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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 139 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 139 of 181)
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pathcs for the tfraclitcs : fixe hundred thoufand Egyptians were drowned : the levves
aniued where Toro now is. At Bohalel Xame they found a Tombe within a houfc like
a Chappell,vvhere was hanging a banner offilke, and many arrowes or darts round a-
boutthcgr'auc.-at the head of the graue was a Table with an Epitaph , teftifying
that there lay buried one of tJHahomets kindred : and great indulgence was
graunted to fuch dcuout Pilgrims as to that place reforced. But the Portugalles
burnt it.

Hieroyiimo q da SnnEts Stfphiifio,Yehtcth his voyage fromi Cairo in fifteene daycs to ^-^^^P ^'^i^uf'
Cariz,nnd a good part called Canc,finding many buildings and Temples ruined by the
Vvay : feuen daies iourney they went from hence by land to Colir a hauen of the Redde
Sea. Trocopii^ faith, that this Sea is boyftcrons and rough in the day time, and Vwcoj/.debel
calme in the night: that lotabis one thoui'and furlongs from Aila, was an Ifland o( Per/.
]cwes : of which he mentions among the Homcrite Arabians (as dozlsljCefherHs, Tn-
<!/f/f»7/;/,and'L^«79Wrf«»«>alfo) which he extendcih alongft the Sea : and addeth tC
them many other Nations and CMan-eattng Sar.icer.s. What the portugaljs haue
donclnthckSezs, Barrini,Marmi!li(ts,Ofor/us,M^fa!if,rehte. 'i<[onius (^ugHa in his Non.cug.apRC'
Letter to the King, declares that v^/?.one thoufand fiue hundred and thirtie, they took f'^""-
Surrate, other pecccs of Cambaia, and many Indian Shippes , and chafed away the
Turkes Nauic which befieged Aden, and brought the King of Aden to pay yearely
tribute ten thoufand Seraffins, But the Turkes after obtained it.

The length ofthis Arabian gulfcr^ofero reckons one thoufand and two hundred '^ C.B.B.
milcs.inbredth one hundred for the moft part. Comito Fenetiang'm Ramhfttis,iwh, it comtto.Venci.
flccounteth one thoufand and foure hundred in lengthjin breadth two hundred, and in Kamu(.part,i.
fome places more i fofullofn-iolds,thatifthey keepcnot the channel! in the middefl, fol.ij^.
there is no fayling but by day-light. Outwards bound, theykecpe the middle, and
haue Pilots for that purpofe ; homewards they haue other Pilots which d'neA the fhip
within the {hallowes: andare taken in at Babelmandelj called by i Piekmey , Infula CTtoLU-ci^
"Uiodort.an lie in the entrie or ftrait of the gulfe, which Strabo laith, the ancient Kings
ofEgypt chained to keepe the paflagc. Zidem is twelue leagues from Mecca, where
the Shippes haue vfedto vnladc their Spiceries, as before at Berenice: without this
to wne is a Mof chec,which the Moors fay is the Sepulchre oiEua. Their water is raioe
water,referued in Cifternes.

PafTingby theIfleMehun,theineCamaranis famous by the diueis fpoylcs there
made by the Portugalls : it is in fifteene degrees. This Ifland (faith Cor(,ili) is the ho-
teft place that euer I faw: not oneofvs , but had our fecret partes chafed and flayed
with heate : and many of our companie died. Dalaqua ii an Hand wnere they gather
pearles one hundrcdfiue and twentie leagues long.tweluc broad : it is the name alfo of
theMetropolitanCitic. Betweeneitand Alcx.( faith >4/o//;»/ in the relation ofC<j-
Uros voyage) are fiue HandsjOnc of which is called Xamoa,the land of which is redde,
the King a Moore. Suachen is the bcft harbour in all the gulfe , which the Turkes
hauecakcn from the AbilTine: it ftands in ninetcenc degrees, and a third. Mazz.ua is
an Ifland vvhich makes Ercocco a good Hauen. But of the Hauen and Ports on

P p p both



7o8



Of the iflands of Africa ^<ijrc.



Chap.12,






e UfScalig,
Can If.

PoJl.de Or'ig.



i R Xoucrte.



h Vio.Sic.l.i-
c.\i,

i Ramufpart.i.
by Orteli' map
ot'Am.mi{iPe.
r'lfhu lamboli
ir.fitU feemeth
Itiaa. maior.



k S'tf'I^om.
Motes l^te[iia,
paining a cou-
trey and com-
mon-wealth in
manflertoo
good to be
true.

WUt.deRepnb.
L.SmhC.I.h.



m A.cmf:di_
let.i.vm at
Soquoters,
Ann.i<ji6.
Non.Ciigaa.

n Maginin.



both fides the Gulfe,B<im«*crclateth more largely. Of the lies Achafas and Tuicce
we hauc but names : likewife ofothcrs ; whereof Prp/if«»(7<i doth number a great mul-
titude. The people ofthcfe parts are Mahumetans,and many Badumi , Hereticall and
thceuifh Morres.Many lewes are in Adem, the chiefc Townc of merchandife in thcfc
partsuhe King whcrof'(aftcr much kind gratulati6)5o/«w<iK "BajfA hung vp at the yards
armc: and at his returnc dealt the like dole to the King of Zibit, ?ubie(3mg their
States vndcr treacherous pretences to his great Mafter. Scahger « tells of Samaritans
dwelling in an Hand of the Red Sea, which, when any man landed there,would religi-
oufly forbid to touch them : but we haue before mentioned both them and their let-
terSjfuppofed the moft auncient in the world , howfoeuer FeHetfm calleth the prefent
Hebrew letters etcrnall, and faith, that the Law was written in them : but that they
were facred.and not publikely knowne till the time of Ez.ra , who excommunicated
the Samaritans and their letters , firft publishing (not inuenting) thofc which now
are in vfe.

The Afcenfion f afcended into the Red Sca,^«.x <$o8.to Moha, which is a Citie of
great trade. And Jk. 1 6 1 2.diuers s Englifli fliips were together in the fame fea.where
thcyfomewhataucnged themfelucs for fuch wrongs as by the Turkes and Mogolls,
or Mogors,hadbcene formerly offered them.

In the Ocean without the ftrait,neare to the African fhore, are not many Hands men-
tioned by the Ancients. y^m<f»/*r in his/' fnp/«<fpeakes of feuen Hands, called Pjr**-
lae» : and of another great Hand neare to them, called Ademthefias ax Menmhias , now
called Aiadagafcar^zn(\ S.LanreHce : fome take it for the Hand oi lambolni , whereof
'Diodorus ^ hath largely related,and 'R^amufiHs ' hath difcourfed thereon : other fcek for
that Hand in Somatra. That lamholus was a Merchant , which trading in Arabia for
fpiccSj was taken by theeues.and made a fhcphca rd : after carried away by Ethiopians,
who tookc thefc forrainers according to their rites, to expiate their Countrie.For they
wereenioyiied by Oracle to make fuch expiation once in doo.yeares , with two men
that were forrainers. For the fulfilling wherof they were put in a Boat, fit for two men,
with fixe moneths viduall : and commanded to faiIeSouthwards,& they fliculd come
to a happy lland,\vhere the men liued a blcfled life. And ifthey came fafe thither, their
Countrie fhouJd enioy profperitie 6oo.yearcs : ifthey turned back, they fhould bring
vpon them much trouble. The Ethiopians meanc while kept holy-daye's, and offered
Sacrifices for their good voyage,which m foure months they atch eued : and were ex-
ceeding courteoufly vfed and entertained of the Handers. Thefe were foure cubites
higher then other men, very nimble and ftrong. The reports of this his voyage fa«
uourmore ofan'' 'L';o^;<«,and/'/^roVi Common-wealth, then of true Hiftorie.Yet isic
thought (as Ramujius difcourfeth) not altogether fabulous,but that he was indeedc in
fome remoteHand.tow])ich he applied fuch fancies, as Diodorus reporteth. To leaue
there theccrtaine fidions and vncertain coniedures of Antiquitic : and come to mo e
certaine relations ; the onely Hand of name without the ftreit is ,Socotera, in i j.dc-
grees ; of which we haue fpoken largely alreadie,fpcaking of the Hands of Afia : yet if
any will fuffcr vs to remember it againe amongft thefc of Africa ( for it Hes betweenc
both) we may here mention whatothcrs.and fomewhat otherwife,haue related. i" rf»»-
*«.f calls it Zacotora,and affirmeth that the Sands on the tops of the high hills therein
haue no exemption from the windcs : that the people are Neftorian Chriftians.which
obferue the Crofle with much deuotion,otherwifc wanting Chriftian both baptifme
and doftrine,and are circumcifed : that the Moorcs fay it belonged to the Amazons,
in tcftimonie whcrofthe women ftill weare the breeches, and gouerne amongft them.
CorfttU •" thinks it vnknowne to PteUmte (which others fuppofe to be his Infula Dief-
con^tf) he faithjthat it was inhabited of Chriftian fliephcards, which liued onMilke,
and butter : their bread was of Datcs;like to the people oi Prefer lobn, but their haire
was longer.clothed with one onely peeceofcloth about their priuities : the land bar-
ren,as in all Arabia Fa?//.v,and the Sea-coafts gouerned by the Arabians. Hence com-
meth and is named the tyiUe Sacotrina ". They arc lacobitesfind haue Churches with
Mtars,& obferue the Crofle with great reuerencc : they enter not their Churches, but
ftand in the Churchyard or Porch. Their -r^^»»<»,or Prieft, rulcth them. OtberGo-

iiernouc



Ch A P.I/. AFRICA. Thefeuenth 'Booke. 709

ucrnourthcy haue none of cheir owne. The Portugalls hauc twoTowries therc^Coro

and Benin. They ^ hold opinion thac S.ThemM here fuffered fliipwrackc : and that of k Pory before

his {hip was built an aiincientChurcn, which is yet to be fecne, walled about with lco,cap.de ja^

three partitions,and three doores.They line for the moft part in cabbins of boughs, or /"'***

in caues : their women are as good fouldters as the men. They arc mueh addided to

Magicke,and bring to parte matters incredible, although the BiHiop excommunicate

fuch asvfe it. They will with contrariewindehindermcn that indamage them, from

fayling away .Conceited they are exceedingly of their own cxcellence.Two fmall lies

lie to the North of Socotcra.called the two /iHers : the inhabitants of an Oliue colour,

without law among themfclucs.or commerce with others. There' are aifothofe two 1 M.PohJ.'^.

Iles,theoneofmcn,tbeotherofwomen,whichwee mentioned m our fift booke', a op 33.34 •5''-

matter, how true I know not,but very ftrangc. They are Chriftians, fubied to the Bi- ""'•

fhop of Socotera.and he to the Zatoia in Bak'ach. pagui^l^'

Many other Hands there be of no great name in that Sea, called Sinm Barbarictu :
tis oi1>o»Garcia,ihcibrcc3ndthclcucnhrcth}:cnof S.Brafidon.S.FrafjcisyMafcartft-'
Kit, Do 7v(^^f<«/,Co>»oro,and many other: befidesthofeof ^</yo<i. (JVtafambt^ue , and
lome other for their Vicinitie to the Land before handled. Thelflc^of S'. Ldwrwr^ „ Maiimu.
(fo called by the Portugalls; by themfelues.Madagafcar) is meett ft in all thofc parts,
to entertaine the Readers obferuation,as being one of the greateft Hand, ofthe world.
Itcontaynethin breadthfonre hundred and fourefcore miles, m length a thouland
andtwohundred,incompa{refourethoufandmiles.(J^."T(?/i»faith,thc Inhabitants „ Oi.Polo.lv
were Saracens.and were goucrnedvnderfoureLords.eate Camels flcfli^vfeMerchan- w/1.35.
difeorArts. Thus farre did the great ^-«» flretch his Tartarian Dominion: and fent
hither to fpie the Land. That which fc/o faith, he heard of a bird in this Hand, called
/J«c/;,fobigge as it could take vp an Elcphant,hath no hkclyhood of truth. He calls it
Magafcar. Itisfituatefromfeuentecnetofixeand twentici. of Southerly oLatitudc. o MaffensUli^
Onely vpon the coaft they are Mahumetans: within Land Idolaters, blacke, and like i»d.l.}.
theCafres:thefoyleyeeldethCloues,Ginger,andSiIucr. Itdeferucth to haue better
jDhabitants,ifLi«/c^orf« Piudge rightly , hauing many faire and frcfli Riuers, fafe p thif,htt'.l.i.
harbors.plentie of fruites and cartel! : therein are fourc gouernments, each fighting a- c,-i<y- l.i.
gainft other. They vfc not themfelues to trade with others , nor fuffcr others to traf- Paludanm.
fique with them.Thc Portugalls haue fome trade with them, but goe not on land. la
the firft difcouerieofthem by 1 the Portugalls, I )C6. they fliewed themfelues inhcf- q O[orj.^.
pitall and treacherous, rewarding recciued kindenefle in their Canoas or Boats, made
cfthcbodieofatree.withfhot. There r arc faid to be fome white pcoplc.fuppofed to „. „• f ,.
beofChinianoft.fprmg. covgoM-c.^.

Ofthe people of Madagafcar the Hollanders <" rcport.that they are of colour black, f De Bry.^art.p
ftrong.and Well made: they couer their priuities with Cotton: they haue large holes ]n^<Or.
in their cares, in which they wearc round iVickcs.Thcy acknowledge one Creator.and
obferue Circumcifion,but know nothing ofpraying or keeping Fcftiuals. They hauc
nopropernames, whereby to diftinguifh one day from another : ncyther doe they
number WeekeSjMoneths, or Ycares. Nor doc they number aboue tcnnc. Thcyaie
exceedingly afraid ofthe Diuell (whom they call Tamuaddit) becaufe he vfeth often
toaflfliilthem. They liucmoft-what on fifhing. They marrie but one wife; their time
ofmarriageis, forthemenattwelucjthe womenat tenyeares of age. Adultcric and
Theftarepunifhed with death. The men vferohunt abroad, the women fpinne their
Cottons at home, whereof they haue trees yeclding plcntic. I f any man kill any of his
Kinc,allhis Neighbours may challenge part. CorneltHs Houtmafii'sUh they are fwcet^
fpokenmen. TheyhaueakindeofBeanes or Lobos growing on trees, theCodde
whereof is two foote long. They haue a kindc of feede.whcreof a little makes foolifli,
a greater quantitie kills : herewith they betrayed and killed threefcore and eight Hol-
landerSjWith their Captainc.

In S. A/<»r;V,anlIand by Madagafcar,they met with the King, which was obfenied
of his fubieds with great reuerence.Here they buried one of their dead men, the Ihn-
ders being prefcnt,who (ignificd by (ignes that his foule was gone to heauen& would
haue bad them to cut o.ff hij legs by the knees. The He of Ccrnc,ihey called Maurice

Ppp 2 Hand.



y ) o Of the ijtands of Africa ^zsrc. C H a p.U,



Ifland. They found excellent Eben trees tbcre,thc wood whereof is asblacke apitch,
andasfmoothasluorie.inclofedwithathickebarkc. They found of the fame kindc
fomerecJde.fomeyelow.There were Palme-trees like the Cocos. They found flore of
birds.whereofthey might take fome in their nefts with their handcs. There were no

S.Ed.Mich.- people inhabiting. InthelfleofBataourmen killed a Batte as great as a Hare, in
fhapclike aSquirrilI,with two flaps ofskinne, which he fpread forth when he leaped
from tree to tree.which they can doe nin)bly,oftcn holding only by their tailes.
More wonderfuU is that which others of our countrey-mcn obferued at Sumbrero,

S.la- Unc*fier, which was a twigge vpon the Sands by the Sea fide^growing vp to a yong treerwhich
when they offered topluckevp,itflirunkedowne into the ground, and finkethin, ex-
cept one pull very hard.Whcn they had pulled it vp,they found a great w^orme to be the
roote thereof And looke how the tree groweth in greatneffe, fo the worme dicth and
wafteth. It taketh the fitfl growth out ofthc mouth ofi he worme, and is butafmall
twiggc,yet full of greene leaues as bigge as a Bay leafe. This worme by degrees turnes
wholly into th^ tree.and then it rooteth in the ground, and becommcth great. Thus
you fee one Retrograde f om a fenfitiue to a vegitatiue life : another no lefle admirable
vnto a ftonie torpiditie they obferued in the fame plant. For plucking vp the tree when
it is littlc,andftrippingoff'thc leaues and barkc, as it dried itturned into a hardftonc,
like white Coral.Lo here a double Metamorphofis.They brought home many of them.
Thepeoplearetawnie,& naked : they paint their faces.Thcir Priefts in their facrifice
wcarc apparell fo clofc as if it were lowed to them.and homes on their heads.turning
backc,with a taile hanging downe behinde : becaufe the Diuell,(ay they, fo appeareth
to them. Their faces alfo and haire were grecne,blackc,and yellow. The Hollanders
. ^ in the Bay o^ay^nton Gtl Southwards from Madafcar in fixteene degrees faw the King,

HiiU-Niiu.x<9S. jjjj^^jjg ofhew, wearing two homes on his head, and many chaines or bracelets of
braffe on his armes. This place is fertile.thc people valiant.
GSBdl ^" ^^^ channell between the firme land and Madagafcar,are many Tlands^ great and

Jfile. fmall,all inhabited by Mahumetans : the chiefe of which is S.^/»r/f?«pW,more North-

wards againft Mombaza.and Melindc,are three Ilands,Momfid,Zan7ibar,& Pemba :

u M.Pal.\.j. inhabited with Mahumetans of white colour. ]n the time of^^." /'#/<?, Zcnzibar was

C.36. Hcathenifli. The Inhabitants,hcfaith,very groffe and deformed, and likcwife the wo-

mcn.Neare the Cape ofGood hope are the Ifles oiDen Aluarei^zn^ TriBan d'j^cttuu-
ha : but.of no great note. The decpencflc of thefe Seas, make them vncapable of ma-
nie Iflands.



Chap. X II.

OftJje iftands efAfrtca,fremthe Cafehithemeards.

^^,^^^ N this fide the Cape vis the Hand of S.H<r^«<i, in 16. degrees and ^. of
y Uf0)i>t.l\, i^i^J^^Xv Southerly latitude.lt is very high and hiJly: the name was giucn of the
pln.x,c utt. r 1^^^ H Saint.on wnole day it was dilcouered.lt hath lu it Itore ot goats,nogs,
Ik^STT^^ 13 ^^^^ gj^ J other creatures, which the Portugalh baue there left to mul-
tiply : for before there was none of them : there alio they haue planted
Fig ,Oranges,Limons,and fuch like.whcreof the Vallics are full ; that
it feemeth an earthly Paradife, the fruit growing all the yearelong. They haue great
ftore of Fifbjof which with crooked nayles they take great plentie : the Rocks yeeldc
fait for the furthering of their prouifion. It feemcsGod hath planted it in conuenient
place,for the long and dangerous Indian Nauig?tions.There the Portugals leaue their
ficke.which (tay till other (hips come the next y eare to take them.It was neuer inhabi-
ted :onely an Hcremite dwelt therc.whovnder pretence of mortifyinghisflefli by pe-
nance.butchered the flefh of the Goats & Buckcs io fall for their skins , that the King
fcnt for him homc,and will fuffer none to dwell there. Ahaham Kendallput in there a-
bout the ycare 1 591 .and left on ftiore one Segar a ficke man, whom » EdmHfid barker
t ^/f'/f \^'" cightecne months after found there in good plight 5 but their vnexpefted coniming,as




C H A p. I i- Africa. The feuenth (Eooke. 71 ^



icfecmeth, forauifhcdhis wcakefpirits withioy, tliatitdiftracScdhim, andbeingo-

thcrwifcof bodily conftitution very well, hcc died eight dayes after. The like Iliauc.

readof aPortugallinthcfamcplacc. North-weft from hence are the lies of J/cck/i.

c», not inhabited. Of Loanda,nigh to, orrathera pccce of Congo, is alrcadie fpo-

ken. OueragainftthcCipe of L<;/?o (jowp///?/, isthcllerof Nobonjandnotfarfrom

thence » Saint ThomM^an hundred and fourcfcorc miles firom the fliore, and fo much °,^.j!'J'''i'^^^

alfoincompaflcjrightvndertheline. Atthefirlidifcoucric it wasawood : now in- yi,{Jc"jiamlr.

habited by Portugalls and Ncgro*s. Thcfc liuc an hundred and ten ycares: but few p^ij.uc,

borne in Europe exceed fiftie. It is ynwholefomc, through exceeding hcate.vnto Eu-

roDzans cfpeciallv, which in Decemler, Iamiitry,3nd Fdrnary \ can fcarcely waike ^' J'l= wmdes

vp and downe for faintncflc. I n the rr.iddeli is a wooddie Mountainc, continually o- ^^^^^ ycki^a^

ucrniadowed with a thickc cloud, which fo moiUens the Trees thst grow in great a- them, arc tlicir

bundance thereon, that from hence droppeth water fufficicnt for the watering of all by Nacurc im.

their fields of Sugar-Canes. They hauc thrccfcorcand tcningeniosor Sugar-houfe?, pnfoncdin

cachofwhichhathtwoorthrcchundrcdflaucsbeionging thereto. ihcirhomcs.

They grind the Canes and boilc the iuyce tojmake it into Sugar; but by no meancs
can they make it fo white hcere, as in Madera and other places. The rcfufe of their
Canesthey giuc to theirHoggcsj which arc hecre very many, fat, and delicate as the
flefli of a Hcnne. They are Ibmc yeares exceedingly plagued with Ants,and alfowith
Rats. White men which liue there are vifited two houres in cucry eight or ten daycs
with an a^uc, but firangers hauc more fhrewdc entertainment, and fcarcely in twenty
daycs, with great care, can fliakc oft" this Shjker. Thcchiefc CitieitPouoafon, an
EpifcopallSea. The Negros workc fix dayes for their Mafters, and the feuenth day
for themfelucs in fetting and planting their l'ecds,fiuits, and.prouifion. . Wheate heere
fowne.bccommeth allbjadc.without ripening any corne. No fruit which hath a ftonc
in it will hcere profper. The Towne which hath about feucn hundred Families,and the
Cattle, was taken by the Hollanders, I ^9p. .

The lie 2>#/?r/wc//)*<:, was fo called, bccaufc the reucnnucs thereof were in times ^ Haa. .V<?«/£.
paft allowed to the Prince of Portugall. It (Undeth in three degrees of Northerly La-
titude, lulian C/ir>v6*^#»tooke the fame, one thoul'aud fiue hundred fourcfcore and
Cightecnc. The lies <' of Saint (JM^ittthew,S<tnta Cr*c„ Saint Paul, ztidCenceptien d Vid-Stmih
_yeeld fmall luattcr of Hiftorie. Next to Cape rerJe ftand fcuen Iflands, full of Birds, '-■l'-'I"F'>-
emptic of Inhabitants, called "Sfir^rfcrwr. But thofe that arc called the lies of Cape
Verde zrc nine, fituatebetwecne the Greene and White Capes : LtKfchoten reckons
ten. They were firft difcoucrcd by AntoMj di Nellt, a Genoway.a thoufand fourc hun-
dred and tortie. None of them are inhabited, but the lies of /rfgu.and DdFogothoth.
■which were taken, one thoufand fiue hundred fourefcore and fixteene.by Sir iAnthsnj
e Siyerlj : who had one night fhowre of Arties f^om that Ifland of Fogo orFuego, or « 5ir Ant.Sher;
of Fire, (o called, becaufc it contianually burneth,v;hich fell fo thicke on their fliippej ^^ ^•"""■i-
that you might write your name with your hngcrvpon the vpperdecKc. Saint lago
•wastsken and burnt by Sir Francu f 1)ra(ie,one thoulatid fiue hundred fourfcoreand f SitFmtKii
fiue. 5r4.'</! and Ba^M'fFii?-*, hauc braoer and ooodlicr names then Nature. O^-faio J^yalic.
yeeld falttn aLakc of twoleaguej!ong,thc Sunnccongcaling and turning the wa,,
ters into fait. FromthenceispaffedintotheScajCallcd 5dr^rf]/i g, bccaufe it iscouc- z.tmfcat.iuri
red with herbes, like to the herbe Sarg/iffa \n the Portugall Wells, not vnlike to Sam- y'i, .^ ^
fer^ yellow of colour, with emptie berries like Goofcperries : which bcginneth at yvith it in lav
twcntie degrees, and contmucth till thirttefouref<»rrcoffin theSea:forthe rtiippes in lingtoBcrmu'
their going to India keeping neere the fhorcmeete not withany. The Sea feemcth as £ias,as Maftcr
a ercene field, fo thicke tlut a man cannot fee the watcr.and hmdreth the fliippes paf-^ EiiV'.J' toia mc,
~° L u A • J " andto the ln-

fage,exceptthcyhaueartro^gevvlnde. .•••■'. dies alfoUh-

The Coail of Africa is toure hund ed, miles diflant, neither is any Hand r.ecre; faue haUandWeft.
thatthefc weedcslcemc to make many \\zo6.s.'T\\Visdoc men in fl^.'^^ts heboldthewon^ ■ ■.

dest of the Lord in the dec pe, no Lind being nigh, nor no ground to bccfoimd, aU
though it is thought to come from the ground. And indcede , all thofc Seas arc
iuUof wonders, as they oaflcalorig the Coaft toward thcliidies. Ihomas "^ Steuenj ^ T^^i-SteueUfi

rpp 3 comolai- ^ ■*



7'2



Of the Hands of Africa ^ zjrc



Chap.H.



k Lenjna.in



i Nau.all'Is dl
S.Thome.



k PAeLVeton.
Util^.fiirt.i.
I A.'Cheuct.c.^.
Stutttto 1 1.



m Canaric.
birds.

iiG.B.B.f/ii'i.T.
Vnl.x.

Sar.Dec.iJ.t.
o ^. G.tluano.
Difcoueries.
LuysOrda, An-

affailed Go-
mera, butin
Vaine.

And 1595. the
Spaniards
committed
great Ipoiles
in this Hand.
Defirip. Canar.
<?. CalHcioncm.



complaineth of the continuall thunders, lightnings, and vnholcfome raincs which
there they met: the raine water, ifitftand a little, conucrting prcfentjy to Wormcs,
and filling the meat, hanged vp, with wormcs. An herbc alfo fwamme vpon the face
of the wateis like a Cockes-combe, fo vencmousthat it can fcarcebc touched with,
out perili; Fifhes.called Sharlc^s.moft raucnous deuourers, which had other fix or fe-
uen fmaller fifties, garded with blew and greene, attending like Seruing-mcn. Fifties
alfo (asbigge as a Herring ) with wings which doe not fo much helpc them by flying
to efcapc another greater fifti that purfueth them by Sea, as endanger them to a Sea-
Fowle, which waits that opportunitie. Neither can it flic high or farrc, or longer then
the wings arc wet : nor fwimmc faft, hauing exchanged finnes for wings. So hauc I
fcenc men thriuc worfc that haiie two trades,than (uch as hauc been skilfull and thrit.
tie in one. LeriM ^ addcth the like wonder of certainc Birds,fotame that they would
light vpon the Hatches, and fuftcr thcmfelues to be taken. Thefc arc the fame Birds
which purfue thofe flying fiftics,wifer to hunt them, than to fauc themfelue$:as bigge
as Crowes in feathers, in flcfti little bigger than a Sparrow,and farre leflc than the fifti
which they take and dcuourc.

Thefe Seas are alfo fubieft to great and tedious calmes, which not only hinder the
Voyages, but end the hues of many. giouan»i da Smfoli faith, in his returneoutof
India, they were heere detained foure and fiftiedaies, in which they fcarce iailcd a-



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 139 of 181)