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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 140 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 140 of 181)
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boue fix leagues; and in thirtie fiuc daies they caft oucr boord thrcefcore and fixtecnc
of their companie, very few furuiuing in their ftiip: which likcwife happened to other
ftiips their Conforts, io that they had vtterly defpaired, had not God fcnt a Portiigall
ftiip that way bound to rcleeue them. And would God the like examples many
might not be produced amongft our owne.

To returnc to our difcoucry from lago where we left:hcre the Negro's ' were wont
to bring flaues to fell to the Portugals for beads, and other trifles, and cottons, with
other bafc commoditics:and them not fueh alone as they tooke in warre, but their fa-
thers and mothers, thinking they did them a benefit, to caufc them thus to bee con-
ueied into better Countries : they brought ihem naked. The lies of Arguin arc d.or 7.
inhabired by thcAzanhagi,wherc the King ofSpaine hathaFortreflc: concerning the
trade whereof you may reade the letter oiMelehtor k Petoney. Further into the Sea are
the Canaries : which are commonly reckoned feiien ; CanAria,Teneriff,Palma,gome'.
ra^Hierro, LAufirrgtte,2ndF>ierteVe»tftra:Theuet ' addes three,othcr!.,more ; Z»^<»j,
Reca, Grattofa, Saint Clara, AUgranca and Infierw- The Inhabitants were fo groflc
before they were difcoucred, that they knew not the vfe of fire. They beleeued in one
Creatour of the world,who puniflicth the euill, and rewarded the good : hecrein they
all conlcnted.in other things difagreed: their weapons were ftones and flaucs. They
ftiaued their heads with ftiarpe flones like flints. Iron they had not : Gold they rcfpc-
(ilednot.The women nurfed not their children,but commonly committed that office
to their Goats. They as much deli^,hted in dancing, as the birds '", which beare their
name, infinging. They were vnknowne from the times of the Romane Empire "at
which time they were called Fortunatt, till cither an Englifti or French fti.ppc by
mifle-fortune lighted on them, ^wwoa thoufand foure hundred and fiue, U.Bentacor
conquered them, and after him, a thoufand foure hundred fottie foure, Yienrie the /»-
fanta of Portugall, that day-ftarre which by his induftric made way to the prefenc
Sun.ftiine of difcoueries, whereby the World in her lafl daies hath fullcft view of her
fclfe. ^rf/«^»flO calleth that Frenchman l0.Bftancosirt,ind faith,hec was kntby fehx
the fecond ofCaftile, Ahho 1417. who being ftaine in the aftion,his Sonne fold them
to Peter Barba a Spaniard, and hec to Dm Uenrie. Hee faith the people were Ido-
laters, and did cat their flefti raw for want of fire. They tilled the ground with Oxc
andGoats-hornes. Theyhadmanywiues,butdeliucrcd them to their Superiours to
He with them , before they lay with them. Dtn Henrte conquered the reft which
£rf?<«»«:<7m had not poflcfled.Their former goucrnment was by a hundred and ninetic
perfons,which ruled alfo in matters of Religion, prefcribing to the people their faith,
andworftiip. TheyhadinhighertnamcotauthoritieaKing, and a Duke, To flay a
^ ■' heart



C H A p. 1 2. AFRICA. The feuenth 'Booke* ;ri^

bcaft was cftecnied the bafcft office in the world, and therefore committed to their

prifoners : they which did this, liued fepaiate from the people : Thus was it in the

Gran Canaria. In Gomera v they vfed for hofpitalitie to let their friends he with their p caddmojff.

wiucs, and receiuing theirs in likecourtcfie : and therefore, as in India, thcSiders

Sonne inherited.

In Tcnarife they had two Kings, one dead, and another aliue : when a new King
was crowned, fomc man, to honour his entrancc,offered himfelfe co voluntary death:
when the King was buried, the nobleft men caried him on their {l)ouldcrs,and putting
Ifim into the ^raue, faid, i>epttrt in peace O hUjfed foule. Theuet q affirmeth that the q XT/wur
Canaries arc fo called ofthc Canes and Reeds that grow there : that they fhorfhipped ^^^"'7^°""'^
the Sunne,Moone,and Planets. Ofthcfelflands, r^ow/w AT/cWj rahEngHihman, ^ ri^.'^/cto/i.
haih compofed a Treatifc extant, in mafter/f<e^/»7f^ Voyages, T9OT.2.P^rr.2. Hec
faith they dwelt in Caues, luppofed to defcend of fuch as the Romans in Africa had
exiled and cut their tongues out for blafphemieagainfl their Gods. Thepikc or high
Hill of Tcnarife, Iszftci Theuets mcafure foure and fiftie miles. Tbcmas Bya.m^ f a CTh.sym.
friend of mine told mec, that hee hath feenc it eight and f rtie leagues into the Sea, in Some fay ic
tiecre weather. HeerC before the conqucft were feu en Kings, which with their peo- '"^Z ''^'^^P*
pie dwelt in Caues.Their buriall was, to be fct vpon his feet naked in a Caue,propped and 6ft
againftthe wall:and ifhewercamanofauthoritie, hehad afiaffcinhishand, anda vefcr.Can.cd-
Veflellofmilkeftandingbyhim. Ihauefcene (faith T^wW/j three hundred of thefe uet.
corpfcs together, the flefh dried vp,the body light as parchment. I my felfefawtw^o Samtoaddes,
efthofe bodies m London. f^' "cafts

C3naria,Tenerifc,andPalma,haueoneBifhop, who hath twelucthoufand Ducats theafcent'"
Reucnnuc : which place was not long fincepoffefied by Mefchitr<^ Cmks a great ^o. miles.
Writer in clefcncc oithe falling "Baltj/on. They pay to thcKing fiftie thoufand Due- i MXmis.Loc.
kats- Hierro, orthelland of Iron, is by the multitude of Authours " affirmed to Thtobg.Ln.
haueinitnofrcfhwatcr, but whatfallethfrom thelcauesof a certaine Tree, which ^Set^Sanuu,
jsalwaiesgrcenc, and couered with clouds, andvnder-neaththe fame is a Cifternc "" ^''^''
to recciue the water, for the vfe both ofmenand beafls thorowout that Hand. A
whole wood offuch trees wee mentioned in Saint T/jow^ Hand, which yeeld from
their dropping leauesRilks of water downe all fides ofthc Hill, where they grow.
Inihisllandheereisbutone : and that very ancicnt,difiering in this (if wecbeieeue
Sanutw) from ihofe of Saint Themas, they alwaics, this only after noonc, being co-
uered with that cloud, which continueth till two houres before day.and then the bo-
die, boughes and leaucs ofthc tree fwcat out that liquor till two houres after Sunne-
rifing. It is in feuen and twcntic degrees. This, and Gomcra,andLancarot3, arcin
in the hands ofpriuate men,

Madera ftandcth in two and thirtie degrees : it is the greateftof allthc Atlantike
lies '=. It was difcouered by one Macham an Englifli man.who arriued there by tern- ^ ^ Gdumd
fcikAtinoi thoufand three hundred fortie foure, together with a woman, whom he See5j»Kf»of
there buried, andon herTombedid write his cdmming and the caufe thereof, with thde and ma-
hisandhernames, andwasoccafiontothcKing of Spaine to difcouer that and the "X ''ther lies.
Canaries. It was called Madera, of the wildernefles of Trees there growing. Hcere
ha CitiecalledFouchal. Thcllecontaincth in compaflc a hundred and fortie miles.
The woods y which gauc name to the Hand were ficrcd, and burnt fofurioufly, that y A.cadam^.
the people for a time were forced to go fome fpace into the Sea from the violent heat,
which caufed fuchfatnefletothc foile, that at firftityeeldedthrecfcore fold : fincc,
halfc fo much. The excellent Wines were of Vines, firft brought from Candie. They
bring foorth more grapes (faiih he) than leaucs, and clufters of two, three, and foure
•* fpans long. At firft.the Pidgeons fufFered thcmfclucs to be taken, not knowiDg,and » puimi,
therefore not fearing a man.

Fortie miles from the He ofMadcra* is the He of Puerto, orPerto Samo, called of % Samt.lA.
all Saints day, inwhichit was firft difcouered, ^»no 1428. It was taken by Sir A-
mias* Prcfton,\<^g6, Hecrc arc fuch ftorc of Conies, ored ofone {he-Cony brought " Sir Am.Pri-
hither great with yoong,that the Ilandcrs were out of hope almoft to withftand and a- /?«"> «4-

mend



7'4



Of the Hands of Africa ^ <isrc, Ch a p . 1 1,



a c'ic.mVen.6.
b /iff.iS.i.
c Ptlfbim-
d Vobtterran.



" DcfcrltJi
Mdta.



c Ortel'mThe-

fjur.

f B€%aA)inot.

Arct.mActa.

g Cuiw Belliim

Mdttenfe.

VifcrMus.

h Omd. Fasf. 4.
Scnbcntcm gelt-
dii Adri-n vidit
aquh.

So Smiitf to
Mgfins goir.g
from the Tu-
ihcnc to
Egypt, J^os
i'w: currcnti
fTitceps fcrit
Adr lit mores?



Capitib.adA-
thcn. 1.^.7

^\dva.i,figura
e[l h JUa,



mend their damages by them fuftained. A little Hand, nearc to this.brecdcth nothin'^
clfc. And BOW we can accompany our Portugalls no further. A word of that which
rcmaineth.

Within the Straits arc no great Iflands belonging to Africa, Tennan, orthe Rockc
againft VeUes de (jumtr/i, the lie of Gerbi.and feme others.Malta is the moft famous
where in old time was the Temple of /x^wffjfpoijedby ^ Verres, fuppofcd to bee thac
Mclita, where PW fuffercd ^ rhipwracke : although there be another Melita in the
Adriatikc Sea, nearc to Dalmatia: Poljbim * caljcthic LMelytuft,z% Volaterantu
^ writeth. Ptoltmie and Cicrrenamc Melita now called Malta, in this He of Malta.
This Malta is diftant from Sicilia threcfcore miles, from Africa, an hundred fourcfcore
and ten. IthathbeencfometimefubicdTttothc Carthaginians, as may appeare by di-
ucrs monuments with infcriptions of Carthagmian letters : and the Iflanders (if our
Author * fay trucly) can vndcrftand that Scene in PUuttu before mentioncd.E/#», £/-
fetcha,Cumi, words vfcd in Scripture, are likewife vfed in the Maltefc. Their manner
of lifcisSicilian. But we may not dwell hcere.

Some eafcnbe P*?//// (liipwracke to Mclita in the Adriatike, nccre to Dalmatia^
whom Scirf f learnedly confutcth : andproucth jttobcthatMalta, which now the
Knights hold againft the Turke ; whofe valour and fucccfle, inrclifiingthatmightie
Aducrfaric g ^»r<'o, and to, Antottitu VtpcraKfu in their Bookcsofthat Argument,
Knolles'in his TurkiHiHiftcrie, iU.Carrtj and others, relate at large. ]t was 1565.
Thst which decciucih thofe men in Malta, is the name of the Adriatike Sea, which
now is giucn to the Culfc of Venice,but thcn,as 'Bez.a and Aretttu fhew out oiStra-
ho Lib.z.^ii giuen to thelonian SeaaHo,3nd further Southwards, where Malta ftan-
dcth : and Orte'l/n^ out of ^Oh(J, and others, proucththc fame, as doth alfo thac
Epitome of all learning J'pph Scdliger.

Now a word of the Ancient Nauigations about Africa. Hantio his Toyagc, fee
foorth by the Carthaginians, fccmcd fabulous, but "^muftu flieweth euery place by
him mentioned, to agree with the latter Difcoueries ofihcPonugalles,and thinketh
(guided by a Portugall Pilot, skilfuH of thofe Seas, which skanned thisNauigation
o(Ha»fioJ that hee went as fatrc as S.Themt, Long before this, //cwfrrcporteth of
MeneliiMiy comparting the t^thiopians from Egypt, which fome interpret of failing
by the Cape ofGoedhope as the Portugals. Of this minde Strabo citeih Anjlonichiu.
Of Salome ft 3nd lebofhc.phat is faid before. //'<'ro<i#/*M affirmeth the Phoenicians fai-
ling m the Red Sea in Cambyfes time : but this was vfuall and yeereJy, as Pltme fticw-
cth /ib.6.cap.z-!,. The fame/'//>;>allegethoutof^o>'«^/<V«'2V>ptfj', the failing of £«-
doxiis out of the Red Sea, round about Africa to Cales ; which Strabt rclateth other-
wife and refuteth.

The like may be fliewcd in fome other inflances, of which read Mafier Hahjuit his
Epiftlc Dedicatory, 7«w. I. K/!w«/w/p<?rf. i. pag^iii. and Ga/uanus in his Difcoue-
ries of the World. Which I mention, not to difparage or weaken the Portugallcs
praifcs, but to giuc Antiqnitie their due ; which, I thinke, could not ordinarily
(if at all) compafle Co long a Nauigation for want of the Compaflc : yet wee
fhould iniurie our Authours, if wee fliould not bclccuc fomewhat : although not
fo much as they report. And this agrecth with the Grecke proucrbe of HanKus Dif-
coueries, and lubas Hiftorie : that hee which findcth fwcctneflc in rhc one, may
fwallow the other, <ind3swcli emaumc Bauius as Mauitu : ihePcriplusofthcone,
and Libyke Hiftories of the other not obtaining full credit, nor yet wholly meetro be
rcic6ted.

And thus much of this African part of the World,thc Regions and Religions there-
of: the one moft fubic(5t to the burning bcamesof the hcauenly Sunnc,the other Icaft
enlightning by the comfortable warmth oftheSunne tf Righteeufncjfe ; blacke in bo-
die, but more darkened and deformed fpiritually, as hauing one oncly Region of Ha-
baflla entirely pofleflcd with Chriftians, bcfides what in Congo hath of latter yeeres
becne cfFc6»cd by the Portugailes, and that little which is fubici^l to them and Spaine:
all the rert being Pagan, or Mahumctan. And would Cod this were the cafe of Africa
/ .alone



Chap, i i . AFRICA. Thefeuenth 'Booh.



71^



alone; feeing that ifwediuide the knowne Regions of the VVorld into thirtic cquall
parts (it is Malhr Erereweeds ' Computation) The Chriftians part (vnderliand it in all
Sefts and Profcffions bearing that name) is as fiue, the Mahumetans as fixe, and the l-
dolaters as nineteen belides that huge Heathcnous Trait of the vnknowne j'wf 6 (^on-
tinent, which by probable icaCons ii by him conicdured to be no leffe then Europe,A-
frica, and A'ui, together. So farre is it from truth, which one '• of our Countrey-men
hath luftily bragged on behalfe of his RomiHi mother, That the Catholtke Roman Reli-
gton hath had, af:d hathyct a farre q^reater fwaj in theworld,then any other 'R^ligien euer
hador hath:vi\\cxis, this our Africa hath more Mahumetans ' in two or three cities,then
Romifh Catholikes perhaps in her whole compafle. And for Afia, how pitifully doth
he tumble together fome names of a few To wnes or little llands,(it fcemeth vnknown
to himfclfe) as nionumcnts of Romifh conquefts? What their American conucrfi-
ons ™ are, is touched elfewhcre . Yea euen in our Europe, where this Mjfhcall Baby.
Ion is fituate (the mother of the whoredemes andabomtnattens of the Earth) the number
of ProtcHants " is not much infcriourvnto them. Buthisreafonshauebecne already
proued vnreafonable, by him, whofc pen then, and Prelacic fince,we with all dutie ac-
knowledge : a pillar to the Truth, and Ornament to our Church and State. For my
part I am forie his aflertion is no truer, as one feeing, ydayLO. f/i^ct,betweene Catholike
and Roman, agreat g'jlfe,noit^(i\y (withoutmany prouifoes) paffable : butbctweenc
the Heathen and Heauen, a bottomlefle depth, the vay impafTible, and life impoCTible.
Let vs pray to him which is the Way. the Tri4th,the Life, to make and be the way,by
reuelationof his truth, vntoeuerlafting life, to thefepoore Africans, that as they
arcalmoft wholly (in all profelTions.Chriftianlcwifh, Morifli, Ethnike)
circumcifcd in thefleHijfo they may recciuc that Ctrcutmifionofthe
Spirit, not made with ha»ds,\N\\\ch may cut away this luperflui-
tie of fuperRitions (wherein they fccmc more dcuout,
then any part of the World) and make them with
meel{^i>ieffe to receiue that Word, ivhich being
grafteJl in them, n able to faut their
fonlts. Amen, Lord
lefus.



i Brerevooth
Enquiric,
Chap. i<j.

k Doflor Hill's
Reafon, J.

1 CairOjFeflej
Marocro.



m Lib.^.cap,

vlt.

n SeeihePre,
face to Bre/e-
woads Books.

Liili.l6.i6.







^'



^sif^yti



•^t



^m-



)l%



^^^



RELATIONS OF THE

DISCOVERIES, REGIONS,

AND RELIGIONS, OF THE
af_£ IV lyo jtLD.

OF NEW FRANCE, VIRGI-
NIA, Florida- New Spain e^

WITH OTHER REGIONS OF AME-
RICA, MEXICANA, AND OF THEIR
RELIGIONS.

The Eighth Booke.



717



CHAP. I.

of the t7ew IVorldy and why it is named America.- andthelVell Indies',
voitb certaine Generall difcottrfes of the Heaucns, Aire, Water ^
. and Earth, in thofe parts.

O W arc wee fliipped for the New World, and for
new Difcoueries. But feeing this Inkie Sea, through
which I vndertake a Pilots office to condud my
Readers, is more peaceable then that, which on the
back-fideof this American World, was called the
a Peaceable, by C^IagelLtnet\\t^t{\ Difcouerer: it
yeeldeth vs the fitter opportunitie to contemplation
and difcourfe , in fuch Philofophicall fiibictfts, as
^ the beft Authors haue thought worthv the firft
place in their Hiftories of thefc parts. Yet, before
we prie into Natures myfleries, the better to know
our intended voyage, let vs enquire fomewhac of
the names, if any notice may thence arife, of the places thereby knowne.

The2y>»';ror/«<f, is the firteft name which can be giuen to this vaft and huge Tra£l;
juftly called Ty/w, for the late Difcoucry by C^hmbtis,Aii. Dem. -14,91. and f-Fer/d.fov
the huge exten lion thereof; (as M. ^ Hakji^p h^h obferued.) A new World it may
be alfo called, for that World of new and vnknowne Creatures, which the old World
neuer heard of,andheere onely are produced :the conceit whereof moued Mer cater
tothinke (which Idarcnotthinkcwithhim) that the great deluge in the dayes of
Noah, drowned not thefe parts,becaufe Men had not heere inhabited, who with a De-
luge of finnc mighcprocure that deluge of waters.

America




a M(ire Pacific
ci(m,&i!elSur.
end. Tbsat.

b Jofcph.Aco(la,
de ptocuranda
yndoriimfuliitef
& hift.Iiidiie,
lib.i.er z.
Botcr.Kclattoni,
pnrt.f .^ib.4,
Gomara hifl,
gen. (s-c,
c Hal(.lam.J,
Epifi. Dedicat.
Magmw.
Cer.Mcr.de Fit'
brica i^lundi.



7.8



Of the new iVorld^ "^hy named America j <(jrc, C h a p . i :



e Am.ycff).
f Hakltplo.l'



g Acoli.hijlor.
ladltb-ucin.
h Pet.SiUrt.
VeciMh.i.
i Hali-vbifup.
k Aiiji. dccalu
&• mundo.



America is a more common then fitting name, feeing Amertcm Vefpucipa the Flo-
rentine, from whom this name is deriucd, was not the firft Finder, nor Author of that
d Munn.Cofm, Difcoucrie: Co/«»s^;« will challenge that, and more iuffly, with "J whom, and vndcr
v/homAir>eric!U made his firft Voyage, howfoeuer after that, he coaftcd a great part
of the Continent which Columhtis hadnotfeene, at the charges of the Caliilian and
Portugall Kings <=. But fo it might more rightly be termed Cabotia, or Scbaftiana, of
Sebn^tan Cabot a Venetian, which difcouered more of the Continent then they both,
about the fame time; firft employed by f King H^wr^ the feuenth of England,and af-
ter by the Catholikc King.

(^olumbm yet, as the firft Difcoiierer, deferucth the name, both of the Countrey,for
the firft finding, and of Modeflic,for not naming it by himfelfe.feeking rather cffcd^s,
then names of his exploits. But leaue we thefc Italian Triumviri, the Genuois, Vene-
tian, and Florentine, to decide this queftion among thcmfelues. And why now is it
ciWcdihc PVelt Indies? To this S ^fffi?^'^Expo(itionof the word/w^/ej, that there-
by wemeane allthoferich Countries, which arefarrcoff.andftrange, is too generall
an anfwere, and giueth not the true caufe of the name. Gomara faith, that a certaine
Pilot, of whom ^o/«w^^«receiued his firft Inftrudionsjtookc it to be India: or elfc
Co/«w^/«himfelfe, thinking by the Weft to finde a ncererpaflage vntotheEaft, by
reafonofthc E3rthsroundne(re,roughtforCipango, or lapan, and Cathay, when he
1 yWagi»;« faith firft difcouered the Hands of the New World. And this opinion is probable, '' both
itwas called becaufe he named Hifpaniola, O/'^/)', whence Jit/ow^ow fetched his golde;andi■<f^<^/?;-
Indii, bccjufe ^^ Cabot m the firft Voyage,which he made at the charges ofKing Henry the feuenth,
redatthc^me intended (as himfclfe ' confefreth)tofindnootherLandbutCathay, andfromihence
time that In- to turne towards India: and the opinions oi AriFlotU k and Seneca, that India was
dia was found not farrefromSpaine, confirmed them therein '.

bythe Porta- Mow, that we may defcend fromthe Name, to theNature of this ncwWorld:a
h I'k"^ f World it is to fee how Nature doth dcfledt and fwaruc from thofe grounds and princt-
manners in p'^s which the Naturallifts, " and Philofophers her forwardeft Schollers haue fet
the Indians. downe for Rules and Axiomes of Natures working. For, jf wee regard the ancient
m Ptol Straho, Poets, Philofophers, and Fathers, we fliall fee them dcceiued, and that not in few O-
flutirch,:ini pinions, which they feemed to hauclearned in Natures Sandluaricsand inmoft Clo-
fets. In the Heauens, they fuppofed a burning Zone ; in the Earth, a Plague, plagued
withfcorchingheats :

f' tjj dttit dextra Calum, totidem£,fimffra
Parte fecant Zona, quinta ell ardentior illis,
Stc——-

Tetidemj^pliig£ tellurepremuntnr

QttArum cjua media ejl nan efl habitabilis dflu
Nix tegit alt a dutU, lot idem inter vtram^ locauit :
Temperiem^ dedit.

And " a greater then Opiid :
^inj-, tencnt Caelum Zonit j quarum vna corufco.
Semper fole rnbens , ^c.
The fcnfe whereof is, that thofe parts of the world next the Ari^ike or Antarflikc
mofepcoplcd. poiggare not habitable , by reafon of extreamecolde; nor the middle part, by reafon
"m 'iaimtinfuo °^ vnrcafonable heat : the two other parts temperate, and habitable.
Hypcrcrhko The Philofophers accounted this noPoeme, or rather were more Poeticall thcm-

Sfallg.Cm^, felues : For that which thofe accounted a torrid and Scorched earth , thcfe <♦ made to
' ^•' • be a /I'kcious and vnpaffable Ocean, where the Starrcs, hot w ith their continuall mo-

o cicerefomn. jif^pj^ and the Sunnes thirftieftecdes, wearied with their daily iourncy, might finde
Macrob'infom. »zo/i?«^f to refrefh and nourifh their /<?>;)' conftitutions. And therefore they diuided
Siip.hb.z enp.9. the Earth into two habitable Hands, compaffed about.and feuered in the midft with a
p i^id. I'luuirc, huge Ocean : On this fide whereof we are fituated, and beyond, the j4ntipodes. Some
depkc-l'hdof. philofophers P indeed held otherwife, but with greater errors, as LeucippM,Democri-
q Atjj r.. M.C- j^^£^,f;,,^;«^ ^;,^;(./,»^„^^y^ ^yhi^-hrnultiplied worlds,accordmg to theirfancie. Raw
piial.2..c.68. ^ vncettaia were ihe coniedures of the 1 bcft.Yca,thofe whom we reuerencc, as bet-
ter



fomeothers
mention the
Echiopisns be-
yond tht Tro-
f'lki: of Cancer :
and Taprobami,
.4gi^mba,erc.lz
feemeth that
their meaning
was, it was ve-
ry fcarcely in-
habitedjoffcw
and fmall Na-
tions. Experi-
ence hath
fjund no place



C H A P.l , A M E R I C A. The es^ht 'Booh, y i e»



rence, as better then the beft Philofophers, had no Icflc crroiJr in this point. The Gol^
dcn-m?nthcd r Dodlor had a Leaden conceit, that the heaiienswerenot round, whom i chyfafl.uom.
Theodoret \% (i\Atoio\\o\y . TheofhilaEl f alledgcth'B/i/// for this his a(rcrtion,»rc«;c- i4-^i7-"«
hiU ejfe calHtn^nec circulare, that hcauen is neither moueable nor round. How firmely, ^^^- '^^^o^-
and confidently doth F<rw;'4««* ^ Laiinntiw both deny and deride the opinion, that [ i g";'^^'^^ "*
there are ^»tipodfS -, But caficr it was for him,with a Rhetoricall flourifli, (wherein, I t ua.l.-^.l.i^.
thinkc.of all the Latine Fathers,* he dcfcrueth higheft prize and praifc) to dafh this o- inftitui,i>m.m.
pinionoutofcountenance.thcntoconfute the Arguments and Allegations, which he ' cimflianorum
there citcch in the Aduerfarics name.But he that fiirpafied Laiianttm no lefl'e in know.- ""'"J"'" ["cun.
ledge of truth, then hee was furpaffcd by him in finoothnene of Stile, herein holdeth vtfhf'f'
equipage, and draweth in the fame yoke of errour. 1 mcanehnn, whole venerable dif.hb.z.
name no words are worthy and fufficient to Vfher in,Saint ey^uguFlint: who, though
fomewhcre " he affirmeththe>^«f//'o^<f-». yetelfewherc =< prcffcd with an Argument, u Aug.to.ude.
how men fhould pafle from thefe parts in which tAdAtn and ?v(o.7^ liued, to the tyin. ccm cate^ong.
tipedes, through that vnmeafurable Ocean, he thought it cafielt to deny, that, which " ^"s-rieciuirl
certaineejcperTence at that time could not foeaf.lyproue: although v euenthen fome ^^V-'*'/-!'-
reports (butdbfcureand vncertaine) had becnefpread abroad of failing about A- IcJ."" '"""*'
frica as * a little before is fhcwcd ; which muft enforce that which ^ttguUinc de- % Lib-jx. vie

nied. -^

More hot and forcible were the Arguments ot" our more zealous then learned Coun-

triman, T^omfAce, * Archbifliop of Menti, and cf Pope Z.tchane, who purfued this * Afemwut

opinion of the Antipodes, fo eagerly againrt Vergil'&\(i\o\> of the luuaucnfes in Boia- ^"""l-Bonl^.

lia, aboutthcytfarc 74;.That vpon Boniface hiscomplaint, the Pope wiitcth to him

to caft out this L'^'^ (/the r^i/<»/i,!)W(fo doth that eia-c?©- callWtm) out of the TempU

4nd Church ef God, andto dcprtue him for thu perHcrfe'DoElrine (that there were ty^n. a Aco^.^SfJt.

tipodes) of his Billeprtcke : and Vergil murt packe to Rome to giue account of this ^.^'"^"^- ^'W/e/.

PhilofophietothePope, Mtneruafut. Let the Reader here iudgcbctwcene the Pj&». I'p^y"""^'}'

lofophie of the one, and the Fecle—ap-o-phj ofthe other : and let our Caiholike Pa- thofe' which^

rafites tell vs, whether their not-erring Father pronounced this fentence of errour as a dwell m tFe



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 140 of 181)