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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 166 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 166 of 181)
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fla'-u-^e, ^nd ot a fourth which were Giants, ten or cicuen foot high , which v\3rrcd vp-
on the former.

SebaltdeWjert being detayiied fiue moneths in the Straits by feule weather, fenthis
men to fifh ior their prouifion (which<:xceedingly failed them) who there were fudden-
]y aflailed by feueti Caneas of Giants^ which they guelled to be fo hi"h as is mentioned :
v» ho being put to flight by their Peeces, fled to land, and plucked vp Trees, in therr rude
maner barricadoing and fortifying thcmfeiues againlt the further purfuit of tli;. Hollan-
der', who were no leffc glad that they were rid of fuch company.

Thefc men, both Giants and others, went either wholly naked, or fo clothed, as they
feemed not to dread the cold, which is yet there (o violent, that befides the Mountain-
tops, alway coueied with Snow,their very Surr mcrs.in the middefl thereof, freech them
rot from Ice. Yea, at that time of the yecrethofe Hollanders encountered aniflandof
Ice in the Sea , which the cold Ayre had there mounted and maintained in dcfpight of
Jieftmes rage, or the Sunnes volley offliot, in bis neereft approach. The Trees in thefc
parts, and the men (it feeraeth ) are naturally fortified agaioft thofe Colds ; the one (a*
i$raid)alwaies in manner naked ; the other alwaies clothed, out-brauing the Winters
violence in their Summer-like Greene Liucry, fecmiiig to floup vnder the burthen of
continuall Frofls and Sno wcs, and in a natural wifdome cloth tbcmfelue5,and hold their
Icauesthefurer.

Thofe G.antlytncn ^zbovuVonDefire, when they die, are brought to the Chffes, kr/Af^^i/Ii.
and there buried, with theirBowes j Arrowet, Darts, and all their (almcft no) fub-
fiance. Mafler iCw^ffwritcth that hec faw footings atPort Df/?rtf asbiggeas fouie Jtf.AKniuet,
of oures : rnd two men newly buried , one of which was fourteene fpans long .
Hec alio faw one Brajil^ taken by Aienfo Dtas a Spaniard , being fay foulc weather

Dcidd dtiuea



26i OftheQ{fuerof<Flate,((src: Chap. 6,

driuenoutofSaint/«//4w,whichwasayongmanandyetabouc thirteene fpaos liigh.
They goe naked and arc fairc and well proportioned. At Port famin in the (liaights^
Hefayth, they faw lomedwarfifh Ssuagcs, not abouc fiuc or fixe fpanncs high, which
were thicke and ftrong, with wide mouths ( almoft to the cares) they eate their mestc a
little fcorchcd, bcfmearing their faces andbreartes with the blood runningout of their
mouthes ; they lay ysng feathers to this blouc),which glues them to their bodies. Foure
orfiiiethoufand traded with them at the Poles end. The coid is fo extreme thai Henrie
5/?rrrf«f//bec3mc bald therewith, fo continuing a ycarc or two. One H^^rmaGoId-
fmith blowing his frozen nofe.cafl it with his fingers into the fire: and our Auchour
himfelfe going on fliorc, and returning wet on his feet, the next morning pulled off his
toes together with his Hockins from his benummcd feete y which were as blacke as foot
without feeling, and were after cured with words or charmes, Euery day feme died of
cold. They faw there a kinde of beafl bigger thenaHorfe, with eares aboue a fpannc
long, anda tailelikc a Cow, called Tapctywcfon : hce faw the like in Manicongo.
The Saaages about the Straits feed(as both the fame Author and the HojJandcrs report)
on rawFlefhandotherfilthie food.and are Man-eaters.

It is no fmall credit to our Nation and Nauigation, that thefc Straits haue more en-
larged themfclues, and giucnoftner and frcerpiffagc to vs then to any other. Dra^e
aSeejf«^.;».j. a fwammc through; ^»/irrboih pafled and returned; and fo did C^ir^irrm thePinncffc
as before if 'aid, C(«»^//^ paflcd , but returned (as Dr;?;i^ had done) ^bout the World in
his Circuit. TheD<r/«^^f of Bidolcntred thrm, and with finail delight Ipcnt fix weeks
in them ; and Captaine Dilutes, companion of MiHer Candtjh in his laH Voyage , three
times cntred the South Sea, wh.ch three times forced him backe mto the Embracing
Atmes of the vntruHie Straits. Some othrrs hauf attempted, but not attained them , as
Fefftonand Pf^ard, and the Voyage fet forth in tie yeare of our Lord a thoufand fiue
hundrrd eightie fix by the Earle ot Cumberland.The Land on Larbord fide (faith Sir R.
H/fppkins)h wiihouc doubt Ila id-,low,randie,broken:on Starbcrd is very mountainous,
the lower Mountiines whereof,aithough tbeybce forthcir height wonderfully yct^as
Wehanefaid ofthedififeringftaturesofthemcn) they haucroorcGii tly ouer-lookeri,
withS lowielockesandCloudiclookes; betweencthem may bee numbrcd three Re-
gionsof Cioudes. Thel'e Straits are foure (core and tenneb Leagues through, of vne-
b Htrm hath qua'breadth, in ih" narroweft place a league ouer. The mouth is in two and50.degree5,
iio,/<ci»/?afaith3n«*i - '^rasSir/?. flaivktns oblcrued'in ji.jo. His compar.ie killed a thouf:nd Pen-
loo. oi which gtiins a diy:this is a foule like a Goofc hauing no feathers on their bodies but D jwne: it
7o.the Nonh f.^„ .,(, t fl ^^Sli vvil run as faft ai moH men.fecds on fifh ^nd graflfe,and harbors in berries,
andfh-'^'s^' "h Sea'fs arc ma y in thefe parts, which will fail dead with a blow on the Inout ( fomc af-
Scajo'/.'.tr. firme the fame of the Crocodile) otherwife notcafily perced with a Iword, or fearing a
c S.Kt.H'iw^im'. Muskf t-ftiot. He faj th they are like Lyons, that they (leepe on Land and haue eucr one
d iff/ie^ra^. {o watch : which is alio reported of the Morfc. He addeth of the Cinoes of the Sauages
there, that they are made artificiallyoftindcsoftreesfowed together withfinncsof
VVhalfSjfharpat both endsand turning vp.
Karrat vutC When thrfe Strats were firfl difcouered , »hey named them the Strait of yictarie^e-

rortoghe/eap. ^jufcihe Ship called the vidoriefirlt defcried them; (anamc fitly afcribed both to the
° Straits and Ship, the one firfl obtaining the m^ri le vic^orie and encomp3(riiig the com-

pafle of the earth , the other flill remaining the only kno wne paffagc, whereby thit Sea-
viftariecan be atchieued. But the name foonc pafledfrom thcShip tothcGcnerall, of
who.i) Hill it is called the Strait of <J^agagUanes, or Magellan.

Th- Voyage of Sir fr^w^ffo vexed the SpiniardJ, that bee fent 'Pedro Sarmie»t$
to inhabit there, that hce might prohibirc other Nations to pafle that wayibut Tempcft
an 1 Famine hating the Spanifliinfolence, whofe ambitious defignes alway aimed ata
7/wy//r-«, brou'htthtmtoa P/wt/Zfr^ indeed, furtherthtn eucr they had defigncd;
dmetfeo! the Ships ('which at firfl were t^ree and twentie, with thtce thoufand fiue
hundred men) peri(>iii)g in the dtuouring iawesof the Ocean , and others in tlieir felfe-
deuour n;^Mawc5 of Hunger, which eat themvp with not eating. TheNameoflefutf
and Philips C;f>e,werc their two newly eretftcd Colonies, peop'ed With tonre hundred
mcu and thittic women, which by Fanainc were brought to three and twentie pcrfons,

whcA



.....J



CHAP.y. AMERICA. The ninth 'Booke' 863

when Maftcr C^niltJJj tocke Hernando one ofthat companic, in his profpcrous Voyage;
another P, who hadmaintiined himfelfeby his Pccce, andliueti in ahoiifealonealoiig ^^w.sMugoihs
time , wast3kcn,bythc Z>e%^f ofBriflol, twoycares after. ThcEnglifligauc a name ap-Hal^.
fitti'ig rottiisdiiircficd Citir, calling it Port Famine.

TiielaO Voya;^corMafter^<?»^«y^proucdvnfortunatcboth in the loflc of himfclfe,
and many men : the bhcke Pinnace was loft in the South Sea ; the Defire rcturncd,but
jcftduierfeothcrmen, furprifed ( as was 1 thought) anddeuoured by tiie Ssuagcs, qifl6«/j;7(>,
nccretoPartDf/Tr^. The Sauages here prcfenced thcmfclucs , throwing duft in the
Ayre, leaping &c. and eyt her had Viziards on their faces, like Dogges faces, or cifc their
faces were Dogges faces indecde.

I hauc fecnc a Coppie " of a difcourfc written by Mafter Candtjh himfelfc to Sir Tri- yfp, h^.
ftram Gorges^ wlofJi he msde fole executor of his lafl will : wherein hee thus affirmcth ;
therunnmqavcayoftheJ'^tlLnneDaHis vtu the death of mee anddecaj of the trhc/e aSion^
findhis only trecherieinruyiningfroMmee,thevtterruineofall. He cotnplainesalfo of mu-
tinies, and that by South WefJ.snd Weft South Weft windes, hee was driuen froRi fhore
foure hundred leagues, and from fiftie to fortic degrees, that hewastjken with winter
andnormesiii tiieftraits, andfuchfroflsand fnowesinMsy as he ncucr faw the like, fo
that in feuen or cightdaies fortic dyed and fcucntie fickocd. Dames in the Defire and hJS
Pinneflc left him in fortie feuen. The Ro-bucke kept with him to thirtie fixe. Captaine
^rfrj(^fr tranfgrefTing his directions, was fainc withfiue and twentiemenon Land, and
the Boat loft, and foone after twentie fiue others followed the like fortunes : ten others
by the cowardife of the mafter in the Ro-bucke forfakcn at Spirito Sanfto , which flo'e
away with fixe moncthesviiSuals for a hundred and twentie perfons, they being but
fortie fixe. h^Sebafiinns hapned another murinieby treacherie of anlriflbman, (here
Mafter Kniuet and other ficke perfons werefeton fliore. ) Intending againc for the
Straits.he beat and was beaten vp and downe the frowning Seas , and came within two
leagues ofSaint£/f»^,but could not attaine it; and profeffeth hee had rather haue put
himfelfe on an Iland,if he could haue found one which the Charts ^hct in eight degrees,
■ then rcturne : and now was fcarfe able to hold a pen when he wrote this. He died home-
wards. Since that. Sir ^ckard Hawkins fince that psflcd the Straits into theSoutii
Sea, of which his Voyage I haue read a long dilcourfe written by himfclfe. He fell into
the hands of the Spaniards which tooke him in the South Sea.




Chap. VII.
of "terra jinjiralis and chili,

S for the Land on the Southcrne fidcof tiie Straits , it is called >• the
Land of F/V(r,eytherbccaufe thcDifccurrers faw fire there aboutSjOr be- ^ " ""'
caufe that cold Climate fo rr uch needeth fire. More Eaflcrly agsinfl the
Cape of Good Hope, is the Land 7>rr;j^«?^/i^4. This Land about the
Straits is not perfedly difcouered , whether it be Continent, or Hands.
Some take it for Continent,and extend it more in their imagination then
any tnanj experience , towardcsthofc Hands of .y^z/owow and NcvrGuinnec,eftecming
(of which there is great probilitie) that Terra Au^ralis , or the Seuthcrnc Continent, ,
may,for the largenes thercof,take vp a fifth place in order,and the firft in greatnefli:,in the
Diuifion and parting of the whole World.

Mal^r ^nrrfTfWour learned Countriman, (as is before obfetued)perfwadethhim- Enquiriesof
felfcthatit is as large as theEafterne ContiDent,which containeth Europe, Africa, and {.*"S- ^n** ^^'
Afia altogether. His rcafons are, that touching latitude it is knowne to approach nccre, S- 4.i4.
if not on this fide) the e/£quator ; and touching Longitude to runnc a long in aconti-
nuall circuit about the Earth, fronting both the other continents. Another reafon.which
he deemeth of more ccrtainc importance, is this ; that the Land to the North fide of the
Line in the other Continents of the Oldc and New Word, is at leafl fourc times as large

Dddd 2 s»



864



Of Terra JuflraliSy and Chill. Ch kv.j.



»not.pt,t.x.

v»l.z.



b P.VerJe
/tuftralU Incog-



as that part of them which lieth to the South. Now forafmuch as the face of the Seaisi
leuell (fo hec argueth; being therefore called ty£e}uer & Aqua ; and fecoiidly, the
carthbcingequallypoifedonbothfidcsofherowneCenterjand thirdly this Center
being but one to the water, and the earth, euen no other then the Center of the world:
ic followeth thervpon thatthe earth fhould in anfwerable meafiire and proportion life
h fclfc and appcare abouc the face ofthe Sea on the South fide of the line, as it doth on
the North. And confeqnently, that what is wanting in the South partes of the other
Continents towards the counteruailing ofthe North parts (which is about three fiue
parts of both the other Coniinents laicd togethcr)muH of necelTitie be fupplied in this
Continent of the South.

L»ftzVaz,wnitx!ti y TbatthcGouernours which the Kingof Spaine fendethfor
Peru and New Spaine, hauc a cuftome to difcouer New Countries. The Licentiate Ca-
ftro being Gouernour of Peru, fent forth a Fleet from Lima ; which fayling eight hun-
dred Leagues Weftward, found ccrtaine Hands in elcuen degrees to the South of the
Equinoftiall, with a kinde of people of yellowidi complexion , and all naked. Here
they found Hogges, Dogges, Henncs, Cloues, Ginger, Cinnamon, and (bme Golde.
The firft Hand they named Iz^abella, the greateft GHadalcanal , on the Coaft whereof
they fayled a hundred and fiftie Leagucs,where they tooke aTowne, and fome graines
of Golde hanged vp in the houfes. They burnt their Townc, becaufe they had in a fud-
dainc furprife killed fourteene of their men. They fpent fourtecne moncthes in
thisDifcoucrie , and named them the Hands of Saltmon, i\\ii by that name, men might
be further induced to difcouer and inhabit them , imagining, ihut SaUmon had his
Gold from thence.

l^Hit » Guinea was difcouered by ytSalohs, fent from New S pain in the yearc 1 54 j
going to difcouer the Moluccas. Tf^r^r-* fay th it was difcouered by Alaara of Saane~
drA AttHo a thoufand fiue hundred twenty feuen:and the Hands ofSalenton in the ycare
a thoufand fiue hundred fixtie feuen by Lofe Garcia of Cajlro , which are many and
great, but eightenc principall;fomeof them three hundred Leagues in compa{fc. 2. of
200. others of 1 00. and of fiftie and leflc : the Inhabitants , fome blatkc, fome white,
fome brownc : the greateft, named Saint Ifahel 1 50. leagues in length, and cightecne
in breadth : Saint Nicholas a hundred leagues in compaffe. The Inhabitants are blackc
of hue and wittie.The Spaniards hauc coafkd jt feuen hundred leagues , and yet can>
not tcl whether it be an He or Continent.

Heff'elnis (jtrardpu hath largely fet fo: th the Petition or Mcmoriall of ^ Vettr Ferdi-
nandtx, de^ir, vnto the King of Spaine, about his Difcoucrie of thofc Southemc vn-
knowne Hands, for the Plantation ofthe fame. Ihauefince fecne this his Supplicati-
on to the King in Spanidi, with other memorials « thereof, wherein hce fay sh that hec
was fent with two {Kips to difcouer the Hands of Salomon^ and taking his courfc about
theheight ofthe Magellan ftraits, difcouered a maine Land, and failed eight hundred
Leagues on the Coaft, til he came in 1 5. degrees Southward from the Line,where hee
found a fruitfull Countrie.Hc difcouered a bay, into which fall two great RiuerS,where'
they purpofe to fettle a Plantation. Order was taken that he flioulo prefently bee fent
from Peru with coramiflion to take vp twcluc hundred men , with fliipping and other
ncceffaries and as many the yeare after out of New Spaine. Hee found out three and
iwcntic Hands, two hundred and thirtie Leagues from Mexico; Taumaco, Chicayma
(where are great Oyflcrs with Pcarles) Guaytopo (thepeople whereofare as white as
thcSpaniards)Tucopio, FonofQno,&c. They pray to :he Deuill, which hathconfc-
rcnce with an hidian vnfeenc, from a pcece of wood; and to him and all the reft many
times by night, he toucheth the face and breaft with cold touches, but they could ne-
uer learne what he was. He foretold of the Spaniards comming.

'X\\\%^idroV*rna»dez.de ^ires fourteene ycares bufied himfelfetono fmall en-
damagement of his State and Pcrfon about this Difcoucrie. The length thereof hee e-
qualleth ynto all Europe, and as much of Afia,as thence extendeth to the Cafpian Sea: .
and for the wealth and riches he cals it a TcrreftriallParadife. The inhabitants , hec
afiirmeth are innumerable, fome white, fome like the Mulatos and fome othcrwifc, in

colour



C K A p,7 • AMERICA. The ninth 'Booke.



865



a Mercuntti

'Bniamicws^



colour and habite of bodie diuerfified. They neither hauc King nor Lawes, nor Arts.
They are diuidcd and warre one vpon another, with Bowes, Arrowes , andothcr wea-
pons, all of Wood, They haue their Oratories and places of Buriall. Their bread :s
made of three forts of rootcs. They hauc varietie offruites , Cocos, Alinons of fourc
forts, Pome-citrons, Apples, Dates : there are atfo Swine, Goats, HenncsPartriches,
and other Fo vvle<; and as the Indians report Kine, and BufFals. Hee faw amongfl them
Siluer and pearles, others added Gold: and the Coaft Countries feemed to promife
great wealth within Land : Many Riuers:Sugar Canes, Bayes , Hauens , and other
commodities of Lands and Seaj,making fhew of another China,the Aire very holfome
and temperate.

He tookcpofleflTion thcreofin the name oftheKing,andfetvp a Croffe and a Chap-
pell, in the name ofthe Ladie of Loretto. Thefe Regions trend euen as high as theE-
quinodtiall. When this difcoucrie was made he mentioneih not; only hcc fueth to the
King for employment thcrin. It is rightly called7«rr^-,4«/?/-<!fo7«CiJ^»;frf,and therefore
1 will not take vpon me to be your guide: in aiwther fenfe one > of our Countrie-men
hath wittily and learnedly(according to his wont) defcribed this Contrie , and paral-
lelled therewith the Countries of Europe, and hath let vs fee that wee are acquainted
in thofc Coaft - too much, and need no Pilot or guide to conducSl vs.

Butictvscomebacke to ourStreitsofMagellan, that wee may coafl from thence
and vifitthe Countries of Chili and Peru :for ofthe Wefternc borders ofChica girt
in betweene the fait wanes and cold Hils, little can be faid fitting our purpofe,

Hauing fayled out ofthe Straits, wee hauc a wide Sea before vs , and on oar right
hand the Countrie is fo barren and cold, that I would not hold the Reader in any colde
or tedious Narration thereof. IchnSIlis which was with Sir Richard H^rrl^Ks in his
South-Sea Voyage, rcporteih, that being paft the Straits, they layled Norih-Weft and
by North fortic leagues into the Sea, and then due North till they came at Mocha m
58. ; o.and thence held their courfc Northerly to Saint Claries in thirtie fix and fo to
f^A/T-^r^/Ii in thirtie three. Whcrethey made good purchaie and ptife , if they could
haue kept it. From hence they came as farre as Arecca in two and twentie and fo paf-
fed the line to Tacame where they were taken. But our trauel mull be by Land (as was
theirs after againft their wii) where we firft encounter with Chili.Thisuamc ^ fome ex-
tend euen to thcScraits.where we haue placed Chica & the Patagones, 'others ftraiten
it in (Tiortcr bounds; betweene Chica on the South; Charcbas and Collao, on the
North ; Plata , on the Eaft ; and the Sea en the Weft : it is called Chili of the chilling
cold, for fo the word is faid to fignifie. The Hils with their high lookes,cold blafts^and
couetous e-crochings , driucitalmoft into the Sea .-only a narrow valley vpon low-
ly fubmiflion to her fwelling aduerfaries, obtaineth room '^ for fiue and twenty leagues
ofbreath (where it is moft to extend her fpacious lengthof two hundred Leagues on
that fhore rand to withftand the Oceans furie , fliee paies a large Tribute of many
flreames, whith yet in the « night tirre fhe can f hardly performe ; the miferable Hils in



their Fr(?j:,(r»charitie,not imparting that naturallbountie and dutie till that great Arbi
ter the Sunne arifeth.and fendcth day with his light-horfe-troupe of Sunne-beames,to
breake vp thofc kie Dungeons and Snowie Turrets, wherein Night , the Mountaines
Gaoler, had locked the innocent Waters. Once, the poote Valley is fo hampered be-
twixt the Tyrannicall Meteors and Elements, as that fhee often squaketh withfcarc,
and in thefe chill Feuers fhaketh off and loofeth her beft ornaments.

-^r^.j^wz/i^honeof hcrfaircftTownes, by fuch difafter inthcycare one thoufand
fiue hundred fourefcore and two, fel to the ground. And fometimes the neighbour hils
are infefted with this peftilcnt Feuer, and tumble do wne as dead in theplaine, thereby
fo amazing the fearefullRiuers, that theyrunne quite out of their Channels to feeke
new, or ellc ftand ftill with wonder; and the motiuc heat failing , fall into an vncouth
tympanie, their bellies fwelling into fpacious and ftanding Lakes: the tides feeing this,
hold backe their courfe, and dare not approach their fometime-bcloued flreames by
diuers miles diftance,fo that betwixt thefe two ftooles the fliipc»»7tffff^rw«^indced.
The ficke earth thus hauing her mouth flopped , and her ftomackc oucr-Iaied, forceth
new mouths whence (he vomitethftrcamesofopprefling waters.

Dddd^ ' Ifpeakc



b Botero.

c G.Sns.l.i.e.^



d Lop.Va\,



c t ApollM.
hi(l Periil.t.
f TheRiuers
of Chili in the
night time
frozen.

g Earthquakes
in Chili, and
their effefts.
h Some reckon
this Towne to
Peru. It was
vexed with
Earthquakes.



S66



Of Terra Jujlralis, and Chili. Ch a p.y.



a^f9J!X3,f.9.



b t.AptUoH.

cItif/tediSUua.
dOliuJeNotrt.



e Adams & the
Dutch Fleet
loft oiiny of
their men in
fight with the
Indians 1^08.
about S.Harie.

fOlm.de Naort.



Ifpcakenotofihebcaftcs and men which in thefcCiuillwarrcs of Nature muft
ncedcsbcefubie6ltodeuouringmiferie.' Thefe arctheflrangc efFccftsof coldeand
Earth-quakes , not ftrange ; in Chili , where wee are now arriued. The peo-
ple are fierce and crucll , and forae (as is reported) Gyants. *yilmagro one of the firft
Conquerours of Peru in hope of Gold, paflcd from thence hither : but was decciucd
by the Indians which led him the wrong way. In pafling the Defcrts of Chili, the Aiic
is fo piercing as before is obferued) a that men fill downe dead, or clfe loofe their
members fuddenly, in manner without feeling. Jerome ^#/?//ij the Generall, one of
tAcoflas acquaintance isad loft three or foure Toes which fell off without any paine :
manyof his Armie'dyed,whofe bodies at his returnc hee found lying there without
ftinke or corruption, and one Boy remained aliue which had maintained himfelfc by
eating horfe-flefli.

The Horfcs alfo were found whole as Afollomtu ^ wrltcth , and the men fitting on
them,as if iheyhadbccnealiuCjWiththc Bridles inthcir hand. In fixe and thirlic de-
grees in that famous yalley of Arauco, which defend their petfons and freedome,iTiau-
gre all the force and furie of the Spaniards. 'Thefe killed two of Sir Francis "Drakes
men, and wounded himfelfe : they deftroyed a\fo three and twcntie Hollanders of the
companie of Cerdei : both which they did in deteftation of the ^ Spaniardes, of whom
they efteemcd the Englifli and Dutch, becaufe of their apparell. They haue deftroyed
many of the Spaniards-they took the Citie Baldiuia in the yeare one thoufand fiue hun-
dred-ninetie nine, and flew the Spaniards. Twice before, ifnotoftncr, they had burnt
and fpoiledit.Yca'S^/c/iwM himielfethe firft Conqucrour oiChiU,(Jor Almagro flayed
not) and of whom that Citie receiucd name, was taken by thcle Indians, hisHorfc
being flainc vndet him. They bid him feare nothing, he ftionld haue Gold cnoughrand
making a great banquet for him , brought in the laft feruice,which wasa Cupfull of
molten Gold, which they forced him to drinkc, faying; Nowght thy felfe with Gelde.
This B<«/i/>«w had encrcd Chili with fcure hundred Horfe , and cafily conquered that
part which had bcencfubieft to the Kings of Peru: but the other which was the
richer part held out. The Spaniards fent them word they were the fonncs of God, and
came to teach them the word of God; and if they would not yeeld to them,they would
{hoot fireamongthem. The Indianswouldtriethis argument in the field, and there
the great Ordnance fo well pleaded the caufe, that they belceued and fubic(3ed them-
fclues.The S^^aniards cnployed them in the Mines, whence they gathered fuchplentie
ofGold that others had twcntie thoufand, but'SaldiuM himfeife had ihrcc hundred
thoufand Pezos by theycarc.

The Indians after, perceiuing the Spaniards to bee but mortall men, rebelled : and
whereas they tjad vied to carrie grafle into the Fort for the Spaniards Horfes, they con-
ucied, in the l"ime,wc3pons,by which meanes,beinga(Iiftcd of their fellowes without,
they wonHe the Fort, and when Baldiuia would haue recouercd it, hee loft himfeife as
you haue heard.

Eucr fincce , this hoftilitie had continued , and the Araucans are the lifts and barrcs
to the SpanifliConquefts. Their Countrie, (to confider Arauco by it felfe) is but fmal,
about twcntie leagues in length; ncyther could the Ingas or Kings of Peru conquer it:
their manner of warre is much like the Chriftians,in pitched battels placing their Bow-
men among their rankes of Pike-men.To fpeake ofotherTownes which theSpaniards
haue built in this Coaft, is not our purpofe: when they facked Baldiuia a thoufand fiue
hundred ninetic nine, they fcaftcd the Spaniards with the like golden Cuppcspowred
hot downe their throats ; they f cut of the Images heades , triumphing cucr the Spa-
niards Gods, as they termed them. They were then at the fiege of Imfjeriall, another



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 166 of 181)