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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 133 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 133 of 181)
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theTurkes. Writing is little (and fcarce a little) vfedamongft them: the Officers dif-
patch matters of luftice by Meflengers, and word ofmouth.There is no wine made of
the Grape (but by ftealth) except at the Pretes and ^ Ahunns : others vfe Wine made ^. '^^""'^ " i^
ofRafins.fteepedtcnnedayesin water,andftrained,which iscordiallandftrong They "^'"^ atuatcb
haue plentieand wancofinettals;Gold,Siluer,&c.the foileyecldeth,butthey haue not
Art to take it. They haueno coine of Gold or Silucr; fait is the mofl; currant monie.Su-
gar canes they haie, but want skill to vfe them. The mountaines and woods are full of
BafiU and other odoriferous plants. They haue ftore of Bees and honie : but their hiues
are placed in Chambers, where making a little hole in the wall the Bees goe in and out.
There are fome places very cold.The Commons are mifcrably opprefled by their fupe-
riours. No man may kill an Oxe though it be his owne, without licence from the Go-
ucrnours: there were no Shambles but It the Court. The common people feldome
fpcaketruih, no not vpon an oath, except they are compelled to fwearc by the head
ofthc King; they exceedingly feare excommunication. Their oathes are in this fort:
Thepartie tobecdepofedgoeth with two Priefls , carrying with them fire and in-
ccnfc to the Church-dorc,whcreon he layeth his hand.

Then the Pricft adiures him.<ay ing:If thou flialt fwear falily, as the lyon dcuourcth
the beads of the forreft, fo let the Dcuill deuoure thy foule : and as corne is grounded
vnder the Mil-ftone, fo let him grindc ihy bones : and as the fire burneth vp the woodi
fo let thy foule burne in Hell : (the partic anfwereth to euery of thefe claufes, A-
■ pien.Butifthoufpeaketruih, let thy life be prolonged with honour, and lee thy foule
enter into Paradife with the Bleffed, Amen. Then doth hee giue his teflimonie. They
haue Bookcs written in Parchment,

Some' afifirmethatthe Princes of Egypt haue time outofminde payed to Fr^iififr iFLiiyihiJftr.
hhm great tribute,(continued by the Turkes,whichZa;; faith is three hundred thou- ^'-'f-io-
/and Zeanisy euery Zec^tti being fixteene ryals, and with vs cighi fliillings (for that by ^"^^^'^f^'fip-
him the furious fpirii of Nilus is flacked and cooled,being detained in the way by ma- whole W6rJd

Mmm 3 nic



676



Of the Hi^ Amara , <isr



Chap.5,



a A'fonf.Albii.
querquc Acwi-
fedtodiucrt
Nilus into the
red Sea.
F.luyA'Ah,
that Pi«J 5. the
Pope piouo-
kcd Meana the
Vrcte to refufe
the tribute, &
to flay it by di-
uertingthe
ftream, where,
vpon the Turk
fent Chriftians
outof Greece
& other parts
to dwell the,
andinCa:ro
placed 30000.
familics.which
Caufed there
PopelSc Prete
to alter tbeic
courfe.

b Andrea. Coifa-
li Uter.z.ap.R.
" Lup de Frre '
ta hiU. de Id £-
ib'wpia l.i .f.



cP'J2.?44.
In their lan»
guage Alici-
meimt.



nie duces for that purpofe madc.Thc great Turk denying thisnhc Abiffluc caufed thofc
dammes to be broken , and by drowning Egypt in vncouth manncr.forced that grcac
Monarch to compofition. Aluartz. denies both the mountaines oiLuna, and the mel-
ting of Snow , which is fupofed the caufe of this Riucrs haftinefle and afcribcth the o-
ucrflowing of Nilus to the extreme raines in e^thiopia.whofe Fountaincs diuers Por-
tugals haue fecne (he fay th) in Goyame.Thc Turke notwithftanding hath(by vvarrino
vpon hmi)ere6led a new Beglerbeg-fhip in his Dominions. uiluMreu liued there fixe
yeares.and was once within thirticmyles of Nilus' ,h\xt in all histrauels neuer faw
that riuer. So little acceffc haue the Ethiopians(barrcd out by vnpaflable paflages)vfu-.
ally to the fame.

Andrea, •> Corfali reporteth that the Prete DAUid,viis of Oliue color, but fliewed his
face but once in the yeare,hauing at other tithes his face coucrcd forgteater ftatc, and
therefore alfo fpake to none,buc by an interpreter. The Inhabitants are branded with
fire, which they tfe, not for BaptifmCjbiit in obferuation of a Cuftomc o( Salomm ,
who fo marked his flaucs, as they affirme. Frier Luys giueth a more probable reafon
thereof, faying that when the World groned vndcr Arrianifme : the AbiffineEitiperor
caufed his fubicds to brand themfchies with a three-fold markc or ftampe in the fore-
head ,to teftifie their faith of and in the Trinitie: which now fincc their commerce with
the Roman Chriftians is in manner wholly left, except in the ruder and more vnciuill
partsofBarnagaffo, the borders of the Empirc.Thc fame Author * faith, that in Ae-
thiopia are Elephans, the Rhinoceros , and ( befides other bcafls ) the Vnicorne in the
Kingdome of Goyame , and in the hilles of the Moone , but feldome feene , onely the
borne is found^which hee cafteth in maner as the Hart.Thcrc are alfo (hee faith) birds
ofParadife: and fuchflorc and varietie of flowers all the yearc long , that their E«-
nuches are al waie decked with them.There is one Flower not any where elfc knownc,
called Ghoyahula, much refembling a Mary-gold , but exceeding fairS in varietie and
cxcellencieofcolours, fragrant fmell, abundance of Icaucs in the Flower, and with
a more rare qualitiej beginning to open at noone , and fo by little and little opening
more and more till midnight, alway the fent encreafing with the opening : after mid-
night it (huts by little and little , till noone:denyingby the fame degrees herpleafng
offices to both fenfcs, of fcnt.and fight. Hee mentioneth' alfo a bird,called the T^ino-
ceros of the Ayre,much bigger then an Eagle, and hauing a bow-fafliioned bil or beak
foure foot loDg,and a home between the cie$,with a blacke line alongft it. It is a cruel
fowle, and attends on battels and campes. The Portugals had fight of one at the Red-
Ses, when Soljman the Eunuch had his Nauic in the Red-Sea. The home is of the fame '
propertie with that ofthe Vnicorne and Rhinoceros. There arcfiflies alfo called Khi"
nectrotes of the Seaj many of which arc paid the 'Frtte for Tri^te.



t. Alu/irc^a



Chap. V.
of the Hill ^mara : and the rarities therein,

y^t^^ife^;^ H e hil Amara hath alreadic beenc often mentioncd,and ntithing indeed
in all Ethiopia more deferueth menrion,whether wee refpeft the natu-
rallfite, or the employment thereof. Somcwhatis Written thereof by
Gcographers.and Hiftorians, efpecially by Aluarez. whom wee haue
chiefly followed in the formerrclations of this Countrie , as an eye-
witnefle of the moft thinges reported; but neither they, nor he,haue a-
nyihino but by relation, fauing thathepafled two dayes iournie along by the fayd
hill, andthat alfo had almoftcott himhislifc.But7oA««/if 'Balufar liutdinihefamea
long time, and therein ferued t/ilexander which was afterwards Emperour, and was
often by commandement of the fame msn,when he was Emperour,(ent thither: out of
nidclaX.thlo. his rclations.Frier^I-^y/faythhchathborrowcdthat which here we offer you. And
fi J prim. here we offer you no fmall fauour to conduft you into, and about this place , where
<.8. & deim^s. ^^Q^^ ^^^y ^.^^^ but an Ethiopian, aiid that by cxprcffc licence, vnder painc of Icauing

his




({ Luys de Vr.

r tilde la. hifio-



R



G H A P.l . AFRICA. The fixt ^ooke. 67 f

his hands,fcct,and eyes behind, in price for his curiofitie;and not much lefTe is the dan-
ger of fuch as offer to efcape from thencc;^/«<j»'« himfelf being an eyc-witnes of fome
fuch cruell executions infliifted for that offence. This hill is fituateasthcnauilcfthac
Ethiopian bodie,and centre of their Empire.vnder the Equinoctial linc,vvhere the Sun
msy take his heR view thereof, as not encountring in all his long iourny with the like
Theatre; wherein the Graces and Mufes are A(Sors ( no place more graced with Na-
tures ftorc, orfurniflied with fuch a Store-houfc of Bookes.the Sun himlelfe fo in loue
with the fight, that the firft and laft thing he vieweth in all tliofc parts, is this hill , and
where Antiquitie confecrated vnto him a ftately Temple : the Gods (if ye beleeuc Ho-
mer, > that they feafted in Ethiopia) could not there, nor.in the world find a fitter place "Hfl/wJ/.a.
for entertainment , all of them contributing their beft fiore (ifl may fo fpeake) to the
banquet, Sacchw, Inno, VenM,P0mo»a,Ceres,vind therefi,-with ftorc offruits,whoie-
fomeaire, pleafantafpeftandprofpeft; fecurcdby cJ^/^r/, left any finiftcr accident
fiiojld interrupt their delights, if his Garrifons ofSouldiers were needfuli, where Na-
ture had fo ftrongly fortified before ; oncly Neftme with his ruder Sea-Deities , and
Pluto with his blacke-Guard of barking Cerhertu , and the reft of that dreadfull traine
(whofcvnwclcomeprefence would trouble al that are prefent)areall,faueC^4>-tf»,who
attends on cuery feaft, yea now hathferricd away thofe fuppofcd Deities with himfelfc
perpetually exiled from this place. Once, Heaucn and Earth,Naturc and Induftry ,haue
all bccnc corriuals to it, all prefenting th eir bef^ prefents , to make it of this fo louely
prefence,fbme taking this for the place of our Fore-fathers Paradife. And yet though
thus admired of others.as a Paradife,it is made a Prifjn to fome,cn whom Nature had
beftowed the greateft freedome, if their freedome had not beene eclipfed l> with great- ^ ^'"" ""'*' '^f^
Dfffe, and though goodly ftarres, yet by the Suns brightnefle are forced to hide their ^''""'•°"'<*-
light, when groffe and earthly bodies are fcene) their noblcnefle making them prifo-
ners, that one Sun onely may fhine in that Ethiopian thron«.

It is fituatc in a great Plaine.largely extending it felfc euery way, without other hill
in the fame for the fpace of joleagues.the forme thereofround and circular, the height
fuch, that it is a dales workc to afcend from the foot to the topjround about,the rock is
cut fo fmooth & euen,without any vncqual fwclling'!,that it feemcth to him that ftands
beneath,like a high wal,whereon the Heauen is as it were propped:& at the top it is o-
uer-hanged with rocks, iutting forth of the fides the fpace ofa mile , bearing out like
niufhromes. fothatitisimpoffibleto afcend it, or by ramming withfcarth , battering
withCanon,fcaIingorotherwifetowinneit. Itisaboue 20 leagues in circuit com-
' palTed with a wall on the top, well wrought, that neyther man nor beaft in chafe may
fiUdowne. The top is aplaine field, only toward the Southis a ryfing hil , beautifying
this plaine, as it were with a watch-towcr,not feruing alone to the eye , but yceldine
alfo a pleafant fpring which paffeih through all that Plaine,p3ying his tributes to eue«
ry garden that will exa6t it, and making a Lake, whence iffueth a Riucr, which hauino'
from thcfe tops efpied Nilus, neucr leaues feeking to find him, whom hce cannot Icaue
both to feeke and find,that by his direftion and conueiance he may together with him

prefent himfelfe before theFathcr and great King ofwaters.theSea.Thc way vp to it is
€Ut out within the rocke,not with ftaires, but afcendingby little and little, that one
may ride vp with cafe.it hath alfo hols cut to let in light,&at the foot of this afcending
place, a faire gate, with a Corf us du Guarde, Halfe way vp is a faire and fpacious Hall
cutJoutofthefamerockjWith^ windowes very large vpwards:theafcent is about the
length ofalanee and a halfeiand at the top is a gate with another gard. The aire aboue
is wholefome and deleftable;and they liuc there very long,and without ficknes.There
are no Cities on the toppe', but palaces, ftanding by themfelues, iiinumber foure
andthirtic, fpacious, iumptuous, andbeautifull , where the Princes of the Roy-,
all bloud bauejthcir abode with their families. The Souldiers that gard the place dwell
in Tents.

There are two Temple?, built before the Raigne of the Qucene ofSaba , one in ho-
nour of the Sunne,the other of the Moone, the moft magnificent in all Ethiopia, which
by Candace, when (hee was conuerted to the Chriftian Faith , were confecrated in the
name ofihe Holy Ghoft,3SKi of the Croffe. Ac that time ,(cheytell} Cafidaceaken-

din^



/?



7? Of the Will Mara , circ. C h a p. 5.



ding with the Eunuch (whofe proper name was 7w<J/f<«) to .baptize all of the Royall
bloii.1, which were there kept, Zacharie the eldefl; of them , was in his ba'ptizme na-
med ."A////', in remembrance of /'/'//fxconuercing the Eunuch , which caufed all the
Empcrours to be called by that name, till /oh» the Saint , who would bee called /oh»
I ecaiife he was crowned on Saint /«^»i day : and while ihey were bufie in that Holy
workcofbaptizing the Princes, a Douc in fieric forme came flying wuh'beames of
light, and lighted on the highcft Temple dedicated to the Sunne , whereupon it was af-
terwards confecratedtothc Holy Ghofi by Saint Afathtwthe Apoftle, when he prea-
ched in Sthtofia. Thofe two Temples were af erthatgiuen to the Monsfticall Knights
oftheMilitarcOrderof Saint fc/^»r/;(?>«^, by Phtlip thefcuenth, with two great and
jpacious Couen's built for them. 1 fliould loofe both you and my felfc, if I fhould lead
youintotheirfweet, flourifliingandfruitfull Gardens, whereof there are ftoreinthis
Plaine, curiouHy mdc,andflcntifullyfurnifhed with fruites bo'.h of Europe plants
thcre,as Peares, Pippins, and fuch like; and of their owne, as Oranges, Citrons, Li-
mons.and the reft; with Cedars, Palme-trees, with other trees, and varietic of herbes
and flowers, to fatisfie the fight, tafl and fent. BucI would intcrtaineyou , only with
raritics.no where elfc to bee found; and fuch is the Cubayo tree , pleafant', beyond all
compar)fon,in tafl, and whcreunto for the vcrtne is imputed the health and long life
of the Inhabitants; and the Balme tree, w hereof there is great ftorc here : and hence ic
ih,f.4ntl% en 'S thought 'the QueeneofSabacaried and gaue to5<«/o»?»», w ho planted ihem in lu-
d2:a,frora whence they were tranfplanted at Cairo long after. The plentie of Graines
and Corne there growing, the charmes of birds alluring the cares with their warbling
Notes, and fixing thecycs on their coIours,ioyntIy agreeing in bcautie, by their difa-
greeingvarieiic, and other Creatures that adornc this Paradifc, iright make mee glut
you(asfwcetmeatesvfualIy doe) with coo much ftore. Let vs thcrefcre take view of
fome other things worthic our ad -niration in this admired hill, taking the Frier for our ■
guide, \Nhofe credit I leauc to your Cenfurc,

Such is the flatcly building of the two Churches aforefaid, with their Monafteries,

the pillars and roofes of flonc,richIy and cunningly wrought,thc matter and the work-

manfliip confpiting magnificence; that of lafpar , Alabafter , Marble, Porphyrie; this

with painting,£;ilding,and much curiontie;with the two Monafteries, containing each

ofthcm I joo.Relig ous Knights and Monks-each monaflcric hath two Abbats;onc of

the militarie Knights; the other fpirituall, of the Menkes, inferior to the former. In the

bTl Tl 'c Monaflcrie of theHolyCrofle are two rare pecces, whereon rro»rffr may iifilyfaften

of the I'letc. t)oth hci eyes : the Trcafury and Library ^ ofthe Emperor^ncyther ofwhich is thought

c zmar.Ax.o.i. to bemotchablc in the World That Library of Conftantinoplec wherein were noooo

dGclt.l6c.\7. Bookes,northe Alcxandiian Library wherein ^*//'/«''numbieth yccooo, had the fire

c Fr.U'VJ hath notbin admitted (too haftie a Student) to confunie them; yet had they come fliort, if

a vt.ry aage report ouer-rcach not, of this whereof we fpeakc;their number is in a manner innume-

uheiii l.i.c.9- rable,thcir price ineftimable.The Queen of Saba(theyfay)procurcd Books hither from

taken out (as al parts,behdes many which Salomon gaue her.find from that time to this, their Empe-

hc favth) or an rors hauc fiicceded in like care and diligence. There are ^. great Hals, each aboue two

'j 7'"'''r'^ hundred paces large, with Books ofall Sciences.writtcn in fine Patchmencwih much

still L crernl curiofitic of golden Letters and o'her workcs.and coft in the writing,binding,and co-

w« niadc of "^""s : fome on the floorc, fome on fhelucs about the fides.there arc few ofPaperrwhich

them, being is but a new thing in Ethiopia.There are the writings oi Enoch copied out ofthe flones

f^nt [hither by wherein they were engrauen, which intreate of Philofophic, ofiheHeauensandElc-

t e lopcLF^f- rnents. Others goe vnder the name of A/#f, the fubieftwheteof is Cofmographie.Ma-

inftanceof thcmatikcs.Ceremoniesand prayers:fomc ofvf^r;7/?-«>»,which hecompofed whenhee

Cardmall Gar- dwelt in the Valley of Mamre,and there read publikly Philofophie and the Mathema-

/cf, which faw tikes. There is very much of Sa/omon, a great number palling vnder his name :many a-

p.nd admired \cr\bed to Ic^ , which hee Writ afterrhe recouerie of his Profperitie : mznie of Efslrat

'u^ ^^"'^JM ^^^ Piophets.and High Priefls. And befidcs the foure Canonical Gofpcls, many others

nianv others afcribed to "B art ho h mew, Thomas, ^/indrcw , and others : much of the SibtHes , in

then in their verfe.and profe : the workes ofthe QuccneofSaba: the Grecke Fathers all that hauc

■ cq;Tipaiii'.-. Written, of which, many are not extant with vs; the Writers « of Syria, Egypc,Africa,

and



Chap. 5. AFRICA. Thefeuenth'BoQk.e. 67^



and the Latine Fathers tranflated.with other innumerable in the Greeke, Hebrew, A-
rabikcAbifltne.Egyptian.SyrianjChaldee/arre more Authors.and more of them iheri '

we haue; few in Latin ; yet T.Liums is there Vi-hole, which with vs is impcrfcit ; and
fomeoftheworkesofT^ow^ Acjuium; Saint ayiuguFiineswoxkes are in Arabike;
Poets,Philorophers,Phyr:cians,Rabbines,TaImudifts,Cabaiifts,HierogIyphikes,and
Othersw'ould be too tedious torelate.When lerufalem wasdcltroycdby ?"/>«/; when
the Saracens ouer-ranne the Chriftian world ; many bookes were conucyed out of the
Eafterne parts into Ethiopia; when ffr^^^W and //<?M« expelled the lewts out of
Spaincmany of them entred into Ethiopia.and for doing this without licence.enrich-
ed the Pretes Librarie with their bookes : when Charles the fift rellored Muleaffes to
his Kingdomc, the Pmf hearing that there was at Tunis a great Librarie, fent and
bought more then thr?ethoufand bookes of diucrsArtes. There arc aboue two hun-
dred Monkes,whofe office is to looketothe Librarie,to keep themclcane and found ;
each appointe'd to the bookes of that language which hee vnderftandeth ; the Abbot
hath ftreight charge from the Empcror,to haue care thereof j he cftceming this Libra-
rie more then his treafure.

And yet his treafurc is fuch,"^ as leaues all others ofal! Princes in the world behindc, k The trcafii-
quite out of fight: itisaSea.thateueryyeare receiuethnew Riuers, ncuer running ryofiheFrt-e,
out : the Emperours.euen from the time of the Queenc of Saba, laying vp part of their
reucnue here. And therefore 1D<«»'W the Trft*, in Letters to King lahn thefecondof \uiuuDmiiL
Portugall.faid.that he had goldc as the fands of the Sea.and the ftarres in the skie.The
firft thst coyned money.was Alexander the third, which died in theycare of our Lord
idoj.ftamping in the onefidc,the figure ofSt./l/<J<^«n' the Ethiopian Patron, andoii
the other,the Lion and Crolfcjwhich is the armes of Ethiopia. His jewels, here kept,
areincomparable:Topaz.es,Amethifts,Saphires,Diamonds,and others. Heharijonc
Jewell which was found in the Riuer Niger (that brings forth more gemmcs thlnany
Riucr in the world) which is one pcece of ftone or rocke^ diucrfified with a thoufand
varieti ts of Hone : it is fquare.about two palmes * and a halfe,aud tbickc withall : there " Spannes,
are in it a hundred and fixtieDiamonds.one as large as the palme of ones hand, others
cfone,two or three fingersjandfomcleffe: it hath aboue three hundred EmetaldsjRu-
bies the greateft in the world : aboue fiftic Saphires,Turquefes,Balazes, Amethifts, I-
pinels,Topazes,T3cinths,Chryfolites,and all other kinds.Naturehere playing the Ic-
wcUer.and reprefenting aMap of the worlds gemmes in one jewe]l,without,and infi-
nitely beyond.all Art of man. Being fetm the Sunne, it feemes a combined marriage
of heauenly and earthly Excellence.that no mortall eye hath fcf^nc the like, nor is able
to endure the light of this. When Bernardo Vechett, a Jeweller , was fent thither by
Francis de Medtcis Duke of Florence,he accounted it beyond allcftimation or value,
TheEmperourkccpesitinaBoxeofGolde. Bythepcrfwafionof that Bernardo hee
hath made him Tables fet with thoufands offtones in them. Corral! is more eftecmcd
in Ethiopia then gold^and therefore Frier hup denies that Corralls in the bottome of
the redde Sea make it reddCjBs fome affirme : and that which Barroi"^ faith hath been m bmyos det,
found thcre,isVnperfea. ^Mb.U.l.

But greater lewels then thofe are kept in Amara, the Princes ofthebloud royal!,

•which are fent to ihishill at eight yeares old, and neuer returne thence, except they be

cbofen Emperours.Thc firft Author of this cuftome was lofue the nephew oi Salomon,

and fonne oftMetlec or Melilec.io rcmoue all occafions of ciuill warres about fuccef-

fion. And their continued fucceflion in one line.without alienation.is imputed to this.

•Some Emperours for a time had left it,till Abraham being Emperour had , or pretcn-

ded to haue a reuelation,to renue that cuftome.if he would continue the Scepter in the

Xmzz^zoi Daiiid. ThePrinces which Hue there,arefi5x,eight,twelue,andfometimes

more./4».n5o8.they were fix; euery ofwhich lines by himfelfc.and that in great cftate

and majeftic in royall palaces.with fpacious halls richly hanged , remoouing to an o-

ther palace at pleafure : they meet all together when they will pl3y,hunt,walke,and on

holy-daycs to diuine fcruice : they take place according to their age; each hath his ten

fcruants for ordinaric attendance which are the fonnes, or defcended of the Tributary

Kings:forbaferoffices,thegreatMafter or militarie Abbot cpploycth the Souldiers

thaf



6So 0/the EleBion of the Emperors jO'C. Chap,($.




that ouard at the footc ofthc Hill.which without licenfc may not afcend. They hauc
other grauc pcrfons to inftruCl them in vertue and learning. Euery Citie,that is,eucry
habitation of a thoufand houfes, is at their ownc charge to fend thither three men a
Gentleman,a Citizen.and a Plcbeian.for the guard of the hill.which make vp the num-
ber offeuen thoufand fiue hundred,there being two thoufand and hue hundred Cities
in the Empire. The military Abbats order them in their feuerall wards,the bafer at the
foot of the hill, the Citizens at the middlc/and the Gentlemen at the top ; their Cap-
taines changed at euery two monethsend.Befides the fouldiers Tcnts.are many other
of Merchants and Officers. No woman may afcend, nor hath done fince Queen Can.
dact was here baptized by her Eunuch : the Princes liuc fingle, and marrie not, as Al.
nares hath vntrucly affirmed of them.



Chap. VI.

of the ele£fion of the Emperours : of their Schooles^muerfities^
androydlCJties.

: Hen the Emperor is dead,many folemne ceremonies are obferued.both
[ religious and ciuill about the eleflion ofanother,which is in the autho-
'ritieof the two militarie Abbots of S'.^«;jE)flw/>j order in the mount.
Oathcs are taken both of the Electors and eledled, the firft to vfe fincc-
ritie.thc ether to reigne iuftiy, obfe ruing , and cauling in his Empire to
be obferucdjthelawcs of GodjChriftian Religion, thefoure firft Councels.ofNicc,
, EphcfuSjChalcedon, andConftantinople:and(if thc^Frierreachnot, for in their
ret.hifi,£jhhp, holyFatherJcafelrelienotmuchon their hohnefle) to acknowledge the Florentine
' CouilcelI,and the Popes fupremacie,andlaftly,thcConftitutions of /o^« the Saint.and
PA/7»/> the fcuenth,auncicnt Emperours : which done, in folemne Proccffion of all c-
flates they goe to the Church.and hauing fet the Empcrour in his Throne, the Princes
ofthebloud are brought out of the Pallace, where in the time of the eledlionthey
had beene endofed, to kifle his hand , and fweare fidclitie, clothed in the habite of the
Knights of S^.ty^ HI houy : the fame oath is giucn alfo by the Kings, his vaflals (foure of
which arc prefent at the eleftion) the CounfeIlers,Prclates, and others, according to
theirplace. After this,fites are tnade on the Towers oftheMount, to giuc notice of
this elc(flion,which being feeneby the neerer Cities, they alfo by the like fires (asit
were) proclaime the fame in a moment through all the Empire : which is confirmed by
Pofts lent thence on Dromedaries,by the Abbot of the Abbey ofthc Ho!y-Ghofl,onc
of the Ele£lors,and the Councell vnto the Citic of Saba , and the mother of the New*
Eleft.iffhe be Iiuing.and to his neere kindred, to come and reioyce with him. The
next day the Emperourgoethinblacke habite to the Palace where the Princes are,



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 133 of 181)