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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 23 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 23 of 181)
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fur Machati,Soba,Theman,andDamaftus: in A7^f/ifW/w, Afor, Cedes, Emach : in
'7<5/'e;i',Hcrhbon,Madian,Pctra:in5'/w#o«,Dabir,Gciara:in Zebiilon, leconan, Sc-
nieron. The like Catalogue he maketh of EpifcopallCitties in this Land, while it
was Chnftian. My purpofe is not to write of all,but clpecially of fuch as arc in fomc
refpeft eminent.
iPlinJib.u Aitdfirft letmcdipmypenncinlordan. This,faithP//»j',aisa pleafantriuer, and

cap.ii. as farre as the fituatioaofplaces will permit, ambitious-; prodigally imparting it (eife

to the inhabitants, and (as it were vnwilling) pafleth to that curfed Lake Afphaitites,
ofwhich at laft it is drunkevp,loring his laudable waters, mixed with thofepettilcnt.
As foone therefore as thevallcycs glue opportunity, it fprcadeth it felfc into a Lake
called Genefara,fixteene miles long and fixe broad cnuironed with pleafant Townes ;
lulias and Hippo on the Eaft ; on the South,Tarichea ,• and Tiberias on the Wcrt,made
c txfbnt'um- wholcfomc with his bote waters. Thefountainesot this Riucr arc two, called « Tor
mne aifie de- and Dan, which compounding their rtreamcs,do alio compound their names,as Tame
clmdefctnf, a,i(^if,sv\ithvsbringforth(happypaients)ourTamcsor Thamifis. f Here was the
^A. Mra Cittic Dan.fo called ofthe Danitcs,before Laifli hid. i $.i 9. and LcOiem, /of. 1 9, 47.

f Acii/cu But before this time both the Riuer had the fair.e namc,Iordan,and the place it fclfe ac
{iitMifin the foot ofLibanus,whence the fountain fpringcth was called Dan,C/#». 1 4 14. When
lofi.)defcen- /./^yf; wrote ; except we bcleeue yI/*i/7« J, that the Pentateuch and other Scriptures
dcm *^J» i*c ^,gj.g j,y £^y^ aftej. ji^e captiuity digefled into that forme with thofe names which wc
etiam Ulmud. ^^^^^^^^ Herewas after builcCilareaPaneadis, called afterward oi Philtp thcTc
ig/^c'iud. tT^c\\C,;farea Phtlippi,zr)d2hcrthzihy eyigrippa,']s[ere»ia. This ioyningoflot and
t - .\t.Brourd. Dan is the beginning ofthe apparant Hrcame : but the true S and firlt conception of it
is in PhiaIe,one hundred and twenty furlongs from C£farca,a fountaine ofvnfearcha-
bledcpthjWhi h yet (like feme mifcrableChurle)alwayescontaineth the waters in it
felfe,tillfinking,andasit were buried in the earth, thofe treafures being by Natures
ftcahh conucyed vndcr ground vnto^.i» or/' <««c^*, who is liberall of that vfurer*
■wealth (for into that Phiale poure as much as you will , it neuer incrcafeth or dccrea-
Icth) and thence it becommeth a Riuer. Phtltp the Tetrach ofTrachonitis,by cafling
b Qr,Makdan chaffc therein,which was paidehimagainc at Dan, firft found out this vnder.caith
paflage. The Saracens call that Phiale, in this relptft ^ j^Icdan, that is, the waters ot
Dan. Before it maketh the Lake ofGenez3rcth,it maketh another called Samachoni-
tis. This is efpecialiy filled, when the fnovves on Libanus are melted, which caufctb
MafiHhr.t. i lordan then to fvvell,and ouer-flow his bankes,in the firft moneth,ycarely(and made
i'^'jl^" '"t- the miracle in fofhuas ^ paflage thorow it the more miraculous ) but in Summer it is
J2.H. * " almoft drien vp; and by reafon of that matter which therein groweth isahaibourfor
k lojh.j. vvildebeafts, iciscallcdthe watersofMeron, hajfe-way betwecne CzelareaPhilippi,

where the marriage betweene lor and Dan is lblemnizcd,and the Lake ofGcnezareth.
£//^,and after his alTumption,his doakc, diuidedthefe ftreamcs : N.tc.maKS Icprofie
was here clcanfed ; and a greater Leprohe then Naar/iant is daily cleanfed in the
Church by the laucr of Regcner3tion,tirft fandlificd to that vfe in this ftrcamc , where
1 Matth.i. the holy Tn»;f}'l did firft yeelde it ielfe in fcnfible apparition to the world, thereby
to conleciate that Baptifme.w herby we arc confecrated to thi s blefled Trinity, the Fa-
ther Sonncand Holy Ghoft. Inwhichrefpedrnpilgrimesin memory therof, do ftill
iri Adruhom. ^^^^ thcmiclues in this Riiier,fporiing themfelues further ( I feare) by this wafliine

with lome myre ot luperltition.
n R.'Daiiid: 1 cannot blamethis facredftreamc,ifitfeeme loath, as P/iiy faith,to!eauefo fertile a

I^(Cj/.i4 ""'» countrcy.and imgcrech as long as it may in " lakes by the way , not onely for that fait
tcnaip-ae 'A a- gea or hellin-iiake.whichnuuteth vp his ouiltleffe wanes in perpetuall imprifonmcnt,
ibilKif/ilmmb' ^""^ ^'^° '""^ thofe pleafures in the paflage the fruits ol the earth without cxn6tion free-
recenlet. lyyecIded^asRofcs^SagCjRuej&c.ofthe trees,in01iucs,Figs,PomcgranatSjDatcs,and

Vines



Chap.U ASIA. Thefecond'Eooke^ ICJ5

Vines (which laft the Mahumetan fuperftition doth not cherifh , andthe Wefternc
Chriftians did fo husband, thar one Vine * by their aite and induftrie, yccldedthree » Bmritrd.
Vintages in Auguft,Septembcr,0(^ober.) The ^ ^r,tpes of Efhco/, v-hkhcouidhdc a N;*»f.ij. 14.
two men with one clufkr, were not fo famous as the Balm'e of GiUad^ , which fir ^ lercm.'i.it^
« /zri? yT/<?r(rA<!«f^ we reade of, from that Mart, vented to other p3«rts of the world. f^^^^J "'
Thefe Balme-trees grew in the Vale of Icricho,which being cut,yeelded this precious Trem.io/.'J^Jtiq.
liquor; whereofjbefides the admirable effeds in curcs,other wonders are told by an* 15. y.
cient and later Writers, too long here to relate, "Btllonius ^ will doc it for me,if any lift ^ EeUon, lib.t,
toxe2dch\s0^feruat/ens, Hejsnotof theirminde, which thinke there is now no true "/" 59-
Balfam in the world (thefe in ludara being periflicd) butthinkethin Arabia-Foelix it faith'thaT^*
growcth naturaliy,from whence fome fiirubs he fa w in Cairo <=. But I fliould bee too groweth in E-
tedious if I fhould infift on this argument : That inftance of fuch a woild ofpeoplc.iti ^ypt, stmbtal-
fuch a patch of the world, doth fufficiently declare thefcrtilitie, when as Dauidi num- '° "i Ccelcfy-
bredthem,iiooooo.lfraelites,andof Iuda,47oooo.oras in i.Sam.z^.^. 500C00. r'*'^*;'.
which drew fword ; and yet Beniamin and Lent wne not reckoned in this number : stf-T-nml"^'
and in the dayes of leroboam,% Abija King of Iuda,brought into the field 400000. and notes on '
/ifrtf^o/?»» 800000. and on this part were flainc in one battell 500000. all choice men; t.Sflw.249,
which Hiftorie cannot be matched with the like in all ages and places of the world: S »-Cfc>»3.ij.
that a Countric, an hundred and fixtic miles long, and not abouefixtie in breadth,
fliouId nourifli at once, or lofc in a battell fuch multitudes , not to fpeake of impotent
pcrfons, women and children. But this multitude by ciuiil warres and inuafions of e-
nemies decrealed , till firft the reliques oflfraci, andafter, the remnant ofluda,
were by the Affyrians, and Babylonians led captiuc, and the LanA tnioye^ her
Sabbaths,

For theKingdomc oflfraci confifting of ten Tribes , ( lome ircckon Simeon alfo to
Inia^ becaufe of his portion mixed with Judaes, as "Bemamins was adioyning thereto ,
to whom the Leuites''likewifc,andPrieftsforfaking their Cities, and all the religious h s.cfo'«».9 14
]fraelitcs annexed themfeliies) forfooke'notthehoufeof iP.««/Wonly,butthehoufeof ' Agreatp.irc
the Lord.and fct them vp Calues(Egyptian fupcrftitions) at Dan and Bethcl,and made °^ Stmamin,a-
Pricfts for their Idolatrous purpofe. This their rebellion and Apoflafie God plagued fubieft' to^m.
with ciuiil diflenfion and forren hoftilitie,vntiI at laft the Aflyrians ^ rcmouedthem al- „iA poftcritic,
together,andrepeopledthofeparts with new Colonies. Such is the end of Religion, k i.Rcg,i'j,
which hath not God for the beginning, but is grounded on humanepolicie , a fandic
foundation. luda could not take warning, but prouoking Cod by Idolatrous courfes,
fltlaft was carried to Babel, and thence, after fcuentieyearcs, returned. ThcHiftoric
of thefe things, lb fully related in Scripture,! ftiould but marre in the telling.

After this their returne the Land was not, as before, named after the portions of the
feuerall Tribes : but was called by a gcncrall name, 1 ludta, and the people lewesy be- j ^^rj .•
caufetHcTribeof/«(!/<ihadbefoicinh3bitedthofcpaits, or at leaft the principallof
them, dilating themfelucs further, as they increafcd in number and povvcr. But more
efpeciallylud3:awas the name of one »' third part of the CoUntrie, by that name di- „, Paliftina
flinguiflicd from the other two, Samaria, and Galilea, which two laft arc fomctimes diuidcdimoj.-
referred to Phoenicia, , rGalilet

Galilaca was the mort Northerly, confining on Libanus and Antihbanus toward the pafts^samarja
North, Phoenicia Wefterly,Ccelc(yria on the Eaft; and Samaria, with Arabia, inclo- udxa*

fing her Southerly borders, lordanparteth it inthemiddeft. It wasdiuidedintothe
higher and lower Galilee : the higher called alfo Galilee of the Gentiles , coutayneth
the fprings of lordan, andthofe Cities which Salomon giue to Hir^m. The lower
was alfo called Galilee of T/^ffW/M, that Citicgiuing name both to the Lake and Re-
gion : in which Nazareth was famous,and the hill Thabor.

Samaria is featcd betwixt Galilee and ludasa, much lefTethen either of them. lu-
dxa is the moft Southerly J b.etweenetheMediterrancanandDeadSeas,Samaria,and *
Idixmcz.PIinie " maketh Galilxa apart ofit,aud Perxa another part, fcparated from the n P/is.^j.f.if,'
reft by lordan. The reft he diuidcth into ten Toparchics ; IcricOjEmausyLiddajloppe,
Acrabatena,Gophnitic3,Thamnitica,Bctholene,Tcphene,Orine,in which was Icru-
falem farrc the faiiefi of the Cities of the Eaft, not of ludsea alone : Herodium , with a

famous



io6



ji T>efcr'tptim ofhc{^a,o



7C.



Ch AP.l.



Hlircn.'m
piH.119.



a Defcription
of old lerufa-
lem : this was
faiih Hierome ,
in the midftof
the world, and
thcnauell of
earth : hauing
on the Eaft A-
lia,on the weft
Europe, Africa
on the South:
Scythia, &c.
on the N.



b PAI.Sj.ii.

c Jerzi.6.

d Row. 14.17.

e Gen.ti.m.



f lufdeZcU.
I.7.C.1Z.

g Aiitiq l.-j.c.%
h lofeplms and
rhilo vnskilfuU
in Hebrew.
/M,:f in lot. 10.
Scd.Elerich.fcr.



famous Towne of the fame name. He addeth vino thefe the Region of Decapolis , fo
called ofthe number of theTownes^ and the Tetrarchies ; Trachonitis, Paneas, Abila,
Arca,Ampeloc(ra,Gabc. Thofe tcnTownes of DecapohswercCifarea, Phijippi,
Afor, Cedes, Nept3lim,Scphet,Corozain,Caph3rn3um,Bethfaida,Iotapata, Tibe-
rias, and Bethfan,otherwife called Scythopolis, and before Nyfa, where 'i?4(rcA«* bu-
ried his Nurfe. But thefe are parts of thofe former parts abouc mentioned ; and fo may
we fty ofthe reft, fuftayning, in diuers rcfpedis, diuers diuifions,befl fitting to the prc-
fent polities, and little to our purpofe.

Thofe things which ofold were famous in thofcplaccs , are mentioned in the Scri-
pture : Thofe things which fince haue beene more remarkeable ; I purpofe in the ncxc
part of this Worke, of Chriftian Religions, to handle, and cfpecially the rarities of Ic-
rufalem, fometimes the holy Citie,a»d Citie ofthe great King, now a 'Den ofTh;et:es • a
habitation ofMahumetans, or rather now not at all : for this which is now, is a new
Citic, called by the Founder ' ty£lia CafitoUnA.hmW by ^Uhs aAdriamt^^vtho cau-
fed the plough to pafle through, and fait to be fowne in the old, as teftifj'ing her ctcr-
nalldefolation, and fulfilling Chriftsprophfecie to the vtmoft, notleauingaftonevp-
ona (lone , if Titus had not fully accomplifhed the fame before, ^rias Montanusm
bis A''fW;/^ affirmeth, that lerufalem was founded on three » Hills; to wit, Sion
on which the lebufites built their Tower ; and which in T)autds time was further buiU
ded on, and called the Citie ofCDrtw/ii/, The fecond Hill was Mount Moriah, which
I)*?«/W bought of ^r.;i««4, to ere6l thereon the Temple. The third was the higher A-
cta, called the Suburbe. Thefe were compafled with one wall without ; and within
diuided with three walls, by which the Citie oi'Dauid, and Moriah, and the hioher A.
era were feuered. In the circuit ofthe walls were nine gates. Hee that defirc-th further
to reade, or rather to fee the old lerufalem, with her holy Fabriques , let him refort to
y4ria4 Montcintts his Antioiuitates fud^.ia, where he both rclateth, and in figures pre-
fenteth thefe things. It is fuppofed that Melchifedech built it about the yea re of the
World20 23.andcalIedit5'<«/if»7, ///Vrowf in his i ip.Epiftle hath thefe wordcs^/p/i
A^etrofiolis tua fnus lebns, foJieA falem , tertio Hierofolj/ma, et nunc ty£lia ; As ifit
were called lebus before it had the name of Salem, which is not fb probable. The
Kings thereof were anciently called CMelchi-z.edek^ otAdoni-z.edek,, that is, Kings or
Lordsof iuflice;orofZe^e/(,, which fomewill haue the firft name thereof, and Salem
the fecond ; this fignifieth Peace, Righteoufrejfe ^ indeede and peace did here kiflc each
other, when the e Lord oftrrighteoftfaejfe here preached peace and woi made our peace^
and righteoufncfTe the true Melchiz^edekjivhoCe Kmgdome ^ U righteouf»ejfe,peace,a>ii
ioy w the holy Ghojl. It was after called lerufalem by addition ofthe word /<?rf/^, as
fomc thinke, to the former name Salem, For fo it is faid oi Abraham ^ when God tried
his obedience in hereoffering his fonne, he called the place Ichoua iereh, the LordrpiH
prowzi^r, from which and Salem by compofition arifeththis name, fo fitting both the
Citie and myftciie. lofephus^ faith it wasfirfl: called Solyma, and by Melcbtfedechn^^
med Hierofoly ma of a Temple by him there built , as if /'epoV had beene the language of
lerulalem : clfcwherc S he attributeth it to Dauid, from an Hebrew deriuation , which
and other like Etymologies haue caufedcJ^f^y;/// ^ topronounce him ignorant ofthe
Hebrew, and educated only in the Grerke , as Scaliger fomewhere affirmeth of PhUo
his companion in Nation, learning, and in that Grecian eloquence wherein they ncuer
had Companions , neither of their owne, nor fcarfe of any other Nation. The lebufites
after poflcfled (and of them feme deriuethe name ]emCzkm,^ua/i lebujpilem) ti!lD<?-
«/<^ expelled them : who had before raigned in Hebron (called Cariatharbe,the Citie of
foure men, fay fome, becaufe of Adam, Abraham, IJaac, and larob, both dwelling and
buriall there ; yet Ada?it, others fay, was buried in mount Caluarie, with other fpecu-
lations curious and vncertaine,) Hee tranflated the highcft feat both of Ipirituall and
temporall Regiment to lerufalem, where he raigned after, three and thirtie yeercs, to
whom fucceeded Salomon, and the reft in order. It then contaynod in circuit fiftie fur-
longs, compafled with a great ditch threefcore foot dcepc, and two hundred and fifcic
broad. J^itbuchodonofor deftroyeth it, T^ehemias reedified ir, three and thirtie furlongs
in circuit : The Mdchabees, Herod, zndoihers,3ddcd tohercxcellence^tillT/w^bcfie-

gcd



**■



C HA p.l. ASIA- Thefecond'Booke. lo;'



red andtookcit; inwhiclificgearcfaidtohaucperiflicd uooooo. people; and be-
ing now a fcpulchre of dead carkaflcs, was made a lpe(5taclc of diuine vengeance , for
miirthering the Lord of Life. But thofe ftrugling fpirits, and fmall remnancs of Jife
which remayned in this forlornc carkafle of the fometime lerufalem , breathed a new
rcbelhon, in the time o\' Adrian , and thereby breathed her laft, as beforeisfaid.
Bernard de Bretdenbach faith, hee ncuer faw any place which had a fairer pro fped then
lerufalem , prefcnting to the eye Arabia, the Plaine of Icricho, and the Dead Sea. The
Saracens haue therein the Temple of 5<?/i!?wo«, or as they call it, the holy Rockji for'"
themidftthereof is a little Rock, grated about with yron, whereto they come from
farre in Pilgrimage, yet dare not touch it for the holinefl'e. For on this Aid Melchifc
dech offer; /^co^flept when he dreamed of the Ladder; Danid faw the Angell with
thefword; /<?«»?«? inclofed in it the Arkc, which ftill (as fomcthinke) continueth
therein. And a world ofwondcrs they tell you thereof. Our Author had like to haue
bccne flaine with his Aflbciates for offering to enter this Temple. There were alway
kept burning therein 700. lamps: it was round and coucred with lead. Another Tem-
ple he faw there, which fometime had becnc called 5<*/«W(j»/ Porch, after that, the
Church of 5t. Marie wherein the Saracens keptburning 800. lamps, vndcr which was
a vault, which had rooiiic fufficient for 600. horfe, Ludo/phas SutheneMfs telleth, that
in his time about the yearc 1 3 3 <5. fome Greekes which had entred that Church of the
holyJiocl^, wercputtothcirchoiceeithcrtoturne Saracen or todie:buttheyremay- f Btniamjud.
nin!^conflantwerecMta-funderinthemidft. Butwhatdoe wee now in t/£liaorthe BreUenb.
novv lerufalem : whofe rarities the iournals of many * teftifie. Concerning the former, mdolph.
The Hillorieof this Citie theSaipture hath recorded; and where Diuine Hiftorie en- ^'^',""^'. .
dcth, lofefhas and He^ejippus (that 1 fpcake not of late Writers) haue largely fupplicd, ^' j'/almii'atPs,
efpecially concerning her lateft fates, andas I may termeit, in her funcrall Sermon, ^c,
ii i'/rrf^o, /«/?/»*, and others, haue written of this people, but not finccrely. Butthe b luftiaMb-ii,
fountaines arc clcare enough to acquaint Ys with their true originall, which commcth Strabe,lib i6.
next to be conlidered.

Chap. I I.

off he Hebrew Patriarkes^ and their Religioa before the Law : dfs
of their Law and Politico.

^^^^^^Hc name of Hebrevves fomc deriue from Ahrsham, as if they were cal-

IcdHehdiquaJl Abrahiti.z/lrias MentanMs^tt\\n\\vs^t):\uih'nx\2.mc

ofHebrewes was not appropriate to any famihc, bat common to all

fuch, as hauingpaffedouer the Riuer Euphrates fixed their Tents, and <^ Moo.deAn-

abode bctweene that Riuer and the great Sea. He gathercth this from ''9-^'*«'-^«»'m»»

the Hebrew word '^, which fignifieth to pafle ouer. Such an one firft of ^ me'eum '*

all was Heberjccking a life anfwcrable to his name : whofe example (faith he) Thare Hit>on.m lon.u

imitated: and after, w^^r^w for his twofold tranfmigration fromChaldea, and from idmScaLEpi^^

Haran, deferued that name, and left it to his pofteritie. But <= lofephnsj Augnfiwe.znd 'dTomfon.i^ad

others, more fitly (in my minde) ofi7*^fr the fourth from S'/Exr/w, the fonnc of A^«^^, ^'<'i'''>^^«''«'»'

with whofe familie, as we haue faid, continued the ancient language of the world,<al« ^eUfanlmltih

led ofhis name,Hcbrew:his fonneT*/ir^^,orTA<«/<r^,bearing the name ofthatdiuifion;, c iof,Aniiq.Ub\

which at the time of his birth the reft of the world in their languages fuftayned. This i'C<if.6.

ftlegvi^s grand-fjther to Serng , whom fome affirme to haue bccne the firrt maker of ^ '^'*^- ^' '■*""'

Idols,which were afterwards worfliippcdbyTv^-uW his fonne,andrWtf his Nephew, ^"■''*'^''^-'3.

thefathcrofex4^r^OT, who preached openly that there was but g one God, Creator

andGouernourof all things; and by this doftrineprouoking the Chaldeans againft ^ • .,
him,warnedbyOracle,departedtowards Canaan. S H^nti<[,hh,-

BelUrmitte h lo eagerly fwalloweth this opinion, that he taxeth ^^/«/» of hercfie, for *

attributing to /4^r^?<«wthecontraric; namely,that^^r*z/j^w, before God called him h BeU.deTfot,

putofVr, was an Idolater: an opinion fo much more probable, then the other, as ha- £«/efi.4.c.9,

uine




ioS OftheHdrele^atriarkes^'isrc. ■ Chap,2.

* Jof.ix 1 "'"» better authoritic. For lefhua * obicdleth to the Ifraelitcs their fore- fathers Idola^
a Gepcbrarl trie, and iiamcth ft/^^>-^^^wamongfl them. And ^tw^rW^ doth fo interpret it; and
chrmlib.i . Maftti '° in his Commentaries on that place , both zealous and learned Papifts : yea
b MagjnUf. £,i„^4;7«jc fpecifieth theldolatrie, andcallcthhim a worfhipper of ^f/if^. i Snteas
^^' , ■ faith, that ^^y^t^ijw by the obfcruation of the Creatures in his fludie of Aftronomie,
FnfiliK ' hfiCii vp his niinde aboue the ftarres, and by the glorie, and order of them, learned the
d Suidas, knowledge of God, neuer ceafing that Diuinc fearch, till God appeared to him.
Which opinion may reconcile both the former: that firft h'ec was , and after ccafed to
be, an Idolater, before God appeared in vifion to him. He alledgcth Tht/o for his Au-
thor, that as fourteene ycares -.4^r<»^<?»?rcproucd Thara for feducing men vnto Idola-
trie (moued by hi5 priuatc lucre) with Images :and feeing the Heauen fbmtime clcare,
fometime clo wdie, he gathered, that that could not be God. The like he concluded of
the Suane, and Moonc, by their Eclipfes (for his father had taught him Aftronomic.)
At laft God appeared, and bad him leaue his countrie. Wiiercupon hee tookc his Fa-
thers Images, who (as before is faid) was an Image-maker, and partly broke, partly
burntthem,and then departed. Su/Joi further thinkcth him the lirft inuenter of Let-
ters, ofthe Hebrew tongue, and of the interpretation of dreames; which I leaue to
the Authors credit. But for the fault oi^hraham before his calling, & other blemiflics
e ^:ifivere after, in him and the reft ofthe Patriarkes ; what'doctheyeKe, but in the abounding
rwn tanto IWi- ofmans finnc, fet out the fuperabounding grace of God ? and arcprofitable,3s learned
jlriorfit Dei Jl^orton f in his anfwcre of this cauill, hath out ofone of their owne S obferucd againft
^^f'hiTkehra- them, vNhathehad obfcriiedout of^«f«/?/w, to thefefourepurpofes : Faith, Ivftrn-
tlor &!. ^4- ^ti»',Feare,^\\AHofe -.thcFaith oi i\\c Hiftoiic which flattercth , orconcealeth the
in iof.i^. faults of none : InJiruUion to vertue,by feeing others faults taxed : FeareSox what fliall

f Mm-t.Ap.p.t . Hiiubs doc, if Cedars fall ? and Hope, that we imitate their repentance, by feeing their

Lfe/'Vc^S- ButtorcturnetoourHiftorie. Many '"f the Ethnikehiftorics mention him: "^rr**-

fris commcndcth Vim for his iuftice, and skill in Aftronomie. Nic. "DamafceKSisfahh,
that he raigned at Damafcus, and that in his time , his houfe continued in Damafcus,
and was flill called by his name : Hecatius wrote a booke of him : and Alexander /'o-
/j-i/^wtcllech that hee was borne in the tenth generation after the floudinCamarine
h yim'iq.l.t.c.S (orVrien) a Citic of Babylon. lefephm ^ addcth , that when famine draue him into
i Gea.il. txEgypt ' , hedifputcd withthePriefts, and moft learned ex£gyptians, in qucflions
of Diuinitie ; and in their diuidcd fefls, hauing confuted one by anothcr,hecommu-
catcd to them the truth, both in this, and in Arithmctikc and Aftronomie, w hereof be-
fore the (t/£gypiians were ignorant, tyihrafn (faith Mafter BroughtoKin his Concent)
k Seethe wasbornefixtieyeercslaterthen thecommonaccount; as appeareth l' bycomputa-
Chronolojic , tion o^Terahs Age, who died at two hundred and fiue yceres, and after his death ' t^-
Ciiap.i 1 . bram went from Charan into Canaan , the threefcore and fifteenth y cere of his owne

i Gm,i».4, ]ife. and therefore was borne in the hundred and thirtieth, and not in the feuenticth
ycevcof his Father, in the 552. yecre after thefloud; v^hereas the common opinioa
reckoneththe -jpi. To t/^^?-/?w> God had giuencommandement, faying : Gofromthy
Countrie, and from thy Kindred, and from thy fathers houfe into the Lahdwhich I fl/aS
/hew thee, mud / will make eft hee a great Nation, tic.

Hi-Hiftorie is fully related by yi/i?p/, andhisprogenicalfo; whereof //wji*?/ his
Sonne by ey^^.?r, and other his fonneswh!chhehadbyirtff«y<?hisfecondwife,hefcnt
to inhabite the Eafl Countrie (Arabia) in his life-time; but Jfaac was made his Heire,
both Temporal! and Spiritual! : to whom lacob fucceeded in the prom ifedble fling:
who with his fonncs and familie went downe into Egypt , where his pofteritie multi-
plied exceedingly, and were called fometime Ehrewes ot their ancientpedegrcc ; fome-
time !fraelites,<>f the name //r^;/, giuen to /rfco^ by the Angell , Cfw.32.28. Their
IB Sodm<ikd% whole Hiftoric lb largely and plainely in holy Writ recorded, I feare tomakc"" Mine^
r.xita!,fffic!s by euiil reciting : Thofe Fetmtawes are more open to all , then that any fiiould need©
efje t:is. M.ir- Qiirs^ or others Brcekes. mixed with fome myric earth (at leafi) in the paffagc : (and my
• intent is to bee largeft in relation of thofe things which are not in the Scriptures ; only

touching thofe things briefly for order fake.) Their Religion, meanc while, wasthc

bcft



Chap, 2. ASIA, ThefecondBoGke. /09

be(iamon"fl:thc:bcft , though ftayned in fomc, as T{/tchcl ^ which ftalc her Father
LitkiHS Idols; and laco^ wns forced after to reformc hisFamilie hi this rcfped ; and
after in Egypt they were corrupted with the Egyptian fuperliicion , as Ez.cchicl * pro- • E^^n. -.0.8.
ccfisacainftthein. The manner of Diuinc worfhip was not fo (traitiy limited, asaf- d-^i-i.



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 23 of 181)