Copyright
Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 141 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 141 of 181)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


Pope.ox. as ipriuateDoUer, But what doth this Doter in my way? fame parallels^

Some » zW'o aWezgt Nax.um^^eH,Hicreme,2Vid PracepiH4, for this cr the like npini- h""^*:^"^""^

on. But Poets, Philofophers, Fathers, ( in other things worthy our lone, for their de- ^^f,)^;,''"//

Ijghtfall Poems ; our admiration, for their profound Science ; our aw tfull rcfpcd and vvhich dwell in

rcuerence, for their holy learning, and learned holineflc) herein we bid you fare- well: the oppofitc

magis ttmica. vcntof ; our America,fubic6t to that luppofed burning Zone,with clouds 2°"= °r pla_gc

and armies of witnefles in her wcl-pcopled Regions can auerre, that the parts betwixt "(^''^ world.

theTropikes arc both habitable and inhabited:and for the Pertaea, ^ AnttrdtAntiBho- y^^^^^ Sujh" t

ties, and Antipodes ^ the worlds roundnes, and other things of like nature,this America and Winter

ycclds and is fufficient proofe:and the yearely compalTing the world(w hich the Span i- but not day

ards and Portugals diuide betwixt them)makes more then cuidcnt. And let thofc two ^"'^ "'ght a

Englifh ShipSjthc only two of oneNation which euer haue failed,ond that with admi- i ^ ^'^^"l

table fuccerie and fortune,about the Globe ofthe earth,tell LaUanttw ghofi,whether g^j ^j i^^ ^^

they dropped into the clouds (as he fcared^there to berome new conftellationi'.w hich like, but not

Antiquity would cafily haue attributed to them. The Golden H»nde (vvhich trauctfcd the fcafons of

the world round,and returned a golden Hindeindced;Withh6r belly tuli of Gold and tbcyeare.Thc

Siluer)is yet at Deptford,there relying after her long iorncy ,offring vp her fclt'to Ttmt, f'''''P™"'^'fi<:r

her deeds to£rf?-»//)'That which beguiled the Ancients.was the necrenes of the Sun, ^ That'all die

hisdirecftbeames, and the fwift motion ofthe hcaucns, which, they conic^ured, did worldishabi-

ch3fcaway cold,and moifture out of all thofe parts. And hardly could reafonotherwife tabic, fee the

gueire,tili experience <; fliewed the contrary. For neucr isitmoiftcr in thofe parts be- l^''^oi'rleof

tweenethcTropikcs.then when the Sunne is neerefl.thencaufing terrible ftormes and ""i^^^"'^^^
n J -fl .• J 1 u- u- 1 J I I I'refaccto the

Inovvcrs cucry day : as it hauing drunken too mucti in his long and hot iorncy ouer the Noi thweft

Occan,he did there vomit it vp againe. Once, the people of thofe parts reckon it Win- Dilcoucrics of

ter,when the Aftronomer would cal it Summer:becaule ofthis tedious weather which ^' rrobijlicy,

cucry day happening cannot but coole the aire and earth, with a maruellous temper : ^"'^ mfcrtcd,

and on the otherfidcjthcy call the time ofthe Sunnesabfencc, Summer, becaufc of the ftj/^^/"^''"'

Q.^ q perpetuall ' *'



"JIO



Of the New World ^vohy named Amtrka^(isrc. C H a P.I.



ouer their
bead*!.



perpetuallclcarcneflc, which continueththofc fix moncths; thcSunnc then exhaling
kaines fall a- no more vapours then his hot ftomack can digeft, which with his direftcr beamcs bc-
boucnoonc c- ing dravvnc vp,furcharge him with abundance ; and in the middle Region of the Aire,
uery day.when by the then ftronger Amtperijiafis are thickened into raines, and attended with Thun-
the Sunne is jgj.j ^^^ Lightnings, proclaime daily defiance to the Earth: threatning harmCjbut do-
ing good: cooling the famc,after the morning-Sunnc hath heated it, the fhowers then
falling, when the Sunne threatens his hottcft furie and violence.

Thcfe Raines make the like inundations and ouerflowings ofRiucrsin America,
(as before wc haue obferued in Nilus,Nigcr,and Zaire in A frica) which breakingtheir
bounds.and driuing the Inhabitants/ometimes to dwell on trees growing, lometimcs
in their carkaflcs framed into Boats or Canocs,thcrein to retire themfelucs.till the wa-
ters are retired, caufe a cooling and rcfrcfhing to the earth, which they couer and
fhield by their inundations from the Sunnes angrie arrowes. As in a Limbeck,a ftrong
fire caufeth abundance of vapours to be extraited out of herbs, or other mattcr.which
being prefled, and finding no iflue, turne into water : and if the fire be fmall, it exhan-
ftcth the vapours as faft as it raifcth them : So the Sunne (in his grcateft ftrength) exha-
Icth thcfe plentifuU vapours, which it diflillcth in ftiowers, which in leffe heate are of
lefle quantitie, and more eafilyconfumcd. Without the Tropikes it iscontrarie: for'
the Summer is drie, the Winter moift ; the caufe being the Sunnes weakneflc.not able
to concoft and difperfe the vapours, which the moyft earth then eafily yceldeth:which
in his greater force in the Summer fcafon wee feccffc£t;d: the like we fee in grecnc
wood and drie on the fire.

It is no lefle worthie note, that no part of the World hath fo many, fo great Lakes,
and Riuers : the vapours and exhalations whereof, cannot but coole and moy ften the
neighbouringElemcnts of the Ayrc and the Earth. Againe, the cquall length of the
daycs and nights perpetually fharing the Time in cquall portions, caufeth "^ ihatthc
heate is not fo vnequall as the Ancients dreamed. The great dcwes alfo in the night,
which arc "reater then we would think,and comparable for wetting to prcty fliowers,
cncrcafe the freninefle and coolenefle.

We may addc hereunto the neighbourhood of fo huge an Ocean, the proprietie of
the Windes, which in mofl places betweene the Tropikes are fet, and certaine, no lefle
then the Sunne and Tides, and bring with them much refrefhing. Further, the fituati-
on of the Land doth further the cold not a little, in thofc hot Regions ; Contrariwife,
ncare the Poles, the continuance ofthc Sunne, and longdates make it hotter then in
parts nearer the Sunne j as in Ruflia «, then in England. Yea the high ridges and tops
of fome Mountaincs in the burning Zone, are vnfuffcrable for cold, alwaycs hauing
on them, fnow, haile, and frozen waters, the grafl'e withered,and the men and beafls
which doe paflc along that way (for hccrc is no conucnient dwelling) benummed with
the cxtremitic of cold.

■ I ■ Partes cum prtxtmiu algtt.

When the Mountaines are fubiefl to this degree of cold, it cannot but temper the
Neighbour Regions, with fome coolenefle at leaft. Now to all thcfe Reafons of the
Temperature,vndet the Line, and betweene the Tropikcs,fome addc the influence of
fome vnknowne Conftellations. Onely let this be remcmbred, That the former hold
not equally in all parts of the TorrideZonc, feeing that Nature hath diuerfificd her
felfe in diuersplaces, and by naturall exceptions hath bounded and limited thofc gc-

nerall Rules.

In fome places, vnder the Line, it raynethnot at all : in other fome, thofc coo-
ling Wmdes arc wanting: neyther hath eucrie Region, Lakes, Riuers, or Moun-
taines to rcfrefli them. But of thcfe particulars we fhall take better view in their pe-
culiar places. In the fame fpace the Windes arc moft-what Eaflcrly, and without
the Tropikes Weftcrly : fo that the Mariners vfe not to goe and returne the fame way,
butobferuingthegenerall Windes, feeke to make vfe thereof accordingly.The reafon
f Ac4a, «fr.'3 . of this Eafterly Winde vnder the Zodiake f is afcribed to the motion of the Hcaucns :
wj).6. the



d ^odque die
Solif viitento iti'
fttndui: «/?« :
Humida N»x
ufkitfaribufq,
refiigeral b»rts
HontcvKi.



e D. Fletcher,

Defcriptionof

RuiTia.



Chap.1. AMERICA.



The eighth 'Beokei



7it



the firft moueable drawing (faith Jcofia) with his owne mdtidn the inferiour Orbe?^
yea,eiienihorccIementarie, of the Fire, Ayre, and ( where ic findes no other obfta-
cle of the water alfo, as S fome fuppofc. But for the Aire (whereof wee now fpeci-
ally fpeake) the motion of the Comets, circularly carried in the A3'rc, (where alfo
their motion is diuers, as is obferued in the Planets) dothfufficiently proue. With-
out the Tropikes from feuen and twentie to feuen and thirtie degrees, the Windcs arc
faidtobecforthemoftparc Wefteriy, moued, as fomethinke, by the repercuffion
of the Ayre, heercpreuailingagainft that force of the Heauens^ which martereth ii
within the Tropikes ; ciien as wee fee waters, beingencountered with others ofmorc
forcc.rcturnc in a manner back.This of the Ealierly Windcs, is to be vndcrftood of the
Sea: for at Land, though there VVindes bee ( as before is faid) certainc and fet,
yet that which is the gcnerall WindeofoneCountrey, is notgenerallto all: yea, in
the fame Countrey they haue a fet Winde in fome places forthcday, and another
quite contrarieblowcth in the night. ^ Alfo, neerevnto the coaftsthey are more fub-
iedl to calmes in this burning Zone, then further off in the Sea, the grofler vapours
which arife out of the Earth, and the diuers fituation thereof being the caufe of thefc
differences. ,

Such is the force ofthis naturall (icuatibn, that in feme plates it is fffahge what cf-
feds it produccth. There is in Peru an high Mountame called Pariacaca, whereupon
Jifeph i Aco§iA faith, he afcended as well prouidcd as he could, being forewarned and
forearmed by men expert. Butinthcafcenthc and all thercfi were furprifed with fo
fuddcnpanges of firaining and calling, and fome alfo of fcownng, that the Sea-fick-
neffe is not comparable hereunto. Heecaft vp Meate, Flegme, Choller, andBloud,
and thought hee fhould hade caft out his heart too. Some thinkmg to die therewith,
demanded Cbnfeffion: and fome are faidto haue lofi their liues with this accident.
The beft is, it laftethbut for a time, neither leaueth my great hariiebchindc. And
thus it farcth in all the ridge of that Mountaine, which runnes aboue a thoufand and
fiuc hundred miles, although not in all places alike. In foure different palTages there-
of, he found the like difference and diftemper, but not fo grieuous as at Pariacaca. He
afcribethittothefubtiltic of the Ayre on thofe high Hilles, which heethinketh are
the highcfl in the World .- the Alpcs and Pirenees, b'cing, in refpcdl: hereof, as ordina-
rie houfcs, compared to high Towers. It is defert, the graffe often burnt and blacke,
for the fpacc of fiuc hundred leagues in length, and fiuc and twentie or thirtie in
breadth. There are other Defcrts in Peru, called Punas, where the Ayre cuttcth off
mans life without feeling; a flnall breath, not violent, andyetdepnuin" men fomc-
times of their liues, or elfeof their fecte and hands, which fall off as a rotten Apple
from a Tree, without any paine. This feemeth to be done by the force of cold, which
in the Northernc and Northeaflerne parts of Europe worketh like effects : fome '' be-
ing found dead fuddenly in tbofc fleddes in which they came to market httin" there-
in as if they werealiue.andfotnelofingtheir ioyntj by the like caufe. But this makcth
vp the ftrangenclTe of thcfc mortall accidents, that this piercing cold Ayre both killeth
and preferueth the fame bodic, depriuing it of life, and yet freemg i t from putrefadi-
on. A certaincDominikcpalTing ihatway, fortified himl'elfeagainft the cold winds
by heaping vp the dead bodies which hcere he found.and repofing hinifelfe vnder this
flicker, by thefc dead helpesfaued his life. The caufe is, Putrcfaftion cannot be pro-
created, where her Parents, Heate and Moiflure are confined, and haue link or no
force. The Seas which compafTe this Wefterne India, befidcsthe MageJlane Streits
and the Northernc vnknowne,(forthc knowledge whereof our Countreymen, 'fro'
biPur, Dams, Hu^fon, and orhers, haue aducnturedtheirliucs and fortunes, and at lafl
haue giucn vs more hope then cucr of thcDifcouerie) are the great and fpacious Oce-
an, which on this fideis called the North Sea, and on the other fide of America, is na-
med the South Sea.The qualities thereof will better appeare, when we come to fjseak
of tJie Hands therein.

Concerning the Land of the New World, «y4celia diuidcth it into three parts,
High, Low, andMeane: which bold almoll the fame proportion that Mafter Larfil
l>ert m obferucch of Kent, the firft hauing fome wealth, by rcafon of the Haucns

0.9 'i * and



Oec.^Mb,C,
Sir Humf. Gil-
bert Defeat.
Maficr Georgi
Best.



h Linfchot. fi.i.



i Jof.Acon.Vii-
tur. and Mo-
rallHiftory of
the Indies,



k This Mafter
Gcuige Variety ^
a Merchant,
which liued
lenginLiuo-
nia,told me o]f
his owne fi^ic



1 See infac^.



m ! ambert,
Pcramb. of
Kent. Wcalih
without health
Health with-
out wealth-
Health and
wealth.



72Z



Of the "Hew World ^ why named America j<!jrc. C H a P.I,



and Ports therein, and of the Vines that grow there, butareverie vnholefome; the
Hilles arc healthful!, but not fertile, except in thcSiiuer bowels, and Goldfn entrails "
thereof: the third is the moft commodious habitation,whcre the folk yeeldeth corne
cattell, and Pafturc, and the ayrc, health. The principall thing that hath brought this
Wcftcrne India into fuchrequeft, is, the Mines and metals therein. The Wtfedtme of
God " hath made metals for Phyficke, for defence, for ornament, and fpecially for in-
flrumems in the workc which God hath impofcd vpon man, That m the fwe»te of hit
l>rowes he fhould eate his head. Thcinduftric of man hath added another vfe of me-
tals, by weight or flampe, conuertingit to money, which the Philofophcr " calleih
themeafureof all things. And a fit meafure might it haue becnc,ifthemindeofman
were not vnmeafurable, and vnfatiable in meafuring this meafure. Metals naturally
grow(asfome P obferue) inland naturally moft barren : Nature rccompenfing the
want of other things with thefe hidden trcafures : andthe God of Nature enriching
the Indians with this fubftance,otherwife barren of humane and diuine Knowledge,
that might as a rich Bride (but withered and deformed) tmake her findc' many futers
for loueof her portion. And would God, they which rcape heerc thefe TitKporall
things, would fow Spiritttall.and giue them H (j old tried tn the fire, and that which is m
5/7«<rrrW/i«*«f/>»?j,Imeanethe^o>'i^o/(jpc/fincereIyprcached,withoutthcdroflc
of theirownc fupcrftitions. And would they gaue them not Iron for their Cold, an I-
ron Ageforagoldcn, impofingaheauie yoke of feruitude, r which hath coniumed
worlds of people in this New World, and made the name of ^hriH and ChriFlian to
ftinckc amongft them : yea, they abhorre the Sea it fclfc, for bringing forth fuch mon-
fters, as they thinke the Spaniards : whom for their execrable wickednefie, they cftec-
mcd,notto come of humane generation, but ofthe froth of the Sea, and therefore
call them t/'<>-'««'»«'^/<', or Sea-froth. That which one faith of Religion, I may apply to
x!n\$ Kir\cucinV^\\d,Peferitdiuittas,&fiha deuorauitmatrem. Shcc brought forth
rich metals, and the Daughter hath confumed the Mother .- her gold that fhould hauc
heenc a price in her hand to l>u^ivifdame: hath to thefe importunate chapmen foldher
freedome. It is f a Golden and Siluer Age indeed to the Spaniards, for the condition
and ftate which hereby accrcweth to them, not for the conditions and ftate of life,
which they obferue.

Intheyeare 1 5 87. when /^c«J?4cainctoPeru,eleuen millions were tran/ported in
the two Fleets of Peru and Mexico, almoft one halfe thereof for the King. In the time
when Polio was Goucrnour of Charcas in Peru, from theMines of Potozi alone were
drawne and cuftomcd euery day thirtie thoufand Pez.oet of Silucr,eucry Pezo amoun-
ting to thirtecnc Rialls, and a fourth part : and yet it is thought the one halfe was not
cuftomed: or as Ouiedo * rcckoneth, one fourth part more then a Spanifh ducket.
He writeth, that t^wwc J535. three or fourefhippes came to Siuill, laden with none
other commodities but gold and filucr. (J?'f/7«TM;f/rccordeth,That when he retur-
ned out of the Indies, 1 58 1 .there were fcuen and thirtie failc, and in euery of them,
one with another, thirticpipes of Siluer, befides great florc of Gold, Cochinile, Su-
gars, Hides, &c. And atthis day faith ' e^fc/?^, the Mines of Potozi yecldthcKing
a million of Siluer, for his fiftyearely, befides the wealth that groweth by Quicke-
filuer, and other prerogatiues. In theyeare 1^74. were entered threefcore and (ix-
tecne millions. That which is wrought in this Countrcy is not entred, befides priuie
conueyances.How muchdiffereth Potozi from the Mine Bebello in Spaine,one thou-
fand and fiue hundred paces deepc, admired, and that iuftly,by " Antiquitic, foryeel-
dingthreehundredpouhds weightof Siluer a day to Hannibal, but with much more
charges, by reafon, ofthe intollerable paiues in drawing out the waters, which there-
in flowed, and in Potozi are wanting ? But what will not this vnlouely loue of money
doc ? hereby man encountreth the vaft Ocean, paffeth the fartheft and moft contraric
climates, drowncth 'Bootes and all histeamc, buricth himfelfein the bowels ofthe
earth, raifcth new hcauens,and feekcthhisheauen, where he cannot fee heauen, or
lightjneerethebottomlefTe bottomesofhell : remouethFountaines,and Mountainej,
rcduceth a new Chaos, in the confufion of Elements ; the £;»r/A/entrals being tow-
redinthes//5r^rtf,andfacrificcd to his hotter brother in/^'ry purgations, the Ayre fil-
ling



n Mojla/ibn'

'cap.z.

o Arifi-tth.l.^.



p Vb'do de Gen.
Mundi,lib.%.
Eufeb.de Pr<ep.
B.mng.l.i.c.^.

q Ayocyxi.
Pfal.11. 6.



i iart.de Us
Cafts Hifparr.
Cruddit.
Vrban. Calucto.
Hier. BeniB. lib.
l-cap.ii.



f Aureafunt
vere nunc fecu*
la ire. Quid.
Firft was an
Age of gold:
then golden
goodnefl's a-
bounded;
Lift is an Age
for gold rand
now gold oaly
triumpheth.
Abr. Fmace,
Amintas.
" Ouiedo, lib.6.
eap.S.

t Acofljjitb.i.
cap. 7.



u Vlin.lib.ij,
t»p.6



Cha P.i. AMERICA. The feuentb'Booke^ 72^

• lin" the darkehollowes and hels which ic cannot (ee, the Heaters forced out of tho{(i ^

poffeflions wherein they challenged fucceffion and inheritance after the deceafcand
remouing of the earth : all filled with darkeneflcjto bring to light thoic metals, which
poflefllngthepofleflburs, depriiicthenjofthehigheft light, and brand them for the
joweftdarkneffe. Precious perils, ^ where fbmany bodies are pined, fo many foules x Vmhrapm^
endangered, fo much good loH for goods, and man, for price, fetteth himfclfc at the cHk.fodu.BHU
wor(t and bafcft price of all that he hath. Howhappie and golden was the outward «''Co»>/.
ftate ofthefe Indians.bcfore they accounted gold any part of their happinesjandfound
it the caufe of their ruinc ?

Their gold y is found either in Graines, which they call Pippins, becatife they are y Acofin, Oiue-
likc thePippins or Seeds of Melons ; which is pure, and hath no need of melting : or in do,HerHTa,S!x,
powder, which is found in Riucrs, mixed with the foile and fands. for which Tagiu^
TaUolH-s, and Ganges haue bcenc famous : or elfc in flone, being a veine that growcth
and engendreth, intermixing it lelfe with the ftones. Thofe Pippins.or pecces of pure
gold, found among the Rockes or Hils, are fometimcs very great. Peter Martyr ■^tzh t- P«- A/jcr;r,
of one that weighed three thoufand three hundred and ten Pez^oi, and was with much '^^•••''^•lo-
people and treaiure drowned, in the fhip called Boadilla, being therewith furcharged,
in the returne homewards: AfitEinblemeforChriRians,which when they will ^/.W? a Abae.2.6,
themfelnes with this th'.ckf cl.iy, ^ drownethefoideinptrditionanddeHrnBion. c Ouiedo ^ t.rim.S.l,
(who a long time held the office of Proucditor for the mmesj faith that hee faw two c Hijl.Coi'.ind.
araines ofgold, one ofwhich weighed fcuen pounds, and was in value fcuen hundred lib.i.ca^.'s,
Caftilians or Pczos ; the other iiue pound, and was worth fiue hundred, and many o>
thcrof one, two, or three hundred. Yet are not thefe graines fo welcome to the Mi»
ners.as that in powder .bccarfc this continueth (and therefore in fine containeth)mote
then the former. He obfnueth, that gold hath a farre brighter liiftre in the natural vir-

" ginitie, then when it hath pafied the fire and mans indufirie: and tfiat coles are often
found vervfrefK,whcrc they lindc gold, which place he thinks was lometimes the face
ofthe earth, and by T«>»f(vvhichconferueth coles as well 3i gold vnder the earth with*
out corruption) couered through fhowers, bringing the earth from the higher places,
whereby heefippofeth ic cametopaffc, that in a virgin mine fifteene foot vnder the
earthjhe once found two rings ofthe Indian fafhion : he addeth.that the gold in ftonc
willrunneasfinallasapinorthreed,andmeetingwitha hollow place, tillethit, and
foguideththe Miner by thicke andthinne, but alway pliant and flexible like liquid
' waxe, till the firft fight of our aire breathes (as from the couetous hard hearts of men)
this naturalll hardncfle.which it p^efentech to vs. The wilde Indians had the art of gil-
ding their Workes with fuch dextcritic, that they feemed pure gold : which myfferie .

. thev performed with certaine herbes, butwould neuerteachitany European. The «'<'""'■ ''^<■■^
V ^ , . r. /• ■ . 1 ,- J I ■ J cn I- • • u • \ ■ ijr 1 . * See hereof

Indians ^ ni Hifpaniolaoblerued a kind ot Religion in gathering their gold (as the A- oidcdo vbi /up,
rabians in their Frankinccnfc) fafted, and for twcntie dayes fpace came not at their f P/is; faith
■Wiues, othcrwife thinking they fliould finde none, (^olumbiu imitating the like fu- (bucnoctrue-
perflition, would fuffer none to Iceke this golden Idoll,withor.t thofe gilded cercmo- l^'^ that ffluer
iiies of ConfcfTion, and their Sacrament before receiued. The gicateft quantitieis p J^^"^' ^°""**
drawne at the Indies in the powder- gold.Thc gold in fionc is drawne out ofthe mines g 1 h'auc feene
or pits, with great diSiculcie. They refine powdred gold in bafens, « wafliing it in lomeinall
many waters, vntill the fand fall from it, andthegold, asmorcheauic, remaineth in proportionre-
thebottome. They haue other meanes of refining it with Qn^ick-dluer and (hong j^'^^'blmg
Waters. In the Fleete 7 jS^.thedeclarationof thehrmeland wastwclue CafTons or Jea^uesVpreaj!
Chelis, v;hichwas fo many hundreth weights ofgold:befides one thoufand fiftie and anddiu:dcd, '
lix Mares from New Spaine, which was for the King only, uot mentioning that which and a ftalke
camefor Merchant?, and priuate men. dcfcending.

For the Siluer; the fccond place is giucn to it among mettals, becaufe next to r^'^"^ '""""''
Cold it is themoft durable, and lefl'e endamaged by the fire, and in the found and muchlfke'thc
colour, pafleth the Gold The mines thereof are commonly in mountaines and rockcs, Ribwort,
feldomeinplaines.and Charnnaines. Sometimes they find it '^ ftragling, in peeces, TheJikerc-
not holding any continuing Veine: fometimes it is fixed, and fprcadeth itfelfein po^^'h ^«»-
dcpth and length like to great branches, z and armcs of Trees. Sttingeitisthat in ■^'^^•^"^'"''S-'-*-



724



Of the New iVorid^ why named America ^zjrc, C H a P.I.



c Sceofthefe
labours, P/w.
lib.i^.cdp.f.
iad more in
Aco^a lib, 4-



i Aftadeis
the height of a
nian.



foiiie places the fire, kindled with blowing of bellowes, willnotferueto refine the,
SUuer but they vfe furnaces called G«<«/r/«,fet in fuchplaces, where the winde conti-
nually bio wech. Thus in Peru.the mines of Porco ftoupe to artificiall fire$,which thofc
of Potozi fcorne and contemne. Potozi is a drie, cold, barren, and vnpleafantfoile.if
the rich mines did not more then fupplie all thofe dcfetits^and make it a plentifuU both
habitarion and Mart; not fearing the Heauens difafters, the cold Aire, the frowning
Earth , the fell fliowers, fo long as the filuer hookc can be fufficient attrailiue for for-
tainertore. Hence it is, that they feelc no want of ftore, and yethaueno (lore but of
want; theMinesexcepted, which (I know not how) are both ftore and want, accor-
ding as mens mindcs in a fecond refining can digeft and difpofc them. TheV which
workein the Mines fee no Sunne nor light, by abfence whereof they findc bothex-
treame cold, and drcadfull darknes, and an aire fo vnholeforoe.as makes them no leffe
fickejthenmentoflcdatfea. They <: bre3kethemettallwithhammcrs,and fplititby
force, and then carry it vp on their fhouldcrs,by ladders made of Ncates Leather iwi-
fted like peeces of wood, which are crofled with ftaues of wood : at the end of one
Ladder beginnes another with feates of wood betwcene, to reft them. They mount
three and three. He that goes before carries a candle tied to his thumbe: they haue
their mettall tiedin acloathlikeaScrip,eachmanbearingabout fifciepound weight,
and that commonly aboue an hundred and fifcie ^ ftades in height. The moft vluall
mannerof refininginthefetimesisbyQuick-filuer.and therefore there are not now
aboue two thoufand Guayras in Potozi, which haue beenc in times paft fix thoufan^:



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 141 of 181)