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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 170 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 170 of 181)
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foreuer: fonie other were for ©rdinariefacrificcs that were made of Maidens, ando-
therextraordinariefacrifices,thcymadefbrthchealth,death, orwarrcsofthe Inguns:
and thcreftfcrucd for Wiuesand Concubines to thclngua, or fiichas he gauethem
to. This diftrtbution was rcnued euery yeare. ThefeMonafteries pofTcffed rents, for
the maintenance of thefeVirgini. No father might refufc his daughrer,ifthc ^ppopa.
naca required her : yea, many fathers did willingly offer their daughters, fuppofing ic
was a great merit to be facrificed for the Ingua. If any of thefc Mamacomas or * Ad.
las were found tohauc trefpaflcd againfi their honor.it was an ineuitable chaftifemcnt
to buric them aliuc, or to put them to death, by fomc other cruell torment.

The Inguas allowed a kinde • of Sorcerers or Sooth-fayers, which (they fay) took
▼pon them what forme and figure they pleafcd, flying farrethorow the aire in a fliort
time. They talkc with theDiuell, who anfwcrcth them in certaine liones, or other
things, which they reuerencemtfch. They tell what hathpaflcdinthefurtheft parts,
before newes can come. In the diftance of two or three hundred leagues, they would
tell what the Spaniards did or fuffercd in their ciuill warres. To workc this diuinati-
on, they fliut themfelues vp into a houfe and became drunke, till they loft their fenfes :
adayafter,theyanfwered to that which was demanded. Some affirme they vfc cer-
taine vnftions. The Indians fay that the old women doc commonly vfe this office of
Witch-craft, efpccially In fomcplaces. They tell of things ftolnc or loft. The a/^-
»rfctf»<w (which arctheferuantsofthcSpaniards) confult with them, and they make
anfwcrc, hauingfirftfpoken with theDiuell in an obfcure place; fo as the e^«^co«<tf
heare the found of the voice, butvnderftanditnot, norfee anybodic. They vfe the
Heatbe ViRea, with their ChicM ( drinke made of Mays ) and therewith make them-
felues drunke, that they may befit for theDiuells conference. The conference with
thefe Witches is one of the gveatcftlettsto the proceeding of the Gofpellamongft
them.

Among their Religious perfons, 1 may reckon their ConfefTors. They m held opi-
nion that all Aducrfities were the efFefts of finne : for remedie whereof they vfed facri-
fices. Moreouer, they confcffcd themfelues Verbally almoft in all Prouinces, and had
Confeflbrsappointedby theirSupetioursto thatend, withfome Referuation of Ca-
fes for the Superiours.They receiued Penance, and that fometimes very fharpely,whcn
they had nothing to giue the ConfcfTor. This office of ConfefTor was likewife excrci-
fed by women. The manner of the Tchuyrt was moft generall in the Prouinces of
(^oUafutf. Theydifcoueredby lots,orby thcview of fomebeafts, if any thin*^ were
concealed, and puniftied them with many blowes of a ftone vpon the ftiouldcrs, vntill
they had reuealed all : after that they enioyned them Penance, and did facrifice. They
likewife vfed Confeffion, when their children,wiues,husbands or Caciques vvere fick,
or in any great cvploit. When the Ingua was ficke, all the Prouinces confcfTcd them-
fclues.chiefly thofe of Cs/Z^o.The ConfefTors were bound to hold their Confeffions fe-
crctjbut in certaine cafes limited.The fmnes which they chiefly confeflcd,wcrc,killini'
one another out of war, ftealing, to take another mans wife.to giue poifon,or Scrcery
todoeanyharme, to be forgettuUin the reucrence of their Gnacas, not to obferuc
Feafts, to fpeakc ill off, or to difobey the Ingua.They accufcd not themfelues of fccrct
finnes. Thelnguaconfeflcdhimfelfetono man,buttothe Sunne, that he might tell
them to ^*r<j<:orA<»,of him to obtaine tbrgiuenes : which done,he made a certaine Bath
to clenfe himfeife in a running Riuer, faying ; I haue t«ld my ftnnes te the Sunne, receive
them then Rtaer, and carry them to the Sea, where they may netterappeare more. Others
that confeffed, vfed likewife thofe Bathes.When any mans children died; he was hol-
den for a grieuous finncr, faying, that it was for their finncs, that the fonne died before
the father. Such therefore, afcer they wereconfcffed, wcrcbathed inthe faid Bathe,
and then came a deformed perfon, to whip them with certaineNcttles. If the Sorce-
rers or Inchantcrs, by their lots or diuinations affirmed that any ficke bodie fhould
die, the ficke man makes no difficultie to kill his o wne fonne, though he had no other,
hoping by that mcancs to cfcape death, faying that in his place he offcrcdhis fonne in

facrifice.



The yong
Virgin-Hunsi

1 Aco^.l.%.c.i6,
Sorcerers.



m Idemf.J.^
Confcffioris
like the PO-
pi(li<



tchujr'tn



S84



Of the 1{eli^ious (perfoHSj Temples^ ^c. C n A P . 1 1 .



nCem.ctipMi,
Acojia ti.yc.ii.



Sacrifices and
oficringt.



Faft'mg.



o Com, que
fiiprx.



* Gutcg (igni.
ficth Mour-
ning.



Jupra.



facrificc. The Penances enioyncd them in Confeflions,vverc,iofaft,to giue appareli,
gold, otfiluer, toremaincinthc Mountaines, and to rccciuc many ftnpcsvpon the
fliouldcrs.

The facrificcs of the Indians may be " reduced into three kindes; of infcnfibic
things ; of beafts ; of men. Of the firft fort were their facrificcs of Coca ( «n berbc of
much efteemc) of Mays, Feathers, Gold , and Silucr, in figures oflittle bcarts,or in the
forme of ihat which hcc fought for: alfo of fwcete wood, and diucrs other things,
whereby theirTemples became fo rich. They made thefc offerings to obiaine a oood
■windc,health,faire weathcr.and the like,

Ofthe fecond fort of Sacrifices, were their Cf4}es, which are like Rabbets, and for
rich men in matters of importance, P-^fw (the great Camell-fafliioned fliecpe) with
curious obferuation ofthe numbers, colours, and times. The manner of killing their
Sacrifices, i . the fame which the Moorcs now vfe, hanging the bcalt by the right forc-
leggc, turning his eyes toward f^^J'wwwf, fpeakingcertaine words, according to the
qualuic ofthe Sacririce.For if it were coloured, they dire6\ed their words to the ThuM.
^(fr, that they might want no water; if white, to the 5'««»<', that hec might fliineon
them ; if gray, to riracocha. In Cufco they did euery yearc kill and facririce with this
folemnitie.afliornefKccpctothe Sutiue , and didburneit, clad in a red Waflcoatc,
cafting fmall baskets of Coca into the fire.They ficrificcd alfr. fmall birds on this man-
ner : they kindled a fire of Thornes,and caft the fmall birds in, certaine Officers <'oin'»
about with round (iones,wherin were carued or painted Snakes,Lions,Toads,Tiger$,
and faying r/ic^«w,thatis,let the victory be giucn vs,with other words. They drew
forth certaine blackefliccpc, called f'rf.-j, which had bin kept certaine dayes without
Hieac, and therefore vied thefe words: be let tht hearts of our enemies he iveAh^ened 4t
thefebetiHs. Andif they found, that a certaine pcccc of flcfhbehinde thcheartwcrc
notconfumcdby fatling, they tooke it for a bad fignc. They facrificcd alfo certaine
black dogs,which they flew and cafl into a Plaine, with certaine ceremonies, caufin"
feme kind of men to cat the flc{h,which they did , left the Ingua (bould be hurt with
poyfon. And forthiscaufe they * fafled from morning till the ftars were vp, and then
glutted thcmfelues.This wasfitting to withfhnd their enemies gods.Thcy offred flicls
ofthe fea to the Fountaines, faying, that thcfhels were the daughters ofthe Sea, the
mother of all waters. Thefe fliels they v^cd (in manner) in all Sacrifices. Thty offered
facrifice of what foeucr they did fow,or r^fe vp. There were Indians appomted to doc
theie facrificcs to the Fountaines, Springs, and Riuers, which paffed through their
Townes or by their Faimes.that they might not ceafe running,but alwaics water their
grounds,G«w<jr<« " faith, that their Pricfh maried not.wcnt little ibroad, fafied much,
although no Fa(t laded abouc eight dayes; and that was in their Seed-time,and in Har-
uefl, and in gathering of gold, and making warrc,and talking with the Diuell .- yea
fomc of them (I think) for feare, bccaufe they are blind-folded when ihey (peak with
him,puiouttheireycs;they enter into the Temples weeping and lamenting, which
the Word * Guaca (ignifieth. They touch not their Idolls with their hands, without
cleancand white linncn, they burie in the Temples the offerings of gold and filuer, in
iheir facrificcs they crie aloud, and were ncuer quiet all that day nor night: thcyan-
nointed with blond the faces of their Idols,and doores of their Temples ; they fprinklc
alfo their Sepulchres. The P Sorcerers did coniure, to know what time the facrificcs
fiiould bemade, whichbeingendedjthey did gather ofthe contribution ofthe peo-
pie what fhould be facrificcd, and dcliuered them to fuch as had charge of the Sacrifi-
ces. In the beginningof Winter,at fuch time as the waters encreafed by the moiflurc
ofthe weather, they were diligent in facrificing to the Waters. They did not facrifice
to the Fountaines and Springs of the Defarts. And euen to this day continueth this
their refpe£t to thefe Springs and Riuers. They hauc a fpeciall care to the meeting of
two Riuers, and there they wafhthemfclues for their health, firfl annointing them-
felucswiththeflowerofMaiz, or foinc other things, adding thereto diuers ceremo-
nies, which they doe likewifc in their Bathes.

Their third kind of Sacrifices was the moft vnkindc and vnnatur3ll,namely,cf men :
Wchaue (hewed before oftheir butcheries, at ihcburialls of their great Lords. Be-

fides



Ck AP .1 1 . AMERICA. Thenin th 'Booh. SS$



fides this they vfed in Pfruto fatrifice young cMWren, fromfourcor (ixyeeresoldto
cen : the gresteft paVt of Sacrifices were for the affaires that did import the Ingua, as in
ficlseneflc for his health, for viftory in war , at the Coronation or giuing him the Ro^a/i
Roll. In this foicmnity they iacrificcd two hundred children . The mancr of the Sacrifice,
wastodrownc and bury them with certainecerernonics : fometimes they cut ofi their
beads, annoynting thcmfelues with the bloud ftom one earc to the other. They did Jikc-
wife facrificc Virgins, of fuch as were brought from their MonaHcries . The common
forr(aj you haue heard) being like to die , would facrifice their owne fonnes to the Sun
or Viracechn, de firing him to be (o content, and (pare the fathers life,

Xeres rclateth that they facnficcd their chi'drcn,and with their bloud innoiritcd their
idols faces, and their Temple-dores.and fprinkled the fame alfo on the Srpulchcrs of the ^""'
dead ; and that ihofe which are fscrificcd,goe thereunto voluntarily with dances,fongs,
^nci mirth.

When they facrificed, they 1 obferued the heart and other the inward parts for diui-
nation, and if they fa w agoodligne ( after their bad conftruftion) they danced and ^f^"*-"'^'
iung with great merriment j ifa bad, they were veiyhcauy : bur, goodorbad, they ^ehlapl'^i^
would be lure to drinkcdeepe . They eat not their humane Sacrifices, but fomctim;s
dried them and preferued them in Coffins of Siluer.

It were an endlcffc toyle, to reckon vp all the fuperrtitions of P»ru, in which were (o
many Nation?, agreeirgindifagrecing from truth, yet difagrecing in their tliucrfified
errours. To\ct^i{^i Paucttra, which fat, facrifice, and eat their Captiues, and euery
Tucfday ofFertwoI'.idiins to theDiuilh and the drunken Proiiincc of Carrapa, where
they cat little, and drinkc much, at once drinking in, and pifTing cut ; theMitimaes
which are earely at their mf-at, ynd make but one drinking in the day (which lades from
morning till night) by Bacchw PriuiUdgcenioying without controll any woman they
like : The Canari put tficir wiucs to the drudgery abroad,whiIesthemfelucs fpin-weaue^
trickevpthemfelucs, and performc other womanifh fun6iion$ at home : TheGalani
make their Captiues drunkc, and then the chicfc Prieflcutteth cfFtheir heads, andfa-
crificeththem. Generally, intheMountaincs they were more crucll, but all obferued
bloudy, beaftiy, diabolicall ceremonies, the recounting whereof mufi ncedes weary the
patieiiteft Reader.

G H A P. X 1 1.

Ofthe'trfupftttationofTimes^ of the Feajls., Sepulchres ^and
ether Peruvkttjuperjlitiom,

*

Efbre wee fpcakc ofthe Peruvian Fcfliuall times, it is not amifle to take
^ feme more generall view of their Calendar. They ^diuided their yccre , ^ ''*•'•




[^}i* into ii3 many dales iufi as wedo.and into fo many Moneths or Moones.
To make the Computation of iheir yeere ccrtaine, they vfed this indu-
fliie : Vpon the Mountaines about Cufco there were tweluc pilJers fee
in order , and in fuch ditiance , as euery moneth one of thefe pillcrs did
note the rifing and fccting of the Sunnc. They csllcd them Saccanga ; by meapes where-
of, ihcy taught and flicwed the Fcaf^s.and the feafons fit to fow, and reape, and ioi( o-
thcr things. They did certaine Sacrifices to thefe Pillcrs of the Sunnc. Euerymoneth
had his peculiar name and Feafis, They fometimes began the yeere in lanuary : but
fince, an Ingua cailcdP<«cW«/(7, which fignifieth a Rf former ofthe Temple, began
their yeere in December, by reafon, asit feemeth,ofthe SunneS returne from Caprtcorne^
their ncerefl Tropicke.I reade not of any weckes they obferued : for which they had not '
fn ccrta'nc a rule, as the Sunnes courfc was for the yeere, and the Moones for the

Moneth. ,;'':;K-n;':"'".;'';^" .:' r :"V'^ .;, ^;,_"' ; " ■. "

They oHfcmcd in Perirtwo'KJntJs ofFeafls : forne ofdinafy,W^icti feJ! tfitin certaine'
moneths ofthe yeere, and others extraordinary , which were for certaine caiifc s of im-
portance. Euery monethof the yecrethey made FeafisandSacrifices : andhadthisa-
like, the offering of a hundred fticcpc , but of vnlikc colourand forme , 'according to

P f f f the



S86



Of their fup^utation of times.



Chap,IZ.



b Knights of
Peru.



i A rare re-
lembling the
Chrjftians
Communion
iri a (ieuilli(h
Apiftjneffc.



Cgrruptu op-
timi pejfima.
I'ouder trac-
tors.



the roonetb. In the firfl moncth tbcy made their firft and ptincipall Fcafl, therefore cal-
led Capacrayme, that is to fay.arich&principallFcafl.Initthey offered a great number ,
of Sheepe and Latnbes in Sacrifice, and burnt them vtith fwcet wood : then they caufed
Gold and Siluet to be brought vpon ccrtaine Sheepe, fctting vpon them three Images of
the Si*»nf, and three of the Thunder, the Father , the Some , and the Brother. In thefe
Feafls they dedicated the''Inguas Children,putting the gnmrM or Enfignes vpon them
and they pierced their earc$:then feme old man did whip them with flings,and annoync
their faces with bloud, in figne that they (hould be true Kniohts to thelngua. No liran-
ger mig^it remainc in Cufco during this moneth, and this Feafl , but at the end thereof
they entered, and were madepartakcrs oftbe FcaHs and Sacrifices after this maner. The
Mamacomoi or Nunnes of the Sunnc made little loaues of the flower of Maiz died and
mingled with the bloud of white Sheepe, which they did facrificc that day : Then they
commanded that all Strangers fhould enter, who fet themfclues in a certaine order : and



the Priefls which were of a certaine linage, dcfccnding from Lwqui Tttpangui, i gaue
cuery one a morfell cfthefe fma.lloaues , faying that they gauc \i them to the end th



to

. _ , ^ - hey

fiiould bevnited and confederate with thelngua : and that they aduifed them not to
fpcakc or tbinke any euill againfl the Ingua , but alwaics to beare him good aflc(ftion :
for that this pcece Ihould be a witncffe of their intentions , and if they did not as they
ought, would difcouer them . Tbcy carried thefe fmall loaues in great platters ofGold
and filuer, appointed for that purpofe ; and all did receiue and eat thofe peeces,thanking
the Sftntte and the Ingua. This manner of communicating they vfed likcwifc in the tenth
moneth called Co^/^r^^wu, which wasStpiember, in the Fcaft called C;f«<?. They like-
wife fentof thefe loaues to all the Guacas of the Rcalme , whither the people aflemblcd
to receiue them : to whom they faid that the Smne had fcnt them that, in fi<»nc that bee
would hauc them honour him, and the Caciques . This continued from the time of In-
gua 7«/>^^^«/, whom we may call the PeruuianiV«ff»/i, till the Spaniards fubflitutcd in
place thereof their Mafic, a mafic of * more monftrcus abfurditit s (in their tranfubftan-
tiation, brcad-woifiiipping, God-eating, which they can alfo vfe to combine fubic<as,
not to their Inguas or lawfull Princes , but againfl them , as our Pouder-traitoors did)
then the foraacr, not-with-flanding the faireft pretexts of Chriflian and Catholike
tides.

But to returne to our Cafacrayme, it is flrange that the Diuell had not only brought
inah Apidi imitation of Chriflian Sacraments, but oftbe Trinity alfo in their Pagan
titcs. For the Father, Sonne, and Brother, called u4pomti, ChuvHnti and lntiqMaoqm,\.hzt
is. Father Sun, Son Sun, Brother Sun, had feme (hew of that great myflerie. In like ma-
net they named the three Images of rhe C/p«^W/4,or God oftbe Aire, whence are thun-
ders, raincs, and fnowet. They bad one Guaca where they wotfliippcdan Idol) called
Tangatanga^ which tbcy (aid was one in three, and three in one. Thus doth the Diucli
defpitc the truth, which he would feeme to imitate. In thrfecond moneth, called Ch-
Wf^jbefides thefacrifices which they made, they cafl the aflies into the Riucr, follow-
ing fiue or fix leagues after, praying it to carry them into the Sea, for that the ^'iracocha
fliould thetff receiue this prcfent.

In the third, fourth.and fifth moncth, they offered a hundcrcd flieepe,blacke, fpeck-
led, and grcy,with many othet things. In the fixt moneth they offered a hundered fliecp
more, of all colours : and then made a feafl ; bringing Maiz from the fields into the
houfe, which they yet vfe. This Feafl is made , comming from the Farme to the boufe,
faying certaine fongt, and praying that the Maiz may long c^ntinui-. Tbcy put a quan-
titicof tiicMait (thebcfl that groweth in their Farmes) in a thing which they call
Ttrna, with certaine Ceremonies, watching three nights. Then doc thcyputitin the
rlcheft garment thcyhaue, and being thus wrapped and drt fled, they worfliip this
'Pirna, holding it in great veneration , and faying , it is the mother of the Maiz of their
inheritances, and that by this meanes the Maiz augments, andispreferued. In this
moneth they make a particular facrifice , and the Witches demand of thiji'*^-/*^, ific
hath ftrcngth enough to continue vntill the next yeere. And if it anfwcrs no , then they
carry this Maiz to the Farme whence it was taken,to burnc,aiid make an other Pirua as
bcfotc:&this foolifli vanity fliycontinuetb.. Ij? the fcueoth moncth they made the Feafl

_ ■; y Intiraym*



Chap. 12. AMERICA. The ninth. 'Booke. 887

Jntiraymi-iuA facnficcd a hundercd Guanacos in honour of the Sunnc : they made many
]m>ges oFQu!nva»\vocdcarucd, allatcircd withrichgarmcnts, they danced, and ca(i
(lowers in the high-vvaics, and thither came the Indianspaintcd and finging.

In the eight Monet h they burned an hundercd fhccpe, all grey, of the colour of XJtf-
,cacha with ihc former folemnities . In Tapaguis their ninth Moncth, they burnt a hun-
dercd lliccpe of Chcfinit colour ; andlikcwifc a thoufand C^^w (a kind of Rabbet) to
the end the Frv-H, Aire, Watcr,.and Sunne , fliould not hurt their Farrnes . In the tenth
Moncth tailed Coyararm, they burnt a hundred white fhecpe that I.ad fleeces; snd then
they made the FeaH j'jf«^ in this manner. They offembled together the firfl day of the
Moonc before the rifing thereof, carrying Torches in their hands : and when they faw
it, th'y cried aloud, U\'w2„ ^ Let all barmegoe away , ftrikingoncanother with their dThey which
Torches : which being done, they went to the common Bath, to thcRiucrs and Foun- did this were
taiiics , and eueiy one to his owne Bath , fccting thcmfelucs to drinke fcure daies toge- calledPiJWM-
tbcr. In chi, Moncth alfo the c^-f^»?<«'«w.« made their loaues (as is faid) ofccmmuni- "''
eating v\iththci'«;;w, and the Ingua. TheBithcSjdrunkcnneffs , andlomerelikesof
this fe.,ft.S'i/«<itemaJne Hill, with the ceremonies a little different, but very fccrctly. In
the ekucnth Moneth ihcy offered alfo three hundercd fhecpe. And if they wanted wa-
ter to procure raine, they let a biacke (hcep tied in the midll of a Plaine, powiing much
Chica about it, snd giuing it nothing to cat till it rained. This c Chica is a drinke or wine ^Ac4.Ubr 4,
inadeof Maiz.fkcpcdandbDy'cd.^ndwilfooncrmakeonedrunkcthenuineorgrapcs: cap.\6.
they hnuc another way to make it , by champing the Maiz, which they hold thenbefl, Chica, what
when i:iv done (.iftcr the bcafiiieft manner) byold withered women . Thisdrunkcn "'^•
people v\'ill fpcnd whole daieS and nights in drinking it, and it is therefore forbidden by
the Law. But what Law can preuaile againfl the Deujli and the drunkard ? Wee nccde
not goe to Peru to prooue this.

The twelfth and lafl Muneih they facrificed a hundercd flieepc , and folemnifed the
Feaft called Rayraacantar Raycjuis . InthisMoneth ihcy prepared what was neccflsry
for the children chat fhould be madeNouices : the moneth following the old men made
a certaine fliew, together with the Children,in Rounds and Turnings,which they com.
monly doe, whcnicraineth too much, ortoolittle, andin thetime of Plague.

Among the extraoi dinary FeatH( which were many) the mofl famous was that which
they call 7?«. This had no time prefixed, butbyNeccfliiy or Difircffe . Ai^d then the
pecpie prepared ibcrrJclues thitherto, by fafting two daies ; during which they did nei-
ther company with their wiues, nor cat any meat with fait or garlicke , nor drinke any
Chica. All did aflemblc together in one place, where noflranger, nor any bead mioht
be admitted ; they had garments and ornaments widch ferued only for this Feafl, They
marched very quietly fifi Proct fTion, their heads couered with their vailes, founding of fProceffiona
drummes, without fpeakingonc to another. This continued a Day and a Night; The
day following they danced and made good checre for twodayesaad twoniphts to^e-
cher, laying, that their prayer was accepted. Euenflillthcyvfc one which is fomewhat
like this, called ^yma, with garments onely ferui'ng to that end , and make proccflion
with their Drummes, hauingfaflcd bcfo; e.conduding with good cherte.And although •

the Indians fotbearelacrificcs bccaufe of the Spaniards, yet they vfc manyccremonjes
flill, which had their beginning from their Ancient fupjrliitions.

Now concerning their funerals. The Indians? of Peru beleeued comrrSonly.thst the sAcoft. 1.^,0,7.
foule liucd after this life , and that the good were in glcry, and the bad in paine. They
vfed a wonderfull care ^ to prcfcrue the bodies, which they honoured after death : their hFunerals.
fucccflburs gaue them garments, and made facrificcs to them, efpecially of the Inguas
of whom we haue fpoken beforc.In their bloudie funerals the women he loucd befi was *

flaine, and multitudes of other attendants of all forts for his new family in the other
world, and that , after many fongs and drunkenneffe . They facrificed to them many
things, efpecia'ly young children, and with the bloud they made aflrokeonthcdead
mans face,t"rom one earc to another. Thiscruelty is common through a great part of the
Eaft and Well Indies , as intheir places this Hiflory dcthfhewyou : wittily auoydcd
once by a Portugal', who was a captiue, and to be flaine at the funerals ofhis Lord,& i Witty cfcapc.
bauing but one eye, fa vv better to faue his life then if he had had both. For he told them

Ffff 2 that



g § g OftJ?eirffip^titation of times , and in Teru. C h a p , 12.



that fuch a deformed and maimed fellow would be a difgracr to his Maftcr in che other
life and fo perfwadcd the Executors, or Executioners (if ycu wil) to fcekc a new choice.
The Indians haue another ceremony more general!, which is to fet meat and drinke vp-
onthcgraueof thedead, imagining they did feede thereon. Atthisday,manyl .idia.i
Infidels doe fccrctly draw their dead out of the Churchyard , and bury them on hils, or
vpon paflages of Mountaines , or elfe in their ownc houfcs. They haue alfo vftd to put
Gold and Siluer in their mouth , hands, and bofome , and to apparrell them with new
garments, durable, and well Hned. They beleeuc, that the foulcs of the dead wander vp
anddowne,induringcold, thirft,hungcr,andtrauell : and for this caufe they vfe their
Anniuerfaries, carrying them clothes, meat, and drinke.

Tedro de Ctez^ ^ rccporteth, that in Genu in the Prouince of Cartagena (which we
^'p'^eu''^' heerc mention for proximity of rites, rather then of place) neere to a Temple built in



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 170 of 181)