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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 17 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 17 of 181)
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Sarg9n,Salman-afar,Senacherib^ Afar-hiddofi : which were great and niightie, not
• 11- j oncjy ftrong enough to defend themfeliies againft the Mcdes , but to inuade forren

* * Nations, yea did tranflate people from one Kingdome to another, and cfeated the
captiues of Ifrael in the Citties ofthe Mcdes.and fent Babylonian Colonics to Sama-
ria; which they could not doc, if they had not comipanded both Afl'yria, and Media,
with Babylonia.

7v^<j^o;74j[/ir rebellcd.as is faid, againft ^?-r/f<i/ , and began the Chaldian Dyna-
ftie, from whom, for this rcflitution of libcrtie, the Chaldacans began their Aftrono-
micall computations : he reigned i^.yeavcSyl^nJJjus 2. C'hinx.erus and Torus j. Di~
f Called iWc- lulaus^, U\{ardokempadiis 12. ^He fent Ambafladours to Hez.ekia. Arkeanos j.
ro^ih. Interregyit<m iz.Btlithus ■:^.Ap»rtnttdicus 6. Herigebalus i. J^efnoemondacHS ^. Iti->

terregnumii. learaedm 1^. Saofducinus 9. KtniUdachus r4. T^ahepoltafarus 29.
(In the feuenteenthyeareofhis reigne, hee fent bis fonne 'hlahuchodonofor into Sy-
ria with an Armie. ) T^buchodonoftr -3,0. Euilmerodach 6. ^^regafolarus y. T^-
g Scd.netxtn l,tmdns\-]. This was a Mcde by linage (notasfome S fay^King ofthe Medes)fonne
frag,Sertf. ofXerxes a Mede, but borne at Babylon, and by confpiracic railed to the Kingdome :
not inuading Babylon with Cyrfts,but reigning in BabyIon,till Cyrus depriued him.
L^lcgajihenes calls him a Mede,and the Scripture Darius Medus. Cyrus came againft
him in the nineteenth yeare of his reigne,ai*l eleuen yeares before the feuenty of the
Captiuity were ended ; in which fpace Cyrus had enough to doe to befiegc and con-
quer Babylon, and Borfippa where "Dariusv^is. From the beginning of7v(<?^o«<?jf/dr
to the end oi Cyrus are 2 i y.ycares. From thence to the Afiatike Empire ofthe Ma-
cedonians 201. From thence tothercbellion of ••fr-pcf/the Parthian, ofwhom the
Parthian Kings were called Arfacidiz^qg, And theDynaftie ofthe Parthians continu-
ed 479 yeares rthclaftofthcm y^rr <2^<r;7«/, being flaine. Thefe Kings, and the times
oftheirreignesarenoteafietofet downe, and Onuphrim is therefore rcproucd of
Scal/ger,{oi vndertaking this taskc,in which authority failcth him. Of them we ftiall
fpeakein due place,
h The Second The ^ fccond Pcrfian Dynaftie continued till the Mahumctans depriued them.
I'Etfian ZJv«i- Thcfirft Artaxerxes reigned i i.yczrcs.Sapores :; i. Ormtfdas i. Wararanes 3. Wa-
f''"- raranus 2.— j.j.iVararanes j. fbure Moneths. Narfes 7. Ormtfdas 7. Sahoresy^a

borne King,and reigned 70. yeares, Artaxerxes 4, Sabores 5. Wararanes 4— ir.
iKsdigerdes 2 i.fVararanes j. — lo. Ifdigerdes 2. — I jSPeroz.es iA. Obalas 4. Caba-
des 1 1 . Zamajpes 4. Cab^des againe-— 30. Cofroes Magnus 48 . Ormiz,da 8. Cafroet
^g.Siroes i.Adefer y.moncths^Barafoi 6. moneths, Bar am 'J.moneths,Ormiz.da lex.,
degtrd-i,^^^^/^^^.
i lib.ycafi. The Saracens fucccedcd,vvhofc names and times you may fee in our > Saraceni-

call



CgAP.ij. ASIA. Thefi^JlSooke. 71



call relation. AfterthcSaracens.reigneci the Tartars; and fincc, fometime one fa-
mily, fometime another, among the Pcrfians, till Solyman difpofleflcd theSophian
ol the Babylonian dominion vnder whichTurkifh fcj uitudc it groned, till our daycs,
in which the prefcnt Pcrlian hath rccouered it^if we may credite fomc reports, by o-
thers'' denied. k Cartmi^ti

Idarcnottakevponmetobevmpireand decider of thofe many altercations a- trauels.
niougChronologers :but hnue fimply followed 5c^/.^fr,whofcvcry name is able to
iiiicld me ftom contcmpt,ifnot to yeeld me commendation. Let others , that hauc
more luft and leafute.traucrfe thefe matters at their pleafure : my intent ii, moil; of all,
iheHiftoryofRcligions; and the fucceflionsand alterations ot States I haue lightly
loiichcdibutprecilcly to determine in what ycarc cfthc world cueiy King began
his veigne and to difputc the fame with all opponents,would be Ibmewhat tedious to
the Reader :to me (perhaps in thefe varieties of opinionsjimpoffiblc. Leauingther-
fore the more ftudious to the ChronologcrSjlet vs take a little reuicw of fome princi-
pal! occurrents in the former Catalogue.

zAfucanHs beginncs the Aflyrian Monarchic at BcUcs^ and not, as the moft, with
TJinus'. That£f/«.c fomc thinke to be the fame with Ntmrod, whom Ntmis , as wee
faid before.,confecratcd. Stmtramii is 'reported to bethefitftthat caufedEiinuches ] caliusR.lil;
to be made, 'h\t>!ias which fucceeded,lelt not like monuments ot his great exploits, i^,cap.if,
3s his Prcdeceffors before him. ^«»(/>g«/thinkeshini to be that Atmaphel Kingof
Shiiiar mentioned (jen«f,ii^. and that yiriech King 'tfEli^Jft.r wis his fonne. Howc-
ucr,it breeds much difficulty ,to reconcile the ancient Hiftorie of the Babylonian and
Aflyrian great and long continued Empire, with the kingdomes and Kings in that
Chapter by Mofes mentioned.^ A'/'o/«'»?«/.a« before is cited out of £«/f/'/«j,faith that
tbofe Kings were Armenians; Dwdertis J'arfetifis , as Tererius affirmeth, reckons
them Perfians, Icfefhits Aflyrians : Tererius himfelfe thinkes then- vaflals, and tribu-
taries to the Aflyrian : Gencbrard fufpefts the Hiflory of the Aflyrian grcatnefle: and
true!y,not altogether vniuniy,neythcr do we readeofany in all thcHiUorieofAfop/
and lofJjda concerning the Kings in thofeparts.forought canbe gathered, yeelding
fubicdlion to Babylon. And theSodcmiteand his neighbours had bcerfc the tribu-
taries of ^W^jr/jowf r King ofElam,and not oftyimrafhd King of Shinar; vnlcflc
we fay that violent things are not permanent, and the yoake impofed before by the
AfTyrians was now in Nr/sius dayes rciedVcd : Semtramii being weakened with her
Indian cxpedition,and Klimai by killingher, giuing occafion of difcontent to her
followers, the men ol warre, which might hcereupon (contemning this eft'eminate
King,who had fufiered his mother to pcflefle the Scepter fo long) fall to ftiaring for
themfeiues,anderc<!:^pettieKingdomes. e^rjw^ (happily) reflored the Empyrethus
decayed, ifit be truethat 2? K»f«»^«xwriteth,thathewasa great warriour , therefore
called ArtHi and ^«ri,and,as the God of warre.inuocated by the Aflyrians. When
tr^Kfrfwcj- reigned,'" Z'/£'(i<?r./i^.;?.teliifieththat'PW,>;Kz»i,thenbefieged by Agamem- tn vhior.Sle',
Ko»,zs vaflall and tributarie to the Aflyrians fcnt to him for aydcjwho fcnt to his fuc- ^'^•i-ct-l'
cour Memnen^ with twenty thoufand fouldicrs.

Buttodcfcendvntotimesneererbothvsandthetruth, and tovlew the ruineof
that great eftate: we reade in the fame Author,and in " others, that tArb.ices (whom „ lujlinJiby.
Jit^ifi calleth ArbaStis-^ Ortfws Arbaftus) was by Sardatiafalus made Captaine Orofiuslib.i.c.t
ofthcArmic which was yearely fentto Niua, or Niniuc, where a conipiracie was
contra61:cdbetwcenchimand5<r/tf/«.ra Chaldsan Prieft, Captaine of the Babylo-
nians, who by his Chaldaran skill in diuination, had foretold Arbaces thisdeftined
Empire,and was promiled for his fliare the Babylonian principality .Thus the Mcdes, o Some think
Babylonians,andArabians,entcrpnfmgrebellion,aflemblcd to the number of foure this Br/f/Jw to
hundred thoufandjwhom ^^j-slrf^rf/j-i/rtj ouerthrew in battell twice; but being ftill •'^^■""^'j
animated by ° BeUfus prediftions, which (faid hee) the Gods by the Starrcs fore-fig- bjCan Kin^
nified : and by corrupting of the Baftrian Aimie, fcnt to fuccour the King, calkdfif.'tf- "
and adioyning themfeluesto the enemie, they at the third battell ouerthrcw the p^xx'^r.
forces oi Sardar.Mnli^s Icdde by SuUmtr.Hs his wiues biother. The Kins fled ^nughions

into <^'^»"'^^



il?"! 17^<f Chaldean and JJJjrian Chronicle ^^ c. C h a p .1 5.

into Niniue,trufting to a prophccie.That the Cittic fliould ncuer be taken tiU the Ri-
ucr were enemy to it. After two ycares /iege,by extrcamc raines, the Riucr fwelling
oucrflowed part of the Citty.and caft downe twentie furlongs of the walls. Where-
upon defpayring (as feeming to fee God and man againfthini) he, which before had
chambered himfelfe with women.andaccuftomedhimfelfc to the Diilaflfe, inawo-
mans both heart and habitejnOw in a manly refoIution(ifitmay not more fitly be
called a Feminine DifTolutionjWhich thus runneth from that danger which it ftiould
encounter) gathered his treafurestogcther.andereftingaframe in his Pallace, there
burnt chem,himfelfe,his wiues and Eunuchs together. The A£hcs, vnderpretencc of
a Vow thercof.madc to Beins,BeIefus obtained o( ^r{>acet the new Conquerourand
Monarch.to carry to Babylon. But the coufenage being knowne,and Be/efiis con-
demned for the treafurcs.which with the aflies he had coT\uey€d,/4rl>iices both gaue
thcm,and forgaue them; adding the prxfccSture of the Babylonians J according to

IST'^"'*' P^o"^''^"^- =" Some fay that^f/f/}<A whom they call ?-&«/ Be/och, {bared the Empyrc
v:]th\\\m,/irL^ces reigning oucr the Medes and Pcrfians^thc other cuer Niniuicand
Babylonia: following herein the forged cJWifr/?/?^wej, who (as v^»;?«»jmakcth him
to fayj out of the Sufian Librarie penned his Hilioric, hauing betore fabled a Cata-
logue out o( Bcropis of the ancient Kings,contrary to that which out of the fragments
of the true yierofus before is dcliuered,

, _ fL f.K. Sardafiafulns is written (faith ^ Scalign- in his Notes vpon Eufediui) with a double

paScalif. ' ll.SarJaKapalI(fs,iaiwefittino zoh'is effeminate Wfe. cr«?A'®- 3ndf«tw,'®-fignifiethc
fame,VN hence arc thofe w'ords of Ctcerg i, . DeRtfub. SardaMp^tllns ille vittjs multo
tjuam nemine ipfo deformior. SardannfalHs built Tarfus and Anchiale (faith EufcbiMsy
aithcfame time: the one famous for the moft famous Diuine that euerthe Sunne
faw (except the Sunne of Righteoufneflehimfelfe) Paulthe Apoftle andDodtorof

c StraboJib.14 the Gentiles :Thc other for the Authors Monument and flony Imnge, <^ with this Af-
fyrian Epigramme ; SardanapalHSy thefonne of^nacyndaraxis , h»ilt jinchiale and
Tarfus m one day ; and than Ofirdrtger^ eate^ drinkeiflay. And Verfcs were annexed,
which I hauc thus Englifhed :

tMortaHythoH knoyvfi thyfelfe ; then plenfe thing appetite
With prefent dainties ; Death can yeeld thee na delight.
L oej am now hut duH : whilome a Printe of might,
Pf-hat I did eate I haue ; and re hat my greedy mtnde
Confptm'd: hew much (4//W) hovfweet left I behinde ?
Leanie this (O man) thus lint : befl wtfedgntt thoM canjifinde.

Thi's his Legaciehce hath bequeathed to all Epicures, the liuing Sepulchres of
thcmfclucs, breathing graues;(not of fo many Creatures onely better than thcm-
fclues.which they deuoure,but) of Reafon, Nature, Religion, Soulc, and (if it were
pofTible) ofGod,which all lie buried in thefe fwine, coucred with the skins ofMcn.

^ I Cor !<.?*. ^Letvs eateanddrinke^fertomorrowvpefhall die, Whoknowcth whether TauldiA
not allude to this fpeech of the Founder of his Cittie ? This fubucrfion of the Aflyrian
Empire was tAnnomundt 3 1^ 5. after "Suntingta account. Of the Medes fee more in
their prcperplace.

The Babylonian Empire renewed by '}v(^^o»<r//^jr, continued till Cyrus, of which
times we hauclittle record but in the Scripture , as ncyther of thofe Aflyrian Kings,
which before had cnptiued Ifrael, and inuadedluda. Senachertb is famous, cucn in

c Htred liki. ^^^ Ethnike hiftory, although they had not the full truth. For thus Herodotus e tellcth.
That ^wrfc^^r;^ King of the Arabianb and Aflyrians warred on Egypt, where Sethon
(hefove Vulcans Priel}) then raigned: who being forfaken of his fouldicrs, bctookc
himrohisdcuotion ,amiddeft the which hee fellafleepe. And the god appearing,
promifed ayde, which he performed,lcnding an Armie ofMice into the Annie ofSe-
njicbenb, which did eate jhis Souidiers quiuers,andthe leathers of their ffiiclds.and
armourjinfomuch;that the very next day they all fled. In vvitiieffc w hereof , the I-



oiage



Chap. 1?. ASIA. The firjl 'Bo(ike. j^



«



maoe of the Kin?, made of (lone, liandeth in the Temple oip^i/c, in, holding a Moufe •
in hts hand , vtteriiig thcfc wordes ; He th.ifhoketh on me , Ut him be religion! . This
Hiftorie the i^fgyptians, in vanitie and ambition, had thusperuerted and arrogated
tothemfclijes.

Fundus and OJiander make V^ibofoUafar and Nabuchodomfcr to be one and the
fame, anddiiicrsCommcntersvponDrf»'>/ hold the fame opinion, whomi'cv//-
v^r and Cdmfnu confute at large, t^ahopolhifrrk fuppofed to begin his raignc &^»-
%o Mundi 3 325. vvhichhcc continued nine and twentie yeares : in his "^ feuenteenth x Sc,tanon.l.%
yearc Nebuchadnez,x.tir (fo the Malbritcs miflc-call him.laith Svaliger) or Nabucho-
dom[orV\% fonnc was fent by him.to fubduc the rebellious Egyptiansjewes,and Pa-
Icflinians: at which timehecaried away D^w'f/intocaptiuitie. yHebeganhisraignt y ^crofvA apud
^nno Muiidi 1, x 54. and in the yeare 3 3(5o. dcfkoied lerufalcm. In the ycare 3 3 85. lofipkim contra
Euilmerodacb his fonnc fuccccded him.whom Nerigltffoorus (as Scahger ^ affirmeih) ^[''^j'^'•
flew, thereby to aduance his ownc foone the Nephew oiNabuchodonofer, called La- ^ '^^'^^^^^y;
iorofoarchadas , to the Scepter; whichhimfelfcfvvaiedasProtC(Ror in thciiiinoritie mEu/ebium,
of his fonne. But he being dead,and his Ibnne more fit for a chamber then a Throne, pagM:;.



?{^^<7W«.fconfpircdagainft him, and flew him. ThisTV^^tfW^J-.faith he,'is Darius D.iyilkthoU
Medus, and Laborofo^rchadusisihzi S.iltafar mcmionedhy'Dawe/ , ift^Sc^iligers <l^'jh othcr-■
intcrpre'tationoftheProflhctoutof7;<rro/»/and Aff^^/;!;^^.?, S.w.V.*'"" '^



It is a world to fee how the Caiholikes ( fo they call thctiifelues ) fweat in finding
out that TS^^^'^fW^^/s/or Mentioned in Judith 1. ?;nf;«.f would make it a common
name to the Babylonian Kings, as Fharao to the Egyptians : 'Perertus will haue two
ofthename ; others will hauc him to be ^w/ ; ol\\cx%,Cambyfcs,^rtaxerxes.Ochus,
Once, Btibd is a Mother of confufion to her childrCn.and makes them babble, while
they will Canonize Apocrypha-Scriptures. '

Cyrus ended the Babylonian Monarchic, and hauing wonnc Babylon , and taken
Partus Msdtts at Bordppa , he gaue him his life, and the gouernemcnt of Carmania,
jin.Mundi 3409. As Ji^abuchodonofor had by Edid proclaimed the Cod oi Da«iel,{'o
Cyrus ended the captiuiiic of his people ; giuing libertie to fuch, as would,to rcturnc.
But many levves abode there flill, and thence lent their ycarcly offerings ta the Tem-
ple, In the time oi Artabamts the Parthian (when Caligula tyrannized at Rome)
■* tyifmttus and Anihms, brethren of the Icwifli N Jcion,grew mightic, and haughtie » lofeph.Atitiq
withall, forgetting Cod and themfelues, which caufed the Babylonians to conljaire l,iS.c.ii,
a"ainfl them, and (afterthc death ofthebicthren, with ihoufands of their partakers)
they flew in Selcticiafiftiethoufaiid of the lewifl^ Nation. Neerda and Nifibis were
then much peopled by the Icvvcs. And thus Religion partly held the ancient courfc,
partly was mixed (according to the cuflome of Conqucfts) with the Perfian, Mace-
donian, Parthian, befides the le wifli and Syrian, vntill the Apoftles preached here the
Chriflian veiitic.

About the fame i\mc,HeU>in and her fonnc /ix/wKing of Adiabena (which is in
thcfe parts of Aflyria) became IcwifhProfclytes. » Scleucia built by S'.f/r/^c/w (as it aScIeudaivas
•were the marriage-Chamber of Euphrates and Tigris , which there mecte and mixe built by Stkiu
their waters : Nature being by mans induflrie forced to yccld to the match) HisPltfite "" Nkater on
faith, forthatpurpofe, emptied Babylon of her Inhabitants, and inherited hcrname ^ tjianncJdig-
alfo , with l;cr people. It was from Babylon ninetie miles, or, as fbme readc it, for- nhracebinto"'
tie, inhabited with fixe hundred thoufand Citizens. To fpoilethcfpoyler, the Par- Tign;,. p/;«./,6,
thians built Ctcfiphon three miles from thence, and failing of their purpofe,F^£'/<'^f/«/ cap.:. 6,
built another Towneby,calledVologefocevta. Yet did Babylon it felferemaine (but
not it felfe) in the time cH yimniiavus Aiarccliinus, and after.

Ortelius thinketh that Bagdat was called Babylon (as Sc'eiicia before had becne)
bccaufe it flood neare to the place where Babylon had (iood. For that old Babylon in
^ P tin fwia-s time , had nothing left flanding biittheTcmpleof 2.V/, and the walls j ^ FauQmJ
fometimcs, faith he, the grcatcfl Citie that cuer the Sunnc favv. Arcasl,iib,'&.

In /f>-o^«f/ time, <: within thofc walls were kept beafls for the Kings game. It was ^ j-ilaos ia
after inhabited with many thoufaj'.ds of Icwes, and was laid eucn Vviih ihc ground, as g/, 3- ,

H hf.



74 The Chalddan and Jfyrwi Chronicle jH^c. C h A P, Ij.

/o/",5c.t//>fj"affirmeth in the yearcaftcr the lewifli account 4797.and after theChrU^
'-TfinEM^b fiian.io^y. Ma(kr F<».v hath a little dlengthncd the date and fatethereof, nicv\ing
Leii<!. * that e/^/«W'?>'"«i K'n^of^cul^lem rafed and ruined it,and that it wasncuer afteriru
d AH.&Men. habited ex^>?». 1 1 70 There now 'remaineth nothing but the fmall part of that great
ex li.S.t'^rknf. Jovver^cyther ot omament,or of grcatnefle.or ofplace inhabited.
fsg.iM. Before that time was Bagded built by S»^/-3/-?r,as«^<«m«j- calleth him, or after

idtBir'/ii ^ Sca//ger^ty4l!ftgeph^r ElmM.txMr, whobeganne toreignein theone hundrcdthir-
rfcc.i./it.i. tieandfxeanddiedinthconchundredfiftieandeightyeareof their Hegeira. Sea-
i Scal.tan. Ifi, I ger and 5 Lydyate agree of this place (which in their Emendations of Time difagrcc
ltb.z.& ;. lo eagerly) that it was Se!euci3,or built in the place,and of the ruines therof: an opU
g Lydjit.Em. ^ ^^^ ^^^^ improbable,as theirs is altogether which thinke the prefent Bagded to be
» [^ii,,jap.i. the olde Babylon. The ftorie cfthis Bagded or Baldach,and her Chalifs.ye may readc
h LojiltRoy, in'ourSaracenicallHiftorie. Authors agree, that //rf.?/o« the Tartar fackedit,about
bbS. thcyeareonethoufandtvvohundredandthreefcorc. M»ftrattjemht\vi^ then Cha-

i^uUi TM.ftg- iipha,the foure and fiftieih,and laft of thofe Saraccnicall Popes. He found a miferablc
]?4?olo V n <icath,where others with miferablcncflc feckeablefledlife>being fhut vp andftarucd
liiitmArmea. amidfl thofe Trcafures,whercofhe had ftore, which niggardife forbade him ta dit
burfe in his owne defence.

There is yet a bone left of this Calipha's carkaffc, or fome ghoftand fbadow of
that great and mightic body, 1 meane that ancient name and power of the ^alifhas^
which magnificent So/ywji*^ the Tuikifh Empsrour, in his conqueft 1554, would
feemc to acknowledge,in accepting the royall enhgnes of that new conquered (late
at the handes of their ^alipha : a cerenionie which the Soldans in Egypt and Perfia v-
fed,more for forme then nccefTitie; this Afl'yrian and that Egyptian C'*^iph hauing
but gefhire and veHure,thc Soldans themfclucs cnioying both body and foulc of this
a.uthoritie.

In the yeare one thoufand one hundred fifticninc, the Riucr Tygris cuerflowed
i vectdAf.U, Bagded,and defolated many Cities. B<»rr/«j'affirmeth out of the Arabian and Pcr-
fian Tangh.which he faith he had feenc, that Bagded was built by the counfell of aa
Aftrologcr,a Gentile named No/jach,znd hath for afccndent Sagiitar'ms,\\'is finilhed
in foure yeares,and cofteightecne millions of gold. Thefeftudiesof Aftrologie did
k Kkhcontrtt thereflourifh. One ^zV^^ir^wji' a Frier Preacher (aiih. That here was an Vniucrfitic,
jitcerMJap.ij. the Sudents\"shercof were maintained at publique charge, of which number him-
felfe was one. That Caliph that fonnded it.for the preuenting of fe6ts,baniflied Phi-
lofophieout ofthefc Schooles , and accounted him a bad Saracen which was a good
Philofophcr, The reafonv\ hereof grew from fome, which , reading cyirijiotle and
P/^/ojelinquifhed Mahomet.
1 Oi Tojib.u ^Marce Palo ozTaulus the Venetian faith , that they ftudied here in his time,thc
cao.y, Lavvof.^^j^owf? Necromancie Geomantic,I-'hyfiognomy,Phyficke, andAftrono-

mie : And that it was then a great Staple of the Indian Commodities.This was with-
in few ye Jres after the Tartar had won it. Headdeth, that there were many Chrifti-
ans in thcfe parts; and that in the yearc one thoufand two hundred twenty and fine,
in derifion ofthe Gofpel, the Calfh commandingby a day that the Chrifiians fliould
remoHt a mountaine in teftimonie of their faith, according to the wordes of Clirifl.cr
clfe to abide the perill : this was etFefledby a Shoemaker, and the day in remem-
brance thereof yeerely folemnized with failingtheEuen.

The Icwes goe (till to vifite the Denne which is there fliewcd, as the place of Da^
niels imprifonmcnt,with his terrible Gaolers , or fcllow-prifoncrs, as Mafier Allen
toldeme.
* J^*"' A certain Merchant (the Difcourfe of whofe voyage '" Ratr.HjtHs hath publifhed)

be Vr of ihc fpcal^eth of" Orpha,a towne in the way from Byr to Babylon , wherein the people
ChaUees, fooliflily fuppofe,that Abraham offered Ifaac : at whichtimc (fay they) there iprang
whence Abr^- a fountainc w hich watereth their Countrey,and driucth their Mils. Here was a Chri-
feiwpaDcdfirft ftian Temple called Saint ^ir;?^<»»*,after turned into a Mahumetane U'/iofchee, and
t J Canaan, ^^^^ called Abrahams Well, into which if any enter fo many times (they haue a (et

number)



Chap. 1 4- ASIA. Thefirft'Booke, 75

* — .

dumber) with deuotion,he is freed ofany fcuer : The B(hes which are many , hauc
taken Sanfluary in thefe waters. and none dare take thcm.but holde them holy. Sixc
miles from hence is a Well holden in like facred account, which cureth Lcprofies. #.

N libiSyCarnfjandiiEdcffajWerechiefeCittiesofMefopotamia: at Edefla reigned m yolaterj.u.
>;^^^^(?r/«, betwixt whom and ourSauiourpaffed (ifv%'emay belccueit) thofc Epi-
itics yet extant.

At Carrhff" there was aTempIeoftheMoone, in which, they which facrificed to ^ jtiexabA-
the goddcfle Luna were fubicct to the gouernment of their wiucs : they w hich facri- lexand.gen dicr.
ficcc 10 the god Lu;ins wereaccountcd their wiuesMalkrs. HcfaithjthattheBaby- lik^.cav.i.
lonians allowed marriages of parents and children." Cafe is two dayes iouiny from o Ltb.-^ . ai\>.z^.
Bai^dct^P religious for the buriall oWdi and his fonnes, Hafm and Ofiin -. where- P cariwnght.
unto is refirtofPilgrims from Perfia,whofe Kings were wont hereto be crowned. cmioSur,
But this City C«rio<\ calleth Cufa,afligneth it to Arabia.and faith that of this accident hill.lib.i.
it was called Mafladalc.orthc houfe ofe^//,flainc here by Mmtti his competitor. r Hagmttt.

Mefopotamia is now called Diarbech. 'Thechicfe Cities in it are Orfa. offeuen ^ ^rryfi^ji^^tit
miles compaflc/amonsjfay fomcjfor the death of Crrt//'^, fCaramit the mother- Cit- „acitUiinlan-
tie ofthecountrcyjCftwelue miles compafle. Moful and Merdin, of which in the gimecan.is,
next Chapter. BetweeneOrphaandCarnmit,was theParadifeofe-^/.^^w/f/, where faith /««».
hehadafortrefledeftroyedby5f/.7», tThishisParadifewaslike to that which you "^ C'^' '«"■'£'''•
/hail find in our Pcrlian Hiftorie. Men by a potion brought into a flecp .were brought
into this fuppofed Par.idifc,where at their waking they v/ere prefcntcd with all fenfu-
allpleafures of muficke,damofels,dainties,&c. which (hauing had fome taftc ofano-
thcrflcepiedrinke) after came againeto thcmfelucs. And then did ^ladenles tell
them.ThathccouldbringwhomheplcafedtoParadife, the place where they had
bcene : and if they would commit fuch murders, or haughty attempts, it fhouldbe
theirs. A dangerous deuicc. Zf//>w the Turkedettroycd the place.




Chap. XIII I.
OfNiniue and other neighbouring Nations.

^Ee hauc hitherto fpoken of Babylonia but fo, as in regard of the Em-
pire,and fome other occurrents , neccflity now and then compelled
vs to make excurfions into fom otherparts of Aflvria,Mefopotamia,
&:c. And I know not how, this Babylon caufeth confufion in that
Staof3ffaires,and in regard of the diuifionofthepens (asfomtimcs
oftongues) o*^fuch as haue written thereof Hard it is to diftinguifh betwecne the
Aflyrian and Babylonian Empire,onc while viiited, another while diuided, as each
party could moft preuailc : and no leffe hard to reconcik the Ethnikc and Diuine Hi-
ftory touching the fame. Pro/ewiy" ftraitneth AflyriaontheNorth, withpartof Ar- ..
menia ncetf the riuer Niphates ; on the Weft with Mefopotamia; on the South with . • i". '

•Sufiana; and Media on the Eaft. But her large Empire ha h enlarged the name of
Syria, & of A(l'yria(which names the Greeks did not wcl diftingnifh)to many coun-
tries in that p^rt of Afia, The Scripture deriueth Syria from Aram, and Aflyria from



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 17 of 181)