Copyright
Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 21 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 21 of 181)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


ton : abouehisbelliehee W3S of humane fliape, beneath like a fifh. Such is Idolatry, k Oode Natur.
dinine it will not be, it cannot content it felfe with humane, but proueth monftrous in '^^'"■> '^^-l •
ihevglic and deformed Image, exhibiting the charafler of the true Authour of this '''"''• ^''"''•
fallLood. When Of fro ^faith, the Syrians worfliipped a fifh ; it may beeconftrued "^jrlrnTnnlx
Iofthis'Z).t^o«, Happily (faith •"cJIz^n^r) they intended AA^p^w, or I know not miud.iL^i.
what Dcuill. " T*emclltKs think eth Triton, This may we fee and fay, when men arc n Vxuf. ^tep,
giuenoi'cr tothemfelucs, then they become beafls, nionfiers, dcuills : yea, woife I' fb. lib. i.qu.ii,
then fuch, for while they worfliip luch, they profefle themfelucs ( as Clients and Vo-
taries) to be w orfe and bafer then their Deities. Drttjius deriucth not this T)agon of
1)ng a fifli ; but of T>a.gon, which fignifieth Wheat, whcrcofSufehus [i\ih/D,:gon
innsKtofrumente O'arato vocatus ej? (^c,uf afir^iQ-; &ThtloBjibltHS,1)aion.lfl^ta'n(it-
that is, is called Wheat or Breadcorne. But Scaliger " blameih Philofov that interpre- f ^"'' "»'<
tation,and agreeth to that fifh-deity: for Dagon (faith he) is one,and'Z>i?^4?; another. '"•^'"''S-
Headdeth that they worniippcd gods in the likenefle of ftoncs,which they called B<e.
ttiloY Battnl, whence came the fable of the ftone giuen to Saturne in ftcad of his chil-
dren, to be deuoured. This feemeth borrowed from /<t«^/ annoyntingthefloncac
Bethel. Suturne\\zd many mmtiJl,Ifrael,Mdkom. TheTyrians worfliipped his ftar,
Amos 5. 26. not the planet 5<«f«rw,butL«rii'f<rr, They had their purifications in the
midft of their gardens to j^d/id, of whichis fpoken before. ,

Whenthe Phihftims had placed the captiuedArke in D<t_^OTJ- Temple, hce fell on
his face before the Arke : But they placing himagaine inhisroome, with afecond
fall, his head and hands were cut offvpon the threfhold: Theflampe (or as Tremellius
aadratabliiii:t7idk) D.igon, or that part of him which refcmbkd a fifli, remained.

And



p 2 Of the 1{eligm of the Thctniciam . C h a p , iy.

And, therefore the Prtefts of Dag ov, and all that come into DaGoss houfe, tread not
en the threjhold «/ D A G o n. Thus true Religion, the more oppofed, the more it flou-
rifhcd : the prifon.houfcof her captiuitieis the throne of her Empire : blind fuperfti-
tion.the more it is detefted^the more enraged, addeth new dcuotion, to encreafe (not
caring to amend) the former.

Of Aftaroth, wee haue before fhewed , why it is vfed in the plurall number , as
Kb ram * T^/^e^-^affirmethforhermany ldols,aswee fay ourLadie of Walfingham, our La-
Hoy; j, die of Loretto, &c. The word AHer fignifieth a flocke of ftieepe : and it is like-
ly, this their Inno was in the forme of a Sheepcworfhipped, zslnpter Amman in
likenefle of a Ramme . Their T)agan^ it feemeth f feeming wee haue, no true being
h Hctamlib,^. or being of truth, in Idols) was the fame which Poets ^ call "Derceto or Dercetisy
c LucJeaSyr. xhtmoihtx oi S emir amis, whofe Image £-«<:/<?« ' faithheefavve inPhcenicia, not
vnlike to that which is reported of the Mermayd, the vpper halfc like a woman, the
d P/«./.j.c.if other like a fifli: (therefore ofT//«/f called <> ?ro<i/^/i?/«;) in reuerence of whome the
PhcEnicians were faid to abftaine from fifti. Authors doe alfo call this Jdoll Aterga-
c 4tbenji.t^.6 tis; and ^ Athemtus reporteth,ThattheCountrey-lawof the Syrians dcpriued them
offifh : and that ^^r«( a Syrian Queene) prohibited the eating of fifh Atergatis,
tharis,w/r/5;fl«fG^<^«, without herlicence, and therefore was called Atergatis, as a
fore-ftallerofthefifh to her ownedeHcate tooth. <JV,offMs,a, Lydian, attcr drow-
ned her in the lake of Afcalon, where this fifh-deuourer was of fifhes deuoured.Thcy
yet efteemed her a Godcfle, and offered vnto her fifties of gold andfilucr : and the
Prieftsallday longfet before her true Fifties rofted^ndiodden, which after thcm-
felucs did eate ; and it is not to bee doubted but the mettall-mawes of thofe OHriges
could alfo digeft the other.
IvUdSicM. Dioderpts Sicnlus f telleth, Thathardby alakcfullof fifti, neere vnto Afcalon
3.CS. t, was a Temple dedicated to this Fifti-woman : her Storiefolloweth, That fheeyeel-
ding to the luft of a young man, had by that copulation i'fw/r^w//, whome (now
too late repenting of her follie, flice cxpofcd on the rockes, where ftiee was nouri-
fhed by Birds : of which Birds (called in their language 5f»;/r<j»?«) ftiee receiucd
that name. The Sheepheards after cfpying this hofpitalitie of the Birds, found the
childc, and prefentcd her to Simma the Kings Sheepheard, whobrought her vp as his
owne daughter . The mother ( not able to fwallow her ftiame and gricfe) caft her
felfe into the lake to bee fwallowed of the water, but there by anew Mctamorpho-
fis, was turned into a Fifti, and hallowed for a Goddcfle j and (for company) thcfi-
fties of that lake, and the Birds of that Rocke were canonized alfo in this deifying
deuotion.
g]V«f])fe,?.).ir.9 In Afcalon was a Temple of v^/Jo/Zo : and Herod Y^thxr o( Antipater, g Grand-
father to /^frtfi^ the Great, hence called Afcalontta, was fcriiant to eyipoHo's PrielK
hPet,3tart.tn At Accaron was worfliipped ^-^/f/^-f^w^, that is, the Lord of Flies, ^ citherofcon-
a.T^eg. I. tempt ofhisidolatrie,fo called ; or rather of the multitude of Flics, which atten-
ded the multitude of his facrifices ; orfor that hee was their Larder- god (astheRo-
i D, cbytr. mane //*rra/f/) to driue away flies .-or for that ' forme ofaFJie,in which he was wor-
tnomafl. {[\ipv>ed,2s'h{az,ia»z,e»esgimR iHlianxipotKih. Hee was called 5wwr^wj, and as
k Pdufan.Arca. ^Q,^g f^y^ Myiodes and Myiagrus , howfoeucr one of thefe names commeth from
vide'LiuGyrol. Mice, and the other from Fiies:fuch moufc-eaten, flie-blowen diuinity did they pro-
Syntag. i . & feffe. Nee ^Mufcam querent deum Ac car on ^ faith Naz,ianz.en, of th is "Baal or Beel-
Annot.&mt. z^ehub . The Arcadians '^ facrificedand prayed to (J^/^^r«i, and by that meanes
Heruet.inclem. vvere freed from danger by Flies, Plinie ireportcth, that at Olympian games, they
^"^pV'i 'S facrificcd a Bull to <jMyiedes, which done, clouds of Flics departed out ot that tcrri-
nDmf.pr°t.~ad ^ork. And in another place ■" hee ftieweth that the Cyrenians facrificcd to the God
Mat.i'o. Exfe- ^rW (haply the God ^fff<iro»herc mentioned) when the multitude of Flies caufed
phei-.Mifuotb a pcflilcnce, all which Flies thcrevponprefcntlydyed. Thelcwcs "indeteftationof
gadeLiupiter this Idolltcarmed him 3«/;&f^«^, that is, dung-hill, or dung-Iupiter. Yen Sca/iger
oScalZ'ta in ^^"^ " ^^^ "^"^^ 'Beelx.ehitb was in difgrace alfo, and that the Tyrians and Sydonians
/»■«. ieroC, ^^^ "O"^ ^° call him, Baal or 'Biltis^ being a common furnamc to their Gods, which

they



Chap. 1 8. ASIA. ThefirffBookc. 95

they diftinguiflicd with fome addition , as lupiter was named "Beelfartten a Lord

of Heauen : but the Hebrewcs (and not the Phoenicians) in contempt called him

5fr/w^«^ or fly-Lord, 1h\s'W3s Inf iter Olimf ins. So Itino was cntitulcd Kfjtj-j*

czHeauetily^ Shcewaspaintcd at Carthage fitting on a Lion with a Thunderbolt in

her right hand, in her left a Scepter. But lor 'Sfefee^«^hee was their 4x£/r«/^pm or

Phyricke-god.asappearcthbye^^rfs:.?*^ ' vvhofenttoconfult withhim inhis fick- * *'^^-i'»'>

nefl'e . And perhappes for this caufe the blafphemingPharifes , rather applyed the

name of this then any other Idoil to our bleflcd Sauiour, "^ whometliey fawin- ^ iW(it.io.ij.

decde to pcrforme miraculous cures, which fuperftitions had concciued of Baal'

x,tbnb , and ifany thing were done bythatidoll, it could by no other caufe bccef-

feflcd but by the Diuell, as tending(like the popifli miracles) to the confirmation of

Idolatrie.

What the dcuill had at Beclz^ebubs Shrine to this end perfomed, blinded with rage
and malice, they imputed to the miracles of Chrift, which, in regard of the £^?f»<rKf,
■were more excellent then could be Satans impoftures , as countermaunding him and
allbisproicfts : for the ;»;:«?r, were merely iupcmaturall ; in the f or»?? were aftcd i _
by his will, fignifyed by his naked word : andiorthe end (which is ' the onely ' ^'**

touch-ftone for vs to trie all miracles) were to fcalc no othcrtrgth then was containedj
(for fubftancc) i» the Law and t he Prophets^ which hee came not to Aeftroy-, but tofnlM,
If a*i u^ngell fromheaueft, yczviith heaucnhe miracles, (if it werepolTible j (liould
preach vntovsotherwife,T4«/biddc!hvsto hold him accurfed 2 and curfcdbe that
deuillof Hell, that vnder colour of miracles (one of the Antichriftsenfignes) * harh'* irhef.- 9.
taught the World to worfhip the '"Lipfian "Laurctan, and I know not what other m Lipir/vligi '
Ladles : not that t/'/Vgiw, on Earth holic, in Heauen glorious ; but their idol-con- uaUnCn^c.
celts, and idol-blockes of her. Our Lord hath taught vs plainlic in Mnthew, toferne " H'/for/4 Lau-
God onely, without fophifticall dillindions. ^^^J'* ^"t ''''^'

As for the Hcathenifh and Popifh, and all thofe other packets of miracles , which " " '*' *°*
"Wc recieue by the lefuites annuall relations from the Eaft and Weft hidies ; I efleemc
them with Doctor ff^// ( a hall of Elegance, all-Elegance.) That they are cither D.Halldec.il
falfely reported, or falfely done, or filfelymiruculoHs, or falfelyafcribed to Heauen . But ^Pfl- 1'
Iknownot how (pardon it Reader) 1 am tranlportcd to Hale, Zichem, and Loretto^
from our Phcenician ports. The name oi Beelz^ebub hath bcene occafion of this
parenthefis. But the power of Beelz,ebub ( I feare) hath induced BelUrmine, to fall
downe, and thus to worfhip him, for \n%furple aduancemcnt.For amongft the Notes
ofthe Church, he hath reckoned for one, thu of miracles : A^ains ipfe tniraculiim, a
greater miracle he, that now will not belieue without miracles that gofpell, which at
firft was thereby fufficienclyproued. Wercadethatthc ° lewes [eektfor Jignes, and 0Matt.11.j9,
2Tetheifotccil\ed,aneuill and adulterous generation ; zndnotont\y falfe Chrifls and * AfflW.14.14,
falfe Trophets,and iAntichrifl himfelfe, but the heathens had their Legends of mira-
cles : as the whole courfc of our Hiftory will (hew,Goe now and reckon a Catalogue
of miracles through all Ages, euen to the time of blelTed Ignatius and his Society, and
askc of vs miracles for proofe ofour doArinc. Our doftiine hath already by the Apo-
iUes and Prophets (Pen-men of holy Scriptures j becneprooued that way; andwce
Icauc to you the (\.\k oi iMirabiliarij Miracle-mongers. vMcht^uguJIme for like ^"i"!^- Trail.
braggcsofthingsmiraculoufly wrought by them, giueth the Donatifts. Withvs, p ^°rgj^-r r
Miracles muft be proued by the Truth and the Church, and not f ^"7 by miracles. But * PhenkcsJi'.'
let vs come backe to Phoenicia. m.ftmic fiat.

ThePhceniciansareaccountedfiiftauthor of Arithmeticke and Aflronomie > as *''""'* '"P
alfo ofthe Art of Nauigation ( Prim^ratem ventis credere doSla. Tyrus faith Tibulltts) ^^'"f"""" ("■'
and obferued theNorth-ftarre to that Sea-skill. The Sidonians arc reputed fir« au - „«,*//I"f ff*
thors of Weights and Meafures. Pi7<rro^<if«jaffirmeth, That the Phcvnicians, which can.H<ec ge'm H-
came with ^^^»>«i into Greece, taught the Grecians both other Sciences, and alfo teras inimn, «>
Letters * whichbefore that time they knt-w not. Thefeletters after chaunged their **'"'' '^'^''«-
found and forme, being by the loniks principally learned, who called thctti Thani- 'j^^"^i"Jj"'''' T
f M», and called their Skinnes or Parchments biblos (haply oiByblos in Phcentcia.) He ^^ Nig^fUa '

fa\v vacantw.



93



Of the ^ligion of the 'Phaniceaus



CHAPjy.



a Aminad. in
F.ufeb. Chron.



Otbi }ieur.
Calddiciis.



* Mofei'mntn-
tcd the He-
brew letters,
the Photnici-
ansthe Attikc,
Nkofirati the
Latin, Abtaha.
the Syrian (he
meaneth the
Phoenician )
& Chaldean,
J/?itheAegyp.
tian , Culfila
the Gotiftj.



Karth



age.



•Vi£i.Cret.lib,i.



^Jeptim. Rom.

?.Aemyljn L,
Crafo.



Tkey carrie
Doaes from
their houl'es or
Looiicrsinto
farre places, &
faftning a let-
ter let them fly
Vriif in Arms.



b CaH.lfigogJ.z
rfv. M.E,



fawthcCadmean letters engraueninaTemplcat Thebes, much like the lonike let-
ters. » Sca/igerhzth giuen vs a view of the one and the other, the auncient lonikc,
thenthecnelyGreekelettcrs.outofcertaincold infcriptions, much rcfei.bling the
prefent Latine letters ; and the auncienter Phoenician (1 may fay with him,the aunci-
cnteft)vfedbytheCanaanitesandHcbrewesofoId, and by the Samarica!\Cf at this
day : For thofe which the lewes now vfe, he affirmeth to be new, corrupted fiom the
Syrian, and thefe from the Samaritan. His learned difcourfc thercofwere wort hie the
reading, but here would be too piolixe.

Henrnms (I know not by what authoritiej faith that the Phoenicians before the II'-
raclites departed out of Egypt, vfed Hicroglyphicall letters, which hee thinketh they
\c3xmAoi Ahraham,iht{imcw\\\c\\SethznAHeyioch\\^A\kA before. LUiofes (if
yebelieue it) recieued the firft Alphabetarie letters in the table of the decalogue : and'
from the Hebrewes thePhoenicians.Outofan old booke he citeth thcfe vpifcs which
I thought not vnworthie the tranfcribing, concerning the firft Authours and inver-
ters of letters.

Mofes * primus Hebraicas exarauitliteras:
Mente Phxnices [agaci condiderunt Atticasi
^nas Lat ini fa'iftitifmHS rdidit T<lJcDflrata :
uibrahAmSyras^tdemreperitChaldincas
Ifis artt rion miHoreprotulit tyEgypttas
GttlfilaprompJil^etArttmquasvidefUHSvltitttas,

He addeth alfo that the ancient learning wbich the Phcenicians had recieued from
the Hebrewes and Caldees,pafled into Europe by ^Wfw«j who founded Thebes,and
into Affricaby EA;//^ (after her felfe-inflidcd death called D/W^, i. Virago, i. woman
of refolution and courage) who fleeing Pigmahon firft fcafcd on the Hand Cothcne,
and 9. ycres after tookeTharfusw'hich the poftcritieof^owfr had theie built, which
flic called Karthada,that is halfe citie,bccaufe the one halfe thcrof were rhcenicians:
to which agreeth the teftimony o? Sahtiamts, that Csrthage had in it Schooles of li-
berall Arts and Pholofophie. He citeth ^r-Ftotles tefiimonie of Hog a Phoenician
Philofopher, whome he thinketh to be that king of Bafhan which cMofes conque-
red. "DiEij/sCreteK/is (if his teRimony beeauthenticail) tcftifieththat tbeGr.rcian
Gallants which bertegcd Troy, chofe hgamerwjon for their Gcncrail, writing his
name in Punike letters. And this ftorie was alfo written in Punikc letters, as the In-
terpreter affirmeth.

But how the pofteritic of Letter- inuentcrs were by letters circumucntcdi it will
notbe an vnwclcomeftratageme to our reader. When theChriftian forces in the
time of Ludo'.iictti Crafw befieged Tyrus by fea and land, a Doue was fcene to come
flying, and deemed by expert men which had feene experience of the like, to carrie
letters to the befieged : whereupon a terrible ftiout was raifed through thearmic
which rent the aire with fuch violence, or elfe fo amazed the feelie Doue, that downe
flieefell ; They tooke her letter from her, wherein was contained that thcTyrinhs
ftiould be of good courage, and fhortlie reliefe (liould bee f:nt. This rhcy tooke a-
way and fafrncd another of contrary tenure to this fwift Carrier,w hich prcfcntly con-
ueycd the fame to her home at Tyrus, and with her counterfiit ncwes caufcd the Ty-
rianstoyceld. 'Dienyf. hlexandrtnus called Tyrus nj/n^/Lofor theantiquitic.

OfthePhcenican kings here might be rnferted alargeHiftorie ; but Ifearetcdi-
oufhefle. Their Catalogue is thus in .?f^/'?^er/ ''Canons; firft /4^//'.t/»i, two ycnres;
Hierom, the fonne oi Abil>4lsts, ? 8, yeares; Blenzaros, 7; %y^bdejiartns, p; the Nu ces
fonne, j 2; tt/iJlartusTiaUaftriF' 1 2; Aferyraus, % Thtles, 8 moncths; hhob.xal, the
Prieft of Aftaitc, 7, z yeares j Badez.orus, 6 ; C^iargenas p; Pygmalien, 47.1n his time
D.'«fsfledinto Libya. Alongtime afterthis raigned another /fo^<*/«j 19. yeares;
Baal^^o and then ludges ruled: Ecnihahtsz. moneths ; Helbes to. moneths ; Abba~
rtis^ the high Prieft, 1 1 .moneths; Balator, i . yerc; MytgonnsinA (jereflratfis,6; Mer'



'



Chap.iS. ASIA. ThefirJl'Booke, p5



bal ( fent from Babylon ) 4 ; Hirom his brother, 20. Thus much out of the Phceni-
cian Antiquities: thercftofthcirHiftorieisforfubflance, the fame with the Syrian
before handled.

loppe t(f3yth/^if/4 and ?//;?/<? )wasbuilt before the Floud ; andCrpt«wraigncd t P,SHtU.li.i
there, witnefle certaine auncient Altars, there obferued religioufly ,and bearing titles c, \i.Plm, h.%
ofhim and his brother P/jwe/tf. They flicwmonftrous bones, the Rchquesof the ("• '?•
Whale, from which Per few freed i/indromeAa. Mount Cafius had in it the Temple
odnpiter, Cajita, zadPompejtesTomhc.



Chap. XVIII.



of PaUJlina, and the fir(iinhal>itants thereof, the'Sodomites^ idumicanSi
iJhoabiteSj C^mwonites^ and Canaamtes^ with others.

(^Hoeniciais (Iretched by fome (as you haue read) eucnto Aegypt, all a'-



fWfM, longftthatSca-coaft , and in that refpedt partly, and partly becaufe
^ v^ they obferued fome necrenefle in Religion, I haue adioyned theFhi-



u'VV,>?^ liftimstothcPhceniciansrhowbeit, others do confine Phceniciabe-

s, twixt the RiiierValania and Mount Carmel. Thus hath ^ "Brocard a ^mard.if
written, and after him CMaginm; whodoereckon vnto Palxftina, ^*''^^- "^"^'^ ■
Calika, Samaria, Iudia,and Idum£ca,leauing out Phoenicia, bounded as aforelaid, e'eeg^-'*^'^'^""'^
to make a part of Syria byitfelfe. Ofthis Region I purpofe to make larger difcourfc
in the next Chapter ; heere intending to rake out of their duft the auncient Nations
which inhabited this Land, before the Ifraelites were Lords thereof. The Sodomites
fomttimesinhabitedapleafantandfertiIcvallcy,wateredby lordan, which Ol4ofes
comfi\ti\i^ to the garden of the Lord^andthe L^»(io/t^^o[7pf,forp!eafure and plenty, b Got.ij.io.
To the Sodomites I reckon alfo thofe other Citties partakers of the fame fcrtilitie and
vengeance, Gomorrha, tyidma, Zeboim, andlittleZoar, faued at the requeft ofLot.
Their Kings and their Warrcs are mentioned, Gen. 14, Their n^/r^f^^^jir'' in many
places of Scripture ; which £«.fcAW creduceth to thefefoure heads, Tr/i^f, ^/»r- c £^. 1^,49.
tofiie,IdleKlfe, and Crtteltie, orhard-heartednefle. Their iudgement both (Jkofes
andothers,and the place it fclfe doe record. Ihc'ir Re/igioft was an irreligion, and
prophane contempt of God and Man. Europe (I would I coUldnot fay England)
can now yecid the like : fauing that in our fubtile, and more wane age, Policie, ha-
uingeaten vp Religion, hath withiheblo'.;dthere£>f dyed hercheekes, and would
fecme more fhamefaft then thofe former Sodomites. Thmd\d '^ Efay (pezkc to the ''^' °'
^Princes of SodoTfie (inhistime) andthepeople of Gomorrha , in relpeil oithat their
wickedneffe , which furuiued them, and hathfruflificd vnto vs, among whom yet the
Lord of Hoafts (as with them) hath referued a fmall remnant from this worfe plague
^tn Sodomshnm^o\-\Q, a Reprobate fence. The diflference betwixt ours and them is,
that they were more open,ours more clofe,both in like height, but not in like weight
of wickednefl'e ; our darknefle excelling theirs both in the finne, and in the punifii-
mcnt, in as much as a greater light hath fhinedjwhich we with-hold invmighteoufnes.
Andifyouwillhauethemainccharaftcr of difference betwixt thefe and thofe; ths
one are beattly Men, the other arc Dcuils in the fleih.

Firft, from a fparke of Hell Cowupifceme , (guided by SenfuallLufl , attended by
e EirfeatidProfperitie, and further inflamed and blowne by the Deuil!) an VKnAturall c Vro, i. 31.
fire, (which ftillbeareththenameof S'o^o/w/V) waskindled, which gauecoales to a
fupernaturall flame, r4/»f(ii^ /iff Lord in'BrrmJione aud Ftre from the LoRn out
o///m«(?», and burning eucnto Hell againc (the* and* of Vvickednefle) where ' i,,jcv.y.
they fuffcr (fayth Iiide) the vengeance of eteynall fire. This f isvorittetifer ourlear- f ». rer. i.tft
ning on tvhomethe ends of the world are come, their afhes being made an example vnto
them that ftiold after hue vngodly. Let not any obie6l the Preacher here, and re-
quire



^ 6 OfVaUJl'ma^and tkfirjl inhabitants thereof ^^ c. Chap .18.



quire the Hifiorian, feeing that Hifioriebuilds not Caftles in the ayre, but preacheth
tothciulll and diuine knowledge by examples ot thepaflcd, vnto theprcfent Ages.
And why Oioiild not Ipreachthis,vvhich, not my calling alone, but the verJe place it
icifc cxadlcth?

Thy hetr.g dead, yet fpedie, and th« plate of theirburiall, is a place to our mcmo-
3 lordanrun- ne^beingturtted into aSea (but a T)ead Sva a) which couereth their finncs, that
Dd Sea and " '^^X difcouer ours; which, as aftonifhed at their vnnaturalncfTe, hath forgotten
there ftayeth '""^r ov.nc nature : It drow'ncth the Earth, which it fhould haue made (as whi-
witKoutiiVue lome it did) fertile; itllayes it felfe with wonder and indignation, and fallingin
to the Ocean, a dead fwowne, finckcthdowne withhorrour, not weakened, not mooued vvith
the wind:s bliillcring; rcfufing the light of the Sunnc, the lappe of the Ocean,
the commerce of Strangers, or familiaritie of her owne, and (asithappeneth in
decpc palHons) the colour goeth and commeth, changing three times euerieday:
3t gafpetb foorth from her dying entrailcs a /}incking and noyfome ayre, to the
neere dwellers pefliferous,forrictimesvoyding (as it were excrements) bothlioh-
ter allies, zndgioiXe ey^fph.i/rtim: The neighbour fruitcs participate of this death
proniifing to the eye tooihfcmeand wholefome foode, peiformingoncly fmoakc
andaOies. And thus hath our Gob (hewed himlejfe a confnming fire , the Lord
of anger, to whom vengeance belo>igeth-, all Creatures muftering themfelues in his
fight, and laying at his firft call to execution, Loeweeare heere. That which I
haue faid of thtfe m racles, ftill lining in this Dead-Sea, is confirmed by teftimonie
b lofephjehel. of many '' Au hours. Brocard telleth of thofe Trees, withaflics growing vndcr
lud.l.'i.c.u Engaddijby this Sea; andavapoutsrifingoiitof the Sea, which blafteth the neioh.
fTI'ii'Th'rc bouf-^'U't^s ; ^"'l ^^'^ '^ flime-pittes on the brinckes of tTie Sea, which bee ^w.
two dcfcribe it Neither Grangers nor her owne haue acccfle there, where Fifhcs (the naturall in-
atlarge.AUb habitants of the Waters) and Watcr-fowles (themofivfuall guefles) haue no cn-
Strab(i,ltb.\6. tcrtainment, and men, or other heauie bodies cannot fincke. Veffajian prooucd
Vlin.ltb.^x.io. this experiment, by cafting infomebound, vnskilfullof fwimming, whom the wa.
n-^od"nea^nd ^^^'^ ( furfetted with fwallowing her owne) fpewcd vpagaine. This is mentioned
elder Chrifti- by Arijioih d alfo, who faith that the faltncfle thereof is the caufe why neither mail
ans.p/o'cw/ norbeall (thoughbound) canfinckeinit.norany filliliuc thereinjwhichyetin the
placeihdie falt-fea wcs fee otherwife. The Philcfopher could fee no further then reafon not
niiddcft there- a]l that neither: but CJJ/o/f/ guideth vs beyond Philofophic to diuine vengeance,
ai'to/7 c 16 which thus fubuertcd Nature, when men became vnnaturall. The Lake, lofefhm
c GM.14 10. faith , is fiue hundred and fourcfcore furlongs in length, ( Plinte hath an hundred
d At ift. Meteor, myles) the breadth, betweene fixe, and fiue and twentic, m'yies. Strabo telleth of
Lb.zeaf.i. thlrtecne Cities ftill,(« hereof Sodomc was chiefe) ofthreefcore furlongs compaflc;
whereof fome were confumed by fire, or fwallowed by Earth-quakes and fulphu-
rous Waters, the refl forfaken : fome Remainders (as bones of thofe c?rcaflcs ) then
eLVerJix.9. in bis time continuing. « ZJ eriema^jnui fnkh, That there are the ruines of three Ci-
ties on the toppcs of three Hilles : and that the Earth is without water, and bar-
ren, and (a greater miracle) hath akindeof bloodie mixture, fome what like red
waxe, the depth of three or fourecubites. The ruines 6f the Cities are there fecuc
ftill.

Idumia lyeth Southward from ludara : it had name of Sdgm, the fir-name of
Efiii, (rtnneoi ffaal^. The Hifiorieof this people^ and the Horites, whom the chil-
iGen.-^6, drcnofEfan expelled, fucceeding in their inheritance, is related by f OHcfis. It
Veut.z.zz. was iiibdued by Day.id^ according to the Prophccie, The elder p^all [erne the yonder.
They rebelled vnder /o>-/7w,the fonne of /ehofiphat ; as Ifaak^ had alfo prophecied.
^lef.Antiq.\i. Fromthattimcthcycontinucdbittcrencmics tothepeopleof God, g till Hircanus,



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 21 of 181)