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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 14 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 14 of 181)
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pTe'iaraiM. rofnsi.ChMxzn Prieft.which lined in the time of Alexander. Tol^hinoy^dicth out
£ 1^, oiRerofus his fir{i bookc this report of himfelfe ; and Tatiaum i faith he was the Prieft

g orof-Us.t.^ oi'Bel;is,and wrote his Chaidxan Itorie to -^aticchus, the thnd zheTSeleficus^m three
h Poiyhifl m bookes. His name by Stalgers interpretation fignifieth the fonne oiOfee.
TratllnMaviid •^''"'•^-fraignedtbcfpaceoftcnne San (Sams with them is three thoufand fixe
Scalig. hundred yearcs) ALjpartts three Sttri ; Amtlns thirtccnc Sart ; Amemts twelue ; Me-

^^/<:jrwcighteene; Drforw/tcnnc; t/Edorachusz\^izt\\z; Am^hisxcnvK^; Otiartet
eight; A';.v/.'r/;>-«/eighteene:inhistimc,asis faid bcfore,the floud happened. The
w hole fpacc is an hundred and twcntic 5rfr/,which amounteth to foure hundred thir-
tie two thoufand yeares. This I thought not vnfit (although incredible) to report
from Berofus, boih becaufe iry fcope is to declare as well falfeas true Religions(it be-
ing notTheologicall but Hirtoricall,or rather HiltoricallyThcologicall^'andbccaufc
the \ncicms,Cicero,La^h»t)tis,Aiig!^JIj»e,hzue mentioned this monftrous Compu-
tation ofthe Chaidxan Kalendar,which yet they rack higherto foure hundred thrcc-
fcorc and ten thoufand yeates. Here you haue the particulars out o( Apolladorus and
yll^idcnus, which both borrowed them oiBcrefusy-PolyhiJlor addeth,That there came
fc ^"■f^'nTi'n one out ofthe red Sea, called 0<r»»f/ and Annedotns a Monfler (otherwhere like a
chton.nr.Lujch. fifli.his head/cet and hands 1 keaman, asfaith?^or/«/, but Al. Voljhtfior afcribcth
Irh.i.pnScalig. two heads, oneof afifli, and the ovherofaman) the Image whereof was vnto his
I'hoti/ Bibtw'.Le- umes referucd.Tbis Monfler lined without meat, and taught them the knowledge of
CO. m Hcll.id 0. Letters and all Arts,buildings ofCitties,foundations of Temples,en acting of Lawes,
Geometry and Husbandry,and all neccffaries to mans life. Afterwards he returned
to the Sea; and after him appeared other fuchmonflers. Foure of them came out of
theSea,faith ty4l;idemis,w\fQn Daos (whom Afollodorus calleth 2)<jfl>-»i) raigned-
their names were Eiiedocus,EneHgamMiyEnabouhts,^net»enti(s. Pentabibius (It fec-
incth) was then their chiefe Clttie. That Oannes the firft did write of the firft begin-
ning : That all was darkeuefle and waterjin which liued monflrous creatures, hauing

two



G HAP. II. ASIA. ThefiyJlBcoke. 55



twof^rmes; men vvitluvvowlngs,anciforr1c with Toure; with one body two hedd.^,
one of a man.atid another of a woman,\vith the priuities of both fexes : others with
born"s and k'^ges like Goats ; fome with Horfc feete ; fome like Centaures , the for-
menwtMen^hc after part Hoifcs; Bulls 4lfo headed like Men and Dogges , with
foiire bodies,&c, with manynionftrous mixtures and confiirionsofcrcatures,<\'hofc
]ma"cs were kept in theTempIc of Be/us. Ouer all thefe ruled a woman , named O-
r,«flW°^ which flgnifieth the Sea,ar.d by like fignification of Letters ,theMoone. Then
came ie^'t'-s and cut her in tvvaine,and made the one halfc of her Land,the other Hea-
uen and the creatures thfcrein appeared. This Tf/«; made Men and Reafts.theSunne,
Moonc and Planets :the(e things rcporicthS<?r5/«j in his firftBooke; in the fecond
be tellcthofihc Kings (before mentioned) which raigned till the fioud: After thfe
{loud alfo the fame Tolyhisior out of him flieweth.That Sifnthrus hauing by Satttrns
warniii" bcfore,buiit an Aikc (as is before laid) and hide vp all monuments of Anti-
cuitv in Sipparis.aCittie dedicated to the Sunne, and now with all his world of crea-
tures efcaped the floud,going out cf the Arke did facrifice to the Gods , and was ne-
ucr fecnc more. But they heard a voyce cut ofthe ayre,giuing them this precept, Ta
berehiious. Hiiwife.daughter.andlliip-martcr were partakers with him of this ho-
nour He (aid vntotheni.thecountreywherethey now were was Armenia, and hcc
would come againe to Babylon, and that it was ordained, that from Sipparis they
(bould receiue^Lettcrs.aud communicate the fame to men : whxh they accordingly
did For hauin" f crificed to the Gods , they went to Babylon and digged out the
' Letters.writinV.orbookes.and build.ngmany Citties and founding Temples, did - jp^,.^^,
a^ainc repaire Babylon. 1 hus farrc out of ty^kxMder'Poljhtnor , alarge fragment
ofthe true Berojus,




Chap. XI.
Ofthe Cfttie and Cotinttey ofBdylon : their/umptums waits ^
Temples ^and Images.

MS-,^.^E3uingthcfe Antiquities, rotten with age, let vi cometo take better

T^li view of this fiatclyCittic. l Herodotus,"^ Phtloftratus, n'?%,and ] uenllV.
' S " 5o//«?</ report concerning the compafTe of Babylon, That the walls m Fbilofir.de

contained 480. furlongs, fitilate in a large plaine foure fquare/inuiro- ■^it^polj.i.

ned with a broad and deepe ditch full of water. P Diodor. faith, That ^^ 'j,;.^; ^ ^ ^g,

>.„ ~„ thci-e were but fo many furlongs as arc daycs in the year - ^fo that cue- ^, si,limi'c.6o!

rydayafurlongofthewallwasbuilt.and ^cooooo. wovke-mErt imployed therein, p Diod.l.^.c.4,
q5fr^A9afciibethtothecompa(re 3 8o.furlongs:andrf«rf;w 3^8.(ninety furlcngs q SceZ/i.:^.
thereofinhabited^the reft allotted to tylth and husbandry.) Concerning the thicke- r c^'-'-f-
ncflb ofthe walls, or the height, they alfo difagree. The firlt Authors affi.methe ^ j-^^^^^ ;„^^_^
beiohttwohundredcubitcs.thethickneflcffiftie. They which fay leaft^cutofl halfc „erfummific
that'fumme.Well might <■ ^riJlotU efteem? it a Countrey rather then a Citty,being fam^nm atr-
cffuch'TcatnefTe that fome part of it was taken three dayes before the other heard '''^J"^'^-
of it. " IjranusouioiHicTome vpon fpj^.affirmeth , that the fourc fquarcs thereof ^" ^^\/^li^^-g^
contained fixteenc miles a piece,wherin eticry man had his Vineyard and Garden ac- , ,^ ^^
cordtn" to his degree ^^ herewith to maintaine his family in time offiege.The fortreffc oan.^.
orTovvcr thereof he faith was that which had been built by the fonnes ot yVo.i^.And
not without caufe was it reckoned among the ''JKaWf?-/ ofthe world. It had a bun- ^ cre^.Na^m
drcdbrafengates,and two hundred and fiftic Towers. Tt was indecdc a mother of ■vu.Ra]UMam.
wonders ;fo°many miracles ofArt accompanied the lame.the works partly of i^?//- «/,£/> \-Nicctes
r^^i.,partlv oV^^bHchoionofor ; which I would defire the Reader to flay his haftie & ^'"fj'j,
pace and take notice of Euery where I fhal not,I can not,be lotedious in thefe kinds f^^Xr ,he
ofrc'ations.v Dtodor.t\\m addethof5<fw/w»30 ; (be built alio a bridge of ^.furlongs. Greek /.i.)c,4;
The waUNvere made oihnik^aUdtfifi flimy kiad ofpitch which that comnry yeil.

deth.



56



Of the Qttyand Countrej ofBahjlonj ijrc.



Ch AP.H.



UcrsdJih.i.

tranflaceda
furlong, is but
fixe hundred
foote.



deth.She built two Palhces,which might feme both for ornament and defence; ona
in the weft, which inuironcd fixtic furlongs,with hign biick walls : within that a IclTc,
and within that alfo a Icflc circuit,which containeth the Tower. Thefe were v.rought
lumptuoufly with Images of bcafts.and therein alfo was game and hunting of beafh:
this had 5 .gatcs.The other in the Eaft, on the other fide the Riucr, contained but ;o.
furlongs.In the lower country of Babylonia flie made a great fquarclakc, contaiiiing
2oo.fuilongs; the walls whereof were of bricke, and that pitchy morter; the depth
3?.fbote. In the middeftofthe Cittie fhe ereiled a Temple to /^'p/rirr Bclns (^ia'nk
Herod»tHs) with brazen gates (now in his trnic remaining) fourcfquare : each Iquarc
:Contaynirig 2.*furIongs,in the middetl whereof is a folid Tower, ofthc height and
thickncs ofa furlong :vpon this another, and fo one higher then another, eight in
number.In the highclt Tower is a Chappcll,and theiin a faire bed coucred , and a ta-
ble ofgolde,without any Im3gc.Neyther,as the Chaldean Pricfls aflirme, doth any
abide here inthenight,butonc woman,whomthisGodfliall appoint. They fay the
God himfclfc there lieth. In regard of this exceeding height, D/f^fo^/^affirmes, thac
the Chaldians did thereon make their obferuations of the Starrcs. Hec ailb addcth,
that Semnamis placed in the top three golden lUtues ; one of/«p/ffr forty fo-t long,
weighingathoufandBabylonian talents; till his time remayning ; another of Opr,
weighing as much,{]tting in a golden throne, and at her feet two Lions, and iud by,
huge ferpents of filner,each of thirty talents : the third Image was oiJuno ftanding.in
weight Sco.talents. Her right hand held the head ofa ferpent, her Icfca fccptcr of
ftone.To all thefc was common,! table of gold 4 o.footlong,in breadth ir.in weight
50.talcnts There were alfo 2 .(landing cups of thirtie talents, and two velTels for per-
fume of like value: three other veflels of goldc, whereof one dedicated :o lupter^
weighed i loo.Babylonian talents :(euery Babylonian talent is faid to contain feuea
t]^ow(^i\\A drachmi ex^//;c<<,fixtie three pounds,nincounccs,and an halfe, and halfe'a
quarter Troy weight.) All thefe the PerfianKings tookc away.

Without the Tcmple,by //(pro</#f«neftimonie, wasagolden Altar, and another
huge one befides .for their folemne facrificcs,the other being not to be polluted with
bloud,except of fucking things. In that greater the Chald.Tans burnt yeerly in their
facrifices a hundred thoufand talents ot Libanotus. Oneflatue ofgoldtwelue cu-
bits high. 'Z).7y;«/,afFe£ling fpared ; but XcTAr^bothtooke it,and flew the Prieft that
forbade him, I might here alfo tell of thofe P enftle gar deas ^omc vp on arches,fourc
fquarc,each fquarecontayningfoure hundred foote : filled on the roofe with earth,
wherein grew great trees and other plants. The entrance was (as it were) a hill .the
arches were builded one vpon another in conucnient height, Ibll increafing as they
afcendcd .• thehigheif which bare the walls were fiftic cubites high , and twelue in
breadth : There were within thefe arches , Inncs. There was alfo a conueyance of
water to the watering thereof. This Garden was made long after Semirnmis time
by a a King,which herein feemed to lord it ouer the Elements, and countermand Na-
ture,being himfelfe the feruant of his wiues appetitc,vvho in this lowly valley where-
in Babylon flood, would faine haue fome repreientation of her owne hilly and moun-
tainous countrcy of Media.

This King was Ar^/i//f/Wo»e/or,as witncflcthl'B«ff/«« in Tofefhtu ^ who hauing'
conquered Egypt, Syria, Phoenicia, Arabia, inriched the Temple of 5ir/.'« with the
fpoyles,and added a new Citty to the olde.without the fame. And prouiding that the
enemy might not after turne the courfe of the riucr,and approch to the Citiy,hc com-
palTed the inner Citty with three walls,& the vtter Citty with as many,ihcfe of brick,
thofe alfo with bitumen , crpicchicflimeofthatcountrcy, adding thereunto ftately
gates. And neerc his fathers pallace he built another more fumptuous: and this hec
did in fifteene dayes. Therein he rayfed ftone-works like vnto mountains, and plan-
ted the fame with all manner of trees. He made alfo a pcnfile Garden. Many more
things (faith /ofephm)dot\\ 'Beroftis adde,and blameth the Grcckc writers for afcri-
bing the building of Babylon to Semiramis anAflyrian. This fragment offif>flj';/.f,
cited by /o/«p/j«i,dochvvellfcruevs to cleare both the holy and prophanc Hiftorie.

In



Inrefpeftof
thii Idolatry it
is like ihat
Pionyrcals
Babylon a ho-
ly Curie.



a AregtSyro.

'Shd.



h Beror.ffagm
a\judIojefh.
tiintra Appkn.
l:!/.\.vicl.Scal.
r.i)tas in ijxc



Chap.u. AS'IA. TheprflBooke. ^y

In the out, 'Daniel'- iiiduceth Nabuchodonofor walking in his royall pallace in Babel, aD4».4.i7.
with words anfvverable to his pride, I snot this ereat "Babel that f h.itie bmlded for the
horffeofthek^l»gdomeybjtthemight ofmyf(iivi>er,anfifor thehonour ofmymmcjlie} His
words (eiien in the fpeaking) were written in the Bookc of God, and an enditemenc
thcrcofframcd in the higheft Court j where hee wasadiudged prcfentlyihe loffeof
'Reafon^ which he had thus abufed , Ti^he kperv that themoft High hare rule ouer the
kingdome ofmen,gining the fame to whomfoefter hewill.Wdl might he fay he had biiilc
it, in regard of this new Citty and pallace, with other miracles thereof ; with more
truth the fome ExpofitorSjWhich accufe him herein of a lie, for arrogating that which
S emir amis did. His wife alfo, for whole loue he did this, was (as ^ S caligerth'mVcnh) b Scal.nnte ik
A^/rocm,mcntionedby Herodotfts; who alfo coiiie6lureth that fhe was the daughter f'"^- '^^''"fi-
oC yiliattes, thdit D^»/<r/intcndeth her, Dan. 5.10. that (he adminiflred the kingdomc
in the time of kerhusbands madneffe, andinthetimes alfo of Euilmcrodach and Bal-
fifar : a woman no whit infcriour to Semiramts ; that it may bee faid , Semiramis be-
gin Babylon, in<^Nitocris finifhed andperfe<5ledit, finifhing and perfci^ing thoft
v,'orkcs \\h\c\iTSlab0chodo»ofor her husband before the time of his madnefle had be-

gunne. ^ la • n- 1 u u r j r 1 ■ ^- c Clara Caitha-

And for Semiramts, profane hiftorics « gencrallie make her the founder of this City, j^,„jj _j„j q^_

.ind among others ^ e>^ww«J his Berofus, who (conrrarietothisfragme^Kof thctruc duur &len:um
/?<'y(7/7oin/o/^p'!'WJfaith,thatSfW/>4»«/j-m3deBabylonofa towne, agreatCity,that po/tu Eahylona
flie might be rather cfteemcd the builder thereof, then enlarger. N?mrod had before l"P^''l>^>" r(vmi'
built the Tower, but not finifhed it,and did not = fomd the citie, which hee had de- IZchnf'' '''"
fignedandfetout, and "y^/w/his fonnehad f cretSled thofedcfigned foundations ra- d Ifeudo Bcrof,
thcrof thctownethcnthc city Babylon, tJ^o/>.f teftifieth that at the firfi building, lib.^.
they w'cre (by confufion of language) forced to ceafc their worke, leauing a ;;<«»?# of eNeedejigna-
theiv/J^ame,\n ftcad ofthat renorvne & »4we,which they had promifcd to themfelues, '*>»,^''^(m{un.
It may be that 5e»?/nf»?// did amplific this: and happilicfo did other AfTirian & Baby- {''p',„Jj^i'^,i^
Ionian kings.as AtignHine & Ahydenus affirme. Hanc quidam^utant condtdtffe Baby, dejignata Baby,
lonaijuam quidemvotuit inflanrare. Likcwife Abtdenm fa'th, thatthc vvals being by lomx^oy^iii
inundation fallen, were built againe by Nabucodonofor, and agrccthin othcrthings ^'g'tqii'mzr-
•wnh BerofM. But the Gra:cians are children, in comparifon of ancient Hiflorie, and q\'^'''^''\
little of this matter can we affirme on their teftimonie ; their firfl Hiftorian Herodotus j,i^^ J^'^^'^^^
liuingjono after this age in the time of the Pcrfianmonarchie. Howfoeucr ; l<!abft. d«7m«c.s.
codonofor is he which (by diuine and humane teftimonie) there cfiablifhed that goU ^l'- Bufeb.pref.
den head ofthe Image, the I'cat'of the Babylonian mcnarchie railing it to that high ^'^^'^•
top of worldiie excellence. Yea D.i«/>/fpeaketh ofonemorc fumt-tuous Image,then p'ip.^^„j\hi„.
any mentioned by Herodotus & Dwdorm fct vp by this king threefcore g cubits high, kc'h that ihe '
and fix broad, cnioyninga (f^rW/fi^f and vniuerfall idolatry thereunto, which the bafiswhctonic
three Saints Sh^drach^ Mefhach, and Abednego refufed and in zfine triali, were found ^ood is indu-
both Martyrs and ConfefTors^Lrc-ww/, Hugo Card:nali4,PereriHs, Pintus, Tellica- ^^^ "^^ 'J!^* ^
iiHs, rhinkethat N.-.bucodanofor fetvp this Image for himfelfe, requiring diuine ho- bymetnans
nour to be eiuai vnto it, as (^alignla fince amongfl: the Romans : but by his expofiu- oblerue) the
huon,tVi[lye not ferise my God? and the like anfwerc of thofe three men ; JVervilhiot Icgthofamaa
ferueihy ^o^/,it feemethtohauebecn confecrated to'Sf/or fome other Babylioni- t'-'^Weth pro-
andcitie, Whichbccaufcit wasereaed inthcplaincofZ)«r^ (this is thought to be ^°&n"t ^Yio^
'2><r)'^/»%?j»4 mentioned by Ptolomey) ' £»^»/>/ might haue good occafion of ab- to the bredth''
fence from thence, whofeoflice was to *//•/» /^f^^^'-fc/f^e^'^'^, at '5 rf^r/o», liScc D. VVif.

k Straba outof (^Megafthenes (whom eyinniuihzxh let our as truly as he hath done J^t inoaa.;,
■^croj^x, faue that he ftutted at the name, and called him ' cJWff.?/?^f«<?/) faith of this [^^[J^'"''^- -
King whom he nameth Nabacodrofor, more cfteen.ed ofthe Chaldxans then Hercit . ^^ J '^^ ""^ ''-^
les, that he came in his expeditions as farre as the Pilhrs o^Hcrcalis (the ftraights of ' i'rxfulm
Gibraltar)and as farre as Tearconihz A.cthiopian,and that he conduiftcd an armie cut ir.fton,.
oflberia into Thracia, and Pontus. This Tearcon is he whorncche Scripture callcth ^^if^''^ '5-
Tirhaka, which warred agaiufl Senachenb. /mmX h^tru-

iif«j«/j;;«»«writK about 50. ycares before Bcro/«J, hjuing traucllcd all theEaft, about the end of Alcxand.TM-^n]

But



58



Of theCitieandCou)itrieof'Bahylonj((^c, Ch a p.ii.



1 1 K'^'g' 'J-9'
m Syria com-
prcViendeth in
i: (aftt:ithe
lirgeft fcnie)
Kabylonia r.l-

fo. ScClJ/).!?.



n Arrian.de

rebus geflis A~
icxtnd.lil).^.

o Ar.itb.7.



Menrloncd al-
io by Sir Ant,
Shcilcyinhh
tiauels into
Pcrjia.



p yerjiegan
/littiq.C.l.



q Domiii. Ni^,
Ajiie Com.^.



1 But to rcturnc to our penfilc Gardens,which Dioderus and Curtius attribute to a
Syrian King(which was no other but this Conqueror of Syria," Klahuchodetiofor)^^^
both they and Strabe doe at large defciibe and account among the worlds wonders,
as were alfo the Bridge and the Walls of the Citic. And no Icfle wonderful] wasihac
0^e//j(^e, orNecdle:a fquare ftoncmadcfpire-tafliion, cutby 5'<rw?/M>wfcf oucoftkc
niountaines of Armenia, one hundred andfiftie foot long,and four and twcntie thick,
on many Waincs brought to the Riuer, thence to Babylon, and there crc(£^ed, Tli/iig
teftificth, that the Temple of^^/wrtilhemained in his daics : and that Sf/wwasin*
uentorotArtrouomic. ■^•ji[ <;";;, ;. "jHrriiris:

This Temple was the fame with the Sepulchre of Belns , which Straha
faith , was rafed by Xerxes : yet not fo , but that tyilexanderviould haue repaired
it; but in regard that it asked fo much labour and time ( for only thecleanfingof the
earth required ten thoufand men two monet hs worke) hee was not able to finifh that
which he had begunne. Inthedefciiptionhefaith \tKci\\sn Herodstus ^ that it was a
Pyramis,or fpire-woike, a furlong or fixe hundred foot in height, and each of the
foure fquares containing as muih. itAnianm " affiimcth that Alexander had the
fame puipofc of other Temples alio. The Temples, faith he, which X^yjvf/ had ouer-
thrownc.he commanded to be repaired, and among them the Temple of 5^/^«,whom
the Babylonians with fingular Religion worfhip. " At his returnc homewards, Belus
in thankfiilncfle (it fcemeth)fent his Chalda^an Priefls to meet him,and forbid him to
enter the Citie, as he loucd his life, whofc Oracle Alexander contcmning.therc ended
his dayes. The caufe w by he liHcned not to them, is thought a miflruft that hee con-
ceiuedofthcChaldseans. For whereas Xfr^v^j, at his rcturne out of Greece, had raf-
fed this and all other facredplaccs of theBabyloniansr^/f.v^W^r minding the repairc
hereof, hauing alreadie remoucd the rubbifli , thought with his whole Armie to at-
chicuc this cnterprifc. But the reuenuc which the Kings of Affyria had left for the
maintenance of this Temple-facrificcs , after the ouerthrow thereof, wasfliarcda-
mongtheChaldxans; whichthcy by this attempt were like toloofc, and therefore
were willing to want his prefencc.

This Temple feme fuppofe to be thatTower of Babel, mentioned by Mofes^ (jen,
1 ). and fuppofedfiillinpartto remaine. For about feuen or eight miles fromBag-
dat, as men pafle from Felugia a Towne on Euphrates , whereon old Babylon flood,
to this new Citie on Tigris(a worke of eighteen hourcs,and about fortic miles Ipace)
there is feene a ruinous fliape of a ftiapeleffe heape and building, in circuit Icflc then a
mile (fomc fay,but a quarter of a mile) about the height of the iicne-worke of /'.w/j
fteeple in London : the bricks being fixe inches thicke, eight broad, and a foot long
(as matter <tA^en meafured) with Mats of Canes laied betwixt them , yet remaining
as fonnd,as if they had beene laid within a yeares fpace. Thus mafter t/dred,znd ma-
fter Fttch, maftcr Cartwright alfo, and my friend mafter AlUn , by teHimonie of their
owne eyes, haue reported. But I can fcarce thinke it to bee that Tower or Temple,
becaufe Authors place it in the middeft of old BabyIon,and nearc Euphiates.Whcre-
as this is nearer Tigris : //Ti^nTf afifirmeth , thatfirltafterthcfloud A'/Vwro^theGianc
founded Babylon, which Semiritmii the AfTyrianQuecne enlarged, and made the
wall with Brick and Bitumen. The height of the Tower was fiue thoufand one hun-
dred feuentie foure paces, v Verjiegtm addeth,thc paflage to mount vp was very wide
and great, winding about on theoutfide :the middle and inward part for the more
firergth being all maflie ; and by Cart, Camels, Dromedaries, Horles, and Affcs^the
carriages were borne and drawne vp ; and by the way were many Lodgings and Ho-
ftcries both for man and bcaft: yea fields alfo for graine and paflure; ifyeecanbe-
leeue it. But it is now, as we fee, come to confufion. Alfo there is yet beyond Tigris
fome ruines of a Temple, which is called the Temple oiBel, with high yron gates, as
is reported.

Tjorninkus Niger q hath thefe ^*ords : Seleucia in proceflc of time hath changed her
flatc and her fite. For it was on the wefterne banke of Tigris, which a Cut from Eu-
phrates flowed into; in which place are now feene the ruines thereof, where -he

iLepheards



CHAP.ti. ASIA. Thefirfl'Booke. 55?



fbcphcards hauc crcftcd them cottages : and on the Eaflerne bankc hauc the Barba-
rians built the Citie and called it Bachdad, right ouer againlt the old. If this be true,
vaine is the conccipt ef'creduious Traucllers , which iuppofe thofc ruines to bee the
monuments of Babylons buriall, and confound againe this later world , withthe re-
ports of Babels To wcr.

The Bitumen or flimie pitch which they yfed in fiead of Morter in their building,
is as iJoniiniats Niger V out oi'Trogns reporteth, common in thofc parts. Herodotus
tclleth,that eight daycs iourney from Babylon was another Citie, named Is, with a
fmall rill ofthe fame name, which runneth into Euphrates , carrying thither (as tri-
bute) much of this flimic matter. A'/>f»-mentioneih one place, w here out of a clift or
©Benin'' of the carth,proccedcth futh a flinkc.that it killcth the Birds wliich flic ouer
it. Andatthisday.twodaicsiourncyfromBagdat >■ at a place called Ait, isamouth TKSitche.Hal^,
continually throwing forth boiling pitch,thcrforc by the Moorcs called Hell-mouth, Voy. lo.i,
which runneth into a great field alv\ ayes full thereof ; and herewith they pitch their
boats. The watcr,as my friend mafters^Z/fw (who lined inBagdat diucrsMoneths) ^

told me,is warmc and accounted mcdicinablc,for which caufc he hath drunkc large-
ly thereof: the liquid pitch flcateth on the cop of the water 3 like clouted crcamc, to
vfehisownephrale.

The Countr:e of Babylonia hath bccnc the mofi fruitfuU in the world , ^ yeelding f nerodJib.*.
ordinarily two himdred, and in Ibmc places three hundred incrcafe : the blades of the
Wheat and Barly about fourc fingers broadc. t Plinte, fomewhat cihcrwifc : They t Vl'ffSathijl,
cut (faith he) or mow their corne twice,and tcede it a third time in Babylonia, other- /it.iS.Mp.ij .
wife it would bee nothing but blade : and yet fo their barrcner land yeeldethfiftic,
their befl an hundred incrcafe. Tigris and Euphrates oucr-flow it, but bring not fat-
ncfle to the foilCjas Nilus in Egypt, but rather cleanfc that fuperfluous fatncfle which
naturally it hath.

The foilc IS of a rofcnnie clay, faith maflere^fe , and would ni'.l rctainein likeli-
hood his ancient fertilitic , if it were watered with like diligent husbandrie : In dig-
gingityecldeth corrupt waters, fauouring of that pitchie flimc. In the Citie ancient-
ly, it fcemeth that ifi euery Garden of any Citizen of fort, were rills made out of the
Riucr. The ruines from the Tower aforcfaid to Bagdat ( which fome call Babylon)
snd beyond on the other lldc ofthc Riucr,containe twcntie two miles ,yet to be fecn:
which happily arc the mines, not of old Babylon, fo much, as of the Neighbor towncs
here built, Seleucia,Vologefoccrta, and Ctcfiphon: which I rather thinkc, bccaufe
they reach beyond Tigris afwell as on this fide.

To rctume to the religious places in Babylon : C<f//«/^/W»j/»«/ tells, that in the ctl.Xhci.tcc.
Tcmplcofe^p(7//(7,wastbund a golden Chell of great antiquitic, which beingbro- AntiqJ.S. c.ii,



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 14 of 181)