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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 167 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 167 of 181)
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SpaniftiCiriCjhauingbeforetakenBaldiuia. They pulckeoutthe hcartes of the Spa-
niards which they kill, and drinkc in their fculs.



Chap.




Chap.8. AMERICA. The ninth Sookg'- Uy

Gha p. -VIII.

of the Cenquejl of Peru by the Spaniards , and of their
I Jngtt*sorEn>perours^

RancisTizarrt) * was the Baflard Sonne of 6'o«(r4//i?, aCaptaine in the a Gowtfr. c.i^^i
Kingdome of Nauarrc : he was borne at Trufiglio , and cxpofed ac the
Church doorc, andnoncbeingfound that would giue himthebreafl,
hec was noui iHied by fucking a Sow for certaine daics : at laft hif Fa-
ther acknowledged him , and when hec was growne , fct him to kccpc
his Swine, which being cnc day flrayed and loft , hee durft not returnc
homcforfearc, and therefore went to Siuill, and thence paffcd to the Indies. luthis
fwinifh education hee had not fo much as learned to rcade , Hee went to Vraua with
ytloftfo de Hoteda ; viii)nJaluoa,, to the Difcoucry of the South Sea ; and with Tedra^
rtasdeAmla, Goucrnour of Golden Caftle, to Panama. In this City ^ were diucrs bG<»».c.io8.
which aftcaed Golden Difcoueries. PedrariM'mtza'izd Nicaragua i hut D iego dt ^l- ien\eA'.i.c.u
magro, Hernando Lache , oi Luques , arichPricfl, and this P/^rfrro now growne rich, c^pU.u
agreed to ioync their purfes andbdHnduHry to fearch South-wards, where they had
heard was flore of wealth . They prouided a Nauie and twohiindcred and twenty
Sovi\A\irs,in^Almagro with Pifarro, in theyeere i J25,or {asBensjohzth it) i y 2 6.
let forward.

y4/Magro and he partingcorppany, Pifarre, ofFcring to land his men, was wounded
and forced to retire to Panama : ^/wii<«5r» in an other p!ace had better fuccefle, the In-
dians vfing him kindly.and giuing him three thoufand Ducats of Gold. But fceking to
land in that place oiPifarra's misfortune , hee was fct vpon by the Indians , and loft in
fight one of his eics.Thcy meet at Panama.and hauing cured their wounds,repairc their
forces, and with two hundered men and many flaucsjfct fayl?,and land in another place,
but are repelled to their fhips by the Inhabitants, and goe to Gorgon, a little Iland^ fix
miles from the Continent, where Ptfarrolhycd, while v4/«jrf^ro went backeforbetter
fupply. At his returne Ptcarro znd h;s Company were almoft ftafued, but being rcfre-
flicd, andalloftbemnow together attempting the Indian Qiore, were repelled with
lofTeto the lie, which they called Galii. ^/w^^^-oisagainefentbackc fornewaid, the
Souldiers would hauc pafled with him , and curfed this Land and their couctoufncfle.
Piforro and his company agree to fe?rch further, and hauing fayled fiue hundred miles,
cam? to Chira, a Prouince of Peru, and taking fome of the Inhabitanti to learne tbcm
the Spanifli tongue, returned to Tumbcz.

Hauing learned of the Indians the great wealth of tbofe parts.hefct one Peter a Can-
dian, on fhore, who was kindly entertayned of the Goucrnor, who fhcwed him a Tem-
ple dedicated to the Sun,whcrinwctc vnfpcakeable riches,which when he related to Pi.
farro at his returne, the Spaniards goe backc with thefe newcs to Panama. His two fcl-
lowes, yi'/w<?^rff, and the Pticll (called after, thefoolc, becaufehchad fpent hiscflate
on this bufincfl'e, and was after excluded by his companions) agreed with Pifarro to go
to Spaine to get licence for this conquefl,and borrowed one thoufand and fiue hundred
Ducats, to fct him forth. Ptz,arr0{cekes and obtaines this Faculty only for himfelfe,ne-
uer mentioning bis Partners , and with letters Pattcnts rcturneth to Panama with his
feurc Brethren, Hernando, Gontjilo, John, and Martin di Alcantara , his brother by the
mothers fide. His twoPartners were not a little grieued when they heard how things
paffcd, but after mach flirrc , Almagro and Pifarro became friends and aj^reed to com-
municate Purfes and Titles. Pifarro goes before with a hundered and fifty Souldiers
(taking order that Almagro Qiould follow withal the ftrength he could make)and lands
in Peru *, a Riuer fo called, which gaue name to thofc mighty and rich Prouinces , be- »p,y^ j, j.
caufe theSpaniardsby this way Difcoyered them. They went by land, enduringmuch called,
miferic by the way to Coachc where they were well refrcftied . But a difeafe worfe then
thcFrench Pox there warred vpon them , called Port. Yet did Pifarro hold on his re-
fffllmion ; be paffcd ouer to Puna J where the Goucrnourintrcatcd the Spaniards well.



868 Of the C^nquep of feruhjf the Spaniards y<^c. Chap,8^



tillthc abufing of their Wiucscaufcd the Indians totakearmcs, and fo made their ri-
ches become a prey to the preuailing Spaniards.

There had Ptfarro the firft intelligence oi tAtabalibn. The Gouernour of this Hand,
tofatisfiehisiealoufie, cutoffthenofes, the members, aadthearmes, of his Eunuchs
or Keepers of his Women. Pifarro fent to Tambez, fixe hundered prifoners , which the
Gouernour of this Hand had taken of the party of AtabaUha , who at that time main-
tayned Warreagainrt hisi Brother Cmfcar about the Soueraignety , and this Gouer-
nour had taken Gnafcars part , This ciuill diCcord was much to the Spaniards ad-



uantage.



c Gm.t.\\i. PtcArro « fent three Meflengcrs to tumbe^ to demand peace and fafe entrance, buc

/ipoU.i. they (notwithftanding the frecdomc of their Captiues) deliuercdthem to thcPrieftsto

Un.l-i-c.i- be facrificcd to their Idoll of the Sunne, He laktihTumbe^ and facketh the Temple and
Cittic.

From thence he proceeded in his way to Caixamalca : and ^«<!/f/«r fent fome vnto
him with great promifcs to demand his aide againft his brother Atabaltba : foone after
Atabaltba fent one to him, to charge him toreturnetohisfhips. Ptfarro iniYiciti\i,
Thathec came not to hurt any, but for their good, ashis Emperour hadgiucnhimin
charge, nor could hee now, (being the Embaffadour of the Pope and Emperour,
Lordsofthe World ) rcturnc without great diflionour before hehadfeenc hisRoyall
petfon, and communicated to him fuch infltu(Sion$ as might bee good for his body and
ioule.

As he paflld the Prouince of Chira, the Lords thereof prouoked him againft Ataba..
liba, who bad lately conquered their Countries . And on the Riuer of Chira he founded
theColonicof S. y^'cW/, for the fafe keeping of his fpoiles , andfor hisfliips. Hee
marchcth onto Caximalca^ and fendeth Mcflcngers on horfc-backc, to giuc him notice
of his comming. This flrangc beafl made the Indians afraid, but Atabaltba was nothing
moued thWcwith, moremouedtofce thofe bearded mengiue him fo little reucrcnce.
jitabaliba icnt Pi<>arro a paireof (hoocs,cutandgi!ded, that (ashepreter.ded) hee
might know him : others thought, that he might be knownc and defigned to imprifon-
mcnt or {laughter.

The next day the King was carried , as in folemnctriumph , vpon mens fhouldcrs,
garded with fiue and twenty thoufand Indians in richponipc and magnificence. yt»-
centim de Valle-vindi, a Dominican Frier, holding in one hand a Crofli-, in the other his
Breuiarie,or(iis(omcf3y)a B.ble,C3mc before him v\iih great reuerence, and bl« fling
him with ihc Croffe, faid : Excellent Lord, it behoucth you to know. That Godm Ttini-
tieand Vnitic made the world o\ nothing, and formed a man oftheEarch, whom hee
called n^danLj ; of whom we all haue beginning . Adam finned againft his Creator by
difobedience, and in liimallhisPofterity, except Jeftu ChriH : who being (jo^, carne
downc fromHcauen, and tooke flcfli oftbe Virgine Marys and to redeeroe Mankinde,
died on a Cr^fle like to this (for which caufe we worCbip it;)rofc again the third day, 8c
after fortic daycs afcended into Heau( n, leauing for his Vicar in Earth Saint Peter, and
^(Tv!''h^P'v ^'* Succfffours , which we call Popes ; who haue f giuen to the raoft puiffant King of
accordinew Spaine, Emperour of the Romans, the Monarchy of the World . Obey the Pope, and
thciiullof/4- receiuethe Faith of Chri^l ; andif ycc fhall beleeueitmoftholy, and that moft falfe
/«We>- the vvhich yee haue, yecfliall doe well ; and know, that doing the contrary, we will make
fixt, which had ^jj q^i you, and will take away and breakc your Idols ; therefore leaue the deceiucable
fh«nc& Wc- Religion ofyour falfe Gods. Thi,Pteachingof the Fryer might well fccme ftrangeto
fterne World Atabaltba, which it feemes he learned of the Mahumetans, and not of the Apofiics. He
to the Spaniih anfwered, that he wasfree.and would not become tributary to any, nordidncknow-
Kings. The ledge any greater Lord then hirafelfe : and for the Emperour, "he could be pie afed tobe
^"ii"'*"!''^'^ the friend offo great a Prmce, and to know him: but for the Pope, he would not obey
of the*Lambe ^'™' ^^'^h gaue away that which was not his ownc, and tooke a Kingdome from him
ore the Pepiih whom he had neuerfeene: as for Religion, he liked well his owne, and neither would
weapons^ nor ought to call it in queflion, being fo ancient and ?pproucd, efpecially feeing Chrtfi

dyed, which ncucr befell the Sunneox Moene , and how (faith hee) docyouknow
that the God of the Chriftjans created the World ? Fryer Vincent anfwered.

That



Chap.8. AMERICA. The ninth <Booh' 86p

That his Bookc told it him, and gauc him bis Breuiarie. Atabahba, looked on it, and in
it, and faying, it faid no fuch thing to him, hurled it on the ground. The Fryer tookc ic
vp and went to Pi^arre, crying, he hath caft the Gofpeh to the ground, Rcuenge it, O
Chriflians, feeing they will not our fricndQiip, nor our Law : or to vie the w ords of a
SpanifliCaptainc there prefcnt in bis relation * thereof, come forth Chnftians , come KdJellacenq,
forth, and come to thcfe enemies, dogges that will not acccptthcthingscf God, and dd Pern ap.
the Cacique hath caft our holy law to the ground. Frutncefco di Xeres, who was Vicarros '^"f"- '^d. 3,
Secretary writeth tl at the Frier would haue opened the booke becaufc Atalpa/tl;/ could '^"'" '^''^'
nor, andheindifdainefmote himablow on thcarmc , and obic6^cd to the Spaniard*
the ir abufcs and robbing of his C-w^^^w.fayinghe would not depart thence till ail were
rcflored.

Pifarro commanded to bring forth the Standard and the Ordinance : the Horfcmen
in three Bands alTayled Jtalpaltl>aj people, and flew many : lie himfelfc arriucd with his
Foot-men, which layedabcut with their fwords : al! charged vpon -^^ulpahh, Qiying
them which carried him.whofe roomc was pre fently fupplie d by other, till at laft Pifarro
pulled him downe from his litter by the clothes , All this while not one Indian fought
becauretheyhadnocommandement,or,asXfrf/faitb, forfcareand amazement lofe?:
their Cacique I'o vfed, and therefore no Spaniard was flainc, and miny Indians perifhed
vpon thethrurt, forfo the Fryer had bidden them fight, forfeare of breaking their
fwords : neither were any wounded, but only Picarro by one of his owne, thruHing at
Atabdtha in his taking, and wounding Picarro tr ercvith in the arm?. Thus are the In-
dians chafed, their King with other gre.n (poiies rcmayning v\ ith the Spniardsjof which
'Xeres recVonetb 80000. Caflilians in gold and /coo. mark? s (euery marke being eight
bunces> in filuer of the houfhold plate oi jitabahba. And in Caxamalta they rifled hou-
fes full vp to the roofe of garment5,befides armour and weapons, of which fome were
Axes and Polc-axes of gold and iiluer.

Tl c next day the Spaniards fcoured about for (j3oiIc,and found fiue thoifand women
ofthe Kings with much treafure. Atabaltba was much greened with his imprifonmcnt
efptcially in regard of the chaine which they pnt vpon him.s And when they had fpent ^up.Vtt.
much reafoning about his ranfome, a Souldicr named Soto (ofwbom you hauc heard in
ourHifloryofFlorida)faidvntohim, wilt thojigiucvs this houfc full of gold and filuer
thus high*" ?lifting vp his fvvord and making a ftrokc vpon the vi3\..Atab(iliba anfwered, . - . ,

that if they would giue him liberty to fend into hi j Kingdome, he would fulfill their de- [hf Tw $ a
miind. Whereat the Spaniards muchmarueilinggauc him three Monihcs time, but bee great roomc,
bad filled the houfe in two monthes and ahalfe, a matter fcarfe credible, yet mofl true: and they made
Fori (Jiwh Lofe-^Vaz ) knowaboue twenty men that were there at that lipne, wheal! a line about it:
affirme that it was aboue ' ten Millions of gold and filuer. That Sparifli Captainc in Ra- " ^^^^^' °^
^mJiw rehieih , that he promifcd to giue them fo much gold asfhouldreare vp to that ^^innvlffc"*
inarke, a fpanhighcrthcn-itall man could reach, the roomc being zy.foot long and ly. &c.
•wide : andiheGoucrnour asking how much filuer hcc would gtue, hee anfwered hce i Gom. hath
would fill vp an inclofurc which fliould be made there with vefl!:lsofpIne, for his ran- i?'ooo-po"^s
fome, which was promifed him. This Captaine was appointed Guardian of that golden °l,}'"' ^"^
roome & faw it melted, and reckoneth vp the parcels and particulars that were brought oTgolL^'^^^
in veffels and plates of gold and fiiuer. And the Goucrnour fcntto the Empcrour his
fift part, and parted the reft, to euery * foot-man, 4800. peeces of Gold , ( which make »;^,y„ fajtj,
7208. duckets) to euery horfe-man twice as much, befidcs the aduantages that bclon- thevwcrcio:,
gedtoany: To -^//»<«5»w company ( which were 150. that came after the viflory) he fcotmcn,an<J
gauejyooo. pczos, and 2000. to the inhabitants of Saint yJ/zc/j^/. Many other "ifts he ^3* hor[emeii„
gauc to merchants and others : and yet aftet the Gouernor was gonc.thcre was brou"ht
more gold then that which hadbcenefhared. This alfo is affirmed byXfrwtbatten or
1 i.daics after Pi^arrs was gone,the Spaniards which had been fent to Cnfco brouoht as
much £;old (which was taken fromthewalsof aboiife, and roofe cfaTernpIe in Cnfco,
being plates often or 1 4 . poundweight a peece, &sother like)a$ amounted to two mil-
lions and a balfe, and being molten, proucdcne million 3 26539, pezosoffineoold:
and 5 16 10. markes of filuer. He addeth that AtAbalibn was by found of Trumpet freed
from his promifc, but was kcptfliUvnder guard for the Spaniards fecurity.

Hovvo



870



Of the Qonqueft of Teru hy the Spaniards, (j-c. Ch a p . 8.



aGow.f.iij.
b The fpan.
Capt.inftd/s"/-
cals him Cuf-
co.and faith he
promifed foure
times as much.



cHekcptCuf-

cowich tbirtic

thoufand In-

dian-

d They after

burnt him.



i'P.Xem&?.
SanUo.



Howbeit they killed him notvvithflanding, and in a night flrangled him. But God the
rightcousludge, feeing this villainous aft, fufFered norfccf thoic Spaniards to die by
t he courfe of Naiure, but brought them to euill and fliamefullends.

During the time of a/^r>t^^/«/'^^ a inriprironmcnrj hisCaptaines had taken his Bro-
ther(j«^yc<?rl^, who fpalie with Cspraine^SotUjand promifcd that if they would reflorc
him to his libcrtie and to bis Kingdome,he would fill vp the roome at Caximalca to the
roofe,which was thrice as much as e//r<?^<!//^<e had promifed; and added ihat bis Y^Z'
ibev G/tayyiacaf a on bis deathbed had commaundcd him to bee friend to the white and
bearded men, which (hould come and rule in thofe parts. Atahahba hearing of thefc
things, faincd himfclfe forrowful for thedcath of (juafiar, whom hee|raid^</^««^his
Capcaine had flainc ; this he did to trie how the Spaniards would take his death, which
when he fa w they little refpcdled, he fcnt and caufed him to be (laine indccde. This was
done in the ycare of our Lord God a thoufand fiue hundred thirtic three. He bad before
flaine another of his brcthcn and drunke in his skull, as bee had fworne to dcalc with
Atabalia,

Thelndians hereupon hid the Treafures of Gold, Siluer,andGemr:[ies, that were in
Cufcoand otherplaces, and had belonged lo GMaynacapa,v^\\\ch wcrefarre more then
cuercametotheSpaniards hands. Chtlkuchtma one of Atahaltbas chcefe Captaines,
which vifited him in his imprifonment with great rcuercncc (for he and the chiefe of his
companie laid burthens on their fhculders and fo entrcd into his prefence , Jifting vp
both his hands to the Sunnp, with thonkes to him for this fight of his Lord , and then
with much crouching kiffed his bands and feet) he toldc ihe Spaniards that ^</^«»*,
' another chcefeCaptainc had conucyed away thofe Treafures of ^ftajnacapaoxCufco
the cider, as bee cals him ; and bci"ig forced by torments of fire put to him, ^ confeffed
where Atahaltba had a Tent full of Plate and Treafure. The Spanilli Captaine which
reports this,faitb,th3t he faw agreat HoufefullofVcflels ofGold, and other pecces,(as
aShepheardand his Sheep all ofGold,as great as the lining) which were notfhareda-
mongft them : and bee faw cighteene hundred thoufand Pezos of the Emperours fifth
part, ouer and aboue that which 'Pifarroient by his brother, fo that both C<tfar and
Soldier were deceiucd. He heard AtabaUba fay,that in an Hand in a Riuer of ColIa5,was
avery great houfc all couered with Golde, and thebeames withall whatfoeuerin the
houfe was couered with plates of Gold, yea and thepaucment alfo. But in fucb a diui-
ded ftate, where were fo many Indian Captaines of the two brethren.

7»^«^, tiic Spaniards being but a handfull and ieaious of each other, the Countrie
bcino fo wide and rich, that they could not fo muchssfeeand take view of the fame in
fliortfpacc; their was cafi°opportunitie offered to conuey away the gtcateft part of
their Treafures ; efpecially Religion adding a helping hand both to conuey and to con-
cealc from them,which thus fpoiled their Temples, Idols, and A'tars. The Spaniards fo
abounded with Gold, that they would giuc « a thoufand and three hundred, ('one gauc
fifteene hundred) Cafllins or Pczos for a Horfe, threefcore for a fmall rundict ot Wine,
fortie for a paireofflioocs,likewife a fword, and other things after the fame rate: and
dcbtersfbughtouttlieircrcditours with Indians laden with Gold from houfctohoufc
to pay them : they carried into Spaine one Veflellof Gold, another of Siluer,e3chfufli
ficient wherein to boileaCow,befides a huge Eagle , and otherlike lmagcs,asanl-
dollofGoldasbiggeasachildeof foure yeares oldc .Drummesof Gold.andatthe
conquefl of Q\i{co,Xeres tcls of many Images of women of Goldc, and as great, which
they worfliipped, and diucrs like of Siiuer, Sheep alfo in like portrature, of fine Golde;
all well wrought.

Thequarrellbetweenethctwo brethren grew about their inheritance; Gnafcar fuc-
cecding his Father in the rcf^, and ^ito being afligned to Atabaltba , who feizing on
Tumebamba,arichProuince 3 prouoked his brothers forces againfthim, whotooke
himprifoner. Butheefcapingto^/fo, made the people beleeue that the Sunnc had
turned him into a Serpent, and fo he cfcapcd through a hole in the Prifon ; and on con.
ccitofthis miracle drew them into Armcsagainfl Guafiar , with which bee made fuch
flaughtrerof his enemies, that to this day there are great heapcs of bones of the flainc:
he flew threefcore thoufand of theCanari, deflroycd Tumcbamba, and conquered as

farrc



Chap.8. AMERICA. The ninth 'Booke- gyi

fsnc as Tumbf z and Caximaica he fcnt a great Armie with ^ifqpitcz. and Caiicuctma,
two valiant CaptaincSjwichfuchfucccffe as you hauc heard, againft GttafcMTy whom
they tooke,and by bis diretSion flew.

G'oi«4r<»attributcththcdcachofe^rrf^<t/»^<ito7'/)»/»ppi7/?»the Spanifh Interpreter,
whotoenioyoneof his wiues, accufcd himof confpiracieagainH the Spaniards, but
^<f»^' with more likelyhoodaffirmcth that P*prro from his firfl taking had intended lUnti-li^cA'
ir. For he might hauefent him intoSpaine as ^uhitl^arequcficd, if he had feared fuch
iecret praftifes : but his requcft atjd purgation were reic6ted , and fourc Negro's
which hee vied for that purpofe,flrangled him at his command. Hee bad many wiues,
whf reof the chiefe was his Sifter, named Pagha.Wc feeing the glaffcs of Europe,i mar-
ucllcd much (as before is faid that they hauing fo faire a thing would goc fo farre for
Gold. His Murthcrers dyed, as is faid, the like bloudy ends ; Almagro was executed by
Ticarro,3v\A he flaine by yong Almagro; and him , paccade CaHra did likewifc put to
death. lohn 'Pifarro was flaine of the Indians. cJJ^<«rfw; another of the Brethren was
flaine with Francis. Ferdwandus was imprifoned in Spaine and his end ynknowncjCow-
.?,*i/<'/ was done to death by ^4/t-<?. Soto died of thought in Florid3;andciuil!vvars(atc
vp the reft in Peru.

Before the times of the Inguas, therrGouernmentm in thefcparts was ( as ftill it is in m UioftU-c,
Arauco, andtheprouincesof ChiIi)byCommuna!tics , or the aduife of many. The '9-i°'*i«»»«
Gouernmcntof thei^J^^'^V continued betweene three and foure hundred yeares,a!-
ihouoh for a long time their Signiorie was notaboucfiueorfix leagues compaffe about
theCitic olCufcD, where the originall of their Conquers began, and exetcnde^from
Paflo to Chili, almoft athoufand Leagues in length betweene the Andes and the
SouthSca.

The Canaries were their mortal enemies, and fauourcd the Spaniards,&at this daie if
they fall to comparifons, whether the /»^«<?V or Canari were the more valiant, they
will kill one another by thoufands as hath hapned in Cufco.The ptadtife which they vfcd
to make thcnifelues Lords, was a fiiSion, that fince the generall Deluge whereof all the
Indians haue knowledge) the World had beenc prcferued, peopled and reftored by
them : and that feuen of them came out of the Caue of Pac3ricambo,and that they alfo
weretheAuthoursofthe true religion. Thcfirftofthefci»^«^V wa5yT/,««^oc(jp<i,vvhich
came out ofthc Caue of Tambo,fix leagues fromCufco. Of him came two Families
the H<??M«r«,'co, of whom came thcfe Lords, and the /rwc«/co. Ingaroca the firfl Lord
was no greet Lord, but was ferucd in Veflels of Gold and Siluer. And dying,hee appoin-
ted that all his treafure fliould be emp'oyed for the fcruice of his body, and for the fee-
ding of hisFamily. His iuccefleur did the like : and this grew to a gencrali cuflome that
no Ingua might inherit bis Fathers goods; but he built a new Palace.

In the time of Ingaroca, the Indians iiad Irrages of Gold. Tagttaraguaque fuccceded,
llrecor/j^, the next Iuccefleur was very rich. Gtf»*<?/(fP/-t/j>-ro with cruel) torments for-
ced the Indians to confcflc where bis bodie was, for the report of the treafures buried
with him : the bodie he burnt, and the Indians reftrucd and worfliipped the afliei.
They tooke it ill that this Ingua called himfclfe Viracocha, which is the name of their
God, but he to fatisfie them, faid, thit f'iroeocha appeared to him in a drcame, and com-
ivranded him to take his name.

Pachacftti Ingua Tupaugni fuccceded him , who was a great Conquerour, Polititian
and Auihour of their Ceremonies ; heeraigned threefcoreand tenycares, andfaincd
bimfelfc fent of firacocha to eftablifh his Religion and Empire.

After him followed Guaj/nacapa the Father of Guafcar and Atabahba^'whkh brought
this Empire to the greatert height. The Indians opened him after his deceafe, leauing
his heart and entrailes in Quito, the b«dic was carried toCufco, and placed in the Tem-
ple oftheSunrve. Hee was worftiippedofhisSubietIs for a God being yet aline, which
was not done to any of bis P redcceflburs. When he dyed , they flew a thoufand perfons
of bis houfliold, to ferue him in the other !ire,all which died willingly for his feruicc in-
fomuch that many offered themfelues todeath.befidesfuch as were appointed. His trea-
furewasadmirablc.Hevfedalwayes"tohauewith him many Oregioni^ which were nGow i
hismenof Warrc, and ware fhooes and feathers , and other fignes of Nobilitie .- he UmaMull.

wai



^



8^2 OftkQountneo/ferUj^c. Chap,^.



vvas ferued of the cldeft Sonncs and Hsircs of all his ch'itCe Siibieds , cuery one clothed
after his owiie Countrie Rite; he had many CounfeliourJ and Courtiers in differing de-
grees of honour. Euery one at his entrance into the Pahce put off his fiiooes, and
inig^c not looke him in the face wheu they (p ike to him,

AlitheVcffclsofhisHoufc, Table, andKitchln, were of GoMandSiUier, and the
meaneft of Silucr and Copper for ftrength and hardneffe of M ttili. Hec had in
his Wardorbe hollow Statues, which fccmed Gyants, and were of G-ldc : and the
figures in proportion and bigneffe of all the Beafts, Birdcs, Trees, aid Hearbes.inhis
Kingdomc, and of theFiflieslikewife.Hce had Ropes, Budgets.Trougfis, and Chcfts,of
Gold and Siluer:heapcs of Billets of Goldc, that fecmed Wood cutout for the fire.
There was nothing in his Kingdome, but he had the counterfeit in G jid. Yei they fay,
Thatthe7»^»<jVha3aGardcnof plcafureinanllandnecrcPum , which had ail kinde
ofGarden.riearbes,Flowcrs,andTreesof Goldc and Silucr. Hec had alfoaninfinire
quantitieofSilucr and Gold wrought in Cufco, which was loft by the death of Guaf-



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 167 of 181)