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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 142 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 142 of 181)
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a pleafantlighttofuch,whofcdarkned conceits make their HeauenvponEarth, to fee
fuch a rcfemblance of the Starric heauen, in the night.difperfing fuch a manifold light.
The Siluer fwimmes on the toppe, the other mcttalls vndcr, and the drofle in the bot-

tome.

TheQinck-filucr « is admired for his naturall properties, that being amctallit is
Liquid (not by Art as other metals, or bycxpence, in which refpeift the other may
no lefCe bee called ^ickj/i/uer, but) by it ovvne Nature : and being a Liquor, is more
heauic then thofe which haue a Natural! fubfiften ce j this fubfifting and finking to the
bottome, when the other fwimme aboue it. Gold onely challcngeth prcheminence,
liTlmit <" bebelceued. Nothing in this admirable liquor is more to be admired ihca
the naturall loue, and fyropathie which it hath to Gold: asappearcthinfiich, asfor
French difeafe vfe oyntments of this compofition S if they weare a Gold-ring in their
mouth, it attrafteth this quicke and willing metall to it, from the Vcines and inward
parts, into which it had fecretly and dangeroufly conueyed it felfe .• the Ring plucked
out of the mouth is of a Siluer complexion, which mutuall copulation nothing but fire
can diuorce, or reftorethe fameto the former colour. In their gildings of curious
hAcoflx faith, workes, it hath beeneobferued that the worke-men whichvfe Quick-filuer to thac
thacif it meet purpofe, topreuent the fecret and vcnemous exhalations thereof, haue fwallowed a
withnofohd double duckat of Gold rolled vp, which drawcs that fume of this Liquor which enters
in at the eares,eyes,nofe,and mouth.vnto it in the ftomacke. ^ And for this fuiTie,L<>(»-
niM tellech, that the Gold-fmithes hanging a cloath ouer the place where they Giide,
which recciueth the fume of the Qmck-filuer, finde that fmoakc in the cloath ; recoue-
ring againe his former nature in drops ofthat liquid metall. Vene-num rcrum omnmnu
fume,°aui"eih ^JJ, faith /"/w^ ; it is a venometo all things, and yet a greater venome is in the mouth
r)'° '^v\r' of man. I meane not that ' ^ojfon of tyifpes vrtder the/>ppesof many, as the Prophet
iKoOT ' m"' fpeaketh in a fpirituall fenfe, but euen in naturall operation, the Spettle of man enue-
PfllmMol „ometh, with a ftrongerpoyfon, this poyfon of Quick-filuer,and cither killethit.k or
kSomethinkc atleaB depriueth it of the motion and quicknefle, and maketh it pliant to Medicines
thatQuicke- and oyntments. Yea,romc ' rcportthatthisSpettleofman,ari(ing of fecret vapours
out of the bodie, as infe6lious exhalations out of vnholefome Lakes, efpecially when
amanisfafUno.killethScorpionSjandothcrvenemousbeafts, or at lead doth much
hurt them. Qmck-filucr difdaincth other mettalls,onely it is thus rauifhed with Gold,
and not a little affcfted to filuer, for the refining of which, it is principally in vfe ; is
corruptcth, forceth, confumeth, and fleeth the reft, as much as may bee, and there-
fore they vfe to kcepc it in Earthen VeflellS, Bladders, Skinncs,Quilles, and fuch vn-

6tuouj



c Acofla lib.^, >
fap.19.



i ?rtn.vhi[iip.



g Lemnmde
occultis naiur*
miraculU

caf. vli.



.lib-j.



bodis,wh:re it
maycongele,
itafccndstill
the aire by
cooling the



filuer cannot
quite be killed
1 OefaliM ho-
m'mis mirabiU
tffcHu iiidt
hemniumdetc-
culi. Nat, lib.i.



Chap. 2. AMERICA. Theei^ht^ooke: 71$



Suous rccftacles. It hath pierced and eaten through the bodies of men,and hath bin
found in fl^ir "raues. Quicke-filuer is found in a kindc ot ftone, which doth likewife
yceldVrrmiilion. At ArMdorde Cahera is fuch a ftonc or rocke, fourcfcore yards
Jong.fortic broad.interlaccd with Quicke-filucr.with many pits in it.threefcore ftades
decpe^and i» able to receiue three hundred workcmcn : it is valued worth a million of
oolde. From the mines of G'«^»c<«*^'/i'/»,thcy draw yearely eight thoufand quintals of
Quickc-filuer. As for the manner ofrefiningfilucr.byQuickc-filucr.their Engines and
Mills.with the triall of their mettallj referrc the Reader to ■" Acesia. . ^ AcoftU-

jitibaltba maruelled why the Europeans hauing fuch Cryftaline and pure Glajfes, mhj.
Would cxpofe themfelucs to thofe dangers by !ca and land, for thofc mcttals which he
thought not comparable to the fame. Well indeedcmight he haue wondred , if ihac
Art had rcmained.which ' (T know not how ttuely) Plime, Petrenin^, Ifdorns^ and o- 'yid.ian.'D.vfr.
thers report,to haue been in Ttberiw his time ; to whom one prefented a faire GUiTc, frxc:d..ul Arbit,
which being caft on the ground..was bowed but not broken: and beingtakcn vpby |;;^"';f ^ ^ ^^.
the fame Artificcr.was with his hammer brought to the former forme and beauiie.His ;jj^';,"^ j"/
reward, bcfides the wonder and aftonifhment of the beholders, was that v\hich prcci- roliattis,^. j.
ousthingsoften procure theirowncrs. Forthe Emperour asking whether any other fidesfapenes
knew this myfterie,this being denied, he caufed his head (the onely worke-houfe of autbonm.
this fccrct)to be fmotc off.lert goldc and filuer fliou!d giuc place to Art.The Emeralds
growinfioncshkecryftall, and there are many of them in the Indies. But of thefe
and other gemmes it would be too tedious to write. Let vs come to the Men, Beafts,
Fowlcs,and Plants of this new world.




'Chap. II.

OfthefirBknowkdge^ kal>itatia>t, and dtfcoueries of the New IVerld^
and the rare Creatures therein found, Beafts^Birds,
Trees, Hearbs^ and Seeds.

?Fterthefe gcnerall Difcourfes of the Americans, fome other of like na-
ture I holde not vnmeete to be handled.before we come to the particu-
lar Regions : and firft of the men.whether the Ancients had any know-
ledge ofthem : how men firft came into thefe partes , and of the firfl

__, __, difcoueries in the former Age. Concerning thcfiift knowledge of thefe

partes,it m"ay iuftly be a queftion w hcther the Auncients cuer heard thereof. For to_
fay nothing ofthat opinion, that the torrid Zonewasnot habitable in theopinionof
the moft,as wee haue fhewed in the former Chapter: theallegations » arc not fuch as , mmf.Gilberi
canforcevstobeleeucthat,wheretoby great Authours they arc alledged. Senecas Difcou.
Prophefie is little to the purpofe : New-worlds (faith he) Hiall be in the laft Ages dif- Ortel.Thcttjn
couered,and*n«/^fliallnotbeanylongerthefurtheftof Nations. But all that a«- JJ^^'J*/*"
rfti feemesto a diligentReader to intend nothing elfc, then to defcribe the vfuall af- j)cd.to.i.&tir.^
feas.andcffeasoffhippingand Nauigation; agreeing to that s^r^o- Argument of sen.MedcaAa.
the Tragedie,wherein/<!/o« in that famous <>y1rgo fay ling to Colcos, had obtained 2.
7l/^^f<«'.rloue. which he vnkindlyrequited.And had the Poet intended thcfc weft erne 'Thukiiby
,^ . , . 1 , J u r • I Mcnator and

Difcoueries,he would neuer haue laid others inter-

Necfit terrii Vltima Thale : but preted Ifland :

Nee fit telliu Vltima Gades, ^7 Oi-'f ''«

, , , . Tilemarke m

as Boterus <= obferueth for the American Difcoueries haue not beene by the way of Jfe- Norway.

land.andNorthward.but Southward : and this appcareth by the Verfes before, c Batem fart.i.

J^nc iam cefsit PontHS & omnes,

Patttur leges

^ttlibetaltumcymhafsrerrat:
NilcjHitfuerat.ftde^reliqHit

Ptritins



7^6 Of thefirU knowkdgtj^c.cfthe new Worldji^rcQ n a p.l:



Permusorbis, Indus geUduntj \

Pot At Araxem,Albm P erfji \

RhinHmof^bibHnt-^vententannit
Seculaferi6,<^uibus Oceaniis
VmcuLi rtrmn Uxet,

courfehercof As for/'/d/oVa Yf//<j«/if,and 7 *r/«//M»/««y£fl«borrowcd ofhim, jcoH.t alledgeth

inhis T:mxHi, diucrs P Utontkes ^Procluf ,Porfhyrie and Origen, which interpret Plato afteramyfticall

isengliitiedby fenfc; and proueth by the wordes oi Plato himfelfe.that they can be no true Hiitorie.

Preamble of The like allegations hath Mar films Ficinus in his Commentaries vpon Timaas & Cri-

thcDecads. r;<M,hovvfoeuer he alledgeth Crrfw/flr, and foiTie others which efteeme it a bareHifto-

uidKam.pref, ric : to which yet his thoufands ofyeares before the floud, denic truth and credite,al-

tidvol.i- though we intcrprete them of the yearcs of the Moone. Ficinus fhewcth both their

c Tertu.de Allcgoricali.and his Anagoeicall interpretation. ButtheDifcourfeofP/^roconnota-

Avalozet. greCjit it were a Hutorie,to Amcrica,ootn becaule it placeth AtUnits at the mouth or

f Ac0li.l.i.c.zi. entrie of the firaits by f/f rf»/^jpillars,whencc this is by a huge fca leperatcd : and that

g Plut.dc fa- j5 not faid flill to continue land ,but by an earth-quake to haue funke and become Sea.

cie ia erbe Luna 'YUztwhith ii cited out c[ Arifiotleh'xs Adinirandxa/idnioKfs, if any reade the place,

^5*' "■ may appcsrcto befomcneeter Ifland, and neither Ifland nor continent of America.

lOruLmchar. Neither can I credite that which ^ 0»;Wo fuppofeth of the Hefpcridcs Iflands, cited

ta 6. out oiPlime,Ai(Lt^Solinus,A2iu\icd ouer with Mortcr,borrowcd of fabulous TerofhSf

k Antonhii?A' and the Poets,as if in thofefirft ages of ihe world they had bceneSpanifh inheritance,

"""'• and noneotherthen H'y^<iw«e/<«,orfomcoth<;rofthelflandsormaincl3ndofthisnew

1 Amtj «' vvorld.thehiftorics whereofmieht perhaps moueC(j/f/»;^;!/j to thefedifcouerics.
Lucanimn. the ' ri r r , ^ i • • t^i .^ i .

kinedoroc of ^^^ o\ Plutarch and other Hiltories or the CarthaginianjPna:nici3n, and Tyrrheni-

Napks. an Nauigations they haue conied^ures,but very vnccrtaine, and obfcure randthofe

m e.G»ni,hiJi. things,which'Z).'«<^('''«/ reports of that ]land,agreenothingto the New-World which
gcn.c.^. [laj not attained to that ciuilitie he there mentioncth , before the Spaniards' arriuall.

V^ ^nctd'i And by his Difcourfe it lecmcs rather to be fomeofthe Iflands of Africa; then Ame-
Ser^'cavliifupra rica,if thcHiftoric^ be true. Neither could 'fuch long voyages fo farre off from any
o Ofthelup- landjbe performed withoutthehelpeoftheCompaiTe.whichwasfirftfoundthirteenc
pofcd former hundred yeares after Chrilt.by lohn Cjoia of Mclfi , according to that Verfe ofPanor-
Uifcouerici ot fy,ftan ^^ Primm dedit naatit vftm Magretn ^ Ama/phii. Gc?»ar a "^dtcih BloKdus, at\d
r ^icOrtd ' ■^'^ff^'*'-^'^^^'^'*', witncflcsof this Melfian inucntion, faucthatheecallcs himnoc
Tbeat.ckvta 6. Ioh»,zs Ortelius doth,but PUuius dt Afalphi. And in thctcmpefls,\vhich happened a-
p P. Veyfcll hi- mong the Auncients," it fecmes that for want ofthis skil!,thcy wandered very vncer-
ftoiieofCara- taine, but as the SunneorStarreSjby returncofiheirdeliredlight , after thctcmpefis
btia,pag.ii7. cnded.dircfted them.

eDaH iLrarrr. Yet I will not fay,butthat inthofetimesofoldc, fome ftiips might comefomtime
Hali.e'dit.i .to.j. by cafualtie into thofe parts,© but rather forced by weather,thcn dircdted by skill ; and
Meredith a f thus it is likely that fome parts of America haue beene peopled. This I much doubt;
Rife & Giityn whether their Science in Nauigation was fuch, as thatthey would voluntarily aducn-
0)vf« make ture,and could happily cffeCl this voyage to and from the Weftlndies. The mofl pro-
this Owfsj Na- bableHiftorieinth:sk ndeis(inmy n inde)thatofp /^rf^foc^t/j OwcnGrcjneth, who
uigation.Scc by realbn of ciuiU contentions, left his countrey of Wales, feeking aduenturcs by Sea,
H^-'o-j-p"- andleauingthe coaft of Ireland North,camc to a land vnknowne,whcre he faw many
r h^:Atulferos foanae thi'iies.

mana*^" "' Th s by D.'Tfljrf/Zjand M^.T/^wf^c^ Z-J!>»7(!(,is thoughttobec the Continent of the
ACiolVetcn new world, confirmed herein by the fpccch of yI/«iTf;t«w<j,profe(Ting his Progenitors
footelong,to to be (Grangers ; and fo were all the Mfxicancs to thofe partes , as the Hiiiorie inthc
which thev eight Chapter following will fhcw : and by the vfe ofcertaine Wclfh wordes, which
prayedmA- i Dan id Ingram obferued inhis trauell throughthofc parts. The Hiflorieaddeth that
ne Gomar. ^^ '^^' certaine of his people thcre,and comming home for more people, returned thi-
hifl-oi Cortes, tbcr with tenne faile. Kowfoeuer;itis certainethat the prints of this Britrifli Expe-
furt.u&gen. dition are in manner worne out , andnofigne thereof was found by the Spaniards:
fc/jl^dif.z.c.Si- OnelyrtheyyfedaCrofTeinCumana.-in the Ifland of Acuzamil, the fame waswor-

fiiippcd:



Chap. 2. AMERICA. The ei^ht 'Bock?: yij

fliippcd : but without any mcmoricofChrift,or any thing fauouring that way ; and
might as well be there without any Chriftiansercrting, as thole Croflcs which in the
iixt booke we haue {liewcd,were in the Temple oiSerafis, at Alexandria, As for A/«-
tezMma being a flrangcr,it might be fo,and yet his Progenitors of fonie other parts of
America. Andthe wordesof Wclfhare' very few, which, as it happens in any other f y[,rcccr
language,mightby fome chance come to pafle. Butifanybcdefiroustobclccucthat foutewords.
this MaAoc peopled the Continent or Iflands of America, rather then the Terceras,or
(bmcofthc African llands.I will not hinder: nor will Irunnetoo much out of com-
paflc.in pleading for the Compaflc, as which onely can dircdin fuch fpacious Seas.
Yet of this opinion is that learned and iudiclous Author, lejephpujicolla, who dili-
gently difcuifing this queftion, How men paffed firft to the Indies; largely , and lear-
nedly contendeth,that they came not thither purpofely,if they came by Sea.butby di-
ilrefleofweathcrjandyetfindes no lefle difficultie (that way) in the tranfporcing
bcalb ; efpecially wilde.and vnprofitable beafls.which is not like any would take into
Ship with them.much Icfle conucy them ouer fo huge an Ocean. At laft hee conclu-
deth.that although fome might arriue there by fliip- wracke, and tempeft of weather,
yet is it moft likely that the hrft Inhabitants (dcfcended ofj4dam and Noah , of which
oue^ ^U»d God hathmade aHmaHlrwde, to tiwellott all the face of the Earth , and hath £ AB.xt.iS.^
afstgned the hounds oftheir habit at ion) ^i^td\.\\\therhy(omt place where the Conti- O.ff/wsinbis
ncnt ofour world ioyneth with America: or where the Hands thereofare found fit "'apof.vtoe
mediators for this paflage , being not farre diftant from the land. And this on the fomethThac
North parts of the World,(whcre they place that fabulous ftrait of Anian,not yet cer- the peopleof
tainely difcouered) may be fo : befides that, on the South , men might pafle from the Amciica in
coafts of Malacca to Iaua,and fo to the South Continent, and from thence by the Ma- I'kehhood
gcllane ftraiis into America. Gronland is thought aIfo,by fomc.to be the fame Conti- )^o)^|^°P^''*
nciw with Eftotiland on the North. SomeNegro's by force of tempeft.it is probable, by Gronknd
haue pafled hither.bccaufc in Careca fome haue beene found,betweene S.Martha and ifljndjFii- '
Cartagena, Ofwhom/«/^»''<^/Crfiif<r//<»»<'jwriteth. fland,&c.

Son todos cllos Negros como cuerMos,&c.Thcy are all (faith he) as blackc as Rauens. " '''■'^' (^'M-
And of this minde is Bottro* and thofe French Worthies, Du BartM , and Philip Mor. ^"^^ ^^,^^^
vtj. It is not likely thatthcbeafts could otherwifepafle.but by the Continent, or by co/tfai«. ' "*
Ilands not farre offfrom the Continent, or from one another. Mr, Brerewood, a man Morney.
Jcarned and iudiciouSjin his Pofthumeworkey of Languages and Religions.affirmeth deveri'.
that America rcceiued her firft inhabitants from thofe parts of Afia where the Tartars ^^'^'ft-^fl'g-_
firftinhabited. For thofe parts of America being moft repleniHied which refped Afia; ^'^""^ ''*'^*'>'
and there being no token ofthe Arts or induftrieofChina, India, or Cataia; inmany
things alfo they feeming to refemble thofe olde Tartars : and their countrey being ey-
ther not at all.or leaft of all other.fcuered from the North parts of America: he conclu-
deth as aforefaid. A man may wih like probable conieiSturs bring them fiom thcSa-
moyeds bordering Northwards from RuiTia,and the Laplanders, which by Northerne
Ilands (whereoftherc are fome daily difcouered) might by pafTing from one to ano-
ther,featthemfeluesinGrecnland,Gronland,Eftotiiandand other parts, ncere to, or
vpon America. For the Inhabitants of the one are much like to the other. And thus by
many wayes Gods prouidence might difpofe inhabitants to thefe parts; that we fpeak
not of the South vnknowne Continent,which is fuppofed to extend it I'elte to the line,
and from the Hands of Afia might eafily recciue and conuay Inhabitants hither. As
ioiGenebrards deriuationofthc Americans from the tenne Tribes, proued by the Genebr.chron.
dreames offy^r<»,eI(ewhere alledgcd with like truth for the Tartars,and fomcinfcrip- ''-e^ cl-Durct.
tions out of 7 heitet, they which will may beleeuc.

Here aifoarifeth another queftion, how thefe beafis could pafle from the partes of
the knowne world, where none fuch are knovvne : to which it may be anfwered, That
God hath appointed to eucry Creature his peculiar nature, and a naturall inftinit, to
liue in places moft agreeing to his nature : as cuen i n our world , Non omnis firt ewnii$
tellnj : Euerie Countrey hath not all creatures : the Elephant Rhinoccros,Riuer horfe,
CrocodiIe,Camell,Canielopardalis,and ocher$,are uot ordinarily.and naturally in Eu-

ro^ e ;



728 Of thefirU knowledge y<jru of the new WorU^^c. C H a p .X;

rope: nor the Zebra in Afia or Europe: and the like may beefaid of many other
creatures.

Now.as the Arkc it felfc, (the Cradle of man,and ftall of beafts, ) we mufl not on-
ly Obfcruc Nature and Art,for the making and managing thereof, but a higher and
more powerful! hand reuenfoin difpenfmg the creatures which came from thence
they chofc places by their o wne naturall inftind.and man difpofcd by his induftry,3c-
cordingashehadvfeofthem;butmoftof all, the fecret and mightic prouidence of
■" M«w'/r«y ^°'^ co-working in thofe works of Nature and Induflrie.and (in likelyhood) infufing
lerts uifco. fommorc fpeciall and extraordinarie inftinft in that rcplenifhing and refurnifhing of
ihtVioxXAyf Afngningtheirfeafons and bounds of habitation, hath thus diuerflficd his
Workes,according to the diuerfities of places , and forted out to each countrcy their
peculiar creatures. As for the comming by fhip.it is for the beafts improbable, for the
men (by any great numbers,orofanyfctpurpofc)vnIikely( except as before isfaid)
feeing in all America they had no fliipping,but their Canoes.The beafts alfo haue not
bin found in the Ilands.which are in the Continent. And if any hereunto willaddea
fuppofition,that there might be fome Hands or Parts of the continent in times paft,
which is now fwallowcd by the mercileflc Ocean, fo that then there might be a way,
which now is buried m the waues : (as fome * fuppofe) of P/ato's Atlantis , placed at
the mouth of the ftreits,or Herculej pillars,which yet they would haue to be America,
and fome ofthc* Sea betwixt Doner and Callais, once one firme Land (as they doc
imagine) I lift not to contradict them.

As for the Indians owne report of their beginnings, which fome afcribe to a foun.
taine,others to a lake, others to a caue,or w hat other opinion they conceiue thcrof, we
fliall more fitly obferue in their proper places, difcourling of their Religions and Opi-
nions. Now for the firfl certaine Difcouerie of this New World.the World generally
afcribeth it to CelumbM, and worthily : but Colnmbtu himfclfe is faid to haue receiued
his inftru^tions from another.

This Hiftorie is thus related by (jomtira,i.V[A loannes Mariana : A certaine Caraue!;
fayling in the Ocean,by a ftrongEaftwinde long continuing, was carried to a Land
vnknowne,whichwas notexpreflcd intheMapsandCardcs. It was much longer in
returningjthen in going; and arriuing.had none left aliue but the Pilot, and three or
fourc Marrincrs,the reft being dead of famine and other extremities; of which alfo tht
remnant perifticd in few dayes.leauing to « Columbtu ( then the Pilots hoft ) their Pa-
pcrs,and fome grounds of this Difcouerie. The time,placc,countrey, and name of the
man is vncertaine : fome efteeme this Pilot an Andaluzian, and that he traded at Ma-
dera,when this befell him : fome a Bifcainc , and that his trafificke was in England and
France ; and fome a Portugall,that traded attheMina :fome fay hcarriucd in Poriu-

gall ; others at Madera,oratoneofthe Azores: all agree that hee died in the houfe of

fnca,andthere Chrtflfpbtr Colnmbw.lt ismoft likely at Madera. This relation (as it hath no witneffes
married. Gom. to proue it, the whole companic being dead; nor any good circumftances, fo) Benz.0
and Ramufiiu <* plainly affirme it to be a fable,and a Spanifli tricke, enuy ing a forreincr
and Italian that giorie to be the firft finder of the Indies. And the moft fincerc and iu-
dicious of the Spaniards themfclues efteeme it but atale, as appears by the teftimonie
o{(^onx.itloFtrnandodeOuiedo in his Sttmmarieyit. more fully in \\\%gneral*Hiflerie of
the Indies. They fhew,and fo doth he which then liuedin the Court of Spaine, Peter
J/^rr^rjanother caufe that moucd Columbtu to this Dircouery,and not that Pilots pa-
pers or 'reports. For,hcbeingaMarriner, vfedtotheScafrom his youth, and fayling
from Cales to Portugal!, obferucd, that at certaine feafons ofthe ycare.the windes v-
fed to blowe from the Weft, which continued in that manner along time together,
iedurcs to this j\n(j deeming that they came from fome coaft beyond the Sea, he bufied his mind

di.couery)was fo much heerewith, that he refolued to make fome triall and proofe thereof. When
conhrmedtur- , ^ . ,11 111- ri^ cr^

he was now rortie yeares oldc, he propounded his purpoie to the Senate oiL»cnua,vn-

dertaking, if they would lend him Ships, hec would finde a way by the Weft vnto the

Hands ofSpices. But they reie(51:ed it as a drcame.

Columbm fruftratc ofhis hopes at Genua, yet leaucs not his refolution , but gocth

to



■L S

Gilberts
uericofche
North weft.
PUtos owne
Difcourfe tells
that it was
fwallowed by
an Earth-
quake.
aRVerftegMs
Antiquities:
b F.Gj'tftor.
gener-pitrt.i.
ca.i^.lMar.

c Colimbm was
borne at Cu-
gureo.or (as
fome fay) at
Ncruiin the
Territorie of
Genua: he was
amarriner
from a childe,
& traded into
Syria, and o-
ther parts of
the Eaft. After
thishebecame
a mafterin
making Sea-
cardcsihewct
to Porcugaljto
learn their na-
uigations on
the coaft of A-



ci.\^,R.Eden.
d Hiir.Ben'^
lib.ucap.^.
Ram.pref.i.vol,
'L.i.c.i.
e Gafpar Ens .
lih.i.c.i.
conieftiircth,
that Columbus
(moued wichj
his owne con-



ther therein
by this Pilot,
which is faid
to die in his
houfs.



* Chap. 2. AMERICA. Theei^ht!Booke. yi^

toPortugalI,andcommunicatcsthismatcer with Alfhonfus King ofPortugall; biit
finding no entcrtaincment to his fuitcs, fcndeth his broihev Burthe/omew Columhus to
King Henry the feuenth of England, to folicite him in the matter, whiles himfelfcpaf-
led into Spaine,to implore the ayde of the CaHilians herein.

"Bartholomew f vnhappily lighted on Pirats by the way , which robbing him and his f ft^»Md cd-
companie, forced him to fuftain himfelfc with making of Sea-Cardes.And hauing got- '"'»*-'»^"«
tcnfomewh3tabouthim,prefentsaMappcofthe World to King Hemic ^ with his thorlcJi-'
brothers ofFerofDifcouerie: which the King gladly accepted, and fent tp call him Hak-tem!i.'&
into England. But he had fped of his fuite before in Spain,3nd by thcKing & Qucene Nauig.c.col.m
was emploied according to his requeft.For comming s from Lesbonc to Palos di Alo- ^p-Orb. Ouu£
guer, 2nd there conferring with Martin Alonfe Pinz.eti,zn expert PiIot,and Frier le.Pe- '•^•'^•4-
r^^ a good Cofmographer,hc was counfellcd to acquaint with thefehisproiects.the ^ ^<»"«''"-^?
Dukes of Medina Sidonia , and ofMedina Ca^H : which yeelding him no creditc, the
Frier counfelled him to goe to the Court, and wrote in his behalfe to Frier Firnand di
Telauer* the Queenes ConfefTor.

ChriHofher Columbus eame to the Court of Caftilc, Ann.i^%6 and found cold wel-
come to his fuitc,at the handes of theKing and Qucene then bufied with bote warrcs
in Granada, whence they expelled the Moores. And thus remained he in contempt.as
a man mcanelyclothedjWithout other Patron then a poore Frier, faue that <i/1lonfo di
Quint Amglta gaue him his dict,who alfo at lafl: procured him audience with the Arch-
bifliopofToledo.bywhofc mediation he was brought before the King and Qucene,
who oauehim fauourablc countenancejand promifed to difpatch him, when they had
ended the warresofGranada,which alfo they performed. Thus Celumbus is fct forth
with three Carucls at the Kings charges.who bccaufe his treafurc was then fpcnt in the
warrcs,borrowed fixtecne thoufand duckats oiLewesde Santt' Angela : and on friday



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 142 of 181)