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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 136 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 136 of 181)
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vndcrtheconduftof Francis Barretto. ThcBenomotapa fearing the Portugals forces,
offered reafonable conditions, which ^.?rr^«« refufing, was difcomfited.notby the
Negro, but by the aire; themalignitie whereof (the fowre faiice of all thefe golden
Countries in Africa) confumed hi? people. There are other Kingdomes adioyning to
Monomotapa, andtheMountainesof theMoone,Matana,Melemba,Quinbebe,Ber-
teca, Bauaguljof which I can giueyou but the names.

Caphraria, or the Land of the Caphars is next to be confidered, which C^aginns
houndezhbetweenel^o di fpiritoftnUo, and CapeT^gro, extending to the Cape of
Good HopeSouthwards. Why he fliould call thisparttheCa^iharSjIknow not : for
the Arabians, of whom this word is borrowed,giue that name to all the Heathen peo-
ple in Africa : yea both the Arabians, and all of their Religion, call all fuch as receiue
not that fuperftition, Caphars, euenChriftiansalfo, as MzRet Jeukinfofi ^ longfince
told vs. And for the Heathens in Africa, 54rrmaflfirmeth,thatitisby the Mooresgi-
uento them all : l^gmfy'm§,fytthoat Law , orlawlcflepeople.Zanguebarisin this re-
fpeft called Cafraria. It fhould feeme it is appropriated to thefe the Southerlieft Nati-
onsofAfi'ica; for want of other the more true proper names which were vnknowne.
With the names ofthe Capes, and other places of note, Mafter/'ery '" hath alreadie
acquainted his Englifli Reader : Onely that notable and famous Cape of good hope (fo
named " by /ohn the fecond,King of Portugall,for that hope which he conceiucd of a
way to the Indies, when it was firft difcouered) deferueth fome mention, It hath three
head-lands, the Weftermoft bearethnamcofG'»oi5l/;op*, themiddlemoft, Cah faifo,
becaufe they haue fometimes,in their rcturne from the Indies.miftaken this for the for-
mer : betwecnc which two Capes runneth into the Sea a mightie Riuer, called by the
Portugals,i?«« dn/ce.vjhkh Iprings out ofa Lake called Gale,li tua te among the Moun-
taines ofthe Moone,fo much celebratedby the ancient Geographers : The third and
Eaftermoftjis that of Agulhas or Needles, about fine and twenty leagues from the h'rft:
both which feeme as two homes, where with it threatens the Ocean, which in thefe
parts is found oftentimes " tempcfluous, and when it cannot preuaile againft this



rough -



iC.Bot.Sdi.

pag.i.

g Od.Lopes

Ctngt hih-lib-t-

cap.9.

AnhnihiH.lnd.

Orient.cap-19-



h Shmidelhifio-
riaNauigat-i/i

" A. Battell
which liued
neerethofe
parts.

i Eman.Acoftii
Rerum m orien.'
feg4 •Com-
ment. '
k Bolero part.i.



i A- Jenliinfoa
m mill. torn. I ■

m i'or;- before

Leo.

n O/w. de rtb.

Emun-lib. i.

This viOLiAnuo

Tlic Difcouery
thei of is large-
ly related by
Ifl. di Barros in
his firft jDecad
otAfia,/ife.j .
o Bartholomta
'Dids, who fiift
difcouered
this Cape, cal-
led it C^.Tor-
mentojo, in re-
gard of the
troubles and
dangers he
there fuftai-
ned, called,
ii\\.h.S.Sd.^.
the Lion of
the Sea. where
they found
great flormes-



6^Z OfBenomotctpdyandthe parts adioyn'mg. Chap, 3.

rough.faccd and horned Promontory, it wrekes the whole malice vpon the fhippcs,
p tinfcbat.li. vvhofcribs, in thecnragedfits^itwouldbrcakeifthey wcrcof iron; AsLiufchotcnftC'
cap.9}. (iificth of his ovviie experience. Trueitis,thatfometimcsitis paflcd with morecafc;

NauigVerhuffi. butnotfo vfually : andZw/c^o/^wtells, that at hij returncfromlndia, theSaint 7'h»^
q They found »»4;f,anewCarrick, was heerecaft away, q and their fliip, wherein he failed, infuch
u there in A- janger, that one while they prayed, another while murmured,anothcr time would re-
wkhvsin " turncbacke,and the Captaineprofcfled no fmall marucllvvhy our Lord fuffered fuch
Winter, when good Cathohkcs to endure fuch tormcnts,aud the Englifh Herctikcs, and blafpcmcrs
it frcezeth topaffefo cafily. The waues there (faith he) ftrikeagainftafhip,as ifthcy (Irucke a-
not : and yet gainfl a hill, that if it were of ftone it would at laft be broken. Hecre Captaine r Lah-
hi k Ih "^ f<iiif*r traded with the people.and for two kniues bought an Oxc,forone,afticcpc,&c.
r Snl'imei in good qnantitie. Their fhecpe arc j^reat, with great tailcs. but hairie, notwoolled.
laKcaliet: Their oxen great, not fat, but wcllflcfhed. The Captaine killed there an Ante.ope as

}iik!-tom.i. big as a Colt. There were diuer? great beaflsvnknowne to them.Whcn they hadpaf-
fArt.z. j-p J ji^jj Capcjthey lofl their Admirall.Captaine Rai>fienJ,a[\d ncuer faw thcm,or heard

of ihem more. And foure dayes after they found as terrible an enemie from aboue,and
ertcountred with a thunder-clap, which flew foure of their men out-right, their necks
being wrung afundcr: And offourefcore and foureteene men there was notonevn-
touched, but fomc were blinde, others bruifed in their legges and armes, or brefts, o-
thers drawne out, as if they had becne racked ; which all yet,God be thanked, did a&
ter recouer.
1600. The fame Sir James Ldttca^er was after this fent Generall for ihe Eaft-India Com-

pany ; which hauing made a ftocke of threefcore and tweluc thoufand pound,boiighc
the Dragon of fix hundred tunnes, the Hcdor of three hundrcd,thc Afccnfion of two
hundred and fourefcore, the Sufan of two hundred and threefcore, and fent in them
in merchandize and Spanifli mony, to the value of feuen and twentic thoufand pound.
The Scorbutc fo weakened their men, that they were not able to hoife out their boats,
except in the Generalls fhip, whofe men (drinking euery morning three fpooncfuls of
f Soldaniaija theiuicc of Limons) werehealthfull. He bought a thoufand fheepe in Soldaniaf and
Bay in 34. fottic two oxen as biggc as ours, the fheepe greatcr,but hairicaud might haueboughc
more, for old iron. The people, he faith, aretauny; Cerr.eliw Houtmati faith, Oliuc
blacke, blacker then the Brafilians, their hairc cut led and blacke,as in Angola,not cir.
cumcifcd, clocke like a brood-hen in fpeaking, paint their faces with diucrs colours,
ftrong,a6iiue,fwift,fubie6tto Mgnomet/tpa : they flew fomc Flemings for wrongs,
t S'lrEd.Mkh. which made the Englifh warie in trading with them. S\t Edward Atichelhrne ^^foMnd
1*04. Daitid heerc great reliefe. Be(idesgreat heardsof oxenandflockesofftieepejhecreisabun-
Wirf'cf** faith dance of Deere, Antilopes, Baboones, Foxes, Hares, Oftrichc$,Cranes,Pelicans,He-
thcLke, iio6. jons,Geere,Duckcs, Phefants, Partridges, &c. A great Bullocke they might buy for
an old iron hoop not worth two pence,a fheep for a peece not worth two good horfe-
najles. The peopleliuedonthe guts and filth of the meate which our men caft away,
not fo much as wafliing the fame, but couering them ouer with hot afhes, before they
were through hot, pulled them out, and iliaking them a little with their hands, did eac
both guts, excrements, and afhes. They liuc vpon raw flefh and certaine roots. Sir
u Thomas cla^ Henry Mtdleton^ " Generall of the foure ihippes aboue named, found ( in his rerurne)
b»rne. ,hrcc and fiftie men dead in the Heftor at this Bay, and but ten left: The Sufan waslott.

It was thought for want of men. And long before the trade of the Englifh (which is
« ijoj. novvvCTy much cncreafed in the Eaftcrne parts) Giouatimda Empoli " tclleth. That

neerc the Cape, the Countrey-people would giuethem a Cow for a little bell. The
men and women were clothed, or rather a little couered, with hairy skinncs, the wo-
riien beautifying this their beaftly habitc with the tailes of the beatts, hanging downe
before and bebinde to couer their fhame. Thcfe women hadlarge and deformed
pa -ipes. Religion they could obferue none amongft them, and thought thai they eatc
their flefhr aw.

TheHoUanders alfoin theyeare i595.trafFickedwith thefeCafrcs,whichwereva-
liantjbut bafe in appareil, couered with Oxe or fheepc-skinnes wrapped about their
ftiouldcrs, with the hairy fide inward, in forme of a mantle ; their priuy-parts couered

with-



Chap. 8 . AFRICA. Thefeuenth 'Booke.



69^



with a flieepes tnilf , faftencd before and behind with a girdle.But now we fee it ina je
a daily matter to the Portugall, Englidi and Dutch/o capable ofliope cfGooA,th3.t ths
Cape of (7«ff^/'o/J* is nothing feared: although at home many haue no good hope of
publike good,and wifh that they would carry out of Europe IcfTe >• money, and bring
home more men.For my part,! wifhfowel to Nauigation and Difcoucncs, that I could
wifli fut h complaints to be but calumnies and to be the knauigations of falfc difcouc-
rers. I cannot omit, ^ that vpon the top of this Promontory, Nature hath as it were,
framed her felfe a delightful! bower,hcerc to fit and contemplate the great Scas.which
from the South, Hall and Weft beat vpon this fhore : and therefore hath heere formed
agrcat plaine,pleafant in fuuation.which with the fragrant herbes, variety of flowers,
and flourishing verdure of all things, fecmcs a terrcftriall Paradife. It is called the table
ofthe Cape. That which from hence lieth to Cape Negro.hath not to our purpofe any
thing notable. This al'o defcrueth inention, that notwithftandmg all the damages of
this drcadfull Promontory, and the feas on this fide and beyond, t Jaf?ies Botelliits a
Portugaljto recouer the fauour of his Pnnce,M» the third, by the firft bringing newc3
oCa happy accident that then befell in India.in a little boat or veflell fcarce cightccnc
foot long.and fix broad.failcd from Cochin to Dabul,and from thence alongft the A-
rabian and African fliores.doubling this terrible Capc,and mifling Saint Hek»tii,czme
yet fafe to Lisbone, worthily welcomed both for his meflagCjand the mcflenger, that
durft aduenturc to encounter Nepunes rtrongeft forces, nocwithftanding fo weake
furniture.

The Hollanders " at the Cape of Good hope, (if you will hcare other teftimonics)
had of the Inhabitants two kine for two ruftie kniues, and one much greater for a new
one:two fat buls and three fhecp for a bar of iron, weighing threefcorc and ten pound.
The people make much account of iron.thcy are of (hort ftature : darkifh colour: their
armes are adorned with copper and iuory, their fingers with rings of gold, and with
beads ofbone and wood. They brand their bodies with diuersmarkes. And becaufe
they alway annoint themfelues With greafe andfat, they yeeld a ranke fmell. If we kil-
led a bead for our vre,they would aske the inwards, and eat them raw, the filth being
not well cleanfed from thenii. At their Feafts they would feeth abeaft in his hidc,faH-
ned on foure ftickej with fire vnderncaih. They liuedmiferably, yet for gallantry ware
bones and peeces of dried flcfh about their neckcs. Neere this Cape are weeds grow-
ing m the fea fiue and twentie fathomc long.

The Afcenfton " built their Pinnefie An 1608. at Soldania.about fiftccne or fixteene

leagues from the Cape of Good Hope, and there tooke in for their prouifion about

foure hundred head of cattell,as Oxen, StcereSjSheepe, and Lambcs, together with

fovvles and frefli water. They filled their boat with Seales at the lie Pengwin, a little

from thence. Suchwasthebrutifhnatureof the Inhabitants, that when the Englifh

hadcaftoutof theirfhiponcofthofe Scales, and the fame had lien fouretecnedaycs,

and now fwarmed with crawling Maggots, they would take them vp and eat themj

asthey would alfodoe the guts, garbage, andpauchof the beaft. They more eftec-

med iron, then gold or filucr. Heere the firfl: night after they weighed anchor. The

jifcenften loR the Vnton^OLnA the Goo^ Heft their Pinnefle ( fo neere the Cape of Good

Hflpifj which, me thinkesjobferuing what after befell them, feemes an ominous prc-

fage, written in thefe names, of their other lofTes which followed, concluded with the

lolTe of their fliip on the coaft of Cambaya, It is morally true, that afcertdtug and afpi-

ling mindes XoicVmon (y {or ent/j hy pride deth man make Cententiou) Vman being y Praa.ij.ie-

gone. Good Hepf followeth, ,Qf*i Concordia crefcnnt dtfcordia & res &fpespereu»t:zad

fo it befell in this their tragedie, after the loffc of thofe Veflels which bare fuch names.

ThefhipwasloftbythcMaftcrs indifcretion, but yet hath the honor (furuiuing her

fates) that flicc was the firft Englifh (Kip that cuer failed on thofe Seas. But letvs rc-

turne (left this Afccnlion orcxtcnfionofourDifcourfebringittothc likefhipvvrack)

vnto the Ethiopian Cafrcs,



r For money,
bothPortu-
gals and others
haue found
that the Indi-
ans more e-
fteeme it farre
then merchan-
dize. K/^/./jf.
Fr. dc Sagitta
inN.Orbe.hni
men die niucli
by the change
and vnbole-
fomcnesofthc
climate and
diet.theirown
intemperance
with women,
and ftuits m
the Counrrey,
calmes, Icor-
buce, &c.
f Botera.
t Majfleui H'ft-
Ind.!.ti - i'ii1'
u De Bfylnd.
Or.jfart-^.



X Cap.^ob.Ce-
ueit.



Chap,



6p4



Of the K^n^dome of Congo ^O^c



Chap»p;



Gi.BotertBen.
part.i.Mnrmol.

b Od. toe. per

Vigafet, tranf-

laiedby/l.H.

p. rf« /.jrnc.

Hift.lnd.OrknU

fatt.'i.

c Od,Lopex lib.



i Sarr.Vcc.i.

llb-l-cap.^.

Ocl.LopeK.ibid-




fome vcport)
fent a prefenc
to Spaine of
two Buts of
NetBIOS nofcs,
which were
Giias.A.B.



i Thom.Turner.



g Andnio Bat-
tdl was. taken
by the Poicu-
gals on the
coaftofBrafil,
andfliippcd o-
ucr to Congo,
where (and in
the Countries
adiaccnt)he
liucd very ma-
ny yearcs, and
was Sergeant
of aBaadjScc.



Ch A P. IX.

of the Kittgdome ofcengo^ and the other Kwgdcmes and
Natiom adtoyning.

HcKingdomc »of Congo (vnderftandingfo much by the name, as in
times part hath becne fubicft thereto) hath on the Wcft,the Ocean ; on
the South, theCaphars, andmountaines of theMoone; on theEaft,
thofe hills from which the Riuers iflue and runne into the fountaines of
Nilus; andon the North, the Kingdome of Benin, Of thefe Coun-
tries, Pig.ifett4, ^ from the relation oWdoardo Lofez, a Portugal.hath
written two bookcs, out of whom P. da larric, Totero and others, haue taken moft of
their reports.

And in this we will beginne with the moft Southerly parts ; in which we firft come
into the Kingdome ofMatama (this is the Kings proper name) who being a Gentile,
ruleth oucr diuers Prouinccs, named Qliimbebc. This is a Kingdome <= great and
mightie,extending from Brauagal to Bagamidri : the aire thereofis holefome^the earth
outwardly furnifhed with ftore of fruit?, inwardly with mines of Criftall, and other
mettals. The Segniories towards the Sea-coaft are very meanc,and want Hauens. An-
gola fomctime a Prouinceofthe Kingdom? of Congo, is now a great Kingdome it
felfe,and very populous. They fpeake the fame languagc,with fmall difference of dia-
le(ft,th3t is y(ed in Congo, whofeyoakethcy caft off fincc theCongois became Chri-
ftians. 2>/V^o ^ Can firft difcouered thefe parts for the Portugals,^»Kff j 486. And the
Portugils vfed to trade quietly with the Angolans: but fome of them trading as high
into the Countrey as CabaiZ3,the royall City,which is an hundred & fiftie miles from
the Ocean, were there by order from the King put to the fword, vnder pretence of in.
tended trcafon. This was done i^j^.PauUDiat (to whom the King Sel'afiiaH hzd
giucn the gouernment cf thefe partSjWith licence to conquer three and thirtieleagues
alongftthe coaft tohim andhisheires)torcuengehimfelfefor this defpight done to
his people, armed fuch Portugals as he had, and with two Gallies and other Veflels,
which he kept in the Riucr Coanza, he went on both fides the Riuer, conquering and
fubduing many Lords vnto him. The King of Angola railed a mightie armie ofa mil-
lion of men, « asisfuppofed. For they vfe to leaue none at home that is fit to carriea
weapon : and make no preparation for vicftuall, but fucb,as haue any, carry it vpon the
flioulders of their feruants, and therefore no maniell if their food being fooncconfu-
med, their Campcs be foonc diflblued. Small likcwife is their prouifion of Armour
for offence, and for defence much leffe.Dw-t- fent to the King of Congo for aid, who
lent him fixtie tho'.ifand men: with which, andhisowneNation.heraade his partic
good, againft the confufcd rabbles of the Angolans. The trade of Angola is yet con-
tinued,and from thence the Portugals buy and cany to Brafil and other parts yearely,
a world of flaues, which are bought within the Land, and are captiues taken in their
warres. One Thomas f Turner that had liucd a long time in Biadl, ond had alfo been
at Angola, told me, that it was fuppofed eight and tweniie thoufand flaues (a number
almoft incredible, yet fuch as the Portugals told him) were yearely fhipped from An-
gola and Congo, at the Hauen of Loanda. He named to me a rich Portugal in Brafil,
which had ten thoufand of his owne, working in hislngenios (ofwhichhehadeigh-
teene) and in his other employments. His mmevJis John dePaus, exiled from Portu-
gall, and tlius enriched in Brafil. A thoufand of his flaues, at one time, entered into
confpiracie with nine thoufand other flaues in the Countrey, and barricadoed them-
fclues for their beft defence againft their Mafters, who had much adoe to reduce fame
of them into their former feruitude.

To returne to Angola, we may adde the report of another of our Countrcy-men,
S A'ldrero Sattell (my neere neighbour, dwelling at Leigh in Effex) who fcrued voder
u\da»iielStluera Perera, Gouernor vnder the King of Spaine,at his Citie ofSaint Pau/.;
andvvithhim went fane into the Countrey of Angola, their armie being eight hun.

dlCil



Chap«9- AFRICA, Thefeuenth'Booke. 6^t^

dred Porcugals, and fiftie thoufand Naturals. This yindrew BattelltdktU that they are
all Heathens in Angola. They had their Idols of wood in the niiddcfl cftheir Tovvncs,
fafhioned like a Negro, and at the loot thereofwas a great hcape of Elephants teeth,
containing three or foure tunncs of them : thefe were piled in the earth,and vpon them
were fct the skulls of dead men, which they had flaine in the warrcs, in monument of
their viilorie. The Idoll they call fJMohjjfo, and fome of them hauehoufes built ouer
them. If any be ficke, he accounteth it Moktffos hand, and fendcth to appcafe his an-
gric god, with po wring wine ( which they haue of the Palme-tree) at his feet. They
haue proper names of diftinilion for their yWo^jJ/i-f' as KijfHHgo,K,ilikete^?ic. and vfc
to fweare by x.\\tm,KijfHngovpy, thatis, by KijfpMgo. They haue another more folerr.ne
oath.intriallof controuerlies: ^ forwhichpurpofetheylay akindeofhatchct,which h Tliistriallis
they haue, in the fire, and the Gauga-Mokjjjo, or Oliekifos Prieft taketh the fame red c^Ucii Motam-
hot, anddrawethitneeretothcskinncof theaccufedpartic; and if there be two, he '"''
caufeththeirleggesto befetneere together, and draweth this hot iron without tou-
ching betweene them j if it burnes, that partie is condemned as guiltie, otherwife hec
is freed.

For the ceremonies about the dcadjthey firft w'afii him,then paint him, thirdly appa*.
rcU him in new clothes, and then bring him to his graue,which is made like a vault, afl
ter it is digged a little way downe,vndermined,and made fpacious within,3nd there fee
him on a feat ofearth,with his beads (which they vfe in chaines and bracelets for orna-
ment) and the moll part ofhisgoods.with him in his lafting home. They kill Goats,
and fhed the bloud in the graues,and powre wine there, in memoriall of the dead.

They arc much giuen ' todiuinationbybirds. Ifabird flie on their left hand, or iOd.Upe'^,
crie in ibmc manner which they interpret ominous and vnluckie, they will ceafefrom
the cnterprifes which they haue in hand. Their Priefis are k called G,atge,ar\d(o high- ^ 0'- Bat. bw.
ly reputed, that the people thnjke it intheirpowertofendplentieor fcarfitie, life or P^'i-^-^'^-i'
death.They are skilfull in Mcdicinall hcrbesj and in poyfons j and by familiaritic with
the Diuellforetell things to come.

in Angola cuery man taketh as many wiucs as he will.There are mines of filuer,and
of mottexcellent copper. They haue many kine, but louc dogs better then any other
flefh, and fat them to the fhambles. yindrew BattellCzMhJhzt the dogs in thofe coun-
tries are all ofone fort.prick-eaied curres of a meane bigneffe, which they vfe alfo to
hunt with,buc they open not ; ( for they cannot barke) and therefore they han^ clap-
pers made of little boo'ds about their neckcs. He hath fecne a maftiffe fold for three
flaues. Lop^^affirmeththat a great dog was exchanged for two and twentieflaues;
which might happen vpon fome extraordlnarie occafion. The money in Angola is
glaflc-beads, which they vfe alfo, as is faid, for ornament. TheKing of Angola hath
feemed willing to become Chriftian,3nd hath fent to the King of Congo for that pur-
pofe, but could not obtaine any Priefts in that fcarfitie to inftruft him.

This Kingdome hath many Lord-fliipsfubied thereto, asfarreon the Sea-coaft as /I'idreiv Eattell.
CapcNegro. Towardsa Lake, called ^^«tf/«»^rf, licth a Countrcy called Quizama,
the Inhibitants whereof being goucrned after the manner of a Common- we3lth,hauc
fliewedthemfelues friendly to the Portugals, andhelped them in ihcir warrcs aoainft
Angola. Thehoufesin Angola are made in fafhion like a Eee-hiue. Thewomenat
the firft fight of the new Moone, turne vp their bummes, in defpight,as offended with
their menftruous courfes which they afcribe vnto her. The men fometimes in a valo-
rous refolution,will denote themfelues vnto fome haughtie attempt in the warresrand
takingleaueofthcKing, vvillvowneuertoieturne, till they bring him a horfe-head,
or fome other thing very dangerous in the enterprifc, and will either doe it or die.
Horfe-tailcsare great jewels, and two flaues will be giuen for one taile , which com-
monly they bring from the Riuer of Plate, where Horfcs are exceedingly cncreafed
• and growne wilde. They will, by fiering the grafle round about, hemme the horfcs a-
boui with afierie circle, the fire rtiil ftreightning and approching neerer, till they haue
aduantagc enough to kill them : Thus haue the Europxan cattcll, of horfe and kine, io
cncreafed in that other world, as they fpare not to kill the one for their hides, and the '
other for their tailes.

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6^6 Of the K^ngdome of Congo ^(lyc. C H a p.p.'



1 01 Lepcx. N«t to Angola Northwards, i is the Kingdome of Congo, the Weflerne line,

° vvhereof I'tf/'if^ extendcth three hundred threefcore and fiftccne miles; the Northerne
fiue hundred and fortic ; the Eaftcrne, fiuc hundred ; and the Southernc,three hundred
and threefcorc.The breadth thereof from the mouth of Zaire.crofling ouer the Mouii-
taincs of theSunne, andthe Mouotaines of Cryrtall, is fixe hundred miles.. And yec
is it much ftreightned of the ancient bounds, only the title except, which flill holdeth
theoldftilc; Don Alvaro Kitigof(^»nge,and9fAbundos,andofMat(im*,<indof
^Hiz4ma, a»d»f Angola, andof Cmcengo, and of the feuen Kingdomes of (^ongere t/€-
mola^d, and of the Lungelungos, and Lord of the '^uer Zaire, and of the Afiz^icjuot,
and Anz^tquana, and of Loanga, The prefent Kingdome is diuidcd into fixe Prouin-
cei,Bamb3,Songo,Sundi,P3ngo,Batta,Pemba. Bamba is the chiefe for grcatnefle
and riches, then gouerncd by Den SehaFlian Mani-Bamba ; the word iJMam is a title
of honor, and fignifieth aPrinc^or Lord : when need requireth, the 'JMani.Bamba
may haue in Campe foure hundred thoufand men of warre. Therein are mines of fiU
uer: and on theSca-coaft a kinde of fhelis which they vfc for money, for filuer and
gold is not vfed for money amongft them. In this Prouince areyearely bought by the
Portugals aboue fiuc thoufand Negros. There are among them very migtie mcn,that
will cicaue a flaue in the middle, or cut off a Bulls head at one blow. Yea one of them
did bcare on his arme a veflell of wine, contaming the fourth part of a Butt,and might
weigh three hundred and fiue and twentie pound, vntill it was cleane emptied. There
are ccrtaine creatures as bigge as Rammes, and haue wings likeDragons, with long
tailes and chappes, and diuers rowes of teeth, and feed vpon raw fiefli. Their colour is
blew and greene, their skinne be-painted like fcales,and they haue but twofeet.Thefe
the Pagan Negros doe worfliip for gods , and at this day many of them are kept for a
miracle. And becaufe they are very rare, the chiefe Lords doe curioufly prcferue them,
and fuffer the people to worftiip them, in regard of the profit which accrcweth to them
by the offerings which rhepeople make vnto them. Other Creatures of thefe parts arc
mentioned in the firft Chapter of the former Booke. Peacockes arc not common.and
are very deare,their feathers being vfed for royall cnfignes.The King of Angola bring-
cthvpfomeinanindofcdwood, and fufferethnone tokecpethembuthimrdfe. To
fpeake at large of the other fiucProuinces, would be tedious to the Reader, and Ma-



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 136 of 181)