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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 20 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 20 of 181)
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TbeatrumTcrra tar, one thoufand two hundred threefcore and two, obtained it, and about one tliou-
fMi£l. fand foure hundred Trfw/n'/.i/.fbefiegcd It ; and as he had done at Aleppo, fiUingthe

Tyr.beU.Strdi. ditch with the bodies of captiucs and flaine carkaflcSjCaft wood and earth vponthem
Herold'contt. 6 ^"'^ ^^ '^^ forced it and the C^aftle, He fpared the Citie for the Temples fake, which
had fortie Porches in the circuite, and (within) nine thoufand Lampcs of Gold and
Siluer. But the Aegyptiansby a wile poflefling it, hee againe engirt it, and rccoue-
red it. He commanded OMahomet the Pope or Chalife, and his priefts, which came
to meet him, to repaire to the Temple, which they did with thirteene thoiifand Citi-
zens, where he burnt thc;p all : andfornr.onumcntofhisvidoric, left three Towers
crefted of skulks ofdead men. The Aegyptiaus regained and held it till Selim the
Turkcdifpofleffed them 15 17.

Now in thus many alterations of State, whodoubtcthof diucrfitic in Religions
in Syria : Firft. the true T^eligion in the times ofjVoah, and the firll Patriarkes, Next,
thofefuperftitionsof ^/w«wo«, andthe reft before related, in the Aflyrian, Baby-
lonian, Perfian, Macedonian, and Roman gouernments : After which long night,
the 5»»«(f of Right eoufneffe flione vnto the Syrians , and made a more abfolute Con-
queft then all the former, not by Legions and Armies , but by a handfull of Fifhcr-
raen,(manifeflinghis Power in rhcirweakencflc) thcReafcn of Men, and Malice of
b 2. c«>'. lo.y. Deuils, not being able to withftand their Euangelicall weapons , which h were m.^htte
through God tocafl donvne helds andbring-.ng into captiuityeuery thought to theol>edi.
i Alts.i!,i6. enceof Christ, infomuch, that hence the C6r//?/^»»'«r/^rccciucd firft that name.
And, how fwect would thy nameremaine, O Syrian Antiochia, cuen now in thy
lateft fates , which firft was chriftened with the name (^hrij}:an , hadft thcu not out-
liued thy Chriftianitie, or rather, (after thefoulc departed) remained the carkaflc
oftbyfelfe ; whichceafingtobeChriftian , haft long finceceafed to bee, had not
thcDiuinehandreferueda fewbonrsof thy carkafleto teftific this his iufticcto the
world ! And what harmonic could haue beene more gratefull to the Gentiles
cares, then thy memorie CDamafcus ) where the DolJor of the CJentiles was Rrtt.
taught him felfe, andmadcaTeacher of others? But in thee was the Chaire cfPe-
ftilence , the Throne ofSathan , the fincke of Mahumetan impietic to the reft of the
world, infecting with thy contagion, and fubduing with thy force more Nati-
onsthcn encrTaul by preaching connerted. Syria, firftin the firftand principal!
Priuiledges of Mankind, embracing in her rich armes ( iffome bee right Suruei-
ours) thepromifedPoflclTion (the Scale of a further and better Inheritance) was
with the firft fubdued to Saraccne feruitude : vnder their Caliph, vnder the Turkes,
vnderthc Chhftians from the Weft, vnder the Tartars from the Eaft, vnder the

Maraalukcf



Chap, 17. ASIA. Thefirft'Booke. 87

Mamalukes from the South, and from the North the Ottoman, by new fucceflions
anii vicilTicudes of mifcries and mifchiefcs , become a common Stage of blond and
flail ghtcr.

And in all thefe later changes of State, and chaunces of Warrc, Rel.gion was
the life that quickened thofe deaths, and whetted thofe niurthering fwords : no cru-
cltieorracrilcdgeagainft G o ri,orman,fo irreligious and inhumane, bnt Religion
was pretended tobethecaufe.andbare the Standard toDeftrudion ; a new Religi-
on a' way ereded with a new Conqucrour. The reft of which, as profeiring their own
peculiar rites, haue their peculiar ftanding in this field of our Narrations,a{Tigned
them: this one (which followcth) as a confufion and gallymaufry of diucrs,! thought
fittefthcretoinferr.

The Driifians arc accounted reliques of the Latine Armies, which here warred aO
gsinR theTurkes forrccouericof the Holy Land : Thefe <: are circumcifed as the t Gk.Bo^Bcn.
Turkes, they take the libertie of Chrifiians, in drinking Wine, and the licentiouf-
Rede of bcafts, in inceftuous copulations with their owne daughters. They fcruc
their ownc Lords, and arc not fubieft to theTurkes, Their habitation is notfarre
. from Damafco. Knolles in his Turkilb Hiftorie faith. That the right Drufians are not
circumcifed, otherwife agreeing with the former report ; and addeth : That they fol-
low one Ifm^M a Prophet of their owne. A friend of mine, one inafter lohK Peii>itejfc,
who hath been acquainted with them, faith they are circumcifed. Selim and <iAm<.t-
rath laboured to depriue them of their freedome, which wasinpartby Turkifh-
policy, and their owne difcords, atchieued by Ehraim the Turkifh Bafla Amo i c 8 y .
Onely ijiion-ogli or E(>neman,zDn\Cian Lord, kept himfelfe out of his hands and
deluded his fubtile prad^ifes : And thus thefe Drufians, with fomc Arabians in
themiddeftof theO«tf«?i?« Empire, retainefome freedome from theTurkiOithral-
dome.

C^f^^/»«j faith, That Tyrusftill called Suri, ^ orSur,is anhabitacleofthofcDru- d The Greri-
fianRobbers. Someplace them bctvveeneloppa and Damafco : I thought this the ansbecaure
fittefi place therefore for their mention, as being accounted to Syria, and neighbours ''"^y <:°"ld not
to Damafco, and ofthishoth-potch Religion. <= The Country hereabouts is repleat fester xfad,
cuennaturally with all the bleflmgs the earth can giue to man, forthemott part vn- they turned' it
cultiuated (they are the w^rds of our Honourable Coumriman, an cye-witncfle) here ""to T.& made
and there,as it were fprinkliSd with miferable Inhabitors,which in their faftiion fliew- " ^f °^ ^^
ed rather the neccflitie they had to line, rather then any plcafure in their liuing.



rus,

c S. Jnt. Sher.
Icy! relation of
his craueliinto



Chap. XVII. P<^'fi^-

oftheTheologie^indReligiofiofthePhxmciat'is. <; ■ h i fi

^..^^^ HoEnicia is the Sea coaft > of Syria, after P/;«/V, or that coa ft or traft ;„^ "hcom.m
"^ ^y'M> ^"'■^^""g °"^^^^<^^^romOrthofa (now Tortora)toPelufium. This c W/^w.rj.jo,

r^r^^ Seacoaft(iaith«^;7^rf^CjI/,?yr//j) b wasoftheGrcckescaileOPhce- ^f.'«. 13.11.

1^^^ nicea,andotthcHebrewespeculiailieftiledChana3n, and the Inha- ^"'f-J''^'
ii^S^^^sK bitantsChananites. SothcfpiestellUM'o/ej-jthe <: Cwaanites dtvell ^r'^^' '
by theSea. Thcwoman intheCofpell which CMarhevc calleth a Canaanite, is by jVo. ;:. ^4.
■yl/^^f namedaSyrophinicean: andtheSeptuagint in this place, for the kings of Ownff.A/er in
Chanaan read thekingsofPhcenicca. And in the Scripture it is appellatiucly vfcd for ^erf.
a^Merchant,becaufc the Phoenicians or Chanaanites were famous for Mcrchandife ^ ^"^'^- ^^
asappearethbothbydiuineandprophaneteft'monie. MoftproperlietheNJorther- i^J (f^7 Aii
liepart is Chanaan or Phoenicia, the Southerne Paleftina, although it is fomeume Aiuhor com-
'Ixtendedaswchaiicfaid cuentoEgypt. 'Z)7fl»//r?#j-;(whichinakcth hePhcenicians mended by
fhcfirftMarriners, Merchants, and Aftronomersj placeth Gaza and loppe in Plice- Poy^hyrkh.^.
ricia. Sachontatho a c Phoenician, fuppofcd to haue lined before the Troian warre, ""'•'*"/'■ ^"t
•flrrote inhis own language, the Hiftory of his Nation,which 'Phi/o BibUns trsnfl ned "nr faith l^aL

I a into innotii adfrag^



Sz



Of the ^I't^ion of the ^hanicians.



Chap,][(5.



a Seailum &
primogemuS,
Genus &Oenc-
ratit.



into Greeke. This ThiU in the beginning of his Worke faith,That his Smhov^Sacha-
matho, as hec was generally leamed.fo cfpeciallie he fearchcd out thofc things, which
TaautHs , called of the Aegyptians T^o/f ^, of the Greckes cJJ/tfr<r»r»f , thcfirftin-
iicnter of Letters, had written : hec alfo blamed thofe, that by Allegories and Tro-
JiologiCbperuertandobfcure the Hiltoric of their Gods ; affirming plainely. That
iheauncient Phoenicians, Aegyptians, and others adored thofc men for Gods, that
had beenc the Authors of good things to men , applying to them alfo the names of
thofe l^turallGocls,theSunne,t^toone,&c, fo making fome Gods mortall, fome
immortall. According to this Tid^^fwJ therefore, thefirft beginnings of all things
were a darke difordercd Chaos , and the fpirit of the darke aire. Hence proceeded
(Jlioth which wee may interpret Mire, from whence iffued the fecdes and generation
^f all creatures in the Earth and Heauen; The plants firft, and from them thereafo-
nable Creatures called Thophafttain , that is ,, the beholders of Heauen , formed in
the fliapc of an Eggf, From CMeth alfo came the Sunne, Moone, and Starres. The
Sunne by his heatefeparatingthcfc new-formed Creatures, their confliftin the aire
produced Thunder , which noyfe awaked,and caufcd to leapc out of their earth, this
flimie generation ; after of the Winde^c/p/^, and Baatt (which fignificth Night)
were borne men, named » jige and Firfi-b»rne; jige^ taught men to Hue of the
fruitcs of trees, : of thefc came Kind and Generation , who beeing troubled with
heate lifted vp their hands to the Sunne, which they tooke for a God, calling him Be~
elfamen (which fignifieth the Lord of Heauen) whom the Grcckes call lupiter. Kind
hegiic Light, Flame,Fire. Thislaft by rubbing of ftickes together found out fire :
From thefe defcended in fucceding generations thofe Giants, that left their names to
the hilles where they dwelt, ^i«/}/w and L/^<?««/, that contended aganift their bro-
t^itiFfon, who firft aduentured the fea in the bodies of trees burned, ( in which man-
ner the Indians, euen yet, make their canoas or boats) and hce erefted two Statues to
the PVind and the Fire, whom he adored with the bloud of bcafts.

Thefe firft men after their death had Statues confecratedto them by poficritic,
andycareliefolemnities. To thefe fuccceded others, fTnntfr,2ndFtfher, which had
two Sonnes, oncof which wasnamed Chufera. great Magician : From thefe defcen-
ded Amjntis and tJMagus, Authors of Shecpecotes and flockes or hcards of Cattcll,
Thefe were the TK'«»-f,inuenter$ of Artcs, hunting, fifhing, building, yron-workcs,
tents, and fuch like. To Mi for, one of thefe, was horxi<iTaaHtKSy firft Authour of
Letters. At that time was borne £//«/, and "S^rwrA his wife, whichdweltin Biblos,
thePaicntsof ^<f/«j and 7>rr,«, (his wife and fifler) who deified with rites and ce-
remonies their father £//«;, being torae of wild beafts.To thefe were borne Satnrne,
Batilus, "Dagon and Atlas,

But ^<£/«j taking other wiues, there arofc a great quarrel! betwixt him and his
former, aided herem by by her fonnes : ofwhome5rfr«r»?theeldeft, created ^fr-
curie his Scribe, by who(e Magicall Artes, and by thofe Weapons (firft by him, and
KjMinerua the daughter oiSaturne deuifed) Cdns was oucrthrowne : who, after
two and thirtieyearcswarre betwixt them, was taken by his fonnc, and depriucd of
his genitories.

Saturne hadiflue (befides his daughters cJW/«?r«^ and Troftrpina) Amor, ^-
pido, Scitwne, Itipittr Belus and Apollo, oi his Sifters , Afcarte, "^aa, 1>iene. Thea
alfo were borne Tjcp^c, J^reHS,PontHs, theVithcr of Neptune. Saturnefufpcii'ino
his brother t^//*?/ , buried him in the ground, and caft vp an high hilloucr him:
where, not long after, was a Temple eredled to him. Dagen was inuenter of Tillage;
and therefore called ^ Itipiter of theT lough. But 5<?f«r-«ebecommingagreatCon-
querouf, beftowed Aegypt on Taautus or //^rf«r;>, who firft made amyfterie of
their Theologie, as the Sonne of one Thaion the Phoenician prieft, firft did among
t'lc Phoenicians ; applying allegorical! interpretation* thereof to Nature ; and in-
Itituting rites to Poftcrit ic. This allegoricall Theologie ofTaautttt was interpreted
by Surmobolns and Thurro. It followeth in the Hiftorie , That it was then a cuftomc



b lup'itcr ArU'
tms.



in great calamities, foi the Prince to appeafc the angry DtwoHy^iih hisbcft bcloued



fonne



C H A p . ly. '^ S I A. Thefirjl ^ooke. . 8p



Sonne, and thus (inthetimeofaperillouswarrc j Mv^sLeiid ^thcfoaneofSaturtte, iHeumustea-
by a Nymph, ttztncd yin<>l>ret h , cloathed in royall apparell, offered on an Alter e- ^eihix. Iud/^^.
refted tor that purpofe. This^^'aspra(ft^fed long after by the King olMoab, '' who "'^''ngan on-
being befieged by three Kings of Ifrael,Iuda,andIdum2a,racrificcdhiseIdcftfonne: b i°Ti«'f
which yetfomeinterpreteofthceldeftfonncofthcKingofldumaea. . " '

T<«<r«/«J afcribed Diuinity to the i'#r/'<f»^, as being of a moft fierie and Ipirituall
nature, moouingit felfe fwiftiy, and in many formes, without helpeof feet, and a
creature which renewetb her age. The Phoenicians and e/£gyptians followed him c Trem.&jfoi,
herein, they calling it a happy Spirit ©r God, thefe,£»(fr^ ; and framed thereto the
head of a Hawke : of which in his place we hauc fpoken. And thus farre hauc wee
bccnc indebted to <> Ettfebitts. In the time of thofe warrcs betwixt Saturne and Cdm a zufe. dc n-t*
wishoine Hercules -. towhome was a Temple of great Antiquitieat Tyre. To Euang ti.i,
Hercules were alfo celebrated games atTyrus.euery fiueyceres, to which lafon fent
three hundred drammes for a facrifice <= Htrum in Solomons time pulled downe the ciMma i
old Temples of //<?r«/f/ and ^7?'«>rff, and built new.Hefirft ercfted a ftatutc to //(rr-
r«/fj, and in the Temple of /«p»>ifrconfecratcd a golden f Pillar. iiofe.AntJi.%,

The Sydonians alfo worfhipped Aflarte in a ftately and auncient Temple to her
builded : whome g fomc interprete Lma, h fomc Fenus, and one of her Pricfts , to g Luc. "Dea Sjr,
i Luci<r.n,Eurofa, Shee was worfhipped of the Punickes (a Phoenician colony) by cum amout.
that name of luno, 'BuiPhilo Bybltenfts faith it was Venm^ which may bee all one: '^f'^'''''' CottKxt.
im Herodotw Cikhyrama (which was alfo /»»o) vjSisVefiM; sndLum 3|fo after ^'"••^'^'''- "»'•"'
Lician. And foit appeareth by her horniehead, wherewith /'A/Ve faith fhee was hvetr.Mm
painted : the Arabians called her ^/(7<«f, the Chaldeans (>^;7/f/ij , Lucian iz'ithy Comm:mi.s'a.-7
that he faw alfo at Biblos the Temple ofFenm J5i^//<?,wherin are celebrated the yere- ' ^'- de Natur.
lyvhcso? Aden li, (who they fay. was flaine in their Countrey) with beatings and '^''*'^''*.^
wofuUlamentings ; after which they performe Obfequies vnto him, and the next u^f u"*'' *
day they affirme him to bee aliue, and fhaue iheir heads. And fuch women as will not Eufebius and
beclhauen, muft proftitute their bodies for one day vnto Grangers, and the money IHautml in
hence accrewing, is facred to Venus. Some affirme that this ridiculous lamentation ^ercator. The
is made, not for ^^.liwAf, but O/r;/;' in witneffe whereof, a head made ofPaper once a ^^''^^ ^^ ^''■
yere m feuen dales (pace commeth fwimming from Egypt to By bios, and that with- """ "^^^""^^
out any humane direflion : Of which L«r/^« reportethhimiclfean eye-witnefle. andmentio-^'
This is called the mourning for Thamuz., which funms mtetprcttthO fris, whence ned£\ci-.8.i4,
the fourth moncth(commonly their Harueft) is called Tamuz,. For If s which inftitu-
tedthei'e rites was their C^rf/. Hterom intcrprctcih k adonis : but it feemcth the
difference is more in the name then the Idoll or rites. Women were the chiefe lamen-
ters, if not the only, as f -!.ei^/>//tertifieth, and theproneneffeofthat fexe to teares,and
to fuperftitious deuotion alfo/which they fceme to acknowledgc.whofe praying ftile
IS pro deuetofcemineofexuJWkewiCcEihnWc Authors itc witneffcs. 'Plutarch faith, Plxtar.N'uiaf,
the womcnkept the Adonia, or feaft o( Adonis, euery where through the Cittie, fet- ^'"■^''^i-e.l.iz
ting forth imagesjobferuing exequies and lamentations. Ammiantis lepovtethoCthii '''/'
fcartiuall folemnized at Antiochia, at the fame time when /«//<i« cntred the Cittie in his ripe
then filled with bowlings and lamentings ; and clfewhere, compareth the women age, faith
whichlamentedthedeathof their young Prince, to the women which obferucd the he.fignified
ritcsof Firw^inthcfeafisof ^<^o»*f . luliusFtrmicus zfEtmcih that in moft Cittics tj^c cutting off
of the Eafti^^owif is mourned for, as the Husband oiVenus, and both the fmitcr /(///''J^"'^."**
andthewoundisfhewedtothcftandersby. YotLMars changed into thefhape of pro/an. rcl:g.
a Bore, wounded him for the loue of ^.fKa/. Hee addeth, that on a certaine night
they laye an Image in a bed, and number a fet bead-roll of lamentations ; w hich
being ended, light is brought in, andthenthePrieftannoynteth the chappcs of the
Mourners, whiipcring thefe words , Truji inCjod forweehaue faluatio» or deliue-
rzYice, from our greefes. Andfo with ioy they take the Idoll out of the fepulchre. Was L.vkes'm A»g,
not this mourning, thinkev;ec,fport to the Dcuill? efpccially when this AdeniawAs dec.V,lii.c.zi
applyed vnto the burial! and refurrcftion of Chrift,the Pagacnt whereof followed the

I 3 Good-



po



of the ^ligim of the Phoenicians . C h a p , iy.



txpuitgit index
ExpurgJlorius,



• i.Sam.vlt.
b l.Rfg.ii.j,

c lud. z. 13.

d Gfi», 10. If

lof. i(f. i8.
e Chytyieui 0-
tiomali.



Good-friday and Lenten faftof the Papifts. Yet is this worfe then the former, not
onely becaufe (^orruftio optimipeftima, the bcft things by abufmgare made worft;
but alfo becaufe the treafon of fudiu and Teters deniall is propofcd in adion to the
peoples laughter, C?" tnter tot c/tchinnos & ineftias folus chrtflus eftferius & ftHerus ^{ziih
L, "bines, complaining of this great wickedneflc of the Priefis ( magno fcelere atque
impietute facerd.) but here and elfewhcre often, when he tclleth tales out of Schoole,
the good mans tongue is fhortned, and their Index purgeth out that vsherewith hec
feeketh to purge their leauen. But let vsbackc from Rome to Biblos : Hereby run-
neth the Riuer Adonis alfo, which once a yearc becommeth red and bloudie : which
alteration of the colour of the water, is the warning to that their t^oummg for Ado.
»fef,who at that time they fay is wounded in Libanus : whereas that rednefle arifctb
indeed of the winds, which, at that time blowing violently, doe with their force car-
ry downe alongft the ftreamc a great quantitie ot that red Earth or Mttittrn of Liba-
nus whereby it paflcth. This conftancy ot the wind might yet feeme as meruaijcus as
thcother, if diuersparts of the world did not yeeldvs mftanceot the like. In Liba-
nus alfo was an ancient Temple dedicated to VenHs by CytiirM .

^Jlarte or tysjiareth was worfliippcd in the formes of flicepc, not cf the Sydoni-
ans onelie, but of the Philiftims » alfo, in whole Temple they hanged the armour of
Saul, And wife SalorndK was brought by doting on women to a worfe dotage of
Idolatric '^ with this Sydonian Idoll among others. And not then firft did the Ifra-
elites commit that fault, but from their firft neighbour-hood with them, prefently
after the dayes of /o/Z'tf4. « ThisSidcn, the auncicnt Metropolis of the Phoenicians
(now called Saito) inlikelihoodwas built by 5/Ww, eldeft Sonne of Crf»/!i<»", "• and
fell to the lot oi Afher, whence it is called Great Sidon. It was famous ' for ihc firft
Glafle-fhops, and dcftroyed by Of/;»/the Perfian. Thisfaire Mother yeclded the
world a Daughter farrc fairer ; namely, Tyrus, now called Sur,(vvhofcgIorieisfuf-
ficiently blazed by the Prophets Efay, and Ez^echiel) being fituate in an Hand feuen
hundred paces from thefliore, to which Alexander inhisfiege vnitedit ; whomc
it held out eight moneths (as it had done T^l^urhodonofor thirteene yeercs, which
Jong ficge is mentioned in €3:,ec. 26. 7. ) in nothing more famous, then for helping
, 5<?/o»«o«vnder///>^?» their King, f to build the Temple, ahundred fiftiefiueyecrcs
before the building of Carthage. This Hiram (ilafcphhs reports it out of 2)w/a
Phcrnician Hifloriogr3pher)inlargedtheCitie, and compaflcd within the fame the
Temple of h-piter Oliwpws^ and (as hee addeth out ciC^iefiatidn Ephejius) therein
placed a golden Pillar: he pulled downe the old temples and built new, and dedica-
ted the temples of Hifrrw/fj and Aflarte. Ithohalm, AH>irt es pn<:R{[cvJ Phelles ihc
King, and vfurped theCrownc. He was great Grandfatner to Tygmalion the brother
of 2)/i^o, Founder of Carthage.

The Phoenicians, famous for Marchandife andMarrineifliip, failed from the red
Searound about Afrike, and returningby Hercules Y>'i\\^rs, arriuedagaine inex£gypt
the third yecrc after, reporting (that which Herodotus '• doubted of, and to vs makes
theStoric more credible_j thatthey failed to the South-ward of the Sunnc : They
were fent by Pharaoh l<leco. Crf</>w«i a Phoenician was the firit Author of Letters alfo
to the Grcckes. At Tyrus was the fifhing for purple .- not tarrc off was Arad, a popu-
lous To vvne, featcd on a rocke in the fea, like Venice.

Alongrt thefliore is Ptolemais^ neere which runneth the Riuer "SeUus, and nigh
to it the Sepulchre oiMemnon hauing hard by it.thc fpace ot a hundred cubites.'yccl-
dingaglalIiefand:&howgrcat a quantity foeucrisbyfliips carried thcncc,is fuppli-
ed by the Winds,which minifter new fands to be by the nature ofthe place chaiinged
into glaffe.That would feeme flrange,if this were not yet ilrangcr,that this new glaffe
if it be caft vpon the brinks of this placc,rcceaueth the former nature of fand againc.

. "Bettis and Hercules Tjrim and the Sunnc, called of them Heltogahaltis^wzxc Phoe-
nician Deities. ^'Drufius is of opinion that diuers of thefe Phoenician idols were
lleriued from names vfed in the Scriptures, fo interpreting the words in i. LMac. 3.

<j.8. Taanett



f Anvo mundi

g lofcontr.Af,
hb. I.



h litr.libr.^.



i lofeph. dc bel,
JitJibr,i.c-9 ,

Strabt. 1 6.



k Vrtif.nott in
li.t.Hafmm,



C H A p . ly. '^S I A- Thefirft Soak. 9I



48. TaauTei of the Phoenicians, and the e/CgyptianTAof A from Thohti, znd Baau

i'lom'BohH^'Bel from Baal^Tii'Beelfa'/nen ; a\(o»Aiiarte, eyi/ihoreth, from the ftore

of facriilces offered to her. » Stifebttu relateth other Phoenician abhominations, ^ Jlnfeb.de Uh'

both bioudie and beafliy : theoneinyeerely facrifice of the dcereft pledges ofNa- ^'^-^'o^f^'^t.

tuie to Suturne : the other in that temple of Kfww, built in the moft fecretretreitof y^? ^^ ^ '^^'

X,/^rf«»«, where Sodome (burned with fire from aboue, and drowned in a dead fe a)

ftemed to rcuiue : fuch was their praftife of impure lufis, intemperately vfing the

Natural! fcxc, and vnnaturaliy abufing their owne: worfe in this then the Sodomites,

that thcfe intended tenfualitie ; they pretended Religion. Confiant me rzlkd thcfe fub-

urbes of Hell, and dcliroyed both the fullomcs,ftatues, and temple it felfe, ^ ^u- b Ain^.dtciui.

gufliiie faith, That the Phoenicians proftituted their daughters to f^entts, before they ^" I'b.^.ca.io,-

maricd them.Of yi^e/cjiKt her^y for ,2.nd other their gods(fo!ntimes men) I forbcare to

fpeak. AlcxMd(7^ tih yi/«v?Wr(?,affirmeth,That the prciltof the fun in PhcEnicia,was c L!br.i.ca.S.

attired with along flecucd garment.hanging down to the feet, and a golden Crownc.

VVcc may adde to thcfe Phoenician fuperliitions, their mythical! intcrpretcttionby
<J ALicrobiHs. Hee expoundcthFi?»«i and y^^owtf, to fignine the Earth and the Sun. i. SMncnh. St-
The wild Boafe which wounded ^dow^, is the Winter, which for the abfencc of her "'■''''''I'-i-'-ii.
Loucr maketh tl'.e Earth to put on her mourning wecdes (at whofe approach flie a{.
tet pr;rreth on ber new apparrcll, faith ^ our Englifh Arcadian Oracle ; ) This was flia- e S.P.Sid.Arc;
dowedinacercaine Image in mountLibanus, pourtrayed in mourning habite. And Hbr.i.
to this fence he appiyeth the sx£gyptian rites oiOftris and Ifts, and of Or«/, which is
Apollo or the Sunnc,aHd likcwi4p the Phrygian myfleries of Atinis^ and the mother
of theGods.He faith that they abftaincd from Swines flcfh.

ThePhihftimsand all that Sea-coaft, by ^Strahoznd Piiftie, and 'Dioujjius (as is i SiraboCib.ie,
faid) are reckoned to the Phoenician. Thciroriginali is attributed to Oififraim, ^''«.''■^c.Il.
"whoie pofteritie the S Cajlhim and Caphtorim chafed the -r^wwj-, which formerly had g Q(„ ,o , ^
inhabited Paleftina, and by dint of fword purchafed their Countrey. They had fiue vid. lun. am'ot,
principall Cities, Afcalon,Ac«.aron,A.zotus,Gath, Gaza. Of their fhcepifli Aftarte Vcut.z.i^.
yee heard euen now, and of their Legend of T)agon. Their fuperftitions the fcripture
often h mentioneth. What this D.?_g^w was (faith '^ CM arty r) is not well knowne. h /wrf.iiS.i;.
Bucby thederiuationof his name ( whichfignifiethafifb)icfeemethhcewasaSea- .'' '""•^"^*
god. For fuch Sea-dcitics had the Greekes and Latines, as J^tune, Leucothea, Try- j^^^^i ,niud.\6.



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 20 of 181)