Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 134 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 134 of 181)
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and faluteth them with kindc embracements,onc by one.with his bonnet in his hand:
which is done in the next place by the Prelats,whom in honour of their Ecclcfiafticall
dignities the Prmcesre-faiuteflanding, with their heads vncouered. Thetributarie
Kings follow,not with embracements.but kiffing their hands, rendring their falutati-
ons,3nd after them the Embafladors. ThcEmperour, hauing remained fometimein
priuat talke with them, goeth to the Abbey of the Holy-Ghoft, and putting off his
blacke clothed in Scarlet ; and being on horfe-back, attended with hisfami-
he,the Abbots and Counfellers,paffeth to the Abbot of the Holy-Crofle, where the
two Abbots ofthat Abbey meet him; and after oath giuen to preferue the auncient
cuftome$,prefent him with ihekeyes ofthc treafune and Librarie : the Empcrour bc-
ftowin'gasmuchofthefaidTreafure as he pleafeth. After all other ceremonies, the
Counfellers of the Court come to the hill with twelue thoufand Knights, of S\ Antho-
»/w Order (which are the Emperours guard) and the eldeft con-
uey him folemnly to Zambra the Citie, where Court and Councell rcfide, where with
all folemnitie and magnificence he is likcwife receiucd , & condudled into the Palace,
and placed on his Throne of tweluc ftcps,with acclamations of long life and happine$


Chap. 6. AFRICA. Thefeuenth^ooh. 63 1

onallhands. Fiuc dayesFcftiuall being here pafled in all publike rcioycings,hcgoeth
to Sabi to take the oathes of all his riibie6t Kings in perfon ( whereof onely foure had
bcene prcfent at the Eledlion) and one holding the Crowne.another the Scutchion of
the Arms of that tributaric King, he fweareth oa the Sceptcr(which is a golden crofle)
true fidelitie and obedience,and the Emperor puts on the Crowne againe on his head;
and the faid Scutchion,with his Armes,hc giueth into his hand, and hccnccth him to
departto his Pauiilion without the Citie. ThefcKmgsarc truely Kings,and fucccede
in the inheritance of their fathcrs,receiuing the tribute of the fubicds of their feiieiall
Kinpdomcs.andarcnotDcputics.orVice-royes, atthcmeerc pleafurcof the Empe-
rour':butifonebevpon iultcaufedifplaced.his fonne fucceedeth : and therefore the
Pretf is called King of Kings. The eldcft fonnc of cuery ofthcfe Kings attend alway es
fen the Empcror.and haue attending on them ten fcruants of the fonnes of the Nobles

of their Kingdomes. -r r . ^

The Emperor is bound by ancient cuftome to take a witc ot thepotteritie ofthofc
three /!//«?« which adored Chrift in his infancie.whom the «x£thiopian and Romanc
Tradition callcth Kings by the names of Cajpar,Meichtor,Ba/tl}aJar ; of which, the E-
th'iop'iins (iy,th7it A^e/ehwr wasof A\ahiZ:ir\d Balthafar o(PerC\t , which being for-

VPetfecutionoP^ ArianSjCame into Ethiopia,in the time of /o/;« the Saint.which b When were

" - . - heAriansof

jch power iti

... r, ■ rr J u u T I I -I ^ efpcciallym

arc borne with a ftarre on one oftheir fides ; and that at the lubilee,in the t^mc ot Gre- Perua ?
ffcrte the thirteenth, 1 57 j .there were three of thofe three families at Rome , with that
Haturall cnfigne of the fupcrnaturall and miraculous ftarre. Yea,thc legitimate Mahu-
inetanes in Arabia and Perfia , remayning of thofe kindreds, haue the fame figne, as
Do» John fvvarc tohim,that he had feene. The Councell gouerncth according to the
hundred twenticfeuenftatutes, made by thefirftPA«/f/)/,and/oA« the Saint. Nothing
is punifhed with death but treafon, vnder which name they alfo comprehend murther
and adulteric : of this mortall fentcnce the Lions are the cxcutioncrs, which in eucric
Citie are kept for that purpofe. Some Italians had beene found guiltie of thefinnea-
gainftNatureja thingforwhichthcEthiopians (as fomeofthe'Auncients forParri- c cic.Orai:prS
tide) had no not thinking any would fo farre degenerate; and therefore knew s.Ki)fcio.
not how to punifh them : but ic was committed to the Latin Councell, which adiudg-
cd them to be burned; apunifhment notknownebeforein thofe parts, yet fitting to
thofe vnnaturall burnings. The fault and punilhment being ofequall ftrangenefle.the
jEmperourwouldnothaueJt executed there, but fcnt them to Goa to the Portugall
Viceroy for that purpofe. Hercfic and Apoftafie are hKewifcpunifiied with death.
That Latine Councell was fnftituted by Alexander the third,for caufes and pcrfons of
Europe to be tryed.and iudgcd by ludges oftheir owne.refident at the Court ( as the
Grand Councell is) and chofen ofeach Nation tvvo,of the Venetians,Florentines,and
Portugalls : the two former Come thither by the way of Cayro. Andrem Ouicde 2\e-
fuitc.fent thither by the Pope with the title of Bifhop of Hicrapolis , was Author and
Counfeller to the Emperor of this InftitOtion,and by him made Prefident of the fame.
Thism^n (d'S*ffrtf,Af.(jfrf*^j,3nd others fay) had miferable entertainment, with the d GBot.part.^.
rcfidueofhisSocietie: but Frier Lft/J (from the relation of Don /»/?») tells.That he li- l.i-MufHifi.
ucd and died in great honour amon'gfl:them,as he doth elfewheremagnifie exceeding- ^"^^•''f'-
ly their refpcd to the Roman Papacie and Religion (^redat ludaw Jpelit.Cui bono ' is ^ '"ckmMh
the rule ofmy Faith to Friers and Icfuitesrn their Relations : in Natura'l and Morall /„;e.
Hiftori*$,which fcruenotto the building of Babylons Tower, I receitie them with at-
tention.with thankcs , and if neede be, with admiration in fome thmgs : but when
ihey comcr»ith Slifft«i»JieadofLMortar, and would get Rome a T^ame ,\ remcmter
their Vowcs and Profcfiion, andyeelde no further attendance. That C/«?«af/>« which
was then Emperour.and his fucccllor i>yida»iM,\Ncre of Schifmaticall and Tyrannical!
qualities,asotherHiBoriansaflfirme,FricrZ'»»7/not onely denies, butextolkth their
good partes.

Ke which now is Emperor, was cleded A»», 1 606. and called himfelfe Zarafchan-


Of the EleElion of the Emperorship



reat^ajproftt or budde of the liudge ef Datud^o.K\&croiS. Peter ^nAS.PAul. He is a man
haiightic and valorous,and was therefore cho[en,becaufe the Turkifh Empire was fo
full of feditions.and the Sophi had fcni his Embafladorto theni,to chufe a tic warrior
that they might with ioynt forces affault the Orf»»»<«».

There ate in all the Cities ofgyCthiopia two Schooles or Colledges, for the inflru-
<5tion ofyouth ; one for the male fcxe,thc other for the female ; each diuided into three
parts ; the firft for the Gentlcmens children, the fecond for Citizens, the thirdfor the
bafervulgar.with their fcueralllnnru6lers,and without comiiiunion,mcdling, orcon-
ucrfing of the one with the other. The Scminaric or Coliedge of boycs is a quarter of
a league without the Citic,the other within.There arc they taught Letters and Religi-
on. AlljCuen the Kings ihemfclues,are bound ro fend their children thither to bein-
ftrudled : and the Prictts refort thither for ConfeiTion.and miniftring the Sacrament to
them. They may refort home at fcftiuall times: othcrwifc they are there detayned.
The Virgins,from ten to twentie ; the other, froin ten to fixtecne ycares of their age.
They hauc not oncly this order in their well-ordered Schooles,but in their difordered
miforderlySteweSjtheDiuels work-houfes,andfuburbesofHell, which yet in Rome,
and places of that Religion.are permitted and admitted the Cities, and his Holinefl'c
r D<«f.ij.i8. fgife js not a little enriched with (that which God prohibited) *' thepriceefthe Do^ge,
and of the ivhore. The Ethiopians permit not any to htftrmgji M'owf»,butftrangers of
other Countries,which may not enter into their Cities : nor may the Nobles enter in-
to the common houfes which belong to the Citizcns.or thefe to thofe of thePlcbian',
nor any but to thofe peculiarly defigned their flate, vndcr paine of death,as adulterers,
to be caft to the Lions.Thcfe women are hired by certain Officers at a common price,
and are not to take any thing of particular men : they goe in palccoloured garments,
and if they diftafte and forfake that beaftly trade,they lend them to fom places fubicft
, vntothePortugalls, not admitting them to conuerle with their women forfcarcof


But to Icaue thefe Beafts, the t/£thiopians giue great rcfpcfl to their Phyficians,
•which are onely of their Gentric,and that not all that will, but onely fuch as ccrtainc
Officers fhallchufe,ofeueryCitie to be fent to their gcnerall Vniuerfitics (of which
there are fcuen in Ethiopia) there to be taught Naturall Philofophie (Logicke, and o-
ther Arts they know not) together with Phificke, and the Arts of the Apothecarie and
Chirurgian. They arc there maintained at the publique charge of the Cities that fend
them. When the Do>5lors and Inflrufters fee them fit robe Graduats, they goe with
them to the Monkes of ^M«7rf, and o^ Plunmanos, who with a Monkes Cov\lc,or
Hood,and other Doftorall Enfignes.doeinuefl and inaugurate them in that Degree,
g Making of They are great Herbarifts. They mzkc t (Jliummia othcrwife then in other partes,
Mummie. where it is cy ther made of bodies buried in the Sands,or taken out of auncienc Sepul-

chres.whcre they had beene laidcjbeing embalmed with Spices. For they take acap-
tiue Moore,of the bcft complexion, and after long dieting and medicining of him, cut
off his head inhisflccpe,and gafliing his bodiefull of wounds, put therein allthcbeft
Spices.andthen wrap him vp in Hay jbcing before co'jcred with a Scare- cloth ; after
which,they burie him in a moyft place, couering the bodie with earth. Fiuc duyes be-
ing paffed,they take him vpagaine.and rcmouing the Searc-cloth and Hay, hang him
' vp in the Sunne.whcrby the bodie refolucth and droppeth a fubftance like pure Balmc,

which liquor is of great price. The fragrant fent is fuch, while it hangcth in the Sunne,
that it may be fmelt (he faith) a league off. Thepriuiledges of Phificians are, that they
arc freed from the common cuftome of giuing one in three of their fons for the Empe-
rors warSjthat they may ride on Elephants in the Cities.which is allowed only to the
Emperors,Prelats,and Prieftsihat are Virgins. They may alfo wcarc Miniuer-hoods,
and are free from Subfidies and Payments. Theologie and the Chaldee tong is taughc
oncly among their Priefts and Ecclefiafticallperfons in their Churches and Monalk-
rie?. They read Diuinitie in their natiuc tongue: the Text is the fourc firft generall
h Of this Councels : the Scripture they reade in Chaldee, ^ which is with them as Latine with
Chaldee fee vs.They handle not queltions as the Schoolcmen, in Logicall Deputations and Argu-
fit^.c.i. ingSjbut copioufly and eloquently intcrpretc the Scriptures,


C K A P,7- AFRICA. Thefeumth 'Book.e. 6^;^

Bccaufe we haue mentioned their Cities Saba and Zambra, let vs take fome briefc
Yicw of them,and fo leaue this Spaniard, whofe Difcourfe hath ( I hope, not withouc
fomedelight and profit) thus long holdenyou. Bcfidcs thefe two Cities, none haue
abouc three thouiandhoufcs in them. But thefe are populous and magnificent, with
Towcrs,Temples,ti;iumphant Arches,Obeliskes,Pyramides, and the like tokens of in-
duftric,antiquitie,and maieftie. Saba was founded by that Qu^eenc which vifitcd Sa^
/«wo«,3nd was the mother-Citic ofthe Empire.It hath fiue thoufand houfes^great and
futnptuousjthe ftrects fpacious,with PortallsorPenthoufes.that men may walkcfafc
fromtheSuns violence. Ithathfourcchicfegates,allof Alabafterand Iafpar,wroueht
with Antiquc-workes; the gate-doorcs of Cedar curioufly carued. The wayes that
Icade to thefe Gates, for the fpacc oftwo leagues, are fct with Palmes, Planes Oran«
ges,Cedars,Cyprefl"cs,and other trees on both fideSjforfhade and fruit: the foure high
ftreets goe through the Citie acrofl'e,and where they meetjis an Arch or Vault erefled
on high Pillars, faircly wrought and gilded.with the brazen Image oiS.Mathevi>,i\\e\t
fuppofed Patron,as bigge as a Giant.gilded alfo ; the work of Architects fentby Fran'
en Duke of Florence. Neere to this Citic are Mines of Gold,Gardens,and other pla-
ces of pleafure and profit.

Zambra is grcatcr^contayning thirtie thoufand houfes, and innumerable concourfc
of people. It ftands in the Kingdome of Cafates,and nigh that great Lake.which here-
of is called Zambra : where the Emperor, leauing his wonted manner ofremouin" vp
anddowneinTentSjhath fixed his Coutroyall: and yet without the Citie are many
Tents that belong to the Court. Here the Trfffliueth, with twoandfortiefonnesof
Kings,and with his great Counceli.and the Latine. Alexander the third built the Pa-
lacehere lyyo.with the Duke of Florence his workemcn.

Touching Saba before mentioned, for the prcfent State we will not contend with
thcFricr.but hold it nothing fo auncient. Nay, as we haue elfewhere " fhewed, we ra- n Su^-lycx.
thcr belecue that this Qieene (the fuppofed founder) was of the Sabxans in Arabia
whofe neighbours the Abafenes were^and both, as it is very probable, her fubicfts.
Thefe after many ages (it is the coniefture of great ° Cierkes) pafled into thefe partes o lof.Scal E.T.
of Africa,and feated themfelues here by conqueft, retayning their o!dc language in pfgSiS.ed.vtt.
their Liturgie to this day. This Liturgie (or Canon of their Mafle, which with other ^''^^'"oodai.
their formes and rites ofBaptifme,Confirmation,Purification, &c. is extant in Bihlio- ^""^"'"^ of
theeavPatrHnu) doth call their Church,the Church ofSceua.orShcba : and Stephanas » \'g . ^^ ,. g
placcth the Sabzans and Abafenes together,as before in the firft Chapter of this book Vaul. ipnmif.
is (lie wed. tih-tm ^ Bene-

Traditisn might well continue the memorie of this Queene amongft them, ^'^'H^f'''^-
indSHperfiitton mightcafily adde ( wherediuine andhumanclcarning wanted) abunl rmT'ti^m
dance oferrours : which is not the Ethiopian cafe alone, butalmoftallEcclefiafticall »j»f eaU%m
Hiftories written ofthings done long before, and deliuered onely hyTradic$on, rolled S.N.deSecMj
like a Snow-ball by fuperftition of fucceeding times, haue yeelded fuch Leoendaric '^'^
lumpes, that need: much licking before any forme of Truth can appcare. As there-
fore I reied not the exCthiopianHiftorie wholly, nor denie it a mecre changeling in
this challenge ofthe 5«^^«« inheritance : fo yet, I hoide itneedcs iudiciousexamuu-
tion and ccnfurc ; themoft whereof hath beene obtruded on that fiinple credulous
Nation in later our Menkes dealt in thefe parts many ages. Pielemty calls the Vt<>l,U.c%.\n
chiefe Citie oft/£thiopiaAiixume, which 5/<';)yE;^«;« calls ^xy'TnJ, ey4riMm<{K%o- 65.5oz5^ii-o-
niitc,/'>or»;««*r Auzomide,allofthemgiue it the ;i/<r/r9/Jo/»f^« honour: ins fuppofed 1 ^"■'>;«''2''«
to bee the fame which now is called' Charumo , yi\mtoi Barbofa, Corfali,2ndyll. fXHoldebeilt
nares haue written : in witncfle whereof are many auncient buildings there yet remay- Verf.l i
ning, and Pillars (fomewhat refembhng the Egyptian Obeliskcs) admirable for f l^iiiiamuf.
their height t and workemanlliippe , fome abouc ihreefcore yardcs hi^h full of r i^u ^i
^"'"^- c^&tqM'

Thefe Letters (ofwhich are many therefceneinmany ruines)notoncofallthe A- 'her huge fa-
baffens can vnderftand,which argueth a greater antiquitie then the Abaflens.and that *" ''''^ ^'^""^
thefe are more lately planted or ingraffed into the t^thiopian flocke or ftem.Yea for ""ou'^nd""''*

Nnn theic ^'''"" '

684 of other Comitries betweene the ^dde Sea,z^c. C H a P.7.

their Chriftianitic a!fo,howfoeucr theEunuch of Candacc was conucrtcd, and the A-
poftolicall labours in Ecclefialticall Hiftorics mentioned, might fort to good cffeft in
this ex£thiopianHaruclhyct it feemcth the conuerfion of this Nation was not gcnc-
rall till the dayes oi luSlwtaM. For fo Nicef herns Callififis wtitcth, that Dauid the
King oftheAxumite Indians (why hce calls them Indians you haue heard) warring
vpon the Homcriteswhichprofeffed the lewifh Religion, vowed to the God of the
Chriftianstobccomeoneofhisfollowers,if he obtained the viftorie; which accor-
dingly he did. For taking P<»«w«.f the Homerite King aliue, hee fcnt to lufiintAmo
further him in the performance of his vow, who fcnt thither a holy Bifhoppc, which
baptifcd the whole Nation. It might be that the t^thiopians had before receiucd
the Gofpell,afier which time the Abaflens out of Arabia might conquer them, andrc-
layning their heathenifh fuperflitions, vpon occafion of this warrc might be conucr-
tcd: as we read of ' ClodoueHSi\\t?n^ Chriftned KingofFrance.and of thcFrench.not-
withftandingtheGallihadlongbcforereceiucd Chriftianitie : which might alio be
paralleld in the Britans and Saxons inhabitants of this land. Howfoeucr; it is likely
that euerfincCjthisNationhath continued Chriflian. Of//<r//<ri?^<«/,youhauefeene
T before Procofms his tcftimonie. As for their ownc reports of themfclues Zaga Zabo
tells one tale, y4/«4>-«/ another Frier Lays a third : that we neede none other tcHimonie
againftthem. Their exceeding ftore of ecale,anddefeft of learning.with the j^oci^w-
tents oipUfraudts, (to whet dcuotion by any mcancs) and that felfc-loue,which each
1. credimwi ? an both perfon and nation beares * to it ftlfc : haue made, no doubt, readie inuenters and
qui amat ipfi libi receiuersoffables,afcribingtothemfclues the ftorics of both theQucenes,mentioncd
fimia fngimt ? ;„ (^c Olde and New Teftamcnt.the Sabxan and tx£thiopian antiquities, and a world
ofotherfar.cies,whichncuerin the world were done : whereto the names of later
Work?sCitics,Tcmples,Ordcrs,and other cccurrents haue beene applied. But it is
time for cur Pilgrnn to paffe furthcr,wherc yet, h* is like to fpced worfe, and to finde
little tiuth of Ciuilitie or Religion,

X PauiMmil

J Su^.caf,:


a GBaf.Bew.

before Lie.

"h Pttli^.cj.

Chap. VIL

of other Countries betweene the Redde Sea and Benomotapa.

Ethiopia £.v/fr/ffr or 7«/<rr«'»r,is that Southerly Tra£l of Africa, which
to/'r»/f»;(r;'andthcAuncients wasvnknownc. It comprehendeth all
that great wedge ofLand(fuch is the forme) which beginning in the
Weft, at the Countries aboue Zaire, f^retchethtof:ue and thirtie de-
grees of Southerly latitude, and from thence. Northwards , to the en-
trance or mouth of the Arabian Gulfc ; all this way befiegcd and en-
uironed with the > Ocean, LMaginns diuideth it into fiue partes, Aian, Zanguebar,
Benomoptap3,Cafrari3, and Congo: but Congo is here taken in a very large fenfc.
Aian, aftcrthe Arabians account, contayncth all that Region which lyeth betweene
the mouth of the Redde Sea.andQuilimanci; being, for the moft part, ontheSea-
Coaft inhabited by the faid Arabians : but in the in-land parts thereof are people with
a biacke Heathenifh Mation. It comprehendeth two Kingdomcs, Adcl, and Adea;
the former ofwhichextcndeth from that mouth of the Sea before mentioned, to the
Cape ''/'ro/f/»9' called Aromata. South and Weft it bordereth vpon the
dominions of T'rfW /<!»«», about the Kingdomeof Fatigar. The chiefeCitieis Arar.
Zeila alfo and Barborapertaine to this Kingdome, Cities without theStrcit,on the
Sea,much frequented with Merchants. Zeilaisfituateineleuen degrees, where F^s*
/fWfj'placcththeAualitcs. It is ftorcd with varietie of Merchandilc, and yeeldeth
foniercprefentationof Antiquitieinthcbuildings thereof, confifting of Lime and
Stone. The King is a Moore, and efleemed a Saint among the fupcrftitious Mabu-
metansjfor his continual! Warres with the Chriftian Abaflincs, vj^hcncc he tranfpor-


Ch a p.y. AFRICA. Thefeuenth <^ooke. 6S5

tetb innumerable flaues to the Arabians and Turkcs , recciuing in exchange Armout

and other hclpes forhis Warrcs. yinno 1/41. C7»<j<^rf^W(rt/7 the King haiiing before

done much harmc, by the hclpe of feme Portugails , which Claudiui the Abafline had

in his warres.was (lainc,and his Armic oucrtbrown : but his fucceflor, Ann, i j jp.flew

ClandiM in battailc,and got (as lohn de C^firo aflfirmeth) the grcatcft treafurc of the

vvorld : the Moore acknowled ging diuine afiiftancc in this victorie, triumphed on an

Aflc. Zeila was burnt and facked by the Portugals, -^»«. 15 16, zi Andrea ^^ (^orfali, c Andrea CorPt-'

whowasthenprefcniin the Ac>ion,teftifi,eth. n

Adeais fituatebetwceneAdel,Abafria,andtheSea, The inhabitants arc Moores,
defcendcd of the Arabians,who many hundred yeares agoe, partly by tlicir rich Traf-
fique,andefpecially byforceof Armes.becamc Lords, not onclyof Aian , but of all
the Sea-Coali,to Capedos Cerrte>itef,vih\ch is fomcwhat to the South of the Souther-
ly Tropicke. In ail which f(^ace,before the Portug ill Difcoueries, that part of the Ci-
ties which lay open to the Sea, was open and vntortified, but toward the Land were
walled.forfeare of the in-Iand people. Adeapayeth tribute to the AbafTian. In this
KingdomeisMagada/.zo.being itfclfea petite Kingdomc of the Moores, which are
ofanOliuecplour. "^ Braua was a free towne, which, with Pate and Gogia, wcrcta- . * ■^o'""""^
ken by thePortug3ls,vnderT'r7i?^«^e'^«^»'«. All the countries adioyningto/'rr/7fr
leha as Dtfitdthe Emperour in his letter to K Emantiel relateth.are ey ther Moores or
Gentiles, of which fome worfhijpe Wood and Fire, fome the Sunnc, others
Serpents, &c.

Zanzibar, or Zanguebar, is a name by the Arabians and Perfiansgiuentothat
Tra£t,cxtendingfrom the RiuerQualimanci, which PtoUmej calls Rapt tt^, to the bor-
ders of Benomotapa. Soniein a larger extentjincludc Bcnomotapaand Cafraria. Sa-
nntHs ?ffirmeth,That it is a low,fennie,and woodic countrie, with many riuers, which
by extremitieofmoyfturccaufe the ayrc to be intemperate. From the Waftcvp wards
they goe naked. Herein are contained the Territories of, Mombaxa.Quiloa, e lo.diBano!
Mofambique,and others. Melinde « is the name of a Kingdome, and of the chicfe Ci- Vec.\J.a,.c.6..
tie therci'f:the Inhabitants, efpeciallyneeretotheSea; are Moores, and build their faith,AcMe-
houfes after the manner of Europe. The women ate white,and the men of colour in- ''""fi g«ot»j<i
dining to white, notwithftanding the fnuation vnder the Line. Theyhaueb'acke en"i"aine-" ^
people alfojwhich are Heathens for the mort part. Of like condition isf Mombaza, ment,andPi-
(which is faid to haucfomereferarblance with Rhodes) but cnemie to the Chriftians, lots to conuey
and wasruinatedby T/^o;***^ Cffr/^«», intheyeare 1589. for receiuing e^/^^frc/bthc himcolndia,
Turke; as ey€mp4z,a in the fame Alphonfo C^iello in the yeare before. They ''^^^} ^^^
which hauc defire to acquaint themfelues with what Antiquitie hath deliuered of thelc f^j ^y the "
parts,mayrefort to-^rr//i»«jhis Pertplns of the Erythrian Sea, and the labours of Portugals.
'StHckjHiznd Orf<//«j. For vs, to name you the towns ofancienttradmg (as Aualites, M-nrmoi.l. lo.f.
Malao,Mundi,Mofyllum,Apocopon OpcneRhapta) which he reckons on thcAfri- '-z^ M-defcri.
can fliore.with other Riuers and Promontories, would not much further vs in this our ^" ^ ^ ^*"
Pilgrimage-Mart of Religions. tries iaigdy.

Quiloaftands nine degrees to the South ofthe Line: the name of a Citic and Hand, i r*fiia Oem-
■wbich is aKingdome ofthe Moores.and extendeth her Dominion farrein thes Coaft. "i" ' Joo.fub-
It was built (as jT/^r»»ff/;«/affirmeth) about the fourehundrcth yeare of the Hirara <1"«''' Momba-
(fo he nameth it) by one ^/»,fonne q{ Suit an Hofcen, v\ ho not agreeing vvth his other ^a'fi"^ yeares"
brethrcn,by rcalbn their mothers were Perfian, and his an Abillme, Ibughtnewad- af:cr,3nd,aftct
uenturcs in thcfeparts.and bought this Ifland: theHKloricofwhom, and of his fire- l^onnms^Scn-
ccflbrs you may finde in that •'Author, n^-0{or,dtreb.

The King grew mightic by the trade of Sofala ; but it was made tributaric to Por- '^i'"f\-
tagzWhy Fafeus Camma, Anna 1500. Intheyeare 1505. the Portugails for dcniall of ^rlomiut
that tribute,dcpriued^^M^<??w,thc Arabian King,ofhisScepter,and built a Fort there; thereof,
which the Moores foone after deftroyed, together with the new King, made by the g M;f.lii[l.
Portugals. The people are whitifh, their women comely, rich in attire: their houfes i"dic.i.i.
faire buiit.and richly farnidied. ^rthKshtfl.lnd.

BetvveencCoauaandCuama, two Pviuerswhich fpringoutof the fame take with '"'^^armtUa.
Njlus,arcthe Kingdomcsof Motnbara, Mozimba.Macuas, Embeoe, and againft c.i^.&^c-

Nnn 2 theiii


68 (5 Of other Countries betmene the ^dde Sea^ajrc. C h a p.y.

h s /■ rh thcinthePromontoriefr<ij^?«-.,HereisMofambiquc'',bywhichn3meisfignifiedt
1 1 " «W»^ Kingdomc in the Continent, and an Hand alfo, with a fafe Harbour , which with two

Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 134 of 181)