Copyright
Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 137 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 137 of 181)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


in Siftorie of ftcr '" H^r/wW/ hath taught L»;i« to fpeake Englifh,of whom fuch as aredelirous,
Congo tranf- may be further fatisfied. Ouer-againftthelle Loanda, where the fhell-moncy is ga-
lated by Abrt- thcrcd. is vpon the Continent, the Towne of Saint F<««/,inhabited with Portugals and
bamMTi^eU. ^heirwiues.

TheRiuers of Congo aremany, Bengo, Coanza,Dande, Lembe, Ozone, Loze,
Atnbriz, and the greateti of all, Zaire : all which haue fome, either aftinicie in niutuall
marriages of their ftrcames, orconfanguinitie in the fountaines from whence they
flow, which are ccrtaine Lakes , the firft of which is Zembre, the other Aquelunda. In
all thefe Riuers are common the rarities of Nilus, the ouer- flowing of the waters, Ri-
uer-horfes. Crocodiles, and fuch like. ey^^^irfwB^ffW/ told me of a huge Crocodile,
which was reported to haue eaten a whole Ahbamba, that is, a company of eight or
■" . nineflaues chained together, and at laft payed for his greedincfle: the chaine holding

him flaue, as before it had the Negroes, and by his vndigeftible nature deuouring the
deuourer 5 remaining in the belly of him after he was found, in teftimony of this vi^fto-
rie, Hce hath fcene them watch and take their prey, hailing a Gennet, man, or other
creature into the waters. A fouldier thus drawneinby a Crocodile, infhallowcr wa-
ters, with hisknife wounded him in the belly, and flew him. In their Summer it rai-
ncth not, and then the places in their Winter (the time of the Sunnes neereft prcfence,
attended with daily raines) couered with water, doe grow thicke, and matted with a-
bundance of little trees,herbes and plants, which the fatned wombe of that moift foile
conceiuethby thedirc6terbeamesof the Sunne, and the ouer-flowing waters in the
n They call Winter carry away, as it were fmall " Hands; lifting them vp together with the roots
thafe patches and foile, the yong trees and Deere ftanding and growing thereon, carried captiue vn-
of ground thu« toT^punes eternall prifons. In Bengo and Coanza they are forced to fet vp^for a time,
earned in houfcs vPon cratches, their Other houfes being taken vp for the Riuers lodgins's. Zaire

3 J JJ



Ch A P49- AFRICA. Thefeuenth 'Book.e.



697



is offuch force, that no fliipcau get in againft the current, but necretothc fliorc: yea

it preuailcs agajnft the Oceans faltnefle thtcefcorc, and as Ionic fay, fourcfcore miles,

within the Sea, before his proud waues yeeld their full homage, and teceiue that fait

temper in token of fubiedion. Such is the haughtiefpititofthatflreame, which oner- The Riuer

running the low Countries as it pafl'eth,andfv\olIcn with conceit of daily conquefts, Zaire.

and daily fupplics, which in armies of fhowers are by the clouds fcnt to his fuccour,

runnes now in a furious rage, thinking eucn to fvvallow the Ocean, which before hce

iicucr faw, with his mouth wide gaping, eight and twentie miles, as Lo^e^ affiimcth,

in the opening ; but meeting with a more Giant-like enemic, which lies lurcking vn-

dcr the cliffes to rccciue his alfault, is prelently i wallowed in that wider wombe ; yet ;

(o, as al wayes being conquered, heneuer giues ouer, but in an eternajl quarrell, with

deep indented frowncs in his angry f3ce,foming with difdaine.aiid filling the aire with

noifc, (with frefh helpe) fuppliei thofe forces which the falt-fea hath confumed. In

this Riucr is a fifh called Ambize,Angulo,or Hog-fifh,that hath, as it were.two hands,

and a taile like a Target, which eateth like Porke, and whereof they make Larde, and

liath not the (auour or tafle of filh. It feedeth on the grafle that groweth on the banks

ofthcRiuer, andneuer goeth out ; it hatha mouth like the mozell of an Oxe: there

arc of them that weigh fiue hundred pound a peece.

About the ycarei4Po. lohn the iecond, Kingof Portug3ll,fentCo»/^/;/9 diSofa,
with three fhips.andPnefts in them, to bring the King and people of Congo to Chri-
ftian Religion, « which was eftedtcd : and although hence arofe ciuill warrcs amongft
thcBi.yet the matter was at lali ended to the aduanccmcnt of the Chriftian Religion
(fuch as the Portugals taught, and no doubt, infinitly better then their Pagan fuperfti.
OHjhowfoeucrfpotted with manyRomifh(laincs) andfrom that time to this,now an
hundred and twentie yeares, hath Congo continued Chriftian, vnder lohn, tyilfsnfo,
Piedro, and the reft ofthcir Kings.

When the firft Bifhop of Saint ThomM wtint into Congo, to take poffcffion of his
Paftorall charge there (for the Kingdome of Congo was annexed to the Biftiopricke
ofSi'mtThonjM ) for the Sea-fide to thcCitic, which is an hundred and fiftie miles.
King Piedro caufed the wayes to be made f nooth and trimme, and couered ouer with
mattes, that the Bifhop fhould not fet his feete vpon any part of the ground, not ador-
ned ; all the wayes, trees, and higher places fwarming with peoplc,ofl"ering Lambes,
Kiddes, Chickins, Partridges, Venifon, Fifli, and other necelfaries, toteftifie their
zeale. And at laft arriuing at the Citie of ^z'mt oatdours (before called 'Banz,a,'w\\\c\t
(isnifieth a Court, and is commonly attributed to all the chiefe Cities, where the King
of any of thofe Countries holdeth his re(idence) he was there rcceiued by the King and
his Nobles, and ordained the Church there to be the Cathedrall Church of his See,
which hadbelongingto it eight and twcntieCanons, with other Officers, and Orna-
ments vliiall.

After DowP/c^rofucceededFrrfwj/fo, and after him, 7) />^«.- who beingdead, his
fonne, and two other Competitors of theKingdome were flaine.and Henrteah^orhcx:
toDiego,\Nis made King, and after his death, Alnaro, whom the Giacchi draue out of
his Kingdome, till King SebaFiian lent Francifce di Gone a to expcll them.

The greateft, and moft zealous Prince for Chriftian Religion, was a/ilfhonfa,
who, on paine of death, forbad to all his fubiefts the hauing, or worftiipping of Idols,
which he commanded fhould be all brought, and deliuercd to the Lieutenants of the
Countrey, together with their Charailers and Witcheries. For before euery P man p lo*^ty
adored that which beft liked him: fomc, thofe Dragons before fpokenof; others.
Serpents, which they nourifhcd with their datnticft prouifions. Some worfhipped the
greateft Goats they could get; fome,Tigres; and the more vncouth and deformed any
beaftswere, the more in their bcaftly and deformed fuperftition were they obferued.
Batres,Owles,3ndScritch-owIes, birds of darknefle, were the obieds of their dar-
kened Deuotions; Snakes and Adders enuenomcd their loules, with a more deadly
poyfon, then they could doc their bodies. Beafts, Birds, Hctbes, Trees, Charadkrs,
and the formes of thofe things paintedandgrauen, yea the skinncs of them, bein<»
deadjftutfed with flraw, had their (hares iiuhisdifFu fed varictte, andconfufed maffc

Ooo a oi



o Of ihe coiT
ucrfion of
Conco, reads
lo. diBjryoi.
Pec.^.lib.7:.
cap.\o. and 0-
fomadertb- £-
vtarmelu, hb.^.
and ^ajfeus
Hiji.fnd.lib.l.
and Lopez,, l-^ ■
and Gtt./Mbiu
mfl.lnd.Orkn-

16.17.



6^8



Of the Kjngdome of Congo ^<ijrc.



Chap. 9,



of irreligious Religion. Thccereriionics they vfed to them, were, kneeling on their
kneeSjCaftlng thcmfelues groueling on the earth,defiling their faces with dull, vcrball
prayers.reall offerings. They had their Witches, which made the people bejeeue that
their Idols could ipeakc : and if any man had rccoucred of any ficknes, after he had re-
commended himfelf to thcm.they would affirme that the angry Idolhvas now appea-
fed. AH thefe Idols King Alphonjo caufed to be burned in oneheape, in ftead whereof
the Portugals gaue them Images of Saints,and Crucifixes to worfliip.This may feeme
an exchange r Jther,then a cealing from Supcrftiiion,werc not fome fundamental! and
efpeciallfubftance of Truth communicated (bcfidcs thofe blinde fhadowes) where-
with, no doubt, God drawcthfome outofdarknes(this darkncs notwithftanding) ia
atrueandfauing, though a dimme and fliadowed light; wherewith as farrc going be-
fore vs in affeition^as we before them in knowledge ; I dare not but in the hope of the
faluation of fomc, thanke God for this glimfe of heauenly light, rather then rafhiy to
cenfure and fentencc them to a totall and hellifli darkneffc.

Emanuel^ fince fentfupplies of religious perfons.to conBrmc them in their Chri-
flianitie, andhisfonnc, 7o^»the third fental'o lefuits to that purpofe, whoerefted
Schooles among them: and they alfo fend their fonnes intoPortugall tolearne the
Sciences and knowledge of Europe. God Almightje y,r3nt that thofe Fountaines may
be cleanfcdofall Popifhmire,that thence more holclonie waters may flow.co the wa.
tcring of this Ethiopian Vineyard.

They vfc in Congo f to make cloathes ofthe Enzanda tree, (of which fomc write
the fame things that are reported of the Indian Fig-tree, that it fends forth a hairy fub-
ftanceftom thebranches,which nofooncr touch the groimd.but they take roote and
grow vp, in fuch fort. that one tree would multiply it felfe into a wood ( if Nature fee
not fome obflaclc.) The inner-mofi: barke of the Inzanda, by beating, is made excel-
lent cloth.Other trees there arc, which the Tides coucr.and are difcouered by the Ebs,
laden at the root with Oiliers. But more admirable is that huge tree called Alicundc
of which my friend Andrtvf ' jS^rrW/fuppofeth fome are as bigge (belides their won-
derful! tallnefle) as twelue men can fathome. Itfpreadslike anOake. Someofthem
are hollow^ and the liberall clouds into thofe Naturall Caskes difpenfe fuch plentic of
water, that 00c time three or fourethoufandofthcm, in that hot Region, continued
foureand twentiehoures at one of thofe trees, which yeelded them all drinke of her
waterie ftore.and was not emptied. Their Negros climed vp with pegs (for the tree is
fmooth.and therefore not otherwife to be climbed, andfofoft, that it eafily receiued
pegs of a harder wood, driuen into hcrycelding fubftance with a (tone) and dipped the
water,as it had bcene.out of a Well. Hcfuppofed that there is fortie tunne of water in
fome one of them. It yeeldeth them goodopportunitie forhony, to which end the
Countecy-people make a kinde ofCheft, with one hole into the fame, and hang it vp-
on one of thefe trees; which they take downe onceayeare, and with fire or fmoake
chafing or killing the Bees, take thence a large quanticie of hony. Neither is it liberall
alone to the hungrie and thirftie appetite,but very bountifully it cloathes their backes,
with the barke thereof, which being taken from the yonger Alicundes and beatcn,onc
fathome which they cutout ofthe tree, will by this meancs extend it fclfc into twenty,
and prefently is cloth fit for ^ wearing; though not fo fine as that which the Inzanda-
tree yeeldeth. It ferues them alfo for boats, oneof which cut out in proportion of a
Scute, will hold hundreihs of men.

Of their Palme-trees,which they keepe with watering and cutting euery ycare.thcy
make Veluets,Sattens,Taffatas,Dam3skcs, Sarcenets, and fuch like,out ofthe clean-
fed and purged leaiies thereof, drawing long and cuen threeds for that purpofe.

And for their Palme-wines, which they draw out ofthe toppc of a kinde of Palme,
which at firft is flrong and inebriating wine,and in time declineth to a fowre and hole-
fome vineger : ofthe ftone of thefruit.which is like an Almond,they alfo make bread,
of the fhale ofthe fruit, Oyle, which alfo fcrueth them for butter : Lofez, dlHinguifh-
eth this tree from the Coco tree, which is there alfo growing : and another Palme that
beareth Dates ; others that beare Cola, like a Pine-apple, excellent for the (tomacke,
and for the Liuer rnoll admirable : it being fuppofcd that the liucr ofa Henne or other

bird,



Ind.lib.^.&iS-



r Aithuic- 1 J.
Li'ifchot.lib-i.
A'ruirerp Batlcll
faith,That the
tree which
thus ftrangely
nmltiplieth it
felfe, is called
the Manga
tree,
f Andr.BMell.



£ Lmfchot-lib.i.

Thefe boats,
ian\^ AndrcT*
Buttcll, are
maiieofano-
theriree,for
the Alicunde
isof toofpun-
giea fubftance
for that pur-
pofe.



CHAP.y AFRICA. The fixt^ooke, 701

bird, putrified.fprinkled with this matter.rccouereth the former frefhnefle and found-
neflc. Other forts ofPalmesyccld other fruits, and of their Icaues they make mattes,
wherewith they couer their houfes. Lepez, faw a Pomecitron, the kerncll whereof Jefr
within the rindc, yceided a pretic tail fprig in fourc dayes.

Of ftones they hauc fuch flore to build with, that in feme places they may cut out
a Church of one peecc. There are whole mountainesfof Porphyric, of lafpar, of white
Marble, and other Marbles : One efpeciall, that yccldeth faire lacinthes, that are gobd
Jewels, ftraked like as it were with Naturall veincs.

Tlie Port and lie of Loanda lying ouer-againft the Portugall Towne of Saint
Paul, famous for many thingcs, deferueth efpeciall mention for this , thatitycel-
deth , in Icflc then halfe ayard digging , Waters very fwcetc ; but of fo contraric a
Natureto theSea , her mightie neighbour, that when the Sea ebbeth, the Water i»
fait, and when it floweth the fame is fweete and frefh : as if the Sea imparted that which
it felfe hath not, orrathercnuied that which it hath, and therefore alway athiscom-
ming,rc-demaundeththatfaltne{refromthofe fpringes to attend vpon their Ocean-
mother. So doe wee fee the Siluer Lampcs of Heaucnin the Sunnes abfenceto
lighten the World , which yet want light , when it is moft plcntifull, to fhew i;hem-
felues. Eucn Nature fealeth and confirmeth Monopolies to her principail Cour-
tiers, alwayesprouided , that it thereby better ferueth for the CezKmon good ^ and
therefore uoprecedent to fuch dropfie and fplenlike Monopolies, Monie-pollings, Monoplk.
with which fome exorbitant members burthen ihemfeluej, and make others by ligh-
ting, heauie , worthily therefore by the Suiine of our Great Brittaine, at the hrft
ryfingof his morning brightneflc , difperfed from our Horizon. But how farrc is
Loanda from Britaine? And yet our fcope is to bring Loanda and all the World elfe in-i
to our Brittainejthat ourBrittaines might fee the in and out.fidc of the fame.Loanda
is reported (as fome affirme of Egypt and Nilus to be the ifilie of the Oceans fand, and
Coanza's mire which in procefle oftime brought forth in their difagieeing agrcementj
this Ifland.

In Congo the King is Lord Supreme : and none hath power to bequeath his goods
to his kindred, but the King is heirc gcncrall to all men.



C H A p. X.

OfLoangOy the (_^nx>hhiy Giachi, and the gnat Lakes in thofe
parts of the IVerld.

Tfolloweth. in thecourfeof our Difcouerie, to fet you on fhorein
Loango, the Northerly neighbour of Congo, tight vnder the Line,
awhofe Countrie ftretchetn two hundred myles wichlii Land. The a/;w«/.i.rf.
people ate called 'Sr<?wAf, the King, UManiLoAngo'^ foir.etimes , as
reportgoeth, fubieitto the King of Congo. They are Circumcifed
_ _ afterthemanncrof the Hebrewes, like as alfo the reft of the Nations
of thofe Countries vfe to bee. They hauc aboundance of Elephants , and wcarc
clothes of Palme, ^nirexf b Batteli liued amongft them two yeares and a halfe. b /indiCK 'Bdt.
They are, fayth hee. Heathens, and obferuc manic Superflitions, They hauc their
tMokjJfoj or Images , to which they oflfer according to the proportion of their Ibrts
and fuites : The Fifher offcreth Fifh , when hee fueth for his heipe in his fifhing; the
Gountrey-man, Whear; the Weauer, Alibungo's peeces of cloath : other bring bot-
lels of wine : all wanting that they would hauc, and bringing what they want, fuini-
fliing their Mokjjfe with thofe things, whereof they complaine themfclucs to bee dif-
furniftied.

Their Ceremonies for the dead arc diuers. They bring Goates and let them bleed
at the -(T^#/^jJiV foot, which they after confume in a Feafting memoriallof the decea-
fedpartie : which is continued fourc or fiue dayes together , and thatfouie or hue f&=

Ooo 3 uersBl




y o o Of Loaned, the ^n:^chi, Giachij arc. C H a p . i o .

ucralltimes'mtheyearc,by all ofhis fiicndcs and kindred. Tlie daycs arc knownc,
and thoughtheydwelltwcnticmylcsthencc, yet they will rcfort to thefe memoriall-
Exequies , and beginning in the night will iing dolefull and funeral! fongs till day,
and then kill, as aforefaid, and make merrie. The hope of this, makech fuch as hauc
ftorc of friendcs to contemne death; and the want off iends to be waile him, makes a
man conceiuc a more dreadfiill apprchcnlion ofDeath,

Their conceit is forauifhed with fuperftition that many die of none other death Kin
, is the name ofvnlawfuU and prohibited meatc, which according to each kindreds de-

uotioHj to fome Family is fomc kinde of FiQi; to another, a Hen; to another, a Buffe ;
and fo of the reft : in which, they obferuc their vowed abftincnce fo ftri(ftly,that if any
fliould ( though at vnawarcs ) cateof his ^/«hec would die of conceit , alvMay
prefenting to his accufing confcicncc the breach ofhis vow, and the anger of
cMokjfo- Hec hath knowne diuerfe thus to hauc died , and fomctimes would , when
fomc of them had eaten with him , mike them beleeue , that they had
eaten of their Kin till hauing fported himfclfe with their fuperftitious agonic,
hec would affinric the contraric. They vfe tofctin their Fieldes, and places where
Come orFiuites grow, a Basket with Goats-hornes Parrats feathers, and other tralTi:
ThisisthecJWoi^J/aVEniigne, or token that it is commended to to his cuftodie; and
therefore thepcople very much addifted to theft, dare not meddle, or take any thing.
Likewife, if a man, weaned with his burthen, lay it dovvne in the high way,andknit.a
aknot of Grafle, and lay thereon; or leaiic any other note ( knowne to them) to tefti-
fie, that hec hath left it there in the name of his Idol, it is fecured from the lime-fingers
of any palTenger. Conceit would kill the man that flicfuld tranfgrefle in this kinde,

InthcBanza,orchicfeCitie, the chiefe IdoU is named Chekpke. Eueiy day they
hauc there a Market, and the Cheksks is brought forth by the Ganga,ot Prieft.to kccpc
good rule, and is fct in the Market place ,to preuent ftealing. Moreouci, the King hath
a Recoucrie of * ^^'' *» ^^^ ftrokcs whereof found fuch terror into the heart of the fcarefuU thecte,that
ftolne goods none dare keep any ftolnc goods after the found of that Bell. Our Author inhabited
in a litle Reed houfc, after the Loango maner,and had hanging by the wals, in a Cloth
calc,his Peece,wherwith he vfed to fhoot Fowles for the King,which ,more for loue of
the Cloth then for the Pcecc,was ftoln. Vpon complaint,th;s Bel(in formciike a Cow-
bell) was carried about and rung, with proclamation to make rel^itution; and hce had
his Peecethe next morning fet at his doore. The like another found , inabaggeof
Beads ofahundred pound wcight,ftolne from him,and recouered by the found of this
Bell.

Theyhaucadreadfulland deadly kind of triall in Controuerfies, afterthis manner
b Triall of fuf- ^ There is a little Tree, or Shurbbe, with a fmall Root (it i; called lml>Hnd.i) about the,
pedcdperfons. bigncffe of ones thumbe, halfs a foot long, like a white Carrot. Now when any lifteth
toaccufeaMan, or Family, or whole Street, of the death of any of hisfreinds, faying.
That fuch a man bewitched him, the Gnngti affembleth the iccu^A partics.and fcrapes
that Root.the fcrapings whereof he mixethwith water, which makes it as bitter as gal
(heetaftcdofit :) oneRootc will feruc for the triall of a hundred men. The Gangd
brcwcs the fame together in Gourds , and with Plantarne ftalkes hittcth cuery one,
after they hauc drunke.with certainc words.Thofc that hauc receiued the drinke,vvalke
by, till they can make Vrinc, and then they ate thereby freed. Others abide rilleyther
Vrinc frees them, or dizzinefTc takes them : vyhich the people no fooner perceiiic, but
they cry. ^wrftfi^f.'^w'^f^'jthat is, naughtie Witch randheeis no fooner fallen by his
dizztnefle, buttheyknockehimonthe head, and dragging him away, hiiric hira
cuertheCliffc.lDeuery Libertie they hauc fuch Tryals, which they makein cafesof
Theft, and Death of any perfon. Eucric weeke it f ds out that fome or other vndcrgoes
thisTryall,whichconfumeth multitudes of people.

There be certainc perfons called Dunda, which a'c borne of Ncgro-Parcnts , and
yet are, by fome vnknownccaufe,white.*They are very rare, and when fuch happen to
bee borne, they arc brought to the King , and become greatWitche?: They are his
Councellorsandaduifchimofluckic and vnluckie dayes for execution ofhis enter-
prifes. VVhen the King goes _any whither, the Dundas goe with him, andbeatcthe

ground



[



C H A F .lo . AFRICA. The feuenth 'Books, 701



ground round obout with ccrtaine Exorcifmcs, before the King (its downe , and then
fudowneby him. They will take any . tiling in the Market, none daring to ccncra-
diil them.

Kcnga is the landing place of Loanga. They haue there an Idoll called ^«/w^;r/,and
a holy Houfe , called Munfa Gftmbiri, kept and inhabited by an oldc woman; where
onceaycareisafolemneFcaft, which they celebrate with Drummes, Daunces and
Palme-wines : and then they fay he fpcaketh vnder the ground. The people call him
Mokiffa Cola, or a flrong ^c/^jfo, and fay. That he comes to ftay with Chekoke , the I-
dolloftheBanz3,Th3:C/7f/:oi^fisaNcgro-Im«ge, made, fitting onaftoole: ahttle
houfe is there made him : they annoint him with Toccelavihich is a rcdde colour made
of a certaine Wood^ ground on a ftonc, and mixed with water, wherewith they daily ^ Thisfeemeth
paintihcmfclucs, from the waftevpwards.cftecming it great beantie: otherwife they V^J'^^'^'l San-
account not themfelues readie. It isforlikepurpofc carried from hence to Angola. f/yth',tisUg.
Sometimes it fal< out, that fome Man or Boy is taken with fome fudden Snthufiafme, wood.
orrauiOiment-, bccomming madde, and making a whooping, and great clamours.

They call them Mekiffe- M o^uat ,ihzx. is, taken ofthecj^e^j^. They cloth them ve-
rie handfome, and whatfocucr they bid in that fit (for it lafteth not very long) they ex-
cctite as the Mokjffos charge.

Morumba is thirtic leagues Northwards from hence , in the rjMani Lan. Leattgo's
Dominion; where he liued nine moneths. There is a Houfcr, and in it a great Basket,
proportioned liketoaHiue, wherein is an Image called Morumba, whofe Religion
cxtcndcth farre. They arc fworne to this Religion at tenne or tweluc yearcs olde; but
for probation are firft put in a Houfe, where they haue hard diet , and muft be mute for
nine or tcnne dayes , an prouocation to fpcakc notwithftanding. Then doe they bring
him before MorumbAznA prefcribehim his Ktn,or perpetual abftincce from fome cer-
tainemeat. Theymakcacutinhisflioulderliketo an halfeMoone, and fprinkle the
blud at Aiorunibas feet, and fwcare him to that Religion. In the wound they put a ccr-
taine white powder, in token of his late admiffion ; which , fo long as it continueth,
doih priuiledge him to take his meat and drinke with whomfoeuer hecpleafeth, none -
denying him the fame , at free coft. They alfo haue their fatal! Tryals before this •
Image,where the accufedpartie kneeling downe, and clapfing the Hiue, h\ihMe»e
quefa cubamba tJHorumbci, fignifying: That hee comes thither to make triall of his in-
nocence; andifheebcegutltie, hee fals downe dead ; being free, hee is freed.
tAncLrevi) "S^zrir/? fayih hee knew fixe or feuen, in his being there, that made this
Tryall.

Beyond the Countrie of Loango are the Anz^igties «, the cruelleft Cannibals which c Od-Lopcd.i,
the Sunne looketh on. For in other places they cat their enemies,or their dead;but here "P-i-
they take and eat their Kinsfolkes and Countrey-folkes.They keep Shambles of Mans
flefli,as with vs of Beefc and Muttons. They eat their enemies : Their flaues (if cut out
they will yeeld them more in the fcuerall loynts, or Pceces, then to be fold aliue) they
kill.thoughitbebuttofauea halfc-penic. Some of them for wearinefle of life , and
fome (oh crueltic of vain-g;ory)cuen for valour of courage, in contempt of Death,
and cftecming it an honourable proofe of their fidclitie and manhoody will offer them-
leluestotheButchenc,asfaithfullas fubiefts vntotheirPrinces, of them to bee con-
fumed and eaten, that with their death, and after their death, they may doc them
feruice.

Thefe Anz,khi ftretch from Zaire to Nubia. They haue manie Mines of Cop-
per, and great quantitie of Sanders, reddeand gray; wherewith (mixed with the
Oyle of Palme- tree) they annoint themfelues. The Portugals temper it with Vi-
neger, for the healing of the French Pockcs : by the fmoake thereof they driuc •

away the head-ache. It is incredible , ot at leaft would fo fecme to vs , which
i^ff^reportcth. That they carrying their arrowes ( which are fhort and {lender,



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 137 of 181)