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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 143 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 143 of 181)
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thcthirddayofAuguft.mtheyeareofourLord1492.in aveflell called the Gallega,
accompanied withthePintaandNinna,inwhichthePinzons, brethren, went as Pi-
-lotSjWith the number ofa hundred and twentie perfons,or thereabouts, fee failefof
Gomera.onc of the Canatie IIands,and hauing there rcfrcflied himfelfe , followed his
Difcoueric. After many dayes he incountred with that HearbieSea ( whereof before
wchauehfpoken) which not a little amated and amazed the Spaniards, andhadcau- j, Lib.j.(xle.
fed their 'returne.hadnotthe fight of fome birds promifed him land not farrc off. He i Pet. Man, '
alfo firft taught the Spaniards to obferue the Sunne and Pole in their Nauigations, dec.iM,\.
which till this voyage they had not vfed,nor knownc.

But the Spaniards,after threeand thirtic dayes fayling, dcfperate of fuccefTe, muti-
ned,andthreatnedtocaftCo/«»?^«^intotheSea:i'difdayning much, that aftranger, k AMnxoltb,
aGenuoishadfoabufedthem. But he pacifying their enraged courages with milde i-cap.6.
fpeeches,and gentle promifes , on the eleuenth day of Oflobcrl one Roderigo diTri. ^ Gafpar,E>ts
«t»<<efpied and cried,Land,Land 5 the beft mufickc that might be,efpecially to Celum- '''•^''•^'
^*/, who to fatisfie the Spaniards importunitie,had promifed the day before, that ifno
landappearedinthreedayesjhe wouldreturne. ""One, the night before, had deferred •" columh-
Firc,which kindled in him fome hope ofgreat reward at the Kings hand , when he re- ^'^"l,"''^'' '.
turned into Spaine, but being herein fruftratc, hee burnt into fuch aflame, as that it /.I'c.j.
confumed both Humanitie and Chriftianitie in him, and in the agonie of Indignation
made him leauc his countrey and faith,and reuolt to the Moores, But thee, (^o/umbus^
how can I but remember ?but louc ? but admire? Sweetely may thofebones reft,lbm-
times the Pillars of that Temple, where fo diuine a Spritite'refided; which neyther * Of his death
want of former example,norpubliquedifcouragcments of doniefticallandforreigne fecOukdol.}.
ftatcs,norpriuateinfL)kations of proud Spaniards, nor length of time (which vfually '^'
deuoureth the beft refolutions) nor the vncquall Plaines of huge vnknowne Seas, nor
graflie fields inTsljptHMesh^, nor importunate whifperings, murmurings.threatnings
of enraged companions, could daunt: Onamc ^«/<?«, worthy to bee named vn- n His true
to the Worlds end.which to the worlds end haft condu6ted Colonies; or may I call name was c»-
t\^ec Ctlomho (oi thy l^eite-lik^Jimphcitie and patience ? the true Colonna or Pillar, /»», which cor-
•whereon our knowledge ofthis new world IS founded, the true C/.)rififtf;)^«r , which ruftlyis callc
with more cfaen Giant-like force and fortitude haft carried Chrift his Name andReli- ^'"^"' '"*

gion.



7? o Of thefirU knowledge y(src. of the mw Worldjisrc, Chap .1;



gion,throiigh vnknowne Scas.tovnknowne lands : which we hope and pray , that it
may bcmorerefincd.andrcformedjthenPopifhfuperftition , and Spanifh pride will
yet fuffer. Now let the Auncicnts no longer mention NeptUKt, or Mines, or ErjthrM,
or I) anatti, to all which,diuers Authors diucrfly afciibethcinucntion ofNauigation ;
Myfians,Troyins,Tyrians vaile your bonnets, (irike your top- failes to this Indian- Ad-
«j/r4//,thatdereruechthcr«p-/<jz7ifindeede,by afpiringtothctoppe that fayling could
ayme at,in difcouering another froy/^. Let Spaniards French, Englifli, and Dutch re-
p Vroutrb'o-^ found thy namc,or his name rather,Pw^o/*»<»«;<f, whocan tell ? that would acquaint
thee,and the world by thec,with ncwcs of aNcw- world.

But left we drownc our fclues in this Sea of Extafie and Admiration , let vs goe on
fliore with Co/«w^*« in his new difcouered Hand. Andfirft methinkes I feethcSpa-
niards.yefterday in mutinie, now as farrc diftrailcd in contrary pafllons ; fomc gazing
with grcedic eyes on the delired Land; fome withtearcs ofioy, notable to fee that,
which the ioy of feeing made them not to fee : others embracing , and almoft adoring
^ff/«w>^«f,wno brought them to that fight : fomc alfo with fccret rcpinings cnuying
that glorie toaftrangcr ; butbiting in theirbiting enuie,and making fhew of f;lec and
gladnefle : all new awaked out of a long trauncc,into which that Itep-mother Ocean,
with dangers, doubtSjdreadsjdefpaircs had dcie»$led thcm.reuiucd now by the fight of
theirmother-earth, from whom in vnknowne armes they had beene fo long weaned
and detained. On fhorc they goe and felling a tree,make aCroffe thereof^which they
creflcd on the fhore.and take poflcflionofthat new world in the name of the Catho-
like Kings. This was done on the eleucnthofOd^obcr, onethoufand foure hundred
fourefcoreandtwelue.in thclfland Guanahani.oneof theLucai.which ColumhonA-
ined SanSalnatore : fronJ whence he fay led toBaracoa.ahauenon'the North fide of
ihe lleCuba.wherehe went on land, and asked of the Inhabitants for Cipango (fo
doth Frfw/wx call lapan). They vndcrftanding him of Gbao ( where arc the richefl
mines ofHifpaniola)figned him, that it was inHaiti, (fowas the ]fland then called)
and fome of them went with him thither.

Whatworldlyioy is not mixed with fomc difaftre? their Admirall hecre fplitteth
Som ihinke °" ^ Rocke.i but the men are faued by the helpc of the other (hippes. This fell out in
cohmbui (iid the North part of Hifpaniola (fo named by them) where they had fight of Inhabitants,
rnn on ground which feeing thcfeftrangers.ramTC all away into the Mountaines. One woman the
ofpurpofe, Spaniards got, whom they vfcdkindly,and gauc her meatCjdrinke and clothes, and io
thathemiglu Ycx.\\zt goe. She declaring to her people the liberalitic of this new people, eafily per-
hindc fwaded them to come in troupes to the Ships, thinking the Spaniards to be fomedi-

uineNation,fent thither from heauen. They had before taken them for the Caribcs,
which are certain Canibals,which vfed inhumanehuntings for humane game.to take ,
men for to eate them: Children likcwife, which they gelded to haue them more fat,
and then to deuoure them: the women they ate not,but vfed them for procrcation.and
if they were olde/or other feruiccs. The Ilanders had no other defence againft them
but the wooddic hills.and fwifttft hceles : to which they betooke them at the Spani-
ards arriualljthinking them (as is faid) to be Caniballs. And fuch haue they fincc pro-
r ^art.de (as «ed in "■ cffe6l,not leaning of three millions of people which here they found,two hun-
taUiyHifiiM. dred,and that long fincc.

crudclu. The Diueli had forewarned them of this by f Oracle , that a bearded Nation

f Hiftorieof^ fhouldfpoyle their Images, and fpill the blond of their children, as wee fnalHcein

H ^^enioU^\ the particular Traftate of Hifpaniola, Nothing more plealed the Spaniards then the

Golde.which the naked Inhabitant* exchanged with them for Bells, Glades, Points,

and other trifles.

Th F r f Co/«w^«jobtainedleaueof (j«4f«i»«r«//«j,theCacikeorKing, tobuilda'Fort, in

tkeNatiuity which he lefi eight and thirticSpaniards,and taking with him-fixe Indians, returned to

in Hifpaniola. Spaine,where he was highly welcomed of the King and Queene. Some controucrfic

fell out betwccne Columbus, ^in^i one of the Pinzons, Mafter of one of the Carauels, a-

bout leauing thefe men behinde; but Columbus fent a Letter to reduce him vnto peace

by the Indians, who held the Letter in almoft religious regard , thinking it had lome

Spirit or Deitie,hy which they could vnderftand one another being abfcnt.

The



C H A p.l- AMERICA. The eight <Booke. 7j i

The Pope » (then a Spaniard, Alexander the fixe hearing of this,diuided the World, ^ /tiexnndcr
by his Bull, betwixt thePortugals and Spaniards ; bearing date the fourth of May wkkedPope.
athoufandfoure huudred fourefcorcand thirtecne drawing aline a hundred Icaqucs Gmaisrd.i.i
beyond the Hands of Afores and Cape Verde, this Alexander gining (more then &licof whofe
Great Alexander could conquer) the Eaft to the one and Weft to the other. The Bull is ''•'"s'^f ^■^ ^'"-

ecomcan Vnicorne, and his two homes are nowgrowne into one: in the vniting wntcththat
ofthofc two ftates. Columbus, graced with the title of At^mirall, and enriched with fliee wa» Akx-
thc tenths oftheSpanifiigaines in the Indies , is fent a fecond •> time , withhisbro- andn Filia,
ther 'Bartholamevi' , who wasmade ex^^^/<?»M^oorDeputieot Hifpaniola. They sponfa,Nir,us
had allowed them for this expedition, fmall and great , feuenteenefnyle, andfifteene =''^"'';*^^yth«=
hundred men. The firfl Hand heecfpied in his fecond Nauigation,hee called ©f/^M. Juftj oftllefa-
</<*orD(r/7r^l!/, becaufchchadlonged tofee land. Arriuing inHifj^aniola, hee found ihcrandhis
theSpaniards which hee had left there, that they were now not left , norany where to two tonnes,
be found.The Indians hadmurdred tbcm.and laid the blame on the Spanifh infolencies. ^^^ Author of

Heenowbuilt and peopled the Towne of Ifabclla, which was their chiefc place of ^h-f^u''
refidenccandgoucrnment, whichintheyeareathoufand foure hundred nintie eight Spa^niardscha-
•were remoued to the Citie of San Domenico.They built a/fo the fort of Saint Z/^ow?^^: lenpc the new
but both in the one and the other the Spaniards died of famine through the Indians Wodd for
•wilfulnefle, who vn willing to haue fuch neighbours.would notplaut their (JMaiz,and j''^'"-
Jucca, and fo ftarued both themfelues and their gucfts. As for the Pocks, the Spaniards ^^^'•^^•'''SJ
in this Voyage gotte them of the Indian women and brought them into Spaine, as cOuied I
0»/if^o ofhisowne knowledge crcporteth of his owneCountriir.en: and they after c.iz.
paid the Indians "1 (in rccompenfe ) withadifeafe as deadly and infe«5lious to them dRamufinprte-
which confumedthoufands, andwasneuer before knowne amongft them:Imeanc /''^<"'t'»'-3-
the fmall Pockes, The other were improperly named of thcFrench, or of Naples, fee- OH.i.3,c.5.
ing that in thofc warres of Naples which the Spaniards maintained againft the French
fome carried this difcafe with them thither out of Spaine, and communicated the
fame both to the French and Neapolitans, hauingbeencvfuall, and eafily curable in
the Indies. Anothcrdifeafe alfoalTaulted them of a little kindeof Fleas calJedNi^uas
Vfhich would cat into, and breed in the flefli, and haue made many loofc rheirToes.

Colnmlim at this time difcouered Cuba and lamaica with the neighbour-Ifles. Re-
turning to Hifpaniola , he found his brother and the Spaniards in dtflention and
reparation, andpunifhingthc Authoursof fedition, returned home. In the yeare
of our Lord, one thoufand foure hundred foure fcore and feuenteene, hee made
his third Voyage, and then touched on the Continent; difcouered Cubagua, Paria,
andCumana.

But Roldanm XimeniHt rayf^ng a rebellion, andaccufingthcCo/^w^totheKing
effedcd that 5rj«/j<//& was fent Gouernour into Hifpaniola, who feat the two bre-
thren bound as prifoners to Spaine :vnworthie recompenceof the worthie attempts
ofthcfe Worthies. TheKing frecth them, and employeth C)!!r//?o/))[!fr in a fourth Voy-
age, a thoufand flue hundred and two :in which Ouandus the Gouernour forbade
Columhrn the firft finder to land on Hifpaniola. « He then difcouered CuanaxajHic-ue- n ( r-
f a, FonduraVetagua,Vrab3, and learned newes (as fome fay) of the South Sea. Hee \capr "
ftaied at lamaica to rcpaire his flectc , wherefomcof his men were fieke, and they
■which were found in bodie, were more then ficke, fioward and tumultuous in bcha-
uiour and many left him, Vpon this occafion the Ilanders alfo forfooke him , and "
brought in no vifluall. Here with Co/««i/^«/, neither able to abide nor depart , was

driuen to his fliifts, no leffe admirable for (iibtiltic then refolution.f He told the Ilan- fj^ide l.s.c.>e.
dcrs, that if they did not bring him in prouifion , the Diuinc Anger would con- P^g4S^'
fume them, a fignc whereofthey fhould fee in the darkened face of the Moonc within
two dayes. At that time he knew the Moone would bee eclipfed , which the fimple I-
hndcrsfeeing,withfearcandgriefe humbled thctftfeluestohim, and ofFcrcd them-
felues rcadic to all kinde and dunfull Offices. g Nauigatianet
At laft,rcturning into Spaine, he there died, Akhoz thoufand fiue hundred and fixe '^'«<"P'»va«
Hisbodic was buried at SiuiJl in the Temple of the Carthufians. This was the end (if ^'f "^f ''''" ■^!'
cucrtherecanbccnd)off<;/«w^;«i';«*c»««/^soneof C<^/««?^whiscomp3tiions, by H%m.'i



R



rr his



73^



Ofthefirjl kne-^ledge^O-cofthe ne"^ World-



Chap,2.



b A lule to
know what
beaftswerc
here nacurall
(for to fuch
theyhaue
namckin their
own language)
and what Iran
fported:for
thefetheln-
dia«s call by
their Span.
cAcoJl.l.i.c.it
C^I.4.f.J4.
names.



iLib.A-c.i9-
See Car.CUf.
deexot.&O-
uied.gen.kiit-&
jummtr.
Gtfn.de ^dir.
* y'mc ?in^on.



tP.Mart,de

InFulh.

iOuied.fum-

^CaUfh iaHus
rquiu.



his example inuited , made new Difcoucrie, znd refpuci m , snd Cal>ota snd msny o-
ther,cuery day making new fearches and plantations, till the World at laft is come to
the knowledge of this New World almoft wholy. The particulars will moie fitly
appearcin our particular relations ofcachCountric.

After this difcourfc of the men in thofe parts, let vs take feme generall view of the
other Creatures, efpecially fuch as are more generally dil'pcrft through the Indies. I
haue before noted, that America had very few of fuch Creatures as Europe yeeldeth,
vntill they were tranfported thither: and therefore they haue no Indian names for
them, ''but thofe which the Spaniards that brought them, giuevnto them ; as Horfc,
Kinc, and fuch like. They haue Lyons, but not like in greatnefl'e.ficrcenefl'e, nor co-
lour to thofe of Africa. They haue Beares in great aboundancc , except on the North-
parts. TheyTheyhaueftoreof Deere, Bores, Foxes, and Tygres, which (as in Con-
go) arc more cruell to the Naturals then to the Spaniards.Thefe beads were not found
in the Hands, but in the Continent ; and yet now in thofe Hands , Kine arc multiplied
and growne wilde, without other owner then luch as firft can kill them : « : he Dogges
likcwife march by troups, and endamage the cattell worfe then Wolues. Their Swine
did multiply exceedingly.but (as an enemie to rhcir Sugars, a great commoditie in Hif.
paniola, where e^««o athoufand fiue hundred tbirrie fiue. Outedo reckons almoft
thirty Ingenious,the number daily increafing)thty were forced to root out this rooting
kindeof beafts. This Hand hath florcdthe other about itiwith Here of Horfe and
Mares, which are fold very cheapc. For Kine the Bifhopj-e of Vcnezuola hadfixteene
thoufand heard of that kind of beafts, and more : others poffefled thoufands alfo, and
fomc killed them only for their hides , of which were fh^pped from hence for Spainc
^nno 1587. 3 5444. and from NewSpaine64:5 50. as Acofliirt\zi<:i\\.

The Lyons are grey, and vfe to clime Trees : the Indians hunt and kill them..
The Beares and Tygres are like thofe in other parts : but not (o many. Apes and Mon-
kies they haue ofmany kin Jcs, and ihofc ad.nirablypleafing in their Apifhirickes and
imitations feeming to proceed from Rc3f>n. A Souldier leuclling at one of them to
{hoot him.the fily beaft died m-i vnreuengcd, but hurling a ftone as the other aimed at
him, depriued the Souldier of his eye, and loft his ownc life. They haue Monkies with
long beardes. tAcofla ^ eels of one .Monkie that would goe to the Tauetne at his Ma-
ftcrs fending, and carrying the pot in one hand, and monic in the other, would not by
any mcancs depart with his monic, till hec had his pot filled with wine : and returning
honae,would pelt the Boyes with ftones, and yet haue care to carrie his Wine home
fafe to his Mafter, neither touching it himfelfctill fome wcregiucnhim , nor fufFering
other. They * haue a monftrous deformed beaft whofe fore part rcfchiblcth a Fox, the
hinder part an Ape, excepting the feet which are like a mans; beneath her belly ftic
hath a receptacle like a purfc wherein {hec beftowes her young vntill they can fhift for .
themfelues, ncuer comming out of this natural) neft, but to fucke.

Sheep haue much increafed, and by good husbandrie , in that plentie ofpafture,
would bee a great commoditie : but in the Hands the wildc Dogges deftroy them:
and therefore they that kill thefe Dogges , are rewarded for it, as they which kill
Wolucs in Spainc. The Dogges 'which the Indians had before, were fnowtc41'ie
Foxes; they fatted them to cat.and kept them alfo for plcafureibut they could not bark;
Such Dogs (we haue fliewed) are in Congo. Their flags and f Deere in the South paits
ofAmcrica, haue no homes. They haue ftore of Conies. The Armadillais an admira-
ble Creature, of which there be diucrsjkinds : they refemble a s barded Horfc',fceming
to be armed all ouer, and that as ifit were rather by artificiall platcs,opening and (hut-
ting, then natural! fcales it digges vp the earth as Cor.ies and Moules.

The Hogges of the Indies haue their nauill vpon their ridge of the backs. They goc
in Hcards together and aflaile men,hauing (harp talons.like rafors,and hunt their hun-
tcn vp the tops of trees whence they cafily kill thefe enraged Samos {{o they cal them)
biting the tree for anger. The D4»rw 'icfemblc fmall kinc and are defended by the
hardnes of their hides. Theflc/ifwromcwhatrcfemblethaGoat, but is greater; they
flieare them, and of their fleeces make rugs and coucrings, and fiuffcs.In the ftomackc
and belly ofthu beaft is found the Bczaar-ftone fometimcs one alonc,fometimes,two,

three.



Chap.2 AMERICA. The eight ^Qokci



735



g Hul.SchpiU
An.V0.i ^48.



three , or foure : the colour of which is blacke, or grey, or greene , or othcrwife : it is
accounted foueraigne againft poyfons and venomous dilcafes. It is found in diners
forts of beafts : but all chew the cud, and commonly feede vpon the fnow and rockcs.
The Indian fliecp they call Lnwa, it is a beaft of great profit , not only tor foode and
raynient, but alio for carriage of burthens : they arc bigger then fheepe, and Icffe then
calucs : they will beare a hundred and fiftie pound weight. In fomc places they call
them -^w/^<«j, and vfe them to greater burthens. Huldnike Schmide/ SaPtiimQs , that
he liuing in the parts about the Riuer of Plate, being hurt on his icg.rod fortic leagues
vpon one of them. They will grow reftie, and will lie downe with their burthen, nd
ftripcs nor death able to aflwage their moode : only good wordes, and fairc dealing,
with gentle intreatie/onietimcs diuers houres together, can preuaile.

Of foules they haue many kindcs which weehaue, asPartriges, Turtles, Pigeons,
ftock-doucs.Quailcs, Falcons, Herons, Eagles: and a World of Parrots, whichiri
feme places flee by flockes, as Pigeons. There arc alfoEftriges. Hens they had before
the Spaniards arriucd. They haue other kinds peculiar: The Tomncigs^ is the leaft in
euantitie,the greatcft for admiration and wounder.l haue often times doubted (fayth
jicofla) feeing them flie, whether they were Bees or Biitter-flies ; but in truth they arc
birds Thenet 'and Leritu call it Conambuch, or Gonanhuch. They affirme that it yeclds
no
or



ithing in iweetncfle of Note to the Nightingale, and yet is not bigger then a Beetle

Drone-bee : One would fay, Vox es, ^raterea nthil: but fo could not any truely fay,
for euen othei wife is it almoft miraculous : Nature making this little fhcppe her great
flore-houfe of wonder and aftonifliment, and fhewing ^ her greatefl gteatnefle in the
leartlnftruments The Prouinciall of the lefuites in Brafil,aftirmeth as ^/»/f« teftifies,
that the Brafilians called it 0«n_///<4 which flgnifieth the Sun-beame , and that it was
procreated of a flie; and that hee had feene one, partly a bird.and partly a flie : firft co-
loured blacke, then sfh-colourcd,thenrofe-coloured, then red: and laftly, the head
fct againft the Sunnc, to refenble all colours, in moft admired varietie. It flieth fo
fwift (fayth ""• Ome.o) that the wings cannot bee feenc. It hath a neft proportionable.
I haue feene (fayth he) one of thofc birds, together with herncft, put into the fcalcs,
wherein they vfe to weigh gold, and both weighed but two tomins,that is , foure and
twenticgraines. Haply it i« therefore called 7'o»z/««o/, as weighing one Tomtn, The
feathers are beautified with yellow, greene, and other colours: the mouth like the eye
ofancedle. Itliucthon" dew,3ndtheiuyceof hearbcs, but fitteth not on the Role,
The feathers, fpecially of the necke and brcsfts , are in great rcqueft for thofc feather-
pidures, or portraitures, which the Indians make cunningly and artificially with
thefenaturall feathers, placing the fame in place andproportion.bcyond al admiration:
The Indian Bats (Lould not flee your light, and are for their raritic worthie confidera-
tion, but that we haue before fpoken fomewhat of them.

They haue" birds called C(?Wor«, of exceeding greatnefle and force, that will o-
penafhecpe, anda wholeCalfe,and eate the fame. They haue aboundance of birds,
in beautie of their feathers farre furpafling all in Europe, wherewith the skilfnll In-
dians will perfedly rcprcfcntin feathers, whatfocucr they (ecdrawne with the Pen-
fill. A figure of Sail t f r^ci/jmade of feathers was prefented to Pope Sixtus ^intw,
whofe eye could not difcerne them to bee naturall colours but thought thcmpcncil-
workc, till he made triall with his fingers. The Indians vfed them for the ornaments
of their Kings and Temples. Some birds there are of rich commoditic , onely by their
dung. In fome Hands ioyning to Peru, tbeMountaines are all white, like fnow, which
is nothing but heapcs of dung^ of certaine Sca-foule which frequent thofc places. It ri-
fcth manyelles, yea many lances in height, and is fetched thence in boatcs , to hearten
the carth.which hereby is exceeding fertile.

To addc fome what ofthe Indian Plants , and Trees. P cJJf/Jw^/r isthc name of a
Tree, which multiplicth it felfe into a wood(as before we haue obferued of it)the bran-
ches dcfcending and taking Root in the Earth. The Plane tree of India hath leaues
fufficicnttocoueramanfromthcfootetothehead :but thefe , the Ceco, and other
Indian Trees, are in the Eaft- indies alfo and there wee haue mentioned them. Cucao
i$ a fruit little lefl"e then Almonds, which the Indians vfe for monie , and make thereof

Rrr 2 , a



h Jiig.Ciifate»

h:[t.l'e,-u.l.i.



i ^Kd.rheuet.

Leriii-nau.c.ii.
kNiluram
magnU magna,
til minimis ma*
x'lmt.
ICar.Cluf.Exot.

m Otiicdofum-
mar.caf.^i.



n lopes de C«-
mara h:fl.Me-
xicana,o'c Con-
qucftofthc
Weft Indies.



o Acojl.l.^.e.iy

p Sec ^ioiar-
dw. ^ Clufipu. f
V.Lobcl.Ccrard
and other
Heibarifts , &
Chiefly of
thefe & other
the Indian
plants & tiees,
lee Omed.gcn.
hifi.Ind.l.T.Z.9.
lO.Ti.andof
the beafts,
foules, fifl)cs,in
the 1 1.1J.14.
if.bookes and
alio )M%[iiitimar
tie.



734 Oftheprfikna'^ledge^iS'C.ofthene-^lVQrld. Chap, 5.



t^th.Turner.



* In the Hands,
but not in all
placesof the
iircnc Land.



fSpanifli fruits

th'iuewell in

one place or

oihcroftha

Indies.

tBotnoRet.

pirt.primaJ.^.



II The Bikikc,
Perfian, Ara-
biaHjCafpian
beasj &c.



a drinkc , holden amongft them in high regard. They haue a kindc of Apples q called
cyimriM , exceeding plcafant in colour and tafte , and vcrie wholcfome , which ycc
haue force to eate yron, like a^K^fortu.lhc ' LMamnjts yCjuayauos , and P altos bee
the Indian Peaches, Apples, and Peares. But it wouldbcc a wearie wilderneflc to the
Reader , to bring him into fuch an Indian Orchard where hee might reade of fuch va-
rieticofFruites , but (like T<?«^<«/w) can tafte none: or to prefent you withagarden
of their Trees, which beare flowers without other Fruit, as the F/»r;^o»<iw, which all
the ycarc long bcareth flowers fwectc , like a Lilly , but greater : the Volnfu-
r/;/7, which bearcth a flower like to the forme of the heart, and others, which I omit:
The flower of the Sun is now no longer , the Marigold of Peru, but growcth in ma-
nic places with vs in England. The flower of the Grauadt/le they fay (if they fay truc-
ly) hath the markes of the PalTion, Nailes, Pillar, Whippcs,Thorne$, Wound jjCxcce-
ding ftigmaticall Francis .

For their Secdes and Graines, (J\€ajtsis principal! , of which they make thcit
bread, which our Englifli ground brings forth , but hardly will ripen : it growes , as it
were on a Reed, and muitiplicth beyond comparifon; they gather three hundred mca-
furcs for one. It yecldeth more bloud, but more groflc, then our Wheate. They make



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 143 of 181)