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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 153 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 153 of 181)
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within twodaies iourney of New Mexico. The people weare many eare-rings in fifty
holes which they make for that purpofc, fo that they are forced to fleepe with their
faces vpwards. The women are clothed beneath the wafte , aboue naked. Bothihcy
and the men weare long hairc tied vp on knots, with Corals and fhels therein: They
arc a handfull higher then the Spaniards , valiant, vfcpoifonedarrowes, peaceable at
home, terrible in warre , haue many languages. Some of them haue familiaritie and
commit abhominablefinnes with the Deuill. They vfc Polygamic, and thinke it not
vnfeemly to vfe the Mother, Sifter, Daughtcr,as furthering domeftike Peace, Thus rc-
fpe6l they aflinitic , but of Confanguinine arc very religious. They correft not their
Children. Their marriages are folemnifed afterconfcnt ofParents on both fides, with
dances; the confummationis (biedtill fit age of the patties, to whom they thenleaue
: ahoufeandhoudiold. They obfcrue a cuftomc to make Gentlemen or Knights, gi-

\ uing a bow , and then fetting him to fight with a Lyon or wild bcaft , the death of

which is the life of their Gcntilitie. When one adoptcth another, a flake is thruft into
his throat, caufing him to vomit all in his belly, and (as it were) his former birth toge-
ther. They are great gamfters, their play like that of Dice : in which they carrie them-
felues very patiently without fwcaring or wording, and yet will loofe the clothes from
their backs, goe home liaked. If any be dang,eroufly fick, a graiie is digged and ftands
open, in which they bury him prefently being dead, ot elfc burne him together with
his houfc and (lufFc, and there couer the afhcs ; fprinkling the Sepulchre with certaine
dull, whereof they make a drinkc, and cat and drinke thcmfelues drunkc.

L,T,Tilttns. LMdoHtcHtTrihaldHsTolctm in his Letter to CM. Haklmt 1605, writeth of one

UhiiOnnate who in the yearc 1599. trauailled fine hundred leagues from the old to
New Mexico. He fcnt his Nephew to Acoma (a Townc flrongly fortified by Nature)

to



^v



Chai>.8. AMERICA. Theei^k^Qoke- _ 781

to truck with them, whom they deceitfully flue with hisfixe Companions. Onnatein
ieuenge,takcs and kills the Indians and fires their dwellings : forced a great Citic to
hveare obedience to the King of Spaine , and another Gtiealfo greater then the for-
mer. They built aTownenamcdS^/oAw-': found mines of gold andflucr: hunted the
hcards ofCiboia. Intheyeare 1602. hemade another Expeditiontothc Lake ofCo"
nibaj, on the banke whereof was a Cltie feuen leagues long , and two in breadth, the
houfcs built fcattcring with hills andpleafantGardens betvvcene. The Inhabitants all
had fortified themfdues in the Market place which was very large : the Spaniards de-
parted without aflault. Neare California were found large Hauens before vnknownc;
and the Spaniards determined to build Forts.

Now that we haue heard of the In-land Difcouerics by the Spaniards, and that N'o-
Ka Albion nf $"". Francts Drake , ict\s take fomeview of thcSpanifhNauigationon
thefcCoafls-.

fones the Conquerour of Mexico fent » Francis deFlloa with a fleet for difco'ieric, a FranVlleA
intheyeare 15;? 9. from Acapulco, which came 10 Santa Cra* in California. They fat- apiidnamuf.
led ouer theCulfe, andcametothcRiucrof S'-Tifffr and S\Taul, where they be- f^^'uk-'^oLi.
held, on both lides, a goodly Country. I am loth to hold on with them in their voiagc,
Jert I faile from my Icope.and Icauc the offended Reader bchindc me. Here they found
in their cou' fe burning Mo'Jntaines,which caft vp fire,afhes,and fmoke in great quan-
titie. They cncountred with a cruell fiorme, and being almoft out of hope, they faw
asit were, a candle vpon the fhrowdcs oftheTrmitie (one of their fliips) which the
MarrinersfaidwasS^£/w(?,andfa!utcd it with their Songs and Prayers. This is the
darkenefTe of Poperie, to worfhip a naturall light : yea that which hath little more then
being, and is an imperfect Meteor, is with them more perfedl then humane , and muft
pardcipate in diuine worfhips.Without the gulfe ofCalifornia they found ftore of great
fifh, which fuffercd themiclues to be taken by hand : alfo they faw weedes floting on
the Sea, fifty leagues together, round, and full of gourdes , vnder them were (lore of
fifli, on them fl-orc of fowie : they grow in fifteen or twenty fadom dcpth.They caught
with their Dogs, a beaft very fat, haired like a Goat, otherwife refembling a Deere : in
tViis, neither, that ithad fourc dugs like vnto a Cow full ofmiike. But bccaufc they had '

little dealing with the Inhabitants, I leaue them, and will fee what Femmdn b m^Ur- b Fer-Alarchovi
ffcfl«canfhew vsofhis difcouerie. He was let hrthby ylntoKto de Mendopizhc Vice-
roy, in the yeare of cur Lord i J40. with two fliips. Hee came to the bottome ofthc
Bay ofCalifornia, and there found amightie Riuer, which ranne with fuch furious vio-
lence, that they could fcarce faile againfi it. Here leauing the fliips with fomc oF his
conipanie, he paflTed vp with fomc peeces of Ordnance, and twoboatcs : snd fo draw-
ing the boates with halfers, they made vp the Riuer called BuenaGuia :they were in-
countered with the Indian Inhabitants , who forbad them landing, but i/4larch(Jn
hurlinghis weapons downe, and pulling out cettaine wares to giue them, apneal'cd
thcirfurie.andcaufcd them alfo to lay downe their weapons, andreceiucof him fome
trifles,wbich he gr.ue them.Two leagues higher many Indians came and called to Iiim:
thefe were decked after a ftrange manner, fome had painted their faces all ouer, fome
halfe way .others had vifards on with the fhapc of faces :thcy had holes in their noHrils,
whereat certaine pendants hung , others ware iTiells , hauing their cares full of holes,
with bones and fliells hanging thereat. All of them ware a girdle about their waflc
whereunto wasfaftned a bunch of feathers which hung downe behindelikea t^ile:
They carried with them bagges of Tobacco.Their bodies were traced with cole,their
hairCjCut before,hung downe long behinde.The women ware bunches of feathers be-
fore and behinde them. Theicwerefouremenin womensappareli. ALirchon percei-
ued by fignes, chat the thing t hey moft rcucrenced,w3s the Sunnc, and therefore figni-
fied vnto them , that he came f om the Sunne ; whereat they maruelled, and tooke cu-
rious view of him with greater reuerence then befpre; brought him aboundancc of
foode,firftflinging vppartof euery thing into the Aire, and after, turning to him to '
giuc him the other part; offering in their Armcs to carrie him into their houfcs and
doing elfewhatfocuer he would haue them. And if any flranger came, they would
goe and meet him, to caufc him to lay downe his weapons , and if he would not, they

Xxx a would



782 ^f the Countries JituatelVeJlwdrd from Vlorida^([src. Chap.S,



q Sodomites.



r IJnfibottn
alfoinhis
third Booice
largely trea-
tethofthe
couifcof thefc
and other Na-
nigacions.



vvouldbrcake them in pccc€S. Hec gauc the chiefe of them I'mall wares. They nee-
ded not pray them to he}|tt draw the boatc vp the ftrcamc , eucry One laboured to gee
hold of the Rope : otherwifc it had beene impofTiblc to hauc gotten vp againft the
Current. Hec caufcd Crofles to bee made and giuenihem , wiih inftnidion to ho-
nour them, which they did with extafie of blmdc zcale, kiflingtliem , and lifting
them vp, eueryonecomming for them till hce had not paper and flicks enough for
that purpofc.

And as he pafled further, he met with one which vnderftood his Interpreter, andaf-
kcd ofhim many queftions,to which he anfweredthat he was lent of the Sunne;\vhich
the other doubting.becaufe the Sunnc went in the skie he faid that at his going downe
and rifing, he came nearc the Earth, and there made him in that Land, and fent him hi-
ther to vific this Riuer and the People , and to charge them not to m?ke further warres
oncvpon another. But why, faith the Indian,did he fend you no fooncr ? he anf.vercd,
becaufe before he was but a child.A long Dialogue thus pafled betwixt them, the iffue
whereof was that the Indians cried out, thty would all rcceiue him for their Lord,fee-
ing he was the child of the Sunne.and came to doe them good.This vfe did he make of
their fuperflitious obferaation of the Sunnc, which they worfliipped becaufe he made
them warme(faidthey)andcaufedtheircroppetogrow, and therefore of allthingcs
which they eate , they caft a little vp into the aire to him. They warre one vpon an o-
thcr (athing common to all Sauages) forfmalloccafions: theeldeft and m,oft valiant
guided the armie(for in fomc places they had no Lord;) and of thofe which they tookc
in the warre, fomc they burned, and from fome they plucked out the hearts , and eate
them. AUrchon caufed a Crofle to be made of Timber, commanding his owne people
to worship it , and leauing it with the Indians , with in(truftions euery morning at the
Sunnc-rifc to kncele before it. This they tookc with great deuotion, and would not
fuffet it to touch the ground,vntill they knew it by queflioning.how deep they fliould
fetit, with what compofitionof gcfluretoworflupit, and the like curiofitiesofPaga-
nifliChriftianitic. He was told,that this Riuer was inhabited by three and twenty lan-
guages, that they mailed but one woman to one man. that Maides before mari age con-
uerfed not with men, nor talked with them, but kept at home and wrought : adultei ie
was death : they burned the dead : widowes ftaied halfc a yeare or a whole year before
they married againe. Euery famifie had their fcucrall Governor, other Ruler they had
nonc.The Riuer vfed at fome times to ouctflow the banks.Thcfe people told AUrchon,
that in Ceuola they had many blew ftoncs, or Turquefes , v\ hich they digged out of a
Rock of ttone,and when their Gouernors died, all their goods were buried with chem:
that they eate with Napkins,many waiting at Table : that they killed the Negro before
mentioned, becaufe hee faid hee had many brethren, to whom they thought he would
giue intelligence, and therefore killed him. An old man told him the names oftwo
hundred Lords and people of thofe parts.This old man had a fonne clothed in womar.s
attire, of which fort they had foure: thefe feruedtothe q Sodomiticalllu.'h ofallthe
vnmarncd yong-men in the Countrie, and may not themfelucs haue to dcalc ^.-ith any
woman. They hauc no reward for this their beaftiall trade, but haue libcrtie lo goc to
any houfc for their foodc: when any of them die, thefitfl fonne thai is borne aftcr,fuc-
cccdes in their number.

As for the more Northerly parts , both within Land , and the fuppofed Srrait of A-
nian.withothertbingsmcntionedinMaps, becaufe 1 knownoccrtaintieofthem, I
Icaucthem. The way by Sea from thefe parts to the Philippinas, two of our owne Na-
tion haue pafledjwhofc Voiage,^ as alfo that exadl Defcription of the Jame,by frawcif.
cadeGuallf.a. SpanifliCaptaineand Pilof, MaflerH4ii^/«/r hath related , who hath in
thefe , and other labours of like nature, deepely engaged himfelfe for his Countries
good.and of his countrimcn meriteth an eucrlafting name; and to me (though knowne
at this time, only by thofcportraitures of his induflrious fpirit) hath beene as Admiral!,
holdingout the light vntomcin thefe Seas,& as diligent a guide by land, (which I wil-
Jinoly.yea dutifully .acknowledge^ in a great ;-art of this my long and wcarifom Pilgri-
mage. And now his helpes in this fccond Edition.haue mudi more obliged me (thati
faynotthcc) vntohis laborious ColIec\ions;for which our EnglifliNauigations,both

for



\



CHiP.p. AMERICA. The eight 'Bdoke-



785



for memorial! of paflcd,incouragementofprcfenc, and inftru(5tions to the future, arc
(^zi to Nep fines Secretaric and the Oceans Protonotarie)jndebtcd beyond recom-
pence : and your poore Pilgrimc, with praiers for him, and praifes ef his paines in get-
ting and bountie in communicating, doth according to his wit, without hacking,pro-
fefie Hakjy^tt (in this kinde) his greatcft Bencfaftor.




Chap. IX.

Of New Spahte^ and the conquejl thereof by Hernando Cortes.-

Ow arc wc fafely arriued out of the South » Sea, an'i North vnknownc
Lands, where we haue wildercd our fclues , and wearied the Reader,
in this great and fpacious Countric of New Spaine. New Spaine is all
that which lic(h betweene Florida and California,and confines on the
SouthjWi'hGuatimalaandlucatan; how it came to be fo called, af-
keth a long difcourfe , concerning the Conqucft thereof by Cortes^
vvhofe HiRorie is thus related.

Hernando h Cortes was borne at Medellin in Andulozia, a Prouincc of Spaine,y^««(?
7485. Whenhe wasninetecneyearesold he failed to the Hand of S^Dew;)?^!?, where
O^ijWc) the Goucrnour kindly entertained him. He went to thcconqaefl ot Cuba in
the yeare 1 5 1 1. as Ckrke to the Trcafurcr, vnder the co\\i^v.&.o{ I amesVtl-fques ;^\\q
gaue vnto him the Indians of Manicorao, where he was the firft that brought vp Kine,
Shecpe and Mares,and had heards and flocks of them : and with his Indians hee gathe-
red gi cat quantitie of gold, fo that in ftiorttimehee was abletoputin twothoufand
Caftlins for his ftock,\vith Andres ^e D«ifro a Merchant. At this time Chnjlopher tJMo-
rante had km(An>30 1517.) Ff^'^eis Hernandes de Cordoua, who firft dilcouered Xuca-
tanjwhencehee brought nothing (except the relation of the Countrie) butftripes :
whereupon lames Velafcjucs in the yeare i y 1 8. fent his kinfman lohn de Giria/na,\\[th
two hundred Spaniards c in four fhips : he traded in the Riuer of Tauafco,and for trifles
returned much gold, and curious workesof feathers.Idolsofgoldiawholeharnefleor
farnituie for an armed man, of gold thinne beaten, Eagles, Lyons , and other portrai-
tures found in gold, &c. But while Cjirialtta deferred his returne, V elafyaes zgiecd
with (fortes to be his partner in the Difcoucrie, which he gladly accepted, and procu-
red licence from the Gouernours ifi Domingo, and prepared for the Voiage.

ZJ eli'.fijues afterward vied all meanes to breake off.in fo much that Cortiswas forced
to engage all his owne (iock, and credit, with his friendi in the Expedition, and with
flue hundred and fiftie Spaniards in eleuen {hips , fet faile the tenth of Februarie 1 5 19.
and arriued at the Hand of Acufamil. The Inhabitants at fir(} fled, but by the kinde en-
tcrtainement of fome that were taken^they returncd.and receiued him and his with all
kinde cilices.

They told him of certaine bearded men 'n Yucatan, whither Cortes fent ; and one of
them, Gerouimo de Aguilar came vnto him, who told him, that by fhipwrack at Icmai-
ca, their Caruell being \oi\ twentie of them wandred in the boat without (aile, water,
or bread, thirteene or fourteenc daies , in which fpace the violence of the Current had
caft them on fhore in a Prouince called Maija,where,as they trauellcdjfeucn died with
famine;andtheii' Captaine^rf/t^;«/Vz and other foure werefacrificed to theldolsbythc
Cacike,or Lord of the Countrie. and eaten in a folemne banquet, and he with fix other
were putintoacoupeorcage,to be fatned for another Sacrifice. But breaking prifon,
they efcaped to another Cacike,enemie to the former, where all the refl died,but bini-
felfe, znd ^otfilo Giierrer z Marriner. Hec had transformed himfelfe into the Indian
Cut, boring his Nofe full of holes, his earcs iagged , his face and hands painted , mar-
ried a wife,and becameaCaptaine of nameamongfl thclndians, and would not re-
turne with this <ty4guilar.

Cowfj with this new Intcrpreterpaifred vp the Riuer Tauafco, called of the former
Difcouerer,Grijalua, where theTowne that flood thereon,refufing to viduail him,was

Xxx 3 taken



.a The Spani-
ards call all
that the South
Sea, which is
on thcother-
iide of Ameri-
ca.

b Comxraixhc
firft part of the
Conqueft of
the Weft In-
dies,tranflatcd
into Englifli
by T.NicuiM.



c Of this Voi-
age, Reade P.
Martyrs fourth
Decade: and
Gomafei part, i .
andofaJI
which followes
in this Chap-
ter.

I'.Miirt. Dec. f.
Gom.vbi fiipra.
and CvrlCi his
ownc large
Narration to
thcEmpcrour.



784



OfKe-^ Spainej<tyc,



CHAP.p,



Indian fimpli
cicic.



taken and facked. The Indians herewith enraged, affembled an Armie of fortie thoii-
fand, but Cortes by his Horfc and Ordnance preuailed : the Indians thinking the Horfc
and Rider had bcenc but one Creature , whofe gaping and fwiftnefle was terrible vnto
them, whereupon they fubmitted therofelues. When they heard the Horfes ney, they
bad thought the horlcs could fpeakc,and demanded what they faid .- the Spaniards an-
fwered, thefe Horfes are fore offended with you , for fighting with them , and would
haueyou corrc<5ted : the fimple Indians prefcntedRofes andHenncsto the bcafts, dc-
firing them to eate and to pardon them,

(fortes purpofed to difcouer further Weflward, bccaufe hee heard that iierc were
mines of gold,hauing firft receiued their vaffallage to the King his Mafter.to whom (he
faid) the Monarchic efihe Vniuerfalldidappertaine. Thefe were the firft Valfalls the
Emperor had in Nc w-Spaine. They named the Towne, where thefe things were done,
VtUorie , before called Potonchan,containing near fiue and cwcntie thoufand houfes,
which ate great,made of lime, and ftonc,and brick,and fomc of mud-walls and rafters,
couercd with ftraw ; their dwelling is in the vpper part of the houfc, for the moiftncflc
of the foile. They did eate mans flefh facrificed.

The Spaniards failed Weft ward , and came to Saint John eteVlhfia , where Teitdttli,
the Gouernour of the CountriCj came to him with foure thoufand Indians. He did bis
rcuerencc to the Capcain,burningFrankincenfe(after their cuftomc) and litle Strawcs,
touched in the bloud of his owne bodie : and then prefented vnto him Vidlualls , and
lewclls of gold, and other curious workes of Feathers ; which Cortes requited wich 1l
CoilarcfGlafTe, and other things of fmall value. A womanflaue, giuenhimat Po-
tonchan,vnderftood their language, andfliec, with Aguilttr ^ were his Interpreters.
Cortes profefled himfclfe the fcruant of a great Empcrour, which had font him thither,
whofcpowcrhefo highly extolled, thatTeadiSi maruelled, thinking there had beenc
no fuch Prince in the world as his Mafter and Soueraigne, the King of^cxico , whole
Vaffall he was, named CHutez^uma. To him he fent the reprefcntaiions ofthefe bear-
ded Men, and their Horfei, Apparrcll, Weapons, Ordnance,and other raritics,paiBted
in Coitton clothes, their Ships, and Numbers. Thefe painted Cottons he fent by Pofts,
which deliuered them from one to another with fuch ccleritie , that in a day and night
the meffagc came to Mcxico,which was two hundred and ten miles diftant. Cortes had
demanded, whether c^/«f?*«w<« had gold ? Tendillt affimicd , and Cortes replyed.
That hee and bis fcllowes had a difcafe of the heart, v\ hereunto gold was the beft
rcmedie.

iJHMtez,ttma fent him many Cotton cloathcs of diuers colours, many ruffes of fea-
thers, two wheeles , the one of filuer , with the figiie of the Moone , and the other of
gold , made like the Sunne , which they hold for Gods , and giue vnto them the co-
lours of tlw mettalls moft like them. Each whcelc was two yards and a halfe broad.
Thefe with other patts of the prefcnt were efteemed worth twentie thoufand Du-
cats. (JiUitez.fima a\Co ^rofcffcd ioy, to heare of fo great a Prince, and fo ftrange
people , and promifed prouifion of all neceflarics ; but was very vnwilling ihn Cortes
fliould come to fee him.as he pretended. Yet Cortes perfifted in that his dcfire of feeing
^<fa/tfz,«i»/i,thnt he might further acquaint himfelfe with the knowledgeofthofc parts.
The filly Indians hauing neuer feene fuch ftrange fights, came daily to the Campc to
fee them rand when they heard the Ordnance difcharged.thcy fell downe flat.thinking
the heauens had fallen:theftiips they thought were the God of the aire;called^*i^/-
coMo/t , which came with the Temples on his back , for they daily looked for him. A-
mongft the reft , or rather aloofe off from the reft , were certainc Indians of differing
habit, higher then the othtr.and had the griftlcs of their Nofes flit, hanging ouer their
mouthes^and rings of let and Amber hangingthereat: thcirneathcrlips alio bored,
and in the holes rings of gold andTurkefle-ftones, which weighed fo much, that their
lips hungoucr their chinnes, leaning their teeth bare. This vglineffe they accounted
gallantrie , and fuch vncouth deformitic to be the only brauerie. And thou gallant that
Note for faChi- readeft and deiidcft this madncffe of Fafhton, if thine eyes were not dazeled with light,
on-mongers, nefle (lightl cannot call ii) of felfc-refledled Vanitie, mightcft fee as Monftcr-like fa-
fliions athome, and more fafhionly monfter of thy felfe j thy doathes and oathes, thy

geftures



Spanifii incu-
tablelicknellC'



i^



Chap. 9. AMERICA. The et^ht 'Booh: 785

' ~ ■ — -

gefturesandveflures, makcthy naked Deformity worfc then their thus deformed na»
ketlncfTe ; both indeed feeme to hauc receiuedfome helljfh character (ifthercmaybe
bodily rcprefentation) of that old Serpent in thefe new fafliions, Hriuing who fiiai iJiapfc
himfelfe nccrert to that mifliapcn vglincffe, wherein the Indian iagg?s himfelfe
out of humane lineaments, the other fwaggcrs himfclfcfurtherout of allciuilandChri-
flianotnaments. But thefcfaftiion-mongers hauemadc mcalmoftoutof myfafliionj
and to forgf t my fclfc,in remembring their forgetfiilncflc.

Thefe Indians ofthis new Cur, Cerrwcaulediocome to him, and IcSrned that they
were of Zcmpoallan, a City diHant thence a daics iourney , whom their Lord had fent
to fee what Oods were come in thofc7f«c<*//w, that is, Temples (fo, icfecmeth, they
called the fliippes : ) which held no conuerfation with the other Indians , as bemg not
i'uh\c&.io Mtitez,uma, butonelyas they were holden in by force. Hec gaue chemcer-*-
taine toyes,and was glad to hcare that the Indians ofZempoallan,and other their neigh-
bours were not well affcdJ^ed to Jiwrf-w^w^, but ready, as lar as tlieydurft, to entertniiie
all occafions of war with him. He failed from thence to Panuco , and parted the Riucr
farther, til! he came to a little Townc, where was a Temple, with a Imle Tower, an J
Chappcll on the top, alcended by twenty fteps , in which they found fome Idols, many
bloudy Papers, and muchmans bloud, of thole which had bcenc facrificcd ; the blocke
alfo wheron the cut open thofe Sacrifices, and the razors made of flint, wherewith they
opened their brcaHs, which ftruckc the Spaniards with fome horrour and feare . They
parted a liit'e further, and there hauing taken poffeflion, in the Emperours name, of the
whole CounTey, they founded the Towne De UveraCrux , Cflrff^refigningbisau-.
thority,ai)d Officers being clc<ftcd;and laflly,all with generail csnfent appointing Carta
their Ciptjine.

Cortex went forward to Zempoallan , where he was folemnely receiued and lodged
ina'^reathoufcofLimcandStone, whited withplaiflcr, thatftiinedinthe Sun, a$ if ic
had becnefiluerj fo did the filucr conceits of the Spaniards imagine, thcdefireofthat .
mcctall hauing made fuch an impt ertion in their imigination, that they told Cortes be-
fore he came at it, they had fecnca houfe with walsoffilucr. Here, and at Chiauiztlan,
Cortes incited them to rebel! againft Mutezuma, and to become fcruants to the Spani-
ards, which they did : and be vnder-hand fo wrought, that MtitsKftmazooVc him foB
hisfiiend.

All his intent was to fifh in troubled waters, and to fct them both By the earcs, that he
might watch opportunity to benefit himfelfe. His ownc people rebelled, fome of whom
beechaflifcd with the halter andthcwhippefortximpleto the reft : and after caufed
all his fhippes to bee funke clofely , that they fliould not mindc any rcturne . Hee left
an hundcred and fifty men for the Guard ofthe New Towne, vn6cxTedro de Henrico,
and with foure hundcr rd Spaniards , fifteene horles , and fixe peeces ot Anillery , and
thirteene hundered Indians, they wentfrom Zempoallan, sndcametoZaclotan, the
Lord whereof was 0/««f/fr the fubieft of yl/«fd'-t«w4 , whoto telUfiehis ioy , and to
honour Cortes, commanded fiftie men to be fjcrificcd , whcle bloud tbcy lawc new.
and frefli.

Theycatried the Spaniards on theirfliouldcrs, fitting on Bferes,fach as wheron they
vfe to carry dead men. Hebragged asmucbof thcpowerotyW^/f.c«w<2, asthcSpani-
ards of their Emperour . He faid he had thirty vartals , each of which was able to bring
into the field an hundered thoufandmenof war, andfacrificed tv\cnty thoufandmcn BloudySactK
yeercly to the Gods :in this he fome what exceeded ; the other was true, although fome fites.
yetres the facrifices alfo were thought to amount to fifty thoufand , This Towne was



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 153 of 181)