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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 29 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 29 of 181)
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their Hounds, their ! But whether hath this palTion or zeale (Truth I am fure) tranfpor- nl)i<-u$,(on(i:e.
ted me ? True]y,the fixed ftarres in our \Veftminfter firmament (and may not I fo call tucitna^lwctfl,
it,where is fuch a 5r^yre.C^;iw^fr,fhining with the bright beames of luftice?) I ad- fpJ^'if/oVly 3-.,
mirc,and almoft adore in filence; only thofe vvandering planets which felfe-guiltincfle ^^^^(i abu;er§[
accufcihjdoe I here accafe, ollawSirighr,

N And




154 ^^^ Oblati&NSjGifis, Sacrifices and Tithes of the Itwts. Chap./.



Andforthefcjanda!! the Churches enemies, Let (jeA arife,and his ercK-.es (^ov

h l.K;»5.»i, th&'w enxmue.) be fcjittered , that there be no more fuch ^ ty^habs ,2.s I rr.cntioiied,

whichhauing more then enough, fecmcto haue nothing, as long as lijtboth hath

fomething which they tan long for : and that there be no ' Elupjibs^ which (}:<iUfroHide

iNebem.i^. ^g[;iaf the (^mmeyjite a (Chamber in the houfe of the Lord ■.t\\d,t neyther any abulethc

profeffion of Law,dire6lly; northe pofleflion of Patronage, indircilly; ('for abufes

onely Itaxe) fo to difcouerour Churches nakedncfie, that cucry Cham (the pro-

phane Atheift, and fupcrflitioiis Papirt) may efpic and deride the fame, wherein them-

felues arethemoftguilticamongli vs; although none are more ready to ^ tell it in

k z.S<tw,i.io. (j,j,^^ gy publi/hit in the Jireets of Afhkehrt^ that the datightirs of Enb^lon may tri-

Vh}ph.

After thit we haue Tpoken of the Times, Placcs-ond Rites facred to God , order re-

itjifircth ncxtto fpe^ke ofthofeperfonSjWhofe office and function it was to procure

and manage thofe Diiiine and Religious affaires. And firfl, amongft the nrft Hc-

brewes, we finde no Prielt named before yibrahams time , in which (JMelchiz.edech

wasintcrpretcdby themofr, tobe5/iifwthefonneof A?«-'««, Father both of this and

other Nations : and Maffer Brotighton hath written a whole booke in confirmation

hereof. The heads ot Families then excrcifed the Priertly office of teaching, praying,

1 Gf.'^.iS Tf. andfacrificingintheirownehoulliolds.as wereade c{^ AbraharK,^ Ifaac , and" hi.

xnGcn.iT. cob: At'cer that,thefirft borne ofall the Tribes of Ifraell were confccratedtothisbu-

n Gc'».49.e&-f. finefrc,when as God had deftroycd the firft-bornc ofEgypt, ° and thefe offered facri-

Exod.\i,i. f^cc-;,pvntill that the Leuitcs were chofen in their roome ; q God turning the Pro-
V eIcocI 14 T ph^^^^sil cm(coi f'^icob,o'i^ fcatterivgthimin Ifraelimioz\i\^ff\Tig, for theinflruAing
q }iim.i./^i', '^tthelfraelites. Thecaufcofthisthcir eonlecrationwas^becaufe they , <" in axcalcof
r GM49.7, Godsgloric hzAfa»Bifedtheir i.-w«/<rj to thisminiflerie in the blond of the ncereft of

1 ixoU.juz), iheiridolatrous kindred, that hid finned in adoring the golden ^alfe.

Nowinthe third ofA^»>wifr/, where the firfl-bornc of the Ifraelites , and the Le-
uites arc numbred, appeareth a diffictiltie, which moft of the Interpreters which 1 haue
read ot"that place, haue neglected : namely, that of the Ifraelitifh firfl-borne there
■were found, from a moneth-oldevpward, two and twentie ihoufand, two hundred
feuentieandthree,andof thcLeuites,buc two and twentie thoufand; fo that there-
fore there muH bee fiue fheckks a peece payed fcrthe redemption of eucryof thole
two hundred feuentie and three in furplufage more then the Lcuites ; whereas yet in
the parcells of the Lcuiticall account, are found more of the Leuitcs then of the Ifrae-
lites, as appeareth ; the family ofthc Gcrfhonitc, contayning fcuen thoufand and fius
hundred, the Kohathitcs,eight thoufand fixe hundred, and the family of Merari , fixe
thoufand and two hundred, which bceiiig added together, amount to two and twen-
tie thoufand and three hundye^ and therefore are feuen and twentie more then the
t lyramT^itm. ]fraelite«. To th'is'^ Lyr.-i,'DioKyfiMs,Carthnfiams,iin<i Ikkipis (fox the moft arc wholly
T fd'h"^\ '''^"03"^^'^'C'^^>'li3t thofe three hundred ouer and aboue the two and twentie thou-
fointhenum- fand were fiiii borne thcmfe!ues,and therefore in right ofthe former challenge ofthc
ber of Priefts. firft-borne,werc the Lords already. And if it fecmc a j much wonder, (which Authors
obferuenotjihacoftwoand twentie thoufand were but three hundred firff-borne;
II BiitoHeof "That their exploit of executing their kindred for Idohtrie (before mentioned) in
7^- whichfinne,thefirtt-bGrne,asPriells,werelikehefl:tohauefollowedv^4jr<?«, achicfc

% Exod.g. ,jj^3j^ of their Tribe,might anl'were for me. And that cruell EdiiS " o(Pharao,-3nA their
miraculous fruitfulncfle, may makeitlcfle flrange, that both in thefe Leuites there
were fo few firft-borneand in the other Ifraelites alio, with whom amongft 6ogyeo.
men from twenty yeares olde vpwards, there were (though reckoning but from 3 mo-
ncth Glde,as is laid) but two and twentie thoufand two hundred feuentie three, which
is little more then one of fcuen and twcnty,befides that inequality of the perions num-
bred. Likewifc as Phil.Ferdin.tfid hath obferued out oi' Abraham ben 'Dduid, ifa wo-
man firft brought forth a femalc.ncythcr that nor the fonne, if fhe had any after , were
of thefe fan.iliHed firfl-borne. This excurfion vpon this occafion,whcrein I haue found
diuers Interpreters mute,will (I hope) find pardon with the Reader, who happily him-
felfc may finds feme better refolution.

• To



Chap. 7- ASIA. The fecund Sooke. J^j



ToicturnctooinHiftoric; God had before appointed n^aren to bee high Pricfi:,
andhisSonncsgcobcePriens,to whom the Leuites were afligncd after (as wcchaue g Exod.ii.
faid) as afiTiftants in iiircriour offices of the Tabernacle, i>AAron , from whom is rec-
koned the I'ucccffion of the high Pricfts, in the fame office, had appointed to him eight
holv garments,a Brcaft-platc,an Ephod,a Robe,a broidercd coatc,.a Miter, a Girdle, a
plate of goldc.and linnen breeches. Alfohisfonncs had appointed to them coates,
and Bonets and Girdles,and Breeches : which their attire is defcribcd at lart',e , Exod.
2^Jofephu ! writeth ofthc Hones there iiicntioned,That that on the Priefls right fhoul-
dcrfhined forth very bright, whcnGod was pleafed with their Sacrifices, as didalfo
thoi'etvvelueinthebreafl-plate, when in the time of warre God would aflift ihem,
which ceafedmiraculoully to fliine two hundred yearcs before his timcj or as the
Talmudirts fay, from the building o/the fecondTempIe. '

TheconfccrationofthePricfts , and rites thereof are mentioned, Exod. 7^. The
conditions required in the high Prieft, as that he fliould not haue the bcdily defers of
blindne(l"e,lamcne(re,maymednefle,&c. nor fliould vncoucr his head, and many other
fuch like, arc expre{red,L<'«//-.ai. Hisofficcwasdaily to light the Lights at the cue- l.{nu.■l.l^.,^.
ning, and to burne inccnfe at morning and cuening,and once eucry Sabbath to fct the
Shew-breadbeforetheLord to facrifice, and once a yeare to make reconciliation in
the holy place, &Lc. This office they executed till the captiuitic, after which they ruled
alfo in ihe Common-wealth , and the familic of the Maccahes obtayned tcmporall
and fpiritualliurildiiffion, being both Pricfts and Kings. But the ftate being vfurpcd
by others, they alfo appointed high Pricfts at theirplealures : and thus v.exciy4nKas
and Catphas high Priefis , although (^aiphas ilone adminiftred the office , which was
abrogated to /(»«.« , the name only remayning : and thus loftphits faith , that ^nna
was moft happy, who had himfclfe bcene high Priefl , and fcene all his fcnncs in thac
office, whereas in the inltitution, and before the Captiuitie, this office continued ordi-
narily wiihthcir lines: whichafccrthey enioyedlongcr or fLorter, at pleafure of the
Conqucrour. "^

Next vnto the high Prieft . were the Priefts lineally defccnded from Ehax^nr and
/;/!?.^w»tr the fonnesofy^i^row, as in number many, fo in their Pricftjyrayments, con-
fccration, condition,and office,much differing from the former, as appearc th; for their
garments, Leitit. 28. their conj^cration 29. their conditions required in them , Leuit,
1 o. and 2 1 . and their office in feme things , as preaching , praying , facrificing , not
much vnlike to the former, but in degree,fbmctime affifting him in thefe things,fome-
time alone, and in fome things, nothing paiticipatingjas in Alofes ^h\nly may be fcen.
Thefe prieflly families, being of the houi'e oiEleaz-ar fixteene , and oihhamar eight, '^ ^^^ cpurfe
which 'Z)4«?W by lot diftHbuted into foure and twentie orders, according tothcnum- c uk'"^
bcrof the heads of famihesjthofefoure and twe;iticifien, chicfeof thofcordets, be- to die next
ing to the high Prieft, as y^^ro»^fonneswcre vnto him in their m.inifteric, \.C^ron.2/^. andfoinor-
andtooketurnesbycourfeh, in performing of the fame as Lft/^f Hieweth ' intliecx- der, bong re-
ample of Z^Jc/j/inV. /o/fp^/w'^tcftifieth the fame, and affirmeth. That in each of thefe ot^^edeuery
rankes were more then fiue thoufand men in his time : and in ihc hiflorie of his life, 1, , ' ',; .„
faith, that himfclfe was 01 the hrlt of thefe orders , betwixt which was no final! diffe- gathereth by
rence, and the heads of thefe were called alfo Chiefe Prufts ' in the old and new Tcfta- dcmonllration
jncnt. * It was by their law forbidden on painc of death to any Pricfi or Leuite, >" to 'hat ichnsapt.
intermeddle in anothers function. But at the three folemr.e fcaffs any of the "*>■ borne a-
Priefts which would were permitted to miniltcr , and to parciclpnte with thofe omninBof"
whcfecoutfeitthcnwas :onlytheymightnot offerthcvowes, orfrec-will, orordi- ^^>7/,
harie offerings. i Lu^e:.^.

The f cuites had the next place in the Legall miniflerie : all that defccnded oiLeui, ^ '»/''/''' '"^ff.
except the familic of ^.j''o», being thus called: and Ts[tim.-^, according to the defcent j '"^''f^
ofthethreefonncsof L^«« had their offices affigned them , which lb continued till the ^^i,^' ' *
dayes oi "Dasad. Heediftributed them according to their families vnto their leuerall » ridJchis
fun61:ions , twentie foure thoufand to the fcruiceofthe Temple: fixe thoufand to bee Scat.cait.Hag,
ludges and Rulers, foure thoufand Porters, and foure thoufand which praiied the '■3i'«^-'?*-

N a Lord



1^6



Of the diners Se^s, Op'miens^i^c,



Chap. 8.



Lord vpon inflrumcnts.Thcfe were diuided vnder their Heads or Principalh according
a i.Cbr, i3>4. to their » families. The LcuiticallMuficians, with their Offices and Orders are recko-
ned i.Chron. 25. and 2. Chron.'j. Thefcinfteadofthcfilkcnftolc, which they ware,
obtainedinthcdaicsof y4^r'/;i/>,<jto \vearcalinncnone,likcthcPricfts. The Porters
are in the ^6. of i. Chron. defcribcd according to their families, orders and offices.
They kept, in their courfes, the doores and treafures of the Temple : to kccpe the fame
deane, and to keepe that which was vncleanc,out of the fame: and thefe all are mufte-
redintheiroffices 2.C/:;rj», :?5.

The Gibeonites,cailf d after NcthanitnSj were at hand vnto the Leui:es in the mcaneft

offices about the Taberriacle and Temple, /0/.9. -".i. and I. C^?-o. 9. affignedhercvnto

firft by lofhHa, after by 'Dafttd and the Princes, forthc fcruiccof the Leuitestocut

wood, and drawc water, for the houfe of God, i:?.^-* 8. Befidcs thefe Ecclefiafticall

perfonsin tlie ordinary minifterieof the temple were other, which maynolcfle bee

h Sec the in- counted holie : cither in regard of Vow, as the ^ NatArites for a time : Sumffon is aa

ftitutionot cfpeciall example hereof, and lamesthc luft, brother of our Lord : orelfethey were

theni,IV««,^.» Prophets by extraordinarie calling, as Samncl, Eftj, leremte, and others : to whomc

God iTianifefted his will by drcames, vifions, and rcuelations ; whofe ordinaric habitc

r iRff 18 fecmcstobearuggedhairiegarment, by the example of <= EUfith, and the falfc «iPro-

ifii. io. i. phcts, and of ' Jehu "Saptiji afterward. And thus much of thofe perfonis, which accor-

d 2jc(),i3.4. dingtotheLaw wercfacredtoGod : it followeth that we fliouldobferuc their fupcr-

eMiit.},^. ft:tious dcuoting of themfclues, according to their own deuifes and traditions, vnto

a fuppofed feniice of God, In a more ftrift manner then ordinary, or fome-what in o-

pinion and praftife differing both from the law, and the reft of the lewilli people. Of

this kind were many Se(5ls, whereof \vc arc next to fpeakc.



Chap. VIII.

Ofthediuers Secls^ Opinions, and y^lteratmsof Religion^ a-
tHOKgB the Hebrexres.



iickoning
therein their
idolatries,
numhrethiS.
lewilh left*:
and as Scaligcr
obfcTueth,ind
the Sciipciire
will bearc it,
niiglit bythit
viilc hauc rec-
koned many
other,
b litd.i.ii I J.

d ;kJ.8 17.33.

c Iiid. 10.6.
iliid.n. &.\i.
g W. 19.
h Ljiiw. ii II.

i m Kid, The-
r,i£b:m.




N this matter of Alterations, and altercations amongft thetn about
_^f/?7o»x3nd pra6lifeof ./2^//f/oK,\vcearc in thefirftplace toobfcrue
their often Aportacics 'from the truth oftheLawe to the idolatrous
fuperftitions of the neighbouring Nations : as the Reliqucsof the
fc^gyptian idolatry in the golden Calfe, £.v<7</. -^z, their often mur-
nuirings iUjihe defart, the prefumptionot A^^i^.i^and y^i/^^^and
after of Aaromnd UMirum, the confpiracic o( Korah, T)ath(in, and Ahiram, HnU'
/Tw.f ftumblinc-blockc, to couple them in idolatrous feruice to i^i?a/-Pf«r, the idoll of
theMoabitcs : And after their poflelTion of the Land, when io/7;«,i and the Elders
weredead theyferued ^ theGods of ihe people th^twcrero'Mdabouttbern.ni Ba.1l and
Aflnarotl] ; of the idols and their rites is before fpoken. And although CJ/dron cue
downe the groue , and deflroycd the altar of Baai^ c yet he made an Ephedof the earc
rififrs of theprey.O'pMt it m Ophrah his Citie, andalllfraRr»ent * whoring there after /r^:
and after his death, made EaaZ-henth their God. They lerucd alio the Gods of Aram,
Zidon,Moab, Ammon, candthePhiliftims: Micbah fan Ephramitemadean houlc
of gods, an Ephod , and Teraphim, and confecrated one of his fonnes to be his Pricfi;
and after fct a Leuite, lonathan, in his roome, the occadon of apoftacic to a great part
oftheTnbeof 'D.j'?, allthewiiilethchoufe of God wasinShiloh : befides the cor-
ruption of ftate and religion by the S 'Semamttes and by ^ Hophni and Phtnehoi the
fonnes of Eli.

' Elias Leiiita defcribeth the forme of facring or hallowing their Teraphim jin
this fort . They killed a man which was a fitft-borne, vvicaching his headfrom his

body



-C H A p . 8 . ASIA* Thefecond "Booke, - 1 3 y

b«ciic,nt\d embalming the fame with Talt and rpiccs:& then wrote vpon a plate of gold

the name of an vncleane fpirit.and putting the fame vnder the head.fct it vpon a wall,&

bnir.ed Candles before it and worlTiipped the fame./?. Ahraham » faith,they were Inia. a ^p.Pagm.

PCS of nicn made to receiuc power from abouc, as the idolaters coneeiued of them,

I'urafter the reformation of Religion by Samnel^DaHid^'undSalomon, (who yet be-
ca.re after an idolatoiir) befell their greatett Apofiafie, to wit, of the ten Tribes ; from
Go(), their Kino, and Religion, by the ouer-wife policie of Jeroboam, which corrupted ~
snd fubiierced bcth it and himfelfe, Hce (lead thofereuolted Ifraelites (lioiild, by fre-
C'.icmingGodsaopoiiued worfliip at lerufalem, re-atknowledge their former nnd
truer Lord) confecrated two Aegyptian Calues at Bethel and ^Dan, and made an b i.K's^ it.
Hoiife of High Places, and Priefts ofthe loweft ofthe people.

ludahallo'mae them, in the fame times, High Places, Images, and Groues, on c-
uory high Hill, and vnder euerygrcene Tree. Yet hid the Kingdomc'of ludnh their
entercourfes of corruption and reformation, according as they had good or bad kings;
but in Ifrael, the Common wealth and Church recciued,by that finne of Jerehoam, an
vncinable wound and irrecouerablclofle, vntillthat, tnGodsiuft punifhment, they
\verc carried awayby the Aflyrian Kmgs into Aflyria, and into Hala, Habcr, and the ji^£jj.^jj
■Citticsof thcMedes,ai z.Kin.i-j. appeareth, where is recorded a fummarie collcdi- haue a tale of
on ofthcfe and other their idolatries. Of thefe exiled Ifraelites (if wee bcleiuethere- Alexander o^e-
porcs and coniectures of duiers Authors) are defcended thofeTartarians, which fince "'"S ccrtame
ouer-ran, with their Conqucfts, a greater part of Afia and Europe, then eucr any other """,""^"'^*]'y
Nation, before or fince : of which, their Original! and Exploits, we fhall in fitter place "hefein^nclo-
turther difcourfe. The other KingdomeoMudah,although it receauedfometimefome nngamuiti. '
breathing and refrefhing vnder her more vertuous and religious kings yet for the moft tude of Icwes
partjgroaningvnderTyranny andidolatry.wasatlaftaprey totheBabylonians:from bcjond Baby-
whichferuitiidcbemg freed by the Perfian Monarches, vndervarieticsofaduerfeand |^"'n the hi!I
profpcrous fortunes, it was afterwards rent and tome by the Macedonians,being made hal^Jl'^KTna o-
a common Stage for the Armcs and Armies of the fucccffors of P/o/ew?.;/ in Egypt, ucrthew, and'
and 5(f/tf«e«MnAfi3, remaining meedevnto the Conquerour, andrecciuing no fmall are cs'lcd led




iTemporall,
HTi people was in thofe times diuided in diuerfnieofSe6ts and Opinions, of which the
Eilangelicall and othcrHirtories make mention.

One diui'-on ^ was ofthe whole nation not fo much for opinion as for the differing ^^'f'^"''"'
habitation which brought alfofomeciicumrtances of other differences. The fttves ^c'u„!ifa!la'
therefore were generally thus dilfinguifl-.ed, the //c^r-fjvf/ which dwelt in Palefiina, 278. ' ' '''
wA\.\\cfcatt^red jJrarigtrs\ H as Pf/i;/- calls them ; to wit, the Grecians, ( thei'e two d ^lAtrnsz^i
fortsarementionedby £-ft/^?,e/!^ff.f6. i.)andthe//£fa-Topii Bct/SoMai©-, orthe remain- j.p«.i,i.
dersofthcdcportationonBabylon.themetropolis whereof was Babylon while it re- e ^pI'-T-^S.
mained, and after Bagded. The metropolis or head ofthe « cn/afl-Tof* tM-.iiiJai/ or
E?>.ii!';s-a/ was Alexandria, vvhcre alio in Bmm:iK TudcUnfts his time there was a fyna-
gogue ofthe Babylonian difperfion. The Afianlewes were moft of this Babylonian
fort ; tothefeSainc/'^fcr wrotcfrom Babylon, which therefore he nameth not m the
infcription.The Hellenifts were fo cailed of hellenizing or vfing the Grecke tongue in
their Synagogues (in which they had the fcriptures tranflatcd) m Egypt, Greece, and
Italic. Byreafonofihistranflation ' the Hebrewes and Hellenirts often difagreed (for f The Hebrews
the Hcbrewes called it a backeward rcadingbecaufc it is r ad from the left hand to the ordained a faft
right) which fometime brake forth into open violence. 7?.£/Mtfr Saffaulted the fy- "p'[';["^^^' ^^""
nagogue ofthe Alexandrians at lerufalem, and committed therein much outrage : and ^j^J,'^ 70 ""■^'^'
Chrilfiancharitie could fcarce combine themjasl-x^fmentioncth, ^Bs6. i. This ^inflnc'ca^. - *
Greekctranflationwasvfedby them throughout Europe : they had it in Hebrew let- :>ileghi!/ah,
tcrs , as TertHlltan tc(f ifieth in the Serapium at Alexandria . Thus Ph-lo and other of
thefe learned Hellenics, were ignorant ofthe Hebrew. Likewife of thofe Hcbrewes,
there v\ as f inall reckoning had ofthe Galila:ans by theiffupcrcilious and fuper(?itious
brethren of ludara.astheGofpeil hath taught vs.

N 3 The



1 J 8 ^fthe Wfid^i^ arc C h a p ,8.



The opinions of the lewcs may bee reduced * into thcfe two generall Heads : the
r Tmeani' °"* ^'^'^■'^ ^""^^ ** Contented themfelues with the Law of God, and were called Katra-
Chri'ftianity. "w, or A'or^/w, of which fort there are diuers at this day in ConHantinoplc, and other-
Stnagoga In- where : The other 7^^^<^«M//f/, Supcrcrogatorie (asMaftcr //-«//caiIjthem) and Po-
daic.cap.i. pifhicwes, called //*/»<i<»»,profcrting a more ftrKftHoiineflcthen the Lawrcquired.
b ^'f-^'"'- Yet ac firft thcfe both pleafed themfelues, and did not.^T oppojition ofScreuce, difpleafe
VkhSmtr^' each other, and difagreeing in opinion, they yet in affeftion agreed. But when thefe
(. zi He calls voluntarie Seruices bcgannc to bee drawen in Canons, and of arbifrarie became ne-
thcrc two fcct» ccflarie, they were rent into fundry Sefts. Of thefe and their originall let vs heare Sea-
cip.z.Ki'^rum //^frfpcake.

of }0"-<«, which ^j^ ^pj.^ t> (faith hee) before the times of Hafmondi. two kinds of Dogmatics.
Scripture: and men holding difteringopmions, among the lewes : the one onely accepting the writ-
Ktbbanm', ten Law ; the other Tradition, or the addition to the Law. Of the former kind arofc
which were the A'<«rr<»/w», of whome came the Sadduccesj of the latter, the Pharifces. Thefe Pha-
the mftmen, ^.j j-^^j ^^^^ jj^ j jjj-ye of jjie Hafidxes.

2o9o« after yj^^. Halidces were a Corporation,Guild,or Fraternitie,which voluntarily ad Jiftcd

called Phan- ji^g^^Ceiygj jq (Vie Offices of the Law, i . A^facchn^eet, fhap. z. verft <i 2. c Jlieir ori-
c imiu) tran- ginall was from the times of Ez.rah, or Sfdrof, f^-^gg^' and Zacharie. the Prophcts,be-
flatethit/*/cfc(- ing authors of this Order. Thefe, in regard of their inftitution, were called JJoly, Ha-
rf<i, and faith yjj,;^ . and in regard of their Combination, f/^/F^^e/. And beiides that which the Law
thcywcrcfuch cmoyncd (whichis iuftdebt) they lupercrogatcd, and oftheirowne free accord dif-
"^ rcVcmered Surfed vpon the Temple and Sacrifices. They profefled not onely to hue according to
and difptrfcd the Prefcript of the Law, but if any thing could by interpretations and confequenccs
about for feare bee drawnc thence, they held themfelues bounc^ to fatisfie it, and when they had done
oftlieKing. a]]^ jq fecme to haue done nothing, bn.: accounted themfelues vnfrofitahie feruanti
notwithftanding.

Euery one payd a tribute to the reparations ofthc Temple, from the times o^Efdras
and Nehemims. "^The Hafida^cns added further (oftheirowne free-will) to the Sanffu-
Aneh. io.;i. ary, Walks, and Porches, neuer(a!moft) goingfrom the Temple, whichtheyfccmed
to hold peculiar to themfelues, and by which they vfed to fweare, By this Habitacle,ot
Bythi6 Ilottfe : Which the Pharifees,their polkrity,alfo did « , as likewife they learned
c Matil.i . ^f^\^^^ jgiftiiiithe Sepulchres of the Prophets. They Were therefore called /7<«/<'<i//w,
either becaufe their Golledge was inflituted of the Prophets ; or of their holie and reli-
gious workes, and the facred buildings by them either repaired or reared from the
foundations. And therefore, when wicked tyilcimns had killed threcfcore men ofthis
i I' Can 9 I Corporation or Guild, the people thought their death was prophecied in the fPfalmc,
fuch reputation was there of their holineffe.

Thcfe Hafidxi were not in proper fenfe a Seift, buta Fraternitie, which euery day af-

fembled in the Temple, and offered in daily Sacrifice aLambe, which was called the

Sinne-offering of the Ha/idim. One day was excepted, the elcuenth of Ti/ri, w which

that Sacrifice was omitted. They offered not themfelues (for they were not Priefls)

e Abr. Z.icutb but the Priel^s in their name. Abraham Zacnth s faith, That S<j^4,the Ibnne of 'F/.v^,

hblohafm. daily ofhis owne accord offered a Ramme for a Sinne- offering, except one day, which

was the day after the £.vp/4i<'o» : And this was called the Saer}fice cf the Saints for

Stntie : hoAhcCwztc, By this Habitacle.ihat is, thcThermpk. Ofthis kind, or mijch

k Scd.ibid. like thereto, Scaliger h thinketh t\\t Rechahites were, \N\\\<:\\Ifrem!a 'mentionerh,

caf. »4. whofe immediate father he accounteth lonadab, (not him which'' lined in the dayes of

i ur. 5 Mj. J^jJ^^ jj^j another of that name) and that tiieir auftere order began but a little before it

^•'^^^■'°"^^' ended (namely, in the fame Prophets time) quickly ending, becaufe of the Captiuitie.

After the Captiuitic, thefe fonnes oi lonadab , renewing their former obferuations,

were called Hafidaei, which went not from the Temple, and obferued the orders a-

bouc-mcntioncd : fo5frfAf«r interpreted 7fr*w/f/Prophccie, that i«««i!^<«^/^«/^ not

rnwt one to ftand before the Lord , that is, to minifter and attend holy duties in the Tern-

1 lult.t.n, ple,likcto y4»«4theProphcteflel. This (faith he) is the true beginning of the Hafii-

ddi, which abftained from wine, as did alfo the Pricfts, as long as they miniftrcd in the

Temple. Thus much Scaliger.

Drn/iMs



Chap. 8. ASIA. Thefecond'Booke. I39



T)ritftni » proucch , That diners of the Pharifecs and Eflccs alfo wcreofthefe HaJ!~ a TDfuf.dej.fer,
dsi, whereby it appeareth, that it was rather a Brotherhood, as Scal:ger callcth it, then ''• i-f.i i •



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 29 of 181)