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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 18 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 18 of 181)
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jipmr. Both were in their times flourifiiing, and mention is made from u^brtthums
time,bothofthewarrcsandKingdomesinthofeparts:yea before, from jipmnnA.
A'imrod,zs already is fhevvxd.

Mefopotamia is fo called. and in the Scripture ^ram or Syria of the waters \)tc2iv\k
it is fituate bctweeneEuphrates and Tygris : the countries Babylonia, and Armenia,
confining the fame on theNorth and South. Whereas therefore we haue inourfor-
merBabylonian relation difcourfed of Afl'ytia, extending the name after a larger rec-
koning : here we conhder it more properly. Euphrates is aRiuer very fwift; for they
which goe to Bagdet buy their boats a t Birra,which feruc them but one voyage, and
fellthemat Fe!ugiaforfei:en or eight which coftfifty , becauie they cannot returne,
ButTygrisisfwifcer: the Armenians bring victuals downe the fame to Bagdet, on f^atph.Fttch,-
rafts made of Goats skins.blown full of wind, and boords hide vpon them, on which ^"k.^-"'-'^'

H a they



7 6 O/Ninine andothernei^nhouringlSlatms. Chap, 14,



they lade their goods; which being (Jilchargcd they open the skins and carry thctn,.
StrabMb.u, backe on Camels. D/o^j/w^ and i^rr^^o tell of this riuer, that it pafleth through the
Vtonyf.Aftcr j^ake Thonitis without mixture of waters by rcafon of this fwiftnefie , which aifo gi-
^r't'-^r^' ucth it the name; for the Mcdes call an Arrow Tygris. I.w<?» faith it pafleth agrcac

way vnder ground,and weary of that burthenfome iouriiey , rifeth againe as out of a

new fountainc.

At Tigriw fuhito tellus ahforbet hiatst
Occultofjj tegit ctirfus,rHrfnf^ re.xatum
TontenoHojiHmenfelaginonttbnegatvndas,

a hn^ .%. The chiefe Citie in thefe parts was Niniue.called in Ionai,^Agretct and excellent Ci~

b D-fv,'?? on j^^ of three dayes tonrney. It had (I borrow the words of our reucrcnd Diocefan) ^ aa

c Oi» 10 u ancient tertimony long before in the booke of « Genesis. For thus Mofes writeth.

That Aft:Hr came from the land ofShinar^and built l>{infueh and '^hoboth, and Q^dah,

and Refm, At length hefingleth out J^iniue from t he refl, andfetteth affiecinllmarkj of

[frehsminence vfan it,This u a, great Ctttie : rvhtch honour , by the tptdgement of the mefi

A Amiui vpon learned (though fknding w the LiB place) belongeth tothcfirfiofthefoureCittier, name-

Beruf. lytoKlinme. Others'^imagmed[but theircenie^ureis withoHtgraand) that the foure

(fifties were do fed vp vithin the fame rv.ills .and tnxde but one,efatt vnufaall bigneffe,

Vohtcrran. Some afcribethe b'illding ofNiniite to Ninus thefonne ^/Belus : of xvhom it tocke the

lHin,6.NatJ>ifl. „ame,to be called ejther '^tniis^as tve reade in Pliny ; or afi er the maner of the Hebrewes^

^3' Ntniue. They conceitte it thus. That when Nimrod had built 'Babylon ^\n\x% difdayninir

his goHerr.ement ^went into the fields of K^Mt, and there ereSleda Cittie after his ewne

ArMont. name^betveeene the riuers Lycus aud Tygris . Others fuppofe that the affi»ity betwixt thefe

name s,Nmus and NtniHehdeceitiedprofane writers touehing the at4t her theref and that

it t«eke to name I\liKitieh,becaufe ttwas beatuifitll or pleafant. Others holde opinion that

■ fy'j-.f^ K(h\itand]^'m\i%arebHtoneandthefimepcrfon.yindlaf{ly,taconclnde,theiudg}nent

' effome learned,is, that neither A{hmnor'i<ihms; bttt]^\mroAhimfelfewM the founder

cftt. But by the confefston efall^bot hfacred and Gentile Hiflonts , the Citty wai very

fpaciotts, hatting f our e hundred atd four efcore furlongs in circuit, when Babylon had fewer

^ t *"■' almofi (as fome report)/!)' an hundred: and as afterwards it grew in wealth andmagnifi-

cence,fo(iheY write) it was much more enlarged.Ki^h^d Volaterranus affirmeth.TA-^f

fiulusde Pak- it was eight year es in butldi»g,nndnot by fewer at once then ten thoufandwerkmtnj'bere

t/e vpon lutnts. vias no Citty fince, by the efiimation ofDiodoms Siculub,r^;?f had like compaffeof ground

erjlatelinejfe of walls: the height whereof was not lejfe then an hundred foot-, the breadth

fufficiently capable to haue receiued three Carts on a row : andthcywere furni/hedanda^

domed beftdeswithffteen hundred 7 turrets. Thus far our reuerend and learned Biiliop.

'Z)/Wer«/« tcllcthoi:tofCfe/r^,thatiNr;»»j,3ftcrhe had fubdued the Egyptians,

e Diod-Sic. phznicians,Syrians,Cilicians,Phrygians,and othcrs,asfarreasTanais, andtlieHyr-

'^■'*^' canianSjParthianSjPcrfians, and other their neighbours, he built this Cittie. After

that,he led an Armie againft the Badlrians of feuentccne hundred thoufand footmen,

- and two hundred thoufand horle ; in which expedition he tookc Semimmis from her

husband yl/f«(5«,who therefore (iinpaticnt of louc and griefe) hanged himfclfc. He

had by her a fonne of his owne name, and then died, leauing the Empire to his wife.

HisSepuIchre was nine furlongs in height (each of which is fixe hundred feccc)and

ten in breadth. The credite of this Hiliory I Icaue to the Author, fcarce feemiii g to a-

grec with yi/#/^J narration ot the building ofNiniue,any more then Semiram-^i biiil-

AVXian.vxt. dingof Baby Ion. Som write That'^'?<^»«'>'j«^;*abuling her husbands loue,obtained of

bijt.l.y^.i. jjj,^ jj^g fvvaying ofthe Empire for the fpace offiuc dayes ; in which flie depriucd him

of his life,and fucceeded \n his eftate.

But Icaft the name of this Cittie call vs backe againe too much to thofc Affyri-
an Relations, before dilated as much as concerneth our purpofc; lee vs fee what cm
be faidoftheir Religion here. Ofthiswefindclittle, but as before is fhcw;dofthc
Babylonians,

Nifroch



C H A P.I4' ASIA. ThfirJIBooke. y-j



"^tfrochw^'^ the IdoIl,in whofe Temple Senaeherth wasilaine by his o\K-ne fonnes.
But what this Ntfro^b was, I cannot ftndc. Ceitaiiieit is, .that he which had vpbrai-
dedconhdcnce-in the true Goi), findeshis idoll, cucninthe placear.d tiircof his
wovlliip, hisTraitor ; andhccwhichhadbiafphtmedthcGo D ofhcaucn, findes
Heaiicn and Earih, and his own*. Bowels againil him.

Vcnns Frania z isreckoned among the Afl'yriandcuotions, and v^^/^t/ was their g Wobh.m
chicfe God, which tht-y interpret One, (and (Ji-facrohms. tiie Sunne,which,as before 2 .R'S-i?.
is laid they worfh.'ppcd) and t^targ.tt:s;^\\c Earth, celtts alio was here worfliippcd,
as witneflc T>:oh, Enpbtus, and Cjnlks.

Lucian t" faith, That the Affyrians facnficed to a Done; the touching (ifvvhich h Lnc'mioue
Fowlc required much ccremonic for expiacion: Whereto accordcth the table, ' ihac ^"'■•'^«'^''-
5v'»>»>4WH was turned into a Douc. i Metam.^.

Concerning Ad^dznd Atarg.^.tis, /^/^crf^^/^i^'faith.That the Affyriansafcribeall k SaturnaU.u
power to thcfe two. Thelmageof ^^^^flmicd with rales or beames downwards, -3-
defcnni" the Siuincs force : Tl'.at of ty^t^irgatis, with beamcs vpwards, as it were a- 'T't ^'''"'"^-
icribing tothehcauenly niflucncc all herplcntie : vndcr trie lamc Image were the Hua^sm ide'li
fliapesof Lyons, as alfo the Phrygians fained the Mother of rhffGods, that is, the irms ch.diUum
Earth, to be borne on Lyons. But of this AtargansnxQXQ in the next Chapter. ^ Sy,::m (ft.

loKM was fcnt to preach to the gr-.-at Citic ot Niniue, as lome "^ thinke in the da yes ^"'f^''^'- >"
ofi"<ii'^^;?'p-i/«.f, his next PredecciYor. ''Bro'/ghton (wiih fome other) thinketh in'the ("ii's^'J"!.',
dales o(Ptt/,ox Phid-nijlir. Their repentance liaicd chatiijdgcmcnt. J^ahuvi after de- wenycdi'iaum
nounced the like iudgcment,which accordingly cameto paffe, Phr^crtes King ofthe ib ,riN heb.iu.
Medes (mentioned in the former chapter) bchegcd it. His fonne Cj.ixartfs fuccecded ''" '"'>" '^'cftib'
in the Kingdonie, and in this fiege.Aftcr that,ths ScytluapiJnuaded Media, and held !"'['^f'''''f"'>n
iteightandtwentieyeares, according to the prophecie of /f?-cw/> 49. ^4. and in the Dat't'T Ll'min*
fame Expedition obtained Niniue. But fjaxares afterpreuailedagainflthe Scythi- v»us,^c. fie '
ah3,3nd A^yges his Sonne cucr-turned and dcllroyc'dNiniue, thatitniouldno A,ikiiig,i,i ca-
more be a receptacle or encouragement to the Aif^'rians, to rebcll againft the Medes. ^■''- ^t- '^fl^*
Nubum threatneth " epetiing ef ike g.nts of the T\tMr,aKddeftruRior> to the TcKple , as ^"''"'■'' ^''' .
T'rcwf/Z.a.rrcadcth it, noting thereon the carting do wne of the Fcrts on Tigris, and ;V^^,,j ^^"^ '"
amonglt them the Temple of 'Jffenhcreeredted ; out ot whole notes on the firft quiuio':is:c(l
Chapter oi Nahnir, I interred the former Relation. Herodotus in the Hifloric hereof 'ttlsjih .giis, ait
faith,That Pbrdortes there pcrifned in the hege,w ith iiioftpart ofhis hxmis.Cyaxayes, ^l-'^OjOmrfa de-
to rcucncc his Fathers death.rcnewcd the ficge, but was not able to hold his ovvne a- "■^"'"^ q^'e ad
gainft the Scythtans.vntill, alter eight and twintieyeares, that tlie Scythians had en- nbum pirimnc.
ioyed the Empire of Afia (vndcr pretence of fea(ring being entertained in a banquet) m Cramai AjI
the moft of them, in their drur.kenncfle, were flaine by the Medes : and fo the Scythi- %» '>' Sulpn,
ans loofing what before they had goiten, Cy.ix(ries recouered the Empire , andde- " A''''-'- 1.6.
flroyedNiniue. Thus was that Citie ° deftroied, whole Riches, BcautiCjAimquitie, o Dorothmis iti
Largenttle and Puiflance, the Scripture fo often mcnrioneth. li:s Syiropfi^af-

A man may compare Ecbatanaot the Medes, Babylon on Euphrates, andNiniue p™^'']' '^|ac
onTigris, to the Trwvrjtri at Rome : So did they both emulate and llir.rc the Ea- qunkc ihcV-l
fterne Empire, as each could mike her felfe firongelt ; now Babylon, another while which compai-
Niniuc, and fometiine Ecbatana preuailing; which isthe cav.fe of no It-nail difi'icultie l-d die Cue
inthefeHiltories, Mailer CTrra^^nf^f, an eye^witneffe, hath beheld (hce faith) the drowned jt,
ruinesofthiiCitie, and agieeth with 'Dwdorus inihcinequalitieof thcfides :two of ?" ^ihrecon-
which contained an hundred and fil'tic furlongs, the two other but fourcfcore and ten p„r paxt ihere-
on a fiJe. of.

Mofulisfuppofed to-be Kiniue, happily for the ncarencfle^ or for that (as a pcft*
humeiffue) it hath ipruiiglrom the former. The allies yethaue notycelden futh a
Phoenix as the former was, rather a witneffe ofthe others mightincffc , faith S''. Ant.
i^herUy, and Gods iudgement,tlien of any rnagn'ficence in it i.lfc. p Molul is in fame p g g^ ^^^^
forCloth of Gold, and Silkc, forfbrtilitie , andforthcPatriarchallS.aof the Ne- I'art.i.Lii
Uorian Chriftians, whole authoritie Rrctched to Catiiay and India. Merdin, a towne
on the fame Riucr, is alfo aPacriarchali Sea ofthe Chaldccs (orMahumecaneScift )

H 3 In



78 Of Syria and the ancient ^eli^ions there, ^jrc. C h a p.i 5.



p M,Viiill.\. Ji\ PafihisFe»et(ish\s da.ies P tViey wcreinthe Proumce of Mofiil, partly Mahumc-
cap.s, tans, partly Chriftians ; and in the mountaines dwelt the Curdi, that were Participles

or Mungrcis in Reiigion, profcfling partly Chrift , partly Mahfrniet , in praftife rob-
bers and wicked. The Chriftian Patriarch hath Archbifhops and Bifliops vnder hiin,
as the Ronian Pope. The Mahumctans arc called Aratri,
q M.igin,Geogr, Affyria (faith q Maginns) is now called by Ntger, Adrinfa ; by Cjirara , Aze^nia ;
\i^Vir.ettiS , Mofjl; \i^ A'iercator ^ Sarh; znd oi Cafta/dus , Arzerum. Itfomctime
contained the Proninces Arapachitc,Adiabcna,andSittacene,now called (after fome)
Botan, Sarca, and Rabia.
t I.tom.l.i. Toemus " telleth of a ftrange fafhion, anciently vfed in AfTyria; That the maides
which were marriageable were ycarely brought forth in publike, and fee to faleto
fuch as would marrie them. The monie which was giiien for the faircft, was giuen to
the more deformed for their portion in marriage.

The Aflyrians vfed to wafh ihcmfelucs daily,buc chiefly after carnall companic.
As for the Saracenical Religion, wx fliall more fitly handle the fame by it felfe,chcn
tedioufly repeat the fame things. For this therefore, and other Countries fubicdt to
Tiiikifl^ or Perfian feruitude, the Reader may reaie of their fuperftitions in their due
place, when wefpeakcoftheSaracensjTurkcs, andPerfians. The relation of their
Chriftian Rites belong to another Tome.

But let vs come out of AfTyria into Syria ; the Hiftories of which are not a little^
asisfaid, confounded together, and many Rites were common to them both, and
to all thefe parts, from the Perlian gulfe to Afia the Icflc , as being fo often fubied to
one Empire, or rather flill parts of that one Empire, which receiucd often alterations
vnder the Aflyrians , Babylonians, Medes, Pcrfians, Macedonian?, Scythians,
Parthians, &c.



C H A p. X V.

of Syria , and the ancient Religions there : Of the Syrian GoddcfTe^

and her Rites at Hierapolis : Of the Dafhnean , and

ether Syrian fiiperllitions.

Gen. 10.11. fe^^>^^<5^YR I A is Called, in Scripture, Aram, ofex/r^wthcfonneof *5/&«i/,

Jip/^j^a as before is faid. And Straho calleth the Syrians Aramma:!. Hence

strabJ.\.& ^^^SjS^^ alibhis* Arimiarederiued, and Arami(//^.i3.) It isdiucifty boun-

'•'?• ^^^\^ P^f- t^f'^ by diucrs Authors : feme confounding the namesof Syria and

ki^^^^'C^^ Aflyria, F^y?rfri;«/ doth reckon thefe fiuc parts thereof, w/^j:.. Com-

t-> Meladeft ^^■^"■i ^ magena.Se'eucide, Ccelcfyria, Phoenicia, and ludxa. b^/f/jcxtcn- .

Oifc.l.i. deth it further, and '/'/;-;?/> nameth, as part of Syria, Pala:ftina,Iuda;a, Coelc , Phce-

c in. .j.f.ir. ^jfe^parnafccna, Babylonia, Mcfopotamia,Sophcne,Comm3gene,Adiabenc, An-

d G.Poll. Bar. liochia. And in this large ienfe doth ^ TcHell(i^2ndBrac.trdn^{\rctch it beyond Ti-

Syi-. dcjcm. g|.J5 Eafiward from the Mediterranean Sea, and from Armenia to Arabia. But Dom.

lec.aij.) p, /\/;aer,^ndhcfozQh\m^'Ftoiemie (whom wee efpccially follow) make itaButteoti

e 'ltb,].c.i^. the North vponCilicia, and part of Cappadocia , by the mount Amanus; ontlie

South, vpon Iudaj3,apd part of Arabia Petr^a ; on the Eatt, rpon Arabia Dcfcrta and

Euphrates ; on the Weft, vpon the Syrian Sea.

This Countrie is thought to hauc becne the habitation of our flrft Parents, be-
fore the floud, andofTV^fijA andhisfinccrcrFamilie (as wee hauc laid) after. Ycc
how foonc, and how much, they degenerated in the wicked ofF-lpring of cur.
{edCham , whofepofkritie peopled a great part hereof, till they were thence by
the Ifraelites expelled, the Scripture is f'ufficient record. Yea, eucn from A'o<j)[;x
f ludan.de timedidtheyderiuc theirldolatric, asappearcthby f Z,><c/.«»«/Narrationfifthe5r-
VfuSjn.u r/at Goddrjfc , which hee partly faw with his eyes, and partly receiucd of the Priefts
g x.;i.i«. report. ThisGoddefle was with godlcfle Rites ferued and obferucd at Hicrapolisj
h ub.^sC.ii . whichjalthough Strtzbo g placcth it beyond the Riucr in Mefopotamia, is by '^ Plmie

accounted



a



Chap.i5« ASIA. IhefirfiBookci , ,. ^ prp



counted in Cce'.efyria, called alio Bambycc, and, of'cKe Syrians thcmfchiei.Afiira^ ;
and by /'/c/??^«fnanicdaniongthc Syrian Cities ot the diuifion d?T//?/c,z , in y.f, ij,
Lon<!_:t. and 5^. 1 5 • L.Uit. And Lac: an (who hinifclfe was there ; for ' he calicih hiiji- j gj-j, co-.-n'/it',
,le!fc an Aflj'rian , and was borne at Samofata in Commat^ena) piaceth it on this fide in Anmt. ^
the Riiicr. PlmevnA Straho (dccciucd in the name) mention the worlhip oi' yhar<■l>~
tis: (called oftbeGreekes Derceto) in this place: AthenagorM in his Apo'ogic lonhe
Chrii^ijns, hath therewordcs:5'i?^^/r.»zw the daughter of Derceto , a lecherous and
bloudic woman was worflii] pcd by the name of the Syrian Godcujl^ .• but Luaan ( o-
ther-where a fcoffer, here an Hi(lorian) at large defcribctn it , making this di.^crencc
hi'V.yt^nQThis^^Al hat , that Atnrg.ttti \\'s,%\\3}& a fifii , but the Syrian Goddcffe
viiollyrcfenibicd a woman.

TheQtichethinkethtohaucrecciucdthcnamcHicrapolis (He/y (^itie) ofthcfe Thcrevn;
lio'y things here obfcrued ; in which refp« 61 it giueth place to none othcrplacc in Sy- oibcr H.cVa-"
riaihauiug a flatelyTcmplc.cnriched with gifts llatues.and (asiiicy cnecmed tiicm) i'olis in Phry-
mirades. Arabia. Phoenicia Babyloiiia,CappadociajCiUcia,andAflyria,broughiher S'^'^^'wein'
prefcnts, and celebrated her folemne Feaf^s. Tcm-.S '^

This Temple was (in the Syrians opinion) firll founded by T)eticr.Uon , vvhofe Hi^ fiM7''v^hha
ftoric yot! would thinke Lticiun had learned of tlic Hcbrewe?, not ofthc Syrians , or Cai'e or Vault
Greekes; foliuely dothhecxnrcfle thcliifidelirieandcrueitic of the old world; the vndci ittf-ad-
mannerof the floud ; tiie Arke wherein, with himfelfc, his wife, and children, fciee fa- j^^ ''" j^' enmrs
lied alfo all other creatures that liued on the earth, which came to him by couples, by "' ' le ucus
diipenfation of ////;»/?>'. Hereunto thefeHierapoiitansadde , That in their Territone biros alb
was made a great C'ift,vvhich fwallowcd vp thofe waters : which Ciift (but then vciy which fiewc-
little) wasfliewcd to our Author: to whom alfo they reported, Thatinmcmorie ""'f- P'^wfj"
hereolj Deucalwr. iniiituted that Rite, which to his time continued ; that twice eucry '" ^"" Jfi^"'^'}
yearc, not the Piicfls only, Liu many out of all Syria , Arabia, and beyond Euphrates, ''i'•^''"•^'^^•
went to the Sea, and from thence brought water, which they poured downe in the
Temple that he had built ouer that Ciift viito Ikko ; all which water v.asreccjucd in-
to die faaie.

' - ^mc afcribe the building of this Teirple to Sem':r;imis , in honour of her mother
Dtrccto : others to Aitrs , for the worfhip ot Rhea : which y^ttet was a Lydian , and
V. -IS Author of the fupcrftitions of'1{hea, to the Phrygians, Lydians, and Samothraci-
ans : but the opinion moi\ probable was,that Dioy-i^.-s or B.-tcchas was {oiindcr of it;
two fLibilantiall winicfleS; bf fides others, affirming the fame,iiatnely two Ph~J!i , ot
Tiiapi (huge Images ofthc priuie part of a man) ered'tcd at the entrie of the Temple,
with an infcrintion,That Bacchushrid confecratcd them to Jwo, Tliat ancient foun-
dation being confumed by Tinic.thls hter Temple was ercftcd by qucene Stratonice,
who being in a dreame enioyncd this office of /»««,and for negle^ling the fame , pu-
nifhedwith fickncffe, vowedvponherrecouerietoperformeit. The King ioynedin
Commiinon with her, as Generall of his Armic, and ouer-feer of ihefc holy workes, a
beautifuIlyongman,::amed{r<'^^'*^'«-*'Avho fearing what might happen.geldedhim-
felfe, and clofing thofe his difmembred members (firft for their prcferuation embal-
med) in abcxc fealed, as foine great treafiire, he committed to the Kings fidciitic, to
befafelyrcferuedtohisvfe. Which his praftifefaued his life accordingiy,bcing after
produced to deare him of adulterie with Strato»icf,\\W\ch had been laid to his charge
by his enuious accufers, and by the jealous King greedily apprehended. In incmone
whereof,a brazen (latue o({^emkil>us was fet vp in this Temple,and both then (whe-
ther to lolace ['omb.-ihns, or by infpiration of Ititio) and yearly eucr af ter,many in this
Temple gelded themfclues.andputofftogether the nature and habit ofmcn,attyring
themfejues like women. Thef^Man-W'omenPriefls were called C7^//V.

TheTemplewasbuilt inthemiddcft ofthe Citie, eompaflcd with a double wall;
the Porch looking Northw3fds,almoll an hundred fadome high; where Rood thole
•Pmp/aforcfaid, about the height of three hundred fadomc :vp to one of thcfeonc
afcendeth twice a yeare,and abideth in the top thereof ieuen dayes. He carryeth with
himalongchayne, v.'hichheelctteth downe, and thetcby draweth vp to himfucli'

things



So OfSjria and the ancient ^li^ions there, isrc, C h a p .1 5.

things as he needeth. Many offer gold, and filuer, andbraffe, and one appointed rc-
ceitieth their names, which he fheweth to him aboue,and he mskcth his praicrs tore-
uery of them , founding, while he praicth. a little Bell. The Temple within fhincth
with gold, and theRoofe is vYhoIIy of this mettall; it yeeldeth fo fragrant a fmcll,
that the garments of thofe, which come thither, rctaine this fent long after.

There is alfo another inner Roome or Quire, whereinto thechiefeof thePricfts
only haue entrance; yet is it open without any doorc. In thisSanftuarteare thel-
ni 3gcs of the Gods ; lufiter, fupported with Bulls, but ftmo fitteth vpon Lyons, hol-
ding in one hand a Scepter,and in the other a Diflaffe , in feme thing or other refenJ-
blingdiucrsotherGoddeffcs, bythcex£gyptians,lndians,Armenians,B3byloniins,
t^thiopians, andMedcs, adorned with many lewels : and among the rellifhce hath
on her head a ftone called the lamps, of the eff'e6l,yeelding light in the night feafon,as
if all the Temple were hanged with Lamps. This Hatue goeth twice a ycare to the
Sea, for the water before mentioned : neither of the Syrians is called by any name.buc
only the hnagc, notexprcflfing of whom.

In the Temple is the Image of s^poi'ijcloathed, with a beard, (contrarieto the
cuftome of the Greekes, and in a farre more glorious manner) giuing fonh Oracles :
for it mouetl: it felfi; ; which,the PricHs cfpying,lift it vp alcit (othcrwife it fwcateth
a.id moucth it felfe forward neucrthele(l'e)and being thus fupported, it turneth it felfe
and them about, and leapcthfrom one place to another, Tlien doth the chicfe of the
rriefts, make fiipplication and requcft for all thingsrwhich if it mill kcth, itooei'a '
backwards : if it approueth^it carncth them forv^a|•ds:and without thefc Oracles they
fnterprife nothing neither priuate norfacred : and Lwf/^ faith he, faw it leauin" the
PrieHs (the fupporters) and mouing it felfe aboucin the ayrc. Here are alfo the
ftatues o? J,ilas, A'fercurie, ?ind Lticina,zx\6 without, a great brafen Altar, and many
brafcn Images of Kings and Priclls,and many others recorded in Poets and Hifiorics.
Among others ftandeth the Image of 5fw/'r^»«« , pointing to the Temple with hec
finger,which (they fay) is the figne of her repentance, who hauinggiuen commande-
ment to the Syrians.to worfliip no other God but her lclfe,was by plagues (lent from
heaucn) driuen to rcuoke that former Edi(ft , and thus fecmeth to acknowledoe and
point out another Dcitie. There were alfo places inclofcd,whcrcin were kept and fed
facred Oxen, Hcrfes,EagIes. Beaies,Lyons.

The Priefts were in number aboue three hundred, foine for killing facrifices,-fomc
for offerings; fomeminiftring fire to others at the Altar; their garment all white;
theitheadcouered ; andeueiy ycare was cholen a new High Prielt.which alone was
clothed with purple, and a golden head- tire. Agreat multitude there wasbcfidesof
Mufic:3ns,(7<t(7/, and Prophcticall women : they facrificed twice a day, whereat they
all affembjed. To //ip/Vf?- they vfe neither fong, nor iuftrument, in facrificc*; as they
dot to Ihko,

Not farre hence was a Lake of two hundred fadomc depth , wherein were prcfer-
ued facred Fifhes and in themiddcft thereof an Al ar of flone, crowned alwaies with
Garlands, and burning with odours. They haue a great feali which they call the ao.
ingdowne to the Lake, when all their Idols dcfcend thither.

Their greateft and moft fo'emne feaft wasobferucd in the Spring , which they cal-
led the fire : which they folemnized in this fort. They felled great trees,and laid thera
in the Church-yard (as we msy terme ir) and bringmg thither Goats, Shecpe, and o-
ther beafls,thcy hanged them on thefc trees; and together with thcm,fow]es,and gar-
ments, and workes of gold and filuer, which being fee in due order; they carrie the
Images of the Gods about the trees , and then (et all on fire. They refort to this feafl
out of Syria, and the coafts adioyning,& bring hither their Idols with thcm:and "rear
multitudes rcforting to the facrificeSjthe 6'.////,and thofe other lacrcd wights beat and
wound each other . Others play on inflrumcnts, and others, rauiflicd by diuine furie,
prophecie : and then doe the Gallt enter into their orders : for the iurie rauiilicth ma-
ny of the beholders. Whatfoeueryongmnn commeih prepared tothispuipofe,hi;r-
iingoff hisgarments,with a great voice he gceth into themiddeft, and drawing his

i'svord



Chap. 15- ASIA. The firft Booke. §j

fworH ^eldcth himfelfc ; and runneth thorow the Citic, carrying in his hands, thac
which he would no longer carry on his bodie. And into whatiocucr houfc hccalkth
the tame, he rccciueth from thence his rvomamp} h^bne and attire. When any ofthem
die, his I'ellowcs carrying him into the Suburbs, couer him and his horfe with ftones,
and may not enter into the Temple in feiiendayes after: nor after the fight of any o-
ihercarkane in one day, but none of that familie where one hath died, in thirty dales:
and then alio with a /bauenhcad. Swine they hold for vncleane beafts. And tlie



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 18 of 181)