Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 154 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 154 of 181)
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great, and had thirteeneTemplcs, in each of which were many Idols ot (^one of diners
fafhions, before whom they facrificedmen,DL)iies , Qiniles, andcther tbingswith
great perfumes and veneration . Hecrc ,(W»ff«/<»?^ had fiue thoufand fouldicrstnGa-
rifon . Cortes parted from thence to Mexico by the fronticts ot T'axcallon, which
were enemies to t^tMte^i^ma , whom hee might eafily haueoucrcome , butrefer-
ued partly for the exercile ot his fubiefts to the war, partly tor the facrificcs to his "ods.

Thefe ioytitdan hundered and fifty thoufand men againft Cortes, taking him tot
jVfite-ctima's friend : and yet eucry day fcuthiraCuinney-cockes and bread, partly



Of New Spaine, zsrc.


Thxcallan a
great City.


Store of Teni'
pies and deuo-

Popocatefec a
burning hill.

tocrpiehisflrengthjandpartjyinabraucry, left their glory fhculcibeobfcured in the
conquert of men already flerucn . But when in many skirmifhes and fights they could
not prcuaile againft that handfull of Spaniards, they thought they were prcfcrued from
iianne by inch jntmencs : and fent bim tlirec prefents with this melfagc ; That it'hc were
that rigorous god which eateth mans flcfh , hce (hould eat thofc fiuc flaucs which they
brought him, and they would bring him more : if he were the mccke and gentle God,
behold frankinfcnce, and feathers : ifhe wcrea mortal! man, takcheercfowlc, bread,
and cherries. At laft they made peace witli him, and fubmitted their Citie to him. Thcic
Citie TIaxcailan was great, planted by a Riuers fide, which iflued into the South-fea. Ic
had foure Hreets, each of which had their Captaine in the time of war.Thcgouernment
wasan Ariflocraty , hating Monarchic no leffe then tyranny. Ic had eight and twenty
Villages, and in ihem an hundcred and fifty thoufand houftiolds, very poore, bat good
warricurs.They had one market-place lb fpacious, that thirty thoufand pcrfons in a day
came ihicher to buy and fell by exchange : for money they had none.

MHte<,uma had lent before to C«'>-^i?/,and promifed tribute to the Emperour, what»
focuer fliould be impofcd ; oneiy be would not haue him come to Mexico . And now
he fenc ag-ine, that he fliould not trufl that new frirndfliip with the be ggcrly Nation of
TIaxcailan, and they againe counfelled himnot to aducnture himfelfe to Mutex^uma,
Cor/wheld his determination for Mexico, and being accompanied with many of the
Tlaxcanilv xas he went to Chololla.a little from whence MntezMma had prepared an ar-
mie to entrap him in the way ; but he finding the ttechery, ic redounded vpon the Cho-
lollois, the lame day they had thought to hue executed the fame vpon him. For this
end they had facrificed ten children, fiue males, and as many females, three yeeres old,
to ^ezjalcouathhiMGod, which was theircuftome when they began their war?. He
out-going them in their owneart offubtilty , entrapped their Captaines in Counfell,
and fenc hisarmieto fpoiie the Citie, where wereflaine thcufand<. There wee twenty
Gentle-men, and many Piiefls which afcer.ded vp to the bighTowcr of their Temple,
which had an hundred andtwencyfteps, where they were burned, togetiier with their
gods and Sanftuary. ,

This Citie had twenty thoufand houdiolds within the walles, and as many in the Su-
burbs. It fliewed outward very faire and full of Towers, for there were as many Tem-
ples as dayes in the yeere, and cuery one had his Tower . The Spaniards counted fou.e
hundred Towers. It was the Citie of mofl deuoi ion in all India, whither they trauclle J
from many places far diflant in Pilgrimage . Their Ca thedrall Temple was the befl an J
highefi in all New Spaine, with an hundered and twenty rteps vp to it. Their chicfc god
was^^f^ii«/cfl«^t/, godofthe Aire, wbowas (they fay) fou.ider of iheir City, b.inga
Virgin, of holy life and great penance. Heinllitutcdfafting, and.dra'\ing ofbloud out
of their eares and tongues, and leftprcccpcs ofSacrifices. H-neuerwarebutonc gar-
ment of Cotton, white, narrow, and long, and vpon that a Mantle , befet with ccrtainc
red crofles.They haue certaine grcene Hones which were hi?,and are kept for great re-
liques rone of them is like an Apes head . Eight leagues from Chololla isthc hiliPo- •
pocatepec, or fmoakc-hil, which the Earth feemeth to haue cr^tSted as a Fort to encoui-
terandaflault theairemow withfmoaky miflisendeuouiingtochoakhispurerbrcath,
another while with violent flames, and natural) fire-workes tbreatning to ioyne league
with his elder and fupericurbrotlier to difinherit him .-lometimes wiih Ihowres ofafhcs
and embers, as it were, putting cut the eyes, and fomctimes with terrible and dtcad.ull
thunders, rending the cares of that Airy Element ; alwaies (luchis the ot vvarte)
hurting and wafting it felfe, to endamage the enemy. The Indians thought it a place ot
Purgatory, whereby tyrannical and wicked officers were punilbed after their death, and
after thatpurgationpafrcdinto glory. TheSp3niardsaducnturcdtofeeit,bac two on-
ly held on their iourney.and had there beene confumcd , had they net by a rocke beene
fliadowed from the violent eruption of the fire which then happened . It chanced that
the Earth, weary it feemeth of the warrc, as hauing fpeat herftore andmuntion, a-
grecd on a trucewhich continued ten yeeres : but in the yeere i 540. it brake forth in-
to mdrc violent hoftility then before,quaking and renting v (eifewith vnbiidled paifion -



Chap-p. AMERICA. Theet^htUoke,


and whereas the Aire had alwayes a fnowie garrifon about her high tops , and frontircs
to code and quench her fiery flioure? , yet thefc did but kindle a greater flame, the afli^s
whereof cam-; to HucxoztncOjQuelaxcopon, Tepiacac.Chololla andTiaxcallan, and
other places, ten, or asfomefay, fiftccne leagues diftmt, andburnedthcir heatbesjn
their Gardens, their ficldesofcornt-.trecs and clothes that they laid a drying. The ?&/(r<i»
Crat'.r, er mouth whence the fire iffied, is about halfea league in compaffe. The Indi-
ans kiff^d their garment5(an honour done vnto their gods) which had aduenturcdthcm-
feiuesto thisdreadfullfpc6l3c!c.

Cortes drawing nccre to Mexico, t^ute^uma fsarcd, faying , Thcfe arc the people
which our gods faiJ fhouldcome and inherit this Land . Hee went to his Oratory, and
there fhut vp himfclf'e alone, abiding tight dayes in prayer and, with Sacrifice of
many men, to aflake the fury of his offended deities. The Diuell biddcs him not to fearc
and that he fliou'd continue thole bloudy Rites , aflliring him that hee ihould haue the
goAiVitz.iltfsif<,U and Tefcatltpca to preferuc him , faying, That ^e^akouatk permit-
ted the diftiuflon at Chololla, for want of that bloody facrificc. Cor/wpaflldahillfixe
miles in bcight, where by the difficulty of the pjflagr, and oftlie coid (being alway co-
uercd with faow) the Mexicans might eafily haue preuentcd his paffing further. Hence
hee efpied the Lake, whereon Mexico and many other great Townes did fland, Iztac-
fiue thouland.Thefe Townes are adorned with many Temples and Towers, that beauti-
ficthc Lake. From Iztacpalapan to Mexico is two leagues, allon afaireCaufcy , with
many draw-bridges, ihorow which the water paflcth.

Mtitezjitnd receiued Cortes with all folemnity on the eight of Nouember 1 5 19. into
thi? great Citir, cxcufing liimfelf of former vnkindnefles the bcft he could. Of his houfe,
andMaiefticdndthe diuine conceit the people had of him , wee {hall fpeake after more
fully, JS alfo of tiic Temples, Priefis, Sacrifices and other remark; ab!c thingj of Mexico.

Mntezuma prouided all things neceffary for the Spaniards and Indians that attended
the.n : cuen bcddcs of flowers were made, in place of litter for their horfes , But Cortes
difguietcd with thofe thoughts whichcommonly attend ambition(difcontent in the prc-
fcnt, hopes and feares of the futurt*) vfed the matter fo, that he tOoke A{nte<.KmA ^xi^o.
ner, and dctayned him in the place appointed for the Spaniards lodging, with a Spanifti
Guard about him, permitting him other wife to dcalc in all priuate or publike affaiers,3S
before. Heercupon C<«r<«w^j, Lcrdof Tezcuco, nephew to //«?f^M/»»<j , rebelled, but
by treacbrry of his owne people was prefcnted prifoner to MutezMma , Hee, after this
fummond aParliament, where he made an Oration vnto hislubie(3s, faying, *Thathe
andhis Predeccflours were not naturals of the Countrey, but his Fore-fathcrscamc
from a farre Country ; and their King returned againc, and faid, hee would fend fuch as
{Jiould rule them. And he hath now fent thefe Spaniards, faith he. Heereupon he coun-
fellcd them toyecldcthemfelucsvaflals totheEmperour, which they didathiscom-
mand, though with many tcaresonhis part and theirs, at tliis farewell of their hberty.
t^fttezjtma prcfently gaue to Cortes, in the name of tribute, agreat qua!.tity of Gold
and other icwcls, which amounted to fixtcene hundred thoufand CaOlins of Gold, bc-

Cortes had hif herlo a Continaall viftery in Mexico without any fight : but newes was
brought him ofTamphilo de Narmes, who was fent w ith eighty horfe , and fpmc hun-
dreths of Spaniards by ^/<j/^««, to interrupt the proceedings of Ccr/f/ .- wholcauing
two hundercd men in Mexico, with two hundercd and fifty other came fuddenly in the
night, and tooke N^thms Prifoner, and returned to Mexico with Naruaes his company,
now his followers alfo, where he found his men exceedingly dinrcflcd by the Citizens,
for a murther committed in the great Temple at a foleraneFeafl, wherein areligious
daunce, they were flaine, for the rich garments and ie wcls they ware, by the Spaniards.
Cortes amc in good time for the reliefe of his men : and MMtezjtma caufed the Mexicans
to bridle their rage , which prefently was rcnued, and VihznMHtezHtna was againc by
his Guardians, the Spaniards , caufed to fpeake to the people : a blow of a flone on his
tcnplet vvounded hiraj whe;eof three daics after he died.


Mute^iimat re-

* The like
made atiiiftto
Cortes, who ea-
fily wroughton
applying tiiis
Traditioi to
the Spaniards,


^ 8 g Of New Spaine, asrc. Ch


Cortes had fomcthoufands oil\\cTl{ixoltecai tohclpe him,buc wasdriuen toflec from
Mexico with all his Spaniards and IndiJns, which he did clolely in the night, but yet an
aiatmewasraifed, and the bridges being broken, much flanghter of dispeople was
made by the Mexicans, and all his treafure in manner left . They purfucd after him alfo,
and had two hundred thoufand in the field : when it was Cortes his gojd bap to (liv the
Standard-bearer, wbereupotj the Indians forfooke the field. This battell was fouo'ht at

At TIazcallan, he and his were kindly entertayned ; they had prepared before 50 thou-
fand men to goe to Mexico for his helpc, andflow they promilcd him all offices of loys],
ty and feruices. With their hclpe he fubducd Tepcacac ; and bu'It certaine Brigandines
orFrigats, which were carried many Icagueson thebackcs ofthofe Indians, and there
faftenrd and finiflicd, without which he could neuer haue won Mf xico.

In Texcuco certaine Spaniards hadbcenc taken , facrificed and eaten, which C«-^«
now rcucnged on them. Eight thoufand men had caricd the loofcpecces and timber of
this Nauy,guarded with twenty thoufand Tljxcallans.and a thciifaiid Tam'jmez or Por-
ters, which carried visuals attending. The calked them with Tow, and for want of Tal-
low and Oyle, they vfcd mans greafe, of fuch as had beene fliine in the wars. For fo the
Indiansvfed,tot?kcout thegreffcoftheirfacrificcs. CorteshzA heereninc bundercd
Spaniards, of whichfourcfcore and fix were horfc-mcn, three caft pecces of iron, fifteen
fmallpeccesofBraflc, and a thoufand weight ofpowder, and looocoLidian fouldiers
on his fide. He made a fluce or trench abouc tw< lue foot : road, and two fathome deep,
halfe a league long, in which 4oooo.mcnv\ rough fifty dayes. He lanchcd his Vcflch.and
fooneouercaraealltheCanoas of the Lake, ofwhich were reckoned in all 5. thoufand.
The Spaniards brake the Conduits of fvveet water, wherewith the Citie was wont co be

^uabutimoc now the new King of Mexico,receiuing encouragement from the diue I-
lilitOiJcle, caufedtobreakc downc the Bridges, and to cxfrcife whatfocuer wit or
flren;»th could doe in defence of his Ciiie, fometiines conquering, fometimes ( as is the
doubt full chance of warre) conquered . Cortes had in^Tczcuco ordained a new King,«
Chnftian Indian, of the royall bloud, who much aflilkd him in this fi^ge ; The Spani-
ards beirgLordsof thcLake, andoftheCaufcyes, by helpe of their Galliots and Ordi-
nance , tl cy fired a great part of the Citie. Oneday the Mexicans had gotten fome ad-
uantage, and thereupon celebrated a Feaft of Vid^ory . ThePricfts wentvp into the
Towers oiTUteluko, their chiefc Temple, and made there perfumes of fvveet Gummes,
in token ofvi£lory, and facrificed forty Spaniards, which they had taken captiue?, ope-
ning their brcafls, and plucking out their hearts for offerings to their Idols, fprinkling
their bloud in the Ayre, their fellowes looking on, and not able to rcuenge it.They flew
likcwifc many Indians, and foure Spaniards o\' Alvarados company , whom the ear in
the open fight of the Army . The Mexicans danced, drankethcmfelucsdrunke, made
bone-fires, Hrucke vp their Drummes, and made all folemne exprefTings ofioy . Dread,
Difdain,and al the Furies that paflion or compaffion could coniurc vp,had now filled the
Spaniards hearts and iheir Indian partakers : and Cortes , that hitherto had hoped to rc-
fcrue fome part of the Citie, nowdid thevtmofl that Rage and Reuenge could efFciSt,
belpedno lefTe within with Famine and Peftilencc, then with fword and firewithour.-
At.'aHMfX'coisrafed, the Earth and Water fharing betwixt them what the Fire had
left, and all which had fomctime chalenged a lofty inheritance in the Ayre. Their King
a'fo was taken ; all that mighty State fubuerted : And as the Mexicans before had pro-
pheci:d,Th3t theTlaxantleca'sfliouldagaine build the Ciiie , if conquered, for thcmg
if conquerors, for the Spaniards. Icwasre-builded with ahundcrcd thoufand houfes,
fairer and fironger then before . The Siege laflcd three Moneths , and had therein two
hundcred thoulandlndians, nine hundered Spaniards , fourefcoreHorfes, feucnteene
Pecces of Ordinance, thitteene Galliots, and fix thoufand Canoas.Fit'tic Spaniards were
flain^', and fix Horfcs : of the Mexicans a hundered thoufand , bcfiees thofe which died
ot Huiigcrand Pcflilence.

This was effc6lcd %/imo . i s a i • on the thirteenth day of Augufl , which


C H A P.l o. AMERICA. Theei^k 'Booke, j^

for that caufe is krpt fcfliuall euery yecrc. For the Difcription of the Country wherein
Mcjcicoisfituaze, ^o/-r«in bi3y<'crWA'<<rr<ir<o«to thcEmperourfaith, itiscnuironcd
withhilies : ( Hctcllcth of fomchi'lcsalfoin hisiourney wherein dwcrs of his people
died w iih cold) in the middefl is a plainc of 70. leagues compafle.and therein two lakes
which extend the circuit of jo. leagues j the one file which cbbcth and floweth, (an ar-
gument for TatntiM his opinion, that faltnefle is a chicfe caufe of that viciffitude ofeb-
bing and flawing, in the Ocean ) the other frcfh : When the water of the fait Lake in-
creafeth, it runneth like a violent flreamc into the frefli Lake, which when it decreafcth
is rcpaied 3{>aine by the like iflueofthis into the former.

Nmno di Gufman * ba:h written his expedition into Mecho - can and other Countries
of N'w-Spaineiy^o. fubducing and taking poflcflion for the Fmperour : Hefcuad '^^■'^'^'^ji
fomcofthcm Sodomites, others Sacrificcrs ofmensflelh,and feme dolly praftifino this "^'^""''^''•S'
bu:chery after they had profefled themfelues Chriflians : none of tlicm which°durU
lookea Horfeiii the face, but wereafraid thatthatbeaft wouldcatthem. The feue- "^-''•P"^'"*"
ra!! peoples by him reckoned would heere be tedious to name : which we may fay of the ^ '^'*' ^'^^*
Wkt midzhy Gedoy znAAlnarado*. Of the cuftomes of the ancient Mexicans one of v(.l.\. "'"'
Cortw his Gentlemen hath written a Treatifc * extant in Rkmufim , wherein arc de- ^RthtJelTf
I'cnbcd their Citie, Temples, Rites of Sacrifice, and the like } asaftcrfoUowethoutof *'/'''''»"•
him and others.

Chat. X.

of the ancient inhahitints of New- Sfnine , And the Hifiory
of their Kings.

Auing now declared the fubuerfion of this State andKingdome by the
Spaniatds, I hold it not amiflc to looke backcvpon the firfl people
which heere inhabited, with the beginnings and proceedings of the
Mexican Empire. The» firfl inhabitants ofNcw-Spainc were very bar- iBotmpjrt.t^
barousandfauage, which liucd onely by Hunting, and for this rcafon /;. 5.
were called Chtehimecas. TU'.y liucd naked, folitary in the Mouncaincs, without Tillage, lof.Aco^a, 1. 7.
Policic, or any religious Ceremonies: their wiues followed the fame Hunting exercile, ^'>h'^^^">'>
leauiag their children tied in a Panier of Reedes to the boughes of fome Tree. They did ^q'c ^'^'
eat what they got in Hunting, raw. They eat alfo Snakes and Lizirds, which they otfc-
ledlikewifeinfacrificctotheSunne, whom onely they wordiipped, and that without 3-
ny Image : they offered to him Fowles, from the Butter-flic to the Eagle. And fome
remnants of the like beaflly men (as is faid before) are yet found, which doc great hurt,
and will either cunning or force of the Spaniards,bc reduced to any other courfe.
Theyfeeme to hauelcained the Sauage nature of the wildeBeafts, ofwhomand with
whomtheyliue. BythismcauesitcamctopEffe, thatthis wildc Mountainouspeople
left the befi and moflfertile part of the Countrey vnpcoplcd, which certaine remote Na-
tions poffeflcd, whom they called *> Navatalcas, for their ciuility. Thefe came from bNauatalcai
thofe Northcrnr parts, which now they call New Mexico . Tne NavatalcM paint their fignificth wel-
beginning and firrt Territory in manner of Caues (becsufeofthcirfcucn Tribes) and 'pe*''"'-
mcncomming out of them . By the fupputation of their Bookes this departure was a-
bout eight hundred yeeres fince, and (by reducing to our accompt ) about the ycere of
our Lord 710. Fourefcorc yeeres they flaicd on the way, the caufe whereof they afcrjbc
to their Gods, which fpeakevifibly to them, and bad them feeke new Lands that had
fuchfignes as they notified.

Thus they proceeded in feeking thofe fignes, and peopled the bcfl partes , flill re~
inouing their habitations as they found more fertill Countries, leauing onclythea-
ged, ficke, and weary , with a few others to reroaine in the former , And by thefe lei-
furely proceedings thcycntred the Land of Mexico, about the ycere po2, after ouc
accompt. Tfaofe fcuen Nations cams not all at once j but firfl the Suchimilcos , next


Ypo Of the ancient inhabitants of New Spaine, <ijrc. Ch ap. i o.

theChalcas, and thirdly the Tepanetans, fourthly thofc ofTefcuco , after them the
Tlalluxans : thefixt were the Tlafcahccans, which helped the Spaniards to conquer
Mexico, and therefore are exempted from tribute to this day . Thefc txpeiled, as chtir
Hiltorics fay , certaine Gyants , whominprctcnceof frienclfhip they had ir.uired toa
banquet, and in their drunkenneflcflolc aw ay their weapons, andflewthem. Neither
doththisfeemea fablejforat this day are founddead mens bones,of incredible. bi^ncflf.
Ifaw a tooth (faith^co/<», in tbcyeere i586,as b'gas thcfiftofaimn and
according to this, ail the refi was proportionable. Three hundred and twoyearesafttr
the firft tranfmigration,thofc ofthe kuenth Caue or Line arriucd.wh ch is the Mexican
Nation : they woriliipped the \do\\Fttz.Uftttz,lt, and the Dcuill ipake and gouerned this
Nation. He promifcd lo make them Lordi ouer all, which the other fix Nations poffcl-
fcd,andtogiue themaLand plentifullin riches : whereupon they went forth, carrying
their Idoll with them in a Coftc: oi Reedes, fupportcd by foore of tht ir pnnc pal Priefis,
with whom he talked, and communicated his Oracles and Dittdioua. Hceliktwife
gaur them Lawes, and taught them theCeremonics and Sauifices they fli - uld obferue.
And cuems the pillar of Cloud and Fire conduced the Ifr-iclitcs i'.i th.-ir piflai^c tliy:ow
the Wilderneflc , fo this apifh Dcuill gaue them notice when co atuia.ict mi vvjrdf, and
when toftay. Thefirrt thing they did vrhercfoeueriheycam^, was t^^buikl a houfeor
Tabernacle for their K'^-c/»/'«/^-tA, v^hjch they f. talway in the midJtfiol tneirCampc,
and there placed the Atkc in the ir.iddeft ofthe Altar. Tnjsdonc, ihiy lowed tiie Land,
and iftheir God commanded to gather, theydidfo, ard iftoraife their Campe, they
obeyed, Icauing the aged, fickc, and weary, to g;h r their fruits, and to dwell tbcic.
The chiefc Captaine whom they follow was called /l/f.v» , whencethe name o.tlieir
cMexico and c Qtieand Nation. Their Idoll perfwaded them, when fome were bathing thcmlelues
The Mexican *" ccrtainc Lakes, to remouc the Campi cicfly, and flealc away their cloathes : whcrc-
pifture-hiftory at they which were thus forfaktn , changed their languagcand manner of life, rccay-
&ithof Mexiti ning alway thcirhatrcd to the Mexicans. They peopled theProuince M.chouacan,
the name of From hcncc to Mexico is fifty leagues , andvponthe wayisMalinaIco, which they fay
the people ^jj peopled by a Witch and her famly , whom by the eommandcmcnt of their God
fo called. they left behind, clofely rcmouing t.leairoyby night. They flayed in a place called

Tuta, where by flopping a Riuer, they drowned aP.aine, and planted i: round with
Willowcs and other Trtcs; and many liking the place, tafked of flaying there rwhereat
their God offended, threatened the Pacfls , and in the night flew thoici^hich had cen-
fultcd of flaying . Their hearts were found pulled out, and their flomackes opened.
which, Cifterthat, theyoblerucd in their Sacrifices. The Mexicans, by theacuifeof
their Idoll, proceeded, and by foicc made way through theChalcas , and lent to the
LotdofCulhuacan, who granted thcmthc place of 7i<r»j^^^» to dwel in, wbichwas
full ofSnakes and venomous Beafis , which by the he'pe oi > hfir God they tamed. Hec
would notfufferthcm to flay there, but commanded them toproceede, and to fecks
forthawomm, wlwjm theyfliould name the Goddcfle of D,fcord . Whreuponthcy
fcnt to the King of Culhuacan , to demand his daughter to be Queenc ofthe M ;xican j,
and mother of their God ; who cafllycondelccnded, and (enchisdaughtergo.geouf-
lieattyred. Thefame night fhe arriued, byorder of their God, (lie wasiiii.r.i,ered,
and flayed, and a young man was ccuered with herskinne, with her appa:c!l there-
on, and bei-ig placed neere the Idoll , was corfecrated aGoddcfle, and m;'th^rof
their God , euer after worftiipirg the fame, making an Idoll which th:y call Toccp
that is , our Grand>mother . The Ki ig of Culhuacan heereupon wa red a^ainfl them,
and chafed them out of thofc parts, by whi;h meanes they came to tue pLce where
Mexico now is. Hcere certaine old Priefles or Sorctrers, en ering into a place full of
Watcr-Lillics , they met with a very fiire and cleare current of Water, with Trees,
Mfdowes, Fifli, and other things : allvcrie white which were tliefigncs their God
hadgiucn them of their prcmifeU Land , I:i the night following , ^//^A/'/fi-i./i appea-
red in a dreame to an ancient p. icft, faying. That theyfliould goe fcckeout aTunal
in the Lake, which grew out of a ftone, vpon which they fliouid fee an E'jile feeder
ingonfmallBirdes, which they fliould htjldforthc place where theiiCuiefliould be
built, to become famous through the World. Heereupon, the next day they ail aflem-


Chap./o. AMERICA. Theet^k^ooke, 791

bled, and diuiding themfclues into bands, made chat fearch with great diijgencc and

In their fearch they met with the former Watcr-courfe, not white (as it was then)
but reddelike bloud, diuiding it fclfc into two ftrcames, one of which was on obfcurc
Azure. At laft they cfpied the Eagle with wings difplaycd toward the Sunne,compafled
about with many rich feathers ot diuerfe colours , aud holding in his Tallons a goodly
bird. Atthis fight they fell on their knees.andwcfliipped the Eagle , with great dc- g Mexico Tc-
monflrationsof ioy and thankesto ?*f^.'''/'«^^/'. For this caufe they called the Citic, noxtikan.
which there they founded ', Tenoxtiltan, which fignifics, Tunal, on a ftone; and to this
day carrie in their armes an Eagle vpon 1 Tunal, with a bird in his Tallon.

Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 154 of 181)