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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 173 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 173 of 181)
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thighci, leggcs, adorned with fliels , to make Mufickein their dancing. Thus they
prefented themfclaes before the King , who fat drumming at the entrance of the Gate.
When they vvere to facrifice, thcypurged ihemfcluesfirft, thruflingdowne afacrcd

hooke



Ch A P,i4- AMERICA. The ninth ^ooke. 969

hooke into their throat, and by vomit emptied their bodies. After, they went into

the Kings Court, and all fate in a ring about the Idoll, crofle-leggedhke Taylours,

and wry-ncckcd forreucrence, praying, that their Sacrifice mi^ht be accepted. The

women in another place, \Ahen the Prieftsgauc warning, fell to dancing and finging

(in manner 35 is before expreflcd) the praifc of their Zemes, and offered Cakes in baf-

kcts, concluding with Songs in prayfe of their ancient Kings, and prayers for future

profpcritie. After this, both Sexes kneeled downc, and offered their Cakes; which

thePricflsreceiuing, cutinpeecesjgiuingtoeueryman a portion, which he kept vn-

touched the whole yearc, for a holy Rcliquc, efteeming that houfe in danger of Fire

and Whirlewindes, that is not preferued with this rcfcrued peece of Cnke, They fee-

med foiTietimes to hearc a voice from their Zemes, (whether by thcillufion of the

Priefts.orihe Diuell) which the Priefts interpreted byiheir behauiour : for if they

danced and lung, all was well : but it" they went forrowfully, the people went forth

fighing, and gaucthemfelues to fafting.euen to extreame faintneffe with weeping,vn-

tillthcy thought thfirZ^ww reconciled. In this Hand they had * as many wiucs as ' Oukd.Gen.

they were able to fulkine, the Cacique "Behecatu had thirtie, two of which were bu- h;/'i'''^-5-«H"

ried with him perforce. Some of them were addided to lufts of Sodomie and others

more (if more may be)vnnaturall. Generally they were very luxurious, both men and

women: yet they abHaincd from mother, lifter, and daughter (other degrees they

fpared not ) thinking that fuch inceft would bring them to an euill death. In their

buying and felling they weighed nottheworthof things, but oncly their ownefan-

cie, as we fee in children. Theeuesthey cruelly punifhcd, empaling ihem on ftiarpc

flakes aliuc.

Touching the original! of Man, thus they fable. There is in the Hand a Region cal-
led Caunana, where they faine that mankind came fitft out of two Caues of a Moun-
taine called Cautatand that the biggcft fort of men camefoi th ofthe mouthof the big-
geftCaue,andtheIeaftfortfutofthclcaft Caue: this Caue they name Amatatina, the
greater,Cij;c<^.u'<i^»^. Before men iDight come out ot the Caue,the mouth thereof was
kept and watched nightly, by a man whofe name was (J^iachochaet, who deoarting
further to looke abroad, \vas by the Sunne (the fight of whom he was forbidden) tur-
ned into aftone. They faine the Lkeofoihcrs turned into rrees;for going fo far afifh-
ing in the night, that they could not returne before the rifing of the Sunne. A certainc
Ruler alfo, called V.'ge-Jiona, fent one forth of the Caue a filliing, who by the Sunnes
furptifall, was turned into a Nightingale, whicTtheretoiein the night bewaileth his
miifortune. VagomonH fore t oubled with this lofle, leaning the men in the C^ue,
broiightrorth the womenandfuckingchijdrcn, andlcauing the women in an Hand of
that Tra6t, called cJW'j'^'w.p, carricdthechildrenaway withhim, which being op-
prefled with famine, fainted; and remained on the batikcsot a c rtaine Riucr, where
they were turned to Frogs, and cried ro^./ff^, aschild-en with them vfe to crie for the
dugge. And hence alfo come thofe pitifull ctyings ofthe Frogs in the Spring-time, As
ioxVogantona, he by fpeciall priuiledge was not transformed : wandering in diners pla-
ces, he dcfcended to acertainefaire woman, whomhefawin thebnrtomeof the (ca,
and receiued of her bright plates of Latcn, and a kmde of ftones which their Kin" s
greatly eftecmed. Another Caue they had (for the former tale is endleffe, as Supetfti-
tion commonly is) called lonanaboitia^ adorned with piifturej of a thoufand fafliio* s.
In the entrance were two grauen Zemes, whereof one w as called Binihaitel, and the
other CMarohn. Out of this Caueihey fay the Sunne an ^Moonefirft came to giue
light to the world. They made religious concourfetothefe Caues, andmengoeon
pilgrimage to Rome, Compoftclla or Iciufalem.

They had a fuperditious conceit of their dead: who (they thought) walked in the
night, and eate the fruit (juannaba (which is like to a Quince) and that they would de-
ceiue women, in taking the fhapeofmen; making, although they would haue to doc
with them, andfuddenly vanifh away. If^ any feeling a ftrangc thing in his bed, made
doubt whether it were a dead bodie,hc might be refolucd by feeling on his belly, bc-
caufc thelc ghofts could take all other members of mans bodie, but not the nauell ( as
fomcwith 7i imagine that the Diuell can take thewholefhapeof aman, oneiy his

Gggg 2 clawe?



p I o OfHi^afiiola.zyc. C h a p . 1 4.



clawes excepted) : thcfc dead men, they fay, often met them by the way, and if a mam
•were not afraid, they vaniflied; but ifhewcreafraid.ihey would afTault him, and ma-
■ny hereby hiue beenc taken with the Jcfle of their limbcs. Thefe fuperrtitions were
left them by tradition in Rithmcs and Songs from their fore-fathers, which it was
lawfullfor none to learne, but onelythe Kings fonnes. They fung them before the
people on foIemncFealts, playing on an inftrumcnt hke a Timbrel. Their Toiti) oi
Priells inflrud them in thefe fuperrtitions : thefe arc alfo Phyficians, making the peo-
ple beleeue that they obtainc health for them of the Zemes. T\^cy lye themfclues to
much fafting.and outward dcanlinefle and purging; efpccially where they take vponi
them the cure of great men : for then they drunke the powder of a certainc hcarbe
which brought them into a furje, wherein they faid they learned many things of their
Zcmes.

Much adoe they make about the fickepartie, deforming thenjfelues with many gc-
flures, breathing, blowing, fucking the fore-head, temples, and necke of the patient j
fometimes alfo faying that the Zemes is angrie for not ercfting a Chappell, or dedica-
ting to him a Groue or Garden, or the negledt of other holies. And if the fickcpartic
die, his'kinf.folkes by witchcraft enforce the dead to fpcake, and tell them whether he
died by naturall deflinie, or by the negltgcnce of the Boitii, in not falting the full due
or miniftringconuenient medicine : lo that if thefe Phyfuiansbe found faultie, they
take rcucngc of them. They vfed in miniflring their Phyfickc, to put certainc Hones
or bones in their mouthes, which if ihe women can get , they ktepe religioufly, be-
kcuingthemto be profitable for them in trauell, and honour them, as they doc their
Zemes.

When their Kings died,they buried thebeft beloued of their concubines with them,
who alfo had other women buried for their attendants,together with their lewels zad
ornaments. They had in the Sepulchre befidethcm a cup full of water, andfomeof
their C^y^«;.brcad.Hif()aniola is (faith flfr^r^jin ip.deg.l.hathtenSpanifhtownes,
and hath foinetimc had in it fourteene thoufand Canilians. Omedo reporteth of a Hu-
ricano or Tempeft, which, ijo8. threw downe all the houfes, except fomc which
were built offtone in Domingo: and the whole Towne of .§«<>«<» Ventura changed
his name into MaU Ve»tHra, being hereby quite ouerthrowne. Twentie faile and
more were loft in the harbor of Domingo. Many men were lifted vp and carried in the
aire many bow-{bots,fome being therby miferably bt uifed.In Inly the next yeare hap-
pened another more terrible then theformer. But now, faith he, thcfc hiiracanes arc
nothing (o fierce, fince the Sacrament is placed in the Churches.

Hauing thus wearied you with this longftay in Hifpaniola(by which ye may gueflc

ofthe neighbouring Hands) we will hafle homeward, and not touching in any Hand

by the way (for we could but touch and away) wee may aduenture, notwithttanding

the wonted danger, vpon Bermuda. Danger hath made it now not fo dangerous : «a-

,r iumeittshzuchcencdocuwenis. For while fomehauebeene wracked there, they hauc

.V made vertueof NeccfTitiCjand fo well obferucd the coafl,that skill hath almoft fecured

that which Nature had feemed to fet there in defiance, both of Habitation and Naui-

gation, to both which it is now fubiccfted by our Nation. It was called Bermuda, as

1 Qickdn llb-i. 1 Ouiedo (iv.\i,o? lohnBermndez, which firfl difcoueredit, and (J^r^^iof the fhippcs

delhi^.fnd. name wherein he then failed : 0«/>i:/owriteth that he was lutt by it,and had thought to

haue fent fome Hogges on fliore there to hauenHiltiplied, but by force of tempeft was

driucn thence : and others either of like purpofe,or by force of fhip wracke haue fincc

mBotm. done it. It <" is alfo called the Hand of Daiels, which they fuppofe inhabite there;

* lob Hertop and the Inchanted Hand; but thefe are inchantcd conceits. lol; * Hortep rclateth,

ap H^li, That in the height of Bermuda they had fight of a Sea-monftcr, which three times

fliewed himlclfefrom the middle vpwards, in fhape like a man ofthe complexion of a

Mulato or tawnie Indian. But this name was giuen it not of fuch Monflers, but of the

monftious tempefts which here they haue often fuftaind.Sir G.bommers hath defcrued

that it fhould beare his n3me,by his endeuors there- abouts teftified in life & death. He

w ith Sir T./J-j/Wjas before is faid,werc wrackt on the Hand, which lofTe turned to fomc

gainc,a$ il God would giue them this into the Virginia-bargainc. Before, An. 159?.

Henry



\



Chap.14' AMERICA. The ninth 'Booke:



pii



Henry " ^4;, an EogIi(1h-man, inaFrcnchfliipwaj Wracked thereon, and hath gi-
uenTsfomedifcourfc thereof: more fully hath 5y«^/?fr " /ff«r<^;««, one of that Virgi-
nian Company.one of the company of thofe worthy Knights,in a Treatifc of that {Kip-
wracke, and the difcouery of Bermuda. The commodities whereof hec reckoncth,
varictie of Fifhes ,plentie of Hogs (which it fccmeth hauc cfcaped out of feme wracks)
diuers fruits, Mulberics, Silke-wormes, Palmitos, Cedars, Pearles, Amber-grife : Buc
the moft ftrange thing feemes the varictie of Fowle, of which they tookc a thoufand
of one fort in two or three houres.being as big as a Pigcon.and laying fpeckled egges,
as big as Hens egges, on the fsnd, where they come and lay them daily, although men
fit downcamonglt them. When Sir Thomm ^4f«hismenhaue takena thoufand of
them,Sir George Semmers men haue flayed a while by them, and brought away as ma-
ny more. Another Fowle there is,that liueth in holes like Cony holes ; their egge like
in quantitieand qualitic to Hen-cgges. Other birds were fo gentle, that whiltltPg
to them, they would come and gaze on you, while with your fticke you might kill
them. Other egges they had of Tortoifes, a bufhell in the belly of one, very fwee te ;
they tooke fortie of them in a day : and one would fcrue fiftic men at a mealc. Two
■were there borne, and other two married, to make the moft naturallpoflcffion there-
of forourNation; which now in hope of good fucceflc hath there planted an ha-
bitation. That wracked Company built there a fliippc and a pinace, and fet failefor

Virginia.

pyilliam StrAchte in a large difcourfe, with his fluent and copious pen hath defcribed
that Tempeft which brought them to this Hand, affirming that there was not an hourc
]n foure dayes, in which they freed not out of their almoft captiucd fliip.tweluc hun-
dred barricoes of water, each containing {\yi gallons, and fome eight: befides three
pumps continually going :euery foure houres they bertowed an hundred tuns ofwa=.
tcr on the cruell fea, which feemed more hungric after their bodies, or thirftie for their
bloud : from Tuefday noone.till Friday noonc,they bailed and pumped two thoufand
tuns,and yet were ten foot dcep;nor could they haue holden out one day Ionger,when
they firft had fight of the Bermudas. Thefe(he (aith) are an ArchifeUgut of broken
Hands, not fewer then fine hundred, if all may be fo called which lie by thcmfelucs:thc
grcateli (which lieth like an halfe-moone) is in 1 2.20'. At their firft landing they kil-
led with batts feuen hundred fowIes,Iike to Gulls, at one time. The Hands (eeme rent
with tempefts of thunder, lightning, and rainc,which threaten in time to dcuour them
all: the ftormesinthe full and change kecpc their vnchangeablc round Winter and
Summer, rather thundring then blowing from euery corner, fometimcs eight and for-
tie houres * together ;efpecially when the //^/o (or circle about the Moone) appea-
rethjwhichisoften.&therefouretimesaslargeas withvs. The North and Norihweft
windes caufc Winter in DecemhrJ^nuarj/^znd February: yet not fuch but then yong
birds to be feene. Without knowledge a boat often tuns cannot be brought in, and
yet within is fafe harbour for the greateft fhips. They found there for their fuftenance
■wilde Palmitos, the tops of which trees rofted did eate like fried Melons, foddcn, like
Cabagcs : with the leaues they couered their cabins : Berries blacke and round, as big
as a Damfon^ripe in Dectmber,2LnA very lufcious : in the Winter they fhed their leaues.
No Hand in the world had more or better Fifh. Of Fowles was great vaiictie. They
killed a wildeSwanne. Somethercare which breed in high Hands in holes, to iccurc
them from he Swine. They haue their feafons, one kinde fucceeding another. Be-
lidcsthisrelicfcofFowles.they hadplcntieofTortoifcegges,whichthey!ay asbigas
Goofe egges, and commit to the Sunnc and fands hatching nurferie. They had fome-
times fiue hundred in one of them. Euen heere (left the Hand fhould lofe that former
nimeefDifiells) fome entered into diuellifh conlpiracie three feuerall times. Some
•were banifhed, and after reconciled. Henry Paine was (Lot to death. Some fled to the
woods, but all reduced, except Chriftopher Carter * and ''RflberitVaters. But thefc
Hands hauc now beene pofi>(fed diuers yearcs by an Englifti Colonic ; and rtiy friend
Maftcr "2 4r;^/i7 (which hath beene there, and is now onwards on a fecond Voyage
thither) fccmeth rauifhed with the natural! endowments, both for health and wealth,
pfihcfc Hands: which now are CO be fhared amongft the Aducnturcrs, and fortified

Gggg 3 againft



n Henry May,,
o Syl. lourdnn.



* MyfrienJp'
Mafter Sarl^U])
a Merchant,
reports bccter
of the Bermu-
das feafona-
blcnefle.&c.
and the Plan-
tation it i'elfc
tcftifieththc
health and
wealth therof*



'"Hecontinueil
there till the
Colonic was
planted.



912



Of theSpanip) cruelties in the WeU-lndies ^<CsrC' Ch A P. 15.



af ainft all inuafions,Nature it feife being herein rcadie to further ihcir fecr.ritie againft
tJlic "reatert forrcn force,muftering windes (which fome fay arc violent further oft',biit
calmer ueerc the Hands) and rocks many leagues into the fca, for their dcfcncc:which
now yet thry are gone to ftrengthen, both with men and munition. The Colonie that
is there haue nor oncly fcnt vcrball, but rcall commendations of the place : as may ap-
* Wewesfiom pearcby aTreatife * thereof lately fcr forth by one, which in the Shippc called the
Bermudas, or Plough, failedthither Anno i6i 2. wherein is declared the commodities there found,
Soniiner I- as Mullets, Brcamcs, Lobftars, and angel-like Hog-fifh,Rockfi{h,&c. as before isfaid.
The aire is very healthfull, as their experience (the beftargumcnt) hath found, and a-
greeing well with Englifh bodies: the ground as fertile as any (they fay) in the world:
Ambergreece, Pearlc, Cedars and other vnknowne Timbers r (lore of Whales and o-
ther commodities, which would be tedious torehearfe : which I hope and pray,m3y
further ptofper, to the profit of this and the VirginiaPlantations. From hence and
thencc.I am now paifing in an Englifli fhip for England,where to paflcaway tcdiouf-
Bcfle of the Voyage, I will entcrtaine my Reader with a difcourfc of the more then te-
dious aadfaltidiousSpanifli cruelties.



Lnds.



a Ahn. Cop.vd

potimN.tlarpf-

fidd,'Di. - !oii,vt

tefl-i'm- lo Ha-t.

hBcUirJeNot.

gcck(lx.tib.4.

CniiniEnchl'td.

PoU'ruiH. Appn-

rat.hb.\6.c 6.

H;//.Realon5.



Archbifhop
^bbet.



c /loflilib.^.
de pracurand.
IndfiLitccn.-^.
<1 And Vfg.ide
f.f^opcnbiii.

* Ed.Sfcretfscd
of Religion
aiid Lang.(?.io.
lir lit. Mait.de
I'alentia.N.di
G.ap.H-v.^.
Oiiudiilib.iy,
tep.f.



Chap. XV.

of the Span/jlj cruelties in the IVeH. Indies : and of theperuerfe cenuerfien of
the Indians vnt» chriiiianttie.

Vg^gy^ »g^g^Or as much as thePapifts doe vfually glory in the purchafe of anew
fe rV^f§\4f World vnto their Religion, and would haue mcnbeleeue, that (ince
^ ^^{((©> this Scripture-Herefie hath made new Romcto tremble now, no Jcffc
m, ^f'^'^ '^^" Hanmbal did her Pagan-Mother, they haue a new * fupply with
^^^^^^ muchaduantageinthis WefterneWoildof America; andtheymakc
thistheir Indian conilerlion, one of the Markes of '' the trucneflc and
Catholicifmcof their Church, which hath gained (if Pcjfeuine \ic not) an hundred
times as much in the New World towards the Weft, South, and Eaft, by new Con-
uerts, as it hath loft in the North parts by Heretikcs : where through both the Hemi-
fpheres (faith Hill) thefe thoufand yeares, nay as farte as the Sunne fliineth, there is no
tongue, nor people, nor climate, which hath not in fome mcafure (fuch a meafurc per-
haps as he meaiuredhis truth and wit withall in this afl'ertion) the Catholike Roman
Religion. I would we could borrow the height of this Hill, whereon toftandando-
uer-uicwfo many parts of the world yet vnknowne, and learne of this Giant ty4tUi
(how eafiiy may this mute become a liquid?) which beareth thas the Hemifphere,
of his Raman heaucn on his mounting fiioulders, anew Geographic. But his impu-
dencic is alreadie fufficicntly whipped and expofcd to the worlds derifion,hy him,thc
neerencflc of whofe prefence doth now fo much glad me after fo long and far a Pilgri-
mage. His learned pen hath fhe wed the like bold bragges of Bnfiow and Staplettn
his Mafters, and proued them fables.For further confutation whereof, it {hall not be
amifle toobfcruc the proceedings of the Spaniards in thefeparts. And herein wee
willvfethewitiicfleof mcnof theirowneRomifhReligion. lefephm ' AcoTla,z'\e-
fuitSjWritcth, that the Indians conceiuc an implacable hatred againft the Faith, by
the fcandall of the Spaniards cruelties : and that they h»ue baptifcd fome by ioxce.Vc'
gA A accufeth them of Baptifing without making them know the faith.or takingknow-
ledgc of their life. And how could it otherwife be, when * wcfindc it recorded of fun-
drie oftheir Preachers,that baptifed each one of ihem aboue an hundred thoufand,and
that in few yeares. In fo much that ( as is ftoried by Surttu ) it is to be found among
.the records of CW/e/thefift, that fome old Prieft hath baptifed feuen hundred thou-
fand, another three hundred thoufand. Some of thefe were fo good Chriftians, that^
they ftill continued (as Xwwwtf^^/GMi-w/jwwritcth to the Emperour) the facrifices ot
humane flcfb. 0/-<;(r</owri"teth, that they haue but the name of ChriftianSjand are bap-
tifcd



Chap.i5' AMERICA. Theuinth'Bdoke. p^

tifed rather becaufe they arc of age then for dcuotion to the faith, and noiiC 6r Vcry-

fewofthcm arc Chriftians willingly.

He that will readc what they lately haue done in SpainCwith the remnants of the

MooreSjfnay perhaps fatisfiehimfelfe with the realons of « Frier Ftf»/ff<i in defence e vhmmana

thereof. But for the poore Indians, J5<»)'rWow4:«y^? /m Cafas, afDominike Frier, of ronfecj ddgm-

the fame order with F«»/^f.«,and after a Bifhop in America, hath Written a large and flo fauaamcmo

vnanfwerableTreatiie of the enormous cruelties, & vnchriftian AntichriHian proccc- 'f^' Morefckd.t

dine? in the new world.thefummc whereof is this, That the Indians were a {imple ^/'■•S"''- '^ ^"^"

" . ^ .. .. i-x 1 J, I r i„ ■,/■ arc alio ex-

harmcleflcpeople, loyall to their Lords, and luch as gauendcaufe to the Spaniards of picfltdinthc

diflikc,till they by extreame iniuries were prouokcd : they arc alfo docible and pliant. Kings Prccla-
both togooddodrinc andliuing. Tothefe Lambes,faiihhe, the Spaniards came as mationtobe
crucll and hungrie Tygres,Beares,and Lions,intending nothing thole fottie years (he l]"^tfie.;'po"
wrote this y4»». 1542.) but bloud and flaughter,tofatisHc their Auaricc and Ambiti- "3''^'^'<=^'°"s
on : in fo much that of three millions of people.which were contained in Hifpanrola bf w'ith the Turk '
the Naturall inhabitanfs.therc fcarfe remained at thattime three hundred, and now as &c.
Alexandra Vrfino reporteth none at ail : onely two and twciatic thoufand Negros and f Bjr.cuf.Hi-
fome Spaniards refide there. f^an.crudclitat,

Cuba,and the other Hands had indured the like mifcric,and in the firnhc Land tenne
Kingdonies,greater then all Spaine, were difpeoplcd and delolatc, and in thatfpacc
there had not periflied Icfle then twclue millions by their tyrannic : and he might truly
fay that fiftie millions had payed Natures debt.

In the Hand Hifpaniola the Spaniard had their firft Indian habitations, where their
cruelties draue the Indians to their fhifts, and to their weake defence, which caufed
thofc enraged Lions, to fpare neither man, woman, nor chiKJe : they ripped vp the
great. bellied women,3nd would lay wagers, who could with moft dcxteritie ftrike
ofFanlndianshead.orfmitchimafunder in the middle: they would pluck thelnfiints
by the heelcs fiom their mothers bre3fts,and dadi out their braines againft the ftones^
orwithafcofFehurlethem intothcRiuer. They fct vp Gibbets, and in honour of
ChriftandhixtweIucApoftles(astheyfaid, and could the Diuell fay wor!e?)they
would both hang and burne them, O.hers they tooke,and cutting their hands almort
off, bid them carrie thofc letters (their hands dropping bloud.and almoft dropping off '
themfclucs) to their Countrey-mcn, which (forfeare of the like) lay hidden in the
Mountaines. The Nobles and commanders,thcy broiled on gridirons : I once ( faith'
our Author) law fourc or fiue of the chiefe of them thus rofted , which maknVg a la-
mentable noifc.the nicer Captain bad they fhould be flrangled.buc the iruell torrhen-
tor,chofc rather to flop their mouthes.fo to preucnt their out- cries, and to continue
their broyling til! they were dead. They had Dogs to hunt them out of their couerts,-
which deuoured the poore foulcs : and becaufe fometimes the Indians, thus prcuoked,'
would kill a Spaniard, if they found opportunitic, they made a law, chat a hundred of
them fliouid for one Spaniard be flaine. The King of Magua offered to till the ground
for them fiftie miles {["lacejifthcy would fpare him and his people from the mines. The
Capraineinrccompencedeflowrcdhis wifc.andhe hiding himlelfe, was taken, and
fentinto Spaine; butthefiiipperifhed in the way, and therein that admirable g graine ., p. Mart.
of gold, which weighed in the firft finding (behig pure) fo many thoufand crowns as ire menrioneth
the firft Chapter of the eight booke is mentioned. this graine of

In the Kingdoanc of Xaraqua in Hifpaniolajthe GoaeriTour called before him three ^°l.'^ jandhke-
hundred Indian Lords, which he partly burned in a houfe,& put the reft tothefword, nif^V r^s
and hanged vp the Quecne, as they did alfo to Hiquanamt the Queene of Hicjuey. Of thoueh not (o
all which cruelties our Author an eye-witneffc affirmeth , that the Indians gaue no Ijrgdy as Co.-
C3ufebyanycrime,that hadfodeferuedby anylaw. And for the reft that remained /"•
after thefcwarres they fliared them as flaues. They which fliouid haue inftruiled
them in the Catholike faith,were ignorant, cruell.and couetous. The men were fpcnc
in the mines.the womenconfumed in tillage,and both by heauie burthens which they
made them carrie, by famine.by fcourging.and other miferics.

Andthus they did in all other parts wherefoeuerthey came. In tfielfles of Saint
Iohn,zi\A lamajfca^ Were fixe hundred thoufand Inhabitants , whereof then when the;

Author



p 1 4 Of the Spattifl? cruelties in the WeU Indies ^isrc. C h a p . 1 5.



Cub



aexcen-



Author wrote thiSjthcrc were fcarccly lefc two hundred in eyther Hand
dethfurtheftin length ofanyofthefcllands. Here was a Cacique named Hathuey,
which called his fubieds about him.and fiievving them a boxe of golde, faid, that was
the Spaniards God and made them daunce about it very folemnly ; and left the Spani-
ards fhould hauc it,he hurled it into the Riuer. Being taken and condemned to the fire,
when he was bound to the ftake,a Frier came and preached hcauen to him.andrthe ter-



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 173 of 181)