Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

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Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 16 of 181)
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borne,which excelled all in knowlcdge,& was the inuentor of Afirologic among the

Chaldarans.Kcbydiuine precept went into Phcenicia,and taught the Phoenicians the

courfe of the Sun & Moonc:and when the Armenians, warring vpon the Phoenicians,


Chap.Uo ASIA, the frft 'Booh

had taken his brothers Tonne prifoner.he by a band of his fcruants recouercd him,and
freely difmifled the caitiues, which he had taken. He after liucd with the Pricfts at
HeliopoIisinEgypc, and taught them Aftrologie ; confcfllng that he had recciu?d
that Art by fucceffionfrom £n»ch.Hc added that 'Be/us reigned the fccond in Baby-
lon, and was called Saturne,thc father of a fecond 'Belm, znd Canaan- which Canaan
wasthefatherof the Phsnicians, and the tx£thiopians, brother of ^/ji-y^/Vw the Au-
thor of the Egyptians: with many other things not much diJEFcring from the Diuinc

Attronomy in all likelihood was knownc to Ahraham,to whom the heauenly fiars
tnighc be Remembrancers of that pvomiCe,foJhall thy feed be .his country alfo, where
. it was praftifed,might therein further him, and the excellency of the Science in it fcif.,Iudiciall,Conic(£turaliGenethIiacall Aftrologic,Reafon
and Experience, God and Man hauc condemned. Vr fignifieth light, which agreeth
to the f«rf, the Chaldean deitie,* which the Pcrfians and Chaldeans famed to haue aAmmiartJit'
receiueH from hcaucn,and kept eucr burning ; at the Veflals in Rome.They held Wa- pi„taf. defJe
ter and Fire to be the beginning of all ihings.They madea chalcngc of this tbcir^mtf korbe um«.
Cod^, to contend with any other gods of the godlcfle Hcathen-an Egyptian encoun- ^ ^^,-^^ -^^
rred and ouercame them thus : he caufed his C^nofM to be made full of holes flopped nopo.KufnM
with wax, 'and hollow in the middle, which he filled with water :and the Chaldeans ecdlib.^.'
putting their fire vnder,the wax melting, opened a miiucr of vvatrie arrowcs,that coo-
led the heat of their deuouring god, and deuoured him. They had yet a more foolifti
God, euen«»» <= Ok^cw which they worfliippcd. They obferueddiuers wicked Scicn- cAlex.abA*
ces of diuiningjby Fue, Aire, Water,Earth, confuJting with the dead, and with wic- i',
ied fpirits, — -Chaldnavocatu Imferat arte ^/^z, faith Claudian.

Euery day the Ki"g <* offered a Horfe,furni{licd,vnto the Sunnc;as did alfo the Per- icxlml.9.t,x.
iians./'/!»//o/?r<jf.iairh,thatitwasa whiteHorfeofthcNifa:anracc,fumptuoufly trap-
ped,/;^, t.ra/). 20. They obferued a fcaft in Babylon (/^f^fw^ew* «citethitcutof£fro- e MenJih.ii,
Jiu) on the fixteenth Calends of September,which continued fiue daies; in which the «^I7.
Mafters were fubieil to their feruants,and one of them,royally attired, was caried out
of the houfe,whom they called Zoganes, Bamch cap.6. in the Epiflie of leremie ( A-
pocrypha)rippethvp«/!7«r*^9/4fre«/ 2^/r«, Idols, Procefsions, bearing Idols on mens r _ . . -
fpoulaersythipetple before and behindvrorfhipfing: their Priefls coltuftons to make gatnes g n fl' '
ofthefdoLofferings^togethervfith their Prieflspoauen heads and beards, their rent eloaths, t vvh lii
thetr reartr.g befo re the /del/ -.their Temples wherein they flood with fcepters^axes^or other may be intcr-
Weapons in their hands, hauing candles lighted before them^ with ether fuch rites -, that, in pretcd, with
the reading ,one would thinke he were telling the difcourfc of the myfteries ofmyfti- ' ®f<ls about
call Babylon in the Weft j 1 o eucnly they accord. The Chaldeans inuocate their "Beltu, [J*^"' • '^^^'^^
to do miracles alfo, faith he, intiocatwg a dnmbe Idolhogiue fpeechvnto another^ which tethtk^'j
htmfelfewanteth. Butzboue 3.\\, one beaftly rite was in vfe among them. The women, t«4 his report.
izlthhcj (it inthewaiesg!rdedwith?,cordsofrulhes,andbHrntflraw-,andifoneefthem h Hero.clio.
be draxfne an>ay,and lie with any fuch M come by.fhe eafteth hr neighbour in the teeth,be. ^^"'^o l'l>- > ^.
caufe fjeev^as not fo worthily reputed, nor her cordbroken. Thus was their glorie their ■?'"5'°"^'^
fhame.h Herodotus will yeeld vs a Commentary on this placc.The Babylonians hauc j xhc Arab'
an abominable law (faith he)that all their women once in their life do fit at the Teni- ani called hex
pic of/^ew-//co hauc familiaritic with ftrangers : the richer fort comming in chariots, ■^'j««,thcPer=
richly furiiifhcd and attended to this Vngodly purpofe. Their manner of fitting is, ^J^^'^'trt,
crowned r.uheirTemples with garlands, their retiring places diftinguiflied with niansc 11 j"
cords by uhichtheflrangermay ha'ieacccfTeto whichofthemhclikethbeft. And her alfo ^aw
thiiS do thefe Votaries oiP'enus fit . holding it religion to be irreligious.none of them /""itPLGyrM,
euer returning horoc,till fome gucft hauc caft money into her Iap,whom it is not law- l"ft-'Dear. Synt,
full tor her to rcfufe but to accept of him and his price, whatfocuer he be, and foHow ' ^' M^aiV?*,
him afidc from the Temple.where he defiieth her. At the giuing ofthe mony he vfcth ^""''' nnmen
tilde w ords,7".7Kf/ ttbi deam Myltttam tmploro,th3i is, at this price, or for lo much, I Tp^Tadc^f\
implore vnto thee theGoddeffe /^/»rr<s(fotheA(ryrianscalir>«w') and this mony hoc'cft
is confecratedtoaliacrcdvfe. After this, with the Goddeffegoodleauc, {he may re- ymTetfiff,

G 5 tutne

''66 Of the Triejls, Sacrifices, andreli^ious 1{$tes^<isrc. C n a p .il •

turnc home, although for no great price againe (faith our Authorlto be hircd.By this
TDcanes the faireft arc quickly difpstchecl^thcreftendiire a rcftles&; irkfome penance,
fomtimc a yeare,two,or three, before they can be diicharged of their honefty and the
•iaw togethcr,aBd hence might arife that former ambitious vpbraidin" mBaruch
In '^ifSe' ' ^'^°"g their many Idols,* ^^/barc the bcll,nothcre alone, but in a°l the countries
fcLclvjlcHeK, - of Affyna.and adioyning thereto^as appearcth in the Hiftorie of the FMble: where Bd
nun mhidic». ■°^ Saa/fo is often mcncioned,as the Idoil of fo many Nations & the fin ofthe apofta-
b let, 19.^. ticajl Synagogue. They b C-uilt vKta him high places : or elfe in ftead thereof vfed the
^'T" '3' e ^^"^'^^^ cf their houfis to his rvorfhip : they btttlt him houfcsjhey made him Images, ereUei
a"«ff L'S \o. ^''"'^^^^^^^'"'^'^ Cjy ones Molded to htm the knee, and kjfed htm in token of [iibiedion,vfei
Ofe.z. ' 'f^^fi'-'»e^'''ii''^(^^''f<!,^blerHedtohrm holy axyes, cut and lanced themfebtes in his f^^^
ef.^i. with other extaticall fuiies,and religious frencics.with ornaments of gold and iewcls'

inuocations and !mmo!ations,yea oftheir o wne childrcn:hc had alfo his peculiar pro-
phets and Priefts.Theie and fuch like doth the Scripture mention of this Babylon:-
an IdoU, whofe contagion infected the Eail with a Catholike I^olatrie that could
plead AntiejHitie,Vn:tierfa{:t;e,znA Co^fint, by euidence ofScripture-hiflorie(\*hich
later Babylon cannot doc) and yet was but Catholike and geneiall errour. Eel was,
' OthHeum^' ^^'"^^ ^^'"' '' ^""^"'"^ f'^^^^'-'^^-^ ["^''^f'^' the inuenter of Aftrologie, which {Heurnnu
indicJ.'" '' 2'^'^^th) he defiled with impure Magicke,as did his daughter SemiramUM-^o warred
Ad'.an'yarinft. '^T"" "Zoroa^er, in cnuic of his greater learning : 'Bels magicke appeared in his fepul-
lib,is,cap.s, chre, which Xerxes opening, found a vefTell of glade, and therein a carkafle fwim-
ming in oyle, which reached not to the brim by a hand-breadth. In a little piHar iuft
by was engrauen, that he fliould dearcly repent it, which opening the fepulchre did
net fill vp the veffcll : this AV>-Av/aflayed to dooin vaine.and therefore departed ve-
rie heauie, finding in his Grecian Expedition the truth of 5(?/j-prophecie. The like is
t u/thdu! of ^'^^^ ^° happen, when D.inus in hope of trcafure 'i opened the fepulchre oC Semira-
mool"" '" ° """' ^^ '"""'^ ^ '^^^^^' ^'^■'^^^ ^^'"S opened, a vencmouspeftilcnce ifTued, that confu-
KodJeleiMm 1"^'^ ^"^^ t^'rd P^rt of men.

rcporcethas y^'^w^ affi.meth, « that diuers later Authors, and before them f Phcodoret,cloe

ft«n§eapro- efieeme the name 'iV/or??Wto be a general! name, agreeing toallthegods of the
W'l^'l'tdc <^^^"t''^5>="0'^^"'gt"'hefignificatipnoftheword,to\vit,aLoid. S It was a name
ibeforccheSa- geneiall to their Idols, when it was put alone, but particular with fome addition, as
iafensinaar,. i^fl-^eM, 'Baal.z.ephon.Jhevc were fo many "^ ,?<?// in Syria, faith h Drtifius^ns there
dpd Spaine, were Regions, and almoft as many as Cities. The Moabites had their C^amos, the
i^,l.cap.\7._ Ammonites Moloch, tlie Sydonians t^siarte, in Gaza Maruan, in Hamath Jflma,
hTurm'i' ^'^' ^"^ ^""^'''' ' '^ A"^h°''' t'^=i^ ^'^'''^ t'lc father of Dido defcended of that ancient
g.W,c,ScMr. m ^^''^ thefi;j}King ofthe ^jJ^rians.rrhichpcopleworfl^ippedSztmnc Sclono,which were
ludic. ^'f'^''' ivorjhipped in eyifnc^, whereupon the Tunikes called God, Bal, (from whence cawe

h'/Zim?,l>r^f. thofe names Hannibal, Adherbal,/r;7iy//c/) ///.?; wham the eyijfyr'tans in fomerfjp.-n:
f"^"'- J. ^^i' Bel, and S^itHme, and the runnc. This opinicn that in Bel they worlliipped
wordiof T/w. '^^ Sunnc, is followed by Tremellius mAlunitis in their notes on FfAi.ts, Chap.
Jmplciiitq, mcr'o 4<5- 1- bccaufe the Aflyrians, Perfians, and Babylonians, accounted the Sunnc the*
fMram,qutm greateftGod,and woiH-iippcd the Fire as a particle thereof: Tohitn thelcwes,with
Mm&omaei this borrowed forren Idolatrie , dedicated Horfes and Chariots , which k ^lofuu
tutd!f'"'^'^' 3bohfl-ied,togethcr with the Altars on the roofe of ^h.-u his houfe, andthc high pla-
it T,^nl'.z^.M c^.whcrc thcirGod might fee their deuotions. Hisrome, on that place of Ef.^Si'n'n,
1 Aug tom.^. that Bel was Saturne, which 5«/^.tj- confirmeth. JngiiTl:ne ' relatcth the vfuall opi-
quxfi.tib.7.'i6, nion (on thofe \vords,///^.2.T'/?)f)'/^r/WB3al<tz'^Athroth) that j5<<^/ in thofe parts
ElHscntcnf. was the name of Iiipiter, and Aslarte of I two, and produceth the Punike langua"e,in
0''^i'mTl^'"'' ^"^''"*^^ 5'<^{r^«f»fignificth the Lord ofHcauen; and for ^yiffjroth (which hc'rea-
aochalfo take ^^'^ ^^'iriib/ts) he faith it is in the plural] number, in regard of the multitude nf7«-
Befani "<>" Images, each bearing the name of //.'»<?. Tins alfo is exemplified in the blcffed
forthefimc. Virgin by 2v'/'-'''3,fometime called our Lady of Loretto.fometime our Ladieof Mon.
^t Nicct.iii tefcrato, &c. according to the diucifuie of places, wherein they worfhip, not (Jifary j],^ Virgin, but their ovvne Idols ; the daughtets of their whoaOi mother Babylon.


; H A p. } 2 . ASIA, Th firft 'Booli.e, - .. '• = ^: •,.... ^ ^7

FortlicTyrians, Sydonians.Philinims, and other Syrian, and AfTyrianNatioiisj the
Scrintiirc brandeth ihcm with ch'u "Bdoi '\m\z : in hatred of which namc^
theicwcscjllcd tlicPnncccfDiucl3,astheAc,ironites did their principalIIdols_, by
the name of Bfel^ebab.

Thus the Gieckes and Latincs haue confounded the AflTyrianind Tyrian "Bel^
ivhich by /o/'p/j/y '"^oZ/^f)', (who not v.iworthily is called" the Z)/f/-^faro/4«oB'- m ScaWg. fj;;;
ledfre, .ifid great Pnnce ifle.miingsft-tii) aredillmguiflied and made two: the one 'P'^og-^'b-l,
(fafth he) is written ha and the laicr - ya and reproucih ///fJ'ow** for making 5?/^^, ''"f ,'!-'*;, ,
the father ofA/^/vw.and the Virgilian^fte to be one. But m his notes on the frag. \nt\J.\myi.
mcntsof ^d-j-a/zf^, an i other ancient Authors, heftith, the Tyrians and Sydomans v,\mn.
called him "-lya which the Greekes made 'BeliM : and lo M"". Sdclcn alfo is ofopinion^ Vclyolb,
thatthefc names S:i and "i?:: difteronclyaccordingto the propriety ofthc language,
and not indeed, for the Grammarians obfcrue that the Chaldee words often lofc that
inid(!lc letter: E/im in hisT^fj/vobfcrueth.that ^^w/fignifieth the a6t of generati-
on which may wiiJl sgrcewith thole beaftly2.^?rf/-rites before mentioned. £^4/ is
readinthefcchiininegender.To^.i.^.'^ow.I i.^.la Phot ins <> ismentioned,thatthe o I'hot.uMolL
Phxnicians ami Syrians called Satnrnc h A, and Bwa, £ L, and Btl, and T^olathes.Li- if'Damafcio.
liMgiraldy^s p out of5(fr«zJ&(.afhrmeth that H A, in the Aflyrian language fignifieth ,^;2^; ^'"['?''*'
the Sunne, from whence the Grceke ma is dcriued : fome attribute this to the Phx- fo'jlo" e;h m»,
nician tongue, in which f/»7/fignifieth God. The AfVyrians named Saturn* and the i7.jmakcth
Sunne Hel. The Indians called that HercMles^vj\\\c\\r uHy de Nat. 'Dfor. numbreth £/»nhcta-


ineth oi Bahal , which iignifieth a Lord : to wlioim built that Temple be- q cap.i.q.ig,
fore mentioned. The fecbnd was the Sfi!i;7e , which they called R^ch , that is, ^-^dcm VoUmk
a Kino;; becaufe heeischiefe among the Planets: andthe Pcrhans czWh'nn AIi- '"^""-^"h^'
thra, as fuflinus CMartyr faith, Dialog, in Triphm, The Pricfts of this Idoll were
called Rac.ophant^, OhferMcrs of the Sunne, Their third God was Nego^tht Fire;
fo called of the brtghtnejfe; this was carried about among them : the Prietts were
called OrtophantA. Their firfi: Goddefle was Shacht , v!.'hich was the Earth^wox-
fliippcd allbof the Romans vr.dcr the name of Tclhis and Opis : of the Syrians
called Dorcctka. In thehonour of this Goddefle, they vied to keepe a feaii fiue
dayes together in Babylon; during which time, tb^^Mafters were vnder the do-
. minion of their feiuants ; one of which was vfually.fct ducr the reft, and royal=.
ally cloathed, and was called Sogayi^ that is, great Prince (our Lords of Milrule
fceme to deriuc their pedigree from hence. ) This Ici-liuall time was called
Shachc , whereof Babylon was called Sheflh^ch ,.oi keeping this Feaft, hrern^.
2?. 27. and 51. 41. Their other Goddefle was tj^iuliita , which was Voms,
whofe Priclls were called Natita , ox NaiophaKtiet.3nt thechie-feft of their Idels
was "S If/.

Heealfo intei-prcteth >■ thofe words. 2)^«.i.4. whom they might teach the Uar- r £^x^,i^t
King and tongue of the Chaldeans , of Schooles wherein youth was brought vp
in good letters, to bee after employed in the State. So among the e^'gypci-
ans they had the like vfe, where (Jlfofes was taught the /earning of the ty£gjp~
tiitn.1. Among the Ifraclites eight and fortic Cities were appointed tor the 1 e-
uitcs, which were as the common Schooles and Vniucrfitics for the whole King-
dome. Sum^tel and E/zs-ea/had their Schooles and Colledges of Prophets : yea the
rude Indians had their (j^mnofophiftes ; and the Romans had their Colledges of

In the feuenteenth chapter of the fecond booke ofKings is mentioned Sucoth Be-
noth an Idoll of tlie Babylonians. "Stis?^ interpreteth it the Tabernacles oi Benoth,zx\A



S8 0/ the 'Priefis^Sacrificcs^ and religious ^tes,<iyc. Chap .ix.

d Ztne.Conft^.
c JVhittal^.de
Scrip. quKH.X.

f BelUr,tlever-

tWs Idoll was made like to a Hen brooding her chickens : which Idols the Babyloni-
ans framed in worfliip of that Conftellation, called by the vulgar, the Hen andchic-
a mlpb.ku ^«/,andoT"the learned, T/if/Ww; as others did to the Sunnc, others to the Moonc.
Reg. tr. Some » apply it to themyfterie of their IdoU, (which Chrift thcTruth,true!y faith of

himfelfe) protC(Sing his worfhippers, as a Hen her chickens. My learned friend Ma-
tter 5fWf« gathered by the fignification oi Suecothhenoth (the Tabernacles of the
daughters) that thereby is meant the Temple of Venus, w here the daughters of the
Babylonians fatc,asbeforc is faid, to performe their fiithie dcuotions. It feemcth the
b Anat f.»<t. idolatrous iPricfts carried the Tabernacle of their Idoil on their ftioulderjinapifhimi-
cDiuf.inA' ration of the true Priefls and Leuitcs: for fo e>^woj faith, ^ Tet carried Saccoth, er
lUa* SicchnthyoMr King, Qjtunyour Images^ which Drttfus « interprcteth UHoUch and


In the fourteenth chapter di Daniel, as the Latinej reade, is a large hiftorie both of
5*/,adeadftatue,andofaliUing'Dr<»j»«whichthe Babylonians worfhipped. The
Priefts of "Bel were feucntie.bcfides their wiues and children, whofe fraud and cou-
fcnage "Daniel detc£^c6,mz\i'ingit manifeft by their foot-fieps in the afhes, which he
had ftrewed in the Temple,that they were the deuourers of that huge portion of for-
tieflieepe, twelue meafures of meale.and fix great pots of wine,daily confccrated for
"Sels break-faH. He afterflcw the Dragon alfo ; for which the Babylonians forced the
King tolodge him fix daics among the Lions. But howfoeuer generally more autho-
ritie IS to be afcribcd to the Apocryphall bookct, then to any humane H iftorie, or o-
therEccicfiafticall Authors, is Zanchifts ^ rcligiouflyholdeth, yet for this fragment
of 2)4«/f /, it is accounted « thcworkeof 7"Af(?^of«o«abadman, who foifted it into
his tranflation. And not oncly the Reformed Churches account it as it is, but 'Driedo
alcarncdPapifl,fr<«/w«jaScmi.chriftian(fo5f//<ir«iwecalleth him) lulius Jtfrica-
tius of old,and the le wes generally, reied it out of the Canon, as the Cardinal himfelfe
f hath obfcrued : and he is faine to tell vs of another Daniel of the Tribe of Lent, to
maintaine the credit hereof. But Hitreme in the Preface of his Commentaries fiileth
them. Belts Draconifj^fabulat, quat veru antepojtto, eo^ iHguUnteyfubiecit, ne videre-
tur afudimferitos magnampartem vtluminum detrutic^jfc : and alleageth Eufebius,0-
rigen, t/4polltnarif{j, and other EcclefiafticallDof^ors, which wereofhismindc.and
though they needed not to 3n{'wexePerph^rie,v>'ho had hence raked fome obiedtions
g Mttitmorfh. againft the Chriftians, for thefe things which had not auihoritie of Scripture.
4, & lo. ^5 {orTyramns and Thy she, with CypAriJfus and fuch like, I leaue them to s Ouid

and the Poets. It Icemethworthie relation that fell out at Affus, a Babylonian Citic,
h SolitiMt. i8. where a Dolphin fo loued a boy,that followin gtoo farre after their wonted fportings,
helluckefaftin thcfands: ^ which >4/fA<«»;ifr interpreting to be ominous,preferred
the Boy to the Priefthood of J^eptune.

Fortheprefcnt SaracenicallR.eligion,nowobferued in thefe parts, ourthirdbookc
fhall largely relate thereof Concerning other Babylonian cuftomes: Herodotus,Li.
tellethof three famihes in Babylon which liued on fifli. ItmaybetheCarthufians of
curWefterne Babylon are ofthcirof-fpring: for whofe fparing, their fcllowcs may
eatthe more flefh, with whichthofeofold, and thefe later, may not (forfooth) pol-
lute themfe lues. ' C«m«Jte!lcth generally, that, for fleflily vices, the Babylonians
were moft corrupt. They proftituted their wiues and daughters to their guclts for re-
vs ards. They were addtfted to cxcefTiuc banketting, and drunkennefle. In the begin -
ning of their feaftes, their women were modeftly attired; by degrees theyftrippcd
themfclues of their cloathes, beginning with the vpper-moft, til! nothing was let to
couer their fhame, or forbid their fhamelcnenefle. And not their Curtizans alone,buc
their Matrons, (yea, in token of ciuilitie) did thus profticute themfclues to thofe
flames of liifls which haue come from hell, and carrie thither. Hecre was Alexanders
k ciellus Rhod, manly and vii^orious armic made effeminate, vnfit after to haue cncountred with a
libXfap.ii. ftrongenemie. k Someafcribetheloofeliuesof theBabylonians.toalavvofXcr.vif/,
who to chaftife them for arebellion,cna6^ed that they Ihould no longer weare armes,
but addidl themfclues to Mufickc^ riot, and fuch like.


t .^i«. ^ar/,

Chap.i^. ASIA Theprft'Booke:,

Chap. XIII. *,.,

The ChaldMri,and Ajfjrkn chronicle^ or CompuWien effmh^ -witfi
theirnsAnifolddteratiens of Religions andCouernemerjtJn
thofe parts vNtillourtime^.

Ehauebefore»fhewedthcprodigious Chronologic oftheChaldi-
ans/cckoningthereignesoftheir Kings before the flqud, /^^2ooq»
yearcs. They tell alfo after the floudot'diucrs Dynaflicsorgouern-
iTicnts in this countrey of Babylon,

Firftj'^thc' Chaldajans.f/^fiT^i'i?/ reigned <$. yeares, Cbomusbt.

les 'j.Peros -i^r^.^echubes^r^. ^bios ^Z.Oniballas 40. Zitix.iros ^<^.

HcbeingdifpoflefledbytheArabians, ir^ardocentes beganthe fecOnd Arabi.
anDynaftie,3nd reigned 4y.ycarcs,and after hiir,5//f»?rtr<//fifcw 18. ^hias 37. T^-

ratinos ^o^H^honnabosz'^. 41. Thefpaceof thefc two Dynafties is reckoned

440. yearcs. Thus 5«/;jff>'relatcth: but in my iTiinde,as the former was beyond ali
pnlTibilitieoftruth (which they tell ofbefore the floud)fo this hath no great Iikeli-
hood,at Icaft ibr fo long a fpacc before B?/«f ,with whom the moft hiftories beginne
their relations,and Scdiger his ' third Dyn3ftie,of one and fortic Kings in this order.


b Scalig, Ctm\

c TheChal-
d The Arabi-
an Dynaftic.

I Belu^,


1? Mimylm

■X Ninw^


^ 16 S part beta

2 S emir Amis ^


1 7 Afchitades

4 Ninyns Zames


18 Amyntes

^ Aritts^


1 p Belochus

6 K^rdtm^


20 Bdatores

7 Xerxes^


1 1 Lamprides

8 \^rmiimithres


2 2 So/ares

p Beluchm


•23 Lxmpraes

10 BaUiiS


24. r any AS

1 1 Setfws



12 Miimjthus


13 Afchalies







2^ Arbelus



30 Chalaos









3 3 ThiriMS



34 Dercyliis



3 5 Eupacmcs



35 Laofibenes



3 7 Pyritiades



7,% Opbnt £ti$ .



3P Epbatbcrei



40 Acrsarnes



41 7i?;7ijj Concoleros qnijl^ ^ _


(2}" Sardr/iapttUi^.


e The Aflyri-

fpca'ieib of
Amrapliel King
of Shinar, that
is.of thefc
parts of Baby.
Ionia, as his
reigned not
farre hence.

The fummcofthis Dynaftic, 1 484.ycarcs.

The fourth Dynaftic was foftheMedes.bcgunby ^r^^^z, who depriued 5'^r<^<«- f The Median
»/!;)^/a/; he reigned iS.yearcSjhisfonne CMandMces <^o. Sofirmus ■^o. ArtycM 50. Dynadie.
(In the I j.yeare of this Kw\%T<l^bor>^Jjiir , the Babylonian rebelled, and began a new
Dynaftic in Babylonia. Andinthe45.ycareofhi3rcignc Salmamjfar captiued the
XenTx'vOcs) Arhtanes or Cardiceas zz. Arfees ox Deioces ^o. Artyfies czWed alfoPhra-
«rt£Szz.Aflibc.ras ex Cyaxarei ^o. Apifidoi a//M Aflyages ^o.Jn M^iz.ycixes.

The fifths Dynaftic was ofthePerfians.begun by 0r«j-, which ouerthrcw Afly^ g ThePetfian
<»g-«,and reigned ^o.yeares: His fonne Cambyfes^. theC^dgij. moneths, D<s>-7;^j Uynaflie.
fonnc oiHyjb( 3^. yeares , Xerxes 20. Artabmus 7, moncths, Artaxcrxes Lon.
gimamts^o. Xerxes 2.moneths, Sogd'tantts 7. moncths, Darius Nothus 19. yeares,
Artaxcrxes Mfiemon 4o.ycares, Artaxerxes Ochus z6.Arfes ^.Darius (5. in all 2 3 1 ,
yeares. . ,

The fixth'' Dynaftic was of the Macedonians, thefirft of which was Alexander, Ionian D*^* •
■who after the eonquefl:ofPrfWw reigned (5. yearcs, -^«f/j;o»«/ iz.SeleucHt'Hicator flje,


70 The Chaldxan di/td'jdffjr{m Chonide^isc, C h a p.i j.

1, 7.H»tigonus Soter ig.Antigontis Theos i ^,(ln the 1 2.year ofhis reigne, j^rfaces the
'Ptx(iinxthc\\^A) Seletici4sCallinicui%o.Seleuctis CeraHitus 7,.j4ntiochus Magnus ^6*
SelftteasPhilopator \i , AKtttrhus Efifhane^s ii.Antiochut Sapator z. Demetrius Sa-
fer I Z.Alexander Bala lo, Demetrius Nicstnor j, Antiochus Sidetts 9. Demetrius
'D .F,^.Antiochtts Grjpus iz.Aniiochus Cjg,iceniis i2. Thilifpus z. In all 257. And
from the beginning of the firft Dynaftie 26?:?. Thefe I haue heereinfertcd out of
Scalt^er^azihei toflicw the continued fuccefTion of the Eafteine Empire , then with
any ihtcnttoperfwadcjthat all thefe were Kings, and ruled the couiurey of Babylo-
nia.' Tor after S/^r/^c^/ rebelled, the Parthiansdifpoffcffed the Syrian Kings of thefe
pans : and before,the Babylonians often rebelled; as in the time of the Perfians,when
Zopyrits by a ftrange ftratagem.recited by /«/?/;? and others,reftorcd them to Darius;
but efpecially in the times of the Mcdes, whofcDynaftie was much difqmeted : fom-
d OttfM'f'^9- t'"ie the Scythians ( faith "^ Oro//<r) and fometimes the Chalda:ans,and fomctimes
the Mcdes preuayhng. Sometimes alfo (as the Scripture witncfreth)the Aflyrians re-
newed their ancient power. Yea in the time of the Affyrian Dynaftie,the Chaldeans
arc faid to warre (in the reighc oiPunjias) againft the Phinicians^which argueth that
they were then free. -■ ' •■ i

The Scripture and other Hiftories fpeakc of PHul, Teglatii-Phalafar, lareh,

Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 16 of 181)