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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 30 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 30 of 181)
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a Secft. Hee flieweth their Rites and Difciplinc, out of /«c^.2/». bjhey fpentninc b or iihafm
houres of the day in prayer.Thev belieucd that a man might finne in thought, and ther- Ab. Ztc.
tore they had care thereof ; their will was not withoat the will of Hcauen, that is, of
God. Tenne things were peculiar to them : Not to lift vp their eyes aboucienne cu-
bits .-fecondly, Not to goc bareheaded: thirdly, To ftablifh three refedionsrfourthly.
To difpofe their hearts to prayer t fiftly. Not to looke on either fide : fixtly, To goc a-
bout, that they might not be troublcfortie to any companie: feucnthIy,Nottocateat
the Tables of great men : eightlyjf they had angrcd any man, quickly to appeafe him:
ninthly. To haueapleafantvoicc, andtodefccnd to the interpretation of the Lawe:
tenthly . To accultome thcmfelus to their Threads and Phylaf^eries.

R.ih (one of this Fraternitie) did not lift vp his eyes abouc foure cubits. Tenne or
twentie daics before their death they were difeafcd with the CoUicke, and fo all cleare
and cleanc tlicy departed into the other life.

To returne vnto5c<t//^?r touching the on'ginall of Seds, and to leauc thofeHafi-
d.Tan obferuants. As long (faith hee) as Supererogation onely wis vfed, there was no
Sc(5\ in the people of God : but when the Precepts thereof were brought into (^anons^
and committed to writing, then arofe many doubts, difputations, altercations, grow-
ing and fucceeding daily, from w hence fprang two Sedls, differing m opinion; the one
admitting only the Law , the other embracing the interpretations and cxpolltions of '
their Rabbines. The former, in proccfle of time, was diuided into two. For at firft the
KaYraim were only fuch as obfemcd the Law and the Prophets, till the times ofSadek^
indBoethioi'Ba:ti)t, vihoRTAdoiihted of thepunifhment of finnes, andrewardsof

food workcs, from whom fprangthe hereficofthc5<»^<^«r*«.The Karraim were nor,
efore thisj diuided in Se(5lfrom the W<«/(i^/»?, but only in thofc voluntarieFun>Sions
and Supererogations, wherein the Law, by Iniundbon, ruled theformer,and thefe,as
is faid, lupcrerogated. But when Canons and Iniundtions began to bee wriucn, then
of thefe Hafidim arofe Dogmatifts, which called themfclucs Ter>ifhtm, Holy, and Se-
faratedhoth from the other Hafidim, and from the Vulgar; making a neceflitie of that
obferuation , which before was voluntarie. This fort was againe diuided into thofe
which retayned the name Verujhim^ or Pharisees ; and the Sjfens ; both rcceiuing from
theirAuthors the Rules and Precepts oftheirSedt. After this, the Pharifees were di-
uided into many kindes: The I ewes reckon fcucn. The Effens alfo were diuidedfirll
into Clojfierers, or Collegians, which lined in a common Societie ; and Eremites , or
Solitarieperfons ; and thofc former into fuch as married; and others v. hich rcmayned
coKtwent,

Of Thh Phar-isees.

No vv let vs confider of thefe more particularly j and firft of the Pharifees. Bnifim
a deriiieth the namefiomtheSyrian,asmoftofthe names oftheNewTeftament a Vrufius ^e
are, ond not from the Hebrew; forthcn it fhould not be Pharifees, butPharufecs i as iSe£lis.l,.i.
after the Hebrew, it ftiould rather be tJiiafiM, then tJMefsiaf. The Etymologic fome
■fetch from 'PWf/.whichlignifiethDiuifion as £p^/p^<?«/»«,andOr^_fw, with others t; j, Amhnf.'m
againlt which Dr»/;»f except'. th, becaufeinP/j^j-f/ the la(l letter is Tftddi, here it is Luclt.-^.vamaf.
Schin. Others « deriue it itomParafh^ fignifying to explaine, becaufe they did all i-en.dehteref.
thingcs openly, to bee feene of men : it is not likelie : for Hypocrific loucs her ^''"^•"'
»ori£f/fhouldbecfeene, butnotheri!7««ri>»r (thenfhoulditnotbeehypocri/^ej)flie ff,' j^'^ r"*o
would not bee feene in her afteftion to be fcenc : and this nahie, in this fenfc.would rusie\ic "
hauc becne to their infamie, and not to their reputation, which they moft^aymed
St. A third deriuationofthis name is from another ilgnificationof the fame Verbe
^ to expound. But expound the Law", was more proper to ihz Scribes ; and fome
of the Pharifees were not Expofitors . Howbeit, the moft probable opinion is, ^^icloJ^fenln
that they werefo called oi Separation ; becaufe they were, or wouldftemetobee, ^""^'^"^t'-'i
fcparated from others; firft, in cleancncfTc of life ; fecondly, in dignitie; thirdly, in

regard



I40 Ofthtfhariftes. ' Chap, 8.



regard of the cxquifiteneffcofthoreObferuations,wherofthey were reparatedifourth-

\y,\n their habicc, wherein they were (as our Menkes) diftinguifhed from the people

yea, they did abhorrc the garments of the people.

a iofe\.b.de -at- Their opinions are gathered by » lofefhtu^ and others, out of whomc Drujtw. They

tiq.l.-'^-debtU. attributed (i!iith/'o/<pA»fef) all things to Fate. Abraham Zacsith interpreteth their opi-

lud.li.i. nionthus, They belecue that God kiioweth and difpofeth all things, and the Starres

helpe 5 yet fo, as free-will is left in the hand of man. And if a man by his free-will chu-

fet h the good, God will helpe him in his good way. They fay, That there is no Hearbc

in Earth which hath not his proper Planet in Heaiien.

They afcribcd immortalitie to the Soulejiolding that iudgemcnt paffed on it vnder

the Earth; and that if it had done euill, itwasadiudged to perpetual! prifons: if well

^ y.inij.-i'J-/et it had eafic returnc vntolifeby a '° tranfmigration, or going into another body.So Za-

iTK. c/ith : The good Soules take delight of their good workes ; the bad defccnd, and af-

1 hus Chnft j.g,^jj n„j_ They beleeucd that there were both Deuils and good Angels. They con-

was, atcM. ;5 ^gj^.^^j^ ^^^^ ^^ which kept the moft of the Commandements, altho'-gh hec tianlgrefle

£/;«r,or'oiieof miomc'x'i iuft before Go^x againft which opinion '^ BurgenJtsihmVeih, thac/^wc/al-

thc Prophets Icdged that faying in his Epiftle, He thatfaileth in »>te, is guilt ie of all. He citeth 'Fab,

c Unrgc,r(. Ai- Mofes for this Pharifaicall opinion , That God iudgeth according to thepluralitieor

d't.i.mepi). paucitie (to vfe his owne words) ofmeritsor demerits. Like lluffe haue I read in S.

■<■ 1- 10' Francis Legend, of the ballance wherein mens dcedcs are weighed , and the Deuill

lo(t his prey by the weight of a Chahco , which one had giucn tothe Saint ; which

heaiiicmettall caufed the Scale wherein his good deeds were put (before too light) 'to

^ weigh hcauiefl. They (the ancienterPharifees) confefTethe Reiurredionof theflcili.

AT)ruf.l.i.c.ia,. Hereof arc three opinions'* : one, That all, good and bad, fh all rife againe; another

That the iuft only fliall rife ; a third. That the iuft, and part of the wicked, fliall rife.

They call their Traditions the Law giuen by Word, and the vnwritten Law,which

they equall to the writren,deriuing both from CMofes^zi more fully elfew here fliall be

faid.ThcfcTraditionsthey called A«u7t{B(j-«f,as both Eprpharims & HieronimyuWKnei:

the Teachers thereof So^oi, or Wife-men ; and when they Lc(f^ured, they.wcre woont

to fay, o'/ 2o?»i A? urtps'tr/, i. The l^ife-men Peach Traditions. Of thefe Traditions were,

concerning the Sabbath, That they might iourney from their place two thoufand cu-

e Hlnom, ep. bites ; (Hierame <= accoimteth feet, Or/g-f» f Eines) That none might catrie anybur-

a:< ^'g. then that day ; but they interpreted, if one carried on one fhoukler, it was a burthen ; if

f Ong. t^\ on both, it was none ; if his fhooes had naile, they were aburthen,othcrwife not.Co n-

e^f-sfoivl ^.c-''-. cerningFafting thcPharifeeboaftcth, Lk^^j^tS, ii. If.ijltwife inthewec'ne : which

g Thtofh. w j), jy obl'crued Cfaith TheofhilaB g ) on the fecond and fifth day, Mundaies and Thurf-

"'• * ■ dayes. Happily our Wednefdaics and Fridaies fuccceded in this Penance ch3fv\ee

might not feeme to be behind them in dutie, howfoeuer we difagrcc with them in their

time. And yet Mercerm faith, The lewcs fafted the fourth day, VVedncfday, bccaufe

they held tliat vnluckie, in which children arc raken with the Squinancie. Further,the

. Pharifeeseatnotvnwafhed,5aya«-Vt/5,,aS^j4'f'?*''^'<''^^7-;?.^-V(:f/>z^f/jfri3'<i'/i(r/VA//&ff

\\UdiiX m . ^^ ^^ i?ftrt tranflateth. Scaltger h expoundeth it, not by wafliing one fid in tlic other

but compofing the fingers into fuch a frame, that all their ends meet on the top of the

thumbe , which for want of another name is called >wjyui, a Fift, although it bee not

properly fo. 1b this forme they hold vp their handes in walTiing, that the water may

flidedowne to the elbow, and thence fall to the ground, asthelewes vie to this day.

i hUr. 7. 4. They vfujljed ' when thej came from ^-larket^ bccaufe Jinners and vncieane pcifons

were there, whofe touch might pollute them They waflied alfo Ctfps, andBr;ijcK Vff-

k nriif.hh.i. y>/j-^WSfij, not chamber-beds to lye on (Drufw '^expoundeth) butdininr.bcds

vbifupr^. which they vfed in ftead of Tables. *

1 r.ic. 7. 39. They would not ' eate with Publicans or Sinners , yea they accounted thcmfelucs

e/a. 'e/. J. ' polluted with their touch.

Their Hypocrifie in prayer Chrift mentioneth, that it was loKg, and open in theflreets
&c.\x. was thricein the day,at the third.fixt.and ninth houre:Tlicir words fubmilTe and
foh!y,as of Hannah, i. Sam. i .and toward the Temple.

Thcytythedall,Z.«^ei8.yi/<i«6.a3, eucn the fmallcft matters. ForTythes (fayth

uiijtiiba')



Chap.S. ASIA- ThefecofWBooke, j^.



yJqt4ik'J)ixt^tHc<IgeofthyRicl)et.hnAznoihcxVxo\iC\h(^{\c2mz\t)Tythe,thattbcu

tnayeCc be rich. EpiphaniHS '" added), they payed fiiR fruit3,thircietbs, and fiftieths, Sa- m Rfih.hai-.iS,

cnficcs.andVowcs. n Ofrhcfc

ThcirPhylaftcricsorSeruatorics, Dcfcnfiues (fochc word fignifieth) in Hebrew '■"'i='h<^^^
= Touphotb, they vied as Prefcruatincs, orRemembranccrsofthe Law.and ware rhcm iVi^ln^
ihcni larger then other men. Htcrome calls them Pittaciofa, rcfcmbling to them here- p Stahskr.cb.
infomcfimplc fuperftuious women, wearing little Gofpels , and the wood of the '•'*■
Croffe,3nd fuch Iike,or7.ea!c not according to knowledgcftrayning a Gnat,and fwai- ^ ^''g-MnoT.
lowing a Cammell. This fuperftition ,thcn complayned otby Hieromc, yci remayncth "^ ^"k-"?-''^^'-
(iaith p 5c.t//|<'r) imong Chriiiians and Mahumctans , which weare about them the* f Tky o'llfcf-
GofpellofS. lohn, Chriilcondemncth not the Rite but their ambitiun, for dilatm", wifcacknow.
no: for wearing them,to which all the lewes were bound, and all the IcwcsandSa- li-Jgem'Kh
maritansobfcrucd. Thcvfedthc like ambition in their Fringes or twiHcd Taflcls, P"^'"^ '° '^-''^
which the lewes call Z/i«,2ndvfc them ftill.as after fliallappcarcTlieiroathes were. L^r^"'^^"", ..
By IerulalcmjtheTemple_,thcHeauen, harthjtheirHead, by the Law. q Fagms ob- tobchor.oitd
fcrueth,That the lews in fwearing lay their hand on the booke of the La w.at this day. with ihy good*
Other oathcs are little cftecmed. Hence it Iccmcth came our corporall Oathes on a "f 'hou haft a-
Bookc.Tiie Ievves(fauh 'Capita) think it no oaih,ifonc foifvvcare by Hcaucn.or Earth, ^y>^^^ f'^f ^''y
vnlcflchefaybyhim whichdwcUech thcre^g^c.AndnoncisfubicCtto that Curfe^ in [houhaft nor'
vhich the Name ofGod is not added. thou muft beg

ThatofCo?-^«2»pertayneth to this place, mentioned yl/^.'//;. n^. y. dr Afjrkj J.fi. fromdoore to
■whichibmelnterpretcas ifalewjfhouldfaytohis'^ Parents, Thathe had alrcadicdc- 'J"°rc:but
<!icatedallthattoGod(towhomvowcsareto be performed) wherewith hee might ^^V,'^ "^""'°'
Iiauc hclpfed them. Dodor %tjnoldi ' faith, That the Icv.'es,as they w ere prone to vn- anulkd "his
godly VOWC5, fo this was an vfuall vow amcngft them, and they would bindc it with textual]. K«/.
an oath, That I'uch or fuch a man fliould haue no profitc by thcm.Thc oath which thev P"'/ w' J»




then he might in no cafe doc them any good, .igainft the Comniandcmcnt, Honohr x ^5.13. 14,

thy Frftk'^CTf .Thclewcs vfcd to bindc their vowes with a curfe,as they which vowed X Heb.^.i 1 .

. " Tcules death, vfiiig yet to fupprcffc the curfe it felfc, as, 5' if tkyfl:all enter into mj refl; ^ '^M-'» '"/^

So thcfc, By the gift, if they hAne any profit h n:e , meant they fliould haue none. Thus "'''^slll ElscI '

the Trf/wjx^ (faith he) the Booke of thsir Canon Law, and Schoolc-Diuinitie, faith, cap.^.'

That a man is bound to honour his Father, vnkfTc he vow the contrarie. Mafw^cx- § The one af-

plainethitihus, That they did confccrate (by faying Corbetn ) all, where- tvith they tcr the letter

ITiotild haue benefited their Parents: as it they had laid. Let it be Anathema, ordeuo - *^''^^ \^^ c

tedj whatfoeueritbce, with which I may profit thee. And therefore thofeRabbincs, ek &c. ^ihco-

vnder pretext of Religion^ allowed not to focnd on his parents that which he had thus tlie'r a'cccincd

vowed to God. i'rj//^^r'' thus interprctethtjie place, as it a ibnne being by his pa- a puce ir. lici

rents admoniflied of his dutic, fliould p.-t them off with this exception, vfiteffe that tli<-'icof. Dra/,

vihichlhaue offered for thee , free me of this burthen. But let the more cui'ious readc it ^^''"■/""''•''■i'
, L- i ir and Hircuiiui

inhimlcltc. _ , . ^ ; ,, otal'hanfee

The Pharifees were eitcemedpittitiill; tht Sadducccs more * crucll. => They were became aSad-
much addiftcd to Aftrologic,and the Mathcir.atikes : v\hufc names of the Planets E- liucce, and his
p/fit.w«j'>rehcarfcth, asalib of thctwelueSigncs, fonue w/iau//-

Thcrc were ' feucn forts ofthe Pharifees, which the Talmud rcckoneth : iirft,^.^*^^- Y'i^^ and*°tr-
w//»i, which meafurepictie by honour andprofit, as tbcSichemitcs. which forthemar- fccuted the
tiagcofD/«<3enduredcircumcifion:fccondly, '^upht, which lifted not his feet from rcftthacihcy
the ground : the third .K'(/r«;,Dr3w-b!oud, w hich fmitcth his head to the wall, to caufe ^"'^ "'^" "^"^^
the bloud to come ; and alio flruttcth his eics.that he behold not a woman : the fourth, ^.°^j"'^,Vr ^^'
that flandcth on his perfeftion, tMc&Afahchoh.ihi xWhat liviy fnme ? as ifthc j^c wan- m'c^\m-ai\ '^'
tcdnothingtohis rightcoufneflc : the.fit't, Mednchia, which goc lowly and iiouping: a N.iyia.'m
thefixt, thcFharifccot Lone, whichobeyeth the Law forloucof vcrtueorrcw»ard; Mat \e. j,
thelcuenth, tliePhavifecof ff.si'tf, which is holden in obedience by fcaic ot punilli- ^ £f";^'./w.nf .
meiit. Th:is\.\\<.)' cA[Iebs PhAYifie,\.\\Qiot\x'Xi AbfAhams, c^Dr«frf.;,'cfs

EviphatiiH:



I42 Of the Tharifees and Sadducees, Chap»8.

d Epiph.bter.i6 Epphantus ^ dei'cnheih their ftrift obfemationsSomc (faith he) prefcribed to thcm-
feluestenyearcs, or eight or fourcyeares continence, Somelayonplankes , which
were only nine inches broad , that when they flept , they might tail to the pauement,
lo to be awakened againe to prayer, and kcepc tliemfelues waking. Others put flones
vnder them forthe fame end, by pricking to awake them : others lay on thornesfor
«• ScxlEU.it. thatpurpofc. Scaliger<^ repxoueth Epiphamus (or zffiiming , that the Pharifecs ware
womans attyre, as not agreeing to their aufteritie, which defpifed all beds beat thcm-
feluesagainft walls, and put thornes in the fringes oftheir garments, toprick them :
hethinketh himdeceiued by fome lewcs report; andaddeth, that the modcrne lew es
liaue little or no knowledge of thofe ancient Pharifecs, but as they Icarne it of the
Chriftians, or o{ Pfeudo.Gorionides (fo hee calleth the Hebrew Bookc,afcribed to
Tofeph Ben gorion , whom Drufus efteemeth , ixsAScaLger prooueth to bee a coun-
terfeit.)
f Seal. Blench. Wee may here alfoinfcrt the f manner of the lewifliSchoole or Academic, with
c. to. &Eli. their promotion therein to the degree of a Doctor .-vhich, v\hofocuer aft'cdied, was
rbif.rudxhabcr. fj^fi 3 Dilciple, and being prolkate at tWefeet oftheDcflor, heard him teaching: for
theDifciple didreadc, being laid on the Flooicor Pauement, and the Do(;loriuter-
preccd what he read. All the time which hee learned on this manner, was called his
g A^i.ii,'^.' yi//»o)'/f'>', and the Scholcr was called Katan , a Mmor, '\hw%Paul, faith hee K hvm
Lro-^ghtvpatthefeetofGhu A l i E L, All this while he was called by the narneof
his Father, his owne name not added ; which, after laying on of hands , was annexed
h Abe:-! IS to his title ; as Tien 'Bethtra before laying on of hands ; after , Rahbi lefua "Ben '> Bc-
lometimes ihtr,i^(jc. For by laying on ofhands he was promoted to his Mafteifhip ; which was
added CO their done with a let forme of Words , whereof /?. /»/<J<j , tbefonncof "S^^^, was Author,
names, as ,r-^^r .^, •■ 1 a But although he had now recciued the Degree, hee

Mtbc wilemen of Spaincd d entitle themfchtes not wasnot prefently mtituled Mafler, but C^'^bcr, as
o ih;ii- father (for K. Ahr. his father was naincd Mdr') yvn'fif^©- with the Grcckes, Spetifi:p:is yyufifxlQ- PU-
hucofthefamilie ; for f'^ra was name of that familie; ro»/f, that is, fuch a Stholeras isable to teach. This
fo was •ihabon,Gabirol, &c. which ihcy borrowed from ^^,„rd Chal>er therefore is not put alone, but hath al-
the Arabians. Seine ot the fij/;. called iheinfcliiesalfo ..,, i- d i->- ^.a ^a \. d rr 1 r L ,L .. ^C

_ „ r- , , r luJAtii • way nisRclatiue adiovned , as A. //»?<«« c-«»<^froi

G.JD« ns /{.SfariMoG.!*/; ; which doctorall title was gi- „ ^, « j li l /- h j i

ucn them, for their perfectionin the T4/«««/in which K,Eleaz.ar. And whiles he was fo called, fieencuer
arethiecfcoreTraaatcsjtorGaoninGeometnefi'^ni ("ate whiles his Mafler fate,but pro flrate on the paue-
ficth Hxcie. idcmrad.Gmi.miad.Samcch. hee makes ment: And when they were both Mafiers, the yoii-
SMic:h to be tiie fame w,tb (ffo^i.r, faying,th.y were io „^^ ^^^^ ^j^ile the elder fate and tau"ht : as in the
calledotibcimpofition of hands, which was vfedin S- • ■ V^i u 1 r> n ti„^ .i, t

,^.,f»rri.,„ru»j „..»» Pnmitiue Church the vonger Bifliop called the e!-

comernng the degree. , .-r. ^1 1 ' '^ 1 • n i 1 •

derT^/xj.Such was the leuercnce to their Rabbmes,

Chnftattwclue yeares was othcrwife honoured amongtt them : but this was cxtra-

Vruf.pvxt.in ordinarie. And as Paul and Ai]:ula fometimes, fo alio many of thefe Jcwifli Maflers

/id. 18. f.v exercifcdfomehandie craft, to fuflaynetbcmfelues without trouble of other : this^.

u().i]i,i. j^i^^ ^,^j 2 drelTer of leatlier; T^{ahnm a Scriuencr, and likcwife y^/«> , lochanani

Shoe-tT aker ; '7^. In da a Baker.

The Pharilees in a fclfe-conceit and fingularitie, called, all but thcmfclues, in a dif-
gracefull fcorne,' Or^i-rw^M : fofaid he, Licks i^' lam rsr as other men : whereas
£ ,2"''"' they accounted themfelues Matters of others, on whom alfo*i!>^^c«»^/?»M«»('^»r/Afw,
■^' ' ' in their Rules and Cafes, the breach whereof they iudged5«»«e in the people, but yet
held not thcmfclues bound thereto. For example, Euery Ifraelite ought euery day , by
their Rule, to fayouerthetenCommandements , and chat in the firH Watch, which
might not bee deferred, for danger of fmne; and yet amongflthemfelues they eftee-
meu itlawtulj atanyhoure ofthenight. Butvponthe Profclytcs they impofcd more
then on the other Ifraelites, all which they were bound to (in their cenfure) vnder
painc of Hell-fire; and therefore Chtifl faid , J hey made them fxo.foldmore the chil-
drett of Hell then themfelucs ; for they freed themfclucs from many of thofe iinpofitit ns
theylaidon the confciences of others. And thefe Profelytes they leffe trufied, and
therefore burthened them with more obfcruations,

Of



i.»-'



Chap. 8. ASIA- ThefecofidBooke. iJ^^

Of TheSaddvcees.

AFter wc haiic fpoken of the Pharifces, which loued the firft roomes ('which they
hauchccreobtaincdjittollowcthtolpeake ncxtof theSadducees, » who in the a Sadd^ees.
New TcRainenc are often mentioned. '> ^f^^.tgiucthanvniuft interpretation of their ^^edah ■icl-i
name, faying the Saddiicees are injcerpretcd /wi?. Efifhanins c alfo fetchcth their cFpibJhtr.i^.
name from Sedic, which fignificth luRice. Ljira ^ allcagethareafon, becaufe they d Lyra in ML';.
were feucre and rigorous in iudgemcnt, they giue this name oiJufi (not iuftly) to
thcnifclues. Bitrgenl^s ebthcrwife; as of e^rm/* were theArnans, fo of one 5i7i^oc^ c BurT^enf. ibid.
(faith he) are the Saddiicees called, who was the firli inuentcr oftheir Herefie. The
pharifces were efteemed more iuft then they, as appeareth,/L.'^^.i8.9. They counted
themleluesiuft, and defpifed others; Summum iw, fumrnu tniaria, . Their rigorous
juHice was vnitirt rigour. This ^ 54i^i7f, or rather 5(?i^«c, liuedvnder t^inigoHMi So- fDruf.de^.
ihieiii,\\ho('uccecdcdtoSit>7fo;i the fusl: His fellow- fcholler was Bjitlws^ of whom Sect.^^.c.-^.
came the Baithofseans. So faith t/ibrahetm ben 'D^ftidm his Hiftoricall Cabball : ^»- ^-''•'•" Timb.rad,
t:?ottni faid , Beyeenot asferuants, which mtnifler to their Prince on condition to rcceim "' ^^'
reward. Sdidoc nfjdBz'nhos Oikjd hiw of this thing, and he iwjivered that they jhoiildtiot
tut corifiderce m the rewAfd. of this bfe, hut in the world, to come. But they der.ted.his
ieords^yand fatd,ne nener hettrd any thing of the world to come; for they had beene his
difcifles: and they dtjfented fromhim^ aftdwctit totheSanBtiarieofc^Lofint (jariz.w,
vherethe Princttsfpsre. They vpbrafded the Phanfees with their Traditions, faying;
TheTradition is inthehand of the Pharifees,to vexethemfelues in this wor!d,whcre-
as in the world to come they haue no reward, Antigntms his words are in the Treatifc
Aboth, Be ye nctfernantj which mitJifter to a Pnvce, to receme of him reward : but be ye as
feruMits which minifler to their Prtnce, with this condition^ that they r<:£ii»e no reward,
andletthefe.ireof God bee vponyou, g £//«jLf«/>/! thusreportcthit :eX?»f/^o«/«5<7- g El.inrad,
chaus had two difciples, Zadok^znd Baiethos,\^\\ic\\ kauing their Mafter to follow ^'^'■■"k-
•wicked rhen,firft began to deny the Law which was giuen by word of mouth^ar.d bc-
Iccued nothing but that which was written in the Law. Wherefore thev were called
Karaim, that is, Bible-men, or Tcxtualls, and in the Roman tongue they call them
Saduces,

"Baithos had a ccrtainc family fro 5<«^<5c,otherwife held the fame opinions,as fleHel
and Sammai among the Pharifees: fo thefe were two chiefe Mailers cf the Sa.^ducsean
Schooles. TheBaithufsansminifteredto^./.'f/jojinvcflclsof iiUierand gold. Thcfc
Sadducces were called Afw/w, or ^««, that is, Heretikes. They are called ^<3yr^w>,
bccau.'e they would fecme T«-f«^//, and Scripture-men, difallowing Traditions, ^ of ^, ^"''^-^/f^f.
JCir^?, which (Ignificth the Scripture: which was called i<r«!r<« or Ctr<r, of C-i/-,? to reade, ""'"''•''^•^•
foith br/i/F«/, ' becaufeofthe diligence, which oughttobevfed in readingtheScrip- i Drufquxfl.
tures, whercunto men fhould defignc (after the lewifli precepts) the third part of their ''^- ' ■^"'^if-^ia
life, Abraham Zachmh callcs them fp/c^re/.The Scriptures ibey interpreted after their
owne fcnfe, nor regarded they the words of tlie wife-men ; that is, the Pharifres. They
^vereof theancientC<z)'<<:^»j,or/C*r)-r^/;;'?, butnot of thofc which now are fo termed;
vi'hich as Zachmh confefleth, confelTe thcRefurre£tion,and Reward. Scahger ^ affir- k Scil.quo fi^,
meth, by the teftimonie of Philip Fr-i/^r/^? a Chriflian lew, who had great familiarity ^^ '•^'^^^fif"
with thefe Ktrrnim at Conlbntinoplc, and had bin ofren prefent at their Synagogue, (i,nlnd!!'h ■ \'
that they differ nothing from the other lewcs, but in reieding Traditions, and are far Pharsfces. and
more honclt and faithtull then tlie Rabbanimfi{\\\\om they are no leiTe hated for their Sadaucccs m-
intefritie, then for reiefting Tradition. Butin comparifon of the ' %ibbaTifm, there tendeihthc
are but few of the Karratm rand thcfc are of the reliques of the old Sadducecs-Thcic f/ff^""""' '''"'^
two Seds haue nothing common betweene them, but the Text of Scripture: they i jfa/'^ rz-
haueadiffering account oftheir T^cw-moones: the other lewes reckoning from the
Coniiinftion, thefe Karrmim from the time of apparition, as doe the Arabians,

Concerning the iiTdrr^Jw now remaining, it is reported that the other lewes, and
they will net fpeakc one to another : fo inexpiable hatred doe the ether lewes co:i- m GPoJld.A!.
cciuc anaialt them.And Poflsllm faith, '" There are three principall Se'iSs cf the Iswes ''''''^•' -•'"'S'

^ • in-^^"••



144 ^f^^^ Sadducees and Bejjees. C h a p,8.

iiube Eaftcrne parts ; ThalmudiJfs;Caraim,vihichTekSt thofc Glofles. They arc rich,



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 30 of 181)