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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 160 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 160 of 181)
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two thmifand 5 in fomc places twenty miles broad ; in fome, th'rty, Bcrreo iffirmed ro
ii\ifViltfrRaletgh, ThatahundredRiucrs fell into it, maich;ug vndcrhii name and co.

Aaaa 3 lows.




I



Sio



Of the Sontherne America, O'C



Chap. I:



c Cielim vndiq,,
(jT- vndiq-; potttus
NilaifipotltHi

H. Giraua I- z.



lours, the leafl as biggc as Rio Grande, one of ihc grcatcft Riucrs of America. It cxtcn-
deth two thoufand mylcs Eaft and Weft, and commanded eight hundred mylcs, North
and South. Plata, taking vp all the flreames, in his way, is fo lull fwolnc with his incrca-
(cd ftore, that he fcemeth rather with bigge lookcs to bid defiance to the Ocean then
to acknowledge hom3ge,opcning his mouth forty leagues widc,as ifhc would deuourc
the fame, and with bis vomited abundance makech the fait waters to recoyle/ollowing
frcdi in this purfuit , till in fak fweates at laft he meltcth himfclfc in the Corabatc . Ma-
ragnon is far greater, whofe water hauing furrowed a Channell of fix thoufand miles in
the length of his winding paflage, couereththrcefcore and ten leagues in breadth, and
hijjlcth his Bankcs « on both fides from him which f^yleih in the middcflcf his proud
Current, making fimple eyes btleeue, that the Hcauens alway dcfcend tokifle and em-
brace his waues. And fure our morc-ftraitned world would lo far be acccffory to his af»
piring , as to ftyle him with the royall title of Sea , nnd not dcbafc his greatncffc with
the meaner name of a Riuer?G/r««.ifomqwhat othcrwifc writeth of thefeRiuers, that
Plata called by the IndiansParanaguacu,asone(houId fay, aRiuerlikea fca is twenty
fiue leagues in the mouth, (placed by him in thirty three degrees of Southerly latitude)
encrcafitiginthefametimcandmanerasNitus •. Marannonhec faith is in the entrance
fiuc leagues, and is not the fame with Orellana (fo called c'i Francis Orella, thefirfl Spa-
niard that failed in it, and Amarones of the fabulous reports , as Giraua tcrmeth them,
offuch women there fecne) which he faich hath aboue fifty league} of breadth in the
mouth .andisthc greatcfl Riucrofthe world, calledby (omc thefrcfhSea, running
aboue 1 500. leagues vnder the e/^quino(Si all. Thus much he though Icffe then others,
yet more then can be paraleld in any other flremcs. This Southern halfe of America hatti
alfo, at the Magellane Str3it»,contra6lcd, apd(as it were ) flirunke in it felfc, refufin" to
be extended further info cold 3 Climate. The manifold riches ofMtttals,Bcafls,ando-
iher things, in the beginning of the former Booke hauc beenc dcc'ared ; and in this, ai
cccafion moueth, fliall be further manifefted . The Men are the worB part as beino in
the greateftparts thereof inhumane and bruiifh.Thc Spanifti Towncs in this great trail
and their Founders, arc fetdowne by Tif^ro^ird Cteza HcrerainA oi\\cis , I rather in-
tend Indian SuperflitionstbeuSpanifhPlantationsinthispartofmyPilgrimage.

OftheTownesof«iV«w?/'rf<^i?D;w,feucnteene leagues from Panama, the one on the
North Sea, the other on the South, and of Dariene, wee lafl tooke our leaucs , as vncer-
tainc whether to make them Mexican, or Peruvian being borderers, and fet in the Con-
fines, betwixt both. Thcmoorifhfoylcmuddie water, and groflc Ayrc confpire with
the heaucnly Bodies to make Dariene vnholfome : the myrie flreame iunncth(or crcep-
cth rather very (lowly ; the water f butfprinkled on the houfc-floorc, cngendrcthToads
and Wormes.

They s haue in this Prouince of Dariene flore of Crocodi'cs, one of which kinde, Ci-
tK,a fait h, was found fiuc and twenty foot long ; Swine without taylcs, Cats with great
taylcs, Bcansdouen footed like Kine , otherwife refembling 'Mules , fauing their
fpaciouseares, and a trunke or fnout like an Elephant : there are Leopards , Lyons,
Tygres. On the right and left hand of Dariene are found twenty Riucrs, which yeelde
Gold. The men "^ arc of good Hacure, thinne haired ; the women weare Rings on
their earcs and nofes, with quaint ornaments on their lippes , The Lords marry as ma-
ny Wiues as themlifleth, other men one or two . They forfake, change, andfcU
their Wiues at plea fure. They hauc publike Stcwes of women, and of men alfb in ma-
nic places, without any difcrcdit ; yea, this priuiledgcth them from following the wari .
The young girles hauing concciuedjCate certaine hcrbes,to caufc obortion.Thcir Lords
and Piiefls confult of warres after they hauedrunke the fmoke of- a certainc herbc.Tbe
women follow their husbands to the warres, and know how to vf<;aBow. They all
paint themfclues in the warres. They necde no Hcad.peece?, for their hcadcs arefo
hard, that they wil! breake a Sword, being fmittcn thereon. Wounds rf ceiued in warre,
are the badges of honour, whcreoftheygloricmuch, and thereby enioy fomcFran-
chifes. They brand their prifoners and pull out one of their teeth before. They will fell
their children ; are excellent Swimmers, both Men and women ; accuflomingthtm-
fclacs twice or thrice a day thereunto. Their Pticfls arc their Phyficians, and Maflers of

Ceremonies;



dPedi-odeciexi
deLeon.Cbron.
del Peru,
c Eaftward
from this
Towne cer-
tain e Negro-
(laues made a
head, and ioy-
ning with tha
Indians, vfcd
to robbe the
Spaniards.
Benci^o. l,i.c.9.
(Lincboten.
V-Oiart, veci.
lib. 6.
z,Gomsr. Gtn.

h l'.M.Dec.i.
Ub.^.



fTobacco.



Chap.i AMERICA. The ninth 'Booke, 821



Ceremonies ; for which caufc.and becaufc they hauc conference with the Dcuill.thcy
are much clkcmcd. * They haue no Temples, nor Houfesofdeuotion. TheDeuill
they honour much, which in terrible {hapes doth fomctimcs appcare vnto them ; as I 'P-Cie-faChren~
(faich CKX,a) haue heard fomc of them fay. They belecuc^that there is one Cod in hea- P<^'''-P-i-(-^-
uen, to wit , the Sunnc , and that the Moonc is his wife ; and therefore worfliip thele
two Planets. They worfhip the Dcuillalfo, and paint him in Rich forme as he appca-
rcth to them, which is of diuers forts. They oftcr Bread, Smoke, Fruits, and Flowers,
with "rear deuotion. Any one may cut off his arme which ftcalcth cPi^ais, Enctfffy
with his Armie ofSpaniards, feeking to fubdue thefe parts.vfed a Spanifli trick, telling
the Indians , That he fought their conuerfion to the Faith , and therefore difcourfed
of cwr God, Creator of all things^ andofBaptifmejand after other things of this nature,
Icfle to his purpofe.hc told them, That the Pope is the Vicar of Chrilr in all the world,
with abfolute power ouer mcnsSoulcs and Religions; and that hee had giuenthofe
Countries to the moft mightie King of Spaine, his Matter , and hee was now come to
take pofleiTion , and to demand gold for tribute. They Indians anfwcrcd , That they
liked well what hee had fpokcn of one God, but for their Religion , they would not
difputeof it,orleaucit:Andfortbe Pope, hee fhouldbcslibcrall of hisowne; nei-
ther fcemcd it, thatthcir King was mightie, butpoore, thatfent thus abeggi.^g. But
what wordes could not, their Swords effedcd, with the deftruftion of the Indians.

Thefoile ofVraba is fo fatncdwith a flrcame therein, that in eight and twcntic
daycs the fcedcs of Cucumbers, Melons, and Gourds, will ripen their Fruits. There
is » a TrceintholeCountrics,whofekaues,\viththebaretouch,caufegvcatbliflers: ^ -p.MtirU
the fauour of the wood is poy fon ; and cannot be carried without danger of life , ex- Dfc.j./.s.
cent by the helpeof another hcarbe , which is an Antidote to this venomous Tree.
Kin" ^ a^i'/^w^rfhadhisPalaccinaTtce, by rcafonofthenioorifhfituationand of- b P. Mart,
teninvndationofhisLaod. 'L'tj/^«« could not get him downe, tillhcbcgannetocut Occi.l.^.
the Tree, and then the poorcKing came downc, and bought his frcedome at the Spa-
niards price,

Carthagena was fo called, for fome refemblance in the fituation to a CitiC in Spaine
of that name. Sir Francis Drake tooke it. The Indians thereabouts vfcd poifoned Ar-
jowes : the women warrc as well as the men. £>icif> tooke one , who with her owne
hands had killed eight and twentic Chriftians, They did cate the enem[es which they
killed. They vfed to put in their Sepulchres gold, feathers, and other riches. Between j
Catthagena and Martha runneth a fwiftRiucr, which maketh the Sea- water togiue '
place ; and they which paffc by, may in the Sea take in of this water frefh,

Itiscalledofthelnhabitants2)<j^d/^<« (the Spaniards hauc nzmcd'it Rio Gr^KcU,
andtheRiuer of S'. John) it paffethwith a Northerne difcoucrie , intothcGulfeof
Vraba before mentioned. They which dwell on this Riucr obferue an Idoll of gi cat
note , called by the name of the Riuer , Dahatba : whereto the King at certaine times
of the yeare fends flaucs to bee facrificed,from remote Countries , from whence alfo
isgreatrefortof Pilgrimes, They kill the flaucs before their God, and after burne
them, fuppofingthatodouracccptablctothcirldoll, as Taper-lights, andFrankin-
fence {(ixih. CMartjr) is to our Saints, Through the difpleafure of that angricGod^
they faid that alUheRiuers and Fountaines had once failed , and the greateft part of
men pcrifhed with famine. Their Kings in remembrance hereof, haue their Priclls ac
home, and Chappells which arc fwept euery day, and kept with a religious ncatneffe.
When the King thinketh to obtainc of the Idoll, Sunne-fhine, or Rsine, or the like; he c They fay
with his Priefts gets vp into a Pulpit,(t3nding in the ChappelLpurpofing not to depart Vabaib/i was a
thence till his iuit be granted. They vrgc their God therefore with vehement praiers, womSofgreat

and cruell fafting :the people meane while inaccratinc themfelues alfo with fafting, ^"^'^°'"^'j°*
. ^ J r ■ j-i- " ,^11 . '^ noured in her

infourc dayes fpace not eating nor drinking, except on the fourth day, onely a lifc,Dcifiedaf.

littlebroth. The Spaniards asking what God they worfhippedthu; , ih;y anfwered, tcrdeath; to

The Creator of the Heauens, Sunne, Moone , and all iuuiliblcthinges, from whom "homthey

all good thingcsproccede. And they fay 2) ^^4/^.? <- was the Mother of that Creator, ^fcribethun-

They call them to thsirDeiiotions with ccrtamc Trumpets and Bells of gold. Thu „" j*" u ^'^hc

Bdls had clappers like in forme to ours , made of the bones of Fiflics , and yeclding hangrier

a plcafing



822 Of the Southerne America, (yc, Chap.i.



a pleafing found, as they reported : which no doubt, was a pleafmg found and mufick
to the Spaniards couctous hearts, howfoeuer it agreeth with the nature of thiHrriettall
* Pcnrumex- to ring intheeares, One ofthem, fay they, weighed fix hundred "Penfs. ThcirPriefis
ccedcth the were enloyned chaftitie, which vow, ifthey violated, they were either ftoned or bur-
Ducatafourth ^gj^ Other men alfo in the time of that fa(ilikewifcconrained themfelues from thole
parc.^Pf^o. carnallpleafures. TheyhaueanimDgination of the foule (butknnw not whatfub-
flance or name to afcribe vnto it) to which yet they belcrued.was afligncd future ioycs
or woes, according to their demerits, pointing v|> to Heauen, and downe to the Cen-
ter, when they fpake thereof. Many of their Wiues ( forthey might haue many ) fol-
lowed the Sepulchres of their husbands. They allow not marriage with the fifter, of
which they haue a ridiculous conceit of the fpot , which they account a man, in the

Moone, that for this Incell he was thither confined,to the toinientsofcojd&moifture
inthatMoonc.prifon. Theylesucttencheson their Sepulchres, in which they yearly
powre Mayes,an 1 fome of their Wine (to the proPt) as they thinke of the Chofts. If a
Mother die while (hee giueth fuck, the poore nurfling muft not be Orphan, but be in-
terred wi' h her, being put there to her breaH,and buried aliuc.Tlicy imagined that the
foules of their great men and their familiars were immortall,but not others:and there-
fore fuch of their fcruants and friends as wouM not be buried with thcm,thcy thought
fliouldlofcthatpriuiledge of immortalitie , and the delights ofthofepleafa'nt places,
where was eating, drinking , dancing , and the former delicstcs of their fcmer hues.
They renue the funerall pompe of thcfe great men yearly ,aflcmbling thither with plen-
tie of wine and meats.and there watch all night (efpecially the women) Iniging drcrie
lamentations, with inuecSiues ajiainil his enemies, it he died m the wa:res,yea cuttin^^
the Image of his enemie in pceces in reuenge ol their flaine Lord. This done, thty fall
to drinking of Mays-wine till they be wearic, if not drunken. Yet after this, they re-
fumc their fongs to his commendation, with mai-.y dances and adoratins When day
appearcth, they put the Image of the dcceafed into a great Canoa (a boat of one Tree,
capable of threefcore Oares) filled with drinks, hearbs, and fuch things ai in his life he
had loucd : which fome carrie vpon their lliouldcrs in proceflion about the Court,and
fet it downetherc againe, and burne it with all the contents. After vvhich,the women,
filled with wine, and emptied of all modeflie, with loole haire, fecrcts not fecret, and
yiv'ict'ic of Bacchofia I geflures, fometimes goe, fometimcsfall, fomeumcsfhakethc
weapons of the men, and conclude withbeartlylleeping on the ground. Theyong
men cxercife their dances and fongs, piercing the middle o- their priuie member with
thcfha'peboncoftheRay-fifh , bedewingthe pauement with the bjoud. And their
Baftti, who are their Phy fitians, and Prieft?, heale the fame againe in foure daics. They
haue in thofe parts Magicians, without whole aduice they attempt nothing .and nei-
ther hunt, fifh, nor gather gold, except ihtTeijuenigna oi fViz,ard thinke it fit.

To end this Dabutba/! ftorie , Martyr faith (for I will not furthercngage my credit
for the truth) that in Cainara, which is at the head of this Riuer,there hapned moft ter-
rible tempefls from the Eaft, which threw downe trees and houfes , and in the lalt afl
ofthattragedic,wcrebrought(notbyrcprefentation)twofoulemonfiersofmonftrous
fowlcs , fuch as the Poets defcribe the Harptes, with womens faces; one of them fo
great, that het legs were thicker then a mans thigh, fohcauie, that the boughcsof che
Trees could not beare her , foftrong, that fheewould feizeonainan, and flle away
with him, as a Kite with a Chicken : the other was Itfle, and fuppofed to bee ilic yong
one of the former. Corales,Ofcri(*s, and Spinofa, told LM^^rtj/r , that they fpakc with
many who faw the greater killed, which v\ as done by a ftra ageme ; for they made the
Image of a man, and fet it on the ground , attending in the woods with their arrowes,
till (hcc the next morning feized on this prey , and lofl her fclfc ; the yong was neuer
feene after; and happily you thinke, not before neither. But they added, that the kil-
lers of her were honored as Gods, and rewarded wi;h prefents.
, Linfchtlz. In the Valley of Tunia», orTomana,areMines of Emeralds. The people wor/hip
theSunne for their chiefe God, with fuch aw full deiiotion , that they dare not looke
ftcdfaftlyvponit -.thcMooncaifothcy worfhip, but in aninfcriourdcgec. In their
Warrcs, inftcadofEnfigncs, they tyc the bones of certaine men (who in their iiues

had



\



Chap.1. AMERICA. The ninth 'Booke:



823



CtJi.c.-ji.



M-Cerard.



had been valiant)vpon long flaucs,to prouokc others to the like fortitiide.They biirie
their Kings with golden neck-laces,fet with Emeralds and with Bread and Wlne.The
people about Ri« (jrattd-e arc Canibal!s,as alfo about S. Martha. The Tunians vfe poi-
foncd arrowes ; and when they goc to the warres.they carric their Idoll Chiappif with
them ; vnto whom,beforc they enter into the field, they offer many facrifices of liuing
men.bcing the children offlaueSjOr of their enemiei,painting all the Image with bloud;
which done,they eate the flcfh. Returning Conqucrouts.they hold ^leat feafts, with
dauncing,leaping,finging, drinking themfcluesdrunke.-andagainebcfmeare their I-
mage with bloud. If they were oucrcome, they fought by new facrifices to appeafc
Chuppen. They demanded cotjnfell of their Gods for their marriages , and other af-
faires. ForthcfeconfultationstheyobferuedakindcofLent two moneths, in which
they lay not with women, nor eate Salt. They had Monafterics of boyes and girles,
where they liued certaine ycares. They corredted publike faults.as ftcaling,and killing
by cutting off the eares,and nofe-, hanging; and if he were a Nobleman.by cutttngoff
hishaire. In gathering Emeraldsjthcyfirlirfed certaine Chatmes. They vfcd to fa-
crificeBirds,and many other things.

S./?/-»«A4ftandeth about fiftie leagues from Carthagena, at the foote of certaine
Hills,alway crowned with fnow. The Indians P here are very valorous, andvfepoy- P ^^k-Menntd.
foncd arrowes. Theymakebreadoflucca, arootas biggeaiamans arme.orleggc, "^'^ .
the iuycc whereofis poyfon in the Iflands, and therefore they preffc it betweene two ^'"""'•"'^•
ftoncs: but in the firme land they drinke it rawj and both heerc and there fodden,
they vfe it for Vineger ; and being foddeniill it be very thickc.for honey. This bread
is their Cafaui^not (0 good as that of(JW<<« . I haue fcene a Plant of this hcrbe grow-
ing in U'.geralds <i Garden.the picture whereof he hath cxprefTed in his Hcrball.The
people arc abhominableSodomitcs,a badge whereofthey ware about their ncckes ; a
chaine, with the refemblancc of two men committing this villanie. In Gayra the So-
domites were attired like women, others were (haucn like Friers. They had women
which prcferued their Virginitie.-thefeaddiftcd thcmfclues 10 Hunting, with Bow
and Arrowes,alone : they might lawfully kill any that fought to corrupt ihem. Thefc
people were Caniballs, and eate mans flefh,frcfli and powdered: the young boyes
which they tooke they gelded, tc make them fatter for their Tables, as wee doc
Capons. They fet vp the heads of thofc they killed,at their gates.for a memoriall,and
•wore their teeth about their neckes for a braucrie. They vvorfhip ' the Sunne and r P.Mc£i,t.l.^.
Moone, and burne thereto perfumes of Hearbs, and Gold, and Emeralds. They facri- "/-ij-
(iccdaues.

Vene^vek is fo called , becaufe it is built vpon a plaine Rock , in the Waters of a
Lake. The women of this Countrey paint their breaftj and armes : all the reft of their
bodie is naked, except their priuie parts. The Maides are knownc by their colour,and
greatneffe of their girdle. The men carrie their members in a {hell. There arc many
filthic Sodomites. They pray to Idols, and to the I>euill , whom they paint infuch
forme as he appearcth to them. They paint their bodies Jn this fort. He that hath kil-
led oneenemie in the Warres^paints one of his armes ; the fccbnd time his breaft ; and
when he hath killed a third, he painteth aline from his eyes to his care? : and this is his
Knight-hood. Their Priefts are their Phyficians, who being fentforbyafickeman,
askc the Patient, if he beleeue that they can hclpe him ; and then lay their hands vpon
the place where they fay their paines are : it he recouer not, they put the fault in him.or
in theirGods. They lament their dead Lords in fongs in the night time.made of their
prailcs : that done, they roftcthcm ata fire, and beating them to poulder,drinke them
in wjne.making their bowells their Lords Sepulchres. In Zonpaciay they buric their
Lords with much Gold, lewells, and Pearlei , and fet vpon the graue foure flicks in a
fquarc, within which they hang his weapons, and many viands to eate.

From the Cape VeU , the fpace of two thoufand mile* alongft the Coaft , is the
fidiing for Pearles, difcouered by ^hriflephtr Celumbw, in the yeare 1498. which fai-
led all along this Coaft. In f Curiana they rcceiued the Spaniards with great ioy, f ?.M.Tiee.i.
and for Pinn? $ , Needles , Bells , Glaffes, and fuch trifles, gaue them many ftrings of lib.i.
Pcarlcs:forfourcPiDncsthcywouIdgiu«aPeacocke; fortwo, a Phefam ; for one, <''»mar.c.y^.

a Turtle- "'•"'»•



824 OfCumana, Chap,2.

a Turtlc-Doue : And when they asked.What they ftiouid doe with this new Merchan-
dife of Pinncs and Needles, feeing they were naked ? they ftiewed them the vfe to pick
their tcethj and to pick out thornes in their feet. Thefe Indians had Rings of oold,and
lewells made with Pearles, after the formes of Birds, Fiflies,and Beafts :They had al-
fo the Touch- flone for their Mettall, and Weights to weigh the fame , things not elfe-
where found in India, They make their teeth white with an hcarbe, which all the day
they chew in their raouthcs.



C H A r. 1 1.

O/^ C V M A N A.

a Gom.c.y6, ^ - ^^c^ Vmana is a Prouince named of a Riucr, called Cumana , » where ccr-
'Y^^^^^ mneFrancifcans, ^«»o i5id.builtthem aMonadcrie, andtheSpa-
W. tr®^^ niards were very diligent in the fifliing for Pearles. About ''that time

b P.M.Dic.y. ^\. f^^M^ three Dominicans went fourefcore rriles Weft from thence to preach

''^■'*" ^®^^^^ theGofpell, and were eaten of the Indians, which hindered not, buc

others of the fame Order founded them a Monaftcrie in Ciribici,ncare
Maracapana, Both thefe Orders tooke paincs with the Indians to conucrt them , and
taughttheirchildren to write and reade, andtoanfwcic&tMafle, and the Spaniards
were fo rcfpedled , that they might fafcly W3lk*e alone through all the Countrey : but
after two yeares andahalfc, the Indians, whether for their toon/uchjmploimcntiri
thePearle-fifhing,or for other caufe,rebelled,and killed a hundred Spaniards, flue the
Friers, one ofwhich was then faying Mafle, and as many Indians as they found with
them ; which the Spaniards oi Domingo foonc after rcitcnged.

c Gom.c,^i. The lofle <= of Cumana hindered their Trade for Pearles at Cubagua, and there-

fore the King fent lames Cafidion to fubdue them by force : w hich he did , and bcgannc

(ubuua. ^^^ Plantation of New Caliz, for the Spaniards to inhabite there. Cubagua was

called by Columbus , the Find, r , the Ifland of Pearles , fituate in tvvelue degrees and
a halfc of Northerly Latitude, and containes twclue miles in circuit. This little Ifland
is exceeding great in commoditie , that accrewcth by thofe Pearles , which hath a-
mounted to diuers millions of gold. They fetch their Wood from Margarita, an
Ifland foure miles to the North; and their Water from Cumana, which is two and
twcntie miles thence: they haue a Spring of mcdicinall Water there in the Ifland.
The Sea there, at certainc times ofthe yeare, is very redde, which thofe Pearlc-oyflers
by fomcnaturall purgation are faid to caufe. There areFfheSjOr Sc3-monfters,which
from the m'ddle vpwards refemble men, with Beards: Haire, and Armes. The ■> peo-

d Cap.^9. pl^ of Cumana goe naked , couering only their fliame. AtFcaftsandDauncesthey

paint themfelucs, orclfeannoint thcniiclucs with a certaineGumme, in which they
f.icke Feathers of many colours. They cut their haire aboue theEarcs, and will not
fuffer it to grow on any places of their bodies , efleeming a bearded man a Bcaft :
They take great paines to maketheirteethblacke,and account them women, vvhich
haue them white. They blacke them with the poulder of the leaues of a ccrtaine Tree
called (7^7; thefe leaues they chew, after they are fiftecne yeares old; they mixc that
poulder with another of a kindc of Wood , and with Chalke of white fliclls burned,
in manner as the Eafterne Indians vf. their "Btrf/^ and e^/'fcc^, with Chalke of Oy-
fiers : and this mixture they bcarc continually in their mouthe's, flill chewing it , that
their teeth are 38 blacke as coales, and fo continue to their death. They kcepcitin
Baskets and Boxes , and fell it in the Markets to fome, which come farrc for it, for
Gold, Slaues, Cotton, and other Merchandife. This kcepeth ihem from paine, and
rotting ofthe teeth. The Maides goe naked , onely they binde certaine bands hard a-
bout their knees , to make their hippes and thighes fceme thick , which they efteemc
no fmall beautie. The married Women liuehoncftly, or eli'c their husbands will di-
uorccthem. The chiefe men haue as many Wiucs as they will; and, if any Stran-
ger come to lodge in one of iheir houfcs , they make the faireft his Bed-fellow :

Thefe



Chai'.2. AMHRIGA. The ninth 'Booke- Sz$



Thcfe alfo (hut vp their Daughters two ycarcs before they marrie them, all v\ hich time
thevf-oe no; toith, nor cut their hairc; After which, there is made agrcatFeaft, and
very many bidden , which bring their varietie of cheare , and alfo wood to make the
new Spoufea houfe : A man cuts offtheBridegroomes hai re before, and a woman the
Brides, and then they eate and drinkc , with much cxcefle, till night. This is the law-
full wife , and the other which they matrie afterwards , obey this. They giuc their
Spoufes to be deflourcd to their Piaces, (fo they call their Pric As) which thefe reuerend



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 160 of 181)