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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 25 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 25 of 181)
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mioht enter the Temple when they were excommunicated ; but that they might enter lib.^.pag.i^fi. .
the Synagogue is vnlikely.Thus they write, ^ Salomon made two doores,in the Tern- ^ ^43 li^MU'
plCjOne for mourners and excommunicates, the other for the newly married : at this,if r"^* ' "^■^*
anyentrcd.thelfraeliteswhichcamcon the Sabbaths, and fate betwixt thofc doorcs, '^'' "

faid. He whofe name dwelleth in this houfe, glad thee with children : If any entred at
the Other doore with his vpper lip couercd,they knew that he was a mourncr,and faid.
He which dwelleth in this houfe rcioycc and comfort thee if his lip were not coucred,
they knew that he was AIe>3ndde,e%commun\C3Ltc,ind faid, He which dwelleth in this
houfe put into thy heart to hearethe words ofthy fellowes &c.vyhcn the Temple was
dcftroyed, they decreed that the Bridcgromcs and Mourners fhould enter the Syna-
gogue.and the men which faw them reioyced with the one, and fate on the ground
withtheothcr.lfthey did not amend,they were excommunicated with a greater curfe,
or Anathema : andifthcy perfifted obfiinatc, they did Samstizc them.Thc word Ana-_

L ? tbcms




1^4 Ofth l^ii^ious places of the JJraeliies, CnAP,j^

thema is fometimes taken generally, but heere for a particular kinde. t^faran-atha
fignifieth the Lord commeth; and lb doth 5f»7-4ri4. Forby5;»», and more empha-
tically, Hajfem they vied to fignifie/A? name, meaning that T*tragrammaton,2i\-\A inef-

inoiixattnrgf. fable name of God, now commonly pronounced ' lehoaah. It may alfobe com-

{jPficttrit.7{jJ. pounded of 54W/?, after the Chaldcc forme; or of Sam and mitha^ which figniSeth

iftfi/te) pcrnici- There is death. Some authors afcribe this to the inftitution of Henoch: which they ga-

emfs'licat & ji^^, ^^ of /^^^

afjimtatem ha- ^

bet cum rone Gemiliim, cerruptiim etiimeHex Ic^me coirupta &c. ideegpHtat nem'mtm piumeo vti pojfe :vide em Tttror

gram, vbi at;-quiioto moUius agit &fiirtafe melius,



Chap. Ill,
'Of the Religioits Placesofthe Jfraelites.

N the difcoucrie of their ancient Religion, it feemeth fittcft to difcoui-fe

firftofPlaces.fccondly ofTimeSjthirdly of Rite?,fourthlyofPerfons

confecratcd to ^*//^/o». And firft, of the firft. Neither were the firft

][ Hcfplniatt, dt ^^^, o^^ men, I' norfirft Hebrewes, very religious in this pomt of dedicating

Places to Religion; as appeaVeth in Hinories both holy and prophanc;
andif for fome Villon, made vntothern in fome places, they did for a
time hallow the f'Jme with Altars, and Sacrifices : yet neither were they alway , or on-
ly thus efteemcd. 'B\itlie,rvhoJe tt the Earth, and all that ;/;fm««,didby hisLaw ap-
point, as it were, a place of his rcfidcnceamongftthefe, whom he hadchofen for his
owne people : and commanded them to creft a Tabernacle in the wilderneflc, fitting
that their peregrination. Afterward Salomon huilt him an houfe in Jernfalem: which
therefore is called the holy Citte, and the Citte of the great King.

The Tabernacle ( a moueablc Temple that might bee taken afnnder, and ioyncd
together againe) was, by Godscommandcment, erefted in the wilderncfie, ni the
fame manner, and of the fame matter, which God had both commanded and fhcvved
to LMefes in the Mount ; the matter and forme whereof, with ail that thereunto ap-
pertained; the Arkc, thcCandlcftick, the Altar, &:c. in the booke of Exodus are
1 ;<#.3.io.iy. liuely declared. Itwas after (aswcrcadeinthe bookeof ' lofhfta) with great folem-
nitie carried miraculoufly thorovv Jordan, by the Leuites deputed to that feniice:
m Mj.iS.i. and, after their conqueftof the Countrey, ™ placed in Shilo, aCitie of Ephraim.
There did Toflwa diuide the Land to her new Conqucrours : there were their fo-
lemne Aftemblies for State and Religion. In the time ofHeli they remoued the Arke
from the Tabernacle into the armie, which they had gathered againrt the Phiiiftims ;
of whom the Arkewas taken. The Tabernacle in thetime of S';?/^/, was carried to
Nob, and, m the time ofT)atiid,io Gibeon, where Salomon offered a thoiifand burnt
ofterings.ThePhiliRims forced by Diuinciudgemcnts, fentbackethe Arke,recciucd
by the Bcthfamites, curious to their coft; it was after placed in Kiriath larim, m the
houfe of Aminadah,nc-x.x. of Ohed. Edam ^znd then by Dauid in the placc.which he had
fitted for the fame in Icrufalem ; whence it was remoued into the Temnle,which Salo-
n J.i5*/«.i.J. wow had built: where i: was :ill the time of the deportation : in which time "itwas
(fnith the Author of the fccond booke of AfaccAbees) hidden by leremii the Prophet.
But that Author is beholden to the Councell of Trent for his credit : thclewcs them-
KSamuelh fclucs in that point, notbeleeuinghim; ° who affirme that the fecond Temple came
lib.Sanhcdam. {[m^^iofzhc formtt, hy thewant ofthe fire fror/i hciuen, , of the ty^rke, of the I'^rir,} and
T", ° .' ]jLai Thummim, ofthefticcefsion of 'Prophets, and theglorie of God hetvfeene the Chertihims.
Fe't.Galatm.lA. The Temple was built on Mount Moriah by 5^/»wo;/, according to the V parcrne,
Gcnebrard.in which he had rccciued of ^)auid : to which worke hehad gathered a greater inafle of
ckfon. wealth, then eafily we fliall reade of in the Perfian,Greeke,Roman ,or any other Chri-

p i.chron.i . flian^jurkin-i, or Heathen Empire ;q namely, looooo. talents of gold; loooooo.ta-



o



ii.ii.



) c'Vffii.T4 Icntsof hluer, and afterward 3000. talents of gold, and 7000. talenrs of fiiuer: to
wluchwas added,bythcoft"erings of the Princes, loooo.talentsot lilucr, and more

thca



foh.z.i



CriAP.i. ASI^.o Thefecorid Bookcc ? 1 5

then 5000. talents of gold, befides icvvels, and braJTe, and iron, Vvitbout vveiglit, witlj
Cedars and (loncs without number. The gold alone amountcth after the common
icomputationof the common talent, at 6000. crownes, to fixe hundred fortie eight
millions of crownes, and vp ward • tlie filucr to about the fame fumme.

This beautifull frame I fliould dcforme with my defcriptiea,if(after a double narra-
tion of all the parts ; forme, and contents thereof in the Hillorie of the Bible) I OiouM
recite the particulars. This Temple, fleeced by fome, repaired by others,continued iii
varietieofllate.till the Tacking and ruincof it, together with the Citie by Tslabttcho'
donofor. And after their returne, by the cdi£t of Cyrus, and other the Perfian Kings, it
was rcbui!ded('but farre inferiour in glorie^in the fpace,as the lewes fay. f vnto Chi if},
«f fix and fortie y*ares : after others it was longer in hand, by reafon of impediments
fromtheircauiliing.and malicious neighbours. But thjs error (if wcvnderftand thcni
of the building of Zorobabel) proceeded from the Icwifh ignorance of the Pcrfiari
f ChronologiCjwhich knew no other PerfianD^mw but onc.attributing to O^^^ one i yU.-Druf
and thirtie yeares. to (^afnhfis ninc,to the Ali^fi fcucn monthcs : and in the fixt ycarc Vr£t.i>ag.i 50.
of Prf?7/« which followed (as they accounted) was thcTemple fin;fhed ; all which z-^ ^f*'' <^''ifn-
mount to i;x and forti-c. They confound DarnuTs[othi{s, (to vvhofe times the mofl and ^"^^^'[^J'^r
beft of our moderne Chronogrnphcrs, Scaltger, hirAm, Calutfnts, Liuely and others, tl>crwill "^"kh
referrc this rebuilding of the Temple) with that former D<jr///nhe fonneoi^ Hijl.ijpes. a greater ab..
and from that fecond yeare of P^y/;« Nothns, wherein the Edi(?t was made for the luraitiealcd-
Temple, doth ^.Scahgcr bcginncthc rcckching of Danids fcuentie wcekes and a bingtofyiv^j
halfc(as he interpretcth) the accounting firom thence to the deftruflion of this Tern- ' '^^■^"'^^^'
pic fbuie hundred fourcfcoreand thirteene yeares and ahalfe.This fccond Temple ha- (vvbo they
iiingrcceiucd acccfle of magnificence in fuccelTion of timcs.was fpoiled and polluted tliinke.fuccee-
vnder^wf/tff/w/, who dedicated the fame to ////'/ffrO/;'»yj£);«^; but being freed and de- dcd_)foure-
dicatedancwby (JJf*?fr^/'<c/^j-, it rccouered great part of the former beautie 5 till, as tcene:and
^Joftfhus faith.and his abbreuiaror loffppis , it was pulled downe by Herod,VinA built ^^^" P'"'"",
anew. Herein both that allegation of the lewes of fixe and fortie yeares, is againft this t sulksm.
aflertionof/fl/fp^///.andtheHirtonealfoof i' Hegefppas, who reported that he only 'iemp.^'iid.vtti •
compafl'ed the circuit about the Temple with a wall,and beautified the iamc with colt- '" I'nlegm. &
]y buildings, crcifled from the foundation the porches about the Sanc^uarie. and forti- ^'^^',
fied it with the Cnfllc Antonia : but fome account this Flegefjppas a counterfeit. "^ /fT^'//

Chryfcftomey morcprobablyviiderftandsthofc words of the lewes, Fortie andjix bd.iu/ ^^' ^
yearevcas thi-sTeKple a building, cftheHerodianTemple: and herein ^ Scnligir,Ho. x EgefipM-i.
fpinian, and the great Cardinall BaroniMs follow him : accounting cxclufiuelj from the y cbryjlit, in
eightcenchycare of /-/f>-(7isf/raigne, which Fw«fc/«Jreckoneth v^.i/.C^f. :;P47. to the ^"-'''•■Hw^.ii.
ycare 299 1. in which lohn Baptifed, and Chrift vttcrcd thcfc words : in all which they .^ ^W'"'^"- ac
conicifturcihat loinewhat was ftilla doing about the new building theieof, alhough c.fjarBmmit
theprinti, all part thereof wasperformed and finillied by //d'rod'in eight yeares. Thi.T rum.i.Ar,va!. .
rhey gather by {oj;p!nu\\\< ownc Teftirrioiiie, that the building continued till the time ^"alSuLE,
of Nero,3ndm another place, where he affirmeth that the Eall porch,which Lnkf cais ^- '''^■^•
a 5<»/ow7«»;p(7rf/), was ftill remaining of the ancient building, in thedayes of lS[ero. ^ ^^ ,
For thus hee faith in the laRbookcof his Antiquities, fpcaking ofthetimes of ^Z-
^/«w,fourcfcore and three yeares after Hcr^ began this vvorke.as Scaltgcr reckoneth.
Now the building oftheTemple was finifhed.The people therefore feeing cighteenc
hundred work-nicn,which had before been w'ont to Hue by that building, idle and vn~
willing that the money fliould belaid vp,lcft it might become a prey to the Romans ;
carcfullalfj to prouidc for the work-men .'perfwadcd the ^ King toreedifie the Eaft b ^g'l^^a,
porch.whichclofcd vpthe outfidc of the Temple, hanging oueradcepear.dnarrow
valleV:bornc vp by a w ail of fourc hundred cubits hcight,and the length ofeuery ftone
was twc nty cubits,the thicknes f xe; the wotkeof King Salo;non which firli builtthc
Temple Rut theKing.to whom C/.iW/wC^/jr hadcomittcd the buildingof the Tem-
ple, frcint, that iticqusredmuch time, great cxpcnccj £cc. refiifed. Thus itisapparanc
that all the Tcnipic was r.nt demolifhed till the final! dcflrii£lion thereofvndcD Titus.
Neither doc the lewcs in the Talmud fpcakc of any third Temple : nortcan the Pro-,
phecieof « i7tr^_^u:aj be fulfilled, That the glorie of the [ecor.d Temple foottld exceed e Hiir.i.iQ^

the



11 6 Of the ^tf^ious places of the JJraelites, C h a p . j .



the glorie of tht former; ifChrift ( of whofc comming it is interpreted) had not by
his prefcnce, preaching, and miracles, not onely fuppUed the defeats (before rncniio-
ned) butmade itfurmounttheotherineffcftsofMaicIheandglorie. And the zcalc
a M»rn. eic vc- vnto this teftimonie, not the meaneft which the Chriftian Veritic > vrgcth againft the
rii^ch.in.R.clig. levviih Incrcdulitic and Apoftafie, ( which is neccflarily demonlhatcd and eiiinced,
whiles yet they continue their vaine hopes of a Mcflias, fo many Ages after the dc-
folation of that Temple whereof e^^?^« prophccied) hathcaufedmeeto vfc fo ma-
ny words in this matter. But to fatisfie the fancies of great men , their great workcs
are commonly made greater: For howfoeuer it was verie great initielfc, that Haod
fliould hauc, eight ycares together, many worke-men at workc (which lofepims
numbercch for fomc part ofthetime ten thoufandandathoufand Pricfis) yet fuftai-
ning, no doubt, fomcintcrmiflion after his time, eitherwholly , or in part, it could
not bee fo great as to haue accompliflied it wholly from the foundation, wherein
Salomon fpent feucn ycares : andbefides, whatany of the natural) Ifraelites perfor-
med in this workc, heeimployed an hundred three and fiftiethoufand and fixe hun-
dred worke-men of the Strangers or ForrainctsfoundintheCountrey, And where-
as the fecond Temple was but halfc the height of the former, perhaps it is true, that
( according to /o/^p/.'«^) hee perfcdl:cd it to that height of an hundred and twcntic
cubites, whereof twentiecubitcsfankedovvneia the fctlingof the founHatious. If
any yet will rather thinke this Temple the worke of Herod, then Zorobabelzs a thing
which /o/fp^«/ by his ovvnecyes might oblcrue. Sc^liger doth neuerthckfle faluc
^ h}i\i-)4<riJ.l( that prophecic oi ay^ggee, by diftind^ion of the Building and of the ^ Conti}iuallSti~
crijice: faying, that if it had beenc ten times reedified, yet the continuall Sacrifice
continuing caufcth that there is no interruption, and that it fliould fiill bee called
but one Temple. It was buildedby //«rej of white ftonesfiuc and twentic cubites
long, eight thickc, and tweluc broad. Hcc thst would further reade the particu-
lars, let him hauc recourfcto /ofephus in his fifteenth booke of Antiquities, This
Temple was burned by Tit»s , inthefackeof the Citie, the fame day that before
T,.. >tv«„, it had beene fired bv the Chaldeans . e^dnan the Emperour « did after dcftroy
\nAdrknt. the Reliques thereof, that a ftonc was not lett vpon a lione ; and there, m the
fame place, dedicated another Tcmplcto lufitcr ^ that former being ouer-w helmed
with earth, Ittlian gauc leauc to the Icwes to recdific the Temple, in defpight of
Chriftian Religion, and contributed franckely thereto : but tAmmtantis Clfar-
i Amm.mr. csllinus ^l, a Heathen Writer, witnefleth. That fire tjftted out ef the Earth, « tind
cellmu'Ji'j.zi. hmnedhothvoorke and worke-men: when as an Earth-quake (which had before, faith
c Metucndi i Zoz^omen, killed agreat many, in the very attempting of this Worke) could not de-
firmaarumjle- jc^jg thej^ from proceeding in their purpofc : and Crcffes, miraculoufly fallen onthc
mmucrlrti garments of many, did both teach them to forfakc their ludaifme , and to become
aJJ'uhibus ei-um- Chrifiians.

fentesyfccere lo- (^hryfo^ome 5 mcntioneth this, and faith, That vnder ^^r/,f» the lewcs foUghtto
dim cxiijUs ali- jgcouer their Hbertic, and loft their Countrey . Vnder fonft^^tntine they attempted the
l-blTinaccer ^^^^' ^^''^° therefore cut off their eares, and branded their bodies for Rebels, as the cl-
fum' dcrof you (faith hee to his Auditors) doe know. And in our dayes, about twcntic

{ So'^menMb.^. ycares fincc, /«/«« the Emperour was at great expenccs, appointed Officers, fentfor
g chiyf.Hoin.%. worke-men from all places, thinking to frullrate Chrifts Prophecic concerning the
coairAludees. Temple, and to bring thclewcsto Idolatrie. But fofoonc as they had attempted this
bufinefTc, and bared the foundation, had drawne forth the earth, and were now ready
to beginne their building; afire burll forth from the foundations, and burned many,
which caufcd them to ceafe. And if you now goe to lerufalcm you may fee the foun-
dations naked : hereofwcallare witnefles. Neither did this happen vnder Chriftian
Empcrours, left any fliould impute ittotheChriftian$,butvnderanEthnicke, when
Chrillianitiewas perfecutcd. Thus much in effciR:, Chryfnftome. (jregorieNc.z.uirz.en
\\Gni.^a%. li alfotcftifieth the fame, affirming that the Earth (as it were taking a Vomitfromthe
e)at,i.mlitluH. Diuine hand) fpued out the ftcnes, which yet till this day had continued therein, and
dii'perfcd them to tli^e great damage of the neighbour-buildings.

Ochcr holy places they had, which the Scripture mentioneth as high places, which
,..» were



Chap.j. ASIA* ThefecondBooke» uy

were highhilIs,or other open and loftiepIaccs,(liaded for the tnofl part with Tree?:
the Prophetsinueyagainrtthem,and' they were commanded to be dcftroyed, toge- ] d«Mi.?.
ther with the Groucs : fome yet were permitted , eyther by extraordinarie command
for a time,as to Geieon "> and to Manoab " ; or becauie of the Tabernacle at Gibeon m litd.6.i^
oroftheArkcatlcrufalcm. The not reforming this toleration of high places isrec- •» ■'«'^->J.ii?.
\iontdzsAX\cc\i^(zoi leholhA^hamn^Afas gloric ; whirh £*f;^w6 and lopahamiQ
rcmoued and polluted. Thcfe high and open places it fcemeth were confecrated, as
fitting to the celeftiall bodies; to which,andto Baal(yiho is interpreted theSunne)
they vfcd for the moft part on them to facrificc. They had alfo their Houfes and Tem-
ples for B^^/,in Ifrael and luda ,• and Dan & Bethel were by lerobdam dedicatcd'to his
Egyptian Idolatrie : and Gilgal was aplaccofrequeft in this kind. Salomon alfo built
temples or houfes for his Idolatrous wiues. And to reckon euery particular inthis kind
were a work endlesjn the i.^g.'i7.& 2^& other places enough is of them recorded.
Two other Temples were crcded of fome reputation :one by SanbalUt at Sama-
ria,on Mount Garizin,by licence obtained oi Alexander the Great, whofcpart he fol-
lowed,rcbellingagainft Dor;«i his true Lord. The occafion was , becauie Oi'iitn^ffes
brother oOaddi the High Prieft had married,contrary to Gods h^NjVjcafo » daughter ° J of. Ant. Ui,
, of 9«»^<3/A2/, and was forced eyther to leaue his PricftlyFunttion or HcatheniHi bed.
Whereupon Sankillat bauing obtained licence to build that Temple aforefaid confti-
tuted him the High Priefl therof^many other Priefts for the like fault, reforting thither
to him. But of thefe Samaritans we fhallhauc fitter occafion to fay more when we
come to handle their Se&.s,

/V<?/fw<!«jTWo»»<rfer i'abouefaid,granted licence to Ow/Af (the (bnncof the High o ior.Ant I -
Prieft 0«/.«, whom y/«??Wj«.fhadflaine(whofor thefame caufe had heereflirow- «. ' *^

dcdhinfcifc)tobuiIda Temple, induced hereunto by a falfe interpretation of the
prophccie oiEfay at Leontopolif, in the fhire, as I may terme it, or Momm of Heliot)o~ ^r. ..
//i .-hauingPriefts and Leuitcs miniftring therein and other things anfwering in fom
forttothatofFcrufalem. When the Temple of lerufalem was burnt by Titw, this
Temple was fhutvp alfo ofLap/ the Deputie, three hundred and thirtie yeares after
it had beene builded : and after by his fucceflbr PaalinHs vtterly defpoyled both of
the wealth and the Religion. The Citty was called ofO«/W,0»/o», s It had a Tower
andan AltarlikethatofIcrufalem,butinfteadeofa Candlefticke, a Lampe ofgolde leEet iJid'^"'
hanging on a chaineofgolde,enriched by the King with large reuenues.

Synagogues^theTewes had many.both in lerufalem where ate faid to hauc beene r CalJedairw
fourc hundred and fourcfcore, and in all Citties of ludea, and among the Gentiles Prnfci{ch£:io
where the lewes were difpcrfcd. When they firft began to be builded, is vncertaine. ^'""^^"'l^inq^'t
Cornelius 'Betramus hh'mketh,T\\it. the eightand fortie Cities ofthe Leuites,had their 't 'i''^*''''^'''''"-
fit places for Aficmblies.vvhence Synagogues had beginning. In thelc Synagogues the [ode, " "'
Archilynagogi were in place of Leuites and Prophets, fometimes diners in the fame f CorlEet.de
Synagogue,as5«/?^f«irj & Crijpus in that of Corinth, which on feftiuall dayes did per- i-'ol.ind.c.je.
forme the publiqueprayers,and read the Law and the Prophets, expounding the fame %'^'
ihemfclueSjOrauthorifingothershcreuntojfo that they which firft were called Pro- g •''♦'^•<^ ■
phets.were afterward Scribes and Lawyers , and in the Synagogues Archifymnrog^i, ' ' ' *
They had authority alfo,as it feemcth,ofIurifdi(Sionin punifhing offenders. The Cit-
ties ofthe Leuites were asNurferies of lcarning,and Vniuerfities for the ftudies ofDi-
uinitic. And in the reformation of Religion by £//^ and Eliftxi; the Schoolcs ofthe
Prophets were as Colledges,and the fons ofthe Prophets ftudcnts of Diuinity, which
hadaRcftoroucrthem.asmayfeemby 2.A'/»^.().3ndothcr plares; where alio their iRc.g.i,
gcfture in hearing their Lefturcs appcareth to be fitting j and therefore their Schooles
or Academies were called Scfiions. In their Synagogues alfo they kept both their Ci-
uill and EcclcfiafticallCourts.Thc Synagogues of Forrciners* at lerufalem wcrealfo * ^-^^a
Colledges ofStudents. t 5i^o«/«j-coniedureth,That their Babylonian exile minifticd
occafion to them to heipe thcmfclucs with thefe Houfes of Prayer and Inftrufti- ' '"'S''-%' ».f.S
on. The worde Synagogue "is taken both for the AiTemblies, whether inthisplace, a Eriijlus dc
or out of it, and for the Place it felfe ; hauing a Ciuill as well as a Religious vfe. cxcomhtlin:lai^
And thefe Synagogues they haue in the places of their difperfion vnto this day. '■''"■/*.

The



ii8



Of the Uw'i[h Computatim of times y<i<rc. C h a p. 4.^



* AmbrofM

I.C«/'.I4.






The order they obfcrued in their Synagogues was this; They difputcd and preached
fitting ; the * Elders fate in Chaircs which were fet in order,of which Chrill h\th,The^
lout the chiffe feats inSwagogtteS; thofcoimcinci foTt {item fcztes, and the meaneft
of all on the floore vpon Mats : and not onely one did difpute or interprete , byt others
in order,notofthe Elders alonc,but of the infcriourrankesalfo, if any thing vvcrerc-
uealed to them : which Tradition of theirs Saint Paul {oi'ith he applied to the Chriftian
Aflembliesofthofe times. They vfed to pray in their Synagogues ftanding>,a$ did
alfo the PrimitiueChriftians.

Befides thefe Temples and Houfes confecrated to God, Ambition, the Ape of De-
uotion founded fome of other nature. Heredthe Great, crcded a fumptuous Tcm-
J)le and Cittic in the honour oiCafur, which fometime had becne called Stratonii tnr-
rfcf,and after Caefarea. The Temple of ^tf/<jr was confpicuous to them which fayled
farrc off in theiSea,and therein were two Statuc$,one ofRome^the other of C'^fir. The
fumptuoufneffc of //>r«<// ambition in this Cittie,Temple,Theatcr,and Amphitheater,
h Antlts.ti, g^c. /o/f;>^«/ amply dcfcribeth. '' He built another Temple at Panium, the fountaine
of Jordan, in honour of Cdfar; and leaft this fliould ftirre vp the peoples hearts againft
him to fee him thus deuoutly prophane and prophancly deuoute, he remitted to them
the third part of the tributes. He confecrated Games, afterthe hke Heathenifli folcm-
nitie, in honour ofCafar, to be celebrated euery fife yearc at Cifarca. He built alfo
the Pythian Temple at Rhodes of his ownccoft. Hegaue ycarely rcuenue to the O-
lympian Games, for maintenance of the Sacrifices and fclcmnitie thereof : ^nts in ra~
facitate itmtior }^isinUr^itio*ieejfHfier> Hce robbed his owne to enrich^or rather
vainely to lauifli out on) others. He fparcd not the Sepulchres of the dead. For the
Sepulchre of 'Z)^«/^ had lent before to HjrcauMs three thoufand talents of filucr*
which filled him with hope of the like fpoyle ; and entring it with his choyfe friends , he
found no money but precious clothes ; and whiles he in a couctous curiofity fearched
further,he loft two of his companie,by flame fas fame went) breaking out vpon them.
Hereupon he left the place,and,inrccompence,in the entrie of the Sepulchre, built a
monument of white Marble,

He built alfo « Sebafte in the Region of Samaria.wherein hee erefted a Temple, and
dedicated a Court ofthree furlongs and a halfe of ground before it, to C^far. Thus
C/pr was made a God by him, who would not allow Chrift a place amon^ men
but,that he might kill him, fpared not the infants of Bethleem , no not his owne fonne
amongftthereft,as this his Godieftedofhim,<i faying, That hee had rather be He-
reds Swine then hi* Sonne. For his lewifh deuotion prohibited him to dcale with
Swine,butnotReligion,notReafon,not Nature could protc<5l thofe innocents from
{laughter.



c lofJeEeU,



A Macrth.Si-
turn J, I,



e T?llHJ.i.e-77
Fttbrit, Paduani
Catena temp.

Scal.de Emend.
Temy l.i.
icJj.Cm.U6.

g Ged'i,^.



Chap. nil.

of the lewift) comfuUtion ofT'tme^ani of their fefiiuall dajes.

■• He day amongft the lewes was (as amongft v$) Natural! and Arificiall t
^ this from Sunne-rifing to Sunne-fetting, to which is oppofed Nic'hc
thetimeoftheSunnes abfence from our Hemifpherc: that compre-
hended both thefe, called oftheGreckes Ni^x^iJ^jp,,, contaynin"onc
whole reuolution of the Sunnes motion to the fame point of thc^Ho-
rizon or Mcridian,in 24.houre$.This Naturall e day the Babylonians
began at the rifing of the Sunnc.the Athenians at the fctting,the Vmbriansfas the A-
ftrologians) at Noone,the Egyptians and Romanc Priefts at Midnight. The Icwes a'

greed in their reckoning with the Athenians,as did the Gain in fC«:/^r/ time report-



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 25 of 181)