Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 169 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 169 of 181)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

and Earth,and I^/Ti/Jx.that is, admirable, and other the like. Him they
did woifTiip asthechicfeftofall, and honoured him in beholdingthe
heaucns. Yethad'nhey no proper nanie for God no more then the b No name in
Mexicans,butfuch asinthis fort might fignifie him by his attributcsor workes, and theCufcanor
therefore are forced to vfe the Spanifh name £)/c/,In the n^me of Pachacamac^ot Crc- Mexican
*ator,they had a rich Temple eredfed to him.wherin they worfhipped notwithdanding '°c ^^*J° ^'
the Diucll and certaine figures. The name oi Viracetha\SiSoi i\\c greateif found in
their deuotions and fo they called the Spaniards,efteeming them the lonnes ofheaucn.
^ffwijcalledgeth another caufe of that name giucn to the Spaniards. It fignifieih _ ,
(faith he) the froth of the Sea, (t/'»'»2 is froth, Cfl£'^*f the Sea) becaufc they thought ^ '^ ^' '

them ingendered of Sea-froth and nouriflied therewith, in regard of their couetouf-
neffe and crucltie deuouring all things : applying that name to them in refped of their
wicked prai5tifes,and not for Diuine Oiiginall.Yea,they curfe the Sea,which lent fuch
a curfed brood into the land. (The Spaniards came thither by Sea, as you hauc heard.)
lfl,faith ^e«io,asked any ofthem for any ChriRian by that Title, they would neither
look on me, nor anfwer,but if I enquired for the by the name oiViracochtCyihty would
prclcntly make anfwcr.And there (wold the father point to the childjgoes iVirAcoehi.

Ecee 3 In

878 Ofthe Gods and Idols of TerUj^c. Chap. 10

In this ilicy agreed with the ancient Grecian Ethrikes , which termed the moft inhu-
mane monftcrs of humanitic,and the crucllcft Tyrants, the fonnes of'^^eptHnf^as pro-
b AGeU.i^. created of the Sea. Soch wcie^ Procrnfles,Pol^ f hem, znd others.
iulMygm, Jq reconcile thefe two wholly,i5 impoffible ; not fo, to fticw fomc rcafon why the

famenamemight begiuen bothtothcirldoU, and the Spaniards. Thefe might be To
termed as comming thither at firfl by fea : and haply becaufe at the firrt they thoughc
fomewhat more then humane to be in them, and that which at firft they gaiie for ho-
nor,may now be continued in an Ironic.or j4ntiphrajis ^whWa they thought them bet-
ter then men.and found them little inferiour to Diuels.
c bccc/if.ii. ^;r<*roc^<j their great Author of Nature may be callcdby thisSea.namc,<^for fime
A ormfak Cu- ^fp^*^'^'' Sea-rites obferued in his honour.or for the fame caufe that the My thologians
fceptajuh.'patre afcribe to ?«««j tiherSca-gencration. For they pictured F^ww/ fwimmingon the Sc»
cdita Cieh-[^e- (asy^/^nV^^ e affirmeth) and the Poet fingcth,^<'»a/, Orr-* Mart: which the Mytho-
niti.Aufniiiii. logians apply to the motion and moifture required to generation, and to thatfrothie
e A'.brjcusde nature oftheSperme.So iz\i\\ P hornutus : ^ yen/ise Mart Kutaperhibetur^cjHod ad omni'
{"ihrnut'i'd'e *im Ciiufim motu (f- bumiditdte opM/ir ; Et forte ^tiodjpuMofajlnt ammantU
Nat.dier.spe- umfemma : therefore (faith S Fulgetitius) fhc is called yiphrodite : fbraifpsf is froth ; and
c!i'u,n. foi^lijft.uircgardof the vanitie, and fo is feed in regard of natural) qualitie. Perhaps

g Fulgent^. My. alfo the firft Maftcr ot 'L'>?-<»r«f/7<«Myftcries,which taught them firft :n Peru camcthi-
thohg.U. therbySea.

h A:.L6.c.ii. ^"' ^° returne to yhoFta,^ hee tclleththat the l»gH4 Tttfangui (to make himfelfc

morerefpeded)deiiifcd,that being one day alone , Vtrarocha the Creator fpakc to
him,complayning,that though he were vniuerfall Lord and Creator of all things, and
hsdmade theHeauen,the Sunne, the World, and Men, and ruled all, yet they did not
yceld him due obedience,but did equally honour the Si-nnc , Thunder, Earth, and o-
ther things •• giuing him to vnderftand, that in heauen where he was , they called him
Vtracocha Pachajachachiit,\\\\\ch lignifieth vniuerfall Creator : promiling alfo that he
would fend men inuifibly to alfift him againft the ChanguM ^ who had lately defeated
his brother.

Vnder this colour.he aflembled a mightie armie,and oucrthrew the ChanguM : and
from that time commanded ihzr.FiracochA fhouH be held for vniwerfal Lord, and that
the images of the Sunne and Thunder fliould do him reuerence. And from that time
refoncd"^ ""^ they let his image higheit: yet did he not dedicate any thing to him, ' faying, thst hee
Tcapln puid D^'^g Lord of all had no neede. As for thofe inuihble Sould.ers (a conceit like that
ftcit aurim ? which we haue mentioned of the Turks) hefaid that no man might fee them but him-
Verf. felfe: and fince they were conuerted into ftoncs; and in that regard gathered a multi-

tude of ftones in the mountainej,and placed them for Idols, facrificing them. He cal-
led them ParuraucASyiad carried them to the warrcs with great deuotion, making his
fouldiers bcleeue that they had gotten the Yidloric through their helpc. And by this
meanes he obtained goodly victories.

^e\x.x.oViracochA they worfhipped the Sunne : and after him the Thunder, which
they called by three names, CA«^«/7/<«, CatuiUa, and ImijIUfa, fuppofing it to be a man
in heauen with a Sling and a Mace, in whofepower it is to caufe rainc, haile, thunder
and other effedts of the ay rie Region. ^

This CJHaca (fo they called their Idols and Temples) wns Generall to all the Indians
of Peru rand in Cufco they facrificed to him Childi en,as they did to the Sunne. Thefe
three,f^/rrffOf«<<,theSunne,and Thunder, hadamoreefpeciall worfliip then thereft;
they put as it were a Gantlet or Glouevpon their handes, when they lifted them vp to
worfhip them.They worfhipped the e:irth in the name o^Prxhumatna , and cfteemed
her the mother of all things: the fea alfo, and called \iA^a?nacocha: and the Rain- bow
which with two Inakes ftretched out on each fide.werc the armes of the Ingas. They
attributed diuers offices,to diuers ftars,and thofe which needed thcirfauour worfhip-
ped then: fo the Shepheard facrificed to aftarre,by them called yrcuhtll.ij/.\\\\\ch they
hold to be a fhecp of diuers colours,& two other ftars called CatuchtlUi & VrcuchilUj,
which they faincd to be an Ewe & a Lamb: others worfhipped a ftar which they name
Macbaena^ ,10 which they attributed the power ouer fnakcs & fercentSjto keep them


Chap.IO. AMERICA. The ninth (Booke: 879

from hurting thcm.To another ftar called Chtigni*ichifichey{\\\\\c[\ is as much asTigre.)
They afcribcd power ouerBearcs.Tigres, and Lions. They haue generally belceued
that of all the beafts in the earth,thcre is one like vnto them in heauen.which hath care
of thcirprocreationandcncrcale. Many other Starres they worfhipped, too tedious
to rehearfe. They worfhipped alfoRiucrs, Fountaines, the moiiches ofRiucrs,cncric»
of Mountaines, Rockcs or great ftoncs, H:lls,and the tops of Mountair.cs.which they
call Apachitas. They worfhipped all things in Nature, which fcemcd to them remark-
able and different from the reft.

They (lievved mee , ( it is ^ ^coHm fpcech) in Cazamalca , a Hill or mount of k Aco!lal,<>c,p
fand, which was a chiefc Idoll or Guaca, of the Ancients. I demanded what Diuinity
they found in it ; they allcdged the being an high mount of fand in the mid-
deli of the thicke mountaines of Hone. In the Citic of de los Reyes, for the melting of
a Bell, we cut downc a great deformed Tree, which for the greatnefl'e and Antiquitie
thereof had beene their Cjmca. They attributed the like Diuinuic to any thing that
•was flrangc in this kindc, as Stones, or the Rootes Papas and Lallatrecas ( which they
kiffedand wotfliippcd)Bearesalfo, Lions, Tigres and Snakes, that they fhould noc
hurt them. And fuch as their gods be, fuch are the things which they offer vnto them
in their worfliip. They haue vied, as they goe by the way, to caR in the croflc- wayes
on the hilles and toppes of mountaines, old fhoocs, feathers, and Coca chewed. And
when they had nothing clfe, they cafl a flone as an offering, that they might paffe
freely and luflily; hence it is, that they find in the high- wayes great heaps offtoncs oi~
fered, and fuch other thuigs. They vied the like ridiculous offering in pullingoffthcir
haircs of the eye-browes to offer to the Sunne,Hillj,Winds,or any other thing which
they feare. They report of one of the Inguas,that faid he did not take the Sunne to be
a god, becaufehce labourethfo much in his daily iourney. In fine, ' eueryonewor- 1 Gw/.Miii
{hipped what liked him befl;. TheFifliers worfhipped a Sharke or feme other fifh : the
Hunter, a Lion, Fox, or other Beaff: with many Birds; the Country-man, the Water,
and Earth. They bcleeued that the Moone was wife to the Sunne : when they fvveare
they touchthe Earth, andlookevptotheSunne. Many of their Idolls had Paflorall
Staues,3nd Miters likeBifhops,but the Indians could tell no reafon thereof rand when
they fa w the Spanifh Bifhops in their Pontificalibtu^ they asked if they were Ghaou of

They worfliippcd alfo (as before is faid ) the dead bodies of the FuguM, preferuing
them with certainc Rolin,fo that they feemcd aliue.The bodie oiT(ipaMgHi,\.\\c Grand-
father of Atitbdliba^\N^sx\\viS found, hauing eyes made of a fine cloth of gold fo ar-
tificially fct, as they feemed naturall, hauing loffno more hairc then if he had died the
fame day .and yet he had beene dead thrcefcorc and eighteene yeares. There alfo the
Spaniards found his feruants and Mamacomas, which did feruice to hi j memorie.

In fome Piouince "^ they worfhipped the Image of a Bull, in another of a Cocke, m cle\^M,^oi
and in other, others. In the principal! Temple of P^/f^/ir/iw/j.they kept a fhce-Fox and
worfhipped it. The Lord of Mantakept a great and rich Emerald, as his Anceftors
alfo before him had holden it,in great veneration : on fome daies it was brought forth
in publike to be worfhipped. They which were ficke came in Pilgrimage to vifite it,
and there offered their gifts, which the Cacique and Minifters turned to their owne
•' profir. The Diuell in many places did appeare vnto them, and he indeed was Author
of all thefe fuperff ition^.

They haue a Tradition concerning the Creation, " that at the beginning of the nGomMH.geih
world there came one from the North , into their Countrcy, called-^e;?, which had no "/'•m-
bones, went very light and fwift, caff downe Mountaines, lift vp the Hills, onely with •^i"'''""-"''-'"
his will and word:He faid he was the fonne of the Sunnc,and filled the earth with men
and women which they created, giuing them fruits and bread, and other things neccf-
fariefor humane life. But being offended with fome, hec countermanded all that for-
mer good, and turned the fruitful lands into barren fands,as they arc now in the Plains,
and tookeavvay the waterthatitfliouldnot raine (hence it came that it rainesnot)
onely leauing them thf Riucrs, of pure compaffion, that they fliould maintaine them-
fclucs with labour. Afterwards ° came another from the South-called /'.i<:/;/f<rw4 the « Caliieiofn


Of the ^li^ioHS ferfous. Temples^ <(srC' C H A p .1 1 .

p c}e'^eap,ji-

fonne alfo ofthe Sunnc and MoonCjWho baniflied Co»,3nci turned his men into Cats,
Monkeyes, Beares, Lions, Pairats, and other Birds.and created theProgcnitors ofthe
prefcnt Indians, and taught them to husband the earth and the trees. They againe to
gratific him, turned him in their imaginations and fuperltitions vnto a god,and named
the Prouinccfoure leagues from Lima of his naaic. He P continued till the Chriftians
came to Peru. He was their great Oracle, and as feme Indians affcne.he ftill continu-
cth in fecrct places with fomc of their old men, and fpeakcth to them. Of this Temple
we fhall afrer fpcakc.
q Con.vbifif. They hold opinion 1 alfo, thaton a time it rained fo exceedingly, that it drowned
all the lower Countries, and all men, faue a fcw,which got into caucs vpon high hilles
where they fhut vp themfelucs clofe, that no rainc could get in : there they had ftorcd
much prouifion and liuing creatures. And when they perceiued that it had done rai-
ning, they fent forth two Doggcs, but they returning all myric and foulc, they knew
that the waters had notyct ceal'ed : aftcrthat they fent forth more Dogs,which came
backe aga'ne drie. Then did they goe forth to people the Earth : but were mightily af-
fiifled with multitudes of great Serpents, which had ip ung vp out or thofe miric Re-
liques of the Floud : >■ but at laft they killed them. They beleeue alfo that the World
fliall haue an end, but before the fame, fliaij goe a great drought, and the Sunnc and
Moonc, which they worfliip, fhail beconfumed: and therefore they make grieuous
lamentations when there is any Eclipfe, cfpccially ofthe Sunnc, fearing the dcfltudti-
on of it and the world. They beleeue the immortalitic of the foulc, as wc fhall more
Btly fee when we come to their buriall-Ritcs.

r This is like
Ouids ti'e of
Python, &c.
Met. I.

a A^oVonXib.i-

l» ActUilb.'y.

e re«. Apollon.

Chat. XI.

ofthe Religious Perftns, Temples , Confepons , andfacri-
fices in Peru.

O man might come to the Gw^tf/w, orldolls, butPriefls. Thefe were
clothed m white, and when they cametoworfhippe, they proftrated
thcmfdiies on the ground, and holding m their handsawhitc cloth,
did fpeake to their god in a ftrangc language, that the people fhould
not vndcrftand. Thefe haue the authoritic in their holies, and confe-
cratc both the things lining, and the offerings of other things. In the
facrifices they diuined by infpedtion ofthe inward parts, cfpecially by view ofthe hart,
if it were of a man. And if they findenot figncs anfwcrable to their expc6tation,they
neuerccpfeotf troin facrificing till they doe find them, bekeuing,and making thepeo-

Elcbclceuc, that God is not till then plcafed with their facrifices. They bare incredi-
lefliew, and were had in great reputation of holincs. When they were to facrifice,
they abftained from womcn,and if they had committed any trefpa(re,they d'd expiate
and purge the fame with fatting: in facrificing they didbinde, and blinde their eyes,
and were f>>metimes fo tranfpoitcd with Zeale, that with their nailes they fcratchcd or
pulled out their eyes, as hath beenefccnc Neither did the people alone admire their
holinclfe, but the Princes alfo, who would doc nothing of moment without their ad-
uicc. They alfo without feare or flatterie, declared vhto them what they had recciued
from their Oracles. The manner oftheirDuiclsconfuitation was this. In '' the nigh:
time (commonly) they entrcd backward to their Idoll, and fo w ent bending their bo-
dies and heads after an vgly manner, and thus conlulted with him. Theanfwerehe
made was for the moft part like vnto a fcarefuU hilTing, or to a gna(lung,which did ter-
rific them. Thefe Oracles are now ceafcd.

Apollonitu ^ fpeakes of two mightic Princes, not farrc from Chili, one of them m-
tncd LychengorfMC, they are able to bring into the field twohundred thoiifand men,
and arc very rich: butthecaufcwhy I hecrcmentionrhemis that number of Prietts,
which he faith are reported tobelongtoone of their Temples, to the number oftwo
thoufand. ^<f^<« writeth, that the doores of their Temples were Eaflward: that in


Chap.ii. AMERICA. The ninth 'Booke. - HSi

cucryTempic were two linages of thebigncflcandlikencfleofCoatSj before %vFiicli
they burnt fweete wood : there were alio Images of Serpents, Euery profclnon had
their feiicrallgod. In fomc Temples were hanged the the dead carkafTes of men la-

In euery Prouince of Peru, there was one principall houfc of adoration.The ruines
J of the Templeof /'<rf/3-;c^ff?<?sreftilltobei"eenc. That, and the Temples of Co//<«o, dGw-Mii.
and C«yco were lined within with Plates of gold and filuer; and all theirieruice wasof
the fame, which proiicd great riches to the conquerours. In Tachacama the Sunne
was worfhpped with great dcuoti.on. There were kept in the fame many Virgins.
Francis Piz^arro e fent his brother Hernaficii (when hehad taken Atahaltba) to (poile e Cie^-ca^.^i.-
this Temple, but the Priellsand chiefemenhad carried away aboue foure hundred
burthensof gold before he came, and none doth know what became of it. Yet did
he finde there fome quantitic and filucr remaining. They facked the Sepul-
chres alfo, and thence drew abundance of the faidmettalls. From that time hitherto,
the Temple went to ruine.. .

The Temple of ^^/co f was very fumptuous, thcpaucmcntandflonesyetrcmainc i ^co^nHk.^,
vitnefles of the ancient fplendor and magnificcncc.This Temple wasliketo the F»z»- '^•'i'-i*-
r^^o» of the Romans: for that it was theboufeand dwelling of all the gods. For the
Inguas did there behold the gods of all the Nations and Prouinces they had conoue -
red, euery IdoII hiuing his proper place, whither they of that Prouince came to wor-
ftiip it, with excelTiuc charge for the fame. And thereby they fuppofed to keepc fafely
in obedience thofe Prouiiiges which they had conquered, holding their gods as it
wcreinholiage. In this houfe was the /"wc^, which was an Idol! of the Sunne, of
moft fine gold wrought with great riches of Stones, the which was placed to the Eafi
with !o great Arte, as, the ^un at his rifing did caft his beames thereon,which reflc(3ed
with fuch brightnes, that ic feemed another Sunne. They fay that at the fpoile of this
Temple, a Souldier had for his part this goodly PtTich::o,ind lofi the fame in a night at
play, whence grewa prcHierbe of Gamefiers in Peru, Th:jf[ay the Sunne before Snn-
riftng. ThisTempletovvard5th.eEart (if our Spanifh Captaine in Ramufio dccciues
not) was couered with gold, W;hich the Spaniards (Religion forbidding Indian helpe)
tookeaway. There were many boyling pots and othervcflfelsof gold. In the houfes
of the Citic was great ftore of gold. Ill one houfc orTempIe where they facrificcd,
was a feat of gold which weighed nineteenc thoufand Pczos,in which two men miohc
fit. The houfe wherein old Cufco * layburicdj thcpauement and wnils were couered * CuaynitcaH,
with gold and dluer, many pets and iarres were couered with like mettall. Xeres alio
rcporech the fame, who was Picarrcs Secretarie, and his Relation fiibfcribed by Tt^
farro and other Chicfetaines : that thii Temple was onthepauement,waIls,androofe
couered with plates of gold and filuer, wrought one into another: and that there were
twentie other houfes in that Citic,chc walls whereof within and without were couered
with plates of gold.

Beth thefe Authors, eye-witneffes, report, thatat Caramalcawasa Temple of the
Sunne, (into which they entred vnfliod) walled and planted with trees round about :
the like is alfo in euery great Towne; heerc were many other Temples bcfides. In the
middellwastheftately Pallace oi' ^tiil>.i/i^a,\\\th picafant gardens and lodgings, in
one of which was a golden cifterne, whereto were by two pipes from contrarie palTa-
ges brought both cold water and hot, tovfe them mingled.orafunderat pleafure.The
Towne had about two thoufand houfes, feueredby ftreetsasltraighc asa line, about
two hundred pafes long, with walls of ftone. Ten dayes iourncy from hence, Aiaba-
Ibii told the Spaniards, that in the way toward Cu[co was a Temple generall to all the
Countrey, which was very rich with offerings of gold and filucr, much honoured by
his father and himfelfe : other Temples had their particular Idols ; thi,5 Idoll was "enc-
rall, and that the culiodicthcreofwas committed to a wife man, which they thought
cou!dforetellthingsfuture,by reuelation of the faid Idoll.

TheCitiG of /'.ic/wc4»j^ wasfamous for Peruvian deuotions. Their Idoll was pla-
ced in a darkcfome painted roome, linking and clofe fhut, made of filthic wood ha-
uing at his feet many offerings of gold : none but the Minifiers of his holies dufl en-


Of the (Rjl/gious ^erfoKSj Temples, isrc. C n A P . 1 1 .

g Ck'^t.cap.6^.

" TantumKeti-
gio jiotuit fuads-

h cie^icap.T!

i Cem.ccp.iii,

tcr nor touch the walls ofthehoufe. Three hundrcdicaguesthcy came thither on pil-
grima"c with rich offrings:fii(x fpeaking to the dorc-keepcr,who went in & confujccd
with the Idoll concerning them , and returned his anfwcre.His Priefls were of his ow n
appointment, and might not approch to him without preparations of fafting, and ab-
Hincnce from their wiues. Thorowall ihcftrcets of theCitie, and on the principall
gates, and round about thcTcmpIe, were many Idols of wood which they worfhip-
ped. All the Countrey about payed a yearely tribute hereunto. The Spaniards told
them this their god was a Diuell,and taught them to defend thcmfelucs from him with
the fignc of the Crofle. Nccrc to thisTcmple was an Houfc or Oratorie of the Sunnc,
on an high place, engirt about with fiuc walls. At Tichicafa was a Temple and Ora-
cle of the Sunne, which had abouc fix hundred men and a thoufand women that did
feruice therein, and made Chica there. Much gold and wealth was heere offered.

In fome part of Peru, S as at Old .Port and Puna.they vfcd thedeteftablefinnca-
fainft Nature : yea, the DiucU fo farre preuailcd in their beaftly denotions, that there
were boyes conlccrated to feruc in the Temple : and at the times of their facrifices and
folemneFeafts, the Lords and principall men abufed them to that detedable filthines.
And generally in the Hill-countries, the Diucll vnder flicw of holines had brought in
that vice.Eucry Temple or principal houfc of adoration kept one man or two or more,
which went attired like women, euen from the time of their child-hood, and fpakc
likethem, imitating them in cuery thing. Vnder * pretext of holincflc and Religion,
their principall men, on principalldaics,hadthathcHi{licommcrce. A Frier dealt with
two of thefe Gaftmedcs^ihoux. the filthinefle of this Vice, and they anfwcred rhat they
held it no fault; for from their child-hood they had bin placed there by their C^fci^ms,
both for that cmployment,as alfo to be Pticfis and to keep the Tcmple.Thus farre had
ihey baniHied Nature, to entertaine Religion, and thus fatrc had they exiled the foulc
of Religion, retaining onely a {linking carkafle.

At Canada in ^ Caximalca the InguM built a Temple in honor of the Sunnc. There
were Virgins kept which intended nothing but to weaue, and fpinnc,and dye clothes,
for their Idolatrous fcruices. The like was in other places. In Guanuco was a ftatcly
Palace of great ftones, and a Temple of the Sunnc adioyning, with a numbtr of Vir-
gins and Minifters, which had thirtic thoufand Indians for the fcruice thereof. The
ieruice which moft of them did is like to be the tilling of the ground, feeding of cat-
icll, and fuch like before mentioned, which they were bound to doe for the higuA;,
and alfo for the ^»««/, that is, Idols, and Idoll-houfes. Butitwcrc awearifomc Pil-
grimage to goe and leade my Reader with me, to cuery of their Temples,which for the
jTioft part had the fame Rites, according co that proportion of maintenance which be-
longed to them.

Gomarx'^ rcporteth that their houfes of women were as Cloiflcrsor Monafteries,
enclofed, that they might ncuer goe forth. They gelded men, which fhould attend
on them, cutting off alfo their nofes, and lippcs, that they (hould haue no fuch appe-
tite. It was death for any to be found falfe and incontinent. The men that entrcd in
lo them were hanged vp by the feete. Thefe made robes for the Idols.and burned the
ouerplus with the bones of white fliecpc, and hurled the Afhes into the aire towards
the Sunne. If they proued with childe, and fwarc that Pachacama did it, the ifluc was

Of thefe Monafteries or Nunneries, thus writeth AcoTla. There were in Peru, ma-
ny MonaHeries of Virgins, k but not any for men (except for their Pricfts and Sorce-
rers) at the leaft one in eueryProuince. In thefe were two forts of women; one anci-
ent, which they called Mamacomns.i'ot the inflruftion of the yong; the other ofyong
Maidens, placed therefor a certainc time, after which they were drawnc forth, cither
for the gods, or for the Ingua. They called this Houfc or Monarterie t/^dagHagi, that
iSjihcHoufeofthechofen. EueryMonafteric had his Vicar, orGouernour, called
ty^ppopanaaty who had libertie to chufe whom he pleafed, of what qualitie focuer,be-
ing vnder eight yeares of age, if they feemed to be of a goodftature and conftituion.
The MamAcomM inftruded thefe Virgins in diuers things ncedfuU for the life oi man,
and in the cudomcs and ceremonies of their gods. Afterwards they tooke them from


Chap. ii. AMERICA. The ninth 'Booke:


thence, being abouc fouretecne.fending them to theCourt with fure guards, whereof
fomc were appointed to feruc the Idols, and Idol-Tcmplcs, keeping their Virginitie

Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 169 of 181)