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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 156 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 156 of 181)
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full of warts, hauing alio rankes of teeth, and the tongue hanging out. Itcarryedon
the head a'pointed Mitre of painted paper aSiche in the hand and many toyes of Gold
on the legges : it had about it gold, fi!iier,iewels, feathers, and habit s of diuers colours:
and was fet aloft in a fpacicus place in the Temple. All this his furniture was fignificanr.
The name importeth Colour of a rich feather. No maruell if this God had many futers,
feeing Gaine is hoth God Mdgod/mejfe to the mofi ; the whole World admiring and ado-
ring this Mammon or ^etuaakoalt. TUlcc was their God of Water : to whom thCy
facrificedforRaine.

They had alfo their Godde flcs>", the chiefc of which was Toz,i, which is to fay. Our
Grand-mother, of which is fpoken beforej fhee was flayed by the commaund oiyttz,ili'
futz.Iiy and from hence they learned to flay men in Sacrifice,and to cioth the liuing with
theskinnesofthedead. OneoftheGoddcfles , which they worfliipped, bada fonne
who was a great Hunter, whom they of TlafiaHa afterw3rdestookcforaGod;being
thcmfelues addi£ted much to that excrcifc. They therefore made a great feaft vnto this
Idoll as fhall after follow. '

They had an other ftrange kindc of Idoll which was not an Image but a true Man.
' For they tooke a Captiue.and before they facriftced him they gauc him the name of the
Idoll, to whom hee fhould bee facrificed, apnarrelling him alfo with the f»me orna-
ments. And during the time that this reptelentitionlafled ('which was foraycarcia

fomc



1 chobik.



mGomara.
part.i.



C H A P.l I . AMERICA. The eight 'Booke. jq 7



fomefeaflcs , fixe moncthes in fome , in others lefTe) they wotfhipped him in the fame
manner, asthey did their God; he in the mcanc time eating, drinking, and making
mcrrie. When hee went through the Erects, the people came forth to worfliippc him,
bringing their almes, with children and fif ke folkcs.that he might cure and bitfle them,
fuffering him to doe all things at his p!eaiure ; only hee was accompanied with tcnne or
twelue men, k{\ hee fhould flee. And hee ( to the end hee might bee rcuercnccd as bee
pafTed) fomctimes founded on a fmall flute. ThefeaH being come, this fat fooie was
killedjOpcncd, and eaten. The Miifliiians are faid" to hauc vfed the like order, nouri- n/4K7)e;^/k
filing one a whole yeare with the purefl meats, and after with many Ceremonies to lead Prmd-adAr-
him through the Citie, and I'acrifice him. '''"'• h-'^-^-

Lofes ° de Gomara writeth,that the Mexicans had two thoufand Cods P but the f hiefc o Ltf.de Gom.
vtCTcf'itz.tUputzlf and Te<,catlipuca. Thcfe two were accomptcd brethren .- Tiiere was /''"■'•'




. . , , and

fcred as firfi fruits to that Idol), It was conlccratcd by the Pritfts with great fjlcmnitic, other fuch dei-
all the Citizens being prcfcnt, many deuout pcrfons flicking in the dovde Tmaoe, Gold ^^-^ '" Mcxica
and iewcls .• after which.confecration no fecular perfon may touch that Image , nor ^PP^''""'",^,
come in his Chappell. They renew this Image with new dow many times, and O rfro«£- Greekes a'nd"
^uatert]fifh\e{{cd man lie that can get any reiiques of him. The Sculdicrs thouoht them- Romansiai
Iclucs hereby (afe in the warres. At this confccration alfo a Vcflell cf water was hal- after fliallap-
lowcd with many ceremonies, and kept at the foot ofthe Altar for the Kings Coronati- P**'^'^*
OH, and to bleffe the Captaines that went to the warres, with a draught of it.

Next after their Gods It foljoweth to fpeake of their q Goddefle facrificcs.- wfiTcin ^'^"ft^-^-^-'!^
tbey furmoutitcd alhhe Nations of the World in beaflly butchericj. Thcpcrfons they J£»""''
facrificed were ■■ Csptiues : to get which, they made their w aires, rather feeking in their r So(("omefay)
viftories to take then to kill. Their manner of Sacrificing was this. They affcmbled fuch from the like
as (hould bee facrificed in the Pallifadoe of dead mens skuls , of which wee fliall after P"ftil'e of the
fpeake, where they vfed a ccrta<neCeremonieat thcfootof tbePalifadc; thevolaceda A«"entsr«.

ILL T^rii n " , n ■ n , . , i' «/wawasfo

great guard about them. Picfemly there (lept forth a Ptiefl attyrcd with afliortSur- called, Sc/'o/Zi-f

plcffe full of taffcls beneath, who came from the top of the Temple , bearing an Idoll quafi Ivi(io,&

made ofWheatand Mays mingled with hoiiie,wriich had the eyes thcrof made of treen '^I'^'^P- ,

glalTe.and the teeth cf the graines of Mays.Hc defccnded the fteps ofthe Temple with all

ipeed, and afccnded by a little ladder vp a great ftonc , plsnted vpon a high terrafle in

the midftof the Court. This ftonc was called ^«;?«A-;-c^/Zf,thatis,tbe fioneof Eagle.-

ashcewentvpandcamedowne, fiill he embraced bis Idol!. Then wenthccvptothe

place, where thofe were which fliou!dbelacrificed,{}iewing his Idol! to cuery one in

particular, faying vntoihcm,//:!*f ^ji7«rC7»^. This done; he defccnded by the otherfide

ofthe ftaircs,& all fuch as ftiould dic,wcnt in Proceflion to the place where they fliould

bee facrificed, where they found the Minidcrs rcadic for that office. Sixe ofthe Priefles

wcteappointcd to this execution; fourc to hold the handes and feete of him that fhould

be facrificed, the fift to hold his head, thefixt to open his ftomacke, and pull out his

heart. They called them Chachalmua, thatis, the Miniflersof Holy thinoes. Itvvasa

high digoitie wherein they fucceeded tbeir Progenitours.

The fixt, which killed the Sacrifice, was as a higTi Priefl, or Billiop, whofe name was
different according to the difference cf times and folemnitics. Their habits alfo differed
according to the timcs.The name of their chicfc dignitie was Papa and Toptfzin. Their
babicc and robe was a red Curtin with taffels below, a Crownc of rich feathers Greene
White, and Yellow vpon bis head, andaihiseatcs like pendants of Golde , wherein
^^^crc fet greenc fiones and vnder the lip vpon the midfi of the beard, he hada peecc like
vnto a fmal Canon of an Azured ftone.

The facrificer came with his faceandhandsfhiningblacke: the other fiuc had their
hairc much curled , and tyed vp with laces of leather ,, bound about the midft ofthe
head: vpon their forc-hcad they carried fmaURoundrlets ofpaper painted about with
diuers colours, and they were actyrcd in a Dalmatikc Robeof^ white wrought with

blacke.



7<) 8 Of the Idols and Idolatrous Sacrifices of Nf "ft? S^aine, Chap, j , ;



bjD/;.8.44.



blackejiiichisactyrereprcfcDting the Dcaill. The Soucraigne Pricft carried a great
knife in his hand of a large and (harpc flinc, another carried a collcr of wood wroueht
in forme ofa Snake, all put thcmfclues in order before a Pyramidall ftonc which was
direcftly againft thcdooreofche Chappel of their Idol. This flone was fo pointed , that
the man which was to bee facrificcd , being laied thereon vpon his backe, did bend in
Ibch fort, as letting the knife but fall vpon bis ftomacke, it opened very eafily in the
rniddcft. Then did the Guard caufe them to mount vp ccrtaine large Haires in rankc
tothisplace.andaseuery one came in their order, the fix facrificers tooke him, one
by one foot, an other by the other; and one by one hand , an other by the other, all na-
ked, and cart him on bis backe vpon this pointed flone : where the fift of thertj put the
coller of wood about his nccke, and the high Pricfl opened his flomacke with the knife
withaftrangedexceritieandnimblencffe, pulling out his heart with his handes, the
which he lliewcd fmoking vnto the Sunne, to whom he did offer this heat and fume of
of the heart : and prefencly he turned towards the Idol, and did caft the heart at his face,
and then cart away the bodie, tumbling it downc the ftaires of the Temple, there being
nottwofootfpacebetwixt theftoHcaad thefirH flep. In this fort they Sacrificed them
all one after anothcr.TheirMirters, or fuch as had taken them, tooke vp the bodies and
carried them away, and diuidiog them amongft them.did eat them. There w ere eiicr for
ticorfiftieat thclcart , thus facri|icad. The neighbour Natious did the likc,imitatino
the Mexicans in this facred Butcherie.

There was another kinde of Sacrifice, which they made in d iuers Feafles , called 7^-
caxfpe filtt^li which inasmuch asthc flaying o( men , becaule they flayed the (scri-
fice (as is faid) and there with apparelled a man appointed to that end. This man » went
dancing and leaping through all the houfes and market places of the Citie, eucry one
being forced to offer fomcthing vnto him: which, if anyrefufcd he would (Irike himo-
ucr the face with the corner of the rkinnc defiling him with the congealed bloud. This
continued till the skin did Hinke , during which time much almcs was gathered, which
they imploycd in ncceflarics for their deuotionr. In many of thcfe Feafles they made a
challenge betwecne bim that did facrifice, and him that fhould be facnficcd,thus : They
tycdthcflauebyonefoot toawhecle of flon?, giuinghima iV.ord and target in his
hands to defend himfelfe: thcnflcppcd forth the other armed in like manner. And if he,
that fhould be facrificed, defended tiimfclfe valiantly againfl the other, hec was freed,
and was reputed a fsraous Captaine: but if he were vanquiftied, he was facrificed on that
flone whereto he was tyed.

Theyeuery yearegaueoneflaueto thePriefls, to reprelent their IdoU. At hisfirft
cntrie into the office after hec bad becnc well wafhed they adorned him with the Idols
ornaments and name, as before is faid .- and if hee cfcaped before his timeof Sacri-
fice was expired, the chiefe of his guard was fubflituted to that rcprefentation and Sacri-
fice. Hec had the mofl honourable lodging in all the Temple, where hee did caceand
crinke, and wbitber all the chiefe Minifters came to fcrue and honour h'lm : he w as ac-
companied with Noblemen through the flrectes. At night they putbimintoa flrong
Prifon, and at the appointed feaft facrificed him.

The Deuill [a ^ Murtherer fremthe heginnmg) fuggefled to the Prieftes, when there
feemed defc6l of thefe Sacrifices , to goe to their Kings , telling them that their Gods
dyed for hunger, and therefore flioirtd be remembied. Then aflemblcd they their peo-
ple to warres to furnifh theirbloudie Altars.

There happened a ftrange accident in one of thefe Sacrifices , reported by men
of worthie credit. That the Spaniards beholding thefe Sacrifices, a young man whoic
heart was newly plucked out, and himfelfe tumbled downe the flaires , when hec came
to the bottome, he faid to the Spaniards in his Language; Knights they haue jlalne me*.
The Indians thcmfclues grew wearie of thefe cruell Rites, andThcrefore they cafily cm-
braced the Spaniards Chriflianitie : Yea, Cortes writ to the Emperor Charles,l\\^l thofe
o^tJ^echoMan fent to him for his Law, being wcarie of their owne , as not feeming
good vnto them.

Some of the Spaniards * were thus facrificed at Tefcuco, and their Horfc-skinnes

tanned



a Gomara faith,
that the anci ■
ent perfons, &
fometimes the
King himfelfe,
would put on
this sltinne,be-
ing of a princi-
pal] Capciuc



I



* Loji.de Com,
fart. I.



K



Chap.i^^ AMERICA. Theeigth'Booke, 8o]



tanned in the hairc, and hung vp with horfe-fliooes in the great Temple , and next to
to them the Spaniards garments for a perpctuall memoric. At the ficge of Mexico,thcy
facrificed at ont time, in fight of their Countrie-men, fortie Spaniards,

The I Mexicans, befides their cruelties, hod other vn-bcfccming Rites in their Reli- ] jcofi.U.c.zr.
gioii : 3S to eat and drinks to the name of their Idols, to piflc in the honour of them,
carrying them vpon their flioulders, to annoint and bcfmcare thcmfelues filthily, and o-
ther things, both ridiculous and lamentabfe.

They" were iodeuout in their Superflitions,andfuperflitious in their deuotionSjthat tnCom.pa.isi,
before fhey would catc or drinke, they would takealittle quantitie and offer it to the
Sunne, and tothe Earth. Aid if they gather Come, Fruit, or Rofcs, they would take
a leafe before they would fmeli it, and offer the fame : hec which did not thus^ was ac-
compted neither loiring nor loucd ofGod.

The Mexicans in the fiege of their Citie, being brought to all extremities, (pake thus,
as Lopes Teportcih, vino Orffj-jConfidering that thou art the child of thcSunnc, why
doeH thou iiitrcit the Sunnc thy Fatiicr tomake an end of vs .-OSunnc that canfl goe
round about the World, in a day and a night , make an end of vs , and take vs out of
thismiferablelife,for we defiredeathjtogoeandreflwithour God ^uetcanath , who
tarricth forvs.




G H A 1'. X 1 1.

of the Religiotts places and per fans in Nevp Sf&ine : wherein is alfo handled

thei Pemncc^J^srrigcs^Burials^And other Rites per-

formed by their Priejls.

^'^^^^ EE bauea'readie mentioned the Temple Q^Vit^ihput-iuH in Mexico. „ j,„nt , ,,.-
^M,-\\ /-vz-a vvnichrequirethouriurthcraelcription. it" was built ot great ftones
in fafhion of Snakes tied one to another : and bad a great circuit,
called CoatfpaKt/j^ihaiUyO. circuit of Snakes. Vpon the toppeofeue-
rie Chapeil or Oratone, where the Idols were, was a fine pillar wrought
with fmallfionesblacke as Icr, the ground raifedvp with white and red, which below
gauc a great light : Vpon the top of the pillar were Battlements wrought like Snaiies,
iupported by two Indians of rtone, fitting , holding Candleflickesin their handcs,
•were like Croyfants.garnifhed and enriched at the ends, with yellow and grecnc fea-
thers, and long fringes of the fjme. Within the circuit of this Court there were many
chambcrsof Religious men, and others that were appointed for the Pricfts andPopcs.
This Court is fo great and fpacious, that eight or tcnne thoufand pcrfons did daunce ca-
fily in a round, holding hands , which was an vfuall cuftome there , howfoeucr it fec-
mcth incredible. Ccr/ifj- orclateth, chat within the compafle of the \a all, a Citie of fiuc
hundred houfes might hauebccnebuilded : round about encompalfcd with goodly ^^^ ' *
buildings, Kals, and Cloiflcrs for the Religious Votaries to dwell in. In that circuit hee
numbreth fortie high towers well built.to which the afcent was by fiftie fleps or ftairef .-
thelc3f^ofthemashighasthe fleeplc of the Cathcdrall Church in S'uill. Thcflone-
worke as curious as in any place,ful!ofgraucn and painted imagerie. All thefe Towers
were fepulchres of great Lords, and had each of them a Chappcll to fonie fpcciall Idol.
There were here three large Hals with their Chappels annexed into which none but
certaine Religious men might enter, both full of Images : the chicfe of which Cortes C3[{
do wn, & indeed thcrof placed the Image of the Euer-bleffed,neuer worthy to be digni-
fied with indignitie, the glorious Virgin & Mother of our Lord,fuch with other Saints.

There were foure gates or entries, at the EafI, Wefl, North, and South, at euery P of Q^^^f^ p^itj,
whichbcganafiirecaufeyoftwoor three leagues long. There wereinthcmidflof the that the fourth
Lake wherein Mexico is built, foure large caufics. Vpon cucry entrie was a God or I- was not a cau-
doll.hauing the vifage turned to the caufie right againfl the Temple gate of Vttxjli- ley,bucaftrect
p«r^«.There were thirty ftepsof thirty fadom long,diuided from the circuit of the court °^ ^"^^*
^ by



i



8oo Of the ^ll^ious places andperfons ofNe-^ Spaine^ zsrc, Ch ap,I2.

by a ftrcet tint wentbetwcenc them , Vpon the top of thcfc flepsj there wasa waikc
ot ihirtie foot broad, all plaftcred with chalke in the midft of which walke was a Pallifa-
do artificially madcof very high Trees,p!anted in order a fadome a-funder. Thefe Trees
were very bigge and all pierced with fmali holes from the foot to the top,and there were
rods did runne from one Tree to another, to which were tied many dead mens heads.
Vpon cucry rod were many skuis, and thefe rankcs of skuls continue from the foote to
thetopoftheTrcc.ThisPallifado was full of dead mens skuls from one end totbeo.
ihcr, which were the heads of fuch as had becne facrificcd. For after the flefh was ea-
ten, the head was dcliuered to ihs Pi iefts who tied them in this fort , vntiJl they fell oflF
by morfels. Vpon the top of t'ne Temple were two ftones or Chappcls , ar,d in them the
two Images of Jitzil/pHtz/nnd Tlaloc. Tiicfe Chappcls were carued and grauen verie
artificially, and fo high, tba:toafcend vp to it there were an hundred and twentic
ftairescfHonc, Before thcfc Chappels there was a Court of fortie fo«te fquare, in the
midU whereof was a high Hone of fiue hand breadth, pointed in fafliionof aPyramidc,
placed there for the facrificing ofmen as is before fhcwed.
t^Gom.prt.i. Gomar(i»-^w\\y that this and other their Temples were called 7V«c4//», which fig-

n\^f~.\\ Gods Houfe, This Temple, hec faith , was fqusre , containing euery way as
hTcMart. jnuch'" asa Croffc-bow can ftiootc kuell ; in the middePi flood a mount of earth and
di^-t int*r°c- fto'^^fi'"^ fadome long every way, built PyratT.ide-(»(hion , faue that the top was flat ;
neVcthcrrcui- andtenne fadome fquire. Ic had two fuch Pyramide nones or Altars for facrificc,
tion of this painted with monflrous figures. Eatery Chappell had three lofts , one aboue another
Te.T.ple is fufiaincd vpon pillars : Frcm thence trie eye with much plcafure might behold all about
matchable the Lake. Befides thisTower, there were fortie other Towers belonging to other infe-
oVfiuc'hundred riou: Temples ; which were of the fam? fa fhion : only their profpedl was not Weft-
houles. ward, to make difference. Someof thofe Temples were bigger then others, and euery

oncofafcuerallGod.

There was one round Temple dedicated to the God of the Aire,cal!ed £hiecalcoMatl^
the forme of the Temple reprcfenting the h\\.tscircHUr courfe about the earth. The en-
trance of that Temple had a doore^msdc like the mouth of a Serpent, with bule and de-
uellifhrefemhlanccs, flrikingdrcadfuilhorrourto fuch as entered. All thefe Temples
had peculiar Houfes, Pricfts, Gods, and Seruices. At euery dooreofthe great Temple
was a laroeHall and goodly buildings, which were common Armories for the Citie,
They had other darkehoufcs full of Idols of diufrs mcttals, allcmbrewcd witbbloud,
the daily fprinkling wherecfmakes them fhew bhcke : yca,tbe wals were an inch thick,
and thc'ground a foot thick with bloud, which yeelded a lothfomc fenr. The Priefls en-
tered daily therein, v;hich they allowed not to others except to Noble perfonagc $, who
at their entric were bound to offer fomc man to bee facrificed to thofe flaughtcr-houfes
oftheDeuill. There did continually refidei" the great Temple fiue thouland perfons,
which had there their meate,drinke, and lodging; the Temple enjoying great reuenues
and divers Townes for the maintenance thereof.
A ni^ Next "^ to the Temple oiVitz.iliput3i.lt was that oiTefcalipuca,\.htt God of Penance,pu-

.j-Mj. i^jf^^g^jj^g^ Prouidcncc)very high and wel builr.I t had foure alcentsjthe top was flat,
an hundred & twenty foot broad; and ioyning to it was a Hill hanged with Tapeflrir,
and Curtins of diuers colours and workes. The doc re being low aud large was alwaies
coueredwithaVaile, and none but the Piitftcs might enter. All this Temple was
beautified with diuers Images and Piif^uresmolkurioufly: tor that thefe two Tem-
ples were as the Cathedrall Church, the reflas parifhionall. They were fo fpacious,
and had fo many Chambers, that there were in them places for the Prieflcs, Collcdges,
and Schoolcs.
, _ Without <! the great Temple, and oucr againfl theprlncipall doore, a ftonescaft

op. om.p.t. jjfl3Qj^,3jjj,p(;>f,3^„j]] j,Qujp^ or that ^'"'^^^^'^(before mentioned;) where vpon poles
or flicks, and alfo in the wals(two Towers hauing no other fluffe bu: limeandskuls)
e Ac»^-Ls.c.i$ ey^ddrewde T^/xW certified « Gow-jni, that he and Go-/}foUde Ihtbria did reckon inone
day, an hundred chirtic fix thoufand skuls. When any wafled, fupply was made of others
in their roome.

Within this great Circuit of the principll Temple were twoHoufes, like Cloy flers,

the



\



CHAP./2. AMERICA. Theet^ht^ooke, Sot

the one oppofite to die other, one of men, the other of women. In that of women they
were Virgins only, oft weliic or thirteenc yeares of age , which they called the CMaids
of Penance : they were as many as the men, and lioed chaftcly, andregularly, as Vir-
gins dedicated to the fcruicc of their God. Their charge was to fwcepe and make
clcanc the Temple , and eucrie morning to prepare mcate for the Idoll and his Mml-
flcrs, of the Almcs the Religious gathcrcd.The foodethey prepared for the Idoli were
fmallLoaucs, in theformeof handcs and feete , as of March-pane : and with this
bread they prepared certainc fauces, which they caft daily before the Idoll, and his
Prieflsdideatit.

Thefe Virgins had their haire cut, and then let them grow for a certainc time .-they
rofc at mid-night to the Idols Martins, which they daily celebrated , performing the
fame exercifes which the Religious did. Tliey had their Abbafles , who employed them
to make cloth of diuers fafliions, for the ornaments of their G?ds and Temples. Their
ordinaric habite was all white , without any worke or colour. They did their penance at
mid-night, facrificing and wounding thcmfelues, and piercing the tops of their earcs,
laying t he bloud which iffued forth vpon theircheekes^ and after bathed themfclues in
8 pooie which was within the Monaflerie.If any were found diflioneft,they were put to
death without remiftion, faying, (lie had polluted the houfe oftheir God.

They held it for an ominus token , that fome Religious man or womin had coiii-
micted afauIt,whentheyfawaRatoraMoufe palTc, oraBattein the Idol-ChappeJI,
ortbattheyhadgnawncdanyoftheviiles, for that they fay, a Cat , or a Bat would
not aduenturc to commit fuchan indignitie, if fomc offence had not gone before:
and then began to make inqui(ition,and difcouering the offender puthim to death.None
were receiued into this Monaflerie.but the daughters of one of the fixe quarters,named
for that purpofe; and this profeflion continued a yearc, during which time, theirfa-
thers and therofelues had made a vow to feruc the Idoll in this maaner, and from thence
they went to be married.

The other Cloycr or Monaflerie was cf young-men of eightcene or twentie yeares
of age, which they called Religious. Their Crbwnes were fliauen, as the Friers in
thefe partes, theirhaire a little longer, which fell to the middefi of their eare, except
on the hinder parr of the head , where they let it grow to their flioulders, and tyedit
vp in truflls. Thefe ferued in theTcmple, liued poorely and chafily,and (as the Leuites)
miniflred to the PricHs, Incenfe, Lights and Garments, fwept and madccleanc the Ho-
ly place, bringing wood for a continuall fire, ro the harth oftheir God, which was like a
Lamp that ftil burned before the Altar oftheir Idoll.Befides thefe,thcrc were other little
Boyes that ferued for manuall vfes, as to decke the Temple with Boughes , Rofes, and
Recdes, giuc the Priefts water to wafli , Rafours to facrifice , and to goe with fuch as
begged almes, to carrie it. All thefe had their fuperiours, who had thegouernmento-
uer them, a id when they came m publike , where women were , they carried their eyes
to the ground, not daring to behold them. They had linnen garments.and went into the
Citic foure or fixe together , to aske almes in all quarters , and if they got none , it cortesnarriit.ad
was lawfull for them to goe into the Corne-fields , and gather that which they needed^ Jm^.a- Relit.
none daring to contraditt them. del remiftkan

Corr« writeth that almoft all the chiefe mens fonnes in the Citie, after they were fixe 'P^^'^.u.j.
or fcuen yeares old, till the time oftheir marriage, efpecially the eldeft, were thrufl into ^a^ej'"no"lcffe
a kinde of Religious habit and fetuice. ftr?a*intha*t

There might not abouc fiftie liue in that ftrift penance,they rofe at midinght,& foun- threefold cord
ded the TrumpecSjto awake the people. Euery one watched by turne, leaftthe fire be- which the Po-
fore the Altar ihould die.-they gaue the cenfor, with which the Pricft at midnight incen- PJ'^ Votaries
fed the Idol,and alfo in the morning.at noone.and at night.They l* were very (ubieft and ^g°[|g °Con"ti-
obcdient to their fnpcriors.and pafled not any one poinecommanded. And at midnight tinenc'ie, obc-
aftcr the Prieft had ended his cenfing.they retyred tbemfelues a.part into a fecret phce, diencc,with o^
where they facrificed and drew bloud from the Calues oftheir legges with fliarpe bod- ther wil-wor-
kini therewith rubbing theirTemples and vnder their Eares, prefently waffling them- ^'P^■''"' ^""^
felues in a Poole appointed to that end. Thefe young men did not annoynt their heades auftere.^'""'^*



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 156 of 181)