Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 159 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 159 of 181)
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wayes with ftone from their houfes. They were great Idolaters, and were circumcifed,
but not all. They lined vnder la wc$, and trafficked together with great fidclitie,by ex-
changing commodities without mony.The Spaniards faw Croffes amongft them, and
demanding whence they had them,they faid that a certaine man of excellent beautic


Ckap.14. AMERICA. The ei^ht Sooh. 8 1 3

pafling by that coaft, left them tliar notable token to remember him ; others faid, a
certainc man brighter then the Sunne died in the working thereof. The Spaniards
fay!cd thence to <= Campechium, aTovvneofthree thoufandhoufes. Heerethey faw c Tlii? Towrie
a fquarcStagcorPulpitfourc cubits high, partly of dammie Bitumen, and partiv of wasiakenby
Tmall ftones, whereto the Image of a man cut im Marble, was inyned, two foiire-foo- p/'.^''' "''''"'"
ted vnknowne beads fa(tning vpon him, as it they would teare him in pecces. And by Jnno^itgS:
thelmage flood a Serpent all befmeared with blond, deiiouring a Lion, it was feucii
andfortiefootlong,andasbigge asanOxe, Thcfe things I mention as teftimonics
of their Art in thefe bai barous places, and perhaps of rheir deuotion aifo, (^rtyalua. or
Grifulutt feeing a Tower farre off at Sea, by direction thereof, came to an Ihnd called
• Cofumcl, agreeing in priuatc and publikc manner of life with them of lucatan: Their
houfes,Temples,apparcll, and trade of Mcrchandife all one: their hoiiieslon'cwherc
couercd with Reeds, and where quarries were, with flate : many houfeshad marble

They found ancient Towers there, and the mines offuch as had bccne broken
downeand deftroyed: there was one whereto they afcended by eightceneltcppcs or
flaires. The Gouernour whom they fuppofed to be aPriell, conducted them :o the
Tower:inthctop whereofthcy erefted a Spanifh Banner, and called alio the Hand
Sama(^mce. In the Tower they found chambers, wherein were marble Images, and
fome of Earth in the fimilitude of Bearcs. Thcfe they inuoked with loude finging all
in one tunc, and facrificed vnto them with fumes and fweet odours, worfhipping them
as their houfl-iold gods. There they performed their diuinc ceremonies and adorati-
on : they were aifo circumcifed.

Gomara^ faith. That hecrc, and at Xicalanco, the Diuell vfed to appearcvifiblie, ^ Gomar.Gcn^
and that thefe two were great in cftimation for holinefle;eueryCitie had their Tem. '•"A«/''54.
pie, or Altar, where they worfhipped their Idols, amongft which were many Crof-
fes of Wood and Braflc, whereby fome concciucthat fome Spaniards hadrecourfe
hither when if<?^rr/^« was defeated, and Spaineouer-runne by the Saracens. In c both eGomaf.part.u
thefeplaces they facrificed men: which ^orfwperfwaded them toceafc. The Tem- {«ll6.
pleinCofuinil or Acuiamil was built like a fquare Tower, broad atthe foote, with
flcppes round about, and from the middeft vpward very Hrait : the toppe was hollow
and couered wuh ftraw: it had foure windowes and porches. In the hollow place
was their Chappell, where flood their Idolls. In a Temple by.thc Sea fide was an vn-
couth Idoll, great and hollow, faflened in the wall with lime : it wai made of earth.
Bchindc this Idols backc was the Veliric, where the ornaments rf the Temple were
kept. The Prielts had a little fccrct dore hard adioyning to the Image, by which they.
crept into his hollow panch, and thence anfwered the people that came thither with
prayers and petitions, making the hmple people beleeuc it was the voyce of the god,
which therefore they honored more then any other, with many pe.fumcs and fwcete
fmells. TheyofferedBread, Fruit, Qnailesbloud, and of other Birds, Doggcs, and
IbmctimesMen. The fameof this Idoll and Oracle brought many Pilgrimcs to Acu-
famil from many places. Atthefooteof this Temple was a plot like a Church yard,
well walled, and garnifhcd with Pinnacles,in the middeft whereof flood a Croffc of
ten foote long, which they adored tor the god of raine. At all times when they wan-
ted raine, they would goe thither on Procefliondeuoutly, and offered to the Croflc
Quailes facrificed, no facrificc being fo acceptable. They burnt fweete gumme to per-
fume him with, befprinkling the fame with water, and by this meanes they thought tp'
obtainc raine. They could neuer know, hk\\Gomara, how that God of Cm ffe czme.
amongftthem, for in allthofe parts of India there isnomemor:eof any preachingof
theGofpclIthathadbeeneatany time. What others thinkc, and whatlome Indians'
anfwered, concerning it, is faid before.

'Benz,o f writech, That they did not eate theflefh of thefe men which they facnfi- fug » •
ced: and that they were fitftfubdaed by Fra^cu CMontegiM, whofe cruelcics were, caf i/."^" "*°
fuch that ^tcjutnstef a Cacique or Indian Lord abouc an hundred and ten y'cares
old,and a Chriftian,told him. That when he was a y ong tiian, there was a fickenefle of




Of Jucatatij Kicapagua^^zsrc.

Chap. 14.

g Sotero lib. 1,
fart. I,

Guatimala, or
Saint lames,
h &e»\o and
Gomara fay
September 8.



i Gafpartiti



1 ipvfplib.i.

M Chap.i^.

wormcs, that they thought all would hauedicd: (they were not oncly eieded by
vomitc, but did catc out themfelues a paflage thorow mens bodies ) and not long be-
fore the Spaniards arriuall, they had two battells with the Mexicans, in which an
hundred and fiftic thoufand men pcrifhed. But all this was light, in rcfpedl of that
Spanidi burthen.

Guatimala g commeth next to our confideration, a Prouincc of pleafant Ayr?,
and fertile foyle, where groweth abundance of their Cacao, which is a fruit that
ferueththc Indians formeatc , drinkc, and money. TheCitie (which bcareth the
fame name) wasfirft at thefoote of a Vulcano or Hill which cafteth fire, but be-
caufc intheyearc 1542. ^ on the fixe and twentieth day of 2)/««>^fr, a Lake hid-
den in the bowels of that Hill, brake forth in many places, and with a terrible vio-
lence ruined the mo(t part of the Citie: it was remoucd two miles thence, together
with the Epifcopall Sea, and the Kings Councell. But intheyearc 1581. there ifliied
from another Vulcan two miles otF, orfomewliat more, fuch an irruption of fire, as
threatenedtoconfume euery thing. The day following, followed fuch a ftiowrc of
afhes that it filled the valley, and almoft buried the Citie. And yet were not all the
throwes pafledof thisHilles monftrous trauells, but the yeare after, for the fpaceof
foure and twenty houres,thence iffued a ftreame of firc.that dranke vp fiuefffreames of
water, burned the (tones and rockcs, rent the Ayre with thunders, and madeira wa-
iling and mouingfea of fire. Before ' that fird eruption of waters, fome Indians came
and told the Bifhop, that they had heard an vncredible noifc and murmuring at the
foot of the Hill, buthcreproued them, faying, they fhould not trouble themfelues
with vaine and fuperffitious feares ; about two of the clok in the night following hap-
pened that deluge, which carried many houfes, and whatfoeucr (food in the way, in
which, fiuehundrcdandtwentic Spaniards pcrifhed, and fcarcc any mention of the
boufes remained.

It is worthy recitall which Benz^o k and Gomara haue recorded, that Peter tyiluA-
r<e</otheGoucrnour (who by licenceof the Pope had married two fiffers, the Ladie
Frances, and the Ladic "Beatrice delii Culna) bauing pcrifhed by amifchance, his
wife not onely painted her houfewith Sorrowes blacke liuerie, and abftained from
meateand flccpc, but inamaddcimpietiefaid, Gedcouldnov doe her no greater enill.
Yet for all this her forrow, fheecaufed the Citizens to befworncvnto her Gouerne-
tncnt(ancwthingin the Indies.) Soonc after, this inundation happened, which firft
of allaffailed theGouernourshoufe, and caufcd this impotent and impatient Ladie
now to bethinke her of a deuotion, and betake her to her Chappcll, with cleucn of
her maids, where leaping on theAltar.andclafping about an Image, the force of the
water ruined the Chappcll; Vvhercasif fliee had (fayed in her bed-chamber, (hee had
efcapcd death. They tell of vncouth noyfes.and hideous apparitions which then were
fcene. Ben<,o obferucd by his ownc experience, that this Countric ismuch fubic(5t
to Earth-quakes. The Guatimalans, in manner of life refemble the Mexicans and

Fondura 1 orHonduraisnevtto Guatimala, wherein were ( faith Bw^i? j at the
Spaniards firfl comming thither foure hundred thoufand Indians, but when I was
there, Icarcely eight thoufand were left : the reft being flaine, or fold, or confumed by
the mines : and thofe which are left, both hcere, and in other places, place their habi-
tation as farre as they can, where the Spaniard (Kail be no eye-fore vnto them. The
Spaniards in this Prouincc planted fiuc Spanifli Colonies, which all fcarcely could
number an hundred and twentie houfes.

Nicaragua "> extendcth it felfe from the Chiulatecan mines of Fondura,toward the
South Sea. This Region is not great, but fertile, and therefore called of the Spaniards
CMahitmets 'Paradife, for theplentieof all things; yet in the Summertime it is lo
fcorched with heatc, that mencannottrauellbut in the night. Six moneths,from /T/<«f
to O^aber, are pcftered with continuall (howcrs, which the other fixe wholly want :
The Parrots are hcere as troublefome as Crowes and Rookes with vs,and they are for -
ced to kcepc their cornc in like manner from their fpoiling.Thcpeople are of like con-

C H A p.t 4 AMERICA. The eight ^ookc 8 1 5

diciontotheMcx cans ; they fecde on mans flclTi. To thtir dances they flockc two or

three hundered in a company, vv hich arc petformed with great variety ofgeflurcs, ve-

ftures, andp^rionstEucryman ui,and, eucry man one oHiis humour. Thirty and fiue ^

miles from Lcgcon or L yon, an Epifcopall City in this Region, is a Volcano or Aiming

hill , the fire whereof may be feene (in the nighc) abouc lOo miles. Some had a conceit,

that molten Gold was the matter ot'this fire. A id therefore a ccrtaine Dominican cau-

icd 3 Kctilr and long cbaine oflron to be let downc into this fiery concauity , where by

the violence of the heat, the Kettle and part of the c^ aine was molten . He makes a big-

grr and rtiongcr,bu: recurncs with like fucccfle, and this a Jdcd, that himfelfc and his 2,

comraninnsbycruptionoffirCj hadalinottbccneconfumcd. ^cmara, "calies this fire nGom.gen

B/afij deT'if!e!i.i, sndtheM], Mafaya. It goes downc two hundred and fifcy braces or '^'i^ <"••". wj.

yaals lu thi, Country they vfcd Sodomie and facrificesol men . OhhisnameiV/r^r^-

'gea,(jilgonfales , thatfi;llof thcSpaniards dikouercd the fe parts, found a King with

whom he hadmuch conference, whom he perfwade.i to become a Chriflian . although

his prolnbinon of w.-^rs and dancing, did much trouble him. 'T^\sNict:ragMa » deman. ° P-^'1>cc.6.

ded thf m '•' he Chriftians had any knowledge of the Floud, which c'r^^wncd a] the earth ''^'^' ■*"

with rnen and beai's (as he had heard his Progenitors lay) and whether another were

to come, whether the earth fhould be oner-turned, or the heai.en f Jl : when, and how

the Moone and Snrres Qiould loofe their hght and motion : who moiicd thofe henueiv-

ly bodies, \.v here the foulcs fliould rema-ne.and what they flioi;Id doe, being freed from

the iiody, w' ecbf r the Pope died, whether the Spaniards came from hcauen, and many

other ftrjr<^? queHions admirable in an Indian. They worfhipped the Sunn; and other

Idois whjcii NicarmgJM luffered Gtlgonfalcs to take out of the great Temple.

r.iN'.caiaguaP there werefiue'.inages, and different I; nguages: the Coribici, Cio- fCom.cit.zo6.'
cotcga, Ciondalc, Oret'gua, and the Mexican ; though this place was a thoufand miles
from Mexico, yet were they like them in fpecch, apparel), and religion : they had alfo
the fame figures iirteadoflettcrs, which thofe ofCulhiia had, and bookes a fpan broad,
and twclucYp anncs long,doubled, of many colour! . They differ, as in languages, lb in
religions, O. their religious rites thus wricethC/ow/ir^i : their Priefts were all mHiied,
excepttheirCw/fj/or/, which [card ConfclTions, and appointed Pcnaiices.according to Confeffion. '^
thequality of the fault : they rcucaled not the Confeffion : they appointed the Holy-
daies, which were e ightecne. When th?y facrificcd , they had a knife of flint , where-
with they opened him that was facrificed.The Priells appointed the lactifices, how ma-
ny men, whether they w ere to be women, or fl^ucs taken in battell, that all the people
might know bow to celebrate the Fealls, what prayers and what offerings to make.The
Pricft went three times abcur the Captiue, finging in a doleful! (une , and fudden^y o-
pens his bread, annoints h'S face with the bloud, takes out his heart, diuidcth his body.
Thchcatt isgiuen to the Prelate, the fecte and hands to the King, thcbuttockes tothe
taker, the reH to the people. The heads of the facnficcs arefet oii trcej, planted there
for that purpofe, euery trte hath figured in it the name of the Prouince wherewith they
bauc wars.Vnder thclc trees they many times faciifice men and children of the Country
and of their owne people, being firfl br; ught ; for it was lawful! for the faihtr to ft 11 his
children. Thofc which the 1 Kings bring vp of their owne people, with better fare then 1 ^^t-'^"''-
ordinary for facrifice, are made bcleeue they {hall be fome canonized Wights, orhca- '■6-&7,

uenly Deities, and therefore take it gladly.They did not cat the flclL of thcfc,is they did
of the captiues . When they eat the ir facrificed capiiucs, i.h:y made great fcafts, and the
Priefls and religious men drankc much wine and Imcke : their wine isof Prunes, whiles
tliePrieft annoyntsthecheekes and mouth of theldolwiith the bloud, theoihersfing,
and the people make theirpraicrs with great deuotion and teares, and after goe on pro-
ccflion (which is not done in all Fcafios.) The religious haue white Cotttn coares,and
other ornaments whTth hang downe from the fhouldersto the leggcs, thereby to put a
difference betvvcene them and others. The Lay-men haiie their Banners, v/ith that Idol
which they mofl ellceme, and bagges with dull and bodkins, the Yong-men hauc their
bowes, darts, artowes ; and the guide ofallistheirr.ageofthe Dcuili letvponaLance,
carried by the mofl ancient and honourable PiieO. They go in order, the religious Cng~
ing till they comt to the place oftheir Idolatry, where being arriued, they fprcad couc-

A a a a rings



Of Kombre de 'Dios^'ifalhoa, o-c.


A I'


r vet. Mart.




Cemarapnrt. z.



rings on the ground , orftrcw it withRofesand Flowers, brcaufc thcT Idols flsould
not touch the ground, and the banner being ftucke faft , th: Zinging ceaiech , and the
Prelate beginning, all the reft follow, and draw bloud, fome from their tonoucs, fome
from their cares, f jme ftom their members , and cucry man as Ms deuc tion liketh bef J
and with that bloud annoynt the Image. In the meanc while, the youths skirm'fh and
d»ncc for the honour of thdv Feafls : they cure the wounds, with the pouJder of hearbs
and coles. In feme of ihefe proct (Tions they hallow Mayz, befprinckiing the fame with
the bloud of their priuities, and cat it.

Th?ytTiayhauc many women, but one i? theirlawfull wife, which they marry ihu';
thePricfl takes the Bridegroome and the Bride by the lit k fingers, fets them in a cham-
ber at a fire, and giues them certaine infliu£tions, and when tl c fire is out they are ma-
ried. Ifhe take her for a Virgin, and finds her otherwire,hee may dmorce her . Many
bring their wiues to the C^«^»f/or Lords to corrupt them, cftccming it an honour.
TheifTemples were low daikc roomes, which they vied for i heir Trcamry alfo aod Ar-
mory. Before the Temple was an high Altarfor the Sacrifices, whereon alfo the Pricft
plaied the Preacher firft, and then the Butcher.

Adulterers arc beaten, but not flaine ; the adulterous wife is diuorced , and may not
marry againe, and her parents arc diflionoured. Their husbands fiifFer them to lie with
others in fome FcaHs of the ycere. Hee that forcech a V.rgin , is a (laue, cr payethhet
dowry : if aflaue doe it with his Mafkrs daughter, thty are both buried quickc . They
baue common broihcls. A thiefc hath his hairc cut ofF,and is made his flaue from whom
bchathftoilen, vntill he hath made fatisfa^tion, v.hichif hedefer long, heisfacrificed,
Tbey had no punifhment for him which fiiould killa Cacique, ^o\{x\\ty faid)fuch a thing
could not happi-n. The riches of Nicaragua f confilkth much in a [,re3t Lake thiee hun-
dercd mile? long, and being within twcluemilcsof the South Sea, doth difcmboque ic
fclfc in the North Sea, a great way oft'. In this Lake of Nicaragua aie many and great fi-
flies. « One ftrangc kind is that, which the inhabitants of Hitpanioia call Manati (as for
thefe inhabitants of the place, the Spanifh iniuries haue chafed them thence ) This Fifh
fomewhatrefembleththeOttcr, ttis 25. footclong, tweluetlei'.ke, the head and tails
like 3 Cow, with fmall eyes , his backc hard and hairy , hee hath onely two feet at the
fliculders.and thofc like an Elephants.Thetemales bring fot th yong,and nouriih them
with the vdder, like a Cow. I haue feene and eaten of them (faith Be)iz.o) the tnftj is iikc
fwines flefli ; they eat graffe. There " was a King in Hifpaniola , which put one of them
(being prcfcnted him by his Fillieimcn) into a Lake of (hnding waters, where it liued
fiueand twenty ycercs : whenanyofthefcruants cametothc Lake and called y^<i«i7,
Afatto, dice would come and rcceiue meate at ihcir hands ; and if any would be ferried
oucr the Lake, fhe willingly yeelded her backe, and performed this office faithfully, yea
flie hath carried ten men at once finging or playing. A Sp;.niard had once wronged her,
by cafling a dart at her; and therefore after that, when (he wascalled,fhc would plunge
downe againe, otheiwife to thclndiansfhc remained officious. She would be as full of
playasaMonkie, andwould wraHle wiihthcm : crpeciallydiee was addiiSed to one
yong man, which vfed to feed her.This proceeded, partly from her docible nature, part-
ly, bccaufcbeingtakcnyQUng , flie was kept vp a while at home, i.uhe Kings houfe,
with bread. This fi(h liueth both on land and water. The Riucr fwelling ouer his banks,
into the Lake, this fifh followed the flreame, and was feene no more. There was ano-
ther flrange creature in Nicaragua (they call it Cafcnij) like a blacke Hooge, with fmall
eyes wideeareSjCloueofcct.aftijrttrunckcorfnowtlikeanElcphanrjotfolowdabray-
ino, that he would tniake men deafe. An other there is withanaturill purfevnderhcr
belly, wherein flic putteth her young : it hath the body ot a Fox, handed and footed like
aMonkie. TheBattesin thefeparts arc terrible forbiting. TheLihabitantsneerethc.
RiuerSucrusarcnot differing from the refl, but that they cat normansflcfh . Next, is
that necke or narrow extent of Land ftretching betwecnet'he Nor;hand SoutSScas,
and (as it wetc) knitting the two great PeHinJufsot thcNorth and South America to-

Nom^redeDios fignifictb the name of God, ocacfionedby the wardioWidactis Ni-
qnefa, who after difaflrous aducaturcsclfe where, came hither, and here bad his men


C i-i A p.t 4 AMERICA. TU eight 'Booke. 8 1 7

goeoii ihore in the Name of God ; whereupon the Colonic and Plantation there, was
1 - . called : It hath a bad ficuation, and fmall habitation . BaptiFia %y4ntonio the Kin" of
SpaincsSurueyourcounfelkd to bring NombredeDiosioPnerto Bella. It wasremoued
from the former feat, in theyeereofoar Lord 1584. Six Thomas Biuk^rrmlehatvn 'K2ni
went from thence with liisArmie towards Panama, in the yeere i^pf.Darien was czU
\cd j^nliqHaDanenM, becaufe^««y«j- vowed to our Lady at Siuill called MariaAntt-
(^Mii, iffliee would helpe hitninthofe Indian Conquefls, he would turne the Caciques
houle iato a Temple : there he planted a Colonie.

jC w; uld be tedious to tell of the flurrcs and eiuill vncinill brawles betwixt the Spa-
niards in thefc parts J^y^«« J'alboa impri/oncd AncifHs ,1lwA after re couered his credit by
difcoucry of the South-lea. Forwhiles the Spaniards contended about the weigh: and
fliaring of their Gold which a Cacique had giuenthem, this Cacique btin" prcfenr
hurled downe the Gold , not a little maiueiling (as hee faid) that they would fo much
contend foi that, asifthey couldcatordrinkeit: But ifthcyhkcdit fo well, lie would
carry them where their Golden thirrt fhould be fatisficd. He waj decciucd in the nature
of that dropfic thirft,which as a fire quenched with oyle,recciues thence grcstcrflrcngch:
but he decerned not them in his promifc, bringing them totheSouth-fea : where ^^Z-
boa named one Prouincc, Golden Cafile. And for that which he fpake ofiheir fli ife x as
if they could eat or drinke thofc mettals, the cruellies of the Spaniards were fuch, as the ^^''"'^''/••»f-»3
Indians, when they got any of them, would bind their hands and feet, and laying thcnn
on their backei, would poure Gold into their mouthcs, faying in \n(u\t.3uoa,Eate veld
Chrifttan. Thisfii/^M wa^pu: to death by ^rw/ liis father inlaw.

But now we haue mentioned the firit Spariirds which planted ihefe parts ' it fball
not Be amifl"- to men' ion fomehardrtiips the Spaniards fuftained before they could here
fettle themfdues, which may bean anlwertothofenice and delicate conceits that in
our Virginian Expedition caft ofFall hope , becaufe of fome difaftcrs. How the Spani-
ards dealt one with an other, and how the Indians dealt with them, you haue heard •
worfe hath not followed from any turbulent emulous fpirit of our ownc , orhoflile of
the Virginian, in this Plantation , And as tor famine , Ntcnefas men were fo pinched

that(not to fpeakeofthofe which periflT'd) one fold Van old leane mangy dogoc to his p w

fcllowes for many caftellans ofGoldrthefe flayed the Dogge, and call his mangie skin,'

with the bones ofthe bead among the buflies. Tneday toJlowingoneof thcmfindcs

it full of Maggots, and ftinking :but famine had neither eies nor ient : hee brought it

home, fod, andeatit, and found many Cuttomers whichgauea ^Caftcllan adifh for "Seuenfhil.

that mangy broth. An orher found two Toads and fod them, which a iicke man bou"ht ^'"S^ and fix

for two fine fliirts cur'ioufiy wrought with gold. Others found a dead man, rotten, and P*""^^*

fiinking, which puttified carkaffe they rofied, and cat. And thus from feuen hundred and

ft uenty men, they were brought fo low, that fcarle forty (fhadowesofmen) remained

to inhabite Dariena. Much like to this was their fucctrfc at the riucr of PJate,in Florida

and other places of the Weil Indies.

What lohn Oxenanu, Sir FraKcis Drake, Mafler Chrifiopher Newport, and other
our worth Country-men haueatchicued in thefe parts ^gainftthe Spani-
ards, Mafler Hacklxjit in his Voyages rdateth. Ic is time for vs
to paffc beyond thefe Daricn Straits, vnto that other
great Cherfonefm or Peruvian

Aaaaz RELA-




2V^£ If If R L D.


siL, Chic A, ChilIj PerV;» A ND


pervviana, and of their

The Ninth Booke.


OfthsSoutherne A m e s. i c a , and of the Ceuntries en the Sea-ceafi

His 'Peninfuk of the New Wor'd extending it fclfc
into the South , is in formr fomewhatlike to Africa,
and both' to feme luge T^r^OT^. In this, the5<«/w AGaf.eKfUb.3.
orgroundis the Northerly part, called 7>rr<«J'/>w,j, cap.z^i.
from whence it lelfcnf t'l it (elf by degrees, as it draw-
cthncerer the Migdlan Straits, where thetop of this
Spire mav fitly be placed. On the Eaft fide it is wafhed
withthcNorthOccan,asitistermcd : OntheWcft
with that ofthe South, called alio the Peaceable. It is
t fuppofcd to haue fixiec n tliouf .nd myles in compafle b Boteropar.z
fourcthoufandiiilenght; thebrcadthisvncqual.Thc lib.6,
Eaflern part thereof, brt wecne ' he Riuers Maragnon
andPJatajischaiengedby thePoriugalS} thereli by the Spanir.r:!. From cbe Notch to
the South are Ledges of Mountaines, the toppes whereof ?rc (ajd to bt higher then that
Biidiwill vifit; thebotromesyeeldthe greatert Riuers in the VVerld , and which mofl
enrich the Oceans Storc-houfe. Otcnoquc.M ragnon, and Plata fcemeto bcihcli,-
dian7>««JWf«W, Generals of thofeRiucr-Armifs, anci iVifpr^w/ great C<'lic(5ors of his
w.ircry tribute?. Orenoque for Ships is nauigablc athcu'nid myles ; for Icdf Vcflelj,

Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 159 of 181)