Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 15 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 15 of 181)
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ken by fome accident, thence iffiied a peftilcnt vapour , that infefted not thofe alone
which were prefcnt. but the neighbouring Nations, as faire as Parthia, cy^mmuuHS wAmmnn.Uii,
MetrcetlinHs " hath the like Hiflorie ofthc Image oi J folio Chm:e:ts at Seleucia,which
was brought to Rome, and there placed by the Priefts in the Temple of JfoUs Pal.t-
»iw«/:and when as a certaine hole which the Chaldaran jyiff-men had by Art flop-
ped, through the couetoufnefTe of certaincSouIdiers breaking in thither for fpoile, x vhHojlJe vU
was broken vp,the world v^ as thence poifoncd with a contagion from Perfi3,as farre '" Apl,t.\.c.\*
asFrance. " M;/q/?«r«jreporteth(butwho willbcleeuehisreports?) oi Jpollon'tui, ^'Muft.atfuiu,
that he faw at Babylon fuch fiatcly Palaces, as fcatce agree with the ftatc of Babylon *'"^-^^''^-?!
intnctimeot^po«o»/»/,whichwasw'hi!e7Jo;w;r;tf« reigned : amongft ether things mendjcia miio-
he faw Galleries fullol Greeks Images, as oiOrfhcus, ^>jJro>7icd.i,c;c- He came al- tihusmend.uyi
fo into aGallerie, theroofe whereof was made bowing like the hcauens,and couercd cmrig't. Etpo-
withSaphire,fotorefemb!cHcauen,andthcImages of their Gods, made of gold, ll",cm[di:m A-

were there fct. From theibbic there hanged four birds ofgold.reprcfentins the God- WtTZr'l^

dn' Cti 1-1 \r, ' ,11,'^ ^1 ^-P , ,'■ '-' 1 , lotus r.vmntiitli

eiieot Rcucnge, which they called the tongues of the Gods, 1 know not by what efh-ubiafum m

arte or my (icrie. admonifliing the King not to exalt himfclte» buf^bm^, &s,-


6o Of the 'Priefts, Sacrifices ^and religious l^ites^isrc C h a p ,i 2.


C H A p. X 1 1.

OfthePrieJlsy Sacrifaes^ religioos Rites y andcuftomes of
the Babylenians.

- n'ttlsidi 1^^®^^^^ Chaldeans (faith » Dhdarui) were of reputation in Babylon, as the
eapJB. ' ' jfl^^ ^^li P"*^^* '" Egypt ; (laldtan , being a name fometimc applied to the

whole Nation; fomctime appropriated to the Priefts, who fpcnc
their whole time in religious Seruices , and in Aftrologie, Many of
them by Diuination foretold things to come, as we haue fliewcd be-
fore in the Hiftoric oi jdlex/inder; and the booke oiDaniel witnefleth
this their profeflion. By their auguries, or diuination by birds , by facrifices and en-
chantments, they were accounted to doe good or harme to mankinde. They were
mod expert in their facred Rites, in the knowledge whereof they were brought vp
from their child-hood ; and continued in that ecu rfe of learning all their lines, the
child being inftruded in his Fathers fcicnce. They profefTed the interpretation of
dreames, and prodigious accidents in Nature, Their opinions were. That the world
is eternall, without beginning and end : the order and furniture of all was done by di-
uineprouidence : all heauenly things were perfefted.not by chance,or of their ownc
accord , but by the determinate and firme decree of the Gods. By long obferuatioH
fearching the courfc and nature o? the ftarres, they foretold things to come. But the
greateftPowerthey attributed to the fiue Planets, and efpecially to Saturtte, They
czllthcm Mercuries, becaufe when others are fixed, thefe haue their proper motion,
and fhew future things,as the Interpreters of the Gods, by their riling , fetting , and
b v^ confuUt- colour. Vndertheircourfcthey giue the title of Gods '» to thirtie other Starrcs, the
res, onehalfe; abouc; thcothcr, vndertheearth, beholdingallaccidents. And intcn

dayes one of the higher is fent to the lower, as an AngelljOrMcflcngcr of the Starres,
and one from them to the higher : And this courfe they take eternally.

They hold twelue principall Gods , each of which hath his peculiar moneth , and
hisfignciutheZodiake; by which the Sunne, andMoone, and fiue Planets, haue
their motion. Thefe Planets they eftceme to conferrc much good or cuill in the ge-
neration of men, and by their nature and afpedt, things to come maybe forckncwne.
Many things they foretold to vilexander, Nicanor,Antigo»MS,Seletiaii,znA to priuate
men, beyond the reach of men. They number foure and twentie conlkllations with-
out the Zodiakc,tweluetowardsthcNorth, and as many towards the South. Thelc
Ncrthcrnely are feene, which they attribute to the lining .• thofc Southerncly are hid -
den, and prcfent (they thinke) to the dead, which they hold the Judges ot" all. Con-
cerning the fite, motion, and eclipfe of the Moone, they hold as the Greckesj butof
the Sunnes Eclipfc they haue diuers opinions, and dare not vtter their opinion there-
of, nor foretell the time. The earth they concciucd to bee hollow like a boat.
R. 3iof. March, ^. Mofes Ben MAimon out of a booke entituled de ^gricultura ty£g)ftioii:m,7tnhn'>
/.j.c.?o. teth like things vnto them : that they belceiied the Starres were Gods, andthatthc

^'f' "'-/^w* S""''"^^^s the chiefeGod, and next to him the Moone: that the Sunne ruleth the lli-
^'"" ■• periourandinfcriour world. And concerning v*^r4A4»;, thathe wasborneinaland
which worfhipped the fire, which when hereproued , and his Countrirr.en obie<Sed
the operations of the Sunne , he anfvvercd that the Sun was as the Axe in the hand of
the Carpenter. Butatlaft the King caftv4^ni^<?w into prnon, and when as there hee
fiill continued the (amedifputes and opinions, the King fearing hurt to his people,
baniflied himinto the vtmofl bounds oiChanaan , hauing firtt Ipoilcd him of all his
Ge».Ti. goods. This contradi6leththeHifiorieofyl/c)/f/,andofth9oldandncwTcftament, which commend ylbrakims faith in voluntarie forfaking of his Countrie at the coni-

* Mentioned '"^"d ofGod,andnotby compuIfionofman,alihoughit reachcth notto thcfonncr
j' * abfurdicie, which afcribeth this to the time of 7^;»jro^. And whether Abraham
a lib.i.c,i. was an IdolatCi; before that his calling, is handied » clfevvhcrc. But to returne to our


Chap.12. ASIA. The fir ft^ Beoke»


Rabbine (highly* admired by a nioft admired Author) hefaichjthat hence e^'l^r^kam "'^lefscali
grew renowmed through the WorId,all Nations honoring his memoric,cxcept fome clfMbo/t
Heathens, as the Parthians on the left hand, and Indians on the right, which were re. Omnia Win
maindersoftheChaldians , and aWtdZabij. Tbek Zadif , Sca/rgeraKoianhwerc Magt^n opera
Chaldeans , fo called a vintoAfeliote , as one might lay £/;/?«•»#. W(r»: and addcth, f?''^/,""'-^'
that the Booke lb often cited by »^^w/5.z»?, concerning their Religion, Rites, and' tcr7itdx!l'MW.
Cuftoniesjis yet extant in the hands of the Arabian Muhamcdans, Outoftt'is booke fcnu'imdkam.
our Rabbi reciteth their opinions : that ^^.«w was borne of man and woman as o- a Sathelcwes
thermen ; and that hce was a Prophet of the Moone, and by preaching perfwadcd '^•'>^l'helaid/f,
men to worfhip the Moone,and that he compofcd books of husb andrie : that 7\[o<r al- ^^"^^^^^^ 6' ^
fowas a husband-man, and beleeucd not in Idols. For wliich theZ.f% puthim in B^M^Rab mC
prifon,andbccaufe hec worfhipped the Creator. SethzKo contradicted Adam in his ^f« ^toW;.
Lunaric worfliip. They tellalfo that Adam went out ^ ofthe Land ofprom)fe,whKh contradcd
is towards India & entred into Babylon, whither he caried with him a tree flii] grow- ^'">''"'"'-
ing with branches & Icaucs and a tree of ftones,and Icaues ofa tree which would not wj^^f'^ ^^'^'i"
burne,vnder the fliadowofwhich tree heefaid i oooo. men might bee couered, the biOi'of'para-'
height whereof was as the ftaturc ofa man. Adam alfo had affirmed in his bookc ofa liiic.ihc trees
tree in India,the boughcs whereof being caft on the ground would ftir like Serpents; ^^^ Serpent
and ofanothcr which hada root fliapcd like a man, endued with a kmdc of founding '''"^'"j &c.
voice differing from fpccchjand ofa certaine hearbe which being folded vp in a man" to cheAC^'f ^
clothes would make him walkeinvifible, & the fmoke of the fame,bcing fircd.would Icwes he w^
taufethundcrsranothertreetheyvvorfliipped which abode in Niniuc r 2.yeares,and tcthotEookcs
contended with the Mandrake for vfurping her roome, w hereby it came to pafle that "'^'fh mention ■
the Pried or Prophet,which had vfed to prophecie with the fpirit of that tree, ceafed ^'^'"^"j"''', "^V-
a long time from prophecying; and at lafi the tree fpake to him and bad him write the fay thcTw'"'*
futebctwccne her and the Mandrake, whether of them were the more honourable, before Aiam^
Thcfc fooleries, faith he, theyattributed to e^^.^^,that lb they might proue the cter- and iha: Sem.
nicie ofthe vvorld,and Deitie ofthe Stars. Thefe Zabij made them for this caufe Ima- ^''M'^'^ was A.

,, ^ . . . y^p- / - -J'

propriaced to each of them with peculiar worfhips,ntes,and hallowings.wherby that Cities • 00006
treerecciued a powerto fpeakc withmenin thcirflccps. From hence Iprang mar-i- yearcscid&c,
call diuinations, auguries, necromancie, and the like. They offered to their chiete
God a Beetle, and leuen Mice, and feucnFowles.

The greatefi of their bookes is that of the c^gyptian feruice, tranflated into Ara-
tike by a Moore called £«^«»^.v/4,which conta'ncth in it many ridiculous things;and
yet thcfc were the famous wife-men of Babylon in thofc daics.In the faid booke is re-
ported ofa certaine Idolatrous Prophet named Tamut , who preaching to a certaine
King this worlliip ofthe fi:uen Planets,and twcluc Signes,w^ai by him done to a a;ric-
uous death. And in the i,ight of his death,all the Images from the ends of world came
and affembled together at the great golden Image in the Temple at B^abylon , which
was facred to the Sunne, andhanged betweene the heauen and the earth, which then
proflrated it felfe in the midft ofthe Temple, with all the images round abour,fhew-
fligto them, all which had befallen Tamut. All the Images therefore wept all night, of this mdur-
and in the morning fled away each to his ownc Temple. And hence grew that cu- ning ""or r^waf
fiomeycarly in the beginning ofthe moneth Tarr.Ht^x.o renew that mourning for Ta~ or ihimit-j^,
mm. Otherbookes of theirs are mentioned by him, one called Z)««.«»?ff^^»»ec.^f, a ^'^'k-^ H.c^
booke of Images, a booke of Candles, ofthe degrees of Keauen , and others falfly a- ''•'■•"'/'■''•f -i?'
fctibed to Arifiotle^^n^ one to Alformor.znd one to /ptac,Qtnd one of their Feafls.Of-
ferings. Prayers, and other things pertaining to their Law, and fome written againll
their opinions,3ll done into Arabike. In thel'e are fet downe the rites of their Temples
and Images of ftone or mettall, and applying of Spirits to them , and their Scicrifices,
and kindes of meats. They name their tioly places fumptuoufly built,the Temples'of
Intcllisible formes ; and fet Images ou high mountaines, and hgnourtrces^and attri-

G buc^

^2 Of the Tr'iejls, Sacrifices, and religious 1{ites,ijrc. C h a pJ2.

bute the increafe of men and fruits to the Starres.TheirPriefts preached that the e«rth
could not be tilled, according to the willofthc Gods , except they ferucd the Sunnc
and Starres, which being ofFended,\vould diminifli their fruits,and make their coun-
tries defolate. They haue written alfo in tlieformer bookes , that the Planet It^piter
is angrie with the Dcferts and diie places , whence it commeth that they want watet
„ ^jH . f 51 and trees, and that Deuils haunt them. They honored,as fulfilling the
^*,j. " ' ' vvilloftheftarres, in tilling the ground: they honoured Kinc and Oxen for their la-
bours therein, faying that they ought not to bee flame. In their feftiuals they vfed
fongs,and all muficall inftruments, affirming that their Idols were pleafed with thefe
thingSjpromifing to the doers long life,health,plentie of fruits,raines,trees,freedomc
from loffes, and the like. Hence it is faith ^, Afo/<rj,that the Law ofMofes forbiddeth
thefe rites,andthreatneth the contrarie plagues to fuchas fliallobferuetheni. They
had ccrtaine hallowed beafis in their Temples wherein their Images were, before
Ctfp.38. which they bowed themfelues and burned incenfe.Thcfe opinions ofthc Z^s^y.were

holden alfo by the Aramitcs, Chanaanites, and eyfgyptians.

They had their magicall obferuations in gathering certainc hearbs, or in the vfc oF
certaine mettals,or liuing creatures,and that in a fet certaine timc.with their fct rites,
as of lcaping,clapping the hands,hopping,crying,laughing,&c. in the moft of which
women were aftors; as when they would haue raine,tcn Virgins clothed in hallowed
"arments ot red colour, danced a proceflTionjturning about their faces and fhoulders,
and flretching their fingers towards the Sunne : and to preuent harme by haile, fourc
women lay on their backs naked, lifting vp their feet fpeaking certaine wordcs . And
all magicall pradifes they made to depend of the ftarrcs,faying,that fuch a ftarre was
pleafed with fuch an incenfe, fuch a plant, fuch a mettall.fuch wordes or workes,and
therby would be as it were hired to fuch or fuch e0e(Ss,as to driue away Serpents and
Scorpions, to flay wormes in nuts, to make the Icaucs fall, and the like. Their Pricfts
vfed fliauings ofthc head and beard, and linfey wolfey garments,and made a figne in
their hand with fome kinde of mettals. The booke of Centir prefcribeth a woman to
("land armed before the ftarre of Mars, and a man clothed in womens attire painted,
^ioloch and before the ftarre oiVenns to prouoke luft. The worfliippers ofthc fire made men be-
Satiimes lacri- Jeeuc that they which would not caufe their children to pafle through the fire, fhould
fices of Ku- loofethem, and eafilyperfwadcd them thereunto as a thing eafie, faith the Rab-
niane bodies. ^.^^^ ^ ^^^ ^^^^ jjj ^^^ burne them ( although herein both diuinc and humane tefti-
'■ ' nionies make meebeleeue the contrarie.) From hence, faith hee, dcfcended the cu-
ftomes, obfcrued by women , in holding and mouing their children ouer the fire or

They had their diuerfitics of Proceflions ; and when they hallowed a tree to an I-
mage,one part ofthc fruit thereof was offered, and the other eaten in thchoufe ofthc
Idoll : the like they did with the firft fruits of eue ry tree ; making men beleeuc that o«
therwife the tree would become vnprofitable.Thcy had their magicall enchantments
in the planting or grafting of trees, with obferuations of the ftarres, incenfes,words :
but this moft Diabolical!, that in the houre when one kinde was to be engrafted into
another, the fcience whiih was to be engrafted fhould be holden in the hand of fome
AvtrfaVtnui. beautifull woman, and that fome man fhould then carnally, but vnnatnrally , haue
knowledge of her , the woman in that inftant putting the fcience into the tree. They
vfed alfo to make circles when they planted or fowed, and went about the fame,fomc
fiue times, becaufe of the fiuc Planets , fome feucn in rcgardofthe Sunne and Moone
added to that number. For this caufe the lew not vnprobably thinkcth that mixtures
in garments, fcedes, and the like, were forbidden by the Law of i^iofes , with other
rites any way refcmbling thefe.

They further worftiipped Deuils , belecuing that they appeared to men in the
formcsof Coats , and therefore called their Deuils kids, and held it vnlawfullto
fheare or to eate their kids : but efpecialiy they abhorred the killing of Kine, but per-
formed much worfliip to them, as they alfo doe in Indiato this day. They facrificed
Lyons, Beares, andwildcbcafts, as is mentioned in the bookcZf/^^-if. They held


Ghap.iJ' ASIM . ThefirJiBooke, 5,

blond in much abomination.accounting it a great pollution, & yet did eat itjbecaufe
(they faid) it was the food ofDeuils, and they which did Sate it fhouid haiie commu-
nion with them : and that they would come to fuch and reucale vnto them things to
come. Some whole nicer flomacks could not endure to eate it, receiued the fame
whentheykilledabeaft,*inaVeirellorina;ditch,anddideatethe fiefh ofthatSa- * idemdtat
crifice, being placed about that bloud, thinking that the Deuils did eate the bloud, l\Kic mexplic,
and that thus by this as it were eating at the fame table.was intertained betwixt them pfceft-nrg.
and the Dcuils mutuall familiaritie and focietie.They belieued alfo that in their flceps ^'°' " ^^"f-
the.Deuils came and reuealcdfecrcts vnto them. Concerning a menftruous woman ^^''"''"^^"fi-
their cuftome was, that fhee fhou'd fit alone in a houfe, and that the places whrc fhe
let her feet fhouid be burned; whofoeuer talked with her was vncieane, yea if hee
butfloodinthe winde of her, the winde from her did pollute him. Like wile thefe
Zabiaiis thought, whatfoeuer went from their bodies \\as vncieane , as nailes, haire,
bloud , and therefore Barbers and Surgeons were holden polluted : and after cutting
QfFtheir haire vied much wafhing for expiation, Butit needetii fome expiation that
I infift fo long in thefe narrations, and hauc necde of fome Barber or Surgeon to eafe
meof fuperfluities, if that can be fuperfluous which fittethfo toourp.roieit, and in
the iudgcment of the learnedft ofthe lewifhRabbines in many ages,feemed the caufe
of fo many prohibitions in Mofcs his Law, lealt they flipuld conforme themfclues jn
religious obferuances to thetcfupcrftitiousZabians. Butlet vsnowrcturne to Dw-
^oy;«, who affirmeth that the Chaldjcans numbred 4^000. yeares , vntill the com-
ming of Alexander, fince firft they had bcgunne their obferuationS of the Starres .
TheieyezKsXe>jpphon de KcjniHocis interpreteth of months : for lb(faith he)the Chal-
deans reckoned their antiquities; in other things they kept their computation accor-
ding to the Sunnc But of their fabulous antiquities wee haue heard before : where
wee haue alfo touched , that one beginning of Idolatrie did arifc of this curious and
fuperftitious Starre-gaz^ing, efpecially in the Countries of t/£gypt , where not at all * E'g'it mo-
vfually; and in Chaldia, where diuersmoueths ' together they haue neither raines "«'is together
norcloudes. ^ H.f^^^^^l'

Strabo diuideth the Chaldasans into fe(S^s, Orcheni, Borfpfem, and others, diuerfly b vhn, 1 6 c itf*
opinionate ofthe fame things. Boifippa was a Citie facred to TiiaKa and Apollo. PH- Tenia chald<eo'
iiie^ addeth theHippareni. Daniel <^ reckonethvpfourekinde of Wife-men among ^'^doHr'ma.&c.
the Chaldxans r the firft are called Charttimmim., which were Enchanters; ^/Z.vr»iw/, 5'M//g.thinkeih
Ailrologers ; LMecaPopm, Sorcerers or luglers , deluders of fenfe ; and ChafdimJ, ^oaZT^t
Chaldseans, which, howfoeuer it were a generall name of that Nation, yet was it ap. ofthe place'
propriated vnto a certaine feft and profeHion of learning among them which feemed and not of dif-
to exccll the reft, and were their Priefts, Philofophers , and Mathematicians, as you fc'^ ^e of fefts,
hauehcard. Inthefeuenandtwentiethverfeof the fame chapter are mentioned alfo ^'^ ^^^^^^^^
Cachinim, Wifards, which by coniedlures and cafting of lots did ghefle of things to fi^csorColle-
comc : and Gaz.ri» , of the word gaz^ar^ to cut; theie opened , and diuined by , the ges of Chal-
cntrals of facrifices. The vanitie oftheir diuinations appeareth in that Prophet,how- J'Eans, the Of-
foeuet they haue beenc renowned therefore among the Heathens : asaitheforetel- ^ ''f"' vvere of
ling ofa^/i-.v^w^erj death, and before that, when "Dar/T*/ had changed his Scabcrd fa/^^^r"''
into the Greekefaftiion, the ruine of that Empire by the Greekes. When FaetfiwaBcr.' ^^'
« the EmpreflCjWifc to M.Anto»iKus,hsd fallen in loue with a fencer or fword-plaier, c Dan.i.t. see
and being fick confeffcd the fame to her husband, the Chaldeans were fent for, who D.mliet comm,
gauecounfclltokill the Fencer, and that flieeftiouldwafti her felfe in his bloud, and f'^'^ 7-^^9.
then accompanie with her husband: which was done and Cf»3»«(7(^/// begotten, who ^ liifc'^vl- ''
in qualities refcmbled that Fencer vpon this occafion (as the people reported)though M,AntVMof. '
others cfteemedhun a Baftard. Tlutarch f fheweth how vainely the Romans depen- f Piut.inm.
dcd on their predictions. Thus /«^'f«4/ reproucs them : Mar.&syi.

fL ij • rJ ■ ci ■ 1 Jitven.Siit,6.

Chatatcu jed maior erit pdncta , cjuicqutd

Dixtrit yijlr0logHS , credent a fonte rdtHHm


G 1 loucs

^4 Of the ^riejls ^Sacrifices jandreligiousl^iiesjisrc, Chap.ii.

loues Oracles no greater credit haue
Thcnfooth-fayingof ChaldaEccofeningknauc.

o QihoHmn, ManyEdids were after made againft ihem. Otho Hettrnius s bboureth to bring

chatdsic, the Grecian Philofophie from the Chaldaeans : yea tAriftotle himfelfe, as hec had rc-

cciued the Pcrfian and Indian Philofophie by tradition of'PjthagorM and 'Demccri-

ttis, and the ty£gyptian and lewifh learning from Plato, (o was hee inflru(5^ed

h delKhnd. ( faith hcc) in the Babylonian fciences by C<«////?i<rwj-. But C dim l{hcd!g:Kus ^^ and

Lec.Antlib \6. fofephnj Scaliger ' thinke them rather corrupters of 'earning, whereof they had

f"^-*' . . / no folidc knowledge, and that the Greekes attained by their ownein-

InMitnU ' duftrie, without borrowing oftheChaldseans, P^Wfrdecmcth '^ thtmtoo Philo-

k VeucdcDi- fophicall, the peruertcrs of Religion intoTheoricallfpcculationsofNnture.aDdcon-

iiinat.Tlmm. futcth their fine kindcs of prognoHicating. But their cftimation could not hcue been

& Afirol. fuchinD^«/V/itime, if they had not bcene very learned : and fomewhat was added,

as wemay wcllconiefture, to their learning by him, who by Nabuchodonojcr was

J P^„ , 8. ^ fctouerthcm. For befides the gifts wherewith he was enriched , and the ciuill au-

Pr<efeclt'.m an- thoritie wherewith hewas dignified, heewas exalted al fo to this Fcdcfufticall iu-

tiftitvm fitpcr rifdidtion oucr the Schoolcs ofihe Wife-men, (as after lunms and Ofiauder^ 'D.fVil-

omncs jamcntci /^^ j^^^j^ obferued) as it were their Superintendent : which though Ciife/« thinkcth

B3 .co'/ij ituit. jjfgfcfijfejj^yccit appeareth by the title which the King after "igaue him, that hcac-

m v'an.^.6. cepted it. ]n which his Supcrintendentfhip , faith our Author " , fuch laudable fci-

ptxfe5le Mago- ences as might fafely be learned, lie promoted and furthered; fuch corruption and

rum. fuperftitions as were praftifed among them he corre(5lcd and reformed ; but fuch

n Djrillettn abufes as could not bee taken away hee forbgrc, and kept himfelfe free from them,

vm,z.& nn, yi^^jherehaue weatefiimonicoftheirHierarchie , which Nature taught thefc and

all people, contrarieto thcNovcltie of Paritie, In the dayes of Hez,eksah , when

the Sunne went backwards, it appearcthhowftudious the Chaldsan Nation was,

o ^. etc.?. 31.5 1 in that ° their Princes fert their Embajfadours iyito ItidiCa to encjuire thereof. Yea

p rhe-iudccit- the Delphian Oracle, asT/'^o^^o^c'citcthitout of P ?ojp^^r;(r, afcribeth the finding ^^^ of that learning which leadcth to the Gods , not to the Greekes , but to the ex£-

'* gyptians, Phoenicians, Chaldsans, and Hebrewcs; inwhich thcCha!da:ans(as that

Father out o^ Daniel obfcructh) were furthered by the Hebrewcs.

■q vhilMirntJe Some 1 doc call the Babylonian Priefts, A-Iagt ; but becaufc they were by this

vAi Af$l. lib.i. name bcft knowne, and mofl cfteemed among the Periians, which in that vicinitie of

Regions had as ucare Neighbourhood in Religions , wee will fpcske of thcfc M^,

in our Perfian Relations. And it ij thought that thePerfian A-f^gi camcfiomthtfa

r vh.Morn.d: Cn^\Axzns. Mortiaus r reckonechamongthe Chaldjean opinions, that of Orw;?^/^/,

Verit. C'.K, Mttris, and tArimmii, that is to fay , G o D , A-iinde , and Set:U : which he appHcth

to the Chriflian doflrine of the holy Trinitie. The Oracle of -^'po'/c , pronounced the

Chaldaians and Hebrewes to be only wife.

TheChaldaean opinion concerning iudiciall Aftrologie, was not receiuedof all

the Chaldasans, as Straho reporteth. And Bardrfanes Syms , the bctt learned of the

f f.itfebjepy<e- Chaldsans (^it is £«/ffc^/f tcftimonie) doth at large confute thct opinion (whitl: yet

psr, EuA.6.c.?.. many Wifards, carkaffes of Chriftians.ftill follow.) He affirmcth that in thofc things

which a man hath common with a beafl, eating,{leepe.nour:fhmcnt,rgc,Sic. a man is-

ordered by Nature,as the bealts arc.But Man hauing alfo a rcafonable l"oule,and fice-

dome of not fubieft to that naturallferuitudc; which at large he proucthbv the

diucrs cuftomes of men.both in diuers, & in the fame countries, in diet, gouernmcnt,

and Religion : as the Rcader.willing to reade fo worthic a difcourfe, may find related

at large in Enfel>. Alexander Pol)rbifl''oulo{Eupolet»u::ytc\\cthth2tin the 10. genera-

t Euic . epttt- ^j^j^ gj-p^ j[^^ floud,!nCamyrine a citie of Babylonia, which other calVr,-(4^rrf»» was

Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 15 of 181)