Neere hereunto he addeth
a Prouince of Amazons,whofe Queen kno weth no man,and is honored as a goddefle:
thefe fay, they were firfi inftituted by the Queen of Saba : both like true,as that which
iblloweth of Griffons.the PhcEnix,and fowlcs fo big, that they make a fhadow like a
cloud. Couche is fubieft to Damut: they are Gentiles: The Prince called Axgugce,
that is, Lord of riches : he fhe wed vs (faith Bermudez,) a Mountaine ghftering in fomc
places like the Sunnc, faying, all that was gold. More gold is faid there to be, then in
Peru, or in thefe parts iron.The head of the Monafteries of Amara Chrirtned him,Gr4-
deiu'ihc Empcrour being his God-father, and named him ^w^rfjv. Gueguere was
fomctimes called CMeroe : the Inhabitants are confederate with the Turkes and
Moores,againfttbcAbiffines. Dancaliand Dobas, arc necre the Red Sea, inhabited

withMoores.

Manyofthefc Countries are diuerfly placed by diuers : through ignorance of the
exadit fituations : which Jluarez, ' in his fo many yeares traucll in thofe parts, might
well haue acquainted vs with, if he had firll acquainted himfelfc with rules of Art; to
haue obfcrued by Inftruments the true fite and diftances.

Let vs now come vnto the Court of their Emperor,which Was alway mouing,'' and
yet the greateft Townc that his whole Empire containcs.For there are tew which haue
ja them one thoufani and fixe hundred Families, whereas this moucablc Citiehath

fiue



nefe.p.i.
PeryhisDc-
fcriptionof
places vndc-
fcribed by Us.
A.Mipn't'-
f G. B. B. parte
1. llb.z.

g He is called
TheBaffa.of
Abaflia, a fift
Bafior Begler-
beg , of the
Turke in Afri-
ca, omitted by
T^oUes.
b Fr.iiluxres.



lo.Bermiide%;



i Tr.Alusres.
k Aluares fpea-
keth as it was
in bis time : it
is now other-
wife, as you
{hall iifter
rsadc.



Ch A p«4. AFRICA. Thefeuenth 'Booke. 67^



flue thoufand, or fix choufand Tents, and Mules for cariage about fifiic thoufand. In
his march from one place to an- ther,if they paffe by a Chiirch.he and all his companic
aligbt.and walke on foot, till they be paft. There is alfo carried before him a confecra-
ted ftonc or Altar,vpon the fhoulders of certainc Pricfts appointed to that office.They
call hitn>4cf^«f, which fignifieth Emperour, and 7v(^pai«, that is, King. ,

By commandcmencofthcQueene Afrf^w^<?,v\'hichvinted5/j/<;»7o«, women ' arc ' SiraUolib.jg.
(fay they) Circumcifed : both Sexes are Grcumcifed at eight daycs old:3nd the males £^-e(|'wo[nc^^'
forty daies after ; the females foiircfcore; (vnleffe ficknes hafien the fame) are Baptifed. \„ th.;fc parts.
AsfortheritesoftheirChrlftianitie, itbelongcih not to this place to exprefTe. Their ^ien/aclmdum
CirCumcifionZ^J^e faith, isnotobfciued, as ifit made theni more worthy then othcf virip-xfiumm
Chriftians.forthey thinketobefaucdc^// by Faith. Thcyvfe this and dillinaions of *'«i'M',««''wj
tneats,and Mofaicall rites, yet fo as he that edteth, /hoti/d not Jefptfe him that eateth not, q,l'j^J^^l"^„.
andiiot condemning others that refiifethem:biit yet thinking that neither Chrift, nor dulofim tmncm
thcApofllcs, nor the Primitiue Church had difannuJIed them, interpreting alfo the qitam Nympham
Scriptures to their purpofe. Of their agrecingwith other Churches in the mofl points vocant,iimm-
of fubftance,the Author of the '" Crahahh Traditions hath written : and when I make '^'•'"^ l*"''"^""
a Chri^ian Ftfitation of thefe parts, it fliall be further difcouercd. cmwnnCm.

The fucceffion is not tied to the elde(i,but to him " whom the father appointeth.For Any one man
Vduid which fenthis Ambaflage toPortugall, was the third fonne in order, and for mayCircuir.-
modeftie inrefufingtofitiii his fathers Throne, which in the fame triall his other bre- ci(c,anditis
shren had accepted, was preferred to that which he had refu'ed : the other reiecSed for pJ^^ without
their forward acceptation. The King offered " the King of Portugall an hundred thou- ccri:n\on\e.
fand drammes of Gold,and as many Souldiours towards the fubduing of the Moores, tn Catholiise
befides other things meet for the warrc. It feemes the difference of the Ethiopian.and Traditions.
Popifh Superttition was the chiefe hinderance in this bulineffe : neither partie being a- " ^« ^-"y^ '^"^^
ble (if willing) to reconcile their long-recciued differences from each other, and the 'iV; 1 ■
truth. £«^ «»»« the Pope, and the King, then named T'^tf^«^o//<i<:o^, phadwritten (i^ewed,
to each other:and jilaarez, yeelded 1 obedience to the Pope, in the name of the Pretty o iium ad £"
at Bologna, in thcprefence of Pope Clement the feticnth, and (^barles the fift. But all man.
thisfortedtononeerfeft. For Pope P^iw/ the fourth fent an EmbafTage to Claudius, P i"""*"'^
then the AbaffineEmperour, employing in the fame thirteenelefuites, one of which aQyi£i„,n
was made Patriarke, and two Bifhops, in their hopcfull Ethiopian Hierarchic. Iqna. ddPnteianni
titu, the Foxinder of the leiliits, wrote a long Letter aifo,which Afaffkiu ' hath infer- &c. apudRn-
tcd at large. Thus in the yeare 1555. lohn the third, King of Portugall, vndertookc rnufnm.
the charges to conuey them thither : and fent '' Confalutu Roterigins, to prepare them [ j"^''/.
way by a former Embaflagc to CUudim, whofe cares he found fa(t dofed to luch mo- f r^j„ 'ac'o^o.
tions: Whereupon the new Patriarkettayed at Goad, and one of the Biftiops with a m commmiano
Ptieft or two went thither, where when they came, they found Clutdtm flainc^and his mum in onente
brother' tAdamas, acruell man, andan Apoflata fometimes from his Faith, in the g'l'"'""'-
Throne. He Caftthc new Bifhop into bands, and drew him into the warres with him, ' '^""ao^- of
where the Emperoar was Afcomfited, and he taken and ftripped of all, and at lalt mi- ""'^'' "*
ferably died, and with him the hope of Roman AktJfu.Iohn Nonmw Barretui,:he de-
figned Patriatke,rcfufed (as MaffdHs faith) the ArchbiHioprike ofGoa,where his bro-
ther was Viceroy,and remained fubieil to the lefuiticall Societietohisdeath. In the
yeare 1 5 59. loannes Bermudefim * returned to Lisbone. He wrote a Difcourfe of his » lo.Eetmiidei.
EmbafTage from the Ethiopian EmperoHrto/o^«thethird,Kingof Portugal!, and of relac. Legat.
his aduentures in thofeparts befalnc him. In which he relateth that ^buKa Marcos be-
ing at the point ofdeath, ^«.i ^ ^ y, the Emperour willed him to nominate his Succef-
for, whereupon he appointed this Bermudez,, and ordered him with all iacred Orders :
which he accepted vpon condition of the Popes confirmation,whcreto the Emperour
confentcd.defiringhim to go to Rome to giue obedience to the Pope.and from thence
toPortugall to conclude Taga^auo (fb he calleth him) his EmbafTsge. Paul^.coafir- ManiTixghit.
iTied himPatriarkof Alexandria.He apprehended Taga^auo, as Ofiadinguel tmoyncA,
and dapt irons on him.His Emperors rcqucfl was a manage to be had with the Kings
fon of Portugal.the Ethiopian fuccefTio to remaine his dowry:alfo to fend men againli
Zeila J and Pioners to cut thorow a hiil,thereby to bring Nilus to annoy Egypt. Fourc

Mmm a hundred



674



Of the /Ethiopian Bm^'ire.



Chap. 4,



hundred and fiftic were fent accordingly by Gnrcia of Noronya. But Omdm^ue/vjzs
dead, and Gradem was Empcrour, who oucrthrew the Moores,and flew the Kings of
Zcila andof Aden. This Empcrour fell out with the Portugals, and fent to Alexan-
driafor another Abma, whofe name was lofefh, fo that none acknowledged Bermw
<;i(rx. but the Portugals. Sabellicui " faith hee had conference with Tome Ethiopians,
which faid that their Lord ruled ouerthreefcorc and two Kings. They called himCv-
am, which fignifieth Mightie. They wondered why the Italians called him a Prieit,
feeingheneuerreceiuedOrdcrs.onely he beftowed Benefices: and is neither called
lohn or laneSy but (jyrn. Some report of him things incredible, as one Weh » an
Englifh man in his Tales of his Traucls. He hath Gold enough fliut vp in a Cauc, to
buy themoitieof the world, as £,. y ^<'^f«^3flirnicth,and can raife an Armic of ten
hundred thoufand, ({ahh Sabellicui.) Yet the Pcafants arc not employed in militaric
f ruicc: but onely the Cauas, which arc men brought vp thereto. They warre not in
the Lent, ^ exceptagainft themfelues withcxtrcmitieof fafting, fo weakening their
bodies, that the Moores * make that their HarucO of AbifTine captiues. Of this their
fafting eyi/mresdkh, That they beginnc their Lent ten dayes before vs: and after
Cand!emafle, fart three dayes, in remembrance of Niniuchs repentance; many Friers
in that fpace eating nothing : and fome women rcfufing to fucklc their children abouc
once a day. Their gencrall faft is bread and water, forhfh is not eafily had,they being
ignorant to take it. Some Friers eate no bread all Lent long for dcuotion ; fome, not
in a whole ycare, or in their whole life, but {ced on herbs, without Oyle or Salt : that
I fpeake not of their girdles of yron, and other thcii- hardfliips, which my pen would
willingly exprefle, it my Method forbade me not.This biWng (as expofing their Statt
to hottileinuafions and infolencies) they finde place and mention heere. Their Friers
and Priefts in Lent cat but once m two dayes, and that in the night. Queened Helena,
that fent her Ambafladour to King Emanuel, was reported to eate but three times a
wecke, on Tuefday,Thurfday, Saturday. On Siindaycs they faft not. In Tigray and
Tigremahon they faft neither Saturday nor Sunday.- and they marry (becaufethey
haue two moneths priuiledge from fafting) one Thurfday before our Shrouetide.They
that are r;ch,may thcve marry three wiues, and the lufticfifoibids them not; onely
c they are excommunicated from entring the Church.

In the Kingdome of Angole, yron, and fait is currant money. The Moorej of Do-
bas haue a Law, prohibiting marriage to any, that hath not firfi flaine twclue Chrifti-
ans. Thediuorces ^ and marrying the wiues of their brethren deceafed, is hecrc in.
vfe much like as with the lewcs.

In Bernagiflb,y//«<«r^* and his company,in their traucll were encountred with ma-
ny great Apes as bigge as Weathers, their fore-parts hairle like Lions, which went
not lefle then two or three hundred in a company : they would dimbe any rock ; they
digged the earth, that it feemed as it had bcenc tilled.

In the Countrey of the Giannamori, = as they trauelled, they crofled a certaine
brooke or Riuer, that came downe from the Mountaines, and finding a pleafmt place,
{haded with the Sallovi/es, there they rcpofed themfelues at noone .-the water of the
brooke was not fufficient to driuc a Mill. And whiles the company flood, fome on
one fide the brooke, fome on the other, they heard a thunder, which feemed a farrc off
butfawnolikelihoodof rainc or winde; when the thunder was done, they put their
ftuffe in order to be gone, and had t.iken vp the Tent, in which they dined, when one
of the company going by the brooke about his bufinefle, fuddenly cried out, Lcoke
tojoHrfelues: whereupon turning about, they fawthe water come downe a fpeares
deapth with great furie, which carried away part of their ftuffe : and had they not (by
good happe) taken vp their Tent, they together with it had becnc carried away with
the ftreame. Many of them were forced tochmbe vp theSallowes. Such was the
noifc of the water, and thcratUng of theftones, which came tumbling downe the
Mountaines together, that the earth trembled, and the skie feemed to threaten*
downe-fall. Suddenly itcame, andiuddeniyitpaffed. Forthefame day they paffed
ouer, andfavv very many and great ftonesioyned to thofe which they had feene there
before.

In



U SdbclILn,



X WebuTxi-

uels.

y L.LeRojiJ.^,



% Alii.irc\ ca^,

a The Moores
alfo vfe to
giucadaulK
on the Sntur-
daiesand5>un-
d:iyes,bccaufe
(of a lewilh
fupeiftcion)
then they re.
fufe CO fight.

b Lit.tiekn.

aiEm.Kcg.?or-

tugal.



c Aluart^;



d A'.K.ir.CM.



c Caf. JO,



C H A P.2 . A F R I C A. The fixt (Booke, 67^



In rneKingdoiTieof'Goyame,ftheRiuer Nilus fpringeth, it is there called Gion,
and comes from two Lakes, which fortheirgrcatnefle may feeme to bee Seas, in somedVaw'*
which report gocth that Mermaydes,Tritons,or Men-fiflies are feene , and fome haue Nilus from
toide mre (fayth «y4lvarez.) that they haue feene it. Peter CoHillian a Portugall, certain moun-
whichhad Iiueda greatpartof his life in thofc partes, toldemce, that hee had beene taines,whirh
in that Kingdome by order from Quccne He/ena , to build there an Altar in a are named
Church bulk by her, where fhee was buried, Beyond that Kingdome, I v\astoldc, [i^,eMoonr:°
there werelewes. buciccomes

Don lolmde Ct7?rtf mentions a high Hill inhabited of lewcs , in thcfc partes, which tirftfiom the
came, no man kno w es from whence : but they defended the Pretc againft the Moorcs. ^ake Zcmbre,
Gfthctals in Goyame, before is related out of ^^raw^f^, that they make a noyfe like "^r^L^/^"/?
thunder. Hee layth that in Dembia Nilus runneth within thirtic or fortie leagues, whcrlith^n''
■^ofthcRcd-Sea, towhichtheEmperourpurpofedtocutapaffage, ashisPrcdeceflbur creafea.
had begunne. TheJe is a great Lake thirtie leagues long and twentie broad , with Bcrumdcx,
manylflands, inhabited only of Religious men. Jgao is poffeded of Mores and ^
Gentles mixed. Hcc fpeakes of the Kingdome ofOghy , feuen or eight dayes iour-
niefromDoaro, vnder whichisaProuince of Gentles called Goraguc, bordering
with Qi^iloa and Mongalo , which aregreat Witches, and obferue entrals, of facrifi-
ccdBeafles. They kill an Oxe with certaine Ceremonies, and annointing themfclucs
with the tallow thereof, make a great fire, feeming to goe into it, and tofitdowne in
a chairc therein; thence giuingDiuinations and anfwcrcs without burning. Their
Tribute is two Lyons, three Whelpcs, an Ounce of Goldc molten, with certaine
Hennes and Chickens of the fame mettall.SixeBuffcs laden with Siluer, athoufand
Bceues, and the skines of Lyom, Ounces and Flkcs. TheGofFates are vulgarly repor-
ted to haue beene lewes :they are hated in other Prouinces

The houfes ofthe Ethiopians Bare round, allofEarth, flat roofed, couered with S'^-^JJ'.
thatch, compafled with yards. They fleep vpon Oxe-hides,They hawc neyther Tables
nor Table-clothes, but haue their meate ferued in on plains woodden Platters. Some
eateflcfhraw; others brovie it. Artillery they had not vntill they bought fome of



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 132 of 181)