Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 138 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 138 of 181)
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of a very hard Wood) in the Bowc- hand, will fhoot off eight and twentic ( fo many
they holde at once) before the firft of them fall to ground; and with a fhort Hatchet^
with a fudden whirling themfelues about, breake the force of the enemies Arrowes,



Of LoangQ, the Jn:?:ichi, Giachtj isrc* C h a p . i o .

then Nations
in thefc parts
of Africa are
b Cap, 10.


and then hanging this Hatchet on their fhoulder,difcharge their ownc Arrowes.They
are ofgreatfimplicitie,loyaltie, and fidelitie, and the Portugals more truft them then
any otherflaues.They are yet fauage and beaftly.and there is no conucrfing with them:
but they bring flaucs of their owne Nation, and out of Nubia to Congo to fell j for
which they recarrie Salt, and Shels, which they vfe for Monic, Silkcs, Linncn,Glaflcs,
and fuch like.

They » circumcife thcmfclues, andbefidcs that, both men and women, both of the
Nobilitic and Comminaltie , from their childhood marke their faces with fundne fla-
flies made with a knife. I askcd(rayth'' Lopez,) ofthcirReligion, andit was told mec-
that they were Gentiles ; which was all 1 could learneof them. They worfhippe the
Sunne for the greatelt God, as though it were a man; and the Moonc next , as thouoh
it were a woman.Otherwife cuery man chufeth to himfelfe his ownc Idol) , and wor-
ftiips it after his ownepleafure. The >4»i./r^;':haue one King principall , which kath
many Princes vnder him

OfAmbus and Meders.Nortbcrne Regions, little befides the names isknownc,
Biaf jr is inhabited with people much addidled to Enchantments; Witchcrafts, and all
abhominable Sorceries.

of the Giacchi wchauc made often mention , and of their incurfions into Conoo.
Thefe.intheirownc Language, arc called fc^^;?^, as Lopez,i teflifieth, and liuc'on
both fides of Nilus , in the borders of the Empire of Mobenhe-Mugc. Theyvfeto
marke themfelues about the lippe, vpon their chcekes, with certaine lines which
they make with Iron luftrumcnts, and with fire. Moreouer , they haue a cuflomc to
turne their eye-liddes backwardes , fo that their blacke skinncs, white eyes, and cau-
tcrifed markes feemc to confpire a dreadfuU and gaftly deformitic in their faces. They
holdewarre with the «Amazones; and of lateycares haue inuadcd the neighbour
Nations. Their weapons arc Darts, their food humane flcfh, without all humanitie

Thus Lofez. reportcth by Reports. %Andrefo 'BdtteJi liucd ( by occafion of the Por-
tugals trcacherie) with the lagges a longer time then cner any Chriftian, or white man
had doncjnamcly (ixteene moneths : and ferued them with the Musket in their warrcs:
ncyther could Zopi'i. (faith hee) haue true intelligence whence they came. For the
Chrifliansatthat time had but vnccrtainc coniedures of them : neither afterhad the
Portugalles any conucrfing, butby way of commerce : but hee beeing betrayed,
as^vnuuc "^^^ flcdde to them for his life , and after, byftcalth cfcaped from them : the only Euro-
pean that cuer liucd in their Campe.

He fayth; they are called lagges by the Portugall , by themfelues Imbangolas, and
came from Sierra Liona : That they are evcecding deuourers of mans flcfli , for w' .ich,
they refufe Beefe and Goats, whereof they take plentie. Tbey haue no fetled habitati-
on, but wander in an vnfctled courfe. They rife in Harucft , and iiiuading fome C.t jni
trie, there flay as long as they find the Palmes, or other fuflficient mcancsofr. - nte.
nance, and then fceke new aducntures. For they neyther Plant or Sov.e, nor breedc
vp Cattell rand which is more ftrange, they nourifh vp none of their owne ch'-ldren,
although they haue tenne or twentie wiucsaman, of the propercft and comelieft
flaues they can take. But when they are in traucll^ they digge a hole in the Earth,
which prefently receiueth in that darke prifon of death, the new-borne Creature, not
yet made happie with thelight of life. Their rcafon is that they will not bee trou-
bled with education, nor in their flitting wanderings bee troubled with fuch cumber-
foitie burthens.
,fc,. , Once, a fecretprouidence both puniftieth the Fathers wickednefle, and preuen-

eAvmoiH are *^th a Viperous; Generation it that may bee a preuention where there is a luccel-
the children of fion without Generation i and as Tlwte e fayth of the E^cnt ; Geas aterna ejl in
Chnftiansta- quantmo ntifcitur. For of theconqucred Nations they preferue the boyes from tenne
kenfromthe to twentie yearcs of age, and bring them vp , as the hope of their fucccfTioB, like
Twke\he * Nfgro-^x.tmogli ^ ^ with Education fitting their Defignes. Thefe weare a Collar
fpawneoftheir about theirneckc , in token of flauerie , vntill they bring an Enemies head flaine, in
laAiiaiies. battailc, and tl^ea are they yn^ollared.frced and dignified with the Title ofSoldiours,


e Tbefe Araa-
zones ace (as
ued) doubted
ofinoiher pla-
ces : and Andr.
B(i«e//, which
nauelled neer
tothofe parts,
denieth this

Chap. io. AFRICA. Thefeuenth'Booke. foi

. Ifoneofthem runnesavvay.he is killed and eaten. So tbac hemmed in betwixt hope
and fc3re,they grow very tefolute and aduentrous, their Collars breeding fhame,dif"-
daine,and del^'crate furie,till they redeeme their you haiic heard. Elembe
the great lagge brought with him twelue thou (and ofthcfe crucll inonfters from Si-
erra Liona,and after much mifchicfc and fpoyle fctled himfelfe in Benguete.twelue de-
grees from the Line Southwards.and there breedech and groweth into a Nation. But
Kelandula,(omcu\r\c his page , proceeds in that beaftly life before mentioned, and the
peopleoff/fw/'f by great troupes vunne to him, and follow his Campe in hope of
fpoyle. They haue no Fetifl'o's, or Idols. The great lagge, or Prince, i^maficr of all The Sacrifices
their Ccrcmonies.and is a great Witch. 1 haue fecne this Kelandula (faith our Author) ^"c't "fthe"
Continue a Sacrifice from Sunne to Sunnc; the Rites wherofare thefe: Himfelfe fat on lagoes.
a ftoole in great Pompe,with a Cappc adorned with Peacocks feathers (whichfowles
in one countrey called ShelAmbMz.a^zxQ. found wilde.and in one place empaled,abouc
the graue of theKing.arefiftiekept andfeddeby an olde woman, and are called /«-
gtUa (JMckifo^thit iSjBirds of Mokiflb) Now about him thus fet , attended fortie or
fiftic women, each of them wearing continually a Zebras tayle in iheir handcs. There
Werealfo certainc Gangas.Priefts or Witches. Bchinde them were many with Drums
and Pipcs.and Pungas (certaine Inflruments made ot Elephants teeth, made hollow
ayardandhalfe,and withaholc]ikcaF!ute,which yeeldea lowde and harfh found,
that may be heard a mile off.) Thefe ftrikc,and found, and fing.and the women wcaua
(as is faid) till the Sunne be almoll downc. Then they bring forth a pot, which is fet
on the fire.with Leaues and Roots.and the water therein : and with a kindeofwhite
powder, the Witches or Cangas.fpot on the one cheekc, the other on
the other ; and likewife their foreheads, temples, breafis: fhouldcrs, and bellies, vfing
many inchanting tearmes,which are holden to be prayers for vicSorie. At Sunne- fet a
Gan^a brings his Ki(Tengula,orWarre-Hatchet, to the Prince (this weapon they vfe
to weare at their girdles] and putting the fame in his hand, biddes him be ftrong, their
God goes with him,and he iliall haue vitftorie. After this they bring him foure or fiue
Negros.of whichjWith a terrible countenance,the great lagge with his Hatchet kills
two,andothertwo are killed without the Fort. Likewife, fiue Kineare flaine within,
and other fiue without the Fort; and as many Goats, and as many Dogges, after the
famemanner. This is their Sacnficc,at the end whereof all the flefli is ma Feaft con-
fumed. y4Wrf)f£.?f?f//svas commanded to depart when the flaughter began, for their
DiuelljOr Mokiflb (as they faid) would then appeare and fpeake to them. This Sacri=
fice is called /u/f^^iPwAY; which [hey folemnize when they attempt any great enter-
prife.There were few left of theNaturall Iagges,but of this vnnaturall broode the pre-
fcnt fucceflion was raifed.

Now that we haue thus difcourfed of thefe former Nations, let vs take view of the
more in-land and Eafletlyborders,whichabutte on Congo : where we fliallfindethe
orcat Lake Aquilunda,which with her many Riucrs aforcfaid , watereth all that great
Countrey,a(rifl:ed therein by a farre greater Lake, called Zembre. great Mother, and
chiefe Ladie of the Waters in Africa. As for the Mountaines of the Moone, now cal-
led Toroa,there is a Lake called Gale, of no great quantitie, whence iflucth a Riuer,
named Camiffa, and by the Portugalls , the fweete Riucr, difemboquing at the t'alfe arme whereof had before entrcd the Sea (in 5 2.40 ) oOnfante p, one oCDim p Jo d'lBarm
hiscompanions,inthefirftDifcouerieofthofep3rts,calIed/»/W«rtf, becaufe he there nfc.i.l.f.c.^.
went firft on Land. ButfromthofeHillsoftheMoone,the LakewhenceNilus fprin- 0^'W*\:'''-
gethhathnohelpe. Neither are there two Lakes^Eaft and Weft, diftant from each o- ^' "^ liv"'"-'
ther about foure hundred and fiftie miles, as Ptolemey defcribeth; for then the one
fhould be in the confines of Congo and Angola, the other about Sofala and Mono-
motapa : where is found but one Lake (for Aquilunde is no tributarie to Nilus,)This
lake is betweene Angola and Monomotapa, and containeth in Diameter 195. miles.
There is indecde another Lake,which Nilus maketh in his courfe.but ftandeth North,
ward from the firft Lake Zembre, and not in Eaft or Weft parallel. Neither doth Ni-
lus (as fome affirme) hide it fclfe vndcr the ground,and after rife againe, but runnneth
through monftious and delartValleycSjWithout.any fctled channell, and where no


704 Of Loango^the An:i:ichifiiachi^O-c. Chap, 10;

pcopleinhabitcdjfromwhcncctlmfabulousopiniondidgrovv. This Lake isfitiiatc
ill tweluc degrees of Southerly latitude, and is compaflcd about Hke a Vault uith ex-
ceeding high Mountaines, the greateft whereof arc called Cafates.vpon the Eall ; and
iheHiUs ofSaUNitrum.and the Hills ofSilucr on another fide, and on the other fide
with diuerfe other Mountaines. The Riuer Nilus runneth Northwnrds many hundred
milcs,and then enteteth into another great Lake , which the Inhabitants doe call a
Sea. It is much bigger then the firft, and contayncth in breadth two hundred and
twenticmiles,righcvnderthcEquino(5tiall Line. Of this fccondLake, the Anzichi
giuecertaineand pctfc6l intelligence: for they traffique into thofe partes. And they
report.That in this feccnd Lake there is a people that fayleth in great Shippc8,andcan
write, and vfeth number, weight, and meafurc, which they haue not in the partes of
Congo ; that they bu:ld their houfcs with Lime and Stone , and for their fafliions and
qualities may bee compared with the Portugalls. This fecmeth to be in Goijmc,
(.^j, , Nvbere the AbalTineentitleth himfclfe King, and in his title (as s before you haue read) calls it the Fountaine ofNilus : which jiluares' alfo mentioneth , that Peter Cemlian
c.iiy faw. He affinnethThat there arelswcs about thofe partes, which perhaps arethe

people that the Anzichi fpeake of.

From this fecond LakeinGoiame,the Riuer which is there called Gihon, paflcth
through the Pretes Dominion to Meroc, and fo to Egypt, as clfewhcreis fliewed. In
thcfc two great Lakes are diuerfe Iflands,that we fpeake not of the Tritons, and other
1 know not what monfters, there reported to be found. The Lake Zembrcyceldeth
notNilus alone,butZaire,atarrcmore fpacious Riuer in widenes,3nd more violent in
iorcc then Ni!us,or any other Riuer in Africa, Europe or Afia, of which we latclv rela-
ted. And bcfidesherNorthcrncandWeftcrnc tributes, carried by thofe two Riuers
to the Mediterranean and Ocean Seas,fhc fendcth her great ftreams of Magnice,Coa-
ua,and Cuam3,into the inner or Eafterne Ocean,
f odLo}t\,l.i- Magnicef fpringingoutofZembrc, rcceiuethin his voyage to the Sea three otfier
c.?- Riucri;Nagoa,calledS^^Ar;/?(?/iA<m ; and Margues , which both fpring out of the

Mountaines of the the people there called Toroa ; the third is Arroe, which
befides his watcrs.payeth to A^<'/)t««,which ncyther needs nor heeds it,a great quan-
titieofgoldc,whichit\vafhethfrom the Mountaines ofMonomotapa (aCountrey
extending it felfc between Magnice and Cuama) whofe feuen mouthes fecke to fwal-
low vp many Iflands.which they holde in their jawcs, but through grcedincflc loofc
that which grecdinefl'e makes them fceke,not sb'e to fwallow fo great morfcls,which
C.Bot.Ben.part' therefore remaine and are inhabited with Pagans. Boterw faith, That this Riuer runs
i./.j. outofthat Lakc,agreatfpaceinoncchanncll, andthen is diuided into two; the one

calledi'pHi/^pw/o, running intothcSea,vndertheCapc Coucnti; the other Cuama,
rcceiueth the Riuers Panami Luangua, Arruia.Mangiono, Inadire,Ruina,and is failed
rnordthcn feuen hundred miles.

Coaua is alio a great Riuer. The Inhabitants within Land, about thcfe Riuers,are
(as you haue heard) Pagans and rude people. Let me now haue Icaue to conucy my
felfc downe this Riuer Coaua into the Ocean, and there take view of the many Tflands
with which nature hath adorned this African world, as with many Brooches ki. lewels
fetand hanged about the fringes of her garments: and firftlcaming what wee can of
the Iflands in and from the Rcddc Sea hither.wc will in fome Porte gall Carricke fayle
round about the African Coa(t,and acquaint you with what we ftiall fiiide worthieft
obferuation : and then not willing as yet to fet foot inLesbone, as weineete with the
FlectofSpainefaylingtothcNcw-foundworid, will pafle with them for further dif-
coueries. For,to goe into the Mediterranean , to difcouer the African Iflands there,
will fcarce be worth the while. To,hearc a little of thofe few may content vs.


Chap, i i . AFRICA. Thefeuenth'Booke, ^05

Chap. XI.

of the Sexsmdl(lands about Afrki : the aum'tent and moderne
O^feruatiofJs, Nattigatiom^and Difcouertes.

Ftcr this long and tedious iourncy ouer Land, where the fteepeand
fnowicMountaines.themyrieandvnholfome VaUies, the vnpaflabie
wildcrncfleSjfwifcriuers.ftiU lakes, thicke woods , and varietieofthc
Continent-obferuations, haue thus long whiledvs; let vs now, by a
fwiftercourfe take view of the African Seas, andthofe Iflands which
they hold alway befieged,but neucr conquer. In the firft place prcfents
itfeIfetoourDifcoucriethatSea,which feparateth (after the modernc reckoning) A-
frica and Alia afundcr. This is called the Redde Sea; which name (faith ^ PltKie) the ^ Vlm-Uciy,
Grecians call ErythritHm (this word fignifieth redde)and is afcribed by fome to a King
named ErythrM, (whom PoHeSus * and fome others thinke to be Efau or Edom,v^\\\c\\ "Pofl.Orir.
thelikefignificationofhisname fignifying -Ki?/:/^*, and habitation ntit very farrc di-
flant,makefomewhat probable) by others to the repercuflion of the Sunne-beames 5
by the colour of the Sand and Earth (in the bottome ;) and by others to the
nature ofthe Water it Ce\k.Selr,tHS^ affirmeth,itis called Erphr<tum,o{K\ng Erythrui, b Solin c./^i.
the fonne o^Terfew and Andromade. j3.n6. not onely ofthe colour.alledging ' Varro, c MVano.
ihatlearnedRoman, for his author: whoalfomentioneth a Fountaine on the fliore
thereofjwhichchangeththe colour ofthe fheepes fleeces which drinke there, into a
duskifh and darker colour, ^fr^^o'^citeththetcftimonieof A^ic^rcA^^ aiadOnhago- d Strab.l,i6i
r^,concerningthelfleTyrina,twothoufand furlongs from Catriiania, in which the
Sepulchre oiErythras is fhewed,being a great hill,planted with trees : and that he reig-
ned in thofe parts,aiid left his name thereunto : which they learned of MithrefaHet,
who flying from D^iWM*, had lined in that Ifland. 'BarriM': writeth. That ny^lfenfo e lo.dlBmos
Dalbaquercjue (ihat vi6loriousPortugall,who fubdued fo many Iflands, Seas,& Kino- Dec.iJM,c.u
domes to that Crowne) in a Letter to King £«;<i»«(f/affirmeth, That it may be called ^'•'^'^<'5«"''if-
the Redde Sea.ofccrtaine red fpots or flaines which are feenc therein : and when hec
entrcd into the Streits,he encountred a great vcine of redde water , extending it felfe
from Aden as farre as they could fee from the Ships tops. Thefe redde veines of water
theMoores afcribed to the ebbing sndflowing of that Sea. lohn diCaHrot (after- ^lojicajiro,
wards Viceroy of India) fayled to the bottome ofthe Stfeit,as farre as Suez^and much
laboured to finde the caufe,why it fhould be called the ti if f<^^f5r<?: there knowtion- ^ Thefrrip-
Ivbv the name ofthe Sea Mecca: and they maruelled much at our name Redde.Uc.ot '""° '^".
6rf/^4rexs/c(/'/« which writ the booke or this voyage, which my friend }A\Hak/uyt this Sea: but
communicated to me, faith that the colour of this Sea is as of other Seas, neyther is calls it, as T^-
there redde duft blown in by the winds : but the land generally on both fides is brown meL^ni lun.
and verydarke,asifit werefcorched, in fome places blackc, and in fome white: the tranfljte, ware
Sandsarebfordinary colour; onely in three places were certaine mountaincs with " £'^^"">°^ * -
veines of i^dde,which were hard Rocke. In many places the wanes fceme very redde careUorum ■'
by accident {but taking vp the water in a vcfleil.out ofthe Sea, it feemed cleerer and ofthe weeds
more cryftalline then that without the Streits. He caufed alfo fome to diue, which did plentifully
bring him out ofthe fandic bottome a redde matter, branched like Corall. In other growing ther-
placcs wnere were greene fpots in iheSea.weretaken outgieene branches: &whrrc '"•£*»^»°-'8«
the Sea was wbite,the fand there- vnder was very white: and though the depth in fome ^''
places amounted to twcntie fathom, yet thepuritie of the cryftalline waters caufed this
tranfparant colour. Ncere to Suachen he found moftofthofcfpots,andfrom thence to
Alcocer,the fpace of one hundred thirtie fixe leagues. The Sea in this ipace hath many
flKlues,the ground whcrofis coral ftone, of which one fort is red, the other very white,
i The white Sands in the bottom make it feeme white, the Ooze grecne, that Corally ' ^^ * °^ 'l'''
fubftance redde,which in that fpace was the mofl ofthe three. ^"i"' '^' l^mta,

Butnceterthebottom,towardsSuez,in agrcatlpacehe fawnone. Furtherwith- "'^"^'^/^•'■'•
out the Strait.hsfawfuch redde 'fpots or veines of water at Cape Fartach, as if Oxen wL'./.,o.c so.


yo6 Of the Seas and I lands about Jfiica J (^c. Chap,ii.

had bcene flai nc there.y et the water taken vp in a veflell feemed cleerc ; and he fuppo.
fed that this rednefle proceeded of the Whales bringing forth their young. Bamus
tnifliketh that conic(3ure,andthofe other of antiquitic, in fcarching the caufcofthis
name of Redde,and is of opinion.That the violent currents of the Tides , alTiftcd with
fomc tcmpeftuous windes,raife vp froJn the bottom that rcdde floore.whcrof we haue
fpoken,and C3ufc,by the motion of the fame vndcr the water,that rednefle in the vppcr
face therof : which is in more fpacious quantiiic neerc the Straits^wherc there is grea-
tcft force of the Tides ; and the threeds or ftraines of this rednefle are Icfl'e in the grea-
ter and more fpacious Sea-roome. ThePortugall PJots firft thought, that the windes
brought cut rcddcduft from the driefoile of Arabia, which no mans experience hath
k A.Corfdi. confirmed. Audred^ Corf.t/i, which lailed and warred vnder thePortugalls in thefc
'*'•*■ Seas^y^o. i5i6.f3ith,hcknowes not why icfhould be called redde, for the water is co-

Imircd as in other Seas : w hich feemeth to crofl'e the former reports : and may eythcr
beconftaicdof the watergcncrallynot difcoloured, or peihaps while he was there,
the tides and windes did not confpire fo at fome other times they doe,
acainit the ycelding and weaker foyle in the bottom thereof. Howcuer it be for this
rednefle, many deceiue thcmfelues in ftreitning this name to the Arabian Gulfe, which
1 LinJ.A^- the Ancients ' gauc vnto all the Seas from Egypt to India : and reckon the Pcrfian and
' Arabian Gulfcs.armes of the rcdde Sea. Yca.y-iryMwwj^ (not he that writ'" Alexander:
vtt life, vvho yet in the rcportof7\(Mrc^»j his voyage from Indus,to the Riucr Tigris, cals
yeb.Alcxan.1.9.^ .^ the Red Sea : but another of that n:mc) in his " Vertplai of the Srythraan Sea ; (tranf-
.;„^^ la ted and illuHrated with a large Commcntaric hyStfichitis^and fet forth by Ortehus ia

Omliif. a peculiar Map thereof) comprchendeth in the title of the Rcdde Sca.ajl from Arfinoe

TepidumR'i- 2ndE^ypt, ioMa\iCCZ,cxthcChcrfoKrJm aarca. Hauingnowcroubled you with the
bmiCitrm name,why,3nd how farre,the name cxtendcth : we n.ay view the Ilandstherin fituate:
^Sen'c T>ols ' vvhich if any would more fully know, Ice him rcade and Barritis, and the voy-
o nim i. Goes, age ofSeljmntj'BaJfa,!'^ ^S.vnto Difi,vi itten by " D(ir,itanfis in Latine, and by a Vc-
ef.Dio/if. netian in %amHjtus,vjho was prcfcnt in the aition.I muft but touch thcprincipall.
yuggiodiyn. Sues is nctre the beginning of the Sea, which fomc fuppofe to be that whichthe
^T^^n""/" ' Ancients call Arlinoe.aftcr others Heroam : here is the place where theTurke hath his
RmlftJt-i". ' Arfenall.and Gallics, forthofe Seas, the matter whereof is brought out of Caramania,
by Sca,by Nilus.and by Camels ouer Land the reft ofthc way, at incredible charges.
Hercinolde times was a channell which conueycd the waters of Nilus to this place,
where they had Cifternes to receiiie it; all deftroyed by the Mahumetans: andnow
the Inhabitants fetch the water,which they vfe.f xe miles off. Some thinke thnFha.
raoh was here drowned : which paflage others fet downe at Tor, where the Sea is
ftraitnedjSnd is not aboue nine miles ouer. It feemeth that the prints of the Chariot-
W'heeles,which Orofms P afiirmeth.fiill remained as teftimonics o{ Pharaohs ouerwhel-
p rtj • . -i • j^jpgyj^jgjjj^Qfc wanes, and could not by any induftrie of man bee done out, but by
the niightie hand of God were foone rcflored in the fame forme,arc not now theic to
be found : for they would foone end the controuerfie.

Altoi Gaberlwzs a Port hereaboutSjWhencei'd/flwjewfenthisNauictoOphir, and

^ ' Kf^ ti^8 after him /(/Eio/ii«f/&-ir, but notwith like fucceflc : which ( /o/i-p^a^f faith ),was 6ere-

f Lnantiq.ll.' nice.aotfarrcfromElana. Hteromecilhk Effia. D^.T^ee writes that Ezion Geber

was neerc Eloth, or E!an3,or litor,the Eaft end of the bay : the other which fomc call higher.

zAh'iho % Bernicetwas thePortoftheReddcSea, whercthelndian drugs and fpices in the

lime of theRoman Empire were vnladen and landed, to be carried thence to Alexan-

u ub.6.c.i%. dria,the whole courfe whereof PZ/w/Vdefcribeth. ^^^fA.irci/i^^'' reckoning diuers

X vhot.i',0. Etymologies of the Erythraan title,liketh beft of that which afcribcs it to cncErjithrM,

RiretMiam vvho fitftbuilt a fhipto failc in thofeSeas, altogether di fallowing that itfhouldbe fo

"• called of the colour. He hath written ftrange things of the people adioyning. He na-

meth foure forts of Ethiopians.according to their dwelling neerc the riuers, or lakes,

or fca-coaft,or wandring.Thofe on the Sca-coaft he faith liuc altogether on fifh,whi;h

the tide brings vp,andleaucs on the boliovv places or plaflics neerethe fhore : which

they caft vpon hot rockes, which caufe the fifliic fubllance to fall from the bones ; this


C H A P.12 i AFRICA. The feuenth ISodke'o ^o-p

they treadc with their feetcmixing the feede of P3liiirus,and then rrake cakes thereof;
which they drie in the Siinne,and eate all in common : and on the fife day go to diinke,
layin" their mouthes to the water like Oxen, and fuppcin as much as their skinnes
Will holde,not able fcarfe to breathe J nor eating any thing one day after. Some of
thofelchthyophagi orFifh-eaters,whichhaue{torcof this prouifion content them-
felues with the moyfture of their diet,and drinke not at ail. Some of them feerae fiib-
jefttoanapathic, notof Stoikes.but offtockes, not fhunningor coniplayning for
blowes or wrongs. But me thinkes I fee my Reader haue fenl'e , and make complainc
of wrong done h;m in thefc Relations : and«hercforc will referre them that will^to our
Author tiimfelfe. ■ ■• v -

Den lohn di C^Hra can better acquaint vs with the later, then Jgatharchides with "•'*'">''
theAncientState. Heafcribethto7«ro,whichhc maketh the fame with Elammi%.
■J.degfees. They areChriftians.and haue a Grecian Monafterie. Hce reporteihthc
Moorcs tradition.that Afofes fmote the Sea tweluc times,and thereby opened twclue

Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 138 of 181)