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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 172 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 172 of 181)
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car^winftituted to preuent riot, amongft his Spartans, The Maidesinthis Hand arc
faid to wcarc no garters, and the firft night of their marriage they tie them fo hard that
the flefh hangs oucr.

InTortuga they tolled ccrtaine Spaniards a fliorc, vnder pretence of Traffique.and
then catcthem.Boriquen^orSaintMw/ is three hundred myleslong, and threefcorc hBotcrt,voLi.
and ten broad, trauetfed witharough Mountainc, which yecldcs many Riucrs. The
Spaniards haue there fome Towues.

ThcEarlcofCuir.berlandintheyeare 1597. hauing by his Sea forces flayed the
going ot fiue Carikc; to the Indies, v\'hereby the King of Spaine loft three milions and
theMarchantsfouretimcsasmuch;^ailedtoSaint Irhn Port Rico in rhis Hand, and
tooke it with diuers forts ; here was a Bifhops fee ^ and Cathedrall Church with a Frie. « Ouied.lzf.c.i
lie, fovre hundred Souldiets in pay befides three hundred others .it was accounted the ""^""^'ois this
MaidenTowncand inuincible.andistheSpanifhKey and their firft Townc in the in- MonTfterie^"
dies. FJe brought from thence neere So.caft Pecces snd much other weahh.This Hand
■was firft conquered by lohn Tonce and by him inhabited.-thc Naturals were altogether
like in Religion and manners to the Inhabitants of Hiipaniola : and fo were the plants
and fruits alfo. Ouiedo hath written hereof largely in his (ixceenth book. There i^rowes
the Tree called Legnofanto more excellent then Guaiacan for the Neapolitan and ma-
nic other difcafes : there is alfo white Gumme good for fhips i n ftead of pitch .and there
are Bats which the inhabitants did eaie. Thefe Hands are not fo well peopled as in for-
mer times : and many of them are retyring places ofRebels and Fugitiucs, which take
this flielter againft the Spanifli cruelties; Htjpumela is the next Hand of name,but (hall
haue a place by it felfc, as a Map and Summaric of all the other.

lamaicaii almoft as large as Bortcjucn. ^lih extremely fubie^l to the Vracaui, doraradc
which are fuch terrible guftsof Windethat nothing can refift them. They turneVp (^'*''(d l.iS.
Trees, ouer-turne Houfes, tranfport the Shippesfrom Sea to Land , andbring with
them a moftdreadfulland horrible confufion. They raigne , or tyrannize rather,
in Auguft, September, and Odtober. <= The Inhabitants arcof quicker wits then the *^'"'''^''''
other Hands. fOfchisIhnd

CubaismorcNortherlyfandcxtendethitfelfe three hundred Leagues in length, read 0«(fd/.i7
4nd twentie ill breadth full of Mounwines, Woodcsj Fennes , Riucrs , Lakes, hoih part.tot.

fait



.t.x



9 04 Of the Hands adioyning^ to J.m erica . Ch ap. 1 2 *

fait and frefh. This "Hand bath had manic names giiien by the Spaniards ; F^rw^w-

tone .Tnes. ^y^^^/^^^;,^^ ^/p^^and Owfj-^i.The Woodesate rcpienifhed with Swine and Kine;
the Riuersyceld Golden Sands. It hath fixe Spanifh Colonics, ^z'nn lago, a Bifhops
See, isthechiefcTowncinthe Hand ; and Hauana isihe chiefe Port of the Indies.
Ouiedo reckons two thingcs mo(i admirable therein: one a Valley, trending be-
tweene two Hils three Leagues, which prodiiccth abundance of Stones , enough to
lade many Shippes,of a perfc6l round forme , like Bullets : The other a Fountaine,
whence^'r//»;#»,oraccrtainePitchiefubft3nce floweth and flotcth eucntothcSea,
excellent forpitching of Shippes. In this Hand the common people were prohibited
the eating of Serpents, as being referued for Royall dainties , and the Prerogatiues of
theKings Table.

hMan.Hec.^. (^elumhtu^ {iyXmg by this Hand , lighted into a Nauigable Riuer, the Water

''•*• whereof wasfo hottc, that none might endure his hand long therein. Hec cfpied

alfoa C^«Mof fiifher-men, whichafter aftrange fafhion vfedto hunt Fidi, and take
themby theheipe of another Fifh, which they kept tyed in a Cord by the Boats fide,
and whenthey efpiedaFifli, loofed the cord ;this hunting Fifti prefently layesholde
ontheprey, and with a skinnelike apurfc growingbehind herhcad, grafpcthitfo
faft, that by no meancs it can bee taken from her , till they draw her vp aboue
the Water, and then not able to abide the Ayre, fliee rcfigneth her prey to the Fi-
fhers, which leape out into the Water , and take it ; in rccompence whereof they
giueherpart of herpurchafe. Hcefound alfo in his CoaliWatcrs, for thefpacc
of fortie myles , white and thicke like Miike, and as though Mealc had bceneltre-

cto'.tro, wed through that Sea : other waters he found <= fpottcd with white and blacke, and

others all blacke. Anoldemanof fourefcoreyearcs beingaGouernour in this Hand,
came to ^o/«»?^«/,and with great grauitic falutedhim, andcounfclledhim tovfe his
vii!ilories well, rcmembring.that the Soules of Men hauc two lourneyes.after they arc
departed from their bodies : Theoncfoule anddarke, prepared for iniurious and
cruell perfons : the other pleafant and delegable, for the peaceable, and louers of
quiet.

Many other Iflands might be heere mentioned, and but mentioned : little to our
purpofe I findeinthem, OfAcufamil.neerelucatan.isalready ipoken. OhhtLucai£

aP.M,Dec.7.i, qj lucaidi, the greateft thing is their great number, which fome ^ efteeme aboue
foure hundred. Lvcaio is a gencrall or colle6iiue name, as Zeland , Letjtuo,
LMalucco . TheSpaniards had carried the Inhabitants, as cJlf-«r/;'>' tellifieth, into
feruitude , to fatisfic their infatiable defire of Golde. The women of thefc
Hands were fb faire, that manic of the bordering Countries forfooke their ownc
Countrie, andchofcthis fortheirlouc. Thefe women weare nothing till the time
' oftheirmenftruous purgation, at which time the parents madcaFcaft, a? it fliewcre
to bee married ; and after thatflieweareth before thofc parts Nets of Cotton , filled
with leaues of Hearbes. They obey their King fo flri<5^1y , that if he commaund them
toIeapcdownefromanhighRocke, allcdging no other reafon then his will, they

aDff.7.8. performe the fame. Butthey are now, and were long fincedefolate^ being wafted in

the Mines of Hifpaniola and Cuba, or by difeafes and faminc,to the number of cweluc
hundred thoufand.

Burlamloth towildermy felfefurtherin this Wildernefle of Hands (for fo hauc

fDef.i./,i. the Spaniards made them :) f Columbus in one Voyage gaue name to feuen hundred I-
lands; of which I can report little fitting this our Pilgrimage. Hifpaniola is the Ladic
and Queen of them all, and (as it were) the common Store-houfc of all their excclkn-
citfs : and therefore we will there make fomc longer flay.



Chap.



Ch a P.r4. AMERICA. Then'mth 'Booke.



905




Chap. XII II.
of Hiffaniela: andatouch hcmewarels at Berntud*.

' l{fit»iela or Sfagniola » is Eaft ward from Cuba. It \A'as of the firft In-
habitants caIIed^//^««<»,afterwardcsH4^/» and by Co///iw^;Mb Ci-
pAnga and Ophir, The Spaniards call it as we firft mentioned , and alfo
S^tntTf oTKifitkf or Domingo of the chicfe Citie an Archicpifcopall See.
It containeth in compafle hue hundred and fiftie Leagues, They called
the Hand ^»/^«<r;<<, which fignifiethCj>-Mf and ex^//, thinking that the Sunnegauc
light to no other World then this and the other Hands adioyning , Haiti figniticth
C^aggic^ and fuch is the Hand in many places, with high CraggieHillcs, ouerloo-
king the deep and darke Valleys. But in many places it is nioft beautifull and flouri-
fliing.Itfeemethtoenioyapcrpctuall Ipring, the.trecs alway flourifhing, and the
inedowes clothed in greene. The Ay re and the Waters arc holfome. It is in manner e-
quailydiuidcd with fourc great Riuers defcending from high mountaines, whereof
7««»^ runneth Eaft; - 4m^««/r>«, Weft; 7\7<f^;^4, to the South ; and /<«c/&f , North-
ward. Some diuide it into fine Prouinces, (^aiz.cimu, Hnbaba^ Caihabo, B/iiHoa, GuaC'
caiarima. In the firft of theie there is a great Caue, in a hollow Rockc, vnder the root
ofahighMountaine', abouttwofurlongs from the Sea; the cntrieislike the doorcs
of a great Temple.Many Riuers floie their waters from the fight of the Sunne,the vfc of
men, and the ordinarie officers of T^ptunes Cuftomc-houfe , and by fccret paflagcs
came and hid themfelues in this Caue. So the Ilanders imagined , fccmg diucrfe Ri-
uers fwallowed vp of the earth,after they had runnc fourc fcorc and ten milcs,and fuch
a finkeorchaiinellof waters in the Caue.

The Iflandcrs beleeucd, that thelfland had a vitall fpirit , and that there it dot^
breath : and ahole therein is thefcmalcnaturethereof Cforof thatfexe they dccmcit)
euen as Antiquitie conceited the ebbing and flowing of the Sea to bee the breath of
Demogergon.

Andreas'- A/ora/^cntred in withhisfThlp, which was almoft fwallowed v9ith the
Whirle-pooles, and boyling of the water. Cloudes , engendrcdofthofe waterie con-
fliftsj and darkneflcjlayed hold on his eyes; terrible noyfe, as of the fals ofNilui,
made deafe his cares, that when with labour he had gotten out, hee feemed to haue ef-
caped the barkings of Ctfr^frw, and the obfcure Vaults of Hell, Vpon the toppesof
high monntaines, the fame Aioralu faw a Lake, three miles in compafle , into which
many little Riuers ranne, without any other apparant iflue,

InBainoaisaLakeofSalt water, notwithftanding it receiucth fourc great freffj
Riuers from the Eaft, Weft, North,and South, and t wcntie fmaller : and within a fur-
long of the Lake, on the North-fide, are two hundred frefli-fprings. Ic is thought to
haue a large entercoufe with the Ocean, becaufe there arc Sharkes (great Sea-fifhes,
which deuoure men) in the fame. Here are ftormes and tempefts, which leeme to bee
the Caters and Purueyors for thofe fifhes, in drowning many. Diucrfe other Lakes arc
mentioned in this Hand ; one whercofpartly fait, partly fiefli.is fiuc and twcntie miles
long, and eight broad. They are all in a large Plaine, a hundred and twentic miles ip
length and breadth, betwceneeightccne and fiue and twcntie. There is another Vale
two hundred miles long, and broader then the former: and another as broad as that,
which is a hundredand fourcfcore miles long.

Bort.dt las Cafas telleth of a Kingdomcin Hifpaniola, called Magua^ which figni-
ficth a Plaine, compaflcd aboutwith hils, which watered the fame with thirtie thou-
fand Riuers and Brookes ; twcluc of them were very great : and all which come from
the Weft (twcntie thoufand in number) are enriched withGold. ' ■ "^

CotobiisaPlaineonthctoppesofHiiles, fohigh, that it isfubieftto the fourC
feafonsof theycare. There is alfo another Region of the famename, moft barren,
and yet moft rich ; full of Mines, otherwifc vnfruitfull ; a thing common in Nature,
that grcatMinesvndcrmincfcrtilitie; and not ftrange amongft men , that the grea-

teft



a Ortd.Tbeat.
b Celumbus cal-
led it Cipangn
thinking it to
be that Hand
which Maicm
I'anlui cals by
that natnein
the £aft.E;>5,
Ih.

He called it al-
fo 0[¥tr , thin-
king it to bee
tiiat whence
Salomon had
bis Gold,
M«rt,Dec,yl7.



Dff.7.8,



po6 OfBifpanJola^^c. GHAP.14.



tcft hoordcrs of Trcafures are the moft vnfmitfull , and barren in good workes. The
gold(they fay)is as aliuing trec,\vhich rooting in the centre of the earth, fendcih forth
branches vnto the vppermoft face of the Earth^and there flicwcth forth ccrtaine bcau-
tifull colours in (lead of FlowerSj round ftoncs of golden Earth in ftead of Fruits, and

tDecL^. thinneplatcs in flead of Leaues. From this Hand ^ was yearely brought foure or fii^e

hundred thouland Duckats ofGold yearely. They imagine fomc diuine nature to bee
in Gold, and therefore neuer gather it, but they vie ccrtaine religious expiations, ab-
ftaining from women, delicate meates and drinkes, and all other pleafurcs.

There is aniland a little from Hifpaniola which hath aFountainc in it, comming
by fecret paflages vndcr the Earth aj^jd Sea, and rifeth in this llandrwhich they bclceuc,
bccaufe it bringeth with it the Icaiies ofmany Trees , which grow in Hifpaniola, and
not in this Hand; the Spaniards call thclle ^x^r«/;«/J. 0«»(r</# mentions a little Hand

1 i C.ix. beweene this and famaica^C2l\ed A^<t«<«i*4,halfe a league from which arc many rocks

in the Sea about fiue foot couercd with water:out of which iflueth and fpouteth,aboue
the water of the Sea, a fpout of frcfh water as great as a mans arme , that it may be rc-
cciued and taken fweei and good. This was feenc by Stephana deHa Reccaamiti of
good credit.
i.'-si • '. / Thellel'of Hifpaniola is much infeftcd with Flycs, or Gnats, whofc pricking cau-

b%Ti>mfiii.iip- feth wonderful! fwclling: aUo there isa VVormc called Nigua which crecpcrh into the

'^K-o-i- . folcsof mens feet, and makes them grow as biggc as a rrians head , with extrcmitie of

paine ; for which they hauc no rcmedie, but to open the flefh fometimes three or foure

c Mart.dec.7.9. inches, and fodigge them out. The Gnats = are fotroubiefomc, that the Inhabitants

OuiedA.iw^' doe therefore build low houfes,and make little dore?, which they keep clofe, and for-
beare to light Candles.Naturc hath to this difeafc ordained a remedie.nainelyjccrtainc
Creatures, called C«c«^, which is a kinde of Beetles. Thefe hauc foure lights, which
fhine in the night; two in the feat of his eyes, and two which be fliewctth when hee
opencth his winges. The people get thefe and bring them to their houfe*-, which there
doc them a double feruicc : they kill the Gnats, and giue fo much light, that men may
fee to read and write letters by the light of one ; and many of them feeme as fo many
candles.They had but three forts offoure-footed Bcafts^and thok veneUtk.Now men
arcexhauft, andBeaftsmuItiplied, in fb ftrangc manner , thatrne2)w»i'<r ofthe Con-
ception, carrying! Cow thither, fhc was aliuc fixe and twcntie yearcs after , and her
fruitful! generation was multiplied in the Hand to eight hundred. They are now
growne wilde, as their Doggcs alfo. They kill their Kine for the Hides : fiue and thirtie
thoufand were tranfportcd to Spaine when Acejla returned , in the yeare of our Lord

0««rf./.if,f,i. oriethofand fiue hundred cightie feucn. Ants haue becnc as noyfome to Hifpaniola as
Gtaflioppers in many parts of the Worldiin the yeare i jiP- ^nd two yeares aftcr.they
ruined their farmc-houfes, and fpoiled their Oranges, Cannafiftula, & their fruit- trees.
They could keep nothing in their houfcs which was fit to bee eaten , from them : and
if they had continued in like quantitie, they would haue difhabitcd ihc Hand and
left it defolatc. But they chofe by lotte a Saint, to whole tuition they might
■commit thcmfclues in that extremity, which fel vpon SatHrrwHs,v\ho was fa'ne to be-
come their Pacronagainft the Pifmires . Thefe Ants were little and blacke : another
fort were enemies to thefe and wrought againft them and chafed them out of their
holdes, and were not huttfull but as good Bencfaflors (\iOuiedo fay true ofthcm) as
I canbeleeueof5<if«r»««»«. Other forts there are many, of which feme become win-
ged and fill the aire with fwarmes: which fometimes happens in jEngland. On Bar-
thf/ffiew day hR i6i;.I was in the IlandofFouIncfleonour Eflcx-fhore, where were
fuch clouds of thefe flying Pifmires that we could no where flie from them , but they
filled our clothes, yea the Floores of fome houfes where they fell, were in maner coue-
rcd with a blacke carpet of creeping Ants ; which tl^ey fay drowne themfelucs about
that time of the yeere in the fea. Outede tcls of other Ants with white heads which cac
through wals and timbers ofhoufes and caufe them to fall. There are fome Cater-pil-
lers afpan-long, and others leflc,but more venomous . There are wormes which doe
fo much harmc in Timber, that a houfe of thirty yeeres in this Hand would be as rui-
nous and fccmc as old as one of a i oo. in fpamc : and thole which could not be old

when



ii.Mii r * • ^— ^— ■ ! I ■! ™ — ■ " '■■■ ■ i ■■ I I .^ — . _ —

Chap.Ii. AMERICA. The ninth 'Booke. 5^07



when he wrot this, fecmcd as ifthey had flood 1 50. yccres. Many other fmall crc3tur(Js
this our Author mentions, but my Relations would be too great to follow him.

Before the Difeoucry of this Ifland by Columhmand the Spaoiards, thefe Ilanders of
Hifpaniola were fore-warned thereof by Oracle . There 5 Caakes and Btihiti ( thatis, g Ma.n.Vec,u
their Kings and Priefts) reported to ^o/«/w^«4-. That the father ot(7(2mw.r;«f, the pre- i'^-9. ^ ^.^
lent King,and another Cactkf,vio\x\^ needs be importnnnte demanders ohhenZemeY, Omd.gm:^'.' '■
or Gods^of future eucnts, and therefore abftained fine dnyes together from ailmeat and ' " "*'
drink, ("pending the time in continnall mourning. The Z ernes made anfwcr, That there
would come, not many yeeresafter,vnto that Ifland,aflr3ngeNa;ion,cIothed,beardedj,
armed with ftiining fwords, that would cut a man a fundcr in the middle 5 which fhould
delkoy the ancient Images of their Gods , abclilTi their Rites, and flsy their childrci?.
To remember this Oracle, theycompofed a mcurnefuIlDity , which they call Areito^-
which on fome folemne daies they vfed to fing . Their Pricfls were Piiyficians and Ma-
giciansorDiuinours.

Ouiedo fjitb that they danced at finging of their Areitt cr Ballads , which word Ivfc
becaufc it hath that dcriuacion which argueth dancing afwel as finging. Thefe dances are
gcnerallthorow America. In this Hand they danced, fometimcs men alone, andfome-
times women alone , but in great folcmnities they were mixed , and danced in a circle,
one leading the dance; the meafurcs whereof were compofed tothcareito, of which
one fang aVcrfc,and all the refl followed finging and dancing.and fo thorow euery verfe
of the fame till it was ended, which fomctirrics continued till the next day . z/^tiacaona,
the widow of the Cacique 'C<je«<?^9, entcrtJyned the Spaniards with adance of three
hundcred maides . Thus thefe Areitos were their Chronicles and memorial!; of things
pafled, as we read of the Bards in thefe parts. They vfed lometimes drummes or tabers
to thefedanccs,madconlyofwcod, hollow, and open right againflthatplace where
they did flrikc. In fome places they couered them with Decre-skinnes but here were no '
beafls in this Hand that could yeelde any for fuch purpofe. They had Tabacco in religi-
ous cflim3tion,not onely for fanity, but for fanii^ity alfo, * as Omedo writetb,the frnoke " Konfolamenii
whereof they tooke in at the nofe with a forked pipe fitted to both nofihriIs,hoIding the "'^ ^'""'' ""■
finglc end in the fmokc of the hcatbc burning in the fire, till ihey became fenflcfle.Thcir ^"^""^ '"''*"''
Priefls mofl vfed this.which comming to thcmfclues after this flcepie fumfjdeiiucred the
Oracles oftheirZfww or Dcuils, which fometimcsfpakebythem.

Now concerning the ZfWfj ( which could fore-tell that which they couldnotauert)
and the fuperrtitions of Hifpaniola , ^ the Spaniards had becne long- in the Iffand j-f^jy^'o't-*
before they knew, thatthepeopleworfhipped any thing but 'theLighrs ofHeaiun ; fljippedthe
but after , by further conuerfmg and liuing amongft them , they came to know Sunnc,and
more of their Religion, of which, ons Ramonm , a SpanifhHerrmite, writa Booke, prayed toitar
and cJW^^-rer hath borrowed of him to lendvs . It is apparicnt by the Images which Sun rifing.
they \vorfh:ppcd, that there appeared vnto them certaine illufions of euill fpirits. Thefe
Images they made of Goffampine cotten hard flopped , fitting , like the piftures of the
Deuill , which they called Ztmes ; whom they take to be the mediatours and meflen-
gers ofthe greatGod,which they acknowledge, One, Eternal!, Infinite, Omnipotent,
Inuifible.Of thel'e they thinke they obtaine raine, or faire weather, and wlien they goe
to the Warres, they haue certaine little ones which they bind to their fore-heads. Euc-
rie King hath his particular Zemes, which heehonoureth. They cal the cternalGod by
thefe two names, focauna, and Guamatiomocon, as their predeccfibrs taught them « af-
firming. That he hath a Father called by thefe fine names, Jttabeira, (JMamena,
Guacaraptta, Liella,GHtmaK.oa.

They make theZ*w« of diuerfe matter and forme : fome of Wood, -as they were
admonifhedby ccrtaitic Vifions appearing to them in the Woods : others, which
had recciued anfwere of them among the Rockes , make them of Stone : fome of
Rootes, tothefimilitudcof fuchasappeare to them when they gather the Rootes
whercofthey make their bread, thinking that the Zemes fent them plcntic^of thefe
Roootes . They attribute a Zemts to the particular tuition of euery thing ; as fomc-
times the Pagan, and nowthePopifh Romanes : fome alTigncd to the Sea, others

Gggg to



«o8 OfHi^aniolayi^c, Chap,I4.



toFountaines, Woods, or ot^cr their peculiar charges. When the 5o«>^confu!t with
the Zemes, they goe into the houfc dedicated to him, and with the pouder of :hc hearb
Cohohha, fnufFcd into their nofthrils, are deflra(ftcd j after which, returning ai out of a
trance.heteJlethjThattheZfwe/hadfpokcntohim, andvttcreth his reuelations. They
fay,That a ccrtainc King, called Cmmarctut , had a Zemes, whofe name was Ccroche-
tttrru, which often vfed to defcend from the top of the hcufc, where Gw^wdr^rw/kcpc
himclofe bound : the caufc of his breaking loofe was cither to hide himfclfe , or to goe
feckeforineat, or elfc for the ad of generation : and that fomctimts being offended,
that the Km^Guamaretiu had not honoured him diligently ; he was wont to He hid for
certainc daies. In this Kings Village were fom:; children borne with two Crownes,
which they fuppofcd to be theiflTueofthisZifw^fj. And when this Viilage was burned
bytheEnemic, this Zfww brake hi? band , and was found a furlong off, without any
harme. He had another Zemes, called EplegHanita , made of Wood, being in fliape
like a foorc-footed Bcaft , which went often from theplace where hee was honoured,
intoihe Woods. When they perceiued that he was gone, agreat miiltiiudegr.tlcrcd
together to fceke him, with deuout prayers : and when they had found him , i-rcught
him home reiigioufly on their fhouldeis, to tl c Chappcll dedicated vnto him. But after
the Spaniards comming into the lfland,he fled for altogether,and could ncucr be found;
vvhereby they diuined the deflru(flion of their Cuuntrey.

They honoured another ZfWfx, in the likcncffc of a woman , on whom waited two
other, hkc men. One of thefc executed the cfficeofamcffengertothcZtww, that had
authorityofClouds, Wmdes, andRaine, and are at command of this woman : theo-
therpetformcdthcIiketotheZfzwwof the Waters that fall from the Hils, thatbeing
loofed .they might breake into Floucfs, and oucr-flow the Countrcy, if the people doe
not giuc due honour to her Image.
VMxtttVeCi' Let vsadde to this relation oftheZfww of Hi fpaniola an accident in Cuba, AMa-
''*♦*• finer being ficke, was there left on fhore, whorccoueiing, grewintofauour with the

King, and was employed in his wars with great fucc: fie againfl the enemie. He attribu-
ted his vi6tories to the VirgineJ/<«ry, whofepi6)ure hehadinhis bofome. TheKing
by his pcrfwafion reie6ted \i\%Zemes, anddcdcatcd aChappelland Altar to this Fi-
gure, wKitherhcandall his family reforted a little before the Sunne-fet, bo wiiig their
heads, and faying, Aue Maria, Aue Maria ; further they could not fay. They bcfc t the
fame with Icwels, and many Earthen-pots, fomcwith fundry meatcs, fomc with
water, round about the Tabernacle, which they offered in flcad of facrifice, as before
they had done to their Zemes . Being demanded , why thty did thus , they anfwcrcd,
Lcaft itfhould lackcmcat. For they belceuc , that Images may hunger, and doe cat
and drinke.

They told of this pillure, Thatbeing carried with them into the Warrcs (as they
vfe to bring their Zemes with them into the bat tell) this made the Zemes of the enemy
turne hisbacke, yea, a woman (a lye, or a Deuiil ) defceadcd in the fight of them all to
play the Bellona for her follovvcrs;and in a contention betwixt them, whether the Zemes
or this Lady were more excellent, two young men ofeach fide were bound, andwhe-
therDeityfliouldloofcrj her party, that fhould be their God. Both inuokc: theDeuill
appeared in vgly (hape, and by and by a faire Virgin, whereat the Deuiil vanifhcd ( doe
youbelecuc it?) and the Virgin with touch of a rod loofed her mans hand=,which were
found on the other aduetfe party, being now double-bound. Thus can the Deuiil tranf-
formcl)imfclfe into an Angeliof Light, at Loretto,in Hifpaniola.and where elfc foeuer
be can be cntertayued ; the name of Saints, and promife of Heaucn, fliall further his hel-
liOidefignet.
lDf^7.lo, 1\:\ty had fefliuall Solemnities in Kifpaniola i to their Zemes ; whereunto the Kings

fummoned their fubiedsby publike Criers : and they, neatly drefTed after their man-
ner , painted with diucrs colours of hearbes , reforted thither , with tin ir arroes,



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 172 of 181)