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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 144 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 144 of 181)
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drinke thereof alfo , wherewith they will bee exceedingly drunkc; They firft ftecpc,
and after boile it to that end. In fome places they firft caufcit to bee champed with
Maids, in fome places with oldc women, and then make a Leaucn thereof,which they
boylc, and make this inebriating drinkc. The Canes and leaues feme for their Mules to
cate.They boylc and drinke it alfo for painc in ihcbacke.Thebudsof C^<«^/reruejn
fteed of Butter and Oyle.

In fome parts they make bread of a great rootc called T/sca , which they name C<«-
caut. They firft cut and ftraineit inaPrefle.fbr the iuycc is deadly * poyfou;the
Cakes dried are ftecped in water before they can eate them. Another kind there is of
thisTucaorlHcca , the iuyce whereof is not poyfon. Itwillkeepc long, likcBifcuit.
They vfe this bread moft in Hifpaniola, Cuba, and Jamaica where Wheate and Mays
will not grow, but fo vnequally, that at one inftant, fome is in the graflc , other in the
grainc. They vie in fome places another roote called P^jp^i , hke to ground Nuts,
for bread, which they call CA^w.Of other their rootcs and fruites I am loath to write,
leart I wearie the Reader with tedious ofRcioufneiTe. Spices grow not there naturally ;
Ginger thriueth well, brought and planted by the Spaniards. They haue a good kindc
of Balme, though not the fame which grew in Paleflina. Of their Amber, Oylcs,
Gummes, and Drugges I hfl not to relate further. Out f of Spaine they haue carried
great varietic off lants, herein America exceeding Spaine, that it receiueth and frudi-
heth in all Spanifh Plants that are brought thither , w hcrcas the Indian thriue not in
Spaine: as Vines, Oliues, Mulberles, Figges, Almonds, Limons, Quinces, and fuch
like. And, to end this Chaptcrwith a comparifon of our World with this of Ameri-
ca; Ouraduan'ages and preferments are many. « Our Heauen hath more Starrcs, and
grcater,as AcoHa by his owne fight hath obferucd,cb3llenging thofe Authors, which
haue written othcrwife.offabling. Our Heauen hath the Norih ftarre within three dc-
grees,anda third of the Pole : their Crofier or foure ftarres fet a-croflc , which they
obferueforthcAntartike, is thirtie degrees off. The Sunne communicateth hiipar-
tiallprefencelongertoourTropike thenthatof Capricornc; remaining in the Sou-
thcrnefignes lyS.dayes: 21. hourcs and 12. minutes .-in the Northernc i86.dayes,8.
hourcs and 1 2. minutes. 5. Keck;rma»,Syflem,J(lron.L.i.Tjicho,'Brahe, L.i.tecko-
neth thefc a hundred foure fcore and fixe daycs, houres iS.f: dyes Z.~fertflpuquMm
in ^HJirali^ cfrc.

This want of the Sunne and Starrcs is one caufe ofgreater cold in thofcparts then in
thcfe. Our Earth exceedcs theirs for the fituation, extending it felfe more betweene
Eaft and Weft (fitteft for humane life) whereas theirs trends moft towardestbc two
Poles. Our Sea is more fauourable, in more Gulfes and Bayes, cfpcciallyfuch"as goe
farre within Land,befide8 the Mid-land Sea, equally communicating her felfe to Afia,
Africa, and Europa. This conuenicncc of Traffique America wanteth.Our Bcafts wild
and tame, are far*c the more noble as the former Difcourfefliewcth,

For



Ch AP.3. A M H Rl G A. The eighth ^ooke;

For what haue they to oppofc to our Elephants, Rhinoccrotcs , Camels, Horfes,
Kine, Sec. Ncitherwere the naturallfruites of America comparable to thofe of our
World. Whence arc their Spices, and beftFruites, but from hence by tranlportation,
or tranfplantation ? As for Artes, States, Literature, Diuinc a'rtd Humane, multitudes
of Cities, Lawes, and other Excellencies, our World enioyeth ftill the priuilcdge of
iheFirfi home. America is as ayounger brother or fiftcr and hath in thefe thingesal-
moft no inbetitance at all, till it bought fomcwhat hereof of the Spaniards, with the
price of hcrFrcedome. On the other fide, for temperature of Ayie, generally Ameri-
ca is fartc before Africa, inthe fame height. Forgreatnefleof Kiuers, Canada^Plataj,
•and Maagnon, exceed our World. Whether Africa or America exce ed in Goldc, it is a
qucftion : InSiluer^Potozifeemcstobauefurmountcdany one Mine of the World,
befidesthofcofnew-Spaine, and other part>, ho'w(oe\\ex'Boterus doubts. '^ttSxttm
alia probat.Knd now America excefs, becau fc, befidcs her owne ftore, fhee is fo plen-
tifully furnifhcd with all forts of liuing and growing Creatures from hence, aseucn
now wasflbcwed.



735



C H A p. I I I.

of the dtfcoueries of the North f Arts of the New IVorU, and toward the Pole^
and of Greenland, Greenland, Ejlotiland^ Mcta Incognita,
and other places vnto New France,




Merica is commonly diuided by th:tffih»tfu , or neckc and narrow
paflage of Land at Daricn , into two parts; the one called Northerne
America, or Mexicana; the other Southernc, or Peruana. This trendcth
betwixt the Daricn and Magellan Straights : that from thence North.
wa:dswliere the Confines are yet vnknownc. For it isnot yet fully
difcouered , whether it ioyncth fomewhere totheCont'nent of Afia,
or whethcrGroenland,and fomc other parts, accounted Hands, ioyne* with it. Thefe
were difcouered before the dsyes of Cclnmi;Hi , and yet reroaine almoft coueredin
inobfcuritic, and were therefore iuftly termed » t^Uta Incognita, by ^r^^/ Eliza-
beth the beflknowne and moft renowned Ladicof the World. Thefirft knowledge
that hath come to vsoftholc parts, was by '2\(<fW<t/ and e^«/e«;<fZf«»,twob ethren,
Venetians. Happie Italic, thatfii(l,in this laft Age ofthe World, hath difcouered the
greatDifcouereisofthe World, to whom we owe out (JM, Pau/w, Odurtctu, VeYto.
mannm^ for the Eaft; Cclumbiu, yeifucim, Cabot ^ for the Weft ; thefe noble Ze;n for
the North : and the firftcBcompafling the Worlds wide compaflic , vnto Tigafettai
Difcourfe, companion of cJW<!^r//<j« in his iournie:that] fpeakc not of the painesof
RuJfeHi, Rarnufitu, Botertu, and a World of Italian Authours that (I ihinke more then
any other Language) haue by their hiftoricall labours difcouered the World to it felfc.
Vnhappie Italy , that flillhaft beaten the bufh, for other to catch the Bird, and haft in-
herited nothing in thefe Eafterne and Wcftcrne Worlds, excepting thy Catholikc
clayme,whcreby the Catholike and Spanifti Sword makes way for the Catholike- Ro-
man Cro wne and Keyes : Neither the Sword oiTaul, nor the Keycs oi Peter; for both
thefe were ''y^fr;/«<?//.But to rcturne to our Venetians. 'In the yeare a thouland three
hundred and foure fcore Mafter NtcoloZeno being wealthic, and of a haughtie fpirit,
dcfiring to fee the fafhions of the World built and furnifhed a Ship at his owne char-
jges, and paffing the Straights of Gibrahar, heldeon hiscourle Northwards , with in-
tent to fee England and Flaunders, But a violent Tempcft alTayling him at Sea, he was
carried hee knew not whither , tiilatlafthis Ship was carried away vpon the He of
Fiifland; where ihemen and moft part of the goods were faued. In vaine fccmes
that deliuerie that deliuers vp prcfently to another Exccutioner.The Ilanders like 'Ht^-
tnnts huJigric groomes, or his bafc and blacke gard, fct vpon the men whom the Seas
hadfparcd :buthereaUo they found afecond elcape, by mcanes of a Prince named

R r r 3 Zichmui,



" Many haue
written dif-
courfcs of
thcpofltbjiitic
of a paflagcby
theN.orNW,
asT/wrif, S,H,
Gdbert,cir.ef
the Eaxtb,il~
leaging lome
examples of k
Frier which
paffcdit, the
Portugsll
cards. &C.
aDifcourfe of
Frobijhers voy-
ages by George
Bc[i. voyage 3,



b i.Cor./i
c The difcouc-
riesofM.hlie.
& Ant. ZiHi ga-
thered out of
their letters by
FtancifceMar-
colme.lheyatt
related by M.
MaljlHytin hi»
l>vol.faft,iii.



j^6 Of the-^Difcouerie of North parts, o-c. Chap,^.

Z/cz&iwwi, Prince ofthat and many Hands thereabouts : who being nccre hand with
his Armic,carac at the out-cry, and chafing away the people, tookc them into pro-
teftion.

This Zkhmui had the ycare before giuen the ouerthrow to the King of Nor-
way , and was a great aducnturcr in fcates of Armes. Hee fpake to them in Latine;
and placed them in his Nauic , wherewith hee wonne diuerfe Hands. NkoIo bcha-
ucdhimfelfefowell, bothinfauing the Flectc by his Sea-skill, and in conqueft of
the Uannds by his valour that Zichmui made him Knight and Captaine of his
Nauie.

After diuerfe notable Exploits , T^ctlg armed three Barket, with which bee ar-
liiied in Eogroneland : where hee found a Monafterie of Friers of the Preachers
Order , and a Church dedicated to Saint Thomas hard by a Hill , that caftcth out
fire like Vefumus and ty^tna. There is a Fountaine of bote water, with which they
heat the Church of the Monafterie, and the Friers chambers. It commeth alfo into
theKitchin fo boyling hotc, that they vfe no other fire to dreflc their mcate; and put-
ting their Bread into Braffe Pots without any water , it doth bake as it were in an hot
Oucn. They haue alfo fmall Gardens, which arc coucrcd oucr in the Winter time.and
being watered with this water, arc defended from the violence of the Froft and Cold,
and bring forth Flowers in their due (eafons. The common people aftouifhed with
thcfc ftrange effcds , conceiue highly ofthofeFricfs , and bring them prefents of
Flefh and othcf things.

They with this Water , in the cxtrcmitie of the Colde , hcate their Chambers,
which alfo (as the other buildings of tt/C Monafterie) are framed of thofe burning
ftones, which the mouth of the Hill cafts forth. They caft Water on feme of them,
whereby ihcyarediflblued, and become excellent white Lime , and fotough, that
being contriued in building, it laftcth for eucr. The reft, after the fire is out, ferucin
ftcad of ftones to make Wallcs and Vaults , and will not difiblue , or breakc, except
with fomc yron toolc.

Their Winter laftcth nine moneths: and yet there is a faireHauen, where this water
falleth into the Sea, not frozen ; by mcanes whcreofthere is great refort of wild fowle,
and fifh, which they take in infinite multitudes. The Fiflicrs Boats are made like to a
WeaucrsShutlCjofthc skins of fifties, faftiioned with the bones of the fame fifties,
and being fowedtoge:hcr with many doubles, they arefoftrong, that in foule wea>
iher they will ftiut themfelucs within the fame, not fearing the force cyther of Sea, or
Windc., Neither can the hard-hearted Rockcs breakc thefc ycelding Veffels. They
haue alfo (as it were) a Slceue in the bottome thereof 3 by which with a fubtile dcuife,
they conuey the water forth, that foaketh into them. The moft of ihcfe Friers (pake
the Latine Tongue.

A little after this 7V»<:o/# returned, and dyed in Frifland, whither his brother «^»-
r0;>;V had before reforted to him, and now fuccecded both in his goods and honour;
whom Zichmui employed in the Expedition for Eftotiiand : which happened vpon
this occafion. Sixe and twcntie yearcs before, foure Fiiher-Boats were apprehended ac
Sea by a mightic and tedious ftorme; wherewith after manie dayc$,they were brought
toEftotiland, abouc a thoufandmylcs Weft from Frifland: vpon which, one of the
Boates was caft away , and fixe men that were in it , were taken and brought to x
populous Cttic ; where , one that fpake Latine , and had beene caft by chance
vpon that Hand , inthcnameof the King asked them what Countrimen they were;
and vnderftanding their cafe, hee acquainted the King therewith. They dwelt there
fine yeares, and found it to bee an Hand verie rich , being little Icffe then Ifcland, but
farre more fruitful!. One ofthem faid hee faw Latine Bookesinthe Kings Librarie,
whichtheyatthisprefentdocnotvnderftand. They haucapcculiar Language, and
Letters, or Charaders tothemfelues. They haue Mines of Gold, and other Mettals;
and haue Trade with Engroneland. They fow Come , and make Beere and Alc.-
Tbey build Barkes (but know not the vfe of the Compaflc)and haue manie Cities and
Caftlcs. The King fent thefc Fifliermcn with twelue Barkes Southwardes, to a
Coumrie which they callDrogio : in which Voyage cfcaping drcadfull Tcmpcfts ac

Sea



Chap.5- AMERICA. T he eighth <Booke. 7^7

SeijCbey encountered with Caniiibjls at Land, which dcuonred many of them. Tbcfc
FiHiers fticwmg them the mancr of taking Fifli with Nets, cfcapcd : and fbr the prefcnts
which they tuadc of their Fidi to the chicfc men of the Countrcy, were bcloucd and ho-
■oured. One of thefe (more expert, it feemeth then the rcfl) was holden in fucli account,
that a great Lord made warre with their Lord toobtainc him: andfopreuailed, thac
ke and bis company were fcnc rnto him. And in this order was he font to fine and twen-
(icLords, which had warred one with another to get him, in ihirteenc yeeresfpace:
whereby he came to know almoft all thofe parts ; which, he faid, was a great Countrcy,
. and (ai it were) a New World . The people are all rude, and void of goodnefie : they
gee naked, neither hauc they wit to couer their bodies with the Bcaftcs skinnes, which
they take in Hunting, from the vehement cold . They are fierce, and catc their enemies,
hauingdiuerfe Lawesand Gouernours. Thcirliuit7g is by Hunting.

Further to the South-wcfl, they are moreciuilj, andhaue « more temperate Ayrc :
They haue Cities and Temple* dedicated to Idols , where they facrifice men , and after
eat them ; and haue alfo feme vfc of Gold and Silucr.

Hee fledde away fecretly, and conueying himfelfe from one Lord to another, came at
length to Drogio, where hee dwelt three yeercs. After this time finding there certaine
Boates of Eftotiiand, hee went thither with them : and growing there very rich, furni-
(licdaBarkcofhiJowne, and returned into Friflaad .- where heemade report vnto his
Lord of that wealthy Countrey. Z;c^«ot; prepared to fend thither : but three dales be*
fore they iet forth, tiiis Fifher-man died. Yet taking fome of the Mariners which came
with him, in his flead, they profccutcd the Voyage, and encountred, after many dayes,
an Hand; where tenne men, ofdiuerfc Languages, were brough: vnto them, of which
they could vnderftand none, butoneof Ifcland. Hectoldethem, That the Hand was
called Icari3,and the Knights thereof called /cm, dcfceaded of the ancient pedigree of
DedalM, King of Scots , who conquering that Hand, left his fonne there for King, and
left them thofe Lawcs, which to that prefent they retained. And, that tbey might keepc
tkeir Lawes inuiolate, they would rcceiuc no flraoger . Onely they were contented to
receiue one of our men, in regard of the Langmge , as they had d«tic tbofe ten Inter-
preters,

Zkhttmi fayling hence , in foure dayes defcricd Land, where they found abundance
cf Fowle, and Birds egges,for their refrefhing. The Haucn tbey called Cap Trin. There
was a Hill, which burning, caft out fmoake : where was a Spring, from which iflued a
certaine water like Pitch, which tanne into the Sea . The people offmall flature, w ildc,
andfearefull, hidthemfeluesin Caucs, Z«c/?*w; built there a City , and determining to
inhabite, fent Antonio backe againe, with the moft of his people, to Frifland.

This Hiftory I haue thus inferted at large, which perhaps, not without caufc in fome
things, may feeme fabulous ; not in the Zrwi, which thus writ, but in the relations which
they receiued from others. Howfoeuer ; the beft Geographers d ate beholden to thefe iAhnh. Orttl.
brethren, for that little knowledge they haue of thefe parts ; of which none before had chart. 6.
written: nor fince haue there bcene any great in-landDifcoueries. *DtthmarBleskens H<4. w/.j.
in his TrtatifeeifJJLwdtclaxcth, that in the yearcpoo. the Nobility of EaftFrifia and """'''•
Breame found that Iland,and 300. leagues from thence difcouered Gr«nland, which he ^*^r'
ftith was named prr<««»r<^Ar<»/w», ofthcContrarie, forwantofgrceneandpleafantPa- fUtl^eni!
flures : and that by Whirlc-poolei and mifty darkncffe, all their Nauie, but one ftiip pe-
ri/hed.

Somewhat fince there hath beene difcouered by Gajpar Carter eale, a Portugall ; Stc-
fhengomes,iS^va,\txA,zr\dSei>aHiHCabot : and more by later Pilots, ofeurNationi
but little of the difpofition of thcln-land people. Yea, it is thought tobeall broken
Hands, and not inhabited , but at certaine feafors frequented by fome Sauages, which
come thitber to fifli. Such as we can, in due order we here bcftow.

Stbaiiian * Catet tcportcd to 'B^fo, that in the yearc 1497, at the charge of King » Ramuf-mm'
'Pr/»7 the fcuentb, he difcouered to the fixty ; feuen degree and a halfe of Northerly la- ut.ini.Vol. '
titude, minding to haue proceeded for the fcarcb of Cathay , but by the mutiny of the « elm. Adams.
Mariners was forced to returne. The Map ofSehfiian Cabot, cut by e Clemtnt Adams, H<i^.f».3 . ^| .^•
relai«b,That l«hn Cslnt^ a Vcn«ian,and his fonac Sebaiihtn^Cn out from Brirtoll.dif-

couering



7^8 Of the Nor thwarts of the Newl1^orU,isrc. Chap.

— ■ '■■ ■ - — - ■ " — ■ ^ L_



^



couering the Land, called it Pr»«M?^i?rf, and the Hand before ir, S.lohns. The inhabi-
tants wearc Beafts skinnes . There were white Bcarcs and Stagges farre greater then
outs. There wcrcplentyot Scales, and Soles aboue a yard long. Hee named ('faitb'Pr-
'fp.Mart.Dte. ter( Martjr) ccrrainc Hands g5<»rc<»//iw, of the (lore of thofefifli, which the inhabi-
3.1.6. rants called by that name, which with tbcir multitudes fometimej flaied his Ships . The

iCodfifl). Bcares caught thcfcFifh with tbcir clawfs, and drew them to land, and cat them. In the

' fu'lb'7» ti'^'^of'' ■f^^'»7^^c^c"fn'h (ffMiamTHrchasbz'xngthcn Mayor of London) were
brought vnto the King three men, taken in the New -found Hand : thefc were clothed
in Bcaftsskinnes, and did eat raw flefli. But Cabot diicoiicrcd all along the CoaH to that
which fince is called Florida ; and returning, found great pr<f parations for wars in Scot-
land, by rcafon whereof, nomoreconfideration was had to this Voyage . Whereupon
he went into Spainc ; and being entertained by the King and Qaeene, was ftnt to difco.
uerthe Coafiiof Brafii, and fayled vpinto the Riuer of Plate more then fixc-fcore
Leagues. He was made Pilot ^W^wr of Spaine : andaftcrthar, v4«»e 1549. was confV-
tutcd Graund Pilot of England by King Edward the fut, with the ycarely Penfion of an
hundcrcdthrccfcore and fixe pounds, thirteenefhilJiTgs, foure pence : ^Vhcrc, inthe
yeareij53. hcc was chiefc dealer and procurer of tK Difcoucry of Rulfia , and the
'5r, Hu^ wil- North-eafl Voyages, ' made by Sir Hugh iVdlmghhj^ R, C^amcelour, Stephen Bttrrowh^
hughby. and profccuted by ^^ r. A«fi^»*««, and others, towardsNoua Zc.iila, Pcifi^, Tartaric, as

K. cbancelor. jn Maflcr Hakjuj/ts firH Tome appeareth. Perhaps this voyage of C^bot was the fame
Vet7nd7^' ^^''ich is mentioned by Mr.iJo^mZWwfin a trcatifeof his written 1527. that his fa-
written by *^"' ^""^ Hugh Eltot a Merchant of Briftow , were the difcoucrers of the New-found-
Hughsmith,St lands : and if they had followed their Pilots minde, the lands of the WcH Indies had
allinH«^.fe.i. becncours.

^Ofermdereb Anno itoo^ Gafbar CorterezmlM, a Portugall, minding new Difcouerics, fet forth a
Tn.Pafquth P '' owne cbarge from Lisbone ; and lay ling rarrc North, at laft came to a Land,

l.ini^.trbe, whichforthe plcafantnefle thereof , he called (jr««f. The men, as hec repotted, were
barbarous, brownc-colourcd, very fwift, good Archers, clothed in Beads skinnes. They
liuc in Caues, or bafe Cottages, without any Religion, but obfcruc Soothfaylngs. They
▼fed mariagcs, and were yery icaious. Tetriu Pafqualigi in a Ictcer concerning this voy-
age, faith they brought from thence apecccofagildcdfword, whichlccmcdtobeof
Italian workmanfhip : achildalfo amongflthcm ware two fiiucr care-rings, which by
the workmanfhip appeared to be brought from thefe parts : perhaps belonging to fome
of C<i^of J- company. Returning into Poirugal, he fayled chitiierward aga-n, Anno i yor.
But what became of him , none can tell. V\\shioxhcr MKhaelCorteregalu the next
ycarc fet forth two Ships to make fcarch for his brother, but l<e alfo was bit . Tnc Kiog
^mannel grieued heercwtth , fcnt to enquire of them , but all in vaine . Ticir brother
Vafco would hauc put himfclfe on this aducnture, but the King would not fuffrr him.Tne
xc f y name Creew vpon this occafion was withered, and the Land was cillcd 'TV^r^Cor^t -
Laborador *ex- ^'^'^^f^- Thusfatrc 0/»/»>«. It rcacheth, according to 5offrwrcckoninf,to the 60. dc-
tendechfrom grec. Letv$coinetoourownc:For of^rfp^f«ni (jo»»« little is left vs but a ieaft.
to. degrees to This (jomes hauing beene with Adagellan a few yeares before, in his Di'couety of the
theRluetof South Sea, enlarged with hopes of new Straits, inihcyearei525 ftiforth to fcarchthis
G mBen' • Northerly paflage. But finding nothing to his expe^ation, be laded his Ship wiih flauc s,
i»\ufh.Gomtt. and returned. " At his returnc,' one thatkncw his intent, wasfor the Moluc-isbythat
•^GalparEns, way, enquiring what he had brought home, was told Sfclauos, that is, flsuts. H - ,fcrc-
/. i.c.ij.Hi/i. flailed with his owne imagination ofCloues, had thought it v\as fsid CUvas, and fo po-
''''^" fled to the Court to carry firftnewes of this Spicic Difcoucry, lockingfir agreatrc-

^. , ward : but the truth being knownc, caufj-d hereat great laughter. fVtlUam Steere iranf-
^uerBotyt lated a *booke, -^"^^fl I608. before traoflated out of the Norfii language ijdo. for the
principal laan vfe of Henry Hndfe», in which is mention of diuers townes of Gronland , aS'^iagenferd
inthcBjfliops snEaflern dorpor villagc,andfromthencemoreEaflerIy, Beareford, wherewas great
Coun. fidiing for Whales. by the Bilhops licence the benefit redounding to the Cathedral!

Church :y4//<f^o»r^yo»»</, where Fowle and Oxen wereplentifuIhFcndbrotherHauen,
where in S. Olafs lime fome were drowned and their flipcafl away, Ctofles being ycc
fccncontheirgrauc-ftencJ : Coifchought, whereby authority from the BiJhop they

hunted



Ch A p,;- AMERICA, Theeighth 'Bookc j^q

hunted for whice Scares : from hence Eirtward nothing but Ice and Snow. We(tv^ard
flood Kodesford, a dorp, well biiilc with a great Church, Wavtfdale, Petetfwkke, Saint
Oiajfes Monaftery, and another ofS. Benets Nunncs : here wcrcmany wartnc waters, ini
the Winter intolerably hot, and medicinable. There was alfo a Church of S. Ntchela4
and many other Parities and Villages, Defcrts ; Bearcs with red patches on their !icad»,
Hawkes, Marble ofali colours, great ftrearos. Nuts, and Acornesiri thchilies, Wheat,
Sables, Loflies, &c. Hcc affirmeth that it is not lb cold thcreas in Ifland and Norway.
But let vs obferue th e diftoueries of our o wnc Country-men.

Sit Martin Frol>i/ber odeferueth the firft place, as being the firfl that inthcdaycs of oS'.Mart.Frtb
Qoeenc £/K-«^f/^ fought the Nonh-wcrt paflTage ia three feucrall Voyages. Thcfirrt ^ (^hriff.Hall.
whereofwas written by ChnHopher? H-t//; the fecond, by Dwmfe Settle ; the ^.hyTho- y^^E/zf/"'**
w<M£//«;andallinone Difcourfcby M.GeorgeBeft : all which, at large, the Reader Gw'eBf/J.
mayfinde in M./Z^ci^/^^fj laborious Diicouery ol Difcoueries. To fpcake briefly what
may bcft befit vs in our Pilgrimage : ^\t Murtin Trobijherhyha from Blatke-wall, lunc "i v 7 tf.
the fifteenth ; and the Icucnth of July * had fight of Frifland, but could not gee on fliorc 1 Quccncs
for the abundance of Ice,which was alfo accompanied with an cxtrcame Fogge, as dou- Fofe-laBd,and
blegardio that Hand (vncertainc weather toforiifieit, ortoimprilbn them».) The toH°Mflc"in
twc ntieth of luly he had fight ofan high Land, whichbenamed '\QntcneEliK,abeths (ji. degrees,
Fore-land. Here was he much troubled with Ice ; but fayling more Northerly, defcricd 50. mm.
another Foreland, with a great Gur, Bay, or Paffage, which he cntred , calling iiForhi- 'Ga^ur, Em,
fliers Straits, luppofing it to be the diuifion ofAfia and America. Hauing entrcd three- (:*' ^J^'^"f'
fcorc Leagues, he went on (hore , and was encountred with mighty Deere which ran affim.eth thai
at him, with danger of his life. Hcerc had hec fight of the Sauages, which rowed to his one lohnSiolve
Ship in Boates ot Scales skinnes, with a Keele of wood within them, like a Spanifh Shal- a Polonian,
lop,faueoncly they be flat in the bottome, and fharpe at both ends. They eat raw Fiefti '^'^ y«r« '$7*
and Fi/h, 01 rather deuoured the fame : they bad long blackc haire, broad faces, flat no- p^''|f'* j ^^ j
fesjtawnic ofcolour,or like an Oliue (which neitherSunor'Winde,but Nature, it felfc, Groneland
imprinted on them, as appeared by their infants, asd feerocthtobethegtncrallLiuery and thence to
of America.) Their apparrell was Sealcs skinnes : their women were painted or marked Eftotiland and



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 144 of 181)