Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 19 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 19 of 181)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

* 1)oHe they citceme fo facred, that if one touch one againft his will, he is that day ".'^idrefiram
vncleane. This canfethDoucs in thofe parts to multiply exceedingly: neither do they '■' voUutcre-
touch Fifhes : This bccaufe of » 'Derceto, haUe a woman, halfe a fifli : that, for Sen:t- ^"^""Jif^ '"''■
rumis which was mctam.orphofed into aDone. i^ lulitts Hygium hath this fable, that unHjxhn^^,'^'
an cggc of maruellous greatnelle fell out of heauen into Euphrates, which the fiflics ioUmba Syro >
rolled to land ; on the fame «lid Doues fit, and hatched there-out Vemts.. who was af- Tihd. lib. i.
tcr called the Syrian Goddcfle, at whoferequcft/«p/rcr granted the Fipxs tiieir hea- Hence it fec-
ucnlv conftellation : and the Syrians for that caufc eate not their Fifli nor Doues, but u^'; w^'^'^ '^^^
number them amonglt their Oods. that hatred

Many are the ceremonies alio to be performed of the religious Pilgrims, or Vota- that he thac
lies that vifite this holy Citie : for before he fetteth forth, he cutteth oft" the hairc of kept Doues
his head and brow es, he facrificeth a fhecpe, and fpreading the fleece on the ground, "J'Rht not be
hekneelcth downe on it,and layeth vpon his head the head and fcetc ofthe beaft,3nd ^ "^^^ ^'^''^
prayeth to be accepted : the rell he fpendeth in the banquet. Then doth he crownc innacco'uteda
himfelfe, and his fellow pilgrims, and after fets forward on his pilgrimage, vfing fof linner.lfc.Forf.
hisdrinkc andwafliing cold water, andfleepeth alwaycs on the ground till his re- cxR.jtb.boi
lurneliomc. In this Citie were appointed publike Holtes, for diuers Cities diucrs, K""^". yct/j,
called Dehors, becaufe they erpounded thefe myfteries : They hauealfo one manner tioned hT*^"'
offacryhcing,tohurlc downe the bea{tsdertiniedhereunto,fromihe top ofthe porch, of Ooucsin
v.hich die ©r the fall. They haue a like rite to put their children in a Sacke, and carry the Temple,
them downe, branded firft on the necke or paline ofthe hand : and hence it was that ^nd rhcy were
all the AlTyrians were brandcd.The yong men alfo confecrated their hayre from their ^" ^'"-^1' °^^'
Natiuitie, which being cut in the Temple, was there prefcrued in fome boxe of gold a£«/i.t'X'pj'^c
orfiluer,wirh the infcription of the owners name theron.And this did I(faith Lutian) tib.H.cap. f.
in my youth ; and my hayre and name rcmaine in the Temple ftili. Oijittrgatii, fee b luLHygm-it
more in the Chapter of Phoenicea, ^"^.197.

c i'wjow^^ tells of']\(/ro, that he contemned all Religions but this ofthe Syrian c Suettn.Nti:
Goddcfle : of which alfo he grew wearic, and defiled her with Vrine. After which
heobfcrued a little A^ff<^/(r,liippofed to haue a power of fore-fignifying danger : and
becaufe foone after he had it , he found out a confpiracie intended againfl him, he fa-
crificed thereto three times a day.

Tlutarch i calleth the Syrians an effeminate Nation prone to teares: and faith, d Deconfoldt,
that fome ofthem alter the death of their friends haue hidden themfelusiiiCaues, ad /ij^.
from the fight ofthe Sunne many dales.

'^mraon the IdoU ofthe Syrians, and his Temple is mentioned, i./C/^j.^.i 8. But I
haue little ccrtaintie to fay of him.

iAntiocWui built by Seleucus, (to whom, inhonor of his memorie, in mount Ca-
yJ"«/ they obferucd facred folemnities,astoa/;/f»w«_^o^j fomctimesthe fcste royal! of
the Syrian Kings, third Citie of the Roman Empire, third feate of the Chriftian Pa-
triarkes.ancJ. firlt.whcre that melodious name of (^hriHi^tn was heard : is now the Se-
pulchre (laith'Bo/-fr>w) ot it felt'CjOr, (as T^/j^-j a greatcrwildcrncffe, wherein it fclfe
is the leaf} part of it Iclfc, being left but a fmall Village (faith <: another) in the mid- e drtmight,
deft of it's owne walks.

About fine miles from Antiochia, was that fairc and facred 7) /"p/^;??, which Orte- ( So\>
/iiu\nh'\s T/^ftj-'^rhathprefented to thefpcftators, with a peculiar defcription, and "/' '^' .
of which the elder Authours f haue plentifully written. It was ten miles about/ a f-t^s' '
placeeueiy way enuironedwith many ftatelyCyprcflcs, bcfidcs othertrces, which eujir.',
fuficiednot the Sunne to kiCfe their mother (Earth:) "whofe lappc was according suabM,\6.


8l Of the Syrian Goddeffej<i!;c. C h a p, I5.

to the di'jerfitic of the feafon repleniHied with varietie of flowers, her breafts flowing
with flreames of waterie nourifliment. A fpring there was, deriuing (as men fuppo-
fcd) her water from the CaFlalian Fountalncs, to which ancient fuperftition (and
therefore fuperftitiousAntiquitie) attributed a diuiningfacultie with like name and
k OiiM. Me- forcetothat at 'Z)e//i^o J. This alfo was furthered by the Legend of 2)^/)/f>»f, ^ rccor-
tam.ltb.i. dedby the Poets, beleeucd (and what will not Superftitionbeleeue, but the truth?)
by the credulous multitude : who was faid to haue fled from Afolto^ and heerc turned
into a ttee. But thus could not y^pe/Za be turned from his loue, which hee continued
1 rer.intum both to the Tree and place. This was Letticefutable to the lips ofvaine youth, l Et
' tjaia conjimilem luferat (faith amorous Ch<erea of Ftifiter in the Comicke)

lam oltm tile Indum, tm^endto magis, animus gandebat mihi.
Ego hontHncio hoc non facer em ?
There needed no other ledure offcnfualitic to them, then this Legend, cfpecially
inthisfchoole, where euery place might be a place of argument (vnder pretence of
realon and religion) tofhut true Religion, and reafon out of the place, efpecially
with fchollers grcedie of this conclufion.

Here you might haue heard the whisking winds in a murmuring accent breathing
this luflfull Oratorie:the Enamelled floore did offer her more then officious courtcfie.
(a fofc fAfeet^and inlaycd bed) to lie in;[he ayre with Temperature, fecmed to further
IniemperaiicerThceieofthc day, and watthmen of the night were prohibited by the
CyprcfTe roofe.with t'ucir vnwckonie light,to teftifie thofe vnorkes of darkles, which
thole guilty b-ughes couercd from difcouering:Oacc,the concurring cbie^ls of each
fenfcjdid in filence fpeake and perfwade to fenfuall plcalure,infomuch that by a gcnc-
rall D:cvec, TeiKpcmHce and Temperate men were hence exiled, and fcarfe would the
vulgar allow him the name ot a man, which heere would not be transforrred into a
beaftjOr would prefume,without a Cuitefan,to tread on this holygronud. Needs muft
they go whom the diucll drineth : fuch God,fuch religion. Heere were eredcd fump-
tuous buildings:the temple of yipollo D ap h>j a its, W\ih a ftatcly Image therin;tlie work
luUCafit.venu, (as was thought)of5ir/f«c«/:alfo Dianas chappel & faniluary.//</wj {^apttoltn»svjii-
teth that F^ras a voluptuous Emperor fpent fourc fummers here.and wintered in Lao-
diceaand Antioch. 5*«f>-«/ (moretruelyanfwering his name) did to death certaine
TribuneSjby whjfe negligence the fouldiers here were lufFercdto riot. The Oracles
added rcnowne to the place,which were deliuercdout of thefe Uaphntcan waters by
a certaine winde or b.eath. //4^r/^« theEmperouris reported to haue hence recei-
ued the facultie of Diuining, by dipping a Cyprefle leafe in the Fountaine. lulian re-
forted hither often for that purpofe. But his elder brother ^<»//«/, whom Con^antius
had called to be ^icfar^&i after (faith Ammianus) for his outrages exccutcd,had in the
time of his abode at Antioch.remoued the bones oiBabylas their Bifhop;& other ho-
ly martyrs his companions in fuffering'to this placc,w here alfo he built a church. Now
when as luhan in his Perfian expedition had fcnt others to vific all the other Oracles
in the Roman Empire,hiinleire here confulted with Afolloy (an Apoftata Empcrour
with an ApoftataAngcll)about the fucceffe of thofe warrcs But ail his facrifices ob-
tained no other anfwere, then that he could not anfvvere, by the countermand of a
more diuine power there lining in thofe dead bones. Hereupon Iulia» commanded the
Chriftians to remoue thofe ill neighboursrvvhich they did(faithj'^tf9!^i;)'i;j,)with a fo-
lemne proceflion,(inging the Pfalmcs & dancing with the hart of Dduid,m2k\u^ th is
the burthen,andfootot each verfe, (^enfounded he allthey thatworfhtf grauen Images :
wherwith, Fulian enraged.perfecuted the Chriftians .£«<»^r/«j- affiimeth .that he built
a temple in honoto^Babjlas : how truely Jknownot.ButtheTrueGod confounded
both the Idol & IdoIater,fliortly afcer,calling the one to giue accoiit of his ill emploi-
cd ttevvardfhip ; vncertaine whether by diuine or humane hand : and for the other, his
temple was coliimed with fire from aboue,together with the Image,one pillar wher-
Zeale without of remained in ^i?;r^/oJ?tf»«c;daies.Thc Pagans attributed this fire to the Chriflians:
knowledge and no maruelhfor what did not that fire of blind IdoIatry(kindled with zcale) attri-
refembkdco bm-^ [g the innocent Chriftians?herein tefiifying thatit came from hel,&muftto hell

CiLAP. i6. ASIA. Thefir/HBooke, 8j

a<»aine, by that hellifh Character an<i \m^rc(({on,offep-eatfire, anda4 jrre^t ci^irknes.
Such is Hell,and fuch is ignorant Z.ealc : a fire, but no hght. ty^iolbs Prieft by no tor-
ments could be forced to coufefle a:iy author thereof: and the Officers ofthe Temple
affirmed it was fire fro hcauen, which certain country-people cofiimcd by their own
fight. /W«»,to fatisfie his rDgCjCaufedfomc Temples of the Chriftians to be burned.
Nicefhorta " tellethofche continuance of this D.?p/;«<f<r«groue, honored with Buil- ^ -V'c,''.i^,tj.
din'^s and fpciSlades, by .Mammianm & (^hofrocs.y^polloes Image was made of wood, ^ '7- M.
coueied ouer with gold. Theodojiw forbad the cutting of any of chofe Cypreffcs.

Orontes * is a Riuer which arifeth in Coelcfyria, and pjyeth tribute to all the three '^ L-unhit.AimlR.
brethren: icvihteth Plutoes^aWzce, running with along tra6J:vndcr the Earth, and "(""^'^o'''^^-
then heauingvphis head, maketh his gladfomc homage to /wyj/ffr; andafterhis cu- claudian
ftunies paved to the Antiochians, in fine powrcth himlelfe into the lappe oiNfftune,
cntringth'eSeaneerctoSeleucia. " it was called Typhon, vntill(9?-ci«f<?/, building a n Strab.B i£,
bridge ouer it, caufed it to be called by his name. They had heere a talc of Typhon a*
huge Dragon, which diuided the earth, as he went feeking to hide himfelfe, and pe-
lifhed by theftrokcofa Thunder-bolt. Thus cTid he indent apaffageforthis Riuer.
Not farre hence was a facrcd Cauc, called Nymphoeum : alfd Mount Cafius, and An-
ticafius, and Heraclia ; and nigh thereto the Temple of Minema, In Laodicea was
this Goddcflehonoredjto whom they offered " in yearly facrificc in old time a maid, o tufJeUu-,
after that in flead thereof a Hart . • '''*• Cmfimtim.

I may heere mention alfo that, which T"<«(r/lf*« P rcporteth of the Mount Carmel ^/^^p'g ""
.(as hee placcth it,) betwixt ludea and Syria, where they worfhipped a God of that prac!t.Ci'bi^c
name with Ethnickc rites. They had not any Temple or Statue to this God, an Altar
bnely and Reuercnc c was hccrc feene; 'Ueffapun did in this place offer facrificCwhere
Baftltdes the Prieft viewing the entrails, foretold him of his good iucctSt. T^ am nfci-
»* m the life of /y5i!^>'.^,mentioneth a Syrian Goddefl'e, named B^^/Vi, of whom in- ^p^'pkot.t'M'
fants newly borne, wereby the Syrians, efpecially at Damafcus, called alfo Bcbi:'.: otb.i^i.
perhaps they were eflecmedvnder her tutelage; and our En^lifli word, 'Babes ^ may
hence borrow the originall.

Chap. XVI.

of the Syrian Kwgs^ and alteration in Gouernment, and Religion,
in thofe Countries.

? Yria quickly grew into Peoples and Kingdomes, although Time hath
long fince deuoured both them and their memories. Of LMenon the
husband oiSemiramts (mentioned by Diodorus) is fpoken before. y4-
dadez,er was in T)aulds time, "King o{^ram Zo^<»,which lomc take >^ ^i^^ vamaf'
for C^o^^^/ in Syria, Comekt Sophene in Armenia, andfome for the ccnm fpcaketh
A7»^«: whatfoeucrthey were, 2)<««/<i made themtributarice^«»(j otchiswarre,
mmdi 2905. Be«^4i!/4«l,ff<zi:..W, and others, the Scripture alfo mentioncth: bat cer- '^'^"^ ('^"{\
taine fucceflion we findc not recorded of thefe Syrian Kings, till the timeof ^/f.v^«- ^"''S*"*' '" '"*
^^^■r, which conquering all fromMacedonia, to India, by his incxpe6trd death, left his Fragmentjwas
hugeEmpire to be fhared among his chiefe followers. SeleucHi,x.\\c fonnc of Antio- the common
chw^ a Macedonian,fir(t, mafter of the Elephants ; then Tribune ; after that Deputic name of al the
ofthc Babylonians, at lart obtained the Kingdome of Afia, <iAnno Ulfmdi 3638. of ^^'1^" i^ingiz
whom t^ff/4««i thus writcth : The firft King of Syria afccr Alexander was Seleu- "I'JhZl^.
CHS. called Micator, becaufe he was of veric great Ihture ; and as a wilde bull had in a Ai'piait.Alcx,
facnfice of y4/if.v<««^frbrokcnloofe, he held him with both his hands. He built fx- dsbcllaSyrkcis
teene Cities, called by the name Antiochia, of his father A»t loch us i^ndCiKC Laodi-
cca's, in memorie of his mother L<Jc<i/re:nineSekucias of his owne name: three
Apamea's, and oneStratonicea, after the names of his two wiues. He profpered in his
waires, tooke Baby lop, fubdued the Baitrians; pierced to the Indians, which had


84 Of the Syrian iQn^s Alteration and Gotternmentj ((jtc C n a p , / ^,

fiaine tyilexar.ders Goucrnours ( placed amongft them ) after t/4lexatiders
death. Hcc flew Lyfi'/nachas , and fcuen monethes after was circumucnted and
fiaine of Ptolemie (whofc fifter Lyfimachni had married) being feucntic three
yeares old.

To him fucceeded his fonne y4r^of£«,r, (ir-named Jor^r. e^»»i3 56(57, who had
d^fian.ibid. obtained 5'rr<?fo»«« his mother in law, of his father (moued thereunto by his fonnes
violent loue, and his Phyfitiansfubtileperfwafion.) His fonne ^utiochfts Theos was
(contrarietohisname) poyfoned by his wife: whofe fonnes Seleucus, (^alliKicus,
and Jintiochus fucceeded : and after tncm Amiochus A<fagt>us, the (bnnc oi'CallinicHS^
' who much enlarged his Empire, adding thereto Babylonia, Egypt, and ludea : but

inuadingGrzcia, prouoked the Romans againft him, with whom hee compounded
onbafcandmeane conditions: Hee did yet comfort himfelfc for his loflc among his
a ValMaxAj^. friends,faying, that he was » beholding to the Romanes, that cafed him of fo waigh-
f'li'.t. *tie a burthen, and leffcned his cares of goucrnment: (for they had cooped him in a

corner of his Kingdome beyond Taurus.) After this hee wasflaine: exhibiting in
himfelfe a true example of the worlds falfe-hood, that playcth with Scepters, and
vieth Diademes, vfing »?<r» like Counters or Figures in numbering and ca(iing ac-
counts, wherethe fame, withalittle difference of place, isapound, fHilling or pe-
nic, one, ten, or an hundred. And yet as earthly happineffe herein comes fliortof
heauen, that it is ncuer meere and vnmixcd.but hath fome fowre fauce to rellifli it : fo
falleth it as farre fhort of hell, that not onely hope, but the moft mifcrablc hap, hath
fomeglimfeof comfort.

But to come to our Hiflorie. «y4ntiochfts his fonnc, fit-named Epiph/tnef, and af-
ter f/^zwi^^if/ for his furious inloIence,(vvhobeganne his raigne AnnomH>:di 5774.)
wasfirftfent toRomc in hoftage.forfecuritieof his fathers fjith: and after that Se^
b LAf/JCj, /f'wc^/, his brother (whichfcnt ^ Heltodorns to robbc theTempleat Hierufalem)
had a while warmed the Throne, fucceeded in the Syrian Kingdome. Of him and hit
tyrannie Darnel had long before prophecied in the interpretation of T^bHchodano^
c Vam.i, yorilmage,<:whofelegges are interpreted to be this Syrian, and the FgyptianKing-

" Gia/ecMin- domes, * both heauie and hard neighbours to the Church in ludea, lying betwixc
^^^'aTtf h them : but more efpccially in his d Vifions in the feuenth Chapter. Where, after o-
to prouc thefc '^er things , he fore-telleth ofthe ten homes, = which are the eight Kings afore-na-
twolegs to be med,andtwo Egyptian TtoUmies^Euergctes , and 'Philopater , in theirtimespre-
thcEaftcine nailing in Syria, and infefting ludea. And thelaltfhallfubdue three Kings, which
Empire vndcr were /^^o/f»«/<f ofEgypt,driuen out of Syria, .S(r/<'«a<^ his brother, and Dernetrius^to
Woae"rnevn- whom, after 5*/«/c/«^, the right of the Scepter belonged. Hispolicie, and blalphc-
der the Pope : roi^i 3nd tyrannie, are alio by Daniel plainly fore- fignified, and in their eucnt as fully
refuted by D. in the Hiftorie of the Maccabees related. There you may reade his wicked life , .and
m.kt,'mAp- wretched death: Hee tookclcrufalem f Am»o t^iundt 37*81, and flew fourefcorc
fcrtd.adD.ia. thoufand people, robbd the Temple of eightecne hundred talents, and ofthe holy
e Trcin lun Veffels ; polluted the Temple ; forbade the Sacrifice ; named it ihcTemple offupiter
iiiDan. ' Oljfmpttis; forced men by tortures from their Religion ; with other execrable; out-
ly.'Dowitam of rages,which would require a iuli volume to defcribe.

Antichiift. j^s hee was thus madde and raging againft the true Religion : fo S AtheneKS

Van cT^ fliewcth his vanitiein his owne, whofe pompous folemnitic at the Daphneanfezih.

i Cati'iif. ' hee thus relateth. Antiochns , in emulation to Tauhu t^mitiiu^ proclaimed this

g iirA./,j,c.4. folemnefeftiuitie in the Cities of Greece, and performed it at Daphne. Firft pal-

fcd in order fiue thoufand men, armed after the iRoman manner : next followed

fiue thoufand Myfians, and three thoufand Cilicians, with Crownes of gold : of

Thiacians, three thoufand, of Galatians fiue thoufand, of whom fome had fliiclds

of filuer. Twentie thoufand Macedonians, and fiuethoufand with fliiclds of braflc;

after rhefe, two hundred and fortie couplesof champions which fliould fight in finglc

combate.Thcre followed 1000, Pifxan horfc-mcn,3nd 3000. ofthe Citie, the moft

whereof had Crownes and Vials of gold, other trappings offiluer : Next came the

band^called ^er/WiHothing inferiour inpompe ornuaibcr:ihcy i coo. cxtraordinarie,


Chap.Kj. ASIA.

Thefirjl Booke,


and another thoufand in the band called tAgema. Laftly, the bardcd horfes 1 5;op,aII
thefe in purple vcftiircs, which many had cmbroidred, or cmboflcd vviih gold ; Cha-
riots drawne with 6. tiorfcs, i co. and 40. drawne by foure ; one drawne by Elephants
attended with 36.othcr.The reft ot'the pon;pe is incredible and tedious : Sco.yonths
with f olden crownes : iocc.fatO;cen, and :;oc.pcrrons to attend thelacrificcs:8oo.
Elephants teeth. There were alfo the Images of all the Gods; and Heroes that can be
reckoned , fome gilded, clothed with golden veftures, jthcir fabulous hiftories
iseing with great pompe annexed. After all thefe, the Images of Z><ry, T^ioht, Earth,
Heamn , Mornhiff,z\-\k Nooae, Then came a toco. Boycs, eachhauing a pecceof
plateofaioooo drams. -doo. with veflcls of gold : 80. women were carried in chaires
footed with "old, and 5 co. irt Others footed with filuer, very fumptuoufly atturcd;
200, ofthem out of bafons of gold rtrewcd fwect odours. Thefe fpedacles lafted ^o,
daies, A thoufand (and fomtimcs 1 200.) Halls or dining roomes, were furniHicd for ^
bankets, the Kinghimfelfe affetf^ing too officious familiaritie therein, vifiting the ta- ©
blesofthebaferpcopte,yea3ndthatasabafeMinfttellwithmufick; not of the bcft
inflruments.but fuch as the poorer fort vfed for want ofbetter,as learned Cafml/o^m
hathon thatplaceof^/6f«'e;//obferucd.SobafeistheprideofAmbition,tempering
a confufed dillemper; according (in a ftrangeharmoniej the harfhcft difcord of
proude-afpiring,anddeie6tedbafcne{r'"; where a bafcf-^nd feruile mindebegettcth
pride, and pride produceth a feruile bafenefle, a changli^g, which the doting World
fathereth on Humilitie.

Of the death of this Antiochas , the former and fecon3 books of the Machabees
feeme to difagree t and, which is more flrangc, the fecofid'booke in the firft chapter
faith, ' he and his companie were deftroicd in the Temple'ofNfan.ra in Perfia : and in f percufemm
the ninth chapter faith, that in Media, at Ecbatana , he was fmitten with an vncouth dHcem6-tos qui
difeafe, and a fall from his Chariot, whereof he died, ^omc > tbat would haue this hi- cmn ee crant,&
ftorie Canonical!, apply it to two Antiochi, as Lyra znA^^ertHs,zn6 after them Ca- d'uiferioitmm-
tiiis : but Bellarmine b feeing that they will not agree with tftt: times of any other , but tlblTampuUti's
JEpiphanes^pvoucth. himfelfe £pm^»w,and runneth ma'd with loiic of that Trent-Mi- f^y^s frokcernt
nion : affirming that in the Temple ofNanxa he fell, but cfcaped (as "■ the King of So- &c. iMnc.i^
dome is faid to fall when Lot was captiued.and yet was n'dt flaine) and after periflied, « Mel. Cams^,
as is in the after-part of the hiflorieexprcffed; whereas it is there faid, thd^itluy fhut
thedoorcs on him, and cut him and his fellowes in peeces, and made them fhorter by the
heads .• who yet after this (forfooth) could goe into Media, and there haue a fall from
his Chariot. They muft haue no delicate ftomacks,that will be lefuits.any thing muft
do wne, when they will vp, efpecially, if Trent or the Vatican command,though ma-
nifeflreafonandfehfe (that I fay not. Religion) countermand. I cnuienotthered
hat with thefe labels. Well fare that modeftic of the Authour ^ that confcfleth his
weakcneflerbut Anathema tc their Anathema's, that enadl <^contradi6tions to be Ca-

I omkthc [uccef^ours o't tyiiftiochus,tovi'\t,^ntiachHi, Demetriuf, yilexa?ider,
(who tookc away the golden Image of VtEloria out of the Temple at Antioch, in
his neccffitie : iefcing that Ittpitcr had fent him FiBorte , and when he would haue ad-
dedlnpiter f tohisfacrilege, was chafedaway by the multitude , and after flaine by
grjp)if )The reft with the times of their raigne are before exprefTed. s Pe777pej fct an
end to thefe Seleucidan Kings : and the Romans enioycd the Countries of Syria, till
theSaracensdifpoffcfredthem; whofehiftorie youniayreade ^ in their due place, h Lib.i.a.
The Turkcsdifplacedthofe Saracens; theChriltiansof the Weft, by warre, made
ihofe parts Chriftian ; but were expelled againc by the Turkes , and they by the Tar-
tars. ThcMamaluke ' flaues, and their (v£gyptianSoldanafter,held the Syrian Do- i Lib.S.c.C,
minion, vntill5<f//w the great Turkefubdueditto the Offow<«« Empire, vnder which
itftillgroneth. Of thefe things this our Hiftorie will acquaint you in ihepropcr re-
ports of thefe Nations.

Aleppo, is now chiefe Citie of Syria ; but Damafcus both in elder and later
timeshathbornethcgrea£eftuame,beingf/?e/;f;ii^s/tt/^>'^/»,as''£/Iy affirmech; cal- k Ef,-:.ii


b Bel. d ever,


6 i.jVfi/f.rf.j9
c Cottc.Iridst,

f Jiifl'in.l^'^f.
g Supra e. 1 2..

86 Of the Sjrian kings alteration yUnd Gouernment^Zs-c. C H A p, !6.

led of Tulian the Citie of hipiter, and eye of the whole Zajl, Holieand Cjreat^ called alio
aT\ct.adLyco- » the TrcP???-? of /»;)/fer,becaufe he there had conquered the Titans. It is interpreted
fhr. y.-ioo. drifikjKgh/oud, by ^ Hierom, who telleth (from the Hcbrewes tradition) that m this
b f{c]^Kain{\c\':h\shi:oihex:<^Chj/treus€%povndethitfaccHsfafigimis,dfVo/phiHsdc.
^Yh'ir Ono- ^'"^'^ '' oftwo words, fignifying l>loud and to fpoile : which in the times of Hax^ael
'malic.' and 2?<r»^rf^^^, and of 2^(r/»« it performed : but neuerfo much as when the Saracens

d mlpf'u com. made it the finke of bloud and (poile, which they executed on the Chriftians : ^ and
im. Kc. i6. iVc?-/?^w?,5^/^^/«f, and theTurkcs, fitting themfelues and this Citie to the
Cenebrad , fan- f^^^ ^^^ Aegyptian Sultans, and Ottoman Turks were Lords of it. Stepha^us zCcii-
f "u^was 'the ^^'^ ^^^ "^"'^ '° °"^ ^fcHs a gyant,which caft DionyfiHs there into the riuer : Or be-
leac of their caufe DamafcHs, the fonne oi Mercury , comming hither out of Arcadia, built it : or
califhii in iheir becaufc Dionyfius there fleyd ofFthe skin of D^w<;z/i;«i, which had cut vp his Vines.
ficft rifing and jhc Turkes now call it, as LeuncUums, and Chytrens teflific, Scham. and fo is the
^v^^A^IJJ^ vvholc Region called in the Arabian Chrcnicle, whofeextradtyou may find f incur
(ee''lib"i!ca.z. Saracenicailhiftorie.

f /i. J, The Armies of 'Z)4?^/ii, /4^<»^,7'<'|/<«^^ /»/&<?/(«p>- preuailed much againftit:The Ba-

bylonians fubvcrted it: After that the yro/f^j^^^repaired it: Tflwp«wanneit : Paul
hallowed it : The Saracens (as is fay d) polluted it. TheChriftiansinvainebefie-
e Ch.AdAeh«m. S^'^ '•• ' '" ^^^ yeerc one thoufand one hundred fonie and feuen. s Haa/on the Tar-

Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 19 of 181)