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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 168 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 168 of 181)
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car, which thelndians held (as is faid) from the Spaniards Ji-r^/ faith he had three hou-
fesfuU ofpeeces of Gold, and fius full of Siluer : and a hundred thoufand plates or tiles
of Gold, eucry of which weighed fiftie Caftlins. What honours were done to hiai
after his death sppeares by that his golden Temple or Chap pel! where hee was b uricd,
where he had continual attendance of d»nccs,anrfmufici»ns, and fuch as rtood with fans
to fcarre away the flics. When any came to fee the Cacique, they came firfl to performs
their Ceremonies to this Image. He had two hundred children of diucrfe women. A-

.vAcoJlJ.t.c.ii- cofia* faytb,Thathehad(defcendcdfrcmhisowncloynes) aboue three hundred chil-

*3 drcn and grand-children.

Wiicn his Sonnes Guafcar and Atahaltba v-'cre dead , another of his fonncs called
tJ^{a»gocapa,conut)uedthe Warrcs a while with the Spaniards , and after retired him-
hJmfelFe to f^/w 5<zw^^ where hee keptin the Mountaines, and there the /»^«4VRai-
ned , rntill t/^maro was taken and exccuird in Cufco, Some remnants of them
haue fince becne chriHencd. The other Family of the Inguds , which dcfcen-
dcd of the diRUi^angocapaaWed Vrmnfoo , had thcirSucccfllons alfo andGouern-
raent ; which here todilcourfc of, were to n y propofed Icopc impertinent, Lca-
uing therefore theConquercursandConqueW of Peru, let vsconfidcr the Coun-
irieicfclfe, with fuch obferuations as wecfliallthere findc touching theii Religions.



C H A p. I X.

of theCountrieof Peru^ Naturall^Oec0nemcalI,and
Politicali obferuAtioKS.

hfdeeln* *^^^^^^HeKingdomeof Peru cxtendeth^ fcuen hundred leagues in length, io

pirt,\.c.i6. jf^^ \0^^l t>teadth a hundred in fomeplacesjinfome threefcotc, in others tortie.-

■^ ~ "* morc,oricfle,according vnto the diScrenceof places, Quito andPla-

taarcthe vtmoft Cities thereof, the one bordering on Popayap, the o-

ther vpon Chili. It is not here meant of that Jpacious Kingdcme

of the IngHas , for that reached tweluc hundred leagues, whereofthis

eAi»Jt.l-i-tio. of Peru was but apart. ^f(7/?<tenumbrcth diuerfe Ihange fpecialties, excepted from

thcgenerall Rules of Natures wonted courfe.

Tbefirft, that it blowcs continually on all that Coafl with one oncly windc ( and that
alfo differing fromtbat which vfuilly blowcth bctwcenc the Tropikcs) name!y,the
Stouth and Southwcfl. The fecond, that this winde (in other places vnhcalthfuU) is here
fo agreeable that cihcrw'.fc it cruld be habitable. The third, that itncucrraines, thun-
dcri,fnowcs,norhailes in all this Coaft ; Andyct ( which is a fourth wonder) a little
diftanccfrcmthcCoaft, it fnowcs and raincs terribly. Fifthly there are two ridges sud
mountaincs, which both runne in one altitude; and the one in view of the other , al-
raofl equally, abouc a thouiand leagues : andyct on the one part arc great Forrcfls, and

ic




CHAP.p. AMERICA. Themnth'Booh. S75



it raine* the grcatcft part of the ye3rc,bcing very hotc ; the dtbti'is all hakcd.and bare,
and very coldc. So that Peru is diuided into thrccparts, which they call Ll4»os, Stcr-
riU,zn6. Aridfs : the firft rannc aiongft the Sea-coaft; the SterrM be hills with fome val-
lies,andthe y/;;i;i«bcl-lccpand craggie mountaincs. The Llanos or Plaittcs on the
Sea-coaft haue ten leagues in brcdth,in fome parts lcfle,and in fome a little more. The
Sierra containcth with cqiiallinequalitietwentie leagues : and the Andes as niuch,
fometimes more, and fomctimcs IcfTcThcy run in length from North to South, and in
breadth from Eaft to Weft rand in this fo fmalladiftanceit rainesslntbflcontinually
in one place.and neucr \\i the other. In the PJaines neuer,ontt)e Andes ifl a mancr con-
tinually.though fometimes it be more cleare there then'other. The^ictra inthemids
are more moderate, in which it raines from September to ApriU, as in Spairt,but in the
other halfeyc3re,whcn the Sunne is further offjit is more cleare. The Sierras yeeld in-
finite number of Vicagues.which are like w ilde Goats ; and Pacos, a kindc of fliccpc-
affcs.profitablc for fleeccand burthen ; the Andes ycelde Parrots, Apes, and Monkies.
Some <: report that moriftrous births doe fometimes proceed (as by Natures vtiwilhng
hand) from the copulation ofthcfc Barbarians &tliefc Monkies, The Sierrc opening ^ **"""
themfe!ucs,cr.ufsv3llies, where arc the bcft dwellings in Peru, and moft plentifull of
Maiz&fruits.ltis'JftrangethatinthevailicofPachacama.ncitherthehigh^relemenc , .
yeeldcth raine northc lower any ftreamejand yet there is plcntie of rootes, Maiz, and cf^^^"^^'
fruits. They haue large and deepe ditches, in which they fo w or fet , and that which
groweth is nourift-ied with the dcaw: and becaufe the Maiz, will not grow, except it
firft di 'jthcy fet one or two Pilchards heads (which fifli they take with their Nets' very
plentifully in the Sea) therewith, and thus it groweth abundantly. The water which
they drinke,thcy draw out of deep pits, c Comming from the mountaincs to the vallics « Att^.i^'i^.
they do vfually fee (as it were) two heauens,onccleare and bright, the other obfcure,
and (as it were) a grey vaile fpread vnderneath.which coiiers all the coafl:& although
it raines not, yet this itiift is wondetfull profitable to bring forth graffe^and to raifc vp
and nourifh the feede ; and where they haue plentie of water, which they drawe
from the Pooles and Lakes, yet if this moyfture faileth , thdre followeth great de-
feft of graine. And(whichi5morc worthie of admiration) the drie and barren fandg
in fomeplaces,asinthefandicMountainencarcthcCiticdcLos Reyes, arc by this
dea w beautified with graffe and flowers. In fome places they water their fields out of
theRiuers.

Beyond the CitieofCufco the two ridges ofMountaincslcpar«c themfelacs, and
in the middcft leaue a plaine and large champaine.wbuch they call theProuiii'cc otCaU
tojwhere there are many Riuers,and great (lore of fertile Paftures. There * is alfo the c j »;;,•//, j^
great Lake of Titicaca,which containeth foure fcore leagues in compafic,and robbeth Chxap-i..(.iQi
tcnnc or twelue great Riuers oftheir waters, which they were carrying to the Sea, but
here are drunke vp (by the way) of this Lake. They failc in it with fKips and barques.
The water is not ahogether fowre nor fait, as that of the Sea , but is lb thicke, that ic
cannot be drunke. Vpon theBankcsofthis Lake are habitations as good as any ia
• Peru. The great Lake paflcth by a Riuer into a Icfle Lakc,callcd Aulag^fiom v\ hence
it bath no manner of pa{rage,except there be any vnder the earth. There are many o-
ther Lakes in the Mountaines, which Iceme to arife rather from Springs then fronj
Raines orSnowes,3ndlomeofthem yeeld Riuers. Atthccndofthe Valley of Tara-
payanecretoPotozi, there is a round Lake, whofc water is very hot, and yet the
Countrcy is very coldc: they bathe thenifelucsneere the bankcs, for further in it is
intollerablc. Iiuhemiddeft isa boyling abouc twentie foote fquare : it ncuer en-
crcaicth nor decrcaieth, although they haue drawnc from ic agreat flrcamc for met-
tall-Mills.

But :o returnc from this plentie of water in Lakes to that want therof in the Plaincj
of Peru. The Naturallrcafon which fome ycelde ofthiswantofRainc,is, partly their
fandie and drie qualitie,which of therofelues can yccld no further exhalations , then to
produce thofemifts or deavves : partly the height of the Hills, which fhaddow the
Plaincs, and iuffcr no winde to blow from the land vpon them, but intercept them
wholly with their vapours and cloudcs; fothac their winde is oncly from the Sea,

Ecee vvhich



874



Of the Qomtrey of^erUjZsrc.



Chap. 9.



g Tellies Wubi-
bitsafsidius flu-
viaq, miide(dt
ab Aitllro.Ouid.
h Cict^c.59.



k The like
doth Apalotk-
rw, and the
Poets tell of
7y[>hon,3.\\l o-
ther Giants.
Ap-de Deer.O-
rig.l.t. &H)llt-
nusfsb-i^i,
1 Cie^e.j^.



m AceJi.l.i.C.ii






o Ai.tfi.ibid.'



which finding no opofite, doth not prcffc nor flrainc forth the vapours which rife to
engender rainc. This fccmcth the rather to be probable, for that it raines vpon fome
fmall Hills along the coafl which arcleaft fliadowed. lu the fame coaft alfo, where
thcEafterlyorNortherly winds beordinarie,itraincthas in Guayaquil!. The South
windc in other places i> 6 accounted a caufer of rainc , which here reigneth without
rayning.

A* ftraiige is the difference offeafons.after the Indians account. For in the'> Sier-
ras their Summer beginneth in Aprill, and endcth with September : Oftober begin-
neth their Wintcr.which not the abfcnce, but the prefence of the Sunnc doth caufe.
Contrariwifc in the Plaines.iuft by in fite,they hauc their fummer from 0<5lober to A-
prill.the reft their Winter, ( The like is noted in the Eaft Indies at the hils of Balcgate,
where that lidgeparteth Winter and Summer in the fame nccrcneflc to the Sunne, ac
the fame timc.and a few miles diftant.

The raines in the hils arc caufe why they call it winter,and the dcwes or mifts in the
pliines.fo that when the raines fall moft in the hills, it is cleare weather in the plaines,
and when the dew falleth in the plaincs,it is cleare on the hills: and thus it commeth to
paffe,that a man may traucl from winter to fummer in oneday.hauing winter to wafii
him in the morn ing,and ere night a cleare and drie fummer 10 fcorch him.Yea in fome
places (faith Alexandro Vrfini) within fix miles fpace both heate and cold are intoUe-
rable.and enough to kill any man. From S^. Helen to Ceptape it neuer raineth , which
coaft extends fotticmiles.in fome places 50.1 loo.lcagucs in length.

About the point o(S\Helena in Peru, they ' tell that fomtimqs there liued Giants of
huge ftature.which came thither in Boats,thc compaffc of their knee was as much as of
another mans middle : they were hated of the people, becaufe that vfing their women
they killed them, and did the fame to the men for other'' caufcs. Thefe Giants were
addi6lcd to Sodomie,and therfore as the Indians report, were dcftroyed with fire from
heauen. Whether this be true or no.JD thofc parts are found huge & Giantlike bones.
Ciez.a writes that lehn dt Helmes at Porto Vieio digged and found teeth three fingers
broad.andfourelong. Contrariwife.in the valley ofChincha' they hauc a Tradition
that the Progenitors oftheprefent Inhabitants deftroyed the natiue people, which
were not aboue two cubits high, and pcffeflcd their roomes: in teftimonic whereof
ihcy alledge alfo that bone-argument.

Conccmingthclndians conceit of their owneoriginall: we hauc mentioned their
opinion of a floud, and the rcpeoplingofthe World by them, which came out of a
" Caue. They hauc another Legend that all men being drowned,therecamc out ofthe
great LakcTiticaca.onc ^/r4forArf,which ftayed inTiaguanaco , where at this day is
to be fccnc the ruincs of very ancient and ftrange buildings,and from thence came to
Cufco,and fo began mankinde to muItipIie.Thcy (liew in the fame Lake a fmall Hand,
where they faine that the Sunne hid himfelfe.and fo was preferued " : and for this rca-
fon they make great facrifices vnto him in this place , both of ftieepe and men. They
held this place facrcd,and the Inguas built there aTemple to the Sunnc, and placed
there women and Priefts with great treafures.

Some "learned men are of opinion, thatall which the Indians make mention of is
not aboue foure hundred yeares ; which may be imputed to their want of writing. In
ftead of writing they vfed ihcirQuipos. Thefe Quippos are memorials or Regifters
made ofcordsjin which there are diuers knots and colours, fignifying diucrs things:
thefe were their books of Hiftories.of lawes,ceremonie$,and accounts of their affairs.
There were officers appointed to keepe them,called ^tfocamajfos;^\\\c\\ viae bound
to giue account ol' things as Notaries and Regifters. They had according to thedi-
uerlTtie of bufineffejundrie cords and branches, in cuery of which were fo many knots
little and great,and firings tycd to them,fome redde,fomc greenc,and in fiich variety,
that euen as wc deriuc an infinite number of wordes fi:om the letters of the Alphabet,
fo doe they from thefe kinds and colours. And at this liay they will keepe account ex-
i£tly with them, I did fee (faith AcoHa) a handfull ofthcfe firings, wherein an Indian
woman did carrie (as it were) written a generall confcflion ofall her life, and thereby
fionfeflcd her fclfe, as well as I could hauc done in written paper , with firings for the

circuna-



Chap. p. AMERICA. The ninth Booke. ^f^

circumftanccs ofthc (iiines.Thcy haucalfo ccrtainc whccles of fmal ftones,by mcanes

whcrcofchcy Icarnc all they dcfirc by heart. Thus you fhall fee them leatnethe Patir.

noHer^Crtedejind the reft : and for this purpofc they hauc many of thefc wheels in their

Churchyards. They hauc another kind ofQuippos, with graines of Mays, with which

theywillcalWp hard accounts which might trouble a good Arithmetician with hfs

pen inthcdiuifions. They were no kflewittic^q if not more, in things whereto they q idibid.c.16,

apply thcmfclues then the men of thefc parts. They taught their young children all

Arts ncccffarie to the life of men, cucry one learning what was ntedfull for his pcrfoH

and family, and not appropriating himlclfe to one profeflion, as with v$, one is a Tay"-

ler.anothcr a Wcauer,or of other Trade. Euery man washis ovvnc Weaucr, Carpen-

tcr,Husbandman,and thclike. But in other Artcs, more for ornament then nee cftitie,

they had Gojde-Smiches, Painters, Potters, and Wcauers of curious workes for

Noble men, and fo of the reft. Nomanmight change the faftiionvfed in hisowne

Countrey , when hcc went into another, that all might bee knowne of what Countrey

ihcy were.

For their marriages they had many wiues but one Was principal! , which was wed-
ded with folcmnitic,and that in this fort. The Bridcgroome went to the Brides houfc,
andputO/re^a.whichwas anopenftiooe.on hcrfoote : this, ifflic werea maide, was
of vvooll,othcrwife,ofRcedcs:andthis done,helcddchcr thence with him. If flice
committed Adulterie fhe was punifhed with death : when the husband died, flic car-
ried a mourning weed of blackc a yearc atter,and might not marrie in that time,which
befell not the other wiues. The Inguahimfclfc with hisowne hand gaue this woman
to bis Gouernors and Captains,3nd the Gouernors aflembled all the young men and
maidcs in one place of the Citie.where they gauc to euery one his wifc.with the afore-
faid ccrcmonic in putting on the Otteya : the other wiues did fcruc and honour this.
None might marrie with his Mother.Daughtcr, Grandmother or Grand-childe: and
Twpjwgwi, the Father of (7«^j»'«<'<»/''» was the firft Ingua that married his Sifter, and
confirmed bis fail by a Decree, that the Inguas might doc it , commanding his owne
children to doe it,permitting theNoblc-men alfo to mairic their fiftcrs by the fathers
fidc.Othcr inceft,and murther,theft,and adultcric were punifl^ed with death. Such as
had done good fcruicc in warrc were rewarded with lands,armcs, titles of honor, an^
marriage in the Inguaslinage.

They had CArf/^/w or Ports in Peru .which were to carric tidings or Letters: for Poft».
which purpofe they had houfes a league and a halfe afunder, and lunning each man to
the ncxt.they would run fiftic leagues in a day and nighc.

When the Ingua was dcad,his lawfull heire borne of his chicfe wife fucccedcd. And
if the K ng had a legitimate brother.hc firft inheritcd,and then the fonne of the firft.He
inherited not the goods (as is faid alreadie) but they were wholly dedicated to his O-
ratoric or Guaca, and for the maintenance ofihe family he left: which, with his off-
fpring.was aiway buficd at the faciificcs, ceremonies & feruice of the deceafedKing 5
for being dead.thcy prefently held him for a God.making Images & facrificcs to him.
The Enfigneofroyalcie was a red rowleofwooll finer then filkc, which hung on his
forehcadjwhich wasadiadcmcthatnoneelfc might weare inthcmidft of their fore-
head; at their eare the Noble men might. When they tookethis roll they made thcr
Coronation fcaft.and many facrificcs witti a great quantiiie of veflelljof golde.and fil-
iier,a;id many Images in the forme of (Keep of golde & filuer.and a thoufand others of
diucrs colours. Then the chiefc Ptieft took a yong child in his hand of iHe agccf fx or
eight years.pronouncing thefe words with the other Minifters to thclmage of Fir^jca-
cha; Lord, we offer this vnto thee, that thou maicft maintain vs in quict,3nd help vs in
our warrcs : maintain our Lord the Ingua in his Greatnes & cftaic, that he may alway
incrcafe.giuing him much knowledge to gouerne vs. There were prcfent at this ccre-
monic,men6f all parts ofthe Realme,& ofali Guacas and Saniftuarics. It is not found
that any of the Inguas fubie^s euer committed treafon againft him. He placed Gouer-
nors in cucry Prouince,fome greatcr.and fome fmallcr. The Inguas thought it a oood
rule of ftatc to keepe their fubieds alway in adion, and thcrforc there are feenc to this
daylong Caufcis of great labour^diuiding this large Empire iiHO foure parts.

E c c e 2 Hauing



8/6 Qfthe Qomitrey ofTeru^zs'c. , C h a p .9.



Hauing conquered a Prouince,they prefcntly reduced them into Towns, and Com-
munaltici, which were diuided into Bands .-one was appointed oucr ten, another oner
ahundred,andanotheroiierathoiifand,andouer ten thouiand another. Aboue all,
there was in euery Prouincc a Goucfnour of the houfe of the lnguas,to w^hom the reft
oaiie accounts ofwhat had p3flcd,vvho were eythcr borne or dead. At the fcaQ called
R,i^mer,x.hc Gouernors brought the Tribute of the whole Realme to the Court at Cu-
fco. All the Kingdomc ■■ was diuided into foure parts, ChinchafuyojColIafuyo, Ande-

r te\afig.\. ^yy^^j^i^jj (^Q^^jgfuyo^ according to the foure wayes which went from Cufco.Eal},
■ Weft.North.and South.

i/i:ofl.!.6.c.i^. When f the langua conquered a Citic.thc Land was diuided into three Parts, the
firftforReligion,eucryIdoilandGuaca hauing his peculiar Landes appropriated to
their Priefts and Sacrifices ; and the greateft part thcrof was fpent in Cufco.where was
theGeneral and Metropohtan Sanftuarie.the refl in that Gtie where it was gathered,
which all had Guacas,after the fafhion of CufcOjfonie being thence diflaat two hun-
dred leagues. That which they rcapt on the land was f ut into ftorc-houfes built for
that purpofe.

The fecond part of that diuifion was for the Ingua for the maintenance of his Court,
Kinfinen,Noblemen,andSouldicrs: which they btoughc to Cufco, or other places
where it was needfull.

The third part was for the Comminaltie for the nourifliment ofthe people, no par-
ticular man pofleffing any part heereot in proper. As theFamiliecncrcafed ordecrea-
fcd, fo did the portion. TheirTribute was to till and husband the Lands ofthe Ingua,
and the Guacas,and lay it vp in flore-houfes, being for that time of their labour nou-
rifhedou: of the fame Landes. The like diftribution was made ofthe Cattcll to the
fame purpofesas that of the lands, and ofthe wool,and other profits that thence arofc.
The old Men,Women,and ficke Folkes.were refeiued from this Tribute. They payed
ether Tributes alfo,euen whatfoeuer the Ingua would choofe out ofeuery Prouincc.
The Chicas fent fw eet woodesj the Lucanas,Brancars to carrie his Litter ; the Chum.
f//^«c<w,Dancers : others were appointed to labour in the Mines : and all wcreflaues
to the Ingua, Some he employed in building ofTemples, Fortreflcs, Houfe$,or other
workes,asappearethby the remnants of them, where are found ftones ol fuchgreat-
ncffc that men cannot conceiue how they were cut,brought, and layed in their places,
they hauing no yron orftceletocut,enginestc carrie,noi mortcrtolaythcm: and vcc
they were fo cunningly layed that one could not fee the ioints ; fome of eight and t hir-
tiefoote long, faith yir(7/iF<*,eightbroad,and fixthickejmeafured ;and in the walls of
Cufcoare bigger; none fo little {{^x^Sancho) in fomebuildings there, asthrec Carts
might carrie, and fome thirtie fpans fquare./o^w Ellis which lately was there,faith feme
ofthcm arc tvventie tunne weight, ftrangely ioyned without mortcr.

They built a bridge at Chiquitto.theRiuer being fo dccpe. rhat it will not admic
Arches : they faftned bundles of reeds and weedes, which being lighr, will not f^nke,
whichthey fallen to either fide ofthe Riuer, they make it paflabie for man andbeaft:
(jom f i '^ '* three hundred foot long.CufCo c their chiefe Citie (Undeth in feucnteene degrees :
itisfubiefttocold and fnow,thehoufes are of great andfqunreflone.Itwasbenegcd
by 5<>f(»,and by Piz,arro and him entred,where they found more treafure then they had

uGomc.ii^. by the imprifonmcntof^fj«^<»//^rf:,^«??o"is faidco hauebecneasrich as Cufco. Wi-
ns, ther^»w«'?<s'^»' fled with fiuethoufandfouldiers , when >4/<2^rf/;/'^ his Mafter was ta-
ken by the Sparfiiards, and flew IllefcM his brother, that withflood his tyrannicall pro-
ceedings,fl3iedhim,andmadeaDrui;iof his skin; flew two thouiand fouldiers that
brought the body of ^/<?^<f/i^<? to ^K/fo to be interred, hauing in fliew of Funcrall
pomp and honor,before,made them drunk ; and with his forces fcourcd the Prouincc
oiTamfbamha-Mc killed many of his wiu<:s for Imiling when he told them they fliouid
haue pleafure with the bearded men, & burnt the Vv'ardrobc oiAtahahha : that when
theSpaniards came and entred Qtttto, which had almoft difpeopled Panama, 7^tcara~
gUiijC^rtagena^bc Other their habitations in hope of Peruvian fpoiles,they found thcm-
lelucs difappointed of their expe»fted prey, and in anger fet fire on the townc. A!uar::do
Withlikcnevvescame from Guatimala into thofc partes, with 400. Spaniards, but

was



Chap. I o. AMERICA. The ninth 2ooh, %77

was forced to kill his horfe to feed bis faminied company(aIthot)gh at that time horfcS
"Xverc worth in Peru abouc i oco. ducats a pcecc) was almoft killed with thirft,was af.
faulted " with fhowers of afh- s, which the hote Vulcane of Quito difpcrlcd i^o.miles " Notfar fronil
about (with terrible thunders and lightnings, which 7-'/«fo had fcemed to ftealefrom ^'"^a on the
y^p/firrjand here to vent them) and after with fnows on the colde hills, which exafted \°i^^. fjJ^V
feuenty Spaniards for tribute in the paflagc, found many men facrificedby theinhabi- bemiftediwo
tantSjbut could find no golde.till VtTjarro bought his departure with loOooo. ducats, dayeson the
He gaue thankee (he faid) to God for his deliuerancc, but that trail, by which he had ^ea>witb fuch
paffcd.^to the diuel. This was he that afterward being bruifed with ihefallofhis horfe, ^i'^°"'^u*'^
(whereof he died) and asked where he was mo(i pained, faid,y »» hk foule, as guilty to ma"'th
himfejfe of his former cruelties and couctoufncs. This is the profit ofvnfan6lificd and fcemc as they
ilI-fan£lifiedgolde:the onewhereofwefecin thcfe Peruvian Temples thus fpoylcd lud bin (ptin-
by the Spaniards, who (in the other refpeit) were more fpoilcd by this (poile and pur- kledwith
chafe, VVhat golden dayesthefe were to the Spaniards, this hiftoric in diuers places ^^"l^*^^!.
fiicweth. From one Pallace of C«/fa (faith AVa;^) they tooke feuen hundred plates theTare tii r
ofgolde.eachwhcrofweighedfiue hundred Caftlins: from another houfc the weight common,
oftwo hundred thoufand, Twohoufesofgoldehefpeakesof, the very thatch being y B-'^to/.i.f.iy
counterfeit in goldjthedrawcs with the eares artificially wroiighr. But cuery where ^ ^-Xtrxes.
are thefe Relations fhcwed with Cufco-golde. Almrades hniiic, which he brought ^''"''■^'"■*'"
into Peru had peiirhed,as Ctez.a rclateth.with drought, but for certain Canes as bigge
as a mans legge,which between the knots contained a pottle ot water, extradedfromi
the dewes ; for there fell no rainc in thofc parts.

<J/r^H<» fai;h,that the inhabitants of Anzerma , were in their warrcs afaied with
complete harneflcofgclde: and that about Quito there were mines, whence more
goldc was taken then earth. I tye no mans credite to thefe reports , but fure it is that
they had thefe mettals in abundance, which the Spanifli watrcshaue made our Eu-
ropacan World to feelc, more managed and maintained by Indian wedges, then Spa'-
nifh,blades.

But let vs come from their mines,to their minds,which for heaucniy things were as
full ofdroflc,as the other were ofpurer mettalls;




Chap. X.
of the Gods or idols ofPeru^and other their opinions.

■:^L^^.d^ He Peruvians acknowledged a fupremc Lord and Author of all things,

I a which they called Virncocha, & gaue hmi names of great excellencie, a AcojiJ.j.c.i,
' as Pdchacamac, or Packayachachic, which is, the Creator ofHeauen



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 168 of 181)