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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 151 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 151 of 181)
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would become their owne purueyers.and looke out for themfelues. hndyct,betterit
is tofallinto the hands of Ged,then ef mercilejfe Men : Famine being but a meerc Execu-
tioner to Gods luHicCjbut thefe executing alfo a diuellifli malice. Such were the Spa-
niards, who were fent thither vnder the conduit of 2^i9w'P(;<ir« yl/f/*«^«, which maf-
facrcd all of euery fexe and age, w hich they found in the Fort : and Riiault being caft
by fhipwrake on the fhore, and receined ot Fallemandm the Spaniard, with proir.ifcs
of all kindneffe, was cruelly murthercd with allhiscompany, except fome few which
they refeiued for their owne employments. The manner ofit is at large handled by
h Laudonniere, ' hy A'forgues,hy ^ (^hallufws, which were as brands bydiuinc hand
plucked out of this Spanifh combuftion. The Petition or Supplication put ' vp by the
Orphancs,Widowes,and diftrefled kindred of that mafiacred number to Charles thz
ninth, mcntioneth nine hundred, which periflicd in this bloudie deluge.

The Spaniards hauing laid the foundations of their habitation in bloud, found it
too flippery to build any fure habitation thercon.For their cruelties both to the French
and Floridians were retorted vpon themfelues, in theyeare 15 67. by >" M.Domi-
niejuede Gorgues, and his aflbciates, affifted by the Natiue Inhabitants, and Florida
was left defti^ute of Chriftian Inhabitants. Thus hath Florida bcene firft courted by
the Englifh, wooed by the Spanifh, almoft wonne by the French, and yet remaines
a rich and lieautifull Virgin, waiting till the neighbour Virginiabeflow on her an
En" lifh Bridegroome, who as making the firft loue, may lay the iufteft challenge vn-
to her.

Her riches are fuch, that " Cabez.<i de ZJaca, (who was one of T^ruaes wracked
company, and J'tf/fl^^tfrr/^-i// in this Floridianfute, andhadtrauclled thorow a great
part of thcln-land) affirmed to ^/bWf J the Empcrour, that Florida was thericheft
Countrey of the world, and that hec had therein feene gold and filuer, and ftones of
greatvaluc. Befides there is great varietie of ° Trees,Fruits,Fowle$,Beafts, Bearcs,
Leopards, Ounces, Wolues, wilde Dogges,Goats,Hares, Conies, Deere, Oxen with
woolly hides, Camels backes, and Horles manes. Sir lehn Haukjns his fecond Voy-
age publirtied by Mafter//^^/«;MncntionethVnicornes homes amoDgfl the Floridi-
ans, which they weare about their neck cs, whereof the French-men obtained many
pceces:and that they affirmc there arc many of thofe beafts with one home which they
put into the water before they drinke. Happily this might be a tale of the French, to
fell fuch pceces deare to the EngliOi, or the home of fome other beaft, or of the Sca-
Vnicorne. Our Dilcourfe hath moft right vnto their Rites. Fortheir many Cities, the
mannerof their building, themanners of their Inhabitants, I would not be folong.
CMorgues p. hath let vs fee them in the Pictures.

They wall or impale them with pofles faftned in the ground, the circle as ofa fnailc
comming within that point where it beganne, and leauingaway butfor two men to
enter ; at either end of that double empaling or entrance, ftand two watch-towers,one
within,the other without the Citie,whcre Watch-men alway are fct for defence: their
houfejare round : their apparcll nakedneffc, except a beafts skinne, or fome orna-
ment of Mode about their fecrct parts. They paint and rafe their skinnes with great
cunning; the fm art makes them fickc feuen or eight dayes after; they rubouer thofc
rafed wotkes, with a ccrtainc hcarbe, which colourcth the fame fo as it cannot be

done



C H A P -7. AMERICA- the eight 'Booke. 77 \



done away. They paint their faces, and their skinnes cunningly (this ^<jr^«« a pain-
ter being iugde) eiien to admiration.They let the nailcs on their toes and fingers grow
long : they are tall, nimble, comely.

They warte T alway one Countrcy vpon another,and kill all the men they can take, q Landonukre,
the women and children they bring vp:thcy cut otfthe haire cfthc head together with
the skin.anddric it to referue the fame as a monument oftheir valour. After their re-
turne from the warres,if they be vidorious, they rnake a IblemneFeaft, which lalkth
three daves, with dances and fongs to the honor ot the Sunne. For the Sun and Moonc
are theirDeities. Their Prielh are Magicians alfo and Phyfitians with them. They
haue many Hermaphrodites, which are put to great drudgerie, and made to bcare all
their carriages. In necelTitie they will eat coaies, and put land in their pottage. Three
months in theyeare they forfake their houfes, and line in the woods ; againfi this time
they haue made their prouifion of viftuall, drying the fame in the fmoake. They meet
in conl'ultationeuery morning ina great common houfe, whither the King reforteth
and his Senators, which after falutation fitdowneinaround. They confult with the
lawas orPrieft. And after this they drinke Calfine, which is vcryhotc, made of the
leaues of a certaine Tree, which none may tafte that hath not before made his valour
euiden: in the warres. It fets them in a fweat,and taketh away hunger and thirft foure
and twentiehoures after. When aKingdieth they burie him very folemtlcly.and vp-
on his grauetheyfctthe cup wherein hce waswonttodrinke : and round about the
graue they fticke many arrowes, weeping and fafting three dayes together without
cealing. All the Kings which were his friends, make the like mourning : and in token
of their loue cut off half their haire (which they otherwife wcat e long,kni: vp behind)
both men and women. During the fpace of fixe Moones ( fo they reckon their mo-
neths) there are certaine women appointed which bewaile his death, ciying with a
loud voice thrice a day , at morning,noone,and euening. All the goods of this King are
put into his houfe,which afterwards they feton fire. The like is done with the goods
ofthePriefts, who are buried in their houfes, and then both houfe and goods burned.

The women f that haue loll their husbands in the warrcs,prefent themfelues before r Morgueu
the King fitting on their heeles, with great lamentations fuemg for rcuenge, and they lcm.ii.i$*
with other widowes fpend fome dayes in mourning at their husbands graues, and car-
ry thither the cup wherein he had wont to drinke: they cutalfothcirhaircneere the
cares, ftrcwing the fame in the Sepulchre. There they caft alio their weapons. They
may not marrie againe till their haire be gro wne that it may coucr their fhoulders.

When any is (ickc they lay him flat on a forme,and with a fharpe rhcll rafing ofFthe
skinncof hisf->rehead,|fi:ckeout thebloud with their mouthcs, fpitting it out into
fome vefiell. The women that giue fucke.or are great with childe,come to drinke the
fame, efpecially if it be of a luftie yong m3n,that their milke may be bettered, and the
childe thereby nourifhcd, may be Wronger.

Ribauh f at his firft being there had fixed a certaine pillar of ftone,engrauen with the f jcmA^
Armes of France on a hill in an Hand, which LauAowiereat his comming found the
Floridians vvorfhipping as their Idoljwithkifiesjknccling.and other deuotions.Before
the fame lay diuers offerings of fruits of the Country, roots (which they vfcd either for
food or Phyfick) vcfTels full of fweet oylcs,with bowes and arrowes. It was girt about
with garlands of flowers, and boughes of the beft trees, from the top to the bottome.
King ^iWfhimfelfe performed the fame honor to this pillar, that hcreceiued of his
fubiefts. This King Athore was a goodly perfonage, higher by a foot and halfe then
anyof the French, reprefenting a kinde of Maieftieandgrauitiein his dcmeanure.He
had married his owne mother,and had by her diuers children of both fcxes ; but after
file was efpoufcd to him, his father Satortriotta, did not touch her.

This t Satcurioua when he went to warrc,in the prefence of the French vfed thefe ce- t tcm.ii.
remonies:Thc Kings his coadiutors fitting around, he placed himfelfc in the midft, at
his right hand hadafire, and at his left two vcffels full of water. Then did he cxpreffe
Indignation and anger in his lookes,geflure,hollow murmurings, and loudc cries, an-
fvvcrcd with the like from his fouldiours : and taking a woodden difli, turned himfelfe
to the Suune, as thence defiring vi6torie,and that as he now flicd the water in the difh,

Vuu 3 lo



^^i Of Florida, C h a p.7.

fo he mrghc fhed thebloud of his cnemies.HurliHg therefore the water with great vio-
lence into the aire, and therewith befprinkling his fouldicrs he faid. Do you thus with
the bloud of our enemies: and powringthe water which was in the other veflell on the
fire, io (faith he) may you cxtinguifh your foes, and bring backe the skinnes of their
nlcoH.ii. hc^ds.Outina " or ff«»<t another King was an enemie to this ^<er<r«>-/e«4; heinhiscx-
pedition which he made againft his enemies (wherein he wasafliftedby the French)
confulted with this Magician about his fuccelfcHe efpying a French mans Target, de-
mandeth the fame, and (in the mids of the arroie) placeth it on the ground, drawing a
circle fiucfooteoucr about it, adding alfo certaine notes and Charailcrs: then did he
fet himfelfe vpon the Target, fitting vpon his hceles, mumbling I know not what with
varietic of geftures about the fpacc of a quarter ot an houre: after which he appeared
fo transformed into deformed fhapes, that he looked not like a man, wreathed his
limbes and his bones cracking with other actions fceming fupernaturali. At latt he rc-
turnes himfelfe as it were weary and aftonifhcd.and comming out of the circle faluted
the King, and told him the number of their enemies and place of their encamping,
which they found very true. This King was called HoUta Outina, which fignifieth, a
% tcBM^. King,ofKings, andyetafewhundrcthsof men in hisarmie, which he =« conduced
in their rankes, himfelfe going alone in the mids. They drie the armcs and leggcs.and
crownes of their cnetnies which they haue flaine.to make folemne triumph at their re*
turne, which they doe,faftning them on poles pitched in the ground,the men and wo-
men fitting round about, and the Magician with an Image in his hand,mumbling cur-
fcs againft the cnemie : ouer againft him arc three men kneeling, one of which beateth
a flone with a club, and anfwercth the Magician at euery of his imprecations, the o-
ther two fing and make a noifc with certaine Rattles.

They fow or fet their corne rather, as in Virginia: and haue two feed-times, and

two haruefts, which they bring into a publike barne, or common flore-houfe as they

doe the reft of their victuals, none fearing to be beguiled of his neighbour. Thus doc

thefe Barbarians enioy that Content, attended with Sobrietie and Simplicitie, which

we haue baniflied together out of our coafts: cueryonediftruftingor defrauding o-

^(Mj-,/, Ma- thers, whiles either by miferable keeping, or luxurious fpending,be(which is r kid to

lui<>mmbli,(ibl "H) ^ worB to himfelfe. To this barne they bring at a certaine time of the yeare,3!l the

feffi/niii,Smc,u Vcnifon, Fifh, and Crocodiles, (dried before in the fmoke for the better preferuation)

which they meddle not witli till need forcethihem, aqd thenthey (ignifiethe famcto

each other. The King may take thereof as much as he will. Thisprouilionisfentjn

baskets on the fhoulders of their Hermaphrodites, which wcarc longhairc, and are

their Porters for all burthens.

They hunt Harts after a ftrangc manner: for they will put on a Harts skinne, with
the legges and head on, fo that the fame fhallferue them to ftalke with, and they will
looke thorow the eye and holes of the Hide, as if it were avilbur, thereby decci-
uing their game, which they fhootand kill, cfpecially at the places, wherethey come
to di inke. Their Crocodiles they take in a ftrange manner. They are fo plagued with
thefe hearts, that they keepe contiuuall watch and ward againrt them, as other-wherc
i hoti.i6. againft their enemies. For this putpofe they haue a Watch-houfe -^ by the Riuers fide,
and when hunger driucs the beaft on fliore for his prey, the Watch-men calls to men
appointed : they come tenor twcjuc of them, bearing a beamcortree, the fmailet
end whereof they thruft into the mouth of the Crocodile ('comming vpon them ga-
ping for his prey) which being fharpe and rough, cannot be got out, and therewith
•/c(i»T«. they ouer-lurne him, and then being laid on his backe, eafily kill him. Thcflerti » la-
fa uu'don faith ^^'^^h like Veale.and would be fauory meat, if it did not fauor fo much of a musky fent.
two hundred Their fobrietie ' lengtheneth their Hues, in fuch fort that one of their Kings told me,
andfifticjbut faith Morgues, that he was ^ three hundred yeares old, and his father, which there he
hefawthem fhewed me aliue, was fiftie yeares elder then himfelfe : whcnifaw him, me thought
as this our Au- I ^''w nothing but bones couered with skinne. Hisfinewes, veines,and arteries,faith
thordid: this Lattdonniere, in defcription of the fame man, his bones and otherparts appeared fo
man gaue two cleareiy thorow his skin, that a man might eafily tell them, and difccrne the one from
Eagles to. he the other. Hecouldnotfec, nor yet ipeake without great paine. Aienfieitr deOttignf-
f^^'^'h- demanding



Chap. 7' AMERICA. Theei^ht'Eaoke:



77^



c Morgue
Icon-i'^,



d ZfW.JJ,



e K.teudoi,



demanding ofthcir agf ^the yonger of thefe two called a company of Indians,and ftri-
king twice on his thigh,laidc his hands on two of them, he fhewed that they were his
fonncs: and ftriking on their thighes, he fliewcd others which were their fonnes, and
fo continued till the fift generation. And yet it was tolde them.that the eldeft of them
both might by the courfc of Nature liue thirtic or fortic ycares more.

They haue ' a diuellifii cuftome,to offer their firft borne male children to the King
for a facrificc. The day of this difmal! Rue being notified to the King.he goeth to the
place appointed.and fits downc. Bcforchimisablocketwofootc high, and as much
thicke, before which the mother of the childc fitting on her heclcs , and coucring het
face with her handcs.deploreth the death of her fonne. One of her friends offereth
the childc to thcKing rand then the women which accompanied the mother, plact
themfclues in a Ring, dauncing and finging, and fhee that brought the childe, fiands
in the mids of them with the childc in her hands, finging fomewhat in the Kings com-
mendation. Six Indians ftand apart, and with them- the Prieft with a Clubbe, where-
with after thefe ceremonies,he killcth the childc on that block : which was once done

inourprefence. , rr- . . ,

Another ^ religious Rite they obferuc about the end of Fcbruarie : they take the hide
of the oreateft Hart they can get (the homes being on) and fill the fame with the beft
hearbs^vhich grow amongft them, hanging about the Homes, Necke, and Body, as
it were Garlands of their choifeft fruits.Hauing thus fowed and trimmed it,they bring
thefamewithfongsandpipes.andletitonahightree, with the head turned toward
the Eaft,with praiers to the Sunnc.thathe would caufe the fame good things to grovV
againein their land. The King and his Magician ftand ncereft the tree and begin, all
the people following with their Refponds. This done, they goe their waycs, leauing
it there till the next yeare.and then renue the fame ceremonie.

RibaHlt ' at his firft comming had two of the Floridians aboord with him certainc
dayes, who, when they offered them meat refufcd it, giuing them to vnderftand, that
they were accuftomed to wafh their face, and to ftay till fun-fet before they did catc :
which is a ceremonie common in all thofe parts. They obferuc a certainc Feaft called
7-(j7;i,with great folemnitie. The place where it is kept is a great circuit of ground,
fwept and made neate by the women the day before : and on the feaft day they which
are appointed to celebrate the Feaft, come paintedand trimmed with fcathers,and fet
themfelues in order. Three f others in differing painting and gcftures follow with Ta-
brets, dauncing and finging in a lamentable tune, others anfwering them. After that
they haue fung,daunced, and turned three times, they fall to running like vnbridled
Horfcsjthrough the middeftofthe thicke Woods : the Indian women continuing all
theday in weeping and tcarcs, cutting the armes of the young Girlcs with muskle-
ftiells, with hurling the bloud into the Ayrc, cry ing out three times , He Tsya. Thofc
that ranne through the Woods, returne two dayes after, and then daunce in the mid-
deft of the place.andcheerevp thofe which were not called to the Feaft, Their daun-
ccs ended, they deuourethemeate,forthey had notcatein three dayes before. The
Frenchmen learned of a boy, that in this meane- while the lavtm had made inuocatiom
toTeja, and by Magicall Characters had made him come that he might fpeakc with
him.anddemaunddiucrsftrange things of him, which forfeareof thei.?w<» hedurft

notvtter.

Toprouokethcmvntoreuengeagainft their enemies, they in their Feafts haue
thiscuftome: ThcreisaDaggerinthcroomc,whichone taketh, and ftriketh there-
with one that is thereunto appointed, and then places the Dagger where heehad
it and anonc reneweth the ftroke, till the Indian falling downe, the women ^
Girlcs, Boyes, come about him,and make great lamentation , the men meane-whilc
drinkin "Caflinc, but with fuchfilencc, that not one word is heard ; afterwards they
applicMofTewarmedjtohisfidetoheale him. Thus doethcy calltomindc thedeath
ofthcir Anceftorsflainc by theirenemies,efpecial!y when they haue inuaded..and re-
turne out of their enemies countrey without the heads of any of them , or without any
Captiues.

But lee Ys take view of the more Southerly and Weftcrly parts 6f Florida beyond

the



f Thefe three
are latfus,
which arc
pncfts,magS-
cians,an<i
phyficians.



774 Of Florida- Chap. 7.

the point, of Pampht/o Narttaez, his vnfortunate Expedition ycc haue heard. The
Katmf.voli. whole hiftoric written by one of his companie, nAluaro Nttnez. is extant in Ramnfius,
put of which I haue ini"erted fuch things as I holde moft fit. At their landing in Ci.ba
at /<! 7'riiitaa. tempeft by land and fca affailed them,fo furious,that it oucrthrew all the
houfesaiidChurcheSjmakingthemtoflic with no leffcfeare of the trees faUing on
them,and holding fix or feuen together.left the wind fhould haue lifted them into the
aire : they heard alfo (or feare fo phantafied) the noy fe of bells^ cries, flutes, and other
jnftruments making this dreadful! muficke,to which the hills, trees , and houfes thus
daunced : and after found one of the fhip-Boats vpon the trees ; the fhips being peri-
fhcd. ThefirfttowneinFloridaihey came to was Apalachcn, which had not abouc
fortie fmall low cottage s,fo built by reafon of continuall tempeHs. From thence they
trauelledto Aute,by the way cncountring a Giant-like people,with bo wes as bigge as
ones arme.eleuen or twelue Ipannes long.whcrewith they flioot both exa<5lly and for-
cibly ,peircing good armours. A long time they held on an vnprofitable march, till
many of them were flame or confumed by fickenelTe and famine , which made them '
bethinkethem ofbuildingveflels there, to tranfport them. But their hard hap purfued
them at Sc3,and befides outward tempcfts,aflaulted them with one inward ( more im-
placable) of thirft .which forced them to drinke the fea-wacer yea^and that fo greedily,
that fome died therewith prefently. Neither would the Sea continue this holpitalitic
(howfoeuer inhofpital) but hauing fatisfied himielfe in the perfons of l'ome,and goods
of alljbetrayed the reft to the barbarous Indians.t'irough many nations,of which they
trauelled withasharddifaduenturesaseuer Virginia yeelded , cuen when it was at
worft; and let our moft clamorous excepters be Judges. Cold which then attended
the Winter was exceeding fli3rpe,and they naked : and yet Famine was more terrible
then cold, which made fiue of their companie cat vp each othcr,till only one remained.
And no maruell ; for famine, which will be a traueller and foiourncr in all places,hath
feemed to fixe his habitation in thefe, and to hold all the nations adioyning vnderhis
lawlcfle law.and tyrannicall fubieftion.
g They called Thcfirft Indians they g met with,had onc,& fome both oftheir teats bored thorow,
this place iHaU jjj the hollow wherot (with no little gallantry) they wearc a Reed, two fpans & a halfc
fatto. long,& two fingers thick rand likewife for greater brauerie, weare another lefl'c Reed

thorow their nether lip. They lined in thefe parts two moneths ( which was the (eafon
ofccrtain roots growing vnder the water, which they then liucd on) at other times in
other placesjwith fifh and what they can find. When one of them hath a fonne dead,all
of the kinred & people mournc for him a ycare,at morning and noonc, and then buric
him. Thefe exequies they obfcrue to all but the old folkes,of which they hold no fuch
account,a$ hauingalready liucd out their time. They haue amongftthemPhyficians
orPriefts, whofc dead bodies they burne with great fo]emnitie,& make poulder of the
boneSjWhichthek T.fmen a yearc after drink.Thefcmay haue more wines, the reft but
one. When any brother or fon is dead,thofe of that houle in three moneths Jpacc,fecke
not abroad for their food,though they die of famin, leaning that care to their kinsfolks
and neighbors, which ibmtimes almoft fterue their cures.The Phyficians vfcd to healc
with breathing on the ficke & touching them, they beleeuing that if ftones and hcarbs
haue fuch faculty being applied, much more >»<«», as a more excellent creature : they
wold needs haue thefe Spaniards fuch Phy ficians,who(it you bcleeuc them) did many
cures with great admir3tion,but could not cure their famin & captiuity in many years.
h Aimnei: This our >! Author fled from thefe to theQneuenes&:Marianes,whith 3. months in

his peregnna- theyeareieaue their former habitations,!© gofeekcakuid of fruit called T«w, of the
tion thorow bigncs'of an eese.black & of good taft. Thefe are fefiiuall months to thefe feHiuall na-
many lauage tions, eating & drinking the iuyce of thefe T««*,yeajmany moneths afore comforting
Nations. their prefent famine,& pacifying their crokingentrailes, with hope of the approching

Tffne-i'eafon : & thus with words they folaccd Aluares impatient hunger fix moneths
beforehe could thus indeed fatisfie it.Theirhoufes are Mats vpon foure Arches.fhiftcil
euery fecond or third day, to feek food. They fow nothing,hauing as well a Dogs eafc
as hunger,yea (like fomciaf Duke Humfries gallant guefts) they fct a good face on the
matter,and paflc the time in mirth and dauncing, when foirjCtimes their teeth d.iuncc

not



V^



Ckap.7' AMERICA. Thee't^ht'Booke: 775



not in fourc dayes togethcr.They doted fo fuperftitioufly on their dreamcs, t!iat vpon
thisdream-warning they would kill their foniiC'-, and without fo much, would leaue
their daughters to be dcuoured of beafts,le(l (faid they) they fliould grow vp ( as the
times then were) by marriages with them , to increafe the number of their enemies.
They haue two or three kinds of bad roots, and fometime fifh.or Vcnifon, but all rate.
Theyeat Antsegges,wormes,fcrpcnts,frogges,carih,wood,dungof\vi!debeafts,and
keep the bones of fiflies andferpcntsto grindeand eatc afcerwards.Their women and
old men are put to beare tiieir burthens and drudgeries. They are molefled with three
forts of flies, whofc biting leaues a fecming lcprie:they vfe flnokie fires in their rooms,
almoft with the price of their cyes,fauing their skins : others carric firebrands m their
handSjand therewith fet all things as they pafle on fire , both to preuent them, and to
hunt their game into fitteft places for their taking the famc.They hauckine a> biggeas
inSpaine,with fmall homes and long haire,400. leagues alongtt the countrey.

Much like was the Ihtc of the Canagadi, Camoni, Auauarcs, Mai cones and other
Floridian Nations. Thefc keep no reckoning of time by the Sunne or Moone,but(like
Vlaiittu hi? Para(itc) by the bellie, which is yI/.<^»Jifi?r AVtis in obferuini^ the feafons of
theii fruits and hfli.Thcy tell ftrange things of an cuill fpirit,which in fearfull appariti-
ons did aftonifli thcm.and cut their flcfh. All thcfe-Indians haue a cuftome , not to lie
with their wiues after they know them once conceiued.till two yeares after their deli-
ucrie,and the mothers giue them fucke ' (he futh) till they be tweluc years old,and are \ Great fucfe«
able to get food for themfelucs -.which they did becaufeofthe famine in thofe parts, biges.
whcrebythey would othcrwife haue died. If any fickenby the way , they leaue him



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 151 of 181)