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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 155 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 155 of 181)
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The next day following, by common confcnt, they made an Heremitsge , adioyning
to theTunalofthe Eagle, thattheArke of their God might reft there, till they might
haue meancs to build him a fumptuous Temple. This they made of Flagges and
Turfcs, couered with Straw. Afterwardes they confultcd to buy of their neighbours
Stone.Timbcr, Lime in exchange of Fifh,Fowles, Frogges, and other thinges which
they hunted for in the Lake ; by which meancs they procuring neceffaries , built a
Chappell of Lime and Stone, and laboured to fill vp part of the Lake with rubbifh.
The Idoll commanded, that they (hoalddiuide themfclucs into foure principall quar-
ters about this boure, and each part build therein ; Co which he enioyned certaine Gods
of his appointment, called Calpultecca, which \%,^im-ter-^ods^hiS was the beginning .
ofMexico.

Thisdiuifion fcemcdnotcqualltofomcofthe Ancients, who valued their defert's
farreaboue their allotted portion who therefore fcparated themfclucs, and went to
Tlatedulco; whofe pra6tifes againft the Mexicans caufedthcra to chufcaKing, to
which Soueiaigntie was chofen v^c^w^'^if^//, Nephew to thcKingof Culhuacan , and ,
of the Mexican bloud by the fathers fide. Kim by embaflagc they dcmaunded, and ob-
tained in the name of their God, with this anfwere from the King ofCuIhuacan.-Lfr/wj . ., .
n-and-elnhigoetoferHeyour God, and be hti Ltetttenantjo rule andgcucrnchii- Creatures, g^j^ Kine of ~
i>yivhom ve hue; who « the Lord of Night, Dale, and Wmdes : Let him goe and bee Lord Mexico.
tfthe W.tter and Land, andpojfcfe the (JMcxican Nations, ^c.

Hee was folcmnely welconimed by the Alexicans : Wi^Iceme thou art (fayth an ^ Ora- f Many of
tour vn to him in their name) to thisfoorc Houfe arid Citie,amongfithefefFeeds and Afud, '^^^^ Orations
where thjpoore Fathers, Grandfathers ^ and Kmsfolkes endure what it pleafeth the Lord "/?"■ ^/"o'^ r.
thinges created. Remember Lord, thou commefi to he our defence^ and to be therefemblance ygnth bookc
efVitzliputzli , nottoreslthy felfe , but to endure a new charge :w\ihm3mevJorcicsod\i large full of
that eftc6t, exprcffed in ihe Mexican Hiflories , refcrued by tradition ; the children to wittie inventi-
ihat end learning them by heart,and thefe being as prcfident s to them which learned the °"''. ^"i* a \
Art Oratorie, After this, they were fwornc, and he crowned. The Crowne was like that [^°"j_
of the Dukes of Venice. Hisnamce/^r^zw^/'iA-r/^'fignifiethahandfullof Reedes, and
and therefore they carrie in thcit Armories a band , holding manic Arrowcs of
Reedes.

TheMexicansat this time were tributaries to the Tapanccans, whofe chiefs Cittie
was Azcapuzalco: who iudging, according to the nature ofEnuie and Sufpition,
that they were fo much weaker how much the flronger they law their neighbours,
thought to oppreffe them by a flrange policie,in impofing an vncouth,and(in ftiew) im-
poflible tribute: which was that they fbould bring theTapunecan King a Garden, plan-
ted and growing in the water. In this their diflrcflc, ^/f-^//))«/^/< taught them to doc it,
by cafling earth vpon Reedes and Graffe laved in the Lake, and planting in this mouing
Garden Maiz, Figgcs Gourds and other things, which at the time appointed they car-
ried growing and ripe : a thing often finceprooued in that Lake, emulous no leffeof
that glorie,t© be accounted one of the W^»i!/frx in that New JVorld , thenthofcpcnfill
Gardens, towrcd vp in the Ayre at Babylon, both here and there the reafon of man,3c-
cording to his natural! priuiledgc, fubic6ling to his vfc the mofl rebellious Elements of
Ayre and Water.

c/ieamapixtli , the Mexican King,afterhee had raignedfortieyeares, dyed, leaning r^f^'/""'''' the
it to ihcit choife tochufe his Succcirour. They chofe his Sonne J'lt^tkvitU , which iccondKmg.

Yyy ■ Cgnificch



ypi Ofthe ancient inbahitdnts of Ntti>Spaine,^c. Chap-Io;



fignificth a rich Feather: They annointcd him withanOiacmcnt, which they call Di-

"UpMGtm *^'"^' bcingthc fame whcrcwiththeyannoyntthcirldoli.

partu ' 0( ihe'itCoTOTtavoti thus* Lope z.deGomar/t (ay th, that this wai doncby the High

Pricft,attyred'inhisTo«r»/?c<</<^«/,attcndedwith many others in Surplices, the Oint-
ment was as blacke as Inke. They blcffed him and fprinkled him foure times with Holy
Water, made at thc^ims of the confccration of their God. Then they put vpon his head
9 Cloth, painted with the bones and skuls of dead men, clothed him with a blacke gar-
ment, and rpon that a blew, both painted with figures of skuls and bones. Then did
they hang on him Laces, and bottles of Pouders, wiiereby he was deli'uered from difea-
fcs and Witchcrafts .Then did he offer Inccnfe toj'itijliputz/iyand the High Prieft tooke
his Oath, for the maintenance of their Religion, to maintaine luflice and the Lawes} to
caufc the Sunne to giue his light, and the Clouds to raine , and the Earth to bee fruit-
full, &c. Laftly, followed the acdamationsof the people, crying, Codfauethe King^
with dances, &c.

He being crowned and hauing receiued homage of hii Subiefts.obtained the King of
Azcapuzalcohisdaughtcrtowifcjby whomhe hadafonne called Chimaipopoca ^ and
procured a relaxation of tribute from bis father in Law. Hee was deuout in his fupcrfli-

Cbimlpopoctt.i. tions; hauing raignedthirteencyeare$,he dyed. His fonne then but ten yeares old,was
chofeninhis roome , butwasfoone after flaine by the Inhabitants of Azcapuzaico,

Itfoilt.^' The Mexicans enraged with this iuiurie, aflcmbled them themfelues, and an Orator, a-

mong many other wordcs tels them. That the Sunne is ecclipfed and darkened for a time,
butwtllreturnefttddenljfinthechoife of another King, They agreed ypon Jzxoaltj which
iignifieth a Snake of Rafors, the fonne oi Acamapixtlithin firft King.The common peo-
ple were earneft with this new King for peace with the Tapanccans , for the obtaining
whcreofthcy would carrie their God in his Litter for an intcrccflor. This was hindered
, by Tlacaellec the Kings Nephew, a refolutc and valiant young man, who aUo with perill

ofbis life.vndcrtcoke and Embaflage to Azcapuzalcoand there defied the Kingannoin-
ting him with the ointment ofthe dead, after their mannner. Thecommons of Mexico
were herewith offended , and to pacific them.the King indented with them , That if hec
lofl the Field, they fhould cate him and his Nobles ; they on the other fide promifing,if
he did oucrcome, to become his Tributaries (for before they enioyed much frcedome)
and to labour in his Fields and Houfes, and to become his feruants in Warre and Peace.
In fine, fuch was the valour oi Tlacaellec theGenerall , that the enemies were ouer-
throwne, their Citie facked, and the remainder of them made tributaric, the lands and
goods ofthe conquered being diuided among theConquctours , and fome rcfcrueto
each quarter of Mexico, for the vfe of their Sacrifices.

C«y<ic^» had the nextplace in the Mexican Conquefls: who hauing inuited the Me-
xicans to a banquet, in the end thereof fcnt for the lad feruice, womens habits , which
they forced them to put on: but Izxoalt and Tlacaellec made them know, by their ruine,
the manhood ofthe Mexicans. Tbeyfiibdued alfo the Suchimilcos, and Cuitlavac^, a

^/sffftfw/i'the Citie in the Lake; Tefcuco,yeelded it fclfe./-cfo^/r after iwelue yeares died, za^Mote.

fift King. ^umA the firft was chofen in his flead.

Prcfcntly after his Election they condu(Sled him to the Temple with a great traine,
where before the Diuine Harth ( fo called in regard of the continuall fire there kept)
they enthronized him. The King there drew bloud from his cares and legges with a
Griffons tallons as s Sacrificc,and was congratulated with many Orations ofthe Pricfts,
Auncients, andCaptaines. And whereas before they had accuftomed , in their Ele-
ctions to make great Feafles andDaunces , and wafted many Lights ; Hee brought
inthecuftome, perfonally to make warre in fome Prouincc, thence to procure Sa-
crifices, tofeaft their Gods and men. This he performed at Chalco , from whence hec
brought many Captiues, which on the day of his Coronation were facrificed and eaten.
At this Feofl all his Tributes were brought in with great folcmnitie, each Prouincc
marching by it felfc, bcfides innumerable Prefents. AH Coromers were bountifully
entertained, and the poore wereclad with new garments, giuenthemby theKing»
The Chalcas had taken a brother of iW«fff»w<« > and would haue made him their

King.



C H A P.t o. AMERICA. The eight 'Booke. 79 ?



King, b\K hce cnioyning thtmtomakc ahigh Scaffold, aiccnded thereon, and cel-
ling them, the Gods would not permit that to be aKing, hc(liou!d bee aTraitourvnto
hisCoun:rie,c3ft downc himfelfr; whofe At3,\.\\ Aiotecumx reuengcd v\ith the mine
ofchac whole Nation, conq'iermg further v no the North nnd South Seas, by the
counfcll and courage of TUcaellec. This Kinginftituted new Ceremonies , and cncrca-
fcd the number of the PricHes.- hecbuiltthe great Temple of fit^/ipttt:i.lt andfacrificed
great number of mtnac the dedication. Hauing Raigned eight and iwentic ycarcs,
heedicd. . .

TlacaelUc was chofeii his fucceffbur by the foiire Dcputies,and the two Lords ofTef- '^"^"''^'
cuco and Tacuba (thcfe were the Eledors) but refofed the Empire,as being fitter for the
common good, as an inftrurnent to another, then if himfelfe welded the Scepter. At his
nomination they chofe Ticocic, fonne of the hre King, and piercing his nofthrils, for an
ornament put a;i Emerald therein. He,in feclungcapciucs for the folcmnitie of his Co-
ronation, loft more of his owne peoplc,and after toure y earcs v^as poy foncd by his male,
content Subieds.

Axajaca his brother fucceeded , altogether of another fpirir. In his time died /^•vcj'iJM^.
TJaclaelUe , chiefe Authour of the Mexican greacnelL", whom before in his age they
vfcdtocarrieinhisChairc, onmensHiouiders , :ocounceIl. Heewas buried more fo-
hmnclythenanyof the Kings, and his fonae was made Gcnerall for the warres. Axa*
T^r^i conquered Tcquantepcc, two hundred leagues from Mexico, thence to furnifli the
bloudie Solemnities of his Coronation. H-rcaoikd tohis Conqucfls Guatulcoonthe
South Sea: in fingle combate ouercsmc die Lordof Tiateluico, and iubducd thofe
Mexican-Enemies of the Mexicans, fetting fire on their Citie and Temple. After e!c-
uenyearcshccdied , and v^w^^/a/ the eight Kin^w^schofen, Hee punidied t be pride •^s'f/'S-
of Quazulatlan , arichProuince, withrhoie Captiucs, to clelebratc his Coronati-
on-Feaft, and extended bis Dominion to Guatimala, three hundred leagues from Me-
xico. Hee much adorned his Royall Citif , pul'iog downe the olde houfcs , and in their
roome crc(3cd fairer. Hee let in acourle o^ v;ater to the Citic , becaufe that of the
Lake was muddie. But bccaufe they of Goyoacan vfei thclewaters, thechiefcmancf
th3tCitie,which was a great Magician, fought to l.indcr it, whereby the King being
prouokcdfcnttoattach him, HceefcapedbyhisT'rffrf*?^ Arts; nowappearing likcan
Eagle, the fecond time like aTygre, the third like a Scrpcnr. But at laftheewas taken
andflrangled, and the Mexicans forced a Cbanncll, whereby the water mightpafleto
their Civie, the Priefls mcanc-whil? carting Incenfe on the bankes, facrificing the bloud
ofQuailes; others winding their Cornets : and oac of the chiefe went attired in a habitc
like to the GoddeffeoftheJVuters , which was faluted and wclcommcri by all ih? people.
AH which thing-, arc painted in the Annalcs of Mexico : which Booke is now in the
Vatican » Lihrarie at Rome. Thus he enuironed ihc Citic with v\ ater , like another Ve- K*/«!^hatha
nice; and hauing raigncdckuenyeares, died. copie'ofit

tJJf^'rf^ww^thelccondwaschofcn, who before hisSourraigntie wasof graueand tranflatcd into

P
t

whence he was Icddc to the Harth of their Gods , where hee facrificed , with drawing intercepted by
bloud from his earcs and the calues of his legges. They attired him with the Royall Florinta.
ornaments, and piercing his nofthrils, hung thereat a rich Emerald. Benif feared in his Motccuma 9.
Throne, the KingofTeicucOjoneofthcEledors, made an Eloquent Oration, which
/<)/<•/)/; b^foi?,^ hath fet downe word word, and defcrueth a roome here, if our haftie "^ ^'^•7-^-*°-
pilgrimage would fuffer.

^ lW\%Motefuma commaiinded. That no PJcbian fiiould feruc him in any Office in
hisHoufe, prouidingKnights and Nobles for that purpofe. His Coronation was fo-
lemnized with Dances,Comcdies,Banquets,Lights, and oshcrpompe : the facrificed
Captiues were of a farreProuince toward the North Sea,which hefubdued. iJUecoH.t-
chanT/afia//a, and Tapeaca neuer yeelded to the Mexicans ; which Motecuma told Cor.
»«,thatbefparedforthevrcofhisfacrificcsandtheexercife of his Souldior?. Heela-
bourcdtobcerefpci^cdand worfiiipped aiaGod. It was death for any Pkbian to

Yyy » lockc




C



7P4 Of the Ancient inhahitauts of Ne"^ S/^aine\ qjrct Ch ap.Io ;

lookc him in the face: Hee ncuer fee his foot on the ground, but was alwaics carried on
thcfhoulderscfNoblemcD; and if he lighted , they Inycd rich Taptflrie?, whereon hec
did goe. He iieucr put on one Garment twice^nor vfed one Vcffell, or Di(li,abouc once.
He was rigorous in execution of his Lawcs, and for that purpofe would difguife him-
fclfc.tofcehow they were executed, and offer bribes to the Judges, to prouoke them to
jniuflice;.which,iftheyacccpeed,cofl them their liues, though they were hiskinfmen
or brethren. His fal is before declared ;it fliall not be amiflc here to mention Tome pro-
digious fore-runners of the fame. The Idoll of Cholola , called £luer-cacoa/t , declared
That a ftrange people came topoffcffc his Kingdomc. The King of Tefcuco a great
Magician, and many Sorcerers, told him as much.TbeKing fhut vp the Sorcerers in pri-
fon, where they vaniftied prcfently .- wherefore he cxcrcifed that rage on their wiues and
children, which he had intended againft them. He fought to sppcafe bis angrieGods
bySacrifices, and therefore would haue remoucdagreatftone, which by no humane
induflrie wouldbemoued, asrefufinghisattonemenr. Strange voices were heard, ac-
Ominoui P^°' companicd with Earth-quakes and fwellings of the waters, A prodigious Bird, of the
" ' bigncfleofaCrane,was taken: which en hishead had (asit wcrc)aGla(rercprerenting

armed men,3nd in the Kings prefence vanifhed. A rtranger thing befel a poore man,who
was taken vp by an Eagle, and carried into a certaine Cauc where hee let him downe,
pronouncing thefe words; Afosi mightie Lord, I hauc brought him -tvhom thou haji com-
ptanded. There he fa w one like the King,lj)ing aflccpej touching whom hauingrecei-
uedthreatningProphcfics, he was againe by that former Purfuiuant placed where hee
had beenc taken V[>. Thefe things !$ Dcuijlifh illufion; , abufing Gods Prouidcnce and
lufticc, and imitating his Power , to robbe him of hisglorie , dcfcructobec men-
tioned.

yf/»r*'^««»4hauing intelligence of Cortes his artiuall, was much troubled, and con-
ferring with hisCounfcll, they allfaid, that without doubt their great and ancienc
'Loid ^jiez^t^calcoah, who had faid, that hee would returne from the Eaft whither hec
was gone, had now fulfilled his promife and was come. Therefore did he fend Embafla-
dours with prefentsvnto Cor/^f/, acknowledging him for ^^ueztxjalcoalt , (fometime
theirPiince, nowefleemedaGod)and himfelfchis Lieutenant,

The Mexican Hiflorie dcfcribed in Pj6turcs and fent to Charles the fift, (acopie
whereof I hauc feene with Mafler Hakjait) in the firfl part (hcweth their firft expedi-
tion and plantation in this placf ;then ail drowned with watcr,with great bogs and fome
Mexican Tri- drie bufhie places : their Kalendar ; and the nam; s, year? s, and conqucfls of their Kings,
butcsfrom Inthefecond part their tributes are defcribed; the particulars whereof are, reparations'
from thcr of certaine Churches; fo many baskets ofMais ground (holding halfeabufhe]i)3nd Al-
places- monds of Cacao, baskets of Chianpinoli , mantles, paideeuery fourth day rand once a

yeare Armours and Targets of Featbcrs;all this was paid :o the CitieTlatiln'co. And in
like proportion euery To wne and Nation fubieft, was to paytheNaturallor Artificiall
commodities thereof: as Armours garnifiied with feathers, rich mantles, white or of
other colours, Eagles aliue, beames oftimber,bord!, fair made in long moulds for the
LL.of Mcxicoonlypots,otHonic, NaguasandHuipiles (which were attire forwo-
men)Copale for perfume, Cotton,Wooli,Rcd-Sea.flbcls Xicharas in which they drinkc
CacaOjOthersful of Gold in po wdcr,each containing two hand fuls,plates ofGold,three
quarters of a yard long, andfourc fingers broad, as thicke as parchment ; Yellow
VarniiJito paint themfelues , Bels and Hatchets of Copper, TurkeflcftonesjChalke,
Lime Deere-skins, Cochmile, Feathers, Frizoks,Target$ of Golde,Diadems,Borderj,
Beadesof Gold,Beadesof gcmmcs, Tigres-skin;, Anibcr, Axi or Wefl-Indian Pep-
per, &c.
hl^.TomfoHaf Concerning the State of Mexico vnder the Spaniardes , "^l^ert ^ Tomfon
U^' who was there about the ycare a thoufand fiuc hundred fittiefiucfayth, that then it

was thought there were a thoufand and fiue hundred houfliolds of Spaniards , and a-
iS-Hau\es ap. boue three hundred thoufand Indians. The'Citie is enuironed with a Lake, and
^"k- the Lake alfg with Mountaines about thirtic leagues in compaflcjthe raincs falling

lf,b.mtop. from thefe Hilscaufc the Lake.

In



- »



Chap.jj, AMERICA. Thee't^ht'Booke, .79^



In this Citie rcfidcth the Viceroy, and here the higheft Indian Courts are kept.
There are weekly three Faires or Markets, abounding with plentie of commodities ac
a chcape price. Manie Riuers fall into the Lake, but none goc our. The Indians know
how to drowne the Citie, and would hauc prad^ifed it, had not the Confpirators bccnc
taken and hanged.Thc Indians here ere good Artificcrs,Gold-fmichcs,Coppcr-fmithes,
Black- fmitheSjCarpenters, Shooc-inakers, Taylors, Sadlcrs, EmbroderetSjand of all o»
ther Sciences, and worke exceeding cbeape,liuing of a httle. They will goe twoor three
leaguesto a Faire, carrying not aboue a pennie- worthjof commoditics,and yet maintaiuc
thcmfelucs thereby.

Miles a Philips fayth, that when Sir Francis Drake was on the South Sca,the Vice- a MksPblBph
roycaufedagencrallmuflertobemadeof all the Spaniardsin Mexico, andfounda.
boue feuen thoufind hou(holds,and three thoufand fingle men,3nd of MeHizoes twen- '
liethoufand,

Miikv ChiltoH^ tdWfieih, that cuery Indian paycth tribute to theKingtwclucRe- biohnchilm.
als of Plate, and a Hauneg of Maiz, (fiue Haunegs make a quarter EnglilL) and eucry
Widow half e fo much. And all their children, aboue fiftecnc yearcsolde, pay after the
fame rate. He hath great gainc by his fifths , andby the Popes Buls; this leaden ware
waswotthto the Kingatfirf^ aboue three Millions of Goideyearely. The grcatneffs
ofcxadions caiifcd two rebellions whiles hee was there, and the King will notfufFer
them to haue Oylc or Wine there growing, although the earth would prodigally repay
them,thattheym3y(^illh3uenecdeofSpaine.7'/rfAT^//»-?, for their merits in theconquefl
ofMexico, as before is fbcwcd , isfrec: only they pay a handfull ofwhcatea man in
figncof (ubicdlion: but fome later encrochers hsue fijrced them to til! at their owne
charge as muchgroundas their tribute would amount to. There are init two hundred
thoufand Indians.

Some of the wilde people in New-Spaine arc d»adly enemies to the Spaniards , and
catc as many as they get of them. John Chilton fe'.l into their hands, but being ficke and
Icane, they thought (as a Captiue wench tolde him) tha t hcc had the Pox, and was but
vnholfome foode , and [o let him depart. It is an ill "ivinde that blowes none to "ood :
fikneffe the harbenger of death, was to him prcfcruer ef life.

Mexico is now an' Vniuerfitie, and therein are taught thofe Sciences which are cBaieye.
read in our Vniucrfities of Europe, This Vuiuerfitie wss^ there founed by ^ntonie ^ ^"Ip-^t^-l-^'
Mendeza , and King Philip erected a Colicdge of Icfuitcs , j^mo 1577. Mexico is an

Archbi&oprick. There « be many Spanifh Colonies or Plantations, Compofiella, Coli-
ma, Guadaleiara.Mechocan, Citie of Angcle,3nd others : whereof diucrs arc Epifcopall
Sees .-^rowwHfrrf^-^reckoneth in this and other parts of America, fiue Archbiftio-
prikes.twentiefcuenBifhopiikes, two Vniucrfities , fourc hundred Monafleries and
Hofpitals innumerable.

In Gualiecan, not farre from Panuco, is a Hill, fi-om whence fpring two Fountaines
one of blacke pitch, the other of red, very hot. To fpeakclargely of j,jcw Galicia Me-
chuac3n,GuaIkcan,andotherRegions^ would not bee much to the Readers delight
and Icffe to my purpole.



•.OrUltheat.



Chap. XI.
Of the idols and Idolatrous Sacrifices of New Sfaine.

> yy/^ HE Indians (as v^co/?^ <" obferueth) had nonamepropper rnto God .vj „
TS^ li^butvfethc SpanifliwordDwfittingittothc accent of the Cufcanor LoraThift of
' Mexican tongues. Yet did they acknowledge a fuprcmc power, cal- the Indies, '°
■ Ied^r*»7//i«r*/«, terming him the moftpuilTant, and Lord of all things, /ii'-j.^i'-s-
' to whom they ercf^cd at Mexico the moil fumptuous Temple in the In-
dies. After the Supreme God they worfhippcd the Sunne, and therefore "g Hemanda
called Ccr/« (as hee writ to the Emperour) Sonne of the Sunne. Th2i rit^iliput^zli cones.
swasanlmagcof Wood,!ikctoaman,fetvponanAzure-colourcd ftooie inabran- '^"ft-^-c-?.

Yyy 3 K-ard



J



75><^ Of the Idols and Idolatrous Sacrifices of New Spaine, Ch apJi.



k Comar.part.i
cals him the
Godot Proui.
dcncc.



kardorlitrer; ateucrie corner was a peice of wood like a Serpents head. The floolc
fignified that he was fet in Heauen.He had the forehead Azarc, and a band of Azure vn-
der the nole, from one care to the other. Vpon his head he had a rich plume of feathers
coueredonthetop with gold : he had in his left hand a white target, with the figures of
fiuc Pine Applcs,niadc of white feathers,fet in a erode; & from aboue iflued forth a creft
of gold : At his fides hee had fourc Darts, which the Mexicans fay, had becnc fent from
Heauen. In his right hand he hadan Azured flaffe, cutin fsfhionofa wauingSnake.Al
thefe ornaments had their myfiicall fenfe. The name oi fitzi/iputzli fignifies the left
hand of a fliining leather. Hee was fet vpon an high Altar in a fmall boxc, well coucrcd
with linnen clothes, icwels, feathers, and ornaments ofgold : and for the greater vene-
ration he had alwayes a curtainc before him. loyning to the Chappcl of this Idol, there
was a pillar of leffe work and not fo wcl beautified, where there was another Idol called
Tlaloc. Thefe two were alwayes togethcr,for that they h-ld them as comp3nioris,and of
equal! power. There was an other Idol in Mexico much cftcemed, which was the k God
ot Repentance, and of Jubilees and Pardonsfor their finnes.Hc was called Te^jcdlimea^
made of a blacke fliininq flonc, attyred after their manner, with fome Ethnike deuifes :
ithadeare-rings ofgoldandfi'.uer, and through the nether lip a fmall Canon of Chty-
flall.halfcafootelong, in which they fometimes put an Axure feather, fometimes a
greenc, fo re fembling a Turqucis or Emerald: it had the haire bound vp withahairc-
laceof Gold, at thecnd whcrcofdidhangan eare of Gold, with twoFire-brandesof
fmcke painted therein fignit'ying that be heard the prayers of the affli£ted,andof finners.
Betwixt the two earcs hurg a number of fma!l Herons. Hee had a ieweil hanoino at his
necke, io great that it coucred all his flomacke : vpon his armes, bracelets of gold; at his
naui! a rich green ftonc,and in his left hand a fan ofpretious feathers ofgreen,Azure,and
yellow, which came forth of a looking glafle of Gold, fignifying ihat hee favv all thinges
done in the World. In his right hand he held fourc Dartcs as the Enfignes of his luflice,
for which caufe they feared him mofl. At his fefliusU they had pardon of their finnes.
They accornptedhi:TT the God of Famine, drought, barrenneflc, andpertilence. They
|)ainted bimin another forme, fitting in great Maieftieon a ftoolc,corapaffcd in with a
red Curtin, painted aud wrought with the heads and bct;esof dead men.In the left hand
was a Target with fiue Pines, like vntaPine- Apples, of Cotron ; and in the right hand
alittleDart, with a threatning countenance, and thearme ftretchcdout, asifhc would
caftittand from the Target came foure Darts. The countenancecxprf fled anger , the
bodie was all painted blacke, and the head full of Quailcs feathers. ^ttecalcaHatl \Nii
their God of the Ayre.

In Cholula' they worfliipped thcGodof Merchandife, called ^i?r.?,a<7/c-(7<j/if,which
had the forme of a man, but the vifage of a little Bitd with a red bil, and aboue, a combe



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 155 of 181)