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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 26 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 26 of 181)
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ing Vliito to be the author of their Nation : & fome relickes hereof is in our naming of
time by ay^«f«.«,^6r,and ^f»rt.mght^,^\t\^ou^ otherwifc we reckon the day between
two midnights.The moft natural copulation ofthis natural day,is,to follow that order
of uaturc,wherin darknes had the priority of time,? ar.dthc eHenwg n^the mmntng were

madt




C H A p . 4-. ASIA* Thefecond Booke, / jp



made one daj, or the firft day : which (faith ^Hoftmun) the Italian and Bohemian , „ r- • r
Clockcsdoeyetobicrue. The day vvasnotdiuidedottne nilt Hcbrewes ( before the fe(lEihnk\-i t.
Babylonian captiuity) into hourcs ,but was diflinguifhcd by Vigilia^ or * Wat hcs, of " imiMinS^e.
which they had foure ; the firft began at euening, the fecond at midnii^ht , the third in i i.^lam h^c (p
the morniiig.the fourth at noon.Neitheris there any hcbrew word fignity ing an hoiire, /"'''"*•
although fomc interpret the degrees o(the Dyalof^baz.^ tobc hourcsjfomcfas 7'/'u°-
w•/e//.)ha!fchou^es. Afterwards it wasdiuided intohourcs I 2.inthenighr, andasina- ^ ^fi-^S-S.
ny in the day; not equall as ours, but longer or fliorter,according tofomany equall
portions ofthe day or night : fo that with them the 1,2,3,4, y, 6, 7,8,9, 10,' 11^12.
hourcwas anfWerable with our houres of 7,8,9,10,11,12. 1,2,:? ,4, 5, 6. ifwe confi-
der them in the Equino(ftiall,otherwife they differed from our equall hourts more or
Icffe,accordingtothevncqualllengthiiingorfhortningofthe dayes, but fo, that art
cafiecapacitymay conceiuethc proportion, Thcfe houres fometimes they reduced
into foure.thcfivftcontayning the i,2,3.orwithvs the 7,8,9. houres 1 the fecond the
4 <-6.or after our reckoning 10,11,1 2.ofthcclock,andfo forwards. This wastheEc-
clcliafticall Computation, according to the times of Prayers and Sacrifices, imitated
flill in the Church ofRome in their Canonicall houres. Thus is A-f.irks reconciled to f Mare.i^.i^^
theotherEuangelifts,finrcIatingthctiriic of Chrifts PaOion , the firft calling it the «^i}-
thirdhourewhentheycrucifiedhim, or ledhim to be crucified, \%hcreas lobn faith.
That it was s about the fxthburc when P<AtfedeIiuercd him. Thus may the parable g leh.jn
of the Labourers in the Vineyard be vndcrftood, Mattb.z o.and other places of Scrip-
ture. The night alfo was diuidcd into foure Watches, each concayning three houres,
accordingly. They had three houres of Prayer,the third,thc fixt.thc ninth, as both the
Jewifliand''Euangelicall Writers mention :thefirfl of which they fay Abraham in- h ^<f7 » jj^i
ftiruted, the fecond lfi-ic (it began when it was halfe an hourepaft the fixt houre, and cj- ^-vid pruf'
continued tillhalfe an houre after the ninth : at this houre the Difciples of che iVifemen p-£t.m aH^. \,
tooketheirnieat, which before this prayer tartcd nothing) thethird began when the ^ '°-?-
former left,and continued till the euening. And this was obferued both for their pub- ^ •^^'A ''""««''»,»•«
Iique and priuate prayers .although it be not likely that the whole time was that way ^'Ltifmlus
fpent,efpeciaIlyinpriuatedcuotions;forthcntheirparticular callings had beenefru- ab vhimazfiue
ftratc'and cancelled by this excrcife ofthe generall. AntiqmLite vji.

Seuen dayes were a ' wecke , whereof the feuenth was called the Sabbath ; others '''''' -""^'^ ""'e
had no pa: ticular namebut were called the firft day ofthe wceke.or the firft day of(or f^*]^'^"^"'', ,-
aficr) the Sabbath and fo ofthe reft. The Chriftians called them ^ Ferta^zs the firft, le- maiu/^t^^J,''
cond or third Ffr/.t.for Sunday,Munday,Tuefday : the reafon-whereof was, the keep- cepu. Scal.de
inf ofEafterwcek' holy. For that beingmadcintheirCalendarthcfirft weekeofthc ^"nnd.i.l.i.
yeare,and bylaw being wholly f<'r/i«''7,frced frornworking,and fanftified to holy vfes; ^"''^'''or eft
therefore the dayes alfo of other weekes receiued that name from this firft wceke.Tou- 'J^'J/^.':!"" ff'*
ching which there is a law oiConHantine the great, to kcepe both it and the wcckc bf- ,:„„nnikjph.
fore it alfo tt«pctKT«,withoiitworking,which forthe later was by cuftome obtained, murHmquAm
and by a Canon 'enioy ed,to fpend it wholly in the Church with Pialrnes and Hymmcs ^i>''ari,m.Hiir.



and fpirituall Songs. r,m^'>lf:llauo,

Thcirmoncths.as with vs and the Grecians, tookc their name ofthe Moon,and with "^^^ .'X'^ "r" -
them alfo their meafure,reckoning the order of their dayes according to the age ofthe ad'^'hui \ '][



Their moncths.as with vs and the Grecians, tookc their name of the Moon,and with "^^^ 'J
em alfo their meafure,reckoning the order of their dayes according to the age ofthe ad A'
Moone,and by courfesthcy contained, onethirty dayes, the next twenty mac, and iieiu^nto p«ji a-
iherfore were conftrained euery te^ ond or third y ere to tnterc/iUfixzAAc, as in a Leap - '''istet.tcmp,.y.i,
yearconcmonethoftwoand twenty dayes, and in euery fourth yeare of three and ^c.d.E.r 1.7.



p.W.7\Q.



fi6.7n



yea

twenty dayes.This they called '"'L'fiJ^^ir.becaufc it followed the twelfth tuoneth ^•i?- [''^'J'
</«r,forthefupply often dayes one and twcntie houres , and tv\o hundred and foure rrjiu.
fcruples which the twcluemoneths of the Moone came ft-iort ottheyeare of rheSun. mKtjJjrthaa
And this they were forced to doe for the obfcruation ofthe Palleoutr nnd their other is,.-;f.W .-.",r-,Qr
Feafts. " Before their Babylonian thr3ldom,foure only ofthefe moneths were knov. n '^'^"'' doubled,
by proper names ; the firft called Eth^.Kim the fecond 5«/,the feuenth, which after was scalEm r li'
made the firft.y^^;/'; the eight Z;f: but afterwards th«rcfl receiued names, which had
bcenebcforediftinguilhedonelyby order, and the former names alfo were altered;
that being reckoned the firftmoncth cf the yeare,in which befell the fifteenth day of

the



i2o Of the Ic"^i[J> Computation ofT'tmes,zsrc. Chap ,4



tlic Moonc after the EquinodliallVcrnall, and their names foliovv, "^jfan, lar^Siuatj,

1 hdmuz.,Ab JLlnlJ htfchri ^Miirchefchuan , Cijlew^TehetU^Sch<hnth,Adar, Thus Ho-

"^iniM ; but Scnliger and Ar.Montanus in his "Danid^ox. ninth bocke of levvirti Anti-

qiiities,fay,That the ancient ycare had twcluemoncths, as appeareth by the hiftory

oiNoah : but thofe moncths had no proper names,biit of their order, the firrt, fccond,

third moneth,&c. Thole names, which after they were knowne by, were Chaldean;

and fo Sltoi in TdeJhi.Thcy were allChaldean orPcrfian names, not mentioned in any

ofthe Prophets before the C3ptiuitic,and they alfo name but feaucn. But in Thargitm

Hifrofo/.they are all cxprefl'ed in their order. The Iaponites,Chinois,and Indians,hauc

k Hofptniiir^, j^Q names yet for their moncths, but name them by their order and number.Th.e Ro-

^/-.A entM m j^jjj,^j alfo named fome of their moneths bytheir order; others after their Emperors,

his D.J'2.'c(, and , _ iit-> jji^ r ^ i i-

others beciR ^^ IiHtus and Attg«<,tus,to which Dcmitian zaoca,UermAnicHs tor Scptcmber,his own

dieworlam name for OCiober, Cow,'»o<i».rmade anEdi6t,for the naming of Auguft Commodus^
Aauuiinc-, but September //tfrc«/r»/,Ocl:ober Inut^us, Nouembcr Exu^emtorhts , December A'

^^^o\-di"lr^ The Hebrew ycarcbcforc /1/o/fJ bcganJ* at the new Moone next before the Autum-
•l3d,whotn the nail Equinoiftialljthat being fuppofed by fome to be the time wherein the World was
lad Edition of firft created euery Plant and Tree hauing the fruit and feed ripe : and this reckoning of
lus Ew.T.he the yearc in ciuiil affaireSjis obferued ofthe lewes vnto this day : and from hence tliey
^^ J h-*^ n began their Jubilee and fcuenth Sabbaticall yearc jlefl otherwifc they fhould haue lolt
nion and a- ^'•'''° y^'^^-^^ profics,not reaping the fruit ofthe olde yeare,nor fowing in the next.Their
grceth with Ecclefiafticall or feftiuall ycare began at the Spring, as we haue faid afore, by the com-
the former; mandement of God,at and in remembrance oftheir departure out ofEgypt at the fame
luppofe the time,£.v<?^.i a.as with vs wchaue an Ecclefiafiicallyeare moueable , according tothc
world was crc- ^^jj ^f Eaftcr.difFering from the Ciuiil beginning at our Lady, as with others at Chrift-
atcd in the t - r».T i o s jy

qumoaial vcr- i^^"" o"" New-vearcsday.

nall.Andof ' ScT/z^rrthusobfcructh conccrningthe Tewifh yearc. The Icwcs (faith he) vfe a

this opinion is double reckoning oftheir veare; one after the courfe ofthe Moonc,thc other after the
K.lchofiu,iaiil, fel^tpljas or courfe ofthe Sunne. Tekjipha " anciently was that moment in which the
tome -lit" tdinc P^^''^'^ Y^^i' ended,and the following bcgan.Btit the later lewes diuidcd the year of the
ecda,JjidoM, ' Sun into foure equalparts, each whereof conlirtcd of <;i.daycs,7.hcurcs and a halfc.
DiJOTj/fM^and And they diuide the faidycare into i?. equal parts, each contayningdayes,30.hourcs,
other later Vi- j o.;o.Thev begin at the fifteenth of Aprill, moued by the authority of R, Samuel, an
uincs & Aftro- a,icient Criticke,\vho afcribed the firft Tekj^pha to that moneth which before they be-
reaions H«A- S^'^ '" Autumne : the reafon was,becaufe at that time A-fofes led the 1 fraelitcs out of E-
»/ij« labotircth pvpt. The moderriclcwcsarc fofuperftitious in the obferuation of their Tf^/rp/^-aV ,
to confute, ly- that thcv cftccme it danger of life to alter their reckoning of them. They alfo attribute
adUuc ft(b iiidi- to each ofthem his proper clement,as to the Tehnpha" amusi. (the Summer Solftice)
rf''^? , , the Fire; and he which fliould drink create in the moment oftliatT?^^''/>/^i», they think
EmLd'i'em ^"'^u^*^' ^^ taken with a burning feauer. Tek',<ph.t Niftn is on the fifteenth of Aprill,
/„j. ' ' 7V'(;;'^/'^.i T/rw«5. on the fifteenth of luly,Tir/y^/^<!«T"//r» on the fourteenth of Oftober,
" Tcl(:iphnK Tf^f'p^.z TV^f/^/j on the fouretcenthof lanuarie, Intimcspafl they obferued ftiperfti-
the fourth tioufly the beginnings of euery monethjChinking, that then the Simncentred in- o that
fi.irt Ota year, sjcne vvliich was attributed to that moneth.Now they onelyoblcrue the foureTropi-
'r^pl) clul zen S callSigncs. Si'ch is their folly, 2s though now the entrance or Ane.iv.crc not more
vlt. Semaitn'm then fine and thirtic daics bctore the Tch^ifha of Mofes. But their leaden braines
Teliuphit f'f-i, know not what Tf/;"p'^<Jis,nor why, nor when it was inftitutcd. So much Scaltger.
mcluiin'j.'ci^. Ifthc new Moone happened after noone, then the moneth and their Ncw-Moonc-

^'r''i.'r7 I ' Feaft began the next day, and the yearelikcwifc , which began at the New-Moone.
t{liismTt'\[a- They were fo fcrupulous concerning thcMoonc,that Clemens yi!e;:a»d. out of another
^ns. Author obic6ts the wordiiptherof vnto rhem : they thinkc (faith *he}tbatthey alone

"^ Strem.l 6 ex know God,not knowing that they worlliip Angels Sc Archangejs.and the moneth and
Vctn Vricdicati- jhc Mnor.e ; and ifthc Moone appearc not,they keep not that Sabbath, which they call
""''■' ?■ . Tke(irjl^\^ox^zl<^w-rndone ^\ox\\\CV*ileauene!i,\-\Qx\!ncfcaU^\-\ox\S^c grext d.%y . This
fn-mi'tEm. fabulous '" author cited by Clemens vnderftood nothimi'elte, frjth .Sr^//^fr; tor they
TcMp.Edii.'jl:. ftillobferue the appearance or firlt fight ofthe Moone, not to ordainc liie folcmnitic

thereby



Chap. 5' ASIA. ThfecondBooke. 12/

tllcrebv (which vk'asdoncby a ccrtninerulc) buttofanftificit: and thtrcforeasfoonc j c,. j ,o
as^hfy'fawtheNew-inoor.c.thcy iay, fjcc^Z/jt-Z^f .oragoodfigne, i'cit tovsnudtonll j^r,j„,.^^ '^ '
Ifiitft. Tlie fame alio doc the Muhninmcdansobfcriie. By the /;>/? Sahhaih hcmea- ixuit.i^,
iicih tlie New-yearcs day, called a Snbbath bccaufc it was holy- day : by the feaft^ Pen- ' The O-
tecods ; by the^rf.-:f - ^.-7 that ofTabcmacIeS. AIthoiigh,in regard oi'vfe, fomc daies <^3u" atthe
were more holy then other, yet had euery day appointed ' facrificcs morning and cue- p"^j^ 'i?^

"ing* bcrnacles.

Their Fcafs v^ ere eythclwcckcly.orwhirh was the Scihbcith^ox moncthly , cilery which was,

New Ainone ; or yearcly, of which were the Ei~Jler or Pajfeouer^ PcutecoS} or fFhiifo>7- f-'ith Ramb^m ,

ti(ie,i\\t¥zvi^oi Tabernacles, Thcfc werechicfe , to which were added the Fcaftof " accomplilh

Trttntftts oiE^J>!i1tiol7,'^{^ioh\\cGreat* fongregfition. To thcfc we may reckon the ^'p^*^'" r-

icucnth yearcs Sabbnth^and rhcycare oifnbilee. Thcfc Feafts God had prcfcribcd to whichrcqui-

them. commanding, tliat in thofc three principall Feafts cuery m3le(as the Icucs inter- led houles,

nretedit.thnt were clcane and foiindj aiidlrom twentie yrares of their age to fiftie) and couldnot



fhoiild appeare there where the Tabernacle or Temple vvas,with their offerings, as one ^^ d one in
great Parilli, Dent, i (j .hereby to rctaine an vnitie in diuine worfhip ; and a greater/o- ^,^^°' l^f'"'
lcm>:H!e;\\\\\\ cncrcafe oiioy and chdr:tie • being better confirmed in that Trf/,'»,which ^^.On c'h'e '^*



they here faw to be the fame which at home rhey had ]earned,and alfo better ftrength- nex day was

red aqainll the erroiirs of the Heathen, and idolatrous fealh ofDitiels. To thcfc were tlie Fcaft of

afteraddcd vponoccafionsjby the Church ofthelewcs, their fourcFafts, in memorie jnjiawjcal-

of their calamities receiued from the Chaldeans,theirFeart oiLots^ oiDedication^ and n^^ ^ ° J'

others.as'fliall follow in their order, they read then

They began to celebrate their Feafts at Eucn: fo cJI'/'cyfJ is commanded,'" Fro»? E- thelaft Chap.

jic» to Ella: Ihallje cehbratc yarn- S abbath i imitated in theChrirtian Eucnfongs on ho- but one of

]y Euens , vet the Chrirtian Sabbath is by fome fuppofcd to begin in the morning, be- |-''"t.See 'Ne-

caufeChrili did rife at that time, m Le'u.i? "z



n See/.i.fX



Chat. V.
of the FeftiuAlldayesinJiitiitedby Godinthe Law.

"^«j>jOAe^^ S t*>(iy-^^rerecnTOynedtooffera Lanibe in the morning, and another iii
^•^-'W"^^ thceucning cuery day, with other Prayers, Prayies, and Rites : fo had
J^/^^^^^s che Sabbath a double honour in thatkitide, and was wholly fequefired
1^^^^^ and fanOiliticd to religious dueties. Which howfoeuer it was ceremo-
C^^^<:«Si^**, ,^J3]j^ ill regard of that icucnth day defigned , of the Rites therein pre- ■
fcribed.ofthat rigid and fttait obferuation exa^ied, of the particular workes prohi-
bited: and ofthe deadly pcnaltie annexed, vet are we to thinke, that the etcrnall Lord,
vvhcrha^h all times in his hand,had.bcfore this, feleilcd fomc Time proper to his Scr-
liiccjwhichin theabrogacion of ceremonies " LegaU,\s in (Jlforall and (^hriUian dur-
tic tpbc obferued tothcend of the World : eucn as from the beginning ofthe World
he had fan^i:ifiedthe feuenthday tohimfelfe, and in theMorall Law(giucn not by
C^/o/fx tothclewes.butby Godhimfelfe, as to all creatures) is the reincmbrance
ofthac fancnficationvrgcd. Friuolous arc their rcafons who would renew the Icwifh
Sabbath amongflChrili ans, tying and tyring vs in a more then Icwifli feruitudc,to
obkrucboththelaflandfirft dayes ofthe wecke, as fome hauc preached, and ofthe
e^ihiopian Churches is praftilcd, Neythercanlfubfcribeto thofc, who are fo farte
from paying two, that they acknov\Iedge not the debt of one vpon diuine right, but
onclyiii. Ecclcfialiicall couitefie , and in regard of the Churches' mcere conflituti-
enjaud iiauc thereupon obtruded on many other dayes as religious refpe<5ts or
more , then on this (which yet the Apoftles entitled in name and praftife. The
Lords 'Day) with the fame fpirit whereby they hauc equalled traditions to the holy
Scriptwres.

ThusCardinalloT^/iT allowes on the Lords day louniying, Hunting, Wor- o Tolct.in.
kingjBuying,SelUng,Fayres,Fcncing,and other priuate and publiqyc w'orkcs by him /^''«^.'.4' c. j.*]

M mentioned; ^^'



12% Of the Fefiiualldajes inflitued hy God,(isrc. C H A v^f.



mentioned : and faith.a man is tyed lo fanliifie the Sabbath, but not tofatiHifie it veil;

(a new kind of diftiDition) the one is in heatingMafle.and ceafing from feruile works;

b Bcliarm-de the well-doing it,in ipirituaii contemplations,&c. Another '' Cardinall is as faft as hec

tu^tufaHll,l,i, jj ioofe,aftirmtng,Thac other holy-daycs alfo bindc the confcience, cuen in cafes voyd

'• '°' of contempt and fcandale,as being trucly more holy then other dayes,and a part of di-

uine worfliip,and not oncly in refpeft of order and politic.

But to returnc to our lewifti Sabbath. Plutarch thought.that the Sabbath was dc-
riuedof2«ti2a'^«c,whichfignificth,tokeepeReucll-rout,aswas vfed in their Baccha-
nals of 2rf/3<«»^/®-, which is interpreted "Bacchiu^ox the fonne ofBacchus,3s feelitts %ho^
\ eaAnti f . ^'i'"'*^ ' fheweth out ody^mphttheut and MmfeM ; who is therfore of opinion. That
cli^, ^ ^' P/»f'«»'c^ thought the lewcs on their Sabbaths worfliippcd'S«Jfc-A«/,becaufc they did
\fc on that day to drink fomwhat more largely (a Sabbatifing too niuch,by too many
Chriftians imitated,which celebrate the fame rather as a day of 5^c£-^»/,then the Lerdt
d Apnci.io, ^^^d)'B<jff^^/ his Priefts were called Sabbi,^ of this their reuelling and miflerulc.
^vvlporub I. Such wide conieitures we finde in othcrs.whcras the Hcbrewes call it Saibath^oiniv^
ad&S>s(ya'f iC, which fignificth 7'o>'<'f?,becaufeofiheir vacation to diuine Offices, and not for idle-
iwiroli^l 7i( neffcorworfcimploymenrs. And for this caufe ?11 the fefliuall Solemnities in the
&' ttfM(xi Scripturefarertylcd with this gcnerall title and appellation, as times ofreft from their
fii^.io.ii, wonted bodily feruices. Likcwifc their feuenthycare was Sabbathicalls, bccaufe of
g Leuit.^^.^. the reft from the labours ofTyllage. In iholefeafts alfo,which confifted of many daies
b Uuit,%i. lolcmnitic, the firtt and laft were Sabbaths'', in regard of the ftridneflc of thofe

dayes relt.
i iw.tf.i. i^^j^ i j^mh an obfcure place, which hath much troubled Interpreters with the

difficultie thereof, E*y 2<t/3/:*Ti5j/ewTepi)'!»pwTw,our Englifli reades it, 7'/»tf/<'C«»(i 5<j^^rfti^
* ifidM Thorn, ^yj,^^ thefirfl. * Iftaore iaith it was fo called of the Pafchtt and Azjma comming toge-
vTmSmn.di ^^"- ^ ^''>'/^^i"»<f thinkes (as 5/^<5»/«/ cy tes him) it was when the ''New-Moonefell
nef.HeljJ.i. on the Sabbath.and made a double Feftiuall. Sigonius, when they kept their Pafleoucr
e.13. inthefecondmoncth. 'Stella takes it for OHamfulus FrugHnty alledging lofefhus

" Stella in Luc, Yt\^ Authour. ' Ambrofe, for the Sabbath nex t after the firft day of the Eafter Sclem-
\^A b ' L nitie. ■" //oj/iw/^«,fortheOftauesorla(tday ofthefame: *yl/<i/(;/<?«<»f/</,fortheFerift
m Hofmn.de ' '^^X of I'enticoftjWhich was the fecond of the chiefe Feafts : But lofefh Scaliger " faith,
fcft.iuaaor.c.i, Thatthe fecondday ofthe Feaftwas called A E TTE P A TOT n A2XA,(bemgthe
' M-'idMii.m f xteentb day of the moneth,calIed MaKipuLus Frugum) and the Sabbaths which fell
iiMh.M. betwixtthatandPcntecoftrccciued their denomination in order from thefame;^<f-
ir 's'^"" "'* '^'**^^^-?'^'^^^f^(^'''^^0'f''^f^"d^'^,&'^» And hence doth L/r^f call that firft Sabbath
o 'inir'ti.caf9, which fell after that /6i/T4f«,or fecond day of the FeaftcTei/TjpWfaiTop. Of this wefliall
p LYc.ii.ii. haueoccafiontofaymorewhenwe cometotheSamaritans. <* The name Sabbath is
buinsMit. alfo taken for the P whole wecke. Butlliftnottoftandonihe diucrsfgnifi(.ationso£
qlfdeEeU. the word.

^i' ttr'!ircas& '^ iofephu: and P//»/f tell ofaRiucr in Syria,in the Kingdome ofj^rippa, called Sab.

j(jpbarr<e.rs. baticus,\^hkh on other dayesran full and fwift.on the Sabbath reftcd from h'scourfe.

Fti.ilr^i.c.i.itt Pirfr«/G'i^/^</»«/''3i|cdgeth the ceafing ofthis Sabbatical! ftreamefor an argument of

lud^-. the abrogation of the lewifli Sabbath.

r P.tiallat.de The lewes were fuperftitiouflyftrift in the obferuation of their Sabbatb : Ptoh'
tan.. 11x9. ^^^ without refiltance captinating their Cittie and themfclucs by this aduantage,
as did i''o»;pej'aftc. wards. And in the dayes of tJTfrff^r^;*^, father of ludat .^acca~
/"fW, a thoufand were murthered without refiflancc, till that by him they were bet-
ter aduiled : which appeared by the Pharifeej.that cauillcd at the plucking and r ubbing
ot a few earesofCorne,by the hungry Difciples, and at their Mafter for healing oa
that day, though by his word: which their fuperftition, the lew that fell into jiPriuie
at MaidenburgjOne thoufand two hundred and feuentic on his Sabbath , and 3 nother
at Tewskburie,one thoufand two hundred and twentie ( and 'vere, the one by the Bi-
fiwp of the PlacCjthe otherby the Earle ot jGloccfter conftrzined t o abide the (^hrifti-
an Sabbath.whente on their owne they would not be freed) teftificd to the v orl'd by a
ftinkingpenance.andthelaterleauing alfo his ftinking fuperflitious fou!e bchir idc to
fcale his deuotion. They added of their owne/afting that day till nconCj their Sa bbath

dayes



Chap.S. ASIA. Thefecond Booke, 1 2 5

d3Vcsiourncy,which\vas(faith 5,/er«»?e)' by theinflitution of ■^^r^f/j/zJiif , ^/w^-ow
and HelUs,{'K^b'^:»e') not aboue 2000 paces ' or two miles. Thus did this holy ordi- .,,,■ ^'' " "'''
nance which God had inftitutcd for the lef refiling of their bodies, the inflrudien of ' onfr^^-ii^
their fouks and as a type of sternal happineSjVanilli into a I'moky liiperftin; n amongfl ■coo ci^biteg,
thcm.The facrifices and accuftomcd rites of the Sabbath are mentioned.Ty^j/w;^. 2 S.cr '"=" ^"'iiors are
Z-e«.2\er24Wherewemayreade,thatthc daily burnt-offering, and meat-offering, ','^'^'",h^''Jf^
and d'rinke-offering,were doubled on the Sabbath, and the llievv bread renewed, &c. rl^'.mop.h'it'
The fand^ification of dayes and times being a >: token of that thankfulnes, and a part Occummtu gi-
ofthatpubliquehonour which vveowevntoGod^hediduot oncly cnioyne, by way ucth thcrca-
ofperpetuall homage the fanitification of one day in fcucn , which Gods imniiitable 'f'n,becaure
Lavve doth exa(5tfo^cucr,but did require alio ferae other part of time with a, (hiit jj|,';^^* ^,"'^
cxaftion>utforluTe continuance ;berides, accepting that whichbeing left aibiira- ^^alTllnl
rietotheChurch .wasbyitconiccrated voluntarily vnto like rchgious vfes. Ofihe goc before the
firftoi thefefthcSabbath weehaiicfpoken ; ofthcMcfrticallfcaiies theNew-nioons people.
arc next ro be confidered.The inffitutionhercofwereadc, 'V«»?^. 28. and the folemnc ' HH'r.'-5- ,
facrifice therein appointed -.fo to glorilie God,the authoroftime and light, which the ^"''/'■'('- ^'»'''-
darkened conceits of the Heathens afcribed to the Planets and bodies ccelcfliall, cal-
ling the mon':^ths by their names. Behdes their facrifices, they banqueted on this day,
asappearcthbv "'Z)<««'^'?«i^5<;»/,Whcrejhcday after was feftiuall alfo , eytherfoto u i.5.;;,7.ii.j.
fpend the furpl'ufage of the former dayes fumptuous facrifice,or for a farther pretext of
jelif'ionandzcale.as A/<?>-fj)'r'' hachiioted. i'/^swwymaketh thtfe New-moone dales x P.Mart.m
tob^/>'^of?/?<7;,thatis,fuchwherein.they might labour,thefacrificing times excepted: ^■^'"»-
butthofe couetous penny-fathers fecme ofanothcrminde. -^H'hen (lay they) vmll the l^^^f' '^^'
Uew-mognebe gowfthatwemay fcllcerne^a7idthe Sabbath that we may fill vpbentefzad j. ^^iJi's"^"^
£/ I. the SabbathsandNew-mooncsare reckoned together.

Their Paffeouer, called of them Pafach, fo called of the Angels pafling oiier the If-
raelitcs in the common de(ku(5lion of the Egyptian firlt-borne For F/Jpc/.), theCreci-
ans(as fomc note)vfe Pafchttfii'WMy^a) to fuffer.titly in regard of the body of that fha-
dow Chrift himfelfc who » was our Pafchall Lanib,in hisfuffering facrihccd for vs. a i,Cflr 5.7.

The inftitutionotthisfeafl:isfetdown,£Ao.i 2.as//eyp/»M/? hath noted in thcyeare
afterthe creationofthe world 2<^47.''afterthcflQud'79i, after the promife madeto b Scn!iger&
Abram A^^o.itwas celebrated from the fifteenth to th6 one and twcntie day of the mo- cdhtfninc.
ncth Abiboi'H_tfor!y thofe two dayes being morefpccially fanilified with a holy Con- ^"^"^ '''^>
uocation and ablHncnce from worke,exccpt the dreflTing of their meate : the other be- odVen o!i!eL
jngoblerucdwithvnleauencdbread: and the fourteenth day being the Parafcue, or wiic.
preparation : in the euening of which fourteenth day,as fome men hold opinion, after
Sun-fet in the twi -light ; others in the fourth houre , or fourth part of the day, a;s con-
tayning three hourcs fpace,before the going down ofthe <^ Sun, the.Pafcha! Lrimbwas ^ j.fjcBcll
flainc : about which timc(the ninth 'homt)ChriJf the true Pafcha yeelded. vp the ghoB, 7,7 j.^jth



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 26 of 181)