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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 135 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 135 of 181)
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viludanu* ibid, other Hands are in the mouth oftheRiuerMoghincats.infiftcene degree;. South.Mo-
fambique is inhabited by Portugalsjwhichhaue there a ftrongCafllc: here the Por-
tugalls fhips winter. In this Hand are flieepe, with tayles of fine and twcntie pound
weight (a beaft common in Africa :)hennesb!acke both in feathers, flcfti, and bone
and foddenjlooke like Inke.yet fweeter then other in tafte : Porke very good , but for
the deerc fawce. There arc fome Mahumetaiis,as they were all, before the Portugalls
arriuall there. They haue trade in the Continent, in Sena^Macurua, Sofala, Cuama, a
people for the moft part differing in fpcech and behauiour, each Village fighting with
her neighbour,captiuing them : and (bmc ( as at Macurua ) eate them. Their chieftft
liuingisby Hunting.andbyflefhofElephants. Ineuery village is a new King. The
CaptaincofMofambique,inhis three yeares gouernemcnt, maketh three hundred
thoufand duckats gaine,cfpecial!y by Gold, from Sofala.

Vp further within Land the people goc almoftnaked,and were fo fimple when firft
1 mitiHi 7 ^^^ Portugalls traded thither ',that l,udonteo Barthema^ot Vertomanniu, for hii fliirt ;
and another for a Rafor, and a little Bell, bought fifteene Cowcs of them; andthei)
were readie to fall together by the earcs among themfelues for the Bell , who fhould
haue it. But they could not cnioy their purchafe,bcing driuen to their hteles by three
female ElephantSjwhichhauing young ones, were vciy fierce, and made themleaue
their Kine to faue themfelues. In thcfe Seas the Moores faile in veflels fowed with
Leather.the fayles of Palme, tree leaues,calkcd with Gumme,gathered ofFthe trees in
the woods.

Sofala heth betweene Cuama and Magnicc,two Riuers. Heere the Portugals haue

on a little Ifland (whence the whole Kingdome hath his name) a Fort and Fadorie of

very rich Trade, the people bringing great quantitie of Golde (whereof they haue

plentifull Mines) for their Cloth and other commodities : it is fuppofed that it amoun-

kOrteirhtfeuK teth to two millions yearely. Orteltus^is ofopinion, That this Cej hala.or Sophala.is

1 i.Keg.9.ii. thatwhio{iin»$'<«/a»zcw time' was called 0/)/)/r, from whence fo great quantitie cf

z.chron,9.zi. Goldc was brought by his Nauie. /o/<';>W'" feekcsforitin India: Supelemw^ in the

^^"ftf^-^^H- ReddcSea.imaginingitiobean Ifland there placed: Dim." Niger, InmeUHs , and

^■*9l9xA ^>*'>*'*^' in e^wrr4C/&tf>-/(»«iry«j,vNhere Malacca Handeth (although we reade not of a-

o Ni^erGeog. nie great quantitie of Golde found in that foile.) P Gafpur VareriMiscfihc fame

Trti>ttl.& lun. miude, but reckoneth to the Cherfonefushot\\ Pegu and Samotra , with all that lieth

Annot. betweene them, fatablus q with leflc rcafon, applicth it toSpagniola, d.fcoucrcd by

P q'l'"^^ **' ColH»bHS,ix\A by Columbus himfelfe lo called, <i4riM ^ Mmtttnus , T'hilip Mornay,

a Vat.in i.Re.9 PfHelluj,Cjor0pins,\voul(i by their authoritie much moue vs to thinke with them.that

F Hurt. dec. I. Ophir is Peru.if the ignorance of the Load-ftone, and thofe huge Seas , efteemed by

'.} . Antiquitie vnnauigable, did not detain vs from confent : and where flioul J Peru yecld

r Ar.Mont. j^j,^ luoric, where neuer was yet fcene an Elephant ? DoHor Dee thai famous Mathc-

•Pt'^eUiJ'^"' * "^^ticianhath written a very large Difcourfe of that argument, which I haue feeuc

GMop.Hiffania' viithM^Rer Hakiuyt, muchilluflrating whatthe Auncients haue written of thofe Seas

and coafts,and concludeth that Hauilais the Kingdome of Aua (fubicd to Pegu) and

Ophitis Chryfe,or Aurea before mentioned, firftpoffeflcd by Ophtr, mentioned Gen.

ic.that golden name eating vp the former oiOphtr.

f lof.Aeefta, ItfefhHs^ AceHa taketh Ophir and Tharfis to fignifie no certaine places , but com-

/.I.M4- monlytobe taken in a generallfcnfe,as the word India is now with vs; a namegiuen

to all remote Countries,Eaft and Weft. He thinketh,that Salomons Golde,Iuorie,&c.

camefrora the Eaft Indies.

But fome reafons doe yeelde great caufe of coniefture for Sofala, both becaufeof
the plentie of the commodities which Salomem feruants are faid to bring with them,
t lo-ctiBanos and becaufe ofauncient buildings of ftone- worke, which the "^ Inhabitants call, the
Decil-io.c.i. works of DiHels jfuppofingitimpoflibleformen (gucflingofothers by their owne ig-
norance) to haue built: Which alfo haue ftrangc Letters, that the Moores (though
learned) could not rcade : (and why might they not be the old Hebrew Letters, which
the Phoenicians of oldc^and Samaritans to this day obferuc,as elfevvhere we haue ftie-

wed ?)



C H A F.-^r . AFRICA. Tk fixt 'Booke, d^7



wed. And further, T'AoOT.w "Ltfptfz-telletli, that ccrcaincMoorcs related Vnto them of
the riches of thofc Mines ; that Ships from Mecca and Zidcmvfed to trade there; and j, r/f '^*"f "f '
that yeately there were taken forth of the Mines two miHions of Mittigals, euery Mit- aa.RsmuCiam.
tigall being a Duckatof Gold, and a third part: That the Warres in thofe Countries
at that time had cea(ed the Traffique : and thatthcy had Bookcs and Ancient wri-
tings, which teftified,Thatthefe were the Mines YihtDcz Salomon in his three Voyages
fetched hii Gold, and that the Queene of Saba was naturall of the parts of India, As bCapfy.p
for India yee haiie''cuen now read, that it was a name giuen to many Nations, and a^
mongtherefttot/£thiopia. Andifamanconfidcr the fmall skill which that Age of
the World had in marine affaires ,ftill as much as might be holding their courfe within
fight ofLandjhccan fcarce thinke, that long Nauigations could then bee performed.
'Baniiii accounteth all Sofala to the Empire of Benomotapa,of which we Hiall fpeakc
anonne ; wee haue now mentioned the fame, by reafon of the Ifle which i$ fubiedl to
the Portugals.Thefe.befides Golde,hcrc haue great Trade for luorie of whichjS^mw
fayth, thatinBenomotapaareyearely flainc foure orfiuethoufands, and of Water-
horres(whore teeth are accounted luorie aIfo)althegrcatRiuers'ni Africa are ful.Thcfc
feed fometimes on the Medowes, where theMarinets haue chafed them, as Xo^fSiCje. cTfe.towr.
portcth : and after long chafing by Land.they haue taken the water;wherc,in reuenge,
they haue sflaulted the Mariners in their Boats, and bitten chips off the fame , being,
by the thickneffe of their Hides armed againft their Pilces, and haue made them afraid,
that they would ouer-whelme the Boat.

Within the Land , bchinde thefe partes, is the Kingdome of Monocmugi, which it
rich in Golde : their vnfortunate Warres with Afenomotapabzue made them knownc,
Nilus is their VVefterne border, and Abaffia on the North. They haue little reddc
Ballesmadeof akinde of Clay in Cambaya, and refcmbling Glaflc, which they
wearc for ornament, and vfe foi monic. This King warreth with the Bcnomota-
pa, and hath terrible Souldiours , called ^/^cg-w/, or^_g<«^, or e^^c^, whoin-
babitebetweenethe Lakes whence Nilus and Zaire take their beginnings; which
liue a wandering life, like the Nomades in Cottages , which they make in the Ficldsi
They are of ftature tall, and of countenance terrible, making lines vpon their cheekes
with certaine Iron lufttuments, and turning their eye-liddcs backward, eating their
Enemies.

Thefe not long fince (as '^ fome fay) inuaded the Kingdome of Congo , and forced d Odit^s'^^
the King to keep in a fmall Ifle, where himfelfe was taken with a Dropfie, and his peo- '•^•* J
plefamifhed, as after fhall follow in due place. The Amazones of Monomotapa aree-
uery way equall vnto them in prowffe. Little is knowne of the Religion of thefe Hea-
thenifh Nations nor of other Kingdomes, whereof wee haue little but the names to rC"
late, Goroua,Colta, Anzuga.Moneulo.Baduis.

Now for thofe Mores which inhabited the Sea-Coafts , as wee haue fayd, they are g ;« rf» Bafrj-
flotalleCatholikeMahumetans, efpecially fuch of them as haue conuerfed , andta- Dec~iJMc.4'
ken their habitations further within Land. And the firft Moores or Arabians that came
to inhabite thofe Coafts, were banifhed perfons, called as in the Chronicles oi^httloa
is reported, £moz,aidm, of Zatde, the Nephew of Hoce>ru the fonnc of Halt , whole
D o(3rine they followed in fomeopinions, contrary to the Alcoran,and therefore cftec°
medHeretikes.

Long after them catne three fhips with great multitudes of Arabians.that fled front
the King of Laza their enemie, vnder the conduft of feuen brethren, which built Ma™
gadazzo, and after that, Braua; which in manner of a Common-wealth, was till the
Portugals time gouerned by iwclue Aldermen, or chiefeCouernours, that dcfcendcd
of the feuen brethren.

Thefe Moores and theformcr differingfrom each other in their fuperftitions, could
not agree, and therefore the Emoz^Mdin were forced vp higher into the Countric , and
there by mariagcs mixed themfelucs with the Cafers (fo the Arabians call all Heathen
people) and became Mungrcls in a galli-maufrey of deuotions, whom therefore the
Sea- coaft-MoorcSjCallcd by a general name, ^ Baduini : which in Arabia and Egypt.is iMtri'.

Ntirt 3 the '



(58 g Of the Countries hetweene the ^d-Sea, ere C H a P.y.

» , —^—

the title of the people that Hue in the Champaine.and Inland Countries: and thofe that
iiuc neerc the Sea- coaft are called Arabians,
ain a great They make no diffcrece of meats.'Z)«« John of Crf/?rfl|=[writeh that Tadet/ fignifieth

writers Booke ^ man that liueth only by cattelrandthat theTroglodites, and Nations from Melin-
giuenbyS.(f. jjejoJ Magadoxa toCapeGuardafu.and on both fides of the ftraits, andontheAra-
RaUtoM.Hali. j^jj^g §£, to Ormuz ( occupying rather then inhabiting the foile) are called Badoies.
They are (fayth hee) faiiage without truth or ciuilitie , they are Mahumetans , but ac-
countedbad Mores; Theeucs and Robbers,eatingrawflefh,drinkingMilke, thcirha-
bite filthic; very fwift,(iolding warre withall men; (as was prophecicd of Jfmaelthcit
progenitor) from Zc\h to Suacen with the Abexijs, from thence to Alcocer with the
Nobijs, from thence to Soez with the e^gyptians,from Soez toOrmus with the Ara-
bians, Tbey haue no King nor great Lord, but Hue in troupes and fa6lions;permit no
Towne in their fields, haue no cercaine habitation, but wander from place to place
with their CattcU. Their Xeque determineth futcs as hee lufteih. Their lodging is
in Caues and holes, of the moft in Tents , their colour very blackc , their Language
Arabike.

The Heathens inthofc partes are giuen to Auguries and Witcheries rand in their
higheft attempts and grcatcrt refolutions, yet will leaue off, if any of thefe phantafies
bode vnluckinefle. The fruits, birds^beafts, and fccdes, are in manner like to the peo-
ple, all wilde. The aire is vnholefomcBut what vnhealthfomcncfle can there be found,
where Gold is found ? which makes men commit theml'elucs (no maruell what they
commit with others) to the mcrt fcorching heats, to contagious aires, to tempcttuous
Seas, and the darkcfl prifons of the difembowcllcd Earth.

Modeftie had altnoft forbidden me to recite that, which may with fomceafilyob-
bL'mfihot \ .\x, jgjj^g jj Plaudtte , m the laft Aft and finifliing of this Chapter,concerning the CafFares.
/,/>;/f^e/(r« b (hall recite it for mee. They liue, fay th he, like beafts (he fpeaketh of thofe
which Hue neereMofambique, and thofe cfpccially more within the Land) they are
blacke as pitch, with flat nofes, thicke lippes, fome haue holes both aboue and
vndet in theirlippes,and,as it were, other mouthb in their cbcckcs, wherein they thruft
fmall bones to beautifiethcmfelues: for whirhcaufe they rai'e and fearc their bodyes
with Irons. If they wil make a diuell fh forme and pid^urc, {hey reprcfent a white man
in his apparell, as thinking nothing more vgly. Some alfo file their teeth as fharpe as
Needles. Theyhaue Villages wherein they dwell together, and ineuery Village a
Lord or King, to whom they are fubieft. Religion and Faith are vnknownetothem.
They vfe mutuall warres , and fome eat mans flcfh. When they take prifoners in warre,
or kill their cnmies , they obferue a more then bcafUytcflimony of their great valour,
which is after this manner.

They cut off iheir priuy members (to dcpriuethem of all hope of generation) and
then dfie them well for preferuation : after which they come before the Kmg with
great reuerencc,in the prefence of the principall men of the Villages , and there take
thefe members, fo dryed, one by one in their mouths , and fpit them on the ground at
the Kings feetjwhich the king with great thanks accepteth; and the more to honour
them, caufei h them all to be taken vp and giuen to them agoine, which is from thence-
forth an Enfigne of their Knight-hood. For they take all thofe members, and te them
on a firing like a bracelet or chaine; and at all folcmne meetings, as when they marric,
orgoetoa weddmg or feaft, the Bride , or wiuesof thefe Knights, doe weare that
chaine about their neckes, being, fayth our Authour, among them as great an honour
as the Golden FleecCjOrthc renowned Garter with vs,and their wiues as proud , as if
fome Crowne or Scepter had befallen them.



Chai



C H A P.8 . AFRICA. The fixt 'Booke.




Ch Ar. VITI.
of Benomotapiy and the parts adioyning.

Eiiomotapa,* called alfo Bcnomotaxa, and Monomotapa/js alarge ^^ \tar>rt>r«i
Empire, fo cntituled after the name of thcPrince thereof ( for Beno- cap.zi,
motapais withthem atitle,3s C^y^rorEmperour with vs the Portii-
gzh czllhim Ewperour of the CJ old.) extcndcth after /bme mens rec-
koning ajmoftathoufand leagues in compafle, bctweene the greac
Lake, whence Nilus fpringeth on the North- eaft. Mognice and Toroa
on the South, and the Sea-coaft of Sofala on the Eaft. It is bctweene the Sea and the
fre(h waters , accounted a huge Ifland. Bctweene Cuama and Corrientes it is plea-
fant and wholefome and fruitful! : and from the Cape Corrientes to Magnice , it
abounds with bcafls; but it is cold. Their principall Cities are Zimbas (happily the bptal.cemr.
fame which /'ro/owy-'^cals e/^^'y;»>^-«) and Benamataza; that one and twentie, this /4.f.9.
fifceencdayesiournie, from Sofala. Ofthe abundance of Elephants in Benomotapa <:'odi Barms,
isfaidbefore;whereof t/£thiopia is eucry where flored with manifolde herdcs : <; al- ^'^•'•''■lo-f-i.
though I dare not fubfcribe to their opinion,that efteemc Elephants as common there,
as heere wee haue Oxen. Ic is a Creature nine cubites high(in their largcft flaturehiid
fiue cubits thicke : with long and broad cares, little eyes, fliort tailes , and great bel-
lies. Oftheir difpofition is fpoken alreadie. VidM.irmoll

The Mines neereft to Sofala, are thofe of Manica, which are in wide Champaincs ciijcrfiq. ^
compared with mcuntaines.ninetiemylcs in circuit, Thcplaces where the Golde is,
appcareandareknownebythcdrynefleand barrcnnefle of the foile, asifNatureic
fclfe could not hord vp Gold in her fpacious cheft,but fliee mufts needs proue bare and
barren of her vnontedgood work's ; and how much leffe , vnnaturall and degenerate
Mankind?ThePfouince is called Matuca, the people Botonghi (which although they
arc bctweene the Line and the Tropike) yet in Winter haue fuch fnowes in the moun-
taincsjthat if any abide there, they die frozen in them; and in Sommcr- time the aire in
the tops ofthofchils is focleare and pure, that fome of our men , which were then
there, faw the New Moonc , the fame day that flicc had klflcd her bright and bounti-
tJfuU brother.

And who can nowcharge the bright eye of the World, with the obfcure darkncfle
ofthis Peoples hue, which fo cold Winters, nor pure Summers , can Icflen or lighten ?
Yea euen in < he cold Countries neere the Cape ofGood-hope , the «y£thiopians haue
nohopeorhappc of good colour; whereas the hotter Countries of Libya, and in
mantier all America (notwithftanding the Sunnes ftrait looking, and neerenefle , not
allowing them a fhadow to attend them in the greatett height of his bountie) know
notthis blackc tindlurc in the naturals thereof.

But to returuc (and who will n ^t re urne ? ) to the Mines : There are other Mines in
thcProuincesofBoroandQuiticui, in whichandintheRitiers , is found Gold not fo
pure. The people arc carelefle and negligent to get, and the Moores which traded with
them,were faine to giue their wares in truft, with promife by fuch a time to pay them
in Gold, and the people would not faile in their word.

Other Mine« are in Toroa , wherein are thofe buildings which Barrim attributeth ^' ^^^ ^°^'
to fome forren^' Pi ince,andI,for the reafons before alIedgcd,to^<?/««7(7«.It isa fquare [hc^Y.^^/?f
fortreflc,of ftonc; the ftones of matueilous greatnefle , without anie figne of morter ofMina Sofa-
or other matter to ioyne them. The wall fiue and twentie fpannes thickc , the height la.&c.fofome
not holding proportion. Oucr the gate are letters, which learned Moores could ncy- Prince, Mafter
therrcade nor know what letters they were. There are other buildings befides , of Sometimes of
like fafhion. 7 he people call them the Court, for an Officer keepes it for the Benonio- Mines

tapa, and hath charge of fome ot his women , that are there kept.They etleeme them
beyond humanepower to buildand therefore account them the workes of Deuils;
and the Moores which faw them, faid the Portugals Caftlcs were no way to bee com-
pared to them. They are fiue hundred and tenne miles from Sofala, Wcltward, in one
and twentie degrees of Southerly Latitude : in all which fpace is not found one

building



($90 OfBenomotapa^and the parts adioyning. C H a p.8.

building Ancient or later; the people are rude, and dwellin Cottages of Timber.
All the people of this Region i* of curled haire, & more ingenious then thofe which
are a^^ainft Mofambique,Quiloa and Mclinde, among whom are many that eate mans
flefh.^ndlettheirKincbloud to fatisfic their thirft. Thefe feemc prone to rcceiue the
Faith : for they beleeue in One.God , whom they call LMoz^imo and haue no IdoU.nor
vvorfhip other thing : They punifh nothing more feuerely then Witchcraft , whercun-
to otherNegros are exceedingly addi(fled ; no fuch perfon efcapeth death. The like
deteftationtheyconceiueagainftAdulteJie and Theft. Eueryoncmay haue as manic
wiues as they will : buttherirftisprincipall, the other feruc her;andhjr children are
hcires. A woman is not marriageable with them.til her Natural! purgation teftifie for
her abilitie to Conception: and therefore they entertainc the firftfluxe thereof with a
great Fcaft.

In two things they are Religions; in obferuation of dales, & Rites concerning their
dead.Of daiesjthey obferued the firft day ofthe Moon,the fix:,the feuenth.the elcuenth
the fixteenth.the feuenteenth,thc twentieth, and the cightand twentieth , bccaufcin
that day their King was borne, The Religion is in the firli,fixt,and feucnth , all the reft
are repetitions,aboue ten. When any is deadjaftcr his body is caten,his neere kindred,
orhiswifcwhichhath had moft children by him,keepe the bones, with (omefignes
whereby to know, whofc they were: and cucry feucnth day they obferuc Exequies in
thefamcplacc where they are kept: They fpreadmanyclothcs, and fet thereon tables
furnifhed with bread and foddenflefh, which they offertothcdead with prayers and
fupplications, And the principall thing they requcft of them, is, the good fucccfleof
their Kings affaires, Thefe prayers they make, being clothed in whte garments rafter
which the good man and his family cat their offerings. The Benomota^a muft wearc
clothes of the fame Countric , for fcarc of infe6lion ; others may wearc forrcn
cloatb. He is ferued on the knee.and when hec drinkcth or cougheth , all they which
are about him make a fhout, that all the Towne may know. None may cough in his
prefence: alfo, euery one muft (it in token ofrcucrencc; to ftand, is a figneof dignitie
which he affordeth the Portugals and Moores, and is the chicfc honour can be yeelded
any. The fecond honour is to (it on a cloth in his houfc ; the third,that a man may haue
a dorc in his houfe, which is the dignitie of great Lords. For meaner perfoni,they need
not feare to haue any thing ftolne out of their open houfes feeing the feueritieof lu-
ftice doth fecurcthem.Doores are not for nccefTitie, but for honor. Their houfes arc
of pyramidal! or fteeplc forme,all the timbers meeting in the middeft at the top : coue-
red with earth and ftraw. Some of them are m ade of timbers, as long and as bigge as
a great (hips maft : the greater they are, the more honourable.

TYizBenomotafA hath Mufike whithcrfoeucr he gocth, with fingers : and fflorc then

fiue hundred iefters, which haue their Captaine or Maftcr of Mif-rule. The Royall en-

ligne is a little plow-fhare, with an iuoric point,which he carrieth alvvay at his girdle;

by which is fignified peace,and husbanding of the ground. Hee beareth likewife on c

tiVm-taviiitdue or two »fwords in token of lufiice. and defence of his people. The Countric is frCe,

lagaicBttertK and giues him no other payments , but prefens, when they come to fpcake with him i

faith viii Zipia ^^^ ccrtainc dayes feruice. No inferiour comcsbcforc his fuperiour without fomc pre-

t'^k^'^'d*'"^^' fent J in token of obedience and courtefic. The Captainesof warrc with all theirs bc«

daics. fiowfeuen daycsinthirticinhishusbandricorother bufineffe. Hee mult confirme all

fentences of Judgment in his ownc perfon : there needs no prifon, for matters are pre-

fently difpatched, according to the allegations and teflimonies that are brought. And

iftherebcnotfufficientteftimonics, then the matter is trycd by oath, in this manner.

bOf fuch like They beatthebarkeofacertainctrec , and caft the powder thereof in water;'' which

water,ree the the partie drinkcth, and if he doe not vomit, he is cleared; if he vomit, hee is condem-

tenth Chapter. ^^^^ ^nd if the accufer, when the accufed partie vomiteth not , w ill drinke ofthe

fame, and doth not vomitjhc is then acquitted, and the matter difpatched. Ifanyfue

to him, hefpeedeth not, but by mediation of a third perfon, which alfo fets downc the

fummc that the King muft haue,(bmctimc at fo deare a rate, that the futer rather refu-

feth the Kings grant. They haue no Horfc, and therefore warrc on foot: The fpoiles

are generally (harcd amongft all. When he marchetb,in ihc place where he is to lodge

they



Chap. 8 . AFRICA. The/euentl? (Booke.



691



they make a new houfe of wood, and therein muftcontinuall fire be kept, without e-
uer going out; faying, that in the aflics might be wrought (bmc witcheries to the in-
damagementof hisperfon. Andwhenthcy goe tothc warres, they neucrwafli their
hands nor faces, till they haue obtained vidorie. They haue their wiues with them,
which are foloued and refpcded, that if the Kings fonnc meet with one of them in
thetheet, hegiuesherway. Benemot apahzth more then yithoudnd women; but the
firrt is principal!, although fhe be inferiourin bloud, and her fonne fucceeds. And in
feed-time and harueft, the Queen goeth to the field and oucrfecth the ftufFe.eHceming
it a great honor. Thus farre out of Barritu,

Jehanfjes Beterus f tells, That his chiefe warriours arc women, namely, ccrtainc A-
mazones.w hich feare otf their left paps.as OdoArdo g Lofex:, reporteth, left they fhould
hinder their fliooting, after the manner of the ancient Amazones : they are quitke,
bold, couragious, andconftantin battel!, and moft conftant in inconftancic : for
when they makefhewof flight, they will returne(cfpying their aduantage) with the
greateftfune. They dwell in certaine Countries by themfelues, and at certaine times
haue men to accompany with them for generation, to whom they fend their males,
refcruing all the female children which they haue. Thus we findc Am3Zons,which the
Ancients reported in Afia, Tind'Dtodortts in Libya, now in thefc times, it this report be
true, inEth'iopia: 3nd Huldericus ^ 5^w/(/if/ hath told of the like in America.Others
' deny it : and none hath yet written of them from his owne fight

In the yeare i ^60. Confahm ' Silueria, with two other Icluics, went froni Goa to
theKingdomesof Inhamban,andMonomotapa: and comming to Inhamban, they
went to Tongc, the Citie Royal!, where they Baptifed the King and all his people in a
fliort fpace, naming the King ConFtantine, the Queene Af^r^.Thence went Confalvtu
to Monomotapa, and fo preuaiied with his Images, Preaching, and Contempt of the
world, that he wanne the King and his mother,with multitudesof others to Baptifme.
But foonc after the King, by fuggeftion of the Moores.flew him..^ ebaiiian in reuengc
raifedan Armieof fixteenehmidred, ^ moftofthem being Gentlemen, which he fent



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 135 of 181)